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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433090/neural-biomarker-and-early-temperament-predict-increased-internalizing-symptoms-after-a%C3%A2-natural-disaster
#1
Alexandria Meyer, Carla Kmett Danielson, Allison P Danzig, Vickie Bhatia, Sarah R Black, Evelyn Bromet, Gabrielle Carlson, Greg Hajcak, Roman Kotov, Daniel N Klein
OBJECTIVE: Although most people will experience a traumatic event at some point in their life, only some will develop significant psychological symptoms in the aftermath. In the current study, we use a preexisting longitudinal study located in Long Island to examine the impact of Hurricane Sandy on internalizing symptoms in a large sample of children. We focused on temperamental fear and a biomarker of risk for anxiety, the error-related negativity (ERN). The ERN is a negative deflection in the event-related potential (ERP) occurring when individuals make mistakes and is increased in anxious individuals...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432837/identifying-genetic-sources-of-phenotypic-heterogeneity-in-orofacial-clefts-by-targeted-sequencing
#2
Jenna C Carlson, Margaret A Taub, Eleanor Feingold, Terri H Beaty, Jeffrey C Murray, Mary L Marazita, Elizabeth J Leslie
BACKGROUND: Orofacial clefts (OFCs), including nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL/P), are common birth defects. NSCL/P is highly heterogeneous with multiple phenotypic presentations. Two common subtypes of NSCL/P are cleft lip (CL) and cleft lip with cleft palate (CLP) which have different population prevalence. Similarly, NSCL/P can be divided into bilateral and unilateral clefts, with unilateral being the most common. Individuals with unilateral NSCL/P are more likely to be affected on the left side of the upper lip, but right side affection also occurs...
April 22, 2017: Birth Defects Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430168/classical-swine-fever-an-updated-review
#3
REVIEW
Sandra Blome, Christoph Staubach, Julia Henke, Jolene Carlson, Martin Beer
Classical swine fever (CSF) remains one of the most important transboundary viral diseases of swine worldwide. The causative agent is CSF virus, a small, enveloped RNA virus of the genus Pestivirus. Based on partial sequences, three genotypes can be distinguished that do not, however, directly correlate with virulence. Depending on both virus and host factors, a wide range of clinical syndromes can be observed and thus, laboratory confirmation is mandatory. To this means, both direct and indirect methods are utilized with an increasing degree of commercialization...
April 21, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429621/the-distribution-and-movement-of-american-cockroaches-in-urban-niches-of-new-orleans
#4
John C Carlson, Felicia A Rabito, Derek Werthmann, Mark Fox
American cockroaches are an important source of household allergens in tropical and semitropical climates. To determine which outdoor niches produce American cockroaches, traps were placed at 40 homes in New Orleans to collect nymphs. Nymphs were collected from the sewers, yards, and within the homes themselves. To compare sewers and yards as sources of cockroaches entering homes, adult cockroaches were collected, marked, and released into yards and sewers. No sewer-released cockroaches were collected in homes...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429243/slco1b1-polymorphisms-and-plasma-estrone-conjugates-in-postmenopausal-women-with-er-%C3%A2-breast-cancer-genome-wide-association-studies-of-the-estrone-pathway
#5
Tanda M Dudenkov, James N Ingle, Aman U Buzdar, Mark E Robson, Michiaki Kubo, Irada Ibrahim-Zada, Anthony Batzler, Gregory D Jenkins, Tracy L Pietrzak, Erin E Carlson, Poulami Barman, Matthew P Goetz, Donald W Northfelt, Alvaro Moreno-Aspita, Clark V Williard, Krishna R Kalari, Yusuke Nakamura, Liewei Wang, Richard M Weinshilboum
BACKGROUND: Estrone (E1), the major circulating estrogen in postmenopausal women, promotes estrogen-receptor positive (ER+) breast tumor growth and proliferation. Two major reactions contribute to E1 plasma concentrations, aromatase (CYP19A1) catalyzed E1 synthesis from androstenedione and steroid sulfatase (STS) catalyzed hydrolysis of estrone conjugates (E1Cs). E1Cs have been associated with breast cancer risk and may contribute to tumor progression since STS is expressed in breast cancer where its activity exceeds that of aromatase...
