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Anesthesia epidural

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162501/comparison-of-the-effects-of-local-anesthesia-and-epidural-anesthesia-for-percutaneous-transforaminal-endoscopic-discectomy-in-elderly-patients-over-65-years-old
#1
Yanjie Zhu, Yongzhao Zhao, Guoxin Fan, Guangfei Gu, Shiyu Sun, Shuo Hu, Shisheng He
BACKGROUND: sLocal anesthesia (LA) is recommended for percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy (PTED) but clinical practice indicates that LA cannot achieve satisfactory pain management during PTED. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to investigate the comparisons between LA and EA for PTED in elderly population over 65 years old. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of patients over 65 years old received PTED from May 2013 to December 2014...
November 18, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159929/s100%C3%AE-in-newborns-after-c-section-with-general-vs-epidural-anesthesia-a-prospective-observational-study
#2
Z Xu, Z Liu, Y Zhang, C Jin, F Shen, Y Yu, T Cheek, O Onuoha, G Liang, R Month, J Atkins, K M Tran, H Wei
BACKGROUND: Preclinical evidence suggests that general anesthetics can dose dependently induce neurodegeneration in the developing brains of animals which can be reliably determined by measurement of blood S100β, but this correlation remains unclear in humans. We hypothesized that S100β would not be increased in cord arterial blood of fetuses exposed briefly to general anesthetics during a C-section, compared with epidural anesthesia. METHODS: A prospective observational clinical study comparatively measured changes of brain damage biomarker S100β ratio of umbilical artery over vein (changes after fetus circulation) immediately after delivery under C-section with either epidural or general anesthesia...
November 20, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158097/a-novel-minimally-invasive-treatment-strategy-for-acute-traumatic-epidural-hematoma-endovascular-embolization-combined-with-drainage-surgery-and-use-of-urokinase
#3
Yuhui Zhang, Qiang Li, Rui Zhao, Zhigang Yang, Yanan Li, Weijie Min, Zhijian Yue, Jianmin Liu
BACKGROUND: Hematoma evacuation is regular treatment for acute traumatic epidural hematoma (ATEDH) patients meeting with surgery indications. However, it is an invasive approach performed under general anesthesia. Here, a novel minimally invasive method of endovascular embolization with subsequent drainage surgery and use of urokinase was established to treat ATEDH under local anesthesia. METHODS: a novel minimally invasive method of endovascular embolization with subsequent drainage surgery and use of urokinase was established to treat ATEDH under local anesthesia...
November 17, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156486/-update-in-obstetric-anesthesia-tried-and-trusted-methods-controversies-and-new-perspectives
#4
Peter Kranke, Thorsten Annecke, Dorothee H Bremerich, Daniel Chappell, Thierry Girard, Wiebke Gogarten, Robert Hanß, Lutz Kaufner, Sophie Neuhaus, Tobias Ninke, Thomas Standl, Stefan Weber, Yvonne Jelting, Thomas Volk
Since 1975, a plethora of lectures within the context of annual meetings relevant for the clinical care has been summarized in "what's new in obstetric anesthesia" by the society for Obstetric anesthesia and Perinatology which can be recommended to everyone interested in anaesthesiology in the delivery room. After the death of Gerard W. Ostheimer, Professor of Anaesthesiology at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, it became renamed the Gerard W. Ostheimer "what's new in obstetric anesthesia" lecture to honor his contributions to regional anesthesia and obstetric anaesthesia...
