keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Criminal correction

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093927/impact-of-social-disadvantage-and-parental-offending-on-rates-of-criminal-offending-among-offspring-of-women-with-severe-mental-illness
#1
Giulietta Maria Valuri, Frank Morgan, Assen Jablensky, Vera Anne Morgan
OBJECTIVE: Children of parents with severe mental illness have an increased risk of offending. Studies suggest that risk factors such as parental offending and social disadvantage may be associated with the increased risk. This paper assesses the impact of these risk factors on offending rates in the offspring of women with severe mental illness compared to offspring of unaffected women. METHODS: This is part of a longitudinal record-linked whole-population study of 467,945 children born in Western Australia from 1980 to 2001 to mothers with severe mental illness and mothers with no recorded psychiatric illness...
January 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093665/disproportionality-and-disparities-among-sexual-minority-youth-in-custody
#2
Bianca D M Wilson, Sid P Jordan, Ilan H Meyer, Andrew R Flores, Lara Stemple, Jody L Herman
Research indicates that sexual minority youth are disproportionately criminalized in the U.S. and subjected to abusive treatment while in correctional facilities. However, the scope and extent of disparities based on sexual orientation remains largely overlooked in the juvenile justice literature. This study, based on a nationally representative federal agency survey conducted in 2012 (N = 8785; 9.9% girls), reveals that 39.4% of girls and 3.2% of boys in juvenile correctional facilities identified as lesbian, gay, or bisexual...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081178/gender-differences-in-hiv-care-among-criminal-justice-involved-persons-baseline-data-from-the-care-corrections-study
#3
Curt Beckwith, Breana Uhrig Castonguay, Claudia Trezza, Lauri Bazerman, Rudy Patrick, Alice Cates, Halli Olsen, Ann Kurth, Tao Liu, James Peterson, Irene Kuo
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected individuals recently released from incarceration have suboptimal linkage and engagement in community HIV care. We conducted a study to evaluate an information and communication technology intervention to increase linkage to community care among HIV-infected persons recently involved in the criminal justice (CJ) system. Baseline characteristics including risk behaviors and HIV care indicators are reported and stratified by gender. METHODS: We recruited HIV-infected individuals in the District of Columbia jail and persons with a recent history of incarceration through community and street outreach...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063325/a-pilot-trial-of-in-vivo-nrt-sampling-to-increase-medication-adherence-in-community-corrections-smokers
#4
Karen L Cropsey, Peter S Hendricks, Samantha Schiavon, Aaron Sellers, Morgan Froelich, Richard C Shelton, Matthew J Carpenter
BACKGROUND: Individuals in the criminal justice system demonstrate high rates of cigarette use (70-80%) and low adherence to smoking cessation medication. Educational approaches have not been shown to promote adherence or cessation, though medication sampling has boosted both use and cessation. The objective of the present study was to determine whether In vivo nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) sampling approach increases NRT adherence among criminal justice smokers during a subsequent quit attempt...
December 27, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060202/the-relationship-between-traumatic-brain-injury-and-criminality-in-juvenile-offenders
#5
Wayne A Gordon, Lisa A Spielman, Amanda E Hahn-Ketter, Karla Therese L Sy
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between traumatic brain injury (TBI) and criminal behavior in youth who are incarcerated or on probation in Texas. SETTING: Seven juvenile justice facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Juvenile offenders in state or county correctional facilities or on probation. DESIGN: Screening for TBI was conducted among adolescents at 7 juvenile justice centers. MAIN MEASURES: Participants were administered the Brain Injury Screening Questionnaire, and results were linked to participants' offense history and psychiatric diagnoses...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052096/sex-determination-from-fragmented-and-degenerated-dna-by-amplified-product-length-polymorphism-bidirectional-snp-analysis-of-amelogenin-and-sry-genes
#6
Kotoka Masuyama, Hideki Shojo, Hiroaki Nakanishi, Shota Inokuchi, Noboru Adachi
Sex determination is important in archeology and anthropology for the study of past societies, cultures, and human activities. Sex determination is also one of the most important components of individual identification in criminal investigations. We developed a new method of sex determination by detecting a single-nucleotide polymorphism in the amelogenin gene using amplified product-length polymorphisms in combination with sex-determining region Y analysis. We particularly focused on the most common types of postmortem DNA damage in ancient and forensic samples: fragmentation and nucleotide modification resulting from deamination...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035647/offending-behavior-drug-use-and-mental-health-among-foreign-born-versus-u-s-born-latino-criminal-justice-clients
#7
Gladys E Ibañez, Michelle Agudo, Steve S Martin, Daniel J O'Connell, Rehab Auf, Diana M Sheehan
Little is known about the offending behavior and recidivism factors of Latinos by nativity (U.S. born, foreign-born). The present study focused on Latinos in community corrections (n = 201) in Miami, Florida, and examined differences in criminal activity, drug use, and mental health by nativity. Data were collected utilizing convenience sampling between June 2014 and December 2015. The research question was: what are the offending, drug use, and mental health histories of Latinos involved in community corrections? Participants were mostly male (n = 120; 59...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027663/hiv-risk-inside-u-s-prisons-a-systematic-review-of-risk-reduction-interventions-conducted-in-u-s-prisons
#8
Pamela Valera, Yvonne Chang, Zi Lian
HIV prevalence in correctional populations is approximately five times that of the general adult population. This systematic review examines the broad question of HIV prevention and interventions to reduce inmate HIV-related risk behaviors in U.S. federal and state prisons. We conducted a systematic review of multiple databases and Google Scholar to identify behavioral, biomedical, social, and policy studies related to HIV among U.S. prison populations from 1980-2014. Studies were excluded if they did not focus on HIV, prison inmates, if they were conducted outside of the U...