April 20, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427953/booster-seat-effectiveness-among-older-children-evidence-from-washington-state
#6
D Mark Anderson, Lindsay L Carlson, Daniel I Rees
INTRODUCTION: The American Academy of Pediatrics has recommended that children as old as 12 years use a booster seat when riding in motor vehicles, yet little is known about booster seat effectiveness when used by older children. This study estimated the association between booster use and injuries among children aged 8-12 years who were involved in motor vehicle crashes. METHODS: Researchers analyzed data on all motor vehicle crashes involving children aged 8-12 years reported to the Washington State Department of Transportation from 2002 to 2015...
April 17, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427462/within-person-associations-of-young-adolescents-physical-activity-across-five-primary-locations-is-there-evidence-of-cross-location-compensation
#7
Jordan A Carlson, Tarrah B Mitchell, Brian E Saelens, Vincent S Staggs, Jacqueline Kerr, Lawrence D Frank, Jasper Schipperijn, Terry L Conway, Karen Glanz, Jim E Chapman, Kelli L Cain, James F Sallis
BACKGROUND: Youth are active in multiple locations, but it is unknown whether more physical activity in one location is associated with less in other locations. This cross-sectional study examines whether on days with more physical activity in a given location, relative to their typical activity in that location, youth had less activity in other locations (i.e., within-person associations/compensation). METHODS: Participants were 528 adolescents, ages 12 to 16 (M = 14...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426487/brief-report-hpv-17-infection-in-darier-disease-with-acrokeratosis-verrucosis-of-hopf
#8
Andrew Matsumoto, Neal Gregory, Peter L Rady, Stephen K Tyring, John A Carlson
The co-existence of Darier disease (DD) and acrokeratosis verruciformis of Hopf (AKV) has been noted for decades and the relationship between the 2 entities remains controversial. Although, it has been shown that both diseases are associated with mutations in ATPA2 gene, it is yet to be determined if they are the same disease, or separate but allelic, or interlinked in some other fashion. Herein, the authors report the case of a 13-year-old girl presenting with shiny flat-topped verruca plana-like papules, on the dorsal hands and feet and red-brown crusted papules on her forehead and along the sides of her neck...
May 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425186/association-studies-of-low-frequency-coding-variants-in-nonsyndromic-cleft-lip-with-or-without-cleft-palate
#9
Elizabeth J Leslie, Jenna C Carlson, John R Shaffer, Carmen J Buxó, Eduardo E Castilla, Kaare Christensen, Frederic W B Deleyiannis, Leigh L Field, Jacqueline T Hecht, Lina Moreno, Ieda M Orioli, Carmencita Padilla, Alexandre R Vieira, George L Wehby, Eleanor Feingold, Seth M Weinberg, Jeffrey C Murray, Mary L Marazita
Nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL/P) is a group of common human birth defects with complex etiology. Although genome-wide association studies have successfully identified a number of risk loci, these loci only account for about 20% of the heritability of orofacial clefts. The "missing" heritability may be found in rare variants, copy number variants, or interactions. In this study, we investigated the role of low-frequency variants genotyped in 1995 cases and 1626 controls on the Illumina HumanCore + Exome chip...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424004/segmental-diffusion-properties-of-the-corticospinal-tract-and-motor-outcome-in-hemiparetic-children-with-perinatal-stroke
#10
Jacquie Hodge, Bradley Goodyear, Helen Carlson, Xing-Chang Wei, Adam Kirton
Perinatal stroke injures developing motor systems, resulting in hemiparetic cerebral palsy. Diffusion tensor imaging can explore structural connectivity. We used diffusion tensor imaging to assess corticospinal tract diffusion in hemiparetic children with perinatal stroke. Twenty-eight children (6-18 years) with unilateral stroke underwent diffusion tensor imaging. Four corticospinal tract assessments included full tract, partial tract, minitract and region of interest. Diffusion characteristics (fractional anisotropy, mean, axial, and radial diffusivity) were calculated...