November 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148250/ipsilateral-shoulder-pain-in-patients-following-lung-resection-in-the-decubitus-position
#5
Takae Bando, Kazuya Kondo, Chiemi Onishi, Koichiro Kajiura, Hiromitsu Takizawa, Kazuyo Yamada, Hiromi Sato, Yoshie Imai
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the frequency, influencing factors, and clinical course of shoulder pain in patients following lung resection. BACKGROUND: Thoracoscopes have been introduced in the surgical treatment of lung cancer, and allow for less invasive surgery with a minimal incision. However, decubitus position-related shoulder pain on the operated side has not yet been investigated. DESIGN: A longitudinal descriptive study...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145824/observations-on-significant-hemodynamic-changes-caused-by-a-high-concentration-of-epidurally-administered-ropivacaine-correlation-and-prediction-study-of-stroke-volume-variation-and-central-venous-pressure-in-thoracic-epidural-anesthesia
#6
Jeong-Min Hong, Hyeon Jeong Lee, Young-Jae Oh, Ah Rhem Cho, Hyae Jin Kim, Do-Won Lee, Wang-Seok Do, Jae-Young Kwon, Haekyu Kim
BACKGROUND: Thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA) exacerbates hypotension due to peripheral vasodilator effects following the use of general anesthetics. This study aimed to compare the hemodynamic changes caused by three different concentrations of epidural ropivacaine and to evaluate the performance of the stroke-volume variation (SVV) and central venous pressure (CVP) during TEA with general anesthesia. METHODS: A total of 120 patients were administered 8 mL of ropivacaine solution via epidural injection, following randomization into one of three groups based on the concentration of ropivacaine in the study solution: 0...
November 16, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141373/-a-concentration-response-observation-of-hydromorphone-combined-with-ropivacaine-in-labor-analgesia
#7
Y Y Lu, H Huang, W L Mao, R H Liu, M J Hu, L X Shao, M P Hu, J Li
Objective: To investigate the median effective dose (ED(50)) of hydromorphone and the appropriate concentration of ropivacaine combined with hydromorphone in epidural labor analgesia. Methods: One hundred and forty nulliparous women undergoing labor selected for delivery with epidural analgesia were enrolled in our hospital from January to June 2016. The first of top 50 women received 0.12% ropivacaine plus 20 μg/ml hydromorphone complex solution, then sequential women were used the modified sequential method to determine the ED(50) and ED(95) of hydromorphone...
November 14, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135475/using-activity-trackers-to-quantify-postpartum-ambulation-a-prospective-observational-study-of-ambulation-after-regional-anesthesia-and-analgesia-interventions
#8
Julia Ma, Rachel Martin, Bokman Chan, Michael Gofeld, Michael P Geary, John G Laffey, Faraj W Abdallah
BACKGROUND: Early postoperative ambulation is associated with enhanced functional recovery, particularly in the postpartum population, but ambulation questionnaires are limited by recall bias. This observational study aims to objectively quantify ambulation after neuraxial anesthesia and analgesia for cesarean delivery and vaginal delivery, respectively, by using activity tracker technology. The hypothesis was that vaginal delivery is associated with greater ambulation during the first 24 h postdelivery, compared to cesarean delivery...
November 14, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109653/combined-spinal-epidural-anesthesia-for-cesarean-section-in-a-parturient-with-congenitally-corrected-transposition-of-the-great-arteries
#9
Mohamed Mohamed Tawfik, Helmi Hafez, Mostafa Abdelkhalek, Nasser Sameh Allakkany
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108403/epidemiology-of-septic-meningitis-associated-with-neuraxial-anesthesia-a-historical-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Andres Zorrilla-Vaca, Ryan J Healy, Lucia Rivera-Lara, Michael C Grant, Lisa L Maragakis, Kevin Escandón-Vargas, Marek A Mirski
BACKGROUND: Neuraxial anesthesia in the form of spinal and epidural are two of the most frequent forms of regional anesthesia. We aimed to describe and compare the relevant epidemiological, clinical and microbiological characteristics of all reported cases of septic meningitis associated with the use of spinal and epidural anesthetics. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of septic meningitis associated with neuraxial anesthesia. We included all relevant case-reports and observational studies in which authors described septic meningitis in association with spinal, epidural or combined neuraxial anesthesia using local anesthetics...
