keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

encephalitis children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718234/paediatrics-brain-imaging-in-epilepsy-common-presenting-symptoms-and-spectrum-of-abnormalities-detected-on-mri
#1
Azmat Ali, Faiza Akram, Ghayyur Khan, Shaukat Hussain
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy, a common neurological disorder can present at any age and has a number of aetiologies with underlying brain disease being the most common aetiology. Brain imaging becomes important and mandatory in the work up for epilepsy in localization and lateralization of the seizure focus. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the department of Radiology Ayub Medical Teaching Institution Abbottabad from 1st March 2015 to 31st March 2016...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714494/computerized-axial-tomography-findings-in-children-with-afebrile-seizures-a-hospital-based-study-at-eastern-nepal
#2
P Poudel, M K Gupta, S P Kafle
BACKGROUND: Computerized Tomography can be performed in resource limited areas where Magnetic Resonance Imaging is less practical. This study was conducted to find out the proportion of cases with abnormal CT scan and findings of CT scan in children with afebrile seizures in a resource limited area. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted from 1st July 2009 to 31st March 2014 in a university hospital of Nepal. Patients (1 month to 20 years of age) presenting with history of afebrile seizure were included...
January 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708054/the-p-gene-of-rodent-brain-adapted-measles-virus-plays-a-critical-role-in-neurovirulence
#3
Tetsuro Arai, Yuri Terao-Muto, Shotaro Uchida, Che Lin, Tomoyuki Honda, Akiko Takenaka, Fusako Ikeda, Hiroki Sato, Misako Yoneda, Chieko Kai
In rare cases, measles virus (MV) in children leads to fatal neurological complications such as primary measles encephalitis, post-acute measles encephalitis, subacute sclerosing panencephalitis and measles inclusion-body encephalitis. To investigate the pathogenesis of MV-induced encephalitis, rodent brain-adapted MV strains CAM/RB and CAMR40 were generated. These strains acquired mutations to adapt to the rodent brain during 40 passages in rat brain. However, it is still unknown which genes confer the neurovirulence of MV...
July 15, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705180/etiology-and-prognosis-of-acute-viral-encephalitis-and-meningitis-in-chinese-children-a-multicentre-prospective-study
#4
Junhong Ai, Zhengde Xie, Gang Liu, Zongbo Chen, Yong Yang, Yuning Li, Jing Chen, Guo Zheng, Kunling Shen
BACKGROUND: In China, there were few studies about the pathogens of acute viral encephalitis and meningitis in children in recent years. The aims of this study were to characterize the etiology and prognosis of acute viral encephalitis and meningitis in Chinese children. METHODS: This was a multicentre prospective study. Two hundred and sixty one viral encephalitis patients and 285 viral meningitis patients were enrolled. The mean age of viral encephalitis and meningitis were 5...
July 14, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697163/utility-of-lumbar-puncture-in-children-presenting-with-status-epilepticus
#5
Kenneth A Michelson, Todd W Lyons, Kara B Johnson, Lise E Nigrovic, Marvin B Harper, Amir A Kimia
OBJECTIVES: Because meningitis may trigger seizures, we sought to determine its frequency in children with first-time status epilepticus (SE). METHODS: We performed a retrospective cross-sectional study of children aged 1 month to 21 years who presented to a single pediatric emergency department between 1995 and 2012 with SE and who had a lumbar puncture (LP) performed as part of the diagnostic evaluation. We defined bacterial meningitis as a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) culture positive for a bacterial pathogen or CSF pleocytosis (CSF white blood cells ≥10 cells/mm) with a blood culture positive for a bacterial pathogen...
July 11, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692640/congenital-toxoplasmosis-in-austria-prenatal-screening-for-prevention-is-cost-saving
#6
Andrea-Romana Prusa, David C Kasper, Larry Sawers, Evelyn Walter, Michael Hayde, Eileen Stillwaggon
BACKGROUND: Primary infection of Toxoplasma gondii during pregnancy can be transmitted to the unborn child and may have serious consequences, including retinochoroiditis, hydrocephaly, cerebral calcifications, encephalitis, splenomegaly, hearing loss, blindness, and death. Austria, a country with moderate seroprevalence, instituted mandatory prenatal screening for toxoplasma infection to minimize the effects of congenital transmission. This work compares the societal costs of congenital toxoplasmosis under the Austrian national prenatal screening program with the societal costs that would have occurred in a No-Screening scenario...
July 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664704/human-infections-caused-by-free-living-amoebae
#7
REVIEW
Katarzyna Król-Turmińska, Alina Olender
[b]Abstract Introduction[/b]. Among free-living amoebae that are widely distributed in nature only four genera/species are known as agents of human infections:[i] Acanthamoeba spp., Naegleriafowleri, Balamuthia mandrillaris[/i] and[i] Sappiniapedata[/i]. These amoebae are not well adapted to parasitism, and could exist in the human environment without the need for a host. Infections due to these amoebae, despite low morbidity, are characterized by relatively high mortality rate and pose serious clinical problems...
