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Society for pediatric anesthesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441411/interrater-variability-in-asa-physical-status-assignment-an-analysis-in-the-pediatric-cancer-setting
#1
Luis E Tollinche, Gloria Yang, Kay-See Tan, Ruth Borchardt
BACKGROUND: The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status is a universal classification system that helps clinicians to categorize their patients preoperatively. However, there is a lack of both inter-rater and intra-rater reliability among clinicians for the ASA physical status classification. Our study focuses on testing these reliabilities within pediatric anesthesia providers in the cancer setting. METHODS: In our retrospective observational study, a total of 1177 anesthesia records were reviewed...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436135/news-from-the-pediatric-anesthesia-societies-sarnepi-sicp-guidelines-for-pediatric-day-surgery
#2
Maria Sammartino, Simonetta Tesoro, Giorgio Conti, Fabio Sbaraglia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370891/risk-factors-for-venous-thromboembolic-events-in-pediatric-surgical-patients-defining-indications-for-prophylaxis
#3
Sarah B Cairo, Timothy B Lautz, Beverly A Schaefer, Guan Yu, Hibbut-Ur-Rauf Naseem, David H Rothstein
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) in pediatric surgical patients is a rare event. The risk factors for VTE in pediatric general surgery patients undergoing abdominopelvic procedures are unknown. STUDY DESIGN: The American College of Surgeon's National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatric (NSQIP-P) database (2012-2015) was queried for patients with VTE after abdominopelvic general surgery procedures. Patient and operative variables were assessed to identify risk factors associated with VTE and develop a pediatric risk score...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319604/the-european-society-of-regional-anaesthesia-and-pain-therapy-american-society-of-regional-anesthesia-and-pain-medicine-recommendations-on-local-anesthetics-and-adjuvants-dosage-in-pediatric-regional-anesthesia
#4
Santhanam Suresh, Claude Ecoffey, Adrian Bosenberg, Per-Anne Lonnqvist, Gildasio S de Oliveira, Oscar de Leon Casasola, José de Andrés, Giorgio Ivani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dosage of local anesthetics (LAs) used for regional anesthesia in children is not well determined. In order to evaluate and come to a consensus regarding some of these controversial topics, The European Society of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therapy (ESRA) and the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ASRA) developed a Joint Committee Practice Advisory on Local Anesthetics and Adjuvants Dosage in Pediatric Regional Anesthesia. METHODS: Representatives from both ASRA and ESRA composed the joint committee practice advisory...
January 9, 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287872/what-to-do-with-medialized-tympanostomy-tubes-a-survey-of-pediatric-otolaryngologists
#5
Aren Bezdjian, Joanna Jiang, Alexandra Maby, Sam J Daniel
INTRODUCTION: Tympanostomy tube placement is the most common surgical procedure performed in children. Medial migration of a tympanostomy tube is a rare occurrence where the tube migrates into the middle ear cavity as opposed to its normal extrusion into the external auditory canal. Whether medialized tympanostomy tubes should be surgically removed in asymptomatic patients is controversial. The objective of this study was to determine experience and management approach of medialized tympanostomy tubes among pediatric otolaryngologists...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286275/the-2017-seventh-world-congress-of-pediatric-cardiology-cardiac-surgery-week-in-review-congenital-cardiac-anaesthesia
#6
Mark Twite, Wanda Miller-Hance
The seventh meeting of the World Congress of Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery was an opportunity for healthcare professionals from around the world to meet and discuss current issues affecting patients with acquired and CHD. A dedicated anaesthesia track facilitated the exchange of ideas and fostered many new friendships. This review highlights the congenital cardiac anaesthesia track and the involvement of the Congenital Cardiac Anesthesia Society in the congress.
December 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285834/evidence-for-increased-use-of-the-society-of-pediatric-anesthesia-critical-events-checklist-in-resource-limited-environments-a-retrospective-observational-study-of-app-data
#7
Vikas N O'Reilly-Shah, Jamie Kitzman, Craig S Jabaley, Grant C Lynde
BACKGROUND: Electronic decision support tools in anesthesiology practice have great value, including the potential for mobile applications to simplify delivery of best-practice guidelines. AIMS: We sought to combine demographics with usage information to elucidate important patterns in the rate of use of the Society of Pediatric Anesthesia Critical Events Checklist, as measured by in-app accesses of the checklist via the freely available anesthesia calculator app anesthesiologist...
December 28, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284876/dexmedetomidine-versus-magnesium-sulfate-in-anesthesia-for-cochlear-implantation-surgery-in-pediatric-patients
#8
Passaint Fahim Hassan, Amany Hassan Saleh
Context: Cochlear implantation surgery represents a great advance in ENT surgeries. Special anesthetic managements were required to provide bloodless surgical field and monitoring of the facial nerve. Aims: We aimed to compare both dexmedetomidine and magnesium sulfate as regards their efficacy in inducing deliberate hypotension and providing better quality of the surgical field during cochlear implantation in pediatrics. Settings and Design: Prospective, randomized double-blinded study...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234873/predictors-for-incidence-of-increased-time-spent-in-hospital-after-ambulatory-surgery-in-children-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Takaya Nishida, Takahiro Mihara, Koui Ka
PURPOSE: Recently, pediatric ambulatory surgery has become common. However, for some of these patients, unplanned admission or prolonged hospital stay is also necessary, which can increase the mental burden on these patients. The aim of this study was to identify the predictors of the incidence of increased time spent in hospitals associated with pediatric ambulatory surgery. METHODS: Data were obtained from the medical and anesthetic records of 1087 consecutive patients aged < 18 years who underwent ambulatory surgery under general anesthesia...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223665/guidelines-and-checklists-for-short-term-missions-in-global-pediatric-surgery-recommendations-from-the-american-academy-of-pediatrics-delivery-of-surgical-care-global-health-subcommittee-american-pediatric-surgical-association-global-pediatric-surgery-committee
#10
REVIEW
Marilyn Butler, Elizabeth Drum, Faye M Evans, Tamara Fitzgerald, Jason Fraser, Ai-Xuan Holterman, Howard Jen, J Matthew Kynes, Jenny Kreiss, Craig D McClain, Mark Newton, Benedict Nwomeh, James O'Neill, Doruk Ozgediz, George Politis, Henry Rice, David Rothstein, Julie Sanchez, Mark Singleton, Francine S Yudkowitz
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric surgeons, anesthesia providers, and nurses from North America and other high-income countries (HICs) are increasingly engaged in resource-limited areas, with short-term missions (STMs) as the most common form of involvