keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

encephalitis children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078864/human-herpesviruses-6-and-7-encephalitis-in-immunocompetent-infants-are-they-really-so-uncommon
#1
L Marseglia, S Manti, G D Angelo, G Stroscio, D Impollonia, S Arena, C Salpietro, E Gitto
Human herpesviruses-6 and -7 (HHV-6 and 7) are considered uncommon causes of central nervous system infection and may occasionally cause encephalitis in young infants, however, the clinical syndrome and incidence are not well defined. In immunosuppressed hosts, reactivation is associated with a worse outcome such as encephalitis, hepatitis, or graft rejection. In immunocompetent hosts, this persistent infection is generally of no consequence. We report 4 cases of immunocompetent critically ill children, affected by HHV-6 and -7 encephalitis, admitted to our Pediatric Intensive Care Unit...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072958/-investigation-on-immunization-program-coverage-rate-and-its-safety-in-children-with-tuberous-sclerosis
#2
Y Gao, L P Zou, M N Zhang, L Y Pang, Y Y Wang, S F Ma, L L Huang
Objective: To investigate the status of immunization of National Immunization Program (NIP) and its adverse reaction rate in children with tuberous sclerosis. Method: Questionnaire survey was adopted to identify the vaccination coverage and its adverse events; 72 cases of children with tuberous sclerosis and 78 normal controls (healthy children completing age-appropriate NIP) admitted to Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital from December 2014 to November 2015 were involved into this study. Result: The age-appropriate NIP coverage rate of tuberous sclerosis was 36%(26/72)...
January 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071799/seroepidemiological-and-phylogenetic-characterisation-of-neurotropic-enteroviruses-in-ireland-2005-2014
#3
Jorge Abboud Guerra, Allison Waters, Alison Kelly, Ursula Morley, Paul O'Reilly, Edwin O'Kelly, Jonathan Dean, Robert Cunney, Piaras O'Lorcain, Suzanne Cotter, Jeff Connell, Joanne O'Gorman, William W Hall, Michael Carr, Cillian F De Gascun
Enteroviruses (EVs) are associated with a broad spectrum of clinical presentation, including aseptic meningitis (AM), encephalitis, hand, foot and mouth disease, acute flaccid paralysis and acute flaccid myelitis. Epidemics occur sporadically and are associated with increased cases of AM in children. The present study describes the seroepidemiological analysis of circulating EVs in Ireland from 2005-2014 and phylogenetic characterisation of echovirus 30 (E-30), enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) and enterovirus D68 (EV-D68)...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069071/sporadic-cases-of-adult-measles-a-research-article
#4
Ranjan Premaratna, Nathasha Luke, Harsha Perera, Mahesh Gunathilake, Pubudu Amarasena, T G A Nilmini Chandrasena
BACKGROUND: Measles caused by a paramyxovirus, characterized by fever, malaise, cough, coryza conjunctivitis, a maculopapular rash is known to result in pneumonia, encephalitis and death. Fatal cases of measles in Sri Lanka are rare after implementation of the National Immunization Programme in 1984. Thereafter 0.1% case fatality rate was observed during October 1999-June 2000 which is a very low figure compared to other regional countries. Immunization guidelines were further revised in 2001, 2011 and in 2012 when additional immunization was recommended to age group 4-21 years; who are likely to have inadequate immunization, in order to achieve elimination of Measles by 2020...
January 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056277/-direct-medical-costs-and-influencing-factors-in-severe-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-in-children-aged-between-six-months-and-five-years-old
#5
Y M Zheng, J Yang, Q H Liao
Objective: To estimate the direct medical cost of severe hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in patients aged less than five years. Methods: A stratified sampling method was used to collect data on severe HFMD cases reported in the National HFMD surveillance database between Jan 1, 2012, and Dec 31, 2013. The sampling was referenced with the national aetiologic distribution of Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71), Coxsackievirus A16 (CV-A16) and other Enteroviruses (OEV) for severe HFMD cases and the included cases were distributed among seven geographic regions (Northeast, North China, Northwest, Central China, Southwest, East China and South China)...
