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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231594/-conception-and-preliminary-evaluation-of-a-rehabilitation-attending-counseling-service-for-caregivers-of-stroke-patients
#1
J Jungbauer, T Krieger, M Floren
This paper presents the pilot project "The Caregivers' Guide", which is financed by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). The project's concept is outreach-oriented and personal, giving constant support to relatives of stroke patients throughout rehabilitation. Its effects were reviewed in an accompanying study. A combination of qualitative and quantitative methods was chosen to gather data on the experiences and assessments of the caregivers, as well as changes during the counselling process...
February 23, 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231477/effects-of-tdcs-on-motor-learning-and-memory-formation-a-consensus-and-critical-position-paper
#2
REVIEW
Ethan R Buch, Emiliano Santarnecchi, Andrea Antal, Jan Born, Pablo A Celnik, Joseph Classen, Christian Gerloff, Mark Hallett, Friedhelm C Hummel, Michael A Nitsche, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Walter J Paulus, Janine Reis, Edwin M Robertson, John C Rothwell, Marco Sandrini, Heidi M Schambra, Eric M Wassermann, Ulf Ziemann, Leonardo G Cohen
Motor skills are required for activities of daily living. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) applied in association with motor skill learning has been investigated as a tool for enhancing training effects in health and disease. Here, we review the published literature investigating whether tDCS can facilitate the acquisition, retention or adaptation of motor skills. Work in multiple laboratories is underway to develop a mechanistic understanding of tDCS effects on different forms of learning and to optimize stimulation protocols...
January 29, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231335/immigrants-in-the-one-percent-the-national-origin-of-top-wealth-owners
#3
Lisa A Keister, Brian Aronson
BACKGROUND: Economic inequality in the United States is extreme, but little is known about the national origin of affluent households. Households in the top one percent by total wealth own vastly disproportionate quantities of household assets and have correspondingly high levels of economic, social, and political influence. The overrepresentation of white natives (i.e., those born in the U.S.) among high-wealth households is well-documented, but changing migration dynamics suggest that a growing portion of top households may be immigrants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231332/the-moderating-role-of-absorptive-capacity-and-the-differential-effects-of-acquisitions-and-alliances-on-big-pharma-firms-innovation-performance
#4
K D S Fernald, H P G Pennings, J F van den Bosch, H R Commandeur, E Claassen
In the context of increased pharmaceutical innovation deficits and Big Pharma blockbusters' patent expirations, this paper examines the moderating role of firms' absorptive capacity in external innovation activities of Big Pharma firms. The study indicates a rising interest of Big Pharma in acquisitions of and alliances with biotechnology companies. Unfortunately, this increased interest is not reflected in the number of new drugs generated by Big Pharma. We find that acquisitions of biotech companies have negatively affected Big Pharma firms' innovation performance on average but these acquisitions might have a positive effect at higher levels of acquiring firms' absorptive capacity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231045/original-research-paper-public-health-care-system-a-quasi-experimental-study-acceptance-and-attitude-to-implicate-clinical-services
#5
Syed Wasif Gillani, Mohi Iqbal Mohammad Abdul
A six-month longitudinal intervention arm study with a pre-post cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey was performed. A 3-phase objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) design was utilized for evaluation of acceptance and attitude of pharmacy students towards clinical pharmacy services. The pre-OSCE survey showed increased disagreement with the role of clinical pharmacists, compared to a significant positive shift in attitude towards their services in the healthcare team after 6 months of the trial...
March 1, 2017: Acta Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230910/adhesives-for-bonded-molar-tubes-during-fixed-brace-treatment
#6
REVIEW
Declan T Millett, Nicky A Mandall, Rye Cr Mattick, Joy Hickman, Anne-Marie Glenny
BACKGROUND: Orthodontic treatment involves using fixed or removable appliances (dental braces) to correct the positions of teeth. The success of a fixed appliance depends partly on the metal attachments (brackets and bands) being glued to the teeth so that they do not become detached during treatment. Brackets (metal squares) are usually attached to teeth other than molars, where bands (metal rings that go round each tooth) are more commonly used. Orthodontic tubes (stainless steel tubes that allow wires to pass through them), are typically welded to bands but they may also be glued directly (bonded) to molars...
