keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Crash 3

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548921/repeatability-testing-of-a-new-hybrid-iii-6-year-old-atd-lower-extremity
#1
Laura C Boucher, Yeonsu Ryu, Yun-Seok Kang, John H Bolte
OBJECTIVE: Vehicle safety is improving, thus decreasing the number of life-threatening injuries and increasing the need for research in other areas of the body. The current child anthropomorphic test device (ATD) does not have the capabilities or instrumentation to measure many of the potential interactions between the lower extremity and the vehicle interior. A prototype Hybrid III 6-year-old ATD lower extremity (ATD-LE) was developed and contains a tibia load cell and a more biofidelic ankle...
May 29, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548919/a-novel-method-for-quanitifying-comfort-in-child-passengers-demonstrates-an-association-between-child-restraint-comfort-and-errors-in-use-of-booster-seats
#2
Cameron K Fong, Lynne E Bilston, Gunther Paul, Julie Brown
OBJECTIVE: Misuse of child restraint systems is a widespread and long-standing problem impacting risk of injury and death in car crashes. Discomfort has been suggested as a causative factor for misuse, particularly in errors introduced by children while they use the restraints. However, the relationship between comfort and errors in use has never been studied. In this study we examine the reliability and sensitivity of a newly developed observational method for assessing comfort in children in vehicles...
May 29, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540393/computed-tomography-scans-of-the-head-for-adult-patients-with-minor-head-injury-are-clinical-decision-rules-a-necessary-evil
#3
Desmond Wei Tan, Annabelle Mei En Lim, Daniel Yuxuan Ong, Li Lee Peng, Yiong Huak Chan, Irwani Ibrahim, Win Sen Kuan
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate compliance with and performance of the Canadian Computed Tomography Head Rule (CCHR), and its applicability in the local adult population with minor head injury. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of consecutive patients who presented to the adult emergency department (ED) with minor head injury over six months. Data on predictor variables indicated in the CCHR was collected and compliance with the CCHR assessed by comparing the recommendations for head computed tomography (CT) scans to its actual usage...
May 25, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533863/management-and-outcome-of-traumatic-brain-injury-patients-at-muhimbili-orthopaedic-institute-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#4
Respicious Boniface, Edwin Rwebugisa Lugazia, Abel Mussa Ntungi, Othman Kiloloma
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain Injuries represents a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and road traffic crashes accounts for a significant proportion of these injuries. However, access to neurosurgical care is poor in low income countries like Tanzania. The aim of this study was to assess the management and outcome of Traumatic brain injury patients at a tertiary level health facility in Tanzania. METHODS: A retrospective observational study of Traumatic brain injury patients attended at Muhimbili Orthopedic Institute between January 2014 and June 2014...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512475/risk-factors-for-road-traffic-injuries-among-different-road-users-in-the-gambia
#5
Edrisa Sanyang, Corinne Peek-Asa, Paul Bass, Tracy L Young, Babanding Daffeh, Laurence J Fuortes
We identified risk factors for road traffic injuries among road users who received treatment at two major trauma hospitals in urban Gambia. The study includes pedestrians, bicyclists, motorcyclists, and drivers/passengers of cars and trucks. We examined distributions of injury by age, gender, collision vehicle types and vehicle category, and driver and environment factors. Two hundred and fifty-four patients were included in the study. Two-thirds were male and one-third female. Two-thirds (67%) of road traffic injuries involved pedestrians, bicyclists, and motorcyclists; and these were more common during weekdays (74%) than weekends...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507999/risk-factors-of-road-traffic-accidents-associated-mortality-in-northern-iran-a-single-center-experience-utilizing-oaxaca-blinder-decomposition
#6
Faranak Sherafati, Enayatollah Homaie-Rad, Abolhassan Afkar, Ramin Gholampoor-Sigaroodi, Soheil Sirusbakht
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the differences in death after receiving emergency services in traffic accidents between urban and rural regions, and decompose factors of the gap in Langerood, Northern Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Langrood, Northern Iran during a 1-year period from 2013 to 2014. The hospital data of traffic crashes were used. Data contained those patients who survived at the scene of accident. Injury severity score, time to admission, age, gender, season of crash and type of collision were variables used in this study...
April 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499141/can-vehicle-longitudinal-jerk-be-used-to-identify-aggressive-drivers-an-examination-using-naturalistic-driving-data
#7
Fred Feng, Shan Bao, James R Sayer, Carol Flannagan, Michael Manser, Robert Wunderlich
This paper investigated the characteristics of vehicle longitudinal jerk (change rate of acceleration with respect to time) by using vehicle sensor data from an existing naturalistic driving study. The main objective was to examine whether vehicle jerk contains useful information that could be potentially used to identify aggressive drivers. Initial investigation showed that there are unique characteristics of vehicle jerk in drivers' gas and brake pedal operations. Thus two jerk-based metrics were examined: (1) driver's frequency of using large positive jerk when pressing the gas pedal, and (2) driver's frequency of using large negative jerk when pressing the brake pedal...
