keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Crash 3

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424128/analysis-of-all-terrain-vehicle-trauma-data-implications-for-increased-regulation-and-injury-prevention
#1
Cathy V Ho, James R Dunne, Wesley R Stroud, Alvaro H Fonseca, Frank E Davis, William J Bromberg
To determine the incidence and severity of all-terrain vehicle crashes (ATVCs) compared with motorcycle crashes (MCCs) in all critically injured patients. Prospective data were retrospectively reviewed on 1840 patients involved in ATVCs and MCCs admitted to a rural level one trauma center over 16 years. ATVC patients (n = 655) were younger (25 vs 38, P < 0.0001), more likely female (20% vs 11%, P < 0.001), less severely injured (13.5 vs 16, P < 0.0001), had similar Glasgow Coma Score (13.3 vs 13.4, p = NS), less helmet use (6% vs 69%, P < 0...
April 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419017/the-evaluation-of-trauma-care-the-comparison-of-2-high-level-pediatric-emergency-departments-in-the-united-states-and-turkey
#2
Alkan Bal, Michael Cooper, Amanda Lee, Murat Anil, Halim Hennes
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study is to compare the outcomes of pediatric trauma patients with motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) and motor vehicle versus pedestrian crashes (MPCs) at a level 1 pediatric trauma center in the United States and a pediatric trauma center in Turkey. METHODS: The medical records of all pediatric MVC and MPC subjects presenting to the emergency departments (EDs) of a level 3 hospital in Turkey (Izmir Tepecik Training and Research Hospital [ITTRH]) and a level 1 pediatric trauma center in the United States (Children's Medical Center Dallas [CMCD]) over a 1-year period were reviewed...
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417459/does-obesity-complicate-regional-anesthesia-and-result-in-longer-decision-to-delivery-time-for-emergency-cesarean-section
#3
A J Väänänen, J P Kainu, H Eriksson, M Lång, A Tekay, J Sarvela
BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity can cause problems with anesthesia and surgery which may be reflected in emergency cesarean sections (CS) as an increased decision-to-delivery interval (DDI). AIM: To study the association of elevated maternal BMI with DDI and the failure of regional anesthesia. METHODS: Eight hundred and forty-two consecutive emergency CSs during a period of 1 year in a tertiary hospital were studied retrospectively. DDIs were analyzed in Crash and < 30-min urgency categories (n = 528), while the time required to establish regional anesthesia and its success were analyzed for all emergency CS cases...
April 17, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414584/screening-commercial-vehicle-drivers-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-tools-barriers-and-recommendations
#4
Kelly A Evans, Tracey Yap, Barbara Turner
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a disorder characterized by a cessation of breathing during sleep, leading to poor sleep patterns and daytime somnolence. Daytime somnolence is of particular concern for commercial vehicle drivers, whose crash risk increases 50% with untreated OSA. The process of diagnosing and treating OSA in commercial drivers begins with effective and consistent screening. Therefore, the researchers screened drivers with both the STOP-Bang Questionnaire and the Obstructive Sleep Apnea Evaluation Worksheet (OSAEW) and compared the two tools...
April 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408102/exploring-data-sources-for-road-traffic-injury-in-cameroon-collection-and-completeness-of-police-records-newspaper-reports-and-a-hospital-trauma-registry
#5
Catherine Juillard, Marquise Kouo Ngamby, Martin Ekeke Monono, Georges Alain Etoundi Mballa, Rochelle A Dicker, Kent A Stevens, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: Road traffic injury surveillance systems are a cornerstone of organized efforts at injury control. Although high-income countries rely on established trauma registries and police databases, in low- and middle-income countries, the data source that provides the best collection of road traffic injury events in specific low- and middle-income country contexts without mature surveillance systems is unclear. The objective of this study was to compare the information available on road traffic injuries in 3 data sources used for surveillance in the sub-Saharan African country of Cameroon, providing potential insight on data sources for road traffic injury surveillance in low- and middle-income countries...
April 10, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386782/a-comparative-study-of-intermaxillary-fixation-screws-and-noncompression-miniplates-in-the-treatment-of-mandibular-fractures-a-prospective-clinical-study
#6
Osasuyi Anslem, Okoturo Eyituoyo, Ogunbanjo V Olabode, Olaitan A Ademola, Ayodele O Adesina
BACKGROUND: The main goal of treatment of mandibular fractures is to restore normal dental occlusion and promote appropriate bone healing and a normal mouth opening. Recently, there has been a resurgent interest in the use of screws for intermaxillary fixation of mandibular fractures. This study was therefore designed to determine how the clinical outcomes of the use of screws for intermaxillary fixation compare with the use of miniplates in the treatment of mandibular fractures in Nigeria...
April 6, 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384074/risk-of-serious-injury-of-occupants-involved-in-frontal-crashes-of-cab-over-type-trucks
#7
Hyeok-Jin Jeon, Sang-Chul Kim, Jae-Ho Shin, Jae-Yoon Jeong, Kang-Hyun Lee, Hee-Young Lee, Ho-Joong Kim
OBJECTIVES: Truck vehicles (TVs) have a different structure and stiffness from non-TV and are used commercially for transporting goods. This study aimed to analyze whether truck occupants have a greater risk of serious injury than those of other types of vehicles. METHODS: Crash data were obtained from the Korean In-depth Data Analysis Study (KIDAS) for calendar years 2011-2016. Vehicles involved in frontal crash were included and classified into TVs and non-TVs (passenger cars and sports utility vehicles)...
April 6, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384071/estimate-of-mortality-reduction-with-implementation-of-advanced-automatic-collision-notification
#8
Ellen Lee, Jingshu Wu, Thomas Kang, Matthew Craig
OBJECTIVE: Advanced Automatic Collision Notification (AACN) is a system on a motor vehicle that notifies a Public Safety Answering Point (PSAP), either directly or through a third party that the vehicle has had a crash. AACN systems enable earlier notification of a motor vehicle crash and provide an injury prediction that can help dispatchers and first responders make better decisions about how and where to transport the patient, thus getting the patient to definitive care sooner. The purpose of the current research is to identify the target population that could benefit from AACN, and develop a reasonable estimate range of potential lives saved with implementation of AACN within the vehicle fleet...
April 6, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382259/traumatic-tension-pneumocephalus-two-cases-and-comprehensive-review-of-literature
#9
REVIEW
Promod Pillai, Rohit Sharma, Larami MacKenzie, Eugene F Reilly, Paul R Beery, Thomas J Papadimos, Stanislaw Peter A Stawicki
Although traumatic pneumocephalus is not uncommon, it rarely evolves into tension pneumocephalus (TP). Characterized by the presence of increasing amounts of intracranial air and concurrent appearance or worsening neurological symptoms, TP can be devastating if not recognized and treated promptly. We present two cases of traumatic TP and a concise review of literature on this topic. Two cases of traumatic TP are presented. In addition, a literature search revealed 20 additional cases, of which 18 had sufficient information for inclusion...
January 2017: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367591/depression-antidepressants-and-driving-safety
#10
REVIEW
Linda L Hill, Vanessa L Lauzon, Elise L Winbrock, Guohua Li, Stanford Chihuri, Kelly C Lee
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to review to review the reported associations of depression and antidepressants with motor vehicle crashes. PURPOSE: A literature search for material published in the English language between January, 1995, and October, 2015, in bibliographic databases was combined with a search for other relevant material referenced in the retrieved articles. METHODS: Retrieved articles were systematically reviewed for inclusion criteria: 19 epidemiological studies (17 case-control and 2 cohort studies) fulfilled the inclusion criteria by estimating the crash risk associated with depression and/or psychotropic medications in naturalistic settings...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363517/assessment-of-mechanism-type-and-severity-of-injury-in-multiple-trauma-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-of-a-trauma-center-in-iran
#11
Hamidreza Reihani, Hossein Pirazghandi, Ehsan Bolvardi, Mohsen Ebrahimi, Elham Pishbin, Koorosh Ahmadi, Mahdi Safdarian, Soheil Saadat, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar
PURPOSE: To accurately assess the mechanism, type and severity of injury in Iranian multiple trauma patients of a trauma center. METHODS: Patients with multiple traumas referring to the emergency department of Hasheminejad University Hospital in Mashhad, Iran, entered this cross sectional study from March 2013 to December 2013. All the patients with injury severity score (ISS) > 9 were included in this study. Data analysis was performed by SPSS software (Version 11...
April 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363171/severe-soft-tissue-injuries-of-the-upper-extremity-in-motor-vehicle-crashes-involving-partial-ejection-the-protective-role-of-side-curtain-airbags
#12
Robert Kaufman, Laura Fraade-Blanar, Angelo Lipira, Jeffrey Friedrich, Eileen Bulger
INTRODUCTION: Partial ejection (PE) of the upper extremity (UE) can occur in a motor vehicle crash (MVC) resulting in complex and severe soft tissue injuries (SSTI). This study evaluated the relationship between partial ejection and UE injuries, notably SSTIs, in MVCs focusing on crash types and characteristics, and further examined the role of side curtain airbags (SCABs) in the prevention of partial ejection and reducing SSTI of the UE. METHODS: Weighted data was analyzed from the National Automotive Sampling System Crashworthiness Data System (NASS-CDS) from 1993 to 2012...
March 28, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358798/screening-for-excessive-alcohol-use-and-brief-counseling-of-adults-17-states-and-the-district-of-columbia-2014
#13
Lela R McKnight-Eily, Catherine A Okoro, Roberto Mejia, Clark H Denny, John Higgins-Biddle, Dan Hungerford, Dafna Kanny, Joseph E Sniezek
Excessive and/or risky alcohol use* resulted in $249 billion in economic costs in 2010 (1) and >88,000 deaths in the United States every year from 2006 to 2010 (2). It is associated with birth defects and disabilities (e.g., fetal alcohol spectrum disorders [FASDs]), increases in chronic diseases (e.g., heart disease and breast cancer), and injuries and violence (e.g., motor vehicle crashes, suicide, and homicide).(†) Since 2004, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has recommended alcohol misuse screening and brief counseling (also known as alcohol screening and brief intervention or ASBI) for adults aged ≥18 years (3)...
March 31, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356173/management-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-commercial-motor-vehicle-operators-recommendations-of-the-aasm-sleep-and-transportation-safety-awareness-task-force
#14
Indira Gurubhagavatula, Shannon Sullivan, Amy Meoli, Susheel Patil, Ryan Olson, Michael Berneking, Nathaniel F Watson
The American Academy of Sleep Medicine Sleep and Transportation Safety Awareness Task Force responded to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration and Federal Railroad Administration Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking and request for public comments regarding the evaluation of safety-sensitive personnel for moderate-to-severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The following document represents this response. The most salient points provided in our comments are that (1) moderate-to-severe OSA is common among commercial motor vehicle operators (CMVOs) and contributes to an increased risk of crashes; (2) objective screening methods are available and preferred for identifying at-risk drivers, with the most commonly used indicator being body mass index; (3) treatment in the form of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is effective and reduces crashes; (4) CPAP is economically viable; (5) guidelines are available to assist medical examiners in determining whether CMVOs with moderate-to-severe OSA should continue to work without restrictions, with conditional certification, or be disqualified from operating commercial motor vehicles...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340317/opportunities-for-crash-and-injury-reduction-a-multi-harm-approach-for-crash-data-analysis
#15
Ann Mallory, Allison Kender, Kevin Moorhouse
OBJECTIVE: A multi-harm approach for analyzing crash and injury data was developed for the ultimate purpose of getting a richer picture of motor vehicle crash outcomes identifying research opportunities in crash safety. METHODS: Methods were illustrated using a retrospective analysis of 69,597 occupant cases from NASS CDS (National Automotive Sampling System Crashworthiness Data System) from 2005 to 2015. Occupant cases were analyzed by frequency and severity of outcome: fatality, injury by AIS (Abbreviated Injury Scale), number of cases, attributable fatality, disability, and injury costs...
March 24, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338711/the-effects-of-age-on-crash-risk-associated-with-driver-distraction
#16
Feng Guo, Sheila G Klauer, Youjia Fang, Jonathan M Hankey, Jonathan F Antin, Miguel A Perez, Suzanne E Lee, Thomas A Dingus
Background: Driver distraction is a major contributing factor to crashes, which are the leading cause of death for the US population under 35 years of age. The prevalence of secondary-task engagement and its impacts on distraction and crashes may vary substantially by driver age. Methods: Driving performance and behaviour data were collected continuously using multiple cameras and sensors in situ for 3542 participant drivers recruited for up to 3 years for the Second Strategic Highway Research Program Naturalistic Driving Study...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338614/unintentional-injuries-and-violence-among-adults-in-northern-jordan-a-hospital-based-retrospective-study
#17
Manal M Alzghoul, Mohammed K Shakhatreh, Nihaya Al-Sheyab
Injuries (unintentional and intentional) are the main cause of death and disability worldwide, including Jordan. The main purpose of this hospital-based retrospective study was to identify characteristics, causes, and risk factors of unintentional injuries and violence among all adult patients who approached the Accidents and Emergency department because of injury in Northern Jordan. Data were collected retrospectively from four major hospitals from January 2008 to January 2013. A total of 2425 Jordanian individuals who accessed and were treated by the four hospitals were included in this study...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337710/high-efficient-n-butanol-production-by-co-culturing-clostridium-acetobutylicum-and-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-integrated-with-butyrate-fermentative-supernatant-addition
#18
Hongzhen Luo, Qingwei Zeng, Shuo Han, Zhaoyu Wang, Qing Dong, Yanhong Bi, Yuping Zhao
Butanol is not only an important chemical intermediate and solvent in pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries, but also considered as an advanced biofuel. Although species of the natural host Clostridium have been engineered, butanol titers in the anaerobe seem to be limited by its intolerance to butanol less than 13 g/L. Here we aimed to develop a technology for enhancing butanol production by a co-culture system with butyrate fermentative supernatant addition. First, when adding 4.0 g/L butyrate into the acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation broth with single-shot at 24 h, the "acid crash" phenomenon occurred and the ABE fermentation performance deteriorated...
April 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332867/age-related-changes-in-thoracic-skeletal-geometry-of-elderly-females
#19
Sven A Holcombe, Stewart C Wang, James B Grotberg
OBJECTIVE: Both females and the elderly have been identified as vulnerable populations with increased injury and mortality risk in multiple crash scenarios. Particularly in frontal impacts, older females show higher risk to the chest and thorax than their younger or male counterparts. Thoracic geometry plays a role in this increase, and this study aims to quantify key parts of that geometry in a way that can directly inform human body models that incorporate the concept of person age...
March 23, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332855/occupant-to-occupant-contact-injury-in-motor-vehicle-crashes
#20
David C Viano, Chantal S Parenteau
OBJECTIVE: This is a descriptive study of the frequency and risk of occupant-to-occupant contact injury by crash type and occupant age. It focused on rear impacts because of a recent Senate inquiry. METHODS: 1994-2013 NASS-CDS data was used to investigate the effects of occupant-to-occupant contact on the risk of serious-to-fatal injury (AIS 3+) by crash type and age group. NASS-CDS in-depth cases were analyzed to identify crash circumstances for AIS 3+ occupant-to-occupant contact injury in rear crashes...
March 23, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
keyword
keyword
52763
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"