January 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040316/ovarian-teratoma-development-after-anti-nmda-receptor-encephalitis-treatment
#6
Taku Omata, Kazuo Kodama, Yoshimi Watanabe, Yukiko Iida, Yoshiaki Furusawa, Akiko Takashima, Yukitoshi Takahashi, Hiroshi Sakuma, Keiko Tanaka, Katsunori Fujii, Naoki Shimojo
BACKGROUND: Anti-NMDA-R receptor encephalitis occurs predominantly in younger women and is often comorbid with ovarian teratoma, a feature that is often absent in children. Here, we report our experience with two pediatric patients, in whom no tumors were present during treatment for encephalitis, but in whom ovarian teratomas developed without encephalitis relapse after treatment was completed. CASES: Patient 1 was a 14-year-old girl who was diagnosed due to characteristic symptoms and anti-NMDA-R antibody...
December 28, 2016: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030526/long-term-immunogenicity-of-a-single-dose-of-japanese-encephalitis-chimeric-virus-vaccine-in-toddlers-and-booster-response-5-years-after-primary-immunization
#7
Pope Kosalaraksa, Veerachai Watanaveeradej, Chitsanu Pancharoen, Maria Rosario Capeding, Emmanuel Feroldi, Alain Bouckenooghe
BACKGROUND: Japanese encephalitis (JE) is an important mosquito-borne viral disease that is endemic in Asia, Western Pacific countries, and Northern Australia. Although there is no antiviral treatment, vaccination is effective in preventing this disease. METHODS: We followed a cohort of 596 children for 5 years after primary vaccination at 12-18 months of age with JE chimeric virus vaccine (JE-CV; IMOJEV) in a multicenter, phase III trial in Thailand and the Philippines to assess antibody persistence and safety...
December 27, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018466/a-young-child-of-anti-nmda-receptor-encephalitis-presenting-with-epilepsia-partialis-continua-the-first-pediatric-case-in-korea
#8
Eun-Hee Kim, Yeo Jin Kim, Tae-Sung Ko, Mi-Sun Yum, Jun Hwa Lee
Anti-N-methyl D-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis, recently recognized as a form of paraneoplastic encephalitis, is characterized by a prodromal phase of unspecific illness with fever that resembles a viral disease. The prodromal phase is followed by seizures, disturbed consciousness, psychiatric features, prominent abnormal movements, and autonomic imbalance. Here, we report a case of anti-NMDAR encephalitis with initial symptoms of epilepsia partialis continua in the absence of tumor. Briefly, a 3-year-old girl was admitted to the hospital due to right-sided, complex partial seizures without preceding febrile illness...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017557/epileptic-phenotypes-electroclinical-features-and-clinical-characteristics-in-17-children-with-anti-nmdar-encephalitis
#9
E Haberlandt, M Ensslen, U Gruber-Sedlmayr, B Plecko, M Brunner-Krainz, M Schimmel, S Schubert-Bast, U Neirich, H Philippi, G Kurleman, M Tardieu, G Wohlrab, I Borggraefe, K Rostásy
BACKGROUND: Anti-N-methyl d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is a rare disorder characterized by seizures, neuropsychiatric symptoms, dyskinesia and autonomic instability. OBJECTIVE: Aim of the present study was to evaluate the seizure phenotypes and electroencephalogram (EEG) features in children with anti-NMDAR encephalitis. METHODS: Seizure types, electroclinical features and clinical characteristics of 17 children with anti-NMDAR encephalitis were analysed in a retrospective case series from nine centres in Europe...
December 5, 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991656/the-neuropsychological-profile-of-children-with-basal-ganglia-encephalitis-a-case-series
#10
Chiara Pawela, Ruth K Brunsdon, Tracey A Williams, Melanie Porter, Russell C Dale, Shekeeb S Mohammad
Inflammatory basal ganglia encephalitis (BGE) is a rare but distinct entity of putative autoimmune aetiology, with specific basal ganglia inflammation and acute movement disorders. Unlike most brain injuries, BGE is a radiologically pure basal ganglia syndrome. The current study systematically describes the neuropsychological outcomes of four paediatric cases of BGE, and thus the neuropsychological outcomes of focal basal ganglia insult in childhood. Although all patients made significant motor recoveries, all four cases displayed executive dysfunction, fine motor difficulties, and anxiety...
December 19, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974125/-clinical-features-of-mild-encephalitis-encephalopathy-with-a-reversible-splenial-lesion-in-children
#11
Yin Liu, Guang-Min Li, Shu-Hua Li, Xiao-Qing Wang, Su-Rong Li, Jing Zhang, Hong-Fang Wang, Bao-Dong Pang, Jia-Hua Wu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical features of mild encephalitis/encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion (MERS) in children. METHODS: The clinical data of 8 children with MERS were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: The mean age of onset was 5 years and 2 months (range 10 months to 12 years). The major clinical features included a history of prodromal infection, and among these children, 5 had pyrexia and 4 had vomiting. Of all the children, 6 were manifested as convulsion and 3 each were manifested as disturbance of consciousness and paroxysmal paropsia...
December 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966268/ophthalmological-findings-in-children-with-encephalitis
#12
Kerstin Hellgren, Åsa Fowler, Agneta Rydberg, Ronny Wickström
PURPOSE: To evaluate ophthalmological abnormalities in children with acute encephalitis. METHODS: Thirty-six children included in a hospital-based prospectively and consecutively collected cohort of children with acute encephalitis were investigated for ophthalmological abnormalities. The investigation included clinical ophthalmological examination, fundus photography, neuro-ophthalmological examinations as well as visual and stereo acuity. Results on laboratory examinations, clinical findings, neuroimaging and electroencephalography registrations were recorded for all children...
February 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940684/cytokine-elevation-in-sudden-death-with-respiratory-syncytial-virus-a-case-report-of-2-children
#13
Yu Kakimoto, Yoshihisa Seto, Eriko Ochiai, Fumiko Satoh, Motoki Osawa
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common viral cause of bronchiolitis and pneumonia in young children worldwide. Premature birth, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, congenital heart disease, and Down syndrome are risk factors for high mortality and prolonged morbidity after RSV infection. Conversely, many previously healthy, full-term children are also admitted to the hospital because of RSV, and some of them experience severe sequelae or die due to the virus. Various complications of RSV infection have been reported, such as encephalopathy, encephalitis, and cardiomyopathy...
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919115/febrile-infection-related-epilepsy-syndrome-clinical-review-and-hypotheses-of-epileptogenesis
#14
Andreas van Baalen, Annamaria Vezzani, Martin Häusler, Gerhard Kluger
Febrile infection-related epilepsy syndrome (FIRES, AERRPS, or DESC) is one of the most severe, mostly irreversible, and presumably immune-mediated epileptic encephalopathies affecting healthy children. Refractory status epilepticus or a cluster of seizures start a few days after the onset of an acute febrile illness; however, encephalitis cannot be proved. Sequelae of FIRES are drug-resistant epilepsy and neuropsychological impairments occurring without latency. Clinical knowledge is limited because FIRES is sporadic and extremely rare...
December 5, 2016: Neuropediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913754/neurological-manifestations-in-children-with-dengue-fever-an-indian-perspective
#15
Archan Sil, Tamoghna Biswas, Moumita Samanta, Mithun Chandra Konar, Arun Kumar De, Jasodhara Chaudhuri
Ours was a descriptive observational cross-sectional study carried out in a tertiary care hospital in eastern India over a period of one year to study the profile of neurological involvement in paediatric dengue patients. Of 71 laboratory-confirmed cases, 20 (28.17%) had neurological involvement. Common forms observed were acute encephalopathy (40%), encephalitis (30%), pure motor weakness (15%), transverse myelitis (5%), acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (5%) and Guillain-Barré syndrome (5%). The dengue IgM antibody could be detected in the cerebrospinal fluid of only two patients with encephalitis...
