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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101541/inner-salt-shaped-small-molecular-photosensitizer-with-extremely-enhanced-two-photon-absorption-for-mitochondrial-targeted-photodynamic-therapy
#1
Wenbo Hu, Tingchao He, Rongcui Jiang, Jun Yin, Lin Li, Xiaomei Lu, Hui Zhao, Lei Zhang, Ling Huang, Handong Sun, Wei Huang, Quli Fan
Herein, we experimentally and theoretically demonstrate an unprecedentedly enhanced two-photon absorption in a small organic molecule by a simple introduction of an inner salt-shaped structure. Moreover, such an inner salt-shaped small molecule also exhibits superior singlet oxygen quantum yield and fascinating structure-inherent mitochondrial-targeting ability for highly efficient two-photon photodynamic therapy via a mitochondrial apoptosis pathway.
January 19, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099873/antimicrobial-photodynamic-therapy-as-an-adjunct-for-treatment-of-deep-carious-lesions-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Fabian Cieplik, Wolfgang Buchalla, Elmar Hellwig, Ali Al-Ahmad, Karl-Anton Hiller, Tim Maisch, Lamprini Karygianni
For deep carious lesions, a more conservative treatment modality ("selective caries removal") has been proposed, where only the heavily contaminated dentine is removed. In this regard, effective adjuncts for cavity disinfection such as the antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) can be valuable clinically prior to definitive restoration. Therefore, the aim of this study was to systematically assess clinical studies on the effectiveness of aPDT as a supplementary tool in the treatment of deep caries lesions...
January 15, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099030/ultrafast-broadband-photodetectors-based-on-three-dimensional-dirac-semimetal-cd3as2
#3
Qinsheng Wang, Cai-Zhen Li, Shaofeng Ge, Jin-Guang Li, Wei Lu, Jiawei Lai, Xuefeng Liu, Junchao Ma, Dapeng Yu, Zhi-Min Liao, Dong Sun
Photodetection with extreme performances in terms of ultrafast response time, broad detection wavelength range, and high sensitivity has wide range of optoelectronic and photonic applications, such as optical communications, interconnects, imaging and remote sensing. Graphene, a typical two-dimensional Dirac semimetal, has shown excellent potential toward high performance photodetector with high operation speed, broadband response and efficient carrier multiplications benefiting from its linear dispersion band structure with high carrier mobility and zero bandgap...
January 18, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098886/novel-zinc-phthalocyanine-as-a-promising-photosensitizer-for-photodynamic-treatment-of-esophageal-cancer
#4
Weronika Kuzyniak, Jacob Schmidt, Wojciech Glac, Janine Berkholz, Gustav Steinemann, Björn Hoffmann, Eugeny A Ermilov, Ayşe Gül Gürek, Vefa Ahsen, Bianca Nitzsche, Michael Höpfner
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has gathered much attention in the field of cancer treatment and is increasingly used as an alternative solution for esophageal cancer therapy. However, there is a constant need for improving the effectiveness and tolerability of the applied photosensitizers (PS). Here, we propose tetra-triethyleneoxysulfonyl substituted zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) as a promising PS for photodynamic treatment of esophageal cancer. ZnPc-induced phototoxicity was studied in two human esophageal cancer cell lines: OE-33 (adenocarcinoma) and Kyse-140 (squamous cell carcinoma)...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098777/new-irradiation-method-with-indocyanine-green-loaded-nanospheres-for-inactivating-periodontal-pathogens
#5
Yasuyuki Sasaki, Jun-Ichiro Hayashi, Takeki Fujimura, Yuki Iwamura, Genta Yamamoto, Eisaku Nishida, Tasuku Ohno, Kosuke Okada, Hiromitsu Yamamoto, Takeshi Kikuchi, Akio Mitani, Mitsuo Fukuda
Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) has been proposed as an adjunctive strategy for periodontitis treatments. However, use of aPDT for periodontal treatment is complicated by the difficulty in accessing morphologically complex lesions such as furcation involvement, which the irradiation beam (which is targeted parallel to the tooth axis into the periodontal pocket) cannot access directly. The aim of this study was to validate a modified aPDT method that photosensitizes indocyanine green-loaded nanospheres through the gingivae from outside the pocket using a diode laser...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097863/mitochondria-targeted-protein-ruthenium-photosensitizer-for-efficient-photodynamic-applications
#6
Sabyasachi Chakrabortty, Bikram Keshari Agrawalla, Anne Stumper, Naidu M Vegi, Stephan Fischer, Christian Reichardt, Michael Kögler, Benjamin Dietzek, Michaela Feuring-Buske, Christian Buske, Sven Rau, Tanja Weil
Organelle-targeted photosensitization represents a promising approach in photodynamic therapy where the design of the active photosensitizer (PS) is very crucial. In this work, we developed a macromolecular PS with multiple copies of mitochondria-targeting groups and ruthenium complexes that displays highest phototoxicity towards several cancerous cell lines. In particu-lar, enhanced anti-cancer activity was demonstrated in acute myeloid leukemia cell lines, where significant impairment of proliferation and clonogenicity occurs...