November 6, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107311/the-use-of-remifentanil-as-the-primary-agent-for-analgesia-in-parturients
#11
REVIEW
Bryan Anderson
Pain control in parturients can be particularly challenging for the hospital staff. To achieve optimal outcomes in anesthesia patients, it is important to consider multiple options for pain control, especially when traditional options pose a problem or are not options. In particular, there are parturient clients for whom the use of neuraxial anesthesia (epidural and spinal blockade) is not an option. One option that warrants consideration for patient centered anesthesia practice is the use of remifentanil.
December 2017: Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099429/the-society-for-obstetric-anesthesia-and-perinatology-consensus-statement-on-the-anesthetic-management-of-pregnant-and-postpartum-women-receiving-thromboprophylaxis-or-higher-dose-anticoagulants
#12
Lisa Leffert, Alexander Butwick, Brendan Carvalho, Katherine Arendt, Shannon M Bates, Alex Friedman, Terese Horlocker, Timothy Houle, Ruth Landau, Heloise Dubois, Roshan Fernando, Tim Houle, Sandra Kopp, Douglas Montgomery, Joseph Pellegrini, Richard Smiley, Paloma Toledo
Venous thromboembolism is recognized as a leading cause of maternal death in the United States. Thromboprophylaxis has been highlighted as a key preventive measure to reduce venous thromboembolism-related maternal deaths. However, the expanded use of thromboprophylaxis in obstetrics will have a major impact on the use and timing of neuraxial analgesia and anesthesia for women undergoing vaginal or cesarean delivery and other obstetric surgeries. Experts from the Society of Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology, the American Society of Regional Anesthesia, and hematology have collaborated to develop this comprehensive, pregnancy-specific consensus statement on neuraxial procedures in obstetric patients receiving thromboprophylaxis or higher dose anticoagulants...
November 1, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095302/spontaneous-spinal-epidural-hematomas-one-case-report-and-rehabilitation-outcome
#13
Hang Xian, Li-Wei Xu, Cong-Han Li, Jian-Ming Hao, Wei-Xia Wan, Guo-Dong Feng, Ke-Jian Lian, Lin Li
RATIONALE: Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is a relatively rare but potentially disabling disease, and the classical presentation of it includes an acute onset of severe, sometimes radiating back or neck pain, followed by signs and symptoms of rapidly evolving nerve root or spinal cord compression. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here, we report a 26-year-old female patient presented with weakness in bilateral lower extremities, progressing to intense paraplegia and anesthesia without recent medical history of trauma, infection, surgery, or drug use...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095263/ed50-of-intrathecal-ropivacaine-for-cesarean-section-under-prophylactic-infusion-of-phenylephrine-a-consort-study
#14
Wangping Zhang, Hanbin Wu
BACKGROUND: Studies have reported that prophylactic continuous infusion of phenylephrine during spinal anesthesia for cesarean section can decrease the spread of local anesthetics. We investigated the ED50 of intrathecal hyperbaric ropivacaine in parturient women undergoing cesarean section under prophylactic infusion of phenylephrine. METHODS: Sixty parturient women were allocated into 2 groups in this prospective study. Group P received 0.5 mL kg h of phenylephrine (5 mg/50 mL) at the start of intrathecal injection, and Group C (control group) received the same volume of saline...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084192/transient-left-ventricular-dysfunction-due-to-coronary-spasm-after-spinal-anesthesia-with-bupivacaine-a-case-report
#15
Waldemar Elikowski, Małgorzata Małek-Elikowska, Marek Słomczyński, Karolina Horbacka, Jarosław Bartkowski, Bartosz Kalawski
Bupivacaine is a long-acting local anesthetic (LA) used for cutaneous infiltration, peripheral nerve blocks, epidural and spinal anesthesia. However, its application may result in cardiovascular complications such as: hypotension, bradycardia, cardiac arrest and toxic myocardial injury. The authors describe a 53-year-old male with a history of cigarette smoking, admitted for an elective inguinal hernia surgery. Before surgery, the patient received subarachnoid injection of bupivacaine (20 mg). After the operation, he developed transient hypotension...