February 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230747/dynamic-method-of-neutral-axis-position-determination-and-damage-identification-with-distributed-long-gauge-fbg-sensors
#7
Yongsheng Tang, Zhongdao Ren
The neutral axis position (NAP) is a key parameter of a flexural member for structure design and safety evaluation. The accuracy of NAP measurement based on traditional methods does not satisfy the demands of structural performance assessment especially under live traffic loads. In this paper, a new method to determine NAP is developed by using modal macro-strain (MMS). In the proposed method, macro-strain is first measured with long-gauge Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) sensors; then the MMS is generated from the measured macro-strain with Fourier transform; and finally the neutral axis position coefficient (NAPC) is determined from the MMS and the neutral axis depth is calculated with NAPC...
February 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230336/the-endothelial-border-to-health-mechanistic-evidence-of-the-hyperglycemic-culprit-of-inflammatory-disease-acceleration
#8
REVIEW
Nina Waerling Hansen, Anker Jon Hansen, Anette Sams
The endothelial cell (EC) layer constitutes a barrier that controls movements of fluid, solutes and cells between blood and tissue. Further, the endothelial layer regulates vascular tone and directs local humoral and cellular inflammatory processes. The strategic position makes it an important player for maintenance of health and for development of a number of diseases. Endothelial dysfunction is known to be an important component of type 2 diabetes, but is also assumed to be involved in many other diseases, for example, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, asthma, and cardiovascular diseases...
March 2017: IUBMB Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229441/-robotic-systems-for-gait-re-education-in-cases-of-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#9
T Gandara-Sambade, M Fernandez-Pereira, A Rodriguez-Sotillo
INTRODUCTION: The evidence underlying robotic body weight supported treadmill training in patients with spinal cord injury remains poorly characterized. AIM: To perform a qualitative systematic review on the efficacy of this therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A search on PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Library and PEDro was performed from January 2005 to April 2016. The references in these articles were also reviewed to find papers not identified with the initial search strategy...
March 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229248/promoting-social-nurturance-and-positive-social-environments-to-reduce-obesity-in-high-risk-youth
#10
REVIEW
Dawn K Wilson, Allison M Sweeney, Heather Kitzman-Ulrich, Haylee Gause, Sara M St George
Nurturing environments within the context of families, schools, and communities all play an important role in enhancing youth's behavioral choices and health outcomes. The increasing prevalence rates of obesity among youth, especially among low income and ethnic minorities, highlight the need to develop effective and innovative intervention approaches that promote positive supportive environments across different contexts for at-risk youth. We propose that the integration of Social Cognitive Theory, Family Systems Theory, and Self-Determination Theory offers a useful framework for understanding how individual, family, and social-environmental-level factors contribute to the development of nurturing environments...
February 22, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228683/eutrema-salsugineum-cruciferae-new-to-mexico-a-surprising-generic-record-for-the-flora-of-middle-america
#11
Dmitry A German, Marcus A Koch
The paper reports Eutrema salsugineum as a novelty to the flora of Mexico and Middle America in general. The finding stands ca. 1600 km apart from the closest known locality in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado, USA. The species is considered native to NW Mexico and its late discovery in the region is presumably explained by its tiny habit, early flowering time, and subephemeral life cycle. The phylogenetic position of this Mexican population in a haplotype network based on the chloroplast DNA fragment psbA-trnH confirms this hypothesis and also suggests, in contrast to the previously held viewpoint, multiple colonizations of North American continent from Asia...
