keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Photosensitivity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528212/targeted-co-delivery-of-polypyrrole-and-rapamycin-by-trastuzumab-conjugated-liposomes-for-combined-chemo-photothermal-therapy
#1
Hanh Thuy Nguyen, Tuan Hiep Tran, Raj Kumar Thapa, Cao Dai Phung, Beom Soo Shin, Jee-Heon Jeong, Han-Gon Choi, Chul Soon Yong, Jong Oh Kim
Trastuzumab is a therapeutic monoclonal antibody that selectively recognizes HER2/neu receptor for targeting breast cancers. In this study, we aimed to present a strategy to combine chemo and phototherapy and targeted delivery via monoclonal antibody for enhanced anticancer effects. We co-loaded a chemotherapeutic agent, rapamycin, and a photosensitizer, polypyrrole, in trastuzumab-conjugated liposomes (LRPmAb) for combined chemo-photothermal therapy. LRPmAb had small size (172.2±9.6nm), narrow distribution, and negative ζ-potential (-12...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528145/uv-induced-electron-transfer-between-triethylamine-and-5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine-a-puzzle-concerning-the-photochemical-debromination-of-labeled-dna
#2
Paweł Wityk, Magdalena Zdrowowicz, Justyna Wiczk, Janusz Rak
5-Bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) photosensitizes DNA to strand break formation. However, this type of photodamage is completely quenched by the presence of triethylamine (TEA) which originates from RP-HPLC purification commonly employed by oligonucleotide providers. While the presence of TEA in oligonucleotide samples does not interfere with PCR or other molecular biology applications, the mechanism of photochemical reaction proceeding in the labeled DNA is dramatically changed due to the photoinduced electron transfer (PET) between the photoexcited BrdU and the ground state TEA...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527734/singlet-oxygen-responsive-micelles-for-enhanced-photodynamic-therapy
#3
Xiaodan Li, Min Gao, Keting Xin, Ling Zhang, Dan Ding, Deling Kong, Zheng Wang, Yang Shi, Fabian Kiessling, Twan Lammers, Jianjun Cheng, Yanjun Zhao
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) efficacy is limited by the very short half-life and limited diffusion radius of singlet oxygen ((1)O2). We report a (1)O2-responsive micellar nanoplatform subject to considerable size-expansion upon light triggering to facilitate on-demand release of photosensitizers. Imidazole, a well-known (1)O2 scavenger, was incorporated in the hydrophobic core of amphiphilic copolymer micelles, and was used to coordinate with biocompatible Zn(2+) and encapsulate the photosensitizer chlorin e6 (Ce6)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526593/cardiac-tamponade-as-an-initial-presentation-for-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#4
William Li, Thomas Frohwein, Kenneth Ong
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease which follows a relapsing and remitting course that can manifest in any organ system. While classic manifestations consist of arthralgia, myalgia, frank arthritis, a malar rash and renal failure to name a few, cardiac tamponade, however, is a far less common and far more dangerous presentation. We highlight the case of a 61year-old male with complaints of acute onset shortness of breath and generalized body aches associated with a fever and chills in the ER...
April 29, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525853/photoelectrochemical-sensitive-detection-of-insulin-based-on-cds-polydopamine-co-sensitized-wo3-nanorod-and-signal-amplification-of-carbon-nanotubes-polydopamine
#5
Rongyu Wang, Hongmin Ma, Yong Zhang, Qi Wang, Zhongping Yang, Bin Du, Dan Wu, Qin Wei
An ultrasensitive photoelectrochemical sandwich immunosensor was designed for detection of insulin based on WO3/CdS/polydopamine (WO3/CdS/PDA) co-sensitized and PDA@carbon nanotubes (PDA@CNT) conjugates for signal amplification. The CdS nanoparticles were first deposited on the WO3 nanorods via sequential chemical bath deposition to form the WO3/CdS structure to enhance photocurrent. Then equipped with PDA to form the WO3/CdS/PDA photosensitive structure. The PDA was used not only to reduce the toxicity of CdS but also adsorb insulin primary antibodies (Ab1)...