December 27, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018890/association-between-traumatic-brain-injury-and-incarceration-a-population-based-cohort-study
#9
Kathryn E McIsaac, Andrea Moser, Rahim Moineddin, Leslie Anne Keown, Geoff Wilton, Lynn A Stewart, Angela Colantonio, Avery B Nathens, Flora I Matheson
BACKGROUND: There is recent evidence to suggest that sustaining a traumatic brain injury (TBI) increases risk of criminal justice system involvement, including incarceration. The objective of this study was to explore the association between TBI and risk of incarceration among men and women in Ontario. METHODS: We identified a cohort of 1.418 million young adults (aged 18-28 yr) on July 1, 1997, living in Ontario, Canada, from administrative health records; they were followed to Dec...
October 2016: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992626/sex-and-racial-ethnic-differences-in-positive-outcomes-in-delinquent-youth-after-detention-a-12-year-longitudinal-study
#10
Karen M Abram, Nicole M Azores-Gococo, Kristin M Emanuel, David A Aaby, Leah J Welty, Jennifer A Hershfield, Melinda S Rosenbaum, Linda A Teplin
Importance: Longitudinal studies of delinquent youth have focused on criminal recidivism, not on psychosocial outcomes in adulthood. This omission is critical because after detention most youth return to the community, where they become the responsibility of pediatric health care professionals. Objective: To investigate 8 positive outcomes among delinquent youth 5 and 12 years after detention, focusing on sex and racial/ethnic differences. Design, Setting, and Participants: In the Northwestern Juvenile Project, a longitudinal US study of long-term outcomes of delinquent youth after detention, participants were interviewed in detention between November 20, 1995, and June 14, 1998, and reinterviewed up to 9 times during the 12-year study period, through May 12, 2011...
December 19, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987441/justice-involvement-among-homeless-individuals-with-mental-illnesses-are-self-report-and-administrative-measures-comparable
#11
Ashley J Lemieux, Laurence Roy, Michael S Martin, Eric A Latimer, Anne G Crocker
Individuals with mental illnesses who experience homelessness have frequent interactions with the criminal justice system. Correctly measuring this involvement is essential to develop and evaluate the efficacy of intervention programs. Criminal justice involvement is typically assessed through administrative records or self-reported accounts. The aims of this study are to: 1) assess agreement between self-report and administrative data related to court appearances, and 2) identify individual characteristics that affect discrepancies between sources...
December 10, 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981691/the-costs-of-crime-during-and-after-publicly-funded-treatment-for-opioid-use-disorders-a-population-level-study-for-the-state-of-california
#12
Emanuel Krebs, Darren Urada, Elizabeth Evans, David Huang, Yih-Ing Hser, Bohdan Nosyk
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Treatment for opioid use disorders (OUD) reduces the risk of mortality and infectious disease transmission; however, opportunities to quantify the potential economic benefits of associated decreases in drug-related crime are scarce. This paper aimed to estimate the costs of crime during and after periods of engagement in publicly-funded treatment for OUD to compare total costs of crime over a hypothetical 6-month period following initiation of opioid agonist treatment (OAT) versus detoxification...
December 15, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977226/does-early-onset-of-criminal-behavior-differentiate-for-whom-serious-mental-illness-has-a-direct-or-indirect-effect-on-recidivism
#13
Jason Matejkowski, Aaron Conrad, Michael Ostermann
The involvement of people with serious mental illness (SMI) with the justice system may be a direct result of their disruptive/unsafe expression of psychiatric symptoms being responded to by law enforcement. SMI may also indirectly contribute to justice involvement, through exposure to environmental and social learning processes that place people with SMI at risk for criminal behavior. This study addresses the question: For whom does SMI directly or indirectly relate to criminal behavior? Mediation and conditional effects testing were used to examine the potential of early onset of criminal behavior to distinguish those groups for whom SMI displays a direct effect or an indirect effect on criminal recidivism...
December 15, 2016: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977225/the-role-of-mental-health-and-specific-responsivity-in-juvenile-justice-rehabilitation
#14
Sarah McCormick, Michele Peterson-Badali, Tracey A Skilling
Understanding the role that mental health issues play in justice-involved youth poses challenges for research, policy, and practice. While mental health problems are generally not risk factors for criminal behavior according to the risk-needs-responsivity (RNR) framework of correctional psychology practice, prevalence rates are very high and RNR principles suggest that mental health as a responsivity variable may moderate the success of interventions targeted to criminogenic needs. In this study we investigated the relationships among mental health status, criminogenic needs treatment, and recidivism in a sample of 232 youth referred for court-ordered assessments and followed through their community supervision sentence (probation)...