October 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080306/retrospective-analysis-of-obstetric-and-anesthetic-management-of-patients-with-placenta-accreta-spectrum-disorders
#16
Efrain Riveros-Perez, Cristina Wood
OBJECTIVE: To assess the management and maternal outcomes of placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorders. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted of patients diagnosed with PAS disorders (placenta creta, increta, or percreta) who were treated at a US tertiary care center between February 1, 2011, and January 31, 2016. Obstetric management, anesthetic management, and maternal outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 43 cases were identified; placenta previa was diagnosed among 33 (77%)...
October 28, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079570/thoracic-epidural-anesthesia-can-be-effective-for-the-short-term-management-of-ventricular-tachycardia-storm
#17
Duc H Do, Jason Bradfield, Olujimi A Ajijola, Marmar Vaseghi, John Le, Siamak Rahman, Aman Mahajan, Akihiko Nogami, Noel G Boyle, Kalyanam Shivkumar
BACKGROUND: Novel therapies aimed at modulating the autonomic nervous system, including thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA), have been shown in small case series to be beneficial in treating medically refractory ventricular tachycardia (VT) storm. However, it is not clear when these options should be considered. We reviewed a multicenter experience with TEA in the management of VT storm to determine its optimal therapeutic use. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data for 11 patients in whom TEA was instituted for VT storm between July 2005 and March 2016 were reviewed to determine the clinical characteristics, outcomes, and role in management...
October 27, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077615/the-effect-of-adding-subarachnoid-epinephrine-to-hyperbaric-bupivacaine-and-morphine-for-repeat-cesarean-delivery-a-double-blind-prospective-randomized-control-trial
#18
Daniel Katz, Joshua Hamburger, David Gutman, Ryan Wang, Hung-Mo Lin, Michael Marotta, Jeffrey Zahn, Yaakov Beilin
BACKGROUND: Spinal anesthesia has become the most common type of anesthetic for cesarean delivery. The major limitation to spinal anesthesia is that the duration of the anesthetic may not be adequate in the event of a prolonged surgery. Some practitioners add epinephrine to hyperbaric bupivacaine to increase the duration, although its effect has not been fully studied. We therefore aimed to evaluate whether adding epinephrine to the spinal medication prolongs the duration of action of the resultant block in women presenting for repeat cesarean delivery...
October 26, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073508/lower-limbs-venous-compression-reduces-the-incidence-of-maternal-hypotension-following-epidural-analgesia-during-term-labor
#19
Violaine Peyronnet, Arnaud Roses, Aude Girault, Marie Pierre Bonnet, Francois Goffinet, Vassilis Tsatsaris, Edouard Lecarpentier
OBJECTIVE(S): Every year in France, 10% to 20% of the 600 000 women given epidural analgesia during labor experience hypotension, which in 15% of cases is associated with fetal heart rate abnormalities. The efficiency of lower limbs venous compression in preventing the occurrence of maternal hypotension after neuraxial anesthesia has already been demonstrated, but only in the context of scheduled cesarean section. We assessed the preventive effect of medical lower limbs venous compression on the incidence of maternal hypotension after epidural analgesia during spontaneous term labor...
October 16, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071370/determination-of-the-median-effective-dose-ed50-of-bupivacaine-and-ropivacaine-unilateral-spinal-anesthesia-prospective-double-blinded-randomized-dose-response-trial
#20
WeiBing Wang, YuanHai Li, AiJiao Sun, HongPing Yu, JingChun Dong, Huang Xu
BACKGROUND: Unilateral spinal anesthesia (USpA) has been reported to potentiate spinal anaesthesia and is used in geriatric patients. The purpose of this study was to determine the median effective dose (ED50) of 0.5% hypobaric bupivacaine and 0.5% hypobaric ropivacaine USpA for geriatric patients (age ≥ 70 years) undergoing elective hip replacement surgery. METHODS: A total of 60 geriatric patients (age ≥ 70 years) undergoing elective hip replacement surgery were enrolled in this study...
October 25, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
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