May 9, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470459/a-finite-element-model-of-the-foot-ankle-to-evaluate-injury-risk-in-various-postures
#8
Chris Smolen, Cheryl E Quenneville
The foot/ankle complex is frequently injured in many types of debilitating events, such as car crashes. Numerical models used to assess injury risk are typically minimally validated and do not account for ankle posture variations that frequently occur during these events. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a finite element model of the foot and ankle accounting for these positional changes. A model was constructed from computed tomography scans of a male cadaveric lower leg and was evaluated by comparing simulated bone positions and strain responses to experimental results at five postures in which fractures are commonly reported...
May 3, 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464812/predictors-of-seeking-financial-compensation-following-motor-vehicle-trauma-inception-cohort-with-moderate-to-severe-musculoskeletal-injuries
#9
Darnel Murgatroyd, Ian A Harris, Jian Sheng Chen, Sam Adie, Rajat Mittal, Ian D Cameron
BACKGROUND: Compensation related factors have been repeatedly associated with poor recovery following orthopaedic trauma. There is limited research into the factors associated with seeking financial compensation. Further understanding of these factors could facilitate injury recovery by purposeful compensation scheme design. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictors of seeking financial compensation, namely making a claim and seeking legal representation, following motor vehicle related orthopaedic trauma...
May 2, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463528/understanding-the-context-of-alcohol-impaired-driving-for-fatal-crash-involved-drivers-a-descriptive-case-analysis
#10
Lisa Wundersitz, Simon Raftery
OBJECTIVE: To understand the social context and circumstances surrounding alcohol impaired driving prior to fatal crash involvement for drivers with an illegal blood alcohol concentration (BAC ≥0.05g/100 ml or 0.00g/100 ml for restricted licence holders). METHODS: Coroner's case reports investigating fatal crashes in South Australia over a three year period (2008-2010) were examined. The personal and crash characteristics of drivers with an illegal BAC were compared with those who had a legal BAC...
May 2, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454874/raising-the-speed-limit-from-75-to-80mph-on-utah-rural-interstates-effects-on-vehicle-speeds-and-speed-variance
#11
Wen Hu
INTRODUCTION: In November 2010 and October 2013, Utah increased speed limits on sections of rural interstates from 75 to 80mph. Effects on vehicle speeds and speed variance were examined. METHODS: Speeds were measured in May 2010 and May 2014 within the new 80mph zones, and at a nearby spillover site and at more distant control sites where speed limits remained 75mph. Log-linear regression models estimated percentage changes in speed variance and mean speeds for passenger vehicles and large trucks associated with the speed limit increase...
June 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454865/the-impact-of-the-2007-graduated-driver-licensing-law-in-massachusetts-on-the-rate-of-citations-and-licensing-in-teenage-drivers
#12
Christopher DePesa, Toby Raybould, Shelley Hurwitz, Jarone Lee, Alice Gervasini, George C Velmahos, Peter T Masiakos, Haytham M A Kaafarani
OBJECTIVE: We recently demonstrated that the 2007 Massachusetts Graduated Driving Licensing (GDL) law decreased the rate of motor vehicle crashes in teenage drivers. To better understand this decrease, we sought to examine the law's impact on the issuance of driving licenses and traffic citations to teenage drivers. METHODS: Citation and license data were obtained from the Massachusetts Department of Transportation. Census data were obtained from the Census Data Center...
June 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452289/road-traffic-injury-among-child-motorcyclists-in-vientiane-capital-laos-a-cross-sectional-study-using-a-hospital-based-injury-surveillance-database
#13
Tomoki Wada, Shinji Nakahara, Bouasone Bounta, Kheuamai Phommahaxay, Vanhnasith Phonelervong, Sysavanh Phommachanh, Mayfong Mayxay, Tavanh Manivong, Phisith Phoutsavath, Masao Ichikawa, Akio Kimura
This study investigated the distribution of motorcyclists, including drivers and passengers, who were involved in road traffic crashes and admitted to hospital in Vientiane Capital, Laos. The focus was on child motorcycle drivers and passengers under 15 years. A hospital-based injury surveillance database in Vientiane Capital was used. The surveillance was performed in two hospitals. From 1 September to 31 December 2009, 3968 patients were admitted to the participating hospitals with road traffic injuries. Patients under 15 years accounted for 10...
June 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451067/prolonged-grief-depression-and-posttraumatic-stress-in-disaster-bereaved-individuals-latent-class-analysis
#14
Lonneke I M Lenferink, Jos de Keijser, Geert E Smid, A A A Manik J Djelantik, Paul A Boelen
Background: Hundreds of individuals lost one or more significant others in the MH17 plane crash in 2014 in Ukraine. The current study is the first to explore subgroups of disaster-bereaved individuals based on presence of psychopathology clusters. This may inform the development of diagnostic instruments and tailored interventions. Objective: Aims of the current study were to examine (1) subgroups based on presence of prolonged grief disorder (PGD), major depressive disorder (MDD), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom clusters and (2) associations between class membership, disaster-related variables (i...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436738/brainstem-injury-in-motor-vehicle-crashes
#15
David C Viano, Chantal S Parenteau
OBJECTIVE: This is a descriptive study of the frequency and risk for brainstem injury by crash type, belt use and crash severity (delta V). NASS-CDS electronic cases were reviewed to see if the transition from vehicles without advanced airbags and seatbelts, side airbags and curtains to vehicles with the safety technologies has influenced the risk for brainstem injury. METHODS: 1994-2013 NASS-CDS was analyzed to determine the number of brainstem injuries in non-ejected adults (15+ year old) in vehicle crashes...
March 1, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436731/fatal-and-serious-collisions-involving-pedal-cyclists-and-trucks-in-london-between-2007-and-2011
#16
Rachel Talbot, Steve Reed, Nicola Christie, Jo Barnes, Pete Thomas
OBJECTIVE: Increased numbers of people riding pedal cycles have led to a greater focus on pedal cycle safety. The aim of this article is to explore factors that are associated with fatal and a small number of serious-injury pedal cyclist crashes involving trucks that occurred in London between 2007 and 2011. METHODS: Data were collected from police collision files for 53 crashes, 27 of which involved a truck (≥3.5 tonnes) and a pedal cycle. A systematic case review approach was used to identify the infrastructure, vehicle road user, and management factors that contributed to these crashes and injuries and how these factors interacted...
February 8, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424128/analysis-of-all-terrain-vehicle-trauma-data-implications-for-increased-regulation-and-injury-prevention
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Cathy V Ho, James R Dunne, Wesley R Stroud, Alvaro H Fonseca, Frank E Davis, William J Bromberg
To determine the incidence and severity of all-terrain vehicle crashes (ATVCs) compared with motorcycle crashes (MCCs) in all critically injured patients. Prospective data were retrospectively reviewed on 1840 patients involved in ATVCs and MCCs admitted to a rural level one trauma center over 16 years. ATVC patients (n = 655) were younger (25 vs 38, P < 0.0001), more likely female (20% vs 11%, P < 0.001), less severely injured (13.5 vs 16, P < 0.0001), had similar Glasgow Coma Score (13.3 vs 13.4, p = NS), less helmet use (6% vs 69%, P < 0...
April 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419017/the-evaluation-of-trauma-care-the-comparison-of-2-high-level-pediatric-emergency-departments-in-the-united-states-and-turkey
#18
Alkan Bal, Michael Cooper, Amanda Lee, Murat Anil, Halim Hennes
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study is to compare the outcomes of pediatric trauma patients with motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) and motor vehicle versus pedestrian crashes (MPCs) at a level 1 pediatric trauma center in the United States and a pediatric trauma center in Turkey. METHODS: The medical records of all pediatric MVC and MPC subjects presenting to the emergency departments (EDs) of a level 3 hospital in Turkey (Izmir Tepecik Training and Research Hospital [ITTRH]) and a level 1 pediatric trauma center in the United States (Children's Medical Center Dallas [CMCD]) over a 1-year period were reviewed...
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417459/does-obesity-complicate-regional-anesthesia-and-result-in-longer-decision-to-delivery-time-for-emergency-cesarean-section
#19
A J Väänänen, J P Kainu, H Eriksson, M Lång, A Tekay, J Sarvela
BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity can cause problems with anesthesia and surgery which may be reflected in emergency cesarean sections (CS) as an increased decision-to-delivery interval (DDI). AIM: To study the association of elevated maternal BMI with DDI and the failure of regional anesthesia. METHODS: Eight hundred and forty-two consecutive emergency CSs during a period of 1 year in a tertiary hospital were studied retrospectively. DDIs were analyzed in Crash and < 30-min urgency categories (n = 528), while the time required to establish regional anesthesia and its success were analyzed for all emergency CS cases...
April 17, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414584/screening-commercial-vehicle-drivers-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-tools-barriers-and-recommendations
#20
Kelly A Evans, Tracey Yap, Barbara Turner
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a disorder characterized by a cessation of breathing during sleep, leading to poor sleep patterns and daytime somnolence. Daytime somnolence is of particular concern for commercial vehicle drivers, whose crash risk increases 50% with untreated OSA. The process of diagnosing and treating OSA in commercial drivers begins with effective and consistent screening. Therefore, the researchers screened drivers with both the STOP-Bang Questionnaire and the Obstructive Sleep Apnea Evaluation Worksheet (OSAEW) and compared the two tools...
April 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
keyword
keyword
52763
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"