December 2, 2016: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903416/post-licensure-phase-iv-safety-study-of-a-live-attenuated-japanese-encephalitis-recombinant-vaccine-in-children-in-thailand
#16
Tawee Chotpitayasunondh, Pornpimol Pruekprasert, Thanyawee Puthanakit, Chitsanu Pancharoen, Auchara Tangsathapornpong, Peninnah Oberdorfer, Pope Kosalaraksa, Olarn Prommalikit, Suwimon Tangkittithaworn, Phirangkul Kerdpanich, Chonnamet Techasaensiri, Joanna Korejwo, Sunate Chuenkitmongkol, Guy Houillon
BACKGROUND: Japanese encephalitis is a mosquito-borne viral disease endemic in most countries in Asia. A recombinant live, attenuated Japanese encephalitis virus vaccine, JE-CV, is licensed in 14 countries, including Thailand, for the prevention of Japanese encephalitis in adults and children. METHODS: This was a prospective, phase IV, open-label, multicentre, safety study of JE-CV conducted from November 2013 to April 2015, to evaluate rare serious adverse events (AEs)...
January 5, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893696/molecular-epidemiological-study-of-enteroviruses-associated-with-encephalitis-in-children-from-hangzhou-china
#17
Wei Li, Zhang Qiong, Shen Xiao-Ting, Liu Yu-Jie, Mao Jian-Hua, Shu Qiang, Shang Shi-Qiang
Enterovirus (EV) has over 100 serotypes of species A-D, which can cause various symptoms in infants. Enterovirus encephalitis (EVE) is serve disease with high morbidity and mortality in children. To well define the epidemiology of EVE, we wanted to know more about EV and EV molecular typing by conducting this study in Hangzhou.Cerebrospinal fluid samples were collected from children with diagnosis of encephalitis. Meanwhile, one-step real-time RT-PCR was used for the detection of EV, and we also identified the serotypes of EV by using gene sequencing of VP1 or 5'UTR region...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886400/review-of-the-aetiology-diagnostics-and-outcomes-of-childhood-encephalitis-from-1970-2009
#18
Ronny Wickström, Åsa Fowler, Gordana Bogdanovic, Rutger Bennet, Margareta Eriksson
AIM: Encephalitis is a rare, serious condition and anti-viral therapies, increased knowledge of inflammatory pathways and improved diagnostics have increased the therapeutic possibilities. We describe 40 years of childhood encephalitis in Sweden, covering the diagnostics, aetiology and outcomes. METHODS: We reviewed the clinical data that was available for all children discharged from the Karolinska University Hospital in Stockholm following treatment for encephalitis from 1970-2009...
November 25, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876900/the-common-zoonotic-protozoal-diseases-causing-abortion
#19
REVIEW
Raafat Mohamed Shaapan
Toxoplasmosis, neosporosis, sarcosporidiosis (sarcocystosis) and trypanosomiasis are the common zoonotic protozoal diseases causing abortion which caused by single-celled protozoan parasites; Toxoplasma gondii, Neospora caninum, Sarcocystis spp and Trypanosoma evansi, respectively. Toxoplasmosis is generally considered the most important disease that causing abortion of both pregnant women and different female animals throughout the world, about third of human being population had antibodies against T. gondii...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856098/gastric-perforation-and-critical-illness-polyneuropathy-after-steroid-treatment-in-a-patient-with-encephalitis-encephalopathy-with-transient-splenial-lesion
#20
Mitsuru Ikeno, Shinpei Abe, Hirokazu Kurahashi, Michihiko Takasu, Toshiaki Shimizu, Akihisa Okumura
The outcome of mild encephalitis/encephalopathy with reversible splenial lesion (MERS) is favorable whether or not specific treatment is performed. We report a patient with MERS treated with methylprednisolone, complicated by gastric perforation followed by critical illness polyneuropathy. The patient was a 14-year-old male with mildly impaired consciousness and hyponatremia who was treated with methylprednisolone pulse therapy. High fever appeared after methylprednisolone pulse therapy and free air was recognized on an abdomen roentgenogram...
November 14, 2016: Brain & Development
keyword
keyword
52770
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"