May 11, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655493/eeg-with-extreme-delta-brush-in-young-female-with-methotrexate-neurotoxicity-supports-nmda-receptor-involvement
#8
Lisbeth Samsø Schmidt, Troels W Kjær, Kjeld Schmiegelow, Alfred Peter Born
Sub-acute neurotoxicity is a well-known complication to high-dose and intrathecal methotrexate (MTX) treatment of children with leukemia. Symptoms can be treated safely by dextromethorphan, a non-competitive antagonist to N-methyl-D-aspartic acid receptor (NMDAR). In a female with subacute MTX neurotoxicity, we observed an electroencephalographic (EEG) with extreme delta brush. Extreme delta brush is an EEG pattern previously described in patients with NMDAR autoimmune encephalitis. The observations suggest that the mechanism of this neurotoxicity may be mediated by the NMDAR...
June 15, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654561/influenza-associated-encephalitis-encephalopathy-identified-by-the-australian-childhood-encephalitis-study-2013-2015
#9
Philip N Britton, Russell C Dale, Christopher C Blyth, Kristine Macartney, Nigel Crawford, Helen Marshall, Julia Clark, Elizabeth Elliott, Richard I Webster, Allen C Cheng, Robert Booy, Cheryl A Jones
BACKGROUND: Influenza associated encephalitis/encephalopathy (IAE) is an important cause of acute encephalitis syndrome in children. IAE includes a series of clinico-radiologic syndromes or acute encephalopathy syndromes that have been infrequently reported outside East Asia. We aimed to describe case of IAE identified by the Australian Childhood Encephalitis study. METHODS: Children ≤14 years of age with suspected encephalitis were prospectively identified in 5 hospitals in Australia...
June 24, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646959/is-chickenpox-so-bad-what-do-we-know-about-immunity-to-varicella-zoster-virus-and-what-does-it-tell-us-about-the-future
#10
Anne A Gershon
Varicella and zoster continue to cause significant morbidity and even mortality in children and adults. Complications include bacterial superinfection, central nervous system manifestations such as meningitis, encephalitis, and cerebellar ataxia, and pain syndromes especially post herpetic neuralgia. Many developed countries but not all, are now administering live attenuated varicella vaccine routinely, with a decrease in the incidence of disease, providing personal and herd immunity. There is some controversy, however, in some countries concerning whether a decrease in the circulation of wild type virus will result in loss of immunity to VZV in persons who have already had varicella...
June 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634356/an-outbreak-of-echovirus-18-encephalitis-meningitis-in-children-in-hebei-province-china-2015
#11
Xiangpeng Chen, Jingjie Li, Jiayun Guo, Wenbo Xu, Suzhen Sun, Zhengde Xie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627763/suspected-methadone-toxicity-from-hospital-to-autopsy-bed
#12
Jaber Gharehdaghi, Asieh Takalloo-Bakhtiari, Hossein Hassanian-Moghaddam, Nasim Zamani, Mohammad-Javad Hedayatshode
High mortality rates have been reported for methadone in both adults and children. We aimed to determine the pattern of toxicity, possible underlying diseases and treatment challenges in patients referred to our center with early diagnosis of methadone toxicity and who later died. Medical files of all methadone-poisoned patients who had been admitted to a referral center of toxicology between March 2011 and March 2016, died during the hospital stay and sent for autopsy to Legal Medicine Organization were retrospectively evaluated...
June 19, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621671/association-study-of-inflammatory-cytokine-and-chemokine-expression-in-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease
#13
Wenzhong Shang, Suying Qian, Lijuan Fang, Yong Han, Cuiping Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship of cytokine/chemokine expression with the clinical presentation of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD). RESULTS: All cytokine/chemokine levels were higher in severe HFMD patients than in mild HFMD patients or controls (P < 0.01). RANTES, MCP-1, IL-4, IL-12 and IL-18 levels were higher in mild HFMD patients than in the controls (P < 0.05). In severe HFMD, all levels (except IL-8 and IL-4) were higher in patients with encephalitis plus pulmonary edema than in those with encephalitis alone (P < 0...
June 2, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617265/a-case-of-fulminant-subacute-sclerosing-panencephalitis-presenting-with-acute-myoclonic-astatic-epilepsy
#14
Fabio Magurano, Gian Luca Marella, Antonella Marchi, Antonietta Filia, Luigi Tonino Marsella, Saverio Potenza, Roberto Massa, Paola Bucci, Melissa Baggieri, Loredana Nicoletti
The neurologic sequelae post-measles are less common than other complications measles-related and can lead to severe disability or death: primary measles encephalitis (PME), acute post-infectious measles encephalomyelitis (APME), measles inclusion body encephalitis (MIBE), and subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE). SSPE syndrome can affect people years from the acute measles virus infection, as result of the persistence of defective viral particles in brain cells. Clinical onset typically manifests with progressive intellectual deterioration, behavioral changes, and myoclonic jerks...