May 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421969/dystrophic-mineralization-of-costal-cartilage-in-hartley-guinea-pigs
#11
Alexandria M Schauer, Adrienne Schucker, Cathy S Carlson
Hartley guinea pigs are widely used animal models of disease, particularly in studies of osteoarthritis. The purpose of this study was to investigate lesions in the costal cartilage from 16 male, 5- to 6-month-old Hartley guinea pigs. Routine histological sections from the costal cartilage and costochondral junction (longitudinal and cross sections) and sternum (for evaluation of bone marrow) were examined. All 16 (100%) animals had histological lesions involving the costal cartilage that included matrix degeneration and mineralization, reduced cellularity, and evidence of chondrocyte necrosis...
April 2017: Toxicologic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420655/syncope-and-its-impact-on-occupational-accidents-and-employment-a-danish-nationwide-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Anna-Karin Numé, Kristian Kragholm, Nicolas Carlson, Søren L Kristensen, Henrik Bøggild, Mark A Hlatky, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Gunnar Gislason, Martin H Ruwald
BACKGROUND: First-time syncopal episodes usually occur in adults of working age, but their impact on occupational safety and employment remains unknown. We examined the associations of syncope with occupational accidents and termination of employment. METHODS AND RESULTS: Through linkage of Danish population-based registers, we included all residents 18 to 64 years from 2008 to 2012. Among 3 410 148 eligible individuals, 21 729 with a first-time diagnosis of syncope were identified, with a median age 48...
April 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419810/the-relationship-of-static-tibial-tubercle-trochlear-groove-measurement-and-dynamic-patellar-tracking
#13
Victor R Carlson, Frances T Sheehan, Aricia Shen, Lawrence Yao, Jennifer N Jackson, Barry P Boden
BACKGROUND: The tibial tubercle to trochlear groove (TT-TG) distance is used for screening patients with a variety of patellofemoral joint disorders to determine who may benefit from patellar medialization using a tibial tubercle osteotomy. Clinically, the TT-TG distance is predominately based on static imaging with the knee in full extension; however, the predictive ability of this measure for dynamic patellar tracking patterns is unknown. PURPOSE: To determine whether the static TT-TG distance can predict dynamic lateral displacement of the patella...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419707/current-resources-for-evidence-based-practice-march-april-2017
#14
Mary Kern, Nicole S Carlson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418492/randomized-controlled-trial-in-clinical-settings-to-evaluate-effectiveness-of-coping-skills-education-used-with-progressive-tinnitus-management
#15
James A Henry, Emily J Thielman, Tara L Zaugg, Christine Kaelin, Caroline J Schmidt, Susan Griest, Garnett P McMillan, Paula Myers, Izel Rivera, Robert Baldwin, Kathleen Carlson
Purpose: This randomized controlled trial evaluated, within clinical settings, the effectiveness of coping skills education that is provided with progressive tinnitus management (PTM). Method: At 2 Veterans Affairs medical centers, N = 300 veterans were randomized to either PTM intervention or 6-month wait-list control. The PTM intervention involved 5 group workshops: 2 led by an audiologist (teaching how to use sound as therapy) and 3 by a psychologist (teaching coping skills derived from cognitive behavioral therapy)...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416600/induction-of-an-ifn-mediated-antiviral-response-by-a-self-amplifying-rna-vaccine-implications-for-vaccine-design
#16
Timothy Pepini, Anne-Marie Pulichino, Thomas Carsillo, Alicia L Carlson, Farid Sari-Sarraf, Katrin Ramsauer, Jason C Debasitis, Giulietta Maruggi, Gillis R Otten, Andrew J Geall, Dong Yu, Jeffrey B Ulmer, Carlo Iavarone
RNA-based vaccines have recently emerged as a promising alternative to the use of DNA-based and viral vector vaccines, in part because of the potential to simplify how vaccines are made and facilitate a rapid response to newly emerging infections. SAM vaccines are based on engineered self-amplifying mRNA (SAM) replicons encoding an Ag, and formulated with a synthetic delivery system, and they induce broad-based immune responses in preclinical animal models. In our study, in vivo imaging shows that after the immunization, SAM Ag expression has an initial gradual increase...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414254/lifestyle-intervention-for-adults-with-spinal-cord-injury-results-of-the-usc-rlanrc-pressure-ulcer-prevention-study
