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Ying-Tao Liu, Xue Yin, Xiao-Yong Lai, Xin Wang
Two-photon photodynamic therapy (TP-PDT) is a very promising treatment that has drawn much attention in recent years due to its ability to penetrate deeper into tissues and minimize the damage to normal cells. Here, the properties of three highly water soluble Ru(ii) and Zn(ii) polypyridyl complexes as photosensitizers (PSs) were examined, including the one-photon and two-photon absorption (OPA and TPA) spectra, singlet-triplet energy gap (ΔH-L), TPA cross-section and spin-orbit coupling constant via Density Function Theory (DFT) and Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory (TD-DFT)...
June 22, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Hao-Ran Jia, Ya-Xuan Zhu, Ke-Fei Xu, Fu-Gen Wu
Melittin (MEL) is recognized as a highly potent therapeutic peptide for treating various human diseases including cancer. However, the clinical applications of MEL are largely restricted by its severe hemolytic activity and nonspecific cytotoxicity. Here, it is found that MEL can form a stable supramolecular nanocomplex of ≈60 nm with the photosensitizer chlorin e6 (Ce6), which after hyaluronic acid (HA) coating can achieve robust, safe, and imaging-guided tumor ablation. The as-designed nanocomplex (denoted as MEL/Ce6@HA) shows largely reduced hemolysis and selective cytolytic activity toward cancer cells...
June 21, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Maria Eugênia Simões Onofre de Santi, Renato Araujo Prates, Cristiane Miranda França, Rúbia Garcia Lopes, Aline Silva Sousa, Luis Rodolfo Ferreira, Sandra Kalil Bussadori, Adjaci Uchoa Fernandes, Alessandro Melo Deana
In this work, we present the efficacy of photodynamic therapy against yeast cells in an animal model. We tested two photosensitizers, methylene blue and protoporphyrin IX. Thirty-seven female BALB-c mice with a body mass of 20-25 g were used. To achieve persistent vaginitis, estrus was induced by subcutaneous injection of 0.1 mg/mL estradiol valerate applied weekly. Three days after pseudo-estrus, intravaginal inoculation with Candida albicans was performed. Mice were anesthetized with ketamine (80 mg/kg) and xylazine (10 mg/kg) by intraperitoneal injection before inoculation, and antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) was performed 5 days after fungal inoculation...
June 21, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
V P S Jesus, L Raniero, G M Lemes, T T Bhattacharjee, P C Caetano Júnior, M L Castilho
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer and the second leading cause of death related to cancer among women worldwide. Screening and advancements in treatments have improved survival rate of women suffering from this ailment. Novel therapeutic techniques may further reduce cancer related mortality. One of the several emerging therapeutic options is Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) that uses light activated photosensitizer (PS) inducing cell death by apoptosis and/or necrosis. Nanotechnology has made contribution to improve photosensitizer for PDT, increasing the efficiency of therapy using gold and silver nanoparticles...
June 18, 2018: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Gawon Yi, Suk Ho Hong, Jihwan Son, Jihye Yoo, Changhee Park, Yongdoo Choi, Heebeom Koo
This review summarizes recent advances in the development of nanoparticles (NPs) for efficient photodynamic therapy (PDT), particularly the development and application of various NPs based on organic and inorganic materials. PubMed database was used for literature search with the terms including NP, nanomedicine, PDT, photosensitizer (PSs), and drug delivery. For successful PDT, it is essential to deliver PSs to target disease sites. A number of NPs have been developed and tested as the carriers for both imaging and therapy, an approach termed "nanomedicine"...
May 2018: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
Jian Wu, Jia Tian, Leilei Rui, Weian Zhang
A supramolecular nanovesicle was constructed by complexation between pyrophaeophorbide A (PPhA) and water-soluble pillar[5]arene, and then a biotin-pyridinium targeting agent was introduced to its surface. This nanovesicle exhibited reduced aggregation of PPhA photosensitizers and high targeting ability towards cancer cells, thereby leading to excellent therapeutic efficacy under red light.
June 21, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Xingshu Li, Dayoung Lee, Jian-Dong Huang, Juyoung Yoon
Owing to their unique, nanoscale related optical properties, nanostructures assembled from molecular photosensitizers (PSs) have interesting applications in phototheranostics. However, most nanostructured PS assemblies are super-quenched, thus, preventing their use in photodynamic therapy (PDT). Although some of these materials undergo stimuli-responsive disassembly, which leads to partial recovery of PDT activity, their therapeutic potentials are unsatisfactory owing to a limited ability to promote generation reactive oxygen species (ROS), especially via type I photoreactions (i...