2017: PhytoKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228372/progress-in-the-enhanced-use-of-electronic-medical-records-data-from-the-ontario-experience
#12
Mavis Jones, Chad Koziel, Darren Larsen, Plumaletta Berry, Elena Kubatka-Willms
BACKGROUND: This paper describes a change management strategy, including a self-assessment survey tool and electronic medical record (EMR) maturity model (EMM), developed to support the adoption and implementation of EMRs among community-based physicians in the province of Ontario, Canada. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to present an analysis of progress in EMR use in the province of Ontario based on data from surveys completed by over 4000 EMR users. METHODS: The EMM and the EMR progress report (EPR) survey tool clarify levels of capability and expected benefits of improved use...
February 22, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228224/-clinical-advanced-in-early-stage-alk-positive-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients
#13
Qiongqiong Gao, Xiangli Jiang, Chun Huang
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in China. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for 85% of lung cancer cases, with the majority of the cases diagnosed at the advanced stage. Molecular targeted therapy is becoming the focus attention for advanced NSCLC. Echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like 4 gene and the anaplastic lymphoma kinase gene (EML4-ALK) is among the most common molecular targets of NSCLC; its specific small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are approved for use in advanced NSCLC cases of ALK-positive...
February 20, 2017: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228167/atomic-scale-analytical-tomography
#14
Thomas F Kelly
The concept of atomic-scale tomography has been proposed in the past decade as a technique that could deliver the position of all atoms with high precision and their elemental (isotopic) identity. The technique was never intended to be limited to merely structural information and there is clearly a rich array of additional analytical information that can be brought to bear on such tomographs. In this paper, some of these types of information are considered and the implications are explored. The fuller realm of this analytical and structural information may be called atomic-scale analytical tomography...
February 2017: Microscopy and Microanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228017/adsorption-mechanism-of-an-antimicrobial-peptide-on-carbonaceous-surfaces-a-molecular-dynamics-study
#15
Danilo Roccatano, Edita Sarukhanyan, Ronen Zangi
Peptides are versatile molecules with applications spanning from biotechnology to nanomedicine. They exhibit a good capability to unbundle carbon nanotubes (CNT) by improving their solubility in water. Furthermore, they are a powerful drug delivery system since they can easily be uptaken by living cells, and their high surface-to-volume ratio facilitates the adsorption of molecules of different natures. Therefore, understanding the interaction mechanism between peptides and CNT is important for designing novel therapeutical agents...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227988/liver-segmentation-using-location-and-intensity-probabilistic-atlases
#16
Negar Farzaneh, Shadrokh Samavi, S M Reza Soroushmehr, Hirenkumar Patel, Samuel Habbo-Gavin, David Paul Fessell, Kevin R Ward, Kayvan Najarian, Negar Farzaneh, Shadrokh Samavi, S M Reza Soroushmehr, Hirenkumar Patel, Samuel Habbo-Gavin, David Paul Fessell, Kevin R Ward, Kayvan Najarian, Kevin R Ward, S M Reza Soroushmehr, Hirenkumar Patel, Shadrokh Samavi, Samuel Habbo-Gavin, Kayvan Najarian, David Paul Fessell, Negar Farzaneh
In a variety of injuries and illnesses, internal organs in the abdominal and pelvic regions, in particular liver, may be compromised. In the current practice, CT scans of liver are visually inspected to investigate the integrity of the organ. However, the size and complexity of the CT images limits the reliability of visual inspection to accurately assess the health of liver. Computer-aided image analysis can create fast and quantitative assessment of liver from the CT, in particular in the environments where access to skilled radiologists may be limited...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227959/localizing-seizure-onset-zone-by-convolutional-transfer-entropy-from-ieeg
#17
Kang Lin, Yueming Wang, Kedi Xu, Junming Zhu, Jianmin Zhang, Xiaoxiang Zheng, Kang Lin, Yueming Wang, Kedi Xu, Junming Zhu, Jianmin Zhang, Xiaoxiang Zheng, Xiaoxiang Zheng, Junming Zhu, Yueming Wang, Kedi Xu, Kang Lin, Jianmin Zhang
Automatic localization of the seizure onset zone (SOZ) is able to output an objective result and help clinical doctors greatly in epilepsy therapy. Transfer entropy is one of the most frequently used measures based on information theory to localize the SOZ. However, if only using transfer entropy to localize the SOZ, different results can be obtained during different periods, thus humans still need to identify which one is most reasonable. This paper proposes a new method to output only a few (e.g. 1 or 2) results along a long time slot...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227956/a-wirelessly-powered-homecage-with-animal-behavior-analysis-and-closed-loop-power-control
#18
Yaoyao Jia, Zheyuan Wang, Daniel Canales, Morgan Tinkler, Chia-Chun Hsu, Teresa E Madsen, S Abdollah Mirbozorgi, Donald Rainnie, Maysam Ghovanloo, Yaoyao Jia, Zheyuan Wang, Daniel Canales, Morgan Tinkler, Chia-Chun Hsu, Teresa E Madsen, S Abdollah Mirbozorgi, Donald Rainnie, Maysam Ghovanloo, Donald Rainnie, Chia-Chun Hsu, Teresa E Madsen, Morgan Tinkler, Daniel Canales, Zheyuan Wang, S Abdollah Mirbozorgi, Maysam Ghovanloo, Yaoyao Jia
This paper presents a new EnerCage-homecage system, EnerCage-HC2, for longitudinal electrophysiology data acquisition experiments on small freely moving animal subjects, such as rodents. EnerCage-HC2 is equipped with multi-coil wireless power transmission (WPT), closed-loop power control, bidirectional data communication via Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE), and Microsoft Kinect® based animal behavior tracking and analysis. The EnerCage-HC2 achieves a homogeneous power transfer efficiency (PTE) of 14% on average, with ~42 mW power delivered to the load (PDL) at a nominal height of 7 cm by the closed-loop power control mechanism...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227891/design-and-preliminary-assessment-of-a-smart-textile-for-respiratory-monitoring-based-on-an-array-of-fiber-bragg-gratings
#19
C Massaroni, M Ciocchetti, G Di Tomaso, P Saccomandi, M A Caponero, A Polimadei, D Formica, E Schena, C Massaroni, M Ciocchetti, G Di Tomaso, P Saccomandi, M A Caponero, A Polimadei, D Formica, E Schena, G Di Tomaso, M A Caponero, E Schena, M Ciocchetti, C Massaroni, A Polimadei, P Saccomandi, D Formica
Comfortable and easy to wear smart textiles have gained popularity for continuous respiratory monitoring. Among different emerging technologies, smart textiles based on fiber optic sensors (FOSs) have several advantages, like Magnetic Resonance (MR)-compatibility and good metrological properties. In this paper we report on the development and assessment of an MR-compatible smart textiles based on FOSs for respiratory monitoring. The system consists of six fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors glued on the textile to monitor six compartments of the chest wall (i...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227869/simea-a-framework-for-simulating-neurons-on-multi-electrode-array
#20
Vafa Andalibi, Timo Aaltonen, Francois Christophe, Tommi Mikkonen, Vafa Andalibi, Timo Aaltonen, Francois Christophe, Tommi Mikkonen, Timo Aaltonen, Vafa Andalibi, Tommi Mikkonen, Francois Christophe
A Multi-Electrode Array (MEA) is a practical device for recording the extracellular activity of in-vitro biological culture. Such culture - for instance neurons - is prone to mistakes leading to irrelevant recordings or no recording at all. Additionally, with the expenses generated by in-vitro culture, minimizing risks is a must. This paper proposes a framework designed and implemented for simulating the spatial positioning of neuronal cultures on a MEA. The framework serves as a sandbox for researchers to simulate the model of their MEA experiments before its eventual in-vitro implementation...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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