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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544141/assessing-the-pre-and-postpeak-phases-in-a-swallow-using-esophageal-pressure-topography
#1
Y Xiao, D A Carlson, Z Lin, N Rinella, D Sifrim, J E Pandolfino
BACKGROUND: The current paradigm of measuring esophageal contractile vigor assesses the entirety of a pressure wave using a single measurement, the distal contractile integral (DCI). We hypothesize that an assessment identifying separate phases of the contractile pressure wave before and after the pressure peak may help distinguish abnormalities in patients presenting with chest pain and dysphagia. The aim of the present study was to develop a technique to assess the individual phases and report on the values in healthy controls...
May 22, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544116/incidence-characteristics-and-outcome-of-solitary-plasmacytoma-and-plasma-cell-leukemia-population-based-data-from-the-swedish-myeloma-register
#2
Hareth Nahi, Anna Genell, Göran Wålinder, Katarina Uttervall, Gunnar Juliusson, Karin Forsberg, Markus Hansson, Ronald Svensson, Olle Linder, Kristina Carlson, Bo Björkstrand, Sigurdur Y Kristinsson, Ulf Henrik Mellqvist, Cecilie Blimark, Ingemar Turesson
Solitary plasmacytoma (SP) and Plasma cell leukemia (PCL) are uncommon (3-6%) types of plasma cell disease. The risk of progression to symptomatic multiple myeloma (MM) is probably important for the outcome of SP. PCL is rare and has a dismal outcome. In this study we report on incidence and survival in PCL/SP, and progression to MM in SP, using the prospective observational Swedish Multiple Myeloma Register designed to document all newly diagnosed plasma cell diseases in Sweden since 2008. Both solitary bone plasmacytoma (SBP), (n=124) and extramedullary plasmacytoma (EMP), (n=67) have better overall survival (OS) than MM (n=3549)...
May 22, 2017: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542321/early-protection-events-in-swine-immunized-with-an-experimental-live-attenuated-classical-swine-fever-marker-vaccine-flagt4g
#3
Lauren G Holinka, Vivian O'Donnell, Guillermo R Risatti, Paul Azzinaro, Jonathan Arzt, Carolina Stenfeldt, Lauro Velazquez-Salinas, Jolene Carlson, Douglas P Gladue, Manuel V Borca
Prophylactic vaccination using live attenuated classical swine fever (CSF) vaccines has been a very effective method to control the disease in endemic regions and during outbreaks in previously disease-free areas. These vaccines confer effective protection against the disease at early times post-vaccination although the mechanisms mediating the protection are poorly characterized. Here we present the events occurring after the administration of our in-house developed live attenuated marker vaccine, FlagT4Gv...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541737/book-review-therapy-over-50-aging-issues-in-psychotherapy-and-the-therapist-s-life-kottler-jeffrey-a-carlson-jon-new-york-oxford-university-press-2016
#4
Neil Raveen Jeyasingam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541487/tumor-progression-following-petroclival-meningioma-subtotal-resection-a-volumetric-study
#5
Jacob B Hunter, Brendan P O'Connell, Matthew L Carlson, Lola C Chambless, Robert J Yawn, Ray Wang, Akshitkumar Mistry, Reid C Thompson, Kyle D Weaver, George B Wanna
BACKGROUND: One study has investigated postoperative growth rates following subtotal resection of petroclival meningiomas utilizing linear measurements, which are insensitive to the multidimensional complex growth of meningiomas, to estimate tumor volume. OBJECTIVE: To describe petroclival meningioma growth patterns following less-than-complete resection utilizing volumetric analysis and to identify variables associated with tumor progression. METHODS: Patients with surgically resected WHO grade I petroclival meningiomas were retrospectively reviewed (1999-2015)...
May 24, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541137/clinical-use-of-continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#6
Anders L Carlson, Deborah M Mullen, Richard M Bergenstal
Hemoglobin A1c is an excellent population health measure for the risk of vascular complications in diabetes, while continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) is a tool to help personalize a diabetes treatment plan. The value of CGM in individuals with type 1 diabetes (T1D) has been well demonstrated when compared with utilizing self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) to guide treatment decisions. CGM is a tool for patients and clinicians to visualize the important role that diet, exercise, stress management, and the appropriate selection of diabetes medications can have in managing type 2 diabetes (T2D)...
