keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Photosensitivity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457905/computational-investigation-on-the-influence-of-halogen-atoms-on-the-photophysical-properties-of-tetraphenylporphyrin-and-its-zinc-ii-complexes
#1
Bruna Clara De Simone, Gloria Mazzone, Nino Russo, Emilia Sicilia, Marirosa Toscano
How the tetraphenylporphyrin (TPP) and its zinc (II) complex (ZnTPP) photophysical properties (adsorption energies, singlet-triplet energy gap and spin orbit coupling contributions) can change due to the presence of an increasing number of heavy atoms in their molecular structures has been investigated by means of density functional theory and its time dependent formulation. Results show as the increase of the atomic mass of the substituted halogen strongly enhances the spin-orbit coupling values allowing a more efficient singlet-triplet intersystem crossing...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455519/a-self-targeting-dual-ros-ph-responsive-apoferritin-nanocage-for-spatiotemporally-controlled-drug-delivery-to-breast-cancer
#2
Bin Du, Shaona Jia, Qinghui Wang, Xiaoyu Ding, Ying Liu, Hanchun Yao, Jie Zhou
In this study, an intelligent pH and ROS dual-responsive drug delivery system based on apoferritin (AFt) nanocage was prepared. This therapeutic system can specifically self-targeting to 4T1 breast cancer cells by exploiting L-apoferritin receptor SCARA 5, avoiding the nonspecific binding or aggregation of nanoparticles due to the chemical functionalization for targeting. The characteristics of AFt were utilized for the simultaneous delivery of anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) and photosensitizer rose bengal (RB)...
February 17, 2018: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454916/mitochondria-targeting-indolizino-3-2-c-quinolines-as-novel-class-of-photosensitizers-for-photodynamic-anticancer-activity
#3
Soonbum Kwon, Yeongcheol Lee, Youngeun Jung, Ju Hee Kim, Byungyeob Baek, Bumhee Lim, Jungeun Lee, Ikyon Kim, Jeeyeon Lee
To achieve efficient photodynamic activity, substantial effort has been dedicated to precise control of the intracellular localization of current photosensitizers (PSs). Given the extremely small radius of action of singlet oxygen, the direct targeting of PSs to the mitochondria is expected to greatly enhance the photodynamic therapy (PDT) activity. Here, we report mitochondria-targeting 6-(furan-2-yl)- and 6-(thiophen-2-yl) indolizino[3,2-c]quinolines (IQs) as novel PSs. IQ derivatives containing 5-membered heterocyclic aromatic rings were synthesized, and their photophysical properties as PSs were characterized...
February 10, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453611/comparative-study-of-phototoxicity-of-protoporphyrin-ix-synthetic-and-extracted-from-ssp-rattus-novergicus-albinus-rats-toward-murine-melanoma-cells
#4
E R Reis, L P Ferreira, E M D Nicola, I Borissevitch
Protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) is a precursor of heme synthesis and is known to be an active photosensitizer and precursor of photosensitizers applied in photodynamic therapy (PDT) and photodynamic diagnostics (PDD). On irradiation with visible light, PpIX undergoes phototransformation, producing photoproducts which may also be phototoxic and increase its efficacy. The mechanism of PpIX phototransformation depends on environmental characteristics and can be different in vitro and in vivo. In this paper, we present a comparative study of the photoactivity of synthetic PpIX and PpIX extracted from the Harderian gland of ssp Rattus novergicus albinus rats, along with their photoproducts toward murine B16F-10 melanoma cells...
February 16, 2018: European Biophysics Journal: EBJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453184/is-it-photosensitization-or-photodegradation-when-uv-b-irradiation-is-combined-with-bde-47-evidence-from-the-growth-and-reproduction-changes-of-rotifer-brachionus-plicatilis
#5
Chunchen Liu, Xuexi Tang, Bin Zhou, Yongshun Jiang, Mengchen Lv, Yu Zang, You Wang
Ecotoxicological methods were applied in the present study, and the marine rotifer Brachionus plicatilis was used as the toxic endpoint to depict what occurred when 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-47) was combined with solar ultraviolet-B radiation (UV-B). B. plicatilis was exposed to three different combination methods of BDE-47 and UV-B at an equal toxicity ratio, including normal rotifer co-cultured with UV-B-irradiated BDE-47 (known as Method I), UV-B-irradiated rotifer co-cultured with BDE-47 exposure (known as Method II) and normal rotifer co-cultured with the simultaneous addition of BDE-47 and UV-B irradiation (known as Method III)...