May 13, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525301/mood-the-circadian-system-and-melanopsin-retinal-ganglion-cells
#6
Lorenzo Lazzerini Ospri, Glen Prusky, Samer Hattar
The discovery of a third type of photoreceptors in the mammalian retina, intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs), has had a revolutionary impact on chronobiology. We can now properly account for numerous nonvision-related functions of light, including its effect on the circadian system. Here, we give an overview of ipRGCs and their function as it relates specifically to mood and biological rhythms. Although circadian disruptions have been traditionally hypothesized to be the mediators of light's effects on mood, here we present an alternative model that dispenses with assumptions of causality between the two phenomena and explains mood regulation by light via another ipRGC-dependent mechanism...
May 17, 2017: Annual Review of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524186/taurine-modified-ru-ii-complex-targets-cancerous-brain-cells-for-photodynamic-therapy
#7
Enming Du, Xunwu Hu, Sona Roy, Peng Wang, Kieran Deasy, Toshiaki Mochizuki, Ye Zhang
The precision and efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) is essential for the treatment of brain tumors because the cancer cells are within or adjacent to the delicate nervous system. Taurine is an abundant amino acid in the brain that serves the central nervous system (CNS). A taurine-modified polypyridyl Ru-complex was shown to have optimized intracellular affinity in cancer cells through accumulation in lysosomes. Symmetrical modification of this Ru-complex by multiple taurine molecules enhanced the efficiency of molecular emission with boosted generation of reactive oxygen species...
May 19, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523110/photodynamic-activities-of-porphyrin-derivative-cyclodextrin-complexes-by-photoirradiation
#8
Atsushi Ikeda, Shuhei Satake, Tomoya Mae, Masafumi Ueda, Kouta Sugikawa, Hajime Shigeto, Hisakage Funabashi, Akio Kuroda
Water-soluble cyclodextrin (CyD) complexed with porphyrin derivatives with different substituents in the meso-positions showed different photodynamic activities toward cancer cells under illumination at wavelengths over 600 nm, the most suitable wavelengths for photodynamic therapy (PDT). In particular, aniline- and phenol-substituted derivatives had high photodynamic activity because of the efficient intracellular uptake of the complexes by tumor cells. These complexes showed greater photodynamic activity than photofrin, currently the main drug in clinical use as a photosensitizer...
May 11, 2017: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522986/retinal-ganglion-cells-and-circadian-rhythms-in-alzheimer-s-disease-parkinson-s-disease-and-beyond
#9
REVIEW
Chiara La Morgia, Fred N Ross-Cisneros, Alfredo A Sadun, Valerio Carelli
There is increasing awareness on the role played by circadian rhythm abnormalities in neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD). The characterization of the circadian dysfunction parallels the mounting evidence that the hallmarks of neurodegeneration also affect the retina and frequently lead to loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and to different degrees of optic neuropathy. In the RGC population, there is the subgroup of cells intrinsically photosensitive and expressing the photopigment melanopsin [melanopsin-containing retinal ganglion cells (mRGCs)], which are now well known to drive the entrainment of circadian rhythms to the light-dark cycles...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522845/3d-micro-structured-arrays-of-zn%C3%AE-nanorods
#10
Argyro N Giakoumaki, George Kenanakis, Argyro Klini, Maria Androulidaki, Zacharias Viskadourakis, Maria Farsari, Alexandros Selimis
The fabrication of nanostructures with controlled assembly and architecture is very important for the development of novel nanomaterial-based devices. We demonstrate that laser techniques coupled with low-temperature hydrothermal growth enable complex three-dimensional ZnO nanorod patterning on various types of substrates and geometries. This methodology is based on a procedure involving the 3D scaffold fabrication using Multi-Photon Lithography of a photosensitive material, followed by Zn seeded Aqueous Chemical Growth of ZnO nanorods...