April 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612538/-risk-factors-and-prognosis-of-secondary-epilepsy-in-children-with-viral-encephalitis
#15
Liang Huang, Dan Yu, Rong Luo, Min Li, Hui Zhou, Xiao-Tang Cai, Zhi-Ling Wang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical features of viral encephalitis in children at acute stage, and the relationship of these clinical features with post viral encephalitic epilepsy. METHODS: The children with viral encephalitis treated in West China Second University Hospital between January 2010 and January 2014 were enrolled. The clinical features included general conditions, clinical manifestations, video electroencephalogram (VEEG), neuroimaging, virology, prognosis and antiepileptic drugs...
March 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606234/-efficacy-and-safety-of-cyclophosphamide-as-a-sequential-immunotherapy-drug-for-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-in-children
#16
Wei-Wen Zhu, Wei-Ping Liao, Yong-Hong Yi, Xing-Wang Song
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of cyclophosphamide as a second-line drug in the treatment of children with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis. METHODS: Six children with anti-NMDAR encephalitis, who showed poor response to steroids and intravenous immunoglobulin, were given cyclophosphamide as a second-line immunotherapy. Follow-up was performed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of cyclophosphamide. RESULTS: After first-line immunotherapy for 1-4 weeks, the six patients had reduced psychiatric symptoms, seizures, and involuntary movements; three patients had an improved level of consciousness and were able to make simple conversations...
June 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594790/japanese-encephalitis-surveillance-and-immunization-asia-and-western-pacific-regions-2016
#17
James D Heffelfinger, Xi Li, Nyambat Batmunkh, Varja Grabovac, Sergey Diorditsa, Jayantha B Liyanage, Sirima Pattamadilok, Sunil Bahl, Kirsten S Vannice, Terri B Hyde, Susan Y Chu, Kimberley K Fox, Susan L Hills, Anthony A Marfin
Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus is the most important vaccine-preventable cause of encephalitis in the Asia-Pacific region. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends integration of JE vaccination into national immunization schedules in all areas where the disease is a public health priority (1). This report updates a previous summary of JE surveillance and immunization programs in Asia and the Western Pacific in 2012 (2). Since 2012, funding for JE immunization has become available through the GAVI Alliance, three JE vaccines have been WHO-prequalified,* and an updated WHO JE vaccine position paper providing guidance on JE vaccines and vaccination strategies has been published (1)...
June 9, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592296/pigsties-near-dwellings-as-a-potential-risk-factor-for-the-prevalence-of-japanese-encephalitis-virus-in-adult-in-shanxi-china
#18
Xiaojie Ren, Shihong Fu, Peifang Dai, Huanyu Wang, Yuanyuan Li, Xiaolong Li, Wenwen Lei, Xiaoyan Gao, Ying He, Zhi Lv, Jingxia Cheng, Guiqin Wang, Guodong Liang
BACKGROUND: The increasing trend of adult cases of Japanese encephalitis (JE) in China, particularly in northern China, has become an important public health issue. We conducted an epidemiological investigation in the south of Shanxi Province to examine the relationships between mosquitoes, Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), and adult JE cases. METHODS: Mosquito specimens were collected from the courtyards of farmers' households and pig farms in Shanxi Province...
June 8, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587430/the-role-and-mechanism-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-in-viral-encephalitis-of-children
#19
Dongli Zhang, Nuo Zheng, Xiaoming Liu
The aim of this study was to analyze the concentration changes of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and the related inflammatory factors of pre-treatment and post-treatment in children with viral encephalitis, to examine the mechanism of NF-κB in the pathogenesis of child viral encephalitis. Twenty-two children with severe viral encephalitis, 13 children with mild viral encephalitis and 12 normal children, who were treated in our hospital, were randomly selected. Before and after treatment, the concentrations of inflammation-related factors in serum including interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were detected by ELISA and comparative analysis were performed...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574016/coverage-missed-opportunity-for-japanese-encephalitis-vaccine-gorakhpur-division-uttar-pradesh-india-2015-implications-for-japanese-encephalitis-control
#20
Manoj V Murhekar, Chinmay Oak, Prashant Ranjan, K Kanagasabai, Satish Shinde, Ashok Kumar Pandey, Mahima Mittal, Milind Gore, Sanjay M Mehendale
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Japanese encephalitis (JE) is an important aetiology of acute encephalitis syndrome in Gorakhpur division, Uttar Pradesh, India. Two doses of JE vaccine ( first during 9-12 months and second during 16-24 months of age) are administered under the Universal Immunization Programme. We conducted surveys to estimate the coverage of JE vaccine and magnitude of missed opportunity for vaccination (MoV) for JE in Gorakhpur division. METHODS: To estimate the JE vaccine coverage, cluster surveys were conducted in four districts of Gorakhpur division by selecting 30 clusters by probability proportional to size method in each district, seven children aged 25-36 months were selected from each cluster and their mothers were interviewed about JE vaccination...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
keyword
keyword
52770
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"