February 13, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452948/photo-tearable-tape-close-wrapped-upconversion-nanocapsules-for-near-infrared-modulated-efficient-sirna-delivery-and-therapy
#6
Yue Zhang, Kewei Ren, Xiaobo Zhang, Zhicong Chao, Yuqin Yang, Deju Ye, Zhihui Dai, Ying Liu, Huangxian Ju
RNA interference (RNAi) has become an appealing therapeutic approach for cancer and other diseases. One key challenge is the effective protection of these small fragile biomolecules against complicated physiological environments as well as efficient on-demand release. Here we design a photo-tearable polymer tape close-wrapped nanocapsule for efficient NIR modulated siRNA delivery. The photo-tearable nanocapsules comprise core-shell upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) coated with mesoporous silica layer for loading of photosensitizer hypocrellin A (HA) and small interfering RNA (siRNA) against polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1), and covalently bound thin membranes of polyethylene glycol (PEG) via a synthesized photocleavable linker (PhL)...
February 9, 2018: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451800/visible-light-photoredox-catalyzed-iminyl-radical-formation-by-n-h-cleavage-with-hydrogen-release-and-its-application-in-synthesis-of-isoquinolines
#7
Wan-Fa Tian, Dang-Po Wang, Shao-Feng Wang, Ke-Han He, Xiao-Ping Cao, Yang Li
An unprecedented visible-light photoredox-catalyzed iminyl radical formation by N-H cleavage with H 2 release has been developed. Its application in the synthesis of various isoquinolines and related polyaromatics in high atom economy at ambient temperature by applying a photosensitizer, Acr + -Mes ClO 4 - , and a new cobalt catalyst, Co(dmgH) 2 (4-CONMe 2 Py)Cl is reported. Mechanistic investigations indicated that the generated iminyl radical initiates the cascade C-N/C-C bonds formation and the catalytic cycle occurs by a simultaneous oxidative as well as reductive quenching pathway...
February 16, 2018: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451774/organic-semiconducting-photoacoustic-nanodroplets-for-laser-activatable-ultrasound-imaging-and-combinational-cancer-therapy
#8
Wei Tang, Zhen Yang, Sheng Wang, Zhantong Wang, Jibin Song, Guocan Yu, Wenpei Fan, Yunlu Dai, Jingjing Wang, Lingling Shan, Gang Niu, Quli Fan, Xiaoyuan Chen
Combination of photoacoustic (PA) and ultrasound (US) imaging offers high spatial resolution images with deep tissue penetration, which shows great potential in applications in medical imaging. Development of PA/US dual-contrast agents with high contrast and excellent biocompatibility is of great interest. Herein, an organic semiconducting photoacoustic nanodroplet, PS-PDI-PAnD, is developed by stabilizing low-boiling-point perfluorocarbon (PFC) droplet with a photoabsorber and photoacoustic agent of perylene diimide (PDI) molecules and coencapsulating the droplet with photosensitizers of ZnF16 Pc molecules...
February 21, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451722/enhanced-photodynamic-therapy-by-reduced-intracellular-glutathione-levels-employing-nano-mof-with-cu-ii-as-active-center
#9
Wei Zhang, Jun Lu, Xiaonan Gao, Ping Li, Wen Zhang, Yu Ma, Hui Wang, Bo Tang
In photodynamic therapy (PDT), the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced in the cell directly determines therapeutic effect. Therefore, the development of photosensitizers combining the ability of reducing GSH levels through synergistically improving ROS concentration to strengthen the efficacy of PDT for tumor is important. We report a nano-metal-organic framework based on Cu (II) as active center for PDT. This MOF-2 is readily uptaken by breast cancer cells, and high-level ROS is generated under light irradiation...