December 15, 2016: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907231/use-of-autopsy-to-determine-live-or-stillbirth-new-approaches-in-decision-support-systems
#15
Riza Yilmaz, Okan Erkaymaz, Erdogan Kara, Kivanc Ergen
Fetal deaths are important cases for forensic medicine, as well as for criminal and civil law. From a legal perspective, the determination of whether a deceased infant was stillborn is a difficult process. Such a determination is generally made during autopsy; however, no standardized procedures for this determination exist. Therefore, new facilitative approaches are needed. In this study, three new support systems based on 10 autopsy parameters were tested for their ability to correctly determine whether deceased infants were alive or stillborn...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890111/sex-estimation-of-the-tibia-in-modern-turkish-a-computed-tomography-study
#16
Oguzhan Ekizoglu, Ali Er, Mustafa Bozdag, Mustafa Akcaoglu, Ismail Ozgur Can, Julieta G García-Donas, Elena F Kranioti
The utilization of computed tomography is beneficial for the analysis of skeletal remains and it has important advantages for anthropometric studies. The present study investigated morphometry of left tibia using CT images of a contemporary Turkish population. Seven parameters were measured on 203 individuals (124 males and 79 females) within the 19-92-years age group. The first objective of this study was to provide population-specific sex estimation equations for the contemporary Turkish population based on CT images...
November 2016: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868299/quantifying-maternal-incarceration-a-whole-population-linked-data-study-of-western-australian-children-born-1985-2011
#17
Caitlin M Dowell, David B Preen, Leonie Segal
OBJECTIVE: To measure the prevalence of children affected by maternal incarceration in Western Australia (WA). METHODS: Using linked administrative data we identified all children born in WA between 1985 and 2011, whose biological mother was imprisoned during their childhood. Data was obtained through the WA Data Linkage Branch from the Department of Corrective Services, Midwives Notifications System and Birth Registrations data collections. Descriptive characteristics of the children (n=9,352) and their mothers (n=3,827) are reported...
November 20, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819465/elucidating-the-validity-of-the-externalizing-spectrum-of-psychopathology-in-correctional-forensic-and-community-samples
#18
Martin Sellbom
Krueger and colleagues (2007) have elaborated on a hierarchical structural model of externalizing psychopathology, with a general overarching factor and 2 residual liability factors reflecting callous-aggression and substance misuse. The current study used an independent set of symptom and behavior indicators (items derived from the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form) to test alternative models of externalizing. In mixed-sex samples of correctional inmates (n = 42,290), forensic criminal defendants (n = 1,065), and community participants (n = 2,214), a bifactor model based on Krueger, Markon, Patrick, Benning, and Kramer (2007) was associated with better model fit relative to a 1-factor model, 2-factor model, and a bifactor model with 2 random bifactors...
November 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816035/predictors-of-medication-adherence-and-smoking-cessation-among-smokers-under-community-corrections-supervision
#19
Karen L Cropsey, C Brendan Clark, Erin N Stevens, Samantha Schiavon, Adrienne C Lahti, Peter S Hendricks
INTRODUCTION: Individuals in the U.S. criminal justice system now represent over 12% of all current U.S. smokers. With smoking banned in most U.S. jails and prisons, the cessation focus for this population has shifted to individuals who are under community correction supervision (e.g., probation, parole). The aim of this study was to examine predictors of successful smoking cessation among criminal justice individuals supervised in the community. METHODS: Five hundred participants under community corrections supervision were randomized to receive either four sessions of smoking cessation counseling or no counseling in conjunction with 12weeks of bupropion treatment plus brief physician advice to quit...
February 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809738/sexual-transmission-of-hiv-and-the-law-an-australian-medical-consensus-statement
#20
Mark Boyd, David Cooper, Elizabeth A Crock, Levinia Crooks, Michelle L Giles, Andrew Grulich, Sharon R Lewin, David Nolan, Trent Yarwood
Criminal cases involving human immunodeficiency virus transmission or exposure require that courts correctly comprehend the rapidly evolving science of HIV transmission and the impact of an HIV diagnosis. This consensus statement, written by leading HIV clinicians and scientists, provides current scientific evidence to facilitate just outcomes in Australian criminal cases involving HIV.Main recommendations: Caution should be exercised when considering charges or prosecutions regarding HIV transmission or exposure because:Scientific evidence shows that the risk of HIV transmission during sex between partners of different HIV serostatus can be low, negligible or too low to quantify, even when the HIV-positive partner is not taking effective antiretroviral therapy, depending on the nature of the sexual act, the viral load of the partner with HIV, and whether a condom or pre-exposure prophylaxis is employed to reduce risk...
November 7, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
keyword
keyword
52778
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"