January 18, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097714/photoantimicrobial-biohybrids-by-supramolecular-immobilization-of-cationic-phthalocyanines-onto-cellulose-nanocrystals
#7
Eduardo Anaya-Plaza, Eveline van de Winckel, Joona Mikkilä, Jani-Markus Malho, Olli Ikkala, Oscar Gulías, Roger Bresolí-Obach, Montserrat Agut, Santi Nonell, Tomás Torres, Mauri A Kostiainen, Andrés de la Escosura
The development of photoactive and biocompatible nanostructures is a highly desirable goal to address the current threat of antibiotic resistance. Here, we describe a novel supramolecular biohybrid nanostructure based on the non-covalent immobilization of cationic zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) derivatives onto unmodified cellulose nanocrystals (CNC), following an easy and straightforward protocol, in which binding is driven by electrostatic interactions. These non-covalent biohybrids show strong photodynamic activity against S...
January 18, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097654/melanopsin-expressing-ganglion-cells-in-human-retina-morphology-distribution-and-synaptic-connections
#8
Subha Nasir-Ahmad, Sammy C S Lee, Paul R Martin, Ulrike Grünert
Melanopsin-expressing retinal ganglion cells are intrinsically photosensitive cells that are involved in non-image forming visual processes such as the pupillary light reflex and circadian entrainment but also contribute to visual perception. Here we used immunohistochemistry to study the morphology, density, distribution and synaptic connectivity of melanopsin-expressing ganglion cells in four post mortem human donor retinas. Two types of melanopsin-expressing ganglion cells were distinguished based on their dendritic stratification near either the outer or the inner border of the inner plexiform layer...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095557/the-photodynamic-therapy-experience-of-a-high-volume-laser-and-dermatologic-surgery-center
#9
David E Orbuch, Lauren Penn, Bradley S Bloom, Jeremy A Brauer, Daniel B Shin, Joshua Greenbaum, Leonard J Bernstein, Elliot T Weiss, Robert T Anolik, Roy G Geronemus
BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an FDA approved treatment for actinic keratoses (AK's) although multiple off-label indi- cations are reported. Despite frequent use for AK's, no clear consensus exists regarding protocols for overall treatment parameters. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of 1,491 subjects who underwent PDT between 2007 and 2011 at a high volume laser surgery center. Demographic information, clinical history, treatment data, and subsequent diagnosis of skin cancers were recorded...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095542/the-two-faces-of-fractionated-photodynamic-therapy-increasing-efficacy-with-light-fractionation-or-adjuvant-use-of-fractional-laser-technology
#10
Margit L W Juhasz, Melissa K Levin, Ellen S Marmur
"Fractionated photodynamic therapy (PDT)" is a new term being used by dermatologists to describe advances in PDT technology including fractionated light or the adjuvant use of fractional lasers. Although dermatologists have used PDT since the early 1990s for the treatment of photodamage and precancerous lesions, newer developments in technology have allowed for the treatment of non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSCs), in ammatory disorders, and even uses in the eld of anti-aging. Recent developments in fractionated light therapy have allowed for PDT with dark intervals and two-fold illumination schemes to increase cellular damage and apoptosis...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094979/photo-induced-cross-linking-of-short-furan-modified-dna-on-surfaces
#11
Cinthya Yamila Véliz Montes, Henry Memczak, Ellen Gyssels, Tomas Torres, Annemieke Madder, Rudolf J Schneider
We report for the first time the formation of site-specifically interstrand cross-linked (ICL) surface-immobilized furan-modified DNA duplexes via singlet oxygen. 1O2, necessary for effecting furan-mediated ICL formation, was produced in situ using methylene blue or a zinc phthalocyanine derivative (TT1) as photosensitizers. Via surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy we show that surface ICL was achieved and established a robust link which enhances the stability of the 12-mer duplex even after surface regeneration...
January 17, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092483/photodynamic-inactivation-of-cariogenic-pathogens-using-curcumin-as-photosensitizer
#12
Natália Costa Araújo, Rebeca Ferraz de Menezes, Vanda Sanderana Macêdo Carneiro, Alexandrino Pereira Dos Santos-Neto, Carla Raquel Fontana, Vanderlei Salvador Bagnato, Catherine Malinda Harvey, Marleny Elizabeth Martinez Gerbi
OBJECTIVE: This investigation assessed the susceptibility of Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus acidophilus to Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) when grown simultaneously in dentine carious lesions. BACKGROUND DATA: PDT is a technique that utilizes light to activate photosensitizers in the presence of oxygen to produce reactive radicals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A culture medium of 1% glucose, 2% sucrose, 1% young primary culture of L. acidophilus 10(8) CFU/mL, and S...
January 12, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092442/upconverted-photosensitization-of-tb-visible-emission-by-nir-yb-excitation-in-discrete-supramolecular-heteropolynuclear-complexes
#13
Nabila Souri, Pingping Tian, Carlos Platas-Iglesias, Ka-Leung Wong, Aline Marguerite Nonat, Loïc Joanny Charbonniere
Addition of Tb(3+) salts to a solution of a (YbLD) complex in D2O resulted in the formation of [(YbLD)2Tbx] (x = 1 to 3) complexes which, upon NIR excitation at 980 nm showed an unprecedented Yb to Tb upconversion sensitization phenomenon resulting in the observation of the typical green emission of Tb.
January 16, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091682/all-inorganic-perovskite-quantum-dot-mesoporous-tio2-composite-based-photodetectors-with-enhanced-performance
#14
Lin Zhou, Kai Yu, Fan Yang, Jun Zheng, Yuhua Zuo, Chuanbo Li, Buwen Cheng, Qiming Wang
High-performance all-inorganic perovskite-based metal/semiconductor/metal (MSM) photodetectors with a bilayer composite film of mesoporous TiO2 and CsPbBr3 quantum dots as a photosensitizer were prepared. The photodetectors demonstrated significantly improved on/off ratios of nearly three orders of magnitude compared to those of pure bromine-based perovskite nanocrystal photodetectors with an MSM structure.
January 16, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090694/graphene-oxide-wrapped-sio2-tio2-hollow-nanoparticles-loaded-with-photosensitizer-for-photothermal-and-photodynamic-combination-therapy
#15
Yoonsun Jang, Sojin Kim, Seungae Lee, Chang-Min Yoon, Inkyu Lee, Jyongsik Jang
Graphene oxide (GO) enwrapped SiO2/TiO2 hollow nanoparticles (GO-HNP) are synthesized by stöbber method and used as a nanocarrier for loading protoporphyrin IX (PpIX). The synthesized nanoparticle has high dispersibitliy and high uniformity in diameter (ca. 50 nm). . Furthermore, this nanoparticle shows 808 nm laser induced PpIX release property (photo-induced "on-off" drug release system). The GO-HNP-PpIX is employed for inducing both photothermal therapy (PTT) and photodynamic therapy (PDT). The synergic effect of the PTT and PDT exhibits powerful anti-cancer property...
January 16, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090280/in-vitro-activity-of-linezolid-in-combination-with-photodynamic-inactivation-against-staphylococcus-aureus-biofilms
#16
Nasim Kashef, Mahboobeh Akbarizare, Mohammad Reza Razzaghi
BACKGROUND: Biofilm infections are a major challenge in medical practice. Bacteria that live in a biofilm phenotype are more resistant to both antimicrobial therapy and host immune responses compared to their planktonic counterparts. So, there is need for new therapeutic strategies to combat these infections. A promising approach [known as Photodynamic Inactivation (PDI)] to kill bacteria growing as biofilms uses light in combination with a photosensitizer to induce a phototoxic reaction which produces reactive oxygen species that can destroy lipids and proteins causing cell death...
January 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089923/nursing-care-management-of-photodynamic-therapy-in-digestive-tract-carcinomas-at-a-single-cancer-center
#17
Atsushi Nanashima, Koji Nakashima, Hiroshi Kawakami, Shinya Ashizuka, Yoshimasa Kubota
The primary goal of nursing care in cases of endoscopic photodynamic therapy (PDT) for digestive tract carcinoma is to prevent phototoxicity by the intravenous administration of photosensitizers. The adequate protocol and management of patients should be conducted under the instruction of expert physicians. Our experiences of administering porfimer sodium and talaporfin sodium during clinical PDT provide insight regarding the specific management protocol of each photosensitizer during an in-hospital stay. We herein report our nursing protocol based on 15 years of experience...
January 9, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088891/recent-advances-in-developing-photosensitizers-for-photodynamic-cancer-therapy
#18
Cong Chen, Jianmin Wang, Xiaoyan Li, Xiaolong Liu, Xiao Han
Photosensitizers are key molecules used in photodynamic cancer therapy (PDT), which is an effective therapeutic modality option for several diseases and non-oncological disorders. Due to its lower systemic toxicity and its ability to destroy tumors selectively, PDT has been considered clinical avenue for the treatment of several cancers. Three essential elements are involved in a PDT procedure: a photosensitizer, light of a specific wavelength, and singlet oxygen. However, the properties of conventional photosensitizers exhibit some drawbacks that may limit their use...
January 13, 2017: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088439/antimicrobial-activity-of-photodynamic-therapy-in-combination-with-colistin-against-a-pan-drug-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii-isolated-from-burn-patient
#19
Ebrahim Boluki, Hossein Kazemian, Hadi Peeridogaheh, Mohammad Yousef Alikhani, Sima Shahabi, Leili Beytollahi, Roghayeh Ghorbanzadeh
Nosocomially-acquired multi-, extensively-, and pandrug resistant (MDR, XDR, and PDR) strains of microorganisms such as Acinetobacter baumannii remain a serious cause of infection and septic mortality in burn patients. Treatment of patients with nosocomial burn wound infections is often complicated by drug-resistant strains of A. baumannii. Today, many researchers are focusing on the investigation of novel non-antibiotic strategies such as photodynamic therapy (PDT). We report a new PDT strategy that suppresses colistin resistance in PDR A...
January 11, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088105/tectona-grandis-leaf-extract-free-and-associated-with-nanoemulsions-as-a-possible-photosensitizer-of-mouse-melanoma-b16-cell
#20
Cydia de Menezes Furtado, Fernando Sergio Escocio Drumond Viana de Faria, Ricardo Bentes Azevedo, Karen Py-Daniel, Ana Lygia Dos Santos Camara, Jaqueline Rodriguez da Silva, Everton de Holanda Oliveira, Anselmo Fortunato Ruiz Rodriguez, Igor Anatolievich Degterev
Over the past six years we have been studying extracts from tropical, specially Amazon, plants, to search for new sensitizers for photodynamic therapy of cancer and infectious diseases. Tectona grandis is a genus of tropical hardwood trees in the mint family, Lamiaceae. That is native to south and southeast Asia, but since the end of the 20th century is also gaining ground in the Amazon. The present work aims to evaluate the photodynamic potential of hydro-alcoholic extract from Tectona grandis LF leaves (TGE) and the same extract prepared as the oil-water nanoemulsion (TGE-NE) against melanoma B16 F10 cells...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
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