May 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521517/dynamic-model-of-vascular-targeted-photodynamic-therapy
#11
Xiao-Ming Hu, Linhuan He, Yi Zhao
Vascular-targeted photodynamic therapy has shown efficiency in treating port wine stains. A dynamic model that incorporates blood flow, kinetic diffusion, oxygen and photosensitizer consumption and reaction, and light modulation is proposed to reveal the interactions among light, photosensitizer, and oxygen. Simulation results show that pulse light modulation synchronized with heartbeats hold the advantage of increased singlet oxygen accumulation, higher oxygen concentration and lower temperature. Meanwhile, constant light treatment is advantageous in terms of higher temperature, lower total oxygen concentration and singlet oxygen accumulation...
May 19, 2017: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521449/the-effect-of-aloe-emodin-induced-photodynamic-activity-on-the-apoptosis-of-human-gastric-cancer-cells-a-pilot-study
#12
Hai-Dan Lin, Kai-Ting Li, Qin-Qin Duan, Qing Chen, Shi Tian, Ellie Shihng Meir Chu, Ding-Qun Bai
The aim of the present study was to explore the effect of aloe-emodin (AE)-induced photodynamic activity in human gastric cancer cells. AE was used as a photosensitizer to explore the effect of photodynamic therapy (PDT) in human gastric cancer cells (SGC-7901). An MTT assay was used to detect the effect of AE-induced PDT in optimal concentrations and illumination energy densities in human gastric cancer cells. Following AE-induced PDT, morphological changes of the cells and the rate of cell death were evaluated by TUNEL assay and flow cytometry, respectively...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518072/in-vivo-investigation-of-antimicrobial-blue-light-therapy-for-multidrug-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii-burn-infections-using-bioluminescence-imaging
#13
Yucheng Wang, Olivia D Harrington, Ying Wang, Clinton K Murray, Michael R Hamblin, Tianhong Dai
Burn infections continue to be an important cause of morbidity and mortality. The increasing emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria has led to the frequent failure of traditional antibiotic treatments. Alternative therapeutics are urgently needed to tackle MDR bacteria. An innovative non-antibiotic approach, antimicrobial blue light (aBL), has shown promising effectiveness against MDR infections. The mechanism of action of aBL is not yet well understood. It is commonly hypothesized that naturally occurring endogenous photosensitizing chromophores in bacteria (e...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516508/near-infrared-photodynamic-inactivation-of-s-pneumoniae-and-its-interaction-with-raw-264-7-macrophages
#14
Ilaiáli S Leite, Mariana C Geralde, Ana C G Salina, Alexandra I Medeiros, Lívia N Dovigo, Vanderlei S Bagnato, Natalia M Inada
Pneumonia is the main cause of children mortality worldwide, and its major treatment obstacle stems from the microorganisms increasing development of resistance to several antibiotics. Photodynamic therapy has been presenting, for the last decades, promising results for some subtypes of cancer and infections. In this work we aimed to develop a safe and efficient in vitro protocol for photodynamic inactivation of Streptococcus pneumoniae, one of the most commonly found bacteria in pneumonia cases, using two near-infrared light sources and indocyanine green, a FDA approved dye...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513736/photosensitization-of-cui-the-role-of-visible-light-induced-cu-i-%C3%A2-cu-ii-transition-in-photocatalytic-degradation-of-organic-pollutants-and-inactivation-of-microorganisms
#15
Szymon Wojtyła, Wojciech Macyk, Tomasz Baran
Bare and photosensitized copper iodides were tested in photocatalysed degradation of an organic dye (Acid Red 1) and inactivation of fungi (Saccharomyces cerevisiae). CuI, with the band gap energy slightly lower than that of TiO2, appeared to be highly efficient in these processes. Sensitization of copper iodide was achieved by surface modification with [Cu(SCN)2(phen)2]. The photosensitization mechanism encompasses a metal to metal charge transfer, Cu(I) → Cu(II). The applied photosensitizer binds to CuI through thiocyanate ligands resulting in the formation of an active Cu(II)/Cu(I) hybrid photocatalyst ([Cu(II)(SCN)2(phen)2]@Cu(I)I)...