February 16, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451577/an-upconversion-nanoplatform-with-extracellular-ph-driven-tumor-targeting-ability-for-improved-photodynamic-therapy
#10
Fujin Ai, Na Wang, Xiaoman Zhang, Tianying Sun, Qi Zhu, Wei Kong, Feng Wang, Guangyu Zhu
Upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) are widely utilized for photodynamic therapy (PDT) due to their specific upconverting luminescence that utilizes near infrared (NIR) light to excite photosensitizers (PSs) for PDT. The efficiency of UCNP-based PDT will be improved if the cancer-targeting property of nanomedicine is enhanced. Herein, we employed the pH low insertion peptide (pHLIP), a cancer-targeting moiety, to functionalize an 808 nm excited UCNP-based nanoplatform that has a minimized over-heating effect to perform PDT...
February 16, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451575/functionalized-cu-3-bis-3-nanoparticles-for-dual-modal-imaging-and-targeted-photothermal-photodynamic-therapy
#11
Yanke Wang, Dongdong Cai, Huixia Wu, Yu Fu, Yang Cao, Yingjian Zhang, Dongmei Wu, Qiwei Tian, Shiping Yang
Multifunctional nano-biomaterials with the integration of diagnostic and therapeutic functions have shown great promise in improving the efficacy of cancer therapy. Herein, a new nanoplatform based on functionalized Cu 3 BiS 3 nanoparticles (NPs) is fabricated for tumour-targeted combination phototherapy. The as-synthesized hydrophobic Cu 3 BiS 3 NPs are modified with DSPE-PEG/DSPE-PEG-NH 2 , followed by the conjugation of the photosensitizer chlorin e6 (Ce6) and the target ligand folic acid (FA). The introduced Ce6 can further form a chelate complex with Gd 3+ ...
February 16, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451568/upconversion-in-photodynamic-therapy-plumbing-the-depths
#12
Michael R Hamblin
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) involves the combination of non-toxic dyes called photosensitizers (PS) and harmless visible light that interact with ambient oxygen to give reactive oxygen species (ROS) that can damage biomolecules and kill cells. PDT has mostly been developed as a cancer therapy but can also be used as an antimicrobial approach against localized infections. However even the longest wavelength used for exciting PS (in the 700 nm region) has relatively poor tissue penetration, and many PS are much better excited by blue and green light...
February 16, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450993/near-infrared-photoimmunotherapy-with-combined-exposure-of-external-and-interstitial-light-sources
#13
Yasuhiro Maruoka, Tadanobu Nagaya, Kazuhide Sato, Fusa Ogata, Shuhei Okuyama, Peter L Choyke, Hisataka Kobayashi
Near infrared photoimmunotherapy (NIR-PIT) is a new target-cell specific cancer treatment that induces highly selective necrotic/immunogenic cell death after systemic administration of a photo-absorber antibody conjugate and subsequent NIR light exposure. However, the depth of NIR light penetration in tissue (approximately 2 centimeters) with external light sources, limits the therapeutic effects of NIR-PIT. Interstitial light exposure using cylindrical diffusing optical fibers can overcome this limitation...
February 16, 2018: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450415/selective-light-driven-reduction-of-co-2-to-hcooh-in-water-using-a-mov-9-n-n-1332-3600-based-soft-oxometalate-som
#14
Soumitra Barman, Santu Das, Sreejith S S, Somnath Garai, Ramudu Pochamoni, Soumyajit Roy
A soft-oxometalate (SOM) based on Mo and V i.e. {MoV 9 } in their highest oxidation state reduces CO 2 to HCOOH selectively in water. Catalysis initiates without the use of any photosensitizer and solvent water acts as the sacrificial electron donor which gets oxidized to generate oxygen. Electrons and protons released in this process reduce CO 2 to HCOOH.
February 16, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449777/a-homogeneous-time-resolved-fluorescence-immunoassay-method-for-the-measurement-of-compound-w
#15
Biao Huang, Huixin Yu, Jiandong Bao, Manda Zhang, William L Green, Sing-Yung Wu
Objective: Using compound W (a 3,3'-diiodothyronine sulfate [T 2 S] immuno-crossreactive material)-specific polyclonal antibodies and homogeneous time-resolved fluorescence immunoassay assay techniques (AlphaLISA) to establish an indirect competitive compound W (ICW) quantitative detection method. Method: Photosensitive particles (donor beads) coated with compound W or T 2 S and rabbit anti-W antibody were incubated with biotinylated goat anti-rabbit antibody. This constitutes a detection system with streptavidin-coated acceptor particle...
2018: Biomarker Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449037/impact-of-light-irradiation-on-preservation-and-function-of-mammalian-spermatozoa
#16
REVIEW
Marc Yeste, Miriam Castillo-Martín, Sergi Bonet, Joan E Rodríguez-Gil
Light irradiation has been demonstrated to exert positive effects on gametes, and particularly on sperm. In effect, a high number of studies conducted in several species, including humans, mice, pigs, cattle and sheep, and using different light sources (such as lasers and light-emitting diodes) have demonstrated that photo-stimulation increases sperm motility. In addition, other works have shown that sperm fertilizing ability both in vitro and in vivo can be increased following light irradiation; there are also some evidences pointing out to an extend of lifespan of preserved semen...
February 9, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448866/multifunctional-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles-as-efficient-transporters-of-doxorubicin-and-chlorin-e6-for-chemo-photodynamic-combinatorial-cancer-therapy
#17
Jing-Hua Sun, Wei Zhang, Dong-Yang Zhang, Jianliang Shen, Cai-Ping Tan, Liang-Nian Ji, Zong-Wan Mao
A multimodal nanocarrier based on mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) is developed to co-delivery photosensitizer chlorin e6 (Ce6) and chemotherapeutic agent doxorubicin (Dox) for cancer combination therapy. Ce6 was covalently conjugated with mesoporous silica nanoparticles, which could increase the loading efficiency, and allowed for photodynamic therapy. Doxorubicin was loaded into the pores of mesoporous silica nanoparticles to afford the dual drug delivery system Dox@MSNs-Ce6. These hybrid nanoparticles have an average diameter of about 100 nm and slightly negative charge of about -17 mV...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446940/ru-ii-compounds-next-generation-anticancer-metallotherapeutics
#18
Sreekanth Thota, Daniel A Rodrigues, Debbie C Crans, Eliezer J Barreiro
Metal based therapeutics are a precious class of drugs in oncology research that include examples of theranostic drugs, which are active both in diagnostic, specifically imaging, and therapeutics applications. Ruthenium compounds have shown selective bioactivity and the ability to overcome the resistance that platinum-based therapeutics face, making them effective oncotherapeutic competitors in rational drug invention approaches. The development of antineoplastic ruthenium therapeutics is of particular interest because ruthenium containing complexes NAMI-A, KP1019 and KP1339 entered clinical trials and DW1/2 is in preclinical levels...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446925/visible-light-driven-photosystems-using-heteroleptic-cu-i-photosensitizers-and-rh-iii-catalysts-to-produce-h-2
#19
Bradley J McCullough, Bertrand J Neyhouse, Briana R Schrage, Demi T Reed, Allen J Osinski, Christopher J Ziegler, Travis A White
The synthesis of two new heteroleptic Cu(I) photosensitizers (PS), [Cu(Xantphos)(NN)]PF 6 (NN = biq = 2,2'-biquinoline, dmebiq = 2,2'-biquinoline-4,4'-dimethyl ester; Xantphos = 4,5-bis(diphenylphosphino)-9,9-dimethylxanthene), along with the associated structural, photophysical, and electrochemical properties, are described. The biquinoline diimine ligand extends the PS light absorbing properties into the visible with a maximum absorption at 455 and 505 nm for NN = biq and dmebiq, respectively, in CH 2 Cl 2 solvent...
February 15, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445279/egfr-targeted-photodynamic-therapy-by-curcumin-encapsulated-chitosan-tpp-nanoparticles
#20
Wen-Hsuan Tsai, Kun-Hua Yu, Yi-Cheng Huang, Cheng-I Lee
Background: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an effective therapy for cancers and is a minimally invasive therapy with low dark toxicity and limited side effects. PDT employs the combination of photosensitizers with a specific light source to produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) to damage tumor cells. Methods: We fabricated nanoparticles encapsulating curcumin through crosslinking chitosan and tripolyphosphate (TPP). Additionally, the chitosan was conjugated to epidermal growth factor in order to target the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), overexpressed on cancer cells...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
keyword
keyword
5276
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"