#17
Mike Carlson, Cheryl Lp Vigen, Salah Rubayi, Erna Imperatore Blanche, Jeanine Blanchard, Michal Atkins, Barbara Bates-Jensen, Susan L Garber, Elizabeth A Pyatak, Jesus Diaz, Lucia I Florindez, Joel W Hay, Trudy Mallinson, Jennifer B Unger, Stanley Paul Azen, Michael Scott, Alison Cogan, Florence Clark
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE: Medically serious pressure injuries (MSPrIs), a common complication of spinal cord injury (SCI), have devastating consequences on health and well-being and are extremely expensive to treat. We aimed to test the efficacy of a lifestyle-based intervention designed to reduce incidence of MSPrIs in adults with SCI. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial (RCT), and a separate study wing involving a nonrandomized standard care control group. SETTING: Rancho Los Amigos National Rehabilitation Center, a large facility serving ethnically diverse, low income residents of Los Angeles County...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412518/recipient-immune-modulation-with-atorvastatin-for-acute-graft-versus-host-disease-prophylaxis-following-allogeneic-transplantation
#18
Abraham S Kanate, Parameswaran N Hari, Marcelo C Pasquini, Alexis Visotcky, Kwang W Ahn, Jennifer Boyd, Guru Subramanian Guru Murthy, J Douglas Rizzo, Wael Saber, William Drobyski, Laura Michaelis, Ehab Atallah, Karen S Carlson, Anita D'Souza, Timothy S Fenske, Aaron Cumpston, Pamela Bunner, Michael Craig, Mary M Horowitz, Mehdi Hamadani
Atorvastatin administration to both the donors and recipients of matched related donor (MRD) allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) as acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis has been shown to be safe and effective. However, its efficacy as acute GVHD prophylaxis when given only to allo-HCT recipients is unknown. We conducted a phase II study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of atorvastatin-based acute GVHD prophylaxis given only to the recipients of MRD (n=30) or matched unrelated donor (MUD; n=39) allo-HCT, enrolled in two separate cohorts...
April 12, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410258/behavioral-disturbance-causing-sudden-respiratory-distress-in-a-3-year-old-after-tracheocutaneous-fistula-closure-a-case-report
#19
Rhashedah A Ekeoduru, Hassan M Aijazi, Amy D Graham-Carlson
A 3-year-old boy underwent tracheostomy at age 5 months for respiratory failure. The tracheostomy tube was removed a year later but a tracheocutaneous fistula developed requiring fistulectomy and primary skin closure. After an initial uneventful course in the postanesthesia care unit, the patient became agitated, began to scream, and suddenly developed rapidly progressing subcutaneous emphysema over his chest, face, and abdomen. Orotracheal intubation was emergently performed and chest radiograph revealed pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum...
April 13, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409339/quantification-of-tumor-hypoxic-fractions-using-positron-emission-tomography-with-18-f-fluoromisonidazole-18-f-fmiso-kinetic-analysis-and-invasive-oxygen-measurements
#20
Olivia J Kelada, Sara Rockwell, Ming-Qiang Zheng, Yiyun Huang, Yanfeng Liu, Carmen J Booth, Roy H Decker, Uwe Oelfke, Richard E Carson, David J Carlson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to use dynamic [(18)F]fluoromisonidazole ([(18)F]FMISO) positron emission tomography (PET) to compare estimates of tumor hypoxic fractions (HFs) derived by tracer kinetic modeling, tissue-to-blood ratios (TBR), and independent oxygen (pO2) measurements. PROCEDURES: BALB/c mice with EMT6 subcutaneous tumors were selected for PET imaging and invasive pO2 measurements. Data from 120-min dynamic [(18)F]FMISO scans were fit to two-compartment irreversible three rate constant (K 1, k 2, k 3) and Patlak models (K i)...
April 13, 2017: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
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