May 17, 2017: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511875/visible-light-switched-cytosol-release-of-sirna-by-amphiphilic-fullerene-derivative-to-enhance-rnai-efficacy-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#16
Jing Wang, Lifei Xie, Tao Wang, Fengxin Wu, Jie Meng, Jian Liu, Haiyan Xu
Cationic macromolecules are attractive for use as small interfering RNA (siRNA) carriers due to their performance in non-immunological reactions, customization during synthesis, and low costs compared to viral carriers. However, their low transfection efficiency substantially hinders their application in both clinical practices and academic research, which is mostly attributable to the low capacity of siRNA/cationic macromolecule complexes to escape lysosomes. To address this challenge, we designed an amphiphilic fullerene derivative (C60-Dex-NH2) for efficient and controllable siRNA delivery...
May 13, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510275/single-cell-transcriptome-profiling-of-developing-chick-retinal-cells
#17
Lauren A Laboissonniere, Gregory M Martin, Jillian J Goetz, Ran Bi, Brock Pope, Kallie Weinand, Laura Ellson, Diane Fru, Miranda Lee, Andrea K Wester, Peng Liu, Jeffrey M Trimarchi
The vertebrate retina is a specialized photosensitive tissue comprised of six neuronal and one glial cell types, each of which develops in prescribed proportions at overlapping timepoints from a common progenitor pool. While each of these cells has a specific function contributing to proper vision in the mature animal, their differential representation in the retina as well as the presence of distinctive cellular subtypes makes identifying the transcriptomic signatures that lead to each retinal cell's fate determination and development challenging...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509917/effect-of-mthpc-mediated-photodynamic-therapy-on-5-fluorouracil-resistant-human-colorectal-cancer-cells
#18
E Kukcinaviciute, A Sasnauskiene, D Dabkeviciene, V Kirveliene, V Jonusiene
The primary or acquired cancer chemoresistance is a major problem in the treatment of cancer patients. It could be overcome by non-overlapping treatment regimens such as photodynamic therapy (PDT). PDT is based on the oxidation of cellular components which occurs when a light-excited photosensitizer generates reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this study the effect of mTHPC mediated PDT (mTHPC-PDT) on 5-FU resistant colorectal cancer (CRC) cells HCT116 was investigated. The results show that mTHPC-PDT overcomes 5-FU resistance and is effective against chemoresistant colorectal carcinoma cells...
May 16, 2017: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509858/modes-of-cell-death-induced-by-photodynamic-therapy-using-zinc-phthalocyanine-in-lung-cancer-cells-grown-as-a-monolayer-and-three-dimensional-multicellular-spheroids
#19
Sello L Manoto, Nicolette Houreld, Natasha Hodgkinson, Heidi Abrahamse
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) involves interaction of a photosensitizer, light, and molecular oxygen which produces singlet oxygen and subsequent tumour eradication. The development of second generation photosensitizers, such as phthalocyanines, has improved this technology. Customary monolayer cell culture techniques are, unfortunately, too simple to replicate treatment effects in vivo. Multicellular tumour spheroids may provide a better alternative since they mimic aspects of the human tumour environment. This study aimed to profile 84 genes involved in apoptosis following treatment with PDT on lung cancer cells (A549) grown in a monolayer versus three-dimensional multicellular tumour spheroids (250 and 500 μm)...
May 16, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509422/evaluation-of-the-medicinal-potential-of-two-ruthenium-ii-polypyridine-complexes-as-one-and-two-photon-photodynamic-therapy-photosensitizers
#20
Jeannine Hess, Huaiyi Huang, Adrian Kaiser, Vanessa Pierroz, Olivier Blacque, Hui Chao, Gilles Gasser
Two [Ru(phen)2dppz]2+ derivatives (phen = 1,10-phenantroline, dppz = dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine) with different functional groups on the dppz ligand [dppz-7,8-(OMe)2 (1), dppz-7,8-(OH)2 (2)] have been synthesized, characterized and investigated as photosensitizers (PSs) for photodynamic therapy (PDT) against cancer. Both complexes showed intense red phosphorescence and promising singlet oxygen (1O2) quantum yields of 75 % (1) and 54 % (2), respectively, in acetonitrile. 1 (logPo/w = -0.52, 2.4 nmol Ru per mg protein) was found to be more lipophilic, having also a higher cellular uptake efficiency compared to 2 (logPo/w = -0...
May 16, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
keyword
keyword
5276
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"