May 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541054/review-of-teas-cocoa-and-coffee-plant-secondary-metabolites-and-health-teas-cocoa-and-coffee-plant-secondary-metabolites-and-health-edited-by-alan-crozier-hiroshi-ashihara-and-francisco-tom%C3%A3-s-barb%C3%A3-ran-john-wiley-sons-ltd-west-sussex-uk-2011-x-252-pp-228-18
#7
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538951/reflections-on-admissions-for-heart-and-social-system-failure
#8
Michelle D Carlson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538691/the-potential-cost-effectiveness-of-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-combined-with-hiv-vaccines-in-the-united-states
#9
Blythe J S Adamson, Josh J Carlson, James G Kublin, Louis P Garrison
This economic evaluation aims to support policy-making on the combined use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with HIV vaccines in development by evaluating the potential cost-effectiveness of implementation that would support the design of clinical trials for the assessment of combined product safety and efficacy. The target study population is a cohort of men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States. Policy strategies considered include standard HIV prevention, daily oral PrEP, HIV vaccine, and their combination...
May 24, 2017: Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538468/hearing-preservation-in-pediatric-cochlear-implantation
#10
Matthew L Carlson, Neil S Patel, Nicole M Tombers, Melissa D DeJong, Alyce I Breneman, Brian A Neff, Colin L W Driscoll
OBJECTIVE: Currently, there is a paucity of literature evaluating hearing preservation outcomes in children following cochlear implantation. The objective of the current study is to report pediatric hearing preservation results following cochlear implantation with conventional full-length electrodes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review (2000-2016). SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: All pediatric patients with a ≤ 75 dB preoperative low-frequency pure tone average (LFPTA; 250-500 Hz average), who underwent cochlear implantation with a conventional length electrode...
May 22, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534106/detection-and-prevalence-of-haemoproteus-archilochus-haemosporida-haemoproteidae-in-two-species-of-california-hummingbirds
#11
A C Bradshaw, L A Tell, H B Ernest, S Bahan, J Carlson, R N M Sehgal
Haemosporidian blood parasites are transmitted to a wide range of avian hosts via blood-sucking dipteran vectors. Microscopy has revealed an impressive diversity of avian haemosporidia with more than 250 species described. Moreover, PCR and subsequent sequence analyses have suggested a much greater diversity of haemosporidia than morphological analyses alone. Given the importance of these parasites, very few studies have focused on the charismatic hummingbirds. To date, three Haemoproteus species (Haemoproteus archilochus, Haemoproteus trochili, and Haemoproteus witti) and one Leucocytozoon species (Leucocytozoon quynzae) have been described in blood samples taken from hummingbirds (Trochilidae)...
May 22, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533691/microbiome-disruption-and-recovery-in-the-fish-gambusia-affinis-following-exposure-to-broad-spectrum-antibiotic
#12
Jeanette M Carlson, Annie B Leonard, Embriette R Hyde, Joseph F Petrosino, Todd P Primm
Antibiotics are a relatively common disturbance to the normal microbiota of humans and agricultural animals, sometimes resulting in severe side effects such as antibiotic-associated enterocolitis. Gambusia affinis was used as a vertebrate model for effects of a broad-spectrum antibiotic, rifampicin, on the skin and gut mucosal microbiomes. The fish were exposed to the antibiotic in the water column for 1 week, and then monitored during recovery. As observed via culture, viable counts from the skin microbiome dropped strongly yet returned to pretreatment levels by 1...
2017: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530411/the-legacy-of-early-childhood-violence-exposure-to-adulthood-intimate-partner-violence-variable-and-person-oriented-evidence
#13
Angela J Narayan, Madelyn H Labella, Michelle M Englund, Elizabeth A Carlson, Byron Egeland
This study examined prospective pathways from exposure to interparental violence (EIPV) during infancy (ages 0-24 months) and toddlerhood/preschool (ages 25-64 months) to intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration and victimization in adulthood (ages 23, 26, and 32 years) using 2 complementary approaches. Building on past findings, a variable-oriented approach was used to examine the effects of developmental timing of EIPV in infancy versus toddlerhood/preschool to IPV involvement in early adulthood, at age 23 years...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529223/apathy-and-type-2-diabetes-among-american-indians-exploring-the-protective-effects-of-traditional-cultural-involvement
#14
Amanda E Carlson, Benjamin D Aronson, Michael Unzen, Melissa Lewis, Gabrielle J Benjamin, Melissa L Walls
In this study we examine relationships between traditional cultural factors, apathy, and health-related outcomes among a sample of American Indian adults with type 2 diabetes. Participants completed cross-sectional interviewer-assisted paper and pencil surveys. We tested a proposed model using latent variable path analysis in order to understand the relationships between cultural participation, apathy, frequency of high blood sugar symptoms, and health-related quality of life. The model revealed significant direct effects from cultural participation to apathy, and apathy to both health-related outcomes...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528809/efficacy-of-sibling-preparation-classes
#15
Emma E A Beyers-Carlson, Brenda L Volling
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of sibling preparation classes to facilitate the adjustment of a firstborn child to the birth of a sibling. DESIGN: Longitudinal study with five measurement occasions: third trimester of the mother's pregnancy and 1, 4, 8, and 12 months after the sibling's birth. SETTING: Communities in southeastern Michigan. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 241 families, including mothers, fathers, and firstborn children...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524795/long-term-risk-of-recurrence-and-regrowth-after-gross-total-and-subtotal-resection-of-sporadic-vestibular-schwannoma
#16
Hirofumi Nakatomi, Jeffrey T Jacob, Matthew L Carlson, Shota Tanaka, Minoru Tanaka, Nobuhito Saito, Christine M Lohse, Colin L W Driscoll, Michael J Link
OBJECTIVE The management of vestibular schwannoma (VS) remains controversial. One commonly cited advantage of microsurgery over other treatment modalities is that tumor removal provides the greatest chance of long-term cure. However, there are very few publications with long-term follow-up to support this assertion. The purpose of the current study is to report the very long-term risk of recurrence among a large historical cohort of patients who underwent microsurgical resection. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who had undergone primary microsurgical resection of unilateral VS via a retrosigmoid approach performed by a single neurosurgeon-neurotologist team between January 1980 and December 1999...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523569/effect-of-age-on-breast-cancer-screening-using-tomosynthesis-in-combination-with-digital-mammography
#17
Elizabeth A Rafferty, Stephen L Rose, Dave P Miller, Melissa A Durand, Emily F Conant, Debra S Copit, Sarah M Friedewald, Donna M Plecha, Ingrid L Ott, Mary K Hayes, Kara L Carlson, Thomas M Cink, Lora D Barke, Linda N Greer, Loren T Niklason
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of tomosynthesis imaging as a function of age for breast cancer screening. METHODS: Screening performance metrics from 13 institutions were examined for 12 months prior to introduction of tomosynthesis (period 1) and compared to those after introduction of tomosynthesis (period 2, range 3-22 months). Screening metrics for women ages 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, and 70+ , included rates per 1000 screens for recalls, biopsies, cancers, and invasive cancers detected...
May 18, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521148/dual-task-interference-on-postural-sway-postural-transitions-and-gait-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-and-freezing-of-gait
#18
Ana Claudia de Souza Fortaleza, Martina Mancini, Patty Carlson-Kuhta, Laurie A King, John G Nutt, Eliane Ferrari Chagas, Ismael Forte Freitas, Fay B Horak
Freezing of gait (FoG) is associated with less automatic gait and more impaired cognition, balance and postural transitions compared to people with PD who do not have FoG. However, it is unknown whether dual-task cost during postural sway, postural transitions (such as gait initiation and turning), and gait are more in subjects with Parkinson's disease (PD) who have freezing of gait (FoG+) compared to those who do not have FoG (FoG-). Here, we hypothesized that the effects of a cognitive dual task on postural sway, postural transitions and gait would be larger in FoG+ than FoG-...
May 10, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520509/recent-advances-in-electrospun-nanofibers-for-wound-healing
#19
Shixuan Chen, Bing Liu, Mark A Carlson, Adrian F Gombart, Debra A Reilly, Jingwei Xie
Electrospun nanofibers represent a novel class of materials that show great potential in many biomedical applications including biosensing, regenerative medicine, tissue engineering, drug delivery and wound healing. In this work, we review recent advances in electrospun nanofibers for wound healing. This article begins with a brief introduction on the wound, and then discusses the unique features of electrospun nanofibers critical for wound healing. It further highlights recent studies that have used electrospun nanofibers for wound healing applications and devices, including sutures, multifunctional dressings, dermal substitutes, engineered epidermis and full-thickness skin regeneration...
May 18, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520493/increasing-walking-in-the-hartsfield-jackson-atlanta-international-airport-the-walk-to-fly-study
#20
Janet E Fulton, Ginny M Frederick, Prabasaj Paul, John D Omura, Susan A Carlson, Joan M Dorn
OBJECTIVES: To test the effectiveness of a point-of-decision intervention to prompt walking, versus motorized transport, in a large metropolitan airport. METHODS: We installed point-of-decision prompt signage at 4 locations in the airport transportation mall at Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport (Atlanta, GA) at the connecting corridor between airport concourses. Six ceiling-mounted infrared sensors counted travelers entering and exiting the study location...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
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