June 21, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Eric Lim Teik Chung, Michael Predith, Frisco Nobilly, Anjas Asmara Samsudin, Faez Firdaus Abdullah Jesse, Teck Chwen Loh
Brachiaria decumbens is an extremely productive tropical grass due to its aggressive growth habit and its adaptation to a varied range of soil types and environments. As a result of the vast availability, treated B. decumbens demonstrates as a promising local material that could be utilised as an improved diet for sheep and goats. Despite the fact that the grass significantly increases weight gains in grazing farm animals, there were many reports of general ill-thrift and sporadic outbreaks of photosensitivity in livestock due to the toxic compound of steroidal saponin found in B...
June 20, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Jun-Nan Zhang, Fang Zhang, Qing-Juan Tang, Chuan-Shan Xu, Xiang-Hong Meng
The present study has focused on the effects of hypericin (Hyp) based photodynamic inactivation (PDI) of Escherichia coli (E. coli). To evaluate the efficiency of Hyp based PDI of E. coli, single factor experiments and response surface optimization experiment were conducted to obtain the optimum parameter values (36 µM Hyp, 5.9 J cm-2 light dose: 16.4 mW cm-2 , 60 W, 260 s, 590 nm and 68 min incubation time) and finally achieved a 4.1 log CFU mL-1 decrease of E. coli. Cell-Hyp interaction and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) level were detected by fluorescence spectrometric photometer...
June 20, 2018: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Irshad Ahmad Mir, V S Radhakrishanan, Kamla Rawat, Tulika Prasad, H B Bohidar
Herein, we report a facile microwave-assisted synthesis of cadmium-free water-soluble silver indium sulfide (AgInS2 or AIS) and AgInS@ZnS (or AIS@ZnS) core-shell quantum dots (QDs) using glutathione (GSH) as stabilizer. The core and core-shell nanocrystals exhibit tunable bandgap ranging of 2.3-3.1 and 2.4-3.5 eV, mean particle size of 2.5 and 3.25 nm, quantum yield of 26% and 49%, and fluorescence lifetimes of 326 and 438 ns, respectively. The core-shell QDs exhibit color-tunable emission in the visible region (500 to 600 nm), where the tunability was achieved by varying the molar ratio of Ag:In in the precursors...
June 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Paolo Schumacher, Emilie Demarsy, Patrice Waridel, Laure Allenbach Petrolati, Martine Trevisan, Christian Fankhauser
Phototropins are light-activated protein kinases, which contribute to photosynthesis optimization both through enhancement of photon absorption when light is limiting and avoidance responses in high light. This duality is in part endowed by the presence of phototropins with different photosensitivity (phot1 and phot2). Here we show that phot1, which senses low light to promote positive phototropism (growth towards the light), also limits the response in high light. This response depends in part on phot1-mediated phosphorylation of Phytochrome Kinase Substrate 4 (PKS4)...
June 19, 2018: Nature Communications
Megumi Matsuo, Yoriko Ando, Yasuhiro Kamei, Shoji Fukamachi
The optomotor response (OMR) is a locomotor behavior of animals that is induced by moving repetitive visual stimuli. This characteristic helps animals particularly when stabilizing and maintaining position in schools and herds. Here, we developed a simple but sensitive method for quantifying the OMR using medaka ( Oryzias latipes ) as a model. This method, which simply requires video-recorded behavior, free tracking software, and a generic spreadsheet program, enables the evaluation of spectral sensitivity by researchers with little knowledge about the behavioral characteristics of the test animal or of the OMR...
June 19, 2018: Biology Open
Po-Yu Ho, Michael F Mark, Yi Wang, Sze-Chun Yiu, Wai-Hong Yu, Cheuk-Lam Ho, David W McCamant, Richard Eisenberg, Shuping Huang
Three molecular photosensitizers (PSs) with carboxylic acid anchors for attachment to platinized titanium dioxide nanoparticles were studied for light-driven hydrogen production from a fully aqueous medium with ascorbic acid (AA) as the sacrificial electron donor. Two zinc(II) porphyrin (ZnP) based PSs (ZnP-dyad and YD2-o-C8) were used to examine the effect of panchromatic sensitization in promoting photocatalytic H2 generation. A dyad molecular design was used to construct the Bodipy-conjugated ZnP PS (ZnP-dyad) and another one was featured with an electron-donating diarylamino moiety (YD2-o-C8)...
June 19, 2018: ChemSusChem
Ryutaro Kamata, Hiromu Kumagai, Yasuomi Yamazaki, Go Sahara, Osamu Ishitani
A Ru(II)-Re(I) supramolecular photocatalyst and a Ru(II) redox photosensitizer were both deposited successfully on a NiO electrode by using methyl phosphonic acid anchoring groups and the electrochemical polymerization of the ligand vinyl groups of the complexes. This new molecular photocathode, poly-RuRe/NiO, adsorbed a larger amount of the metal complexes compared to one using only methyl phosphonic acid anchor groups, and the stability of the complexes on the NiO electrode were much improved. The poly-RuRe/NiO acted as a photocathode for the photocatalytic reduction of CO2 at E = -0...
June 19, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yu-Li Chen, Feng-Qiu Liu, Yuan Guo, Juan Cheng, Lu Yang, Min Lu, Pan Li, Jie Xu, Tao Yu, Zhi-Gang Wang, Yang Cao, Hai-Tao Ran
Angiogenesis is a common pathological characteristic of many solid tumors and vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques. Photothermal therapy (PTT) is a promising method to reduce neovascularization. To increase the targeting ability and efficiency of PTT, a novel polymeric nanosystem that encapsulates phthalocyanine zinc (ZnPc) and perfluorohexane (PFH) was developed to target the new blood vessels of breast tumors. After being conjugated to the anti-VEGFR-2 antibody, the polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) targeted vascular endothelial cells efficiently...
June 19, 2018: Biomaterials Science
Zhuo-Heng Li, Yuan-Yuan Li, Min Hou, Tao Yang, Lai-Chun Lu, Xiao-Yu Xu
Hypericin, a powerful natural photosensitizer in photodynamic therapy (PDT), is suitable for treating skin diseases involving excess capillary proliferation. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the skin penetrability of topically applied hypericin, expecting a reduced risk of prolonged skin photosensitivity, which often occurs after systemic administration. Firstly, the Franz diffusion cell assays were performed to evaluate the penetration effects of different enhancers, including menthol, propylene glycol, camphanone, azone, and carbamide...
June 13, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
E Erdmann, A Villinger, B König, W W Seidel
We report the synthesis and the spectroscopic and electrochemical properties of six mononuclear iridium(iii) and ruthenium(ii) complexes bearing S,S'-extended phenanthroline ligands. Starting from 5,6-dibromide-1,10-phenanthroline, the dithiine derivatives N,N'-1,10-phenanthrolinedithiino[2,3-b]quinoxaline and N,N'-1,10-phenanthrolinedithiino[2,3-b]benzene were prepared by primary N,N'-complexation of the dibromo derivative and subsequent nucleophilic substitution at the complex. The photoluminescence of the phenanthroline-dithiine containing complexes shows distinctively increased lifetimes for all Ir(iii) and Ru(ii) complexes...
June 19, 2018: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
Gokhan Sargin, Taskin Senturk, Songul Cildag
A 69-year-old female patient was admitted to our clinic with photosensitivity, symmetric erosive polyarthritis, and cutaneous vasculitis of lower extremities. Rhupus syndrome was diagnosed, and Chiari's network in the right atrium and interatrial septum patent foramen ovale was achieved on transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography. If it is thought that increased prevalence of antiphospholipid antibodies in patients with rhupus, this congenital remnant is important for the thrombosis risk, cardiac event, and stroke...
January 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Tianle Gao, Tiansheng Shi, Dan-Qiao Wang, Zsuzsanna Wiesenfeld-Hallin, Xiao-Jun Xu
Background and aims We have previously reported that systemic administration of sinomenine produced antinociception in various experimental pain conditions in rodents, particularly in models of neuropathic pain. In the present study we assessed the effects of repeated administration of sinomenine in two rodent models of neuropathic pain in order to study the development of tolerance. Methods The analgesic effect of sinomenine was tested in female Sprague-Dawley rats that exhibited mechanical and cold hypersensitivity following ischaemic injury to the spinal cord and in male C57/BL6 mice that developed mechanical hypersensitivity after ischaemic injury to the sciatic nerve...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Chiaying Chen, Yu Huang
To overcome the hydrophobic nature of pristine carbonaceous materials such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and to make them available for intended applications, chemically covalent functionalization tailoring these materials is widely applied. However, the addition of surface functional moieties often changes the fundamental properties of the parent materials and introduces great variations that hinder a full understanding of and unified conclusions about their environmental implications. In this work, we studied the photoactivity of covalently functionalized CNTs in the aquatic environment under sunlight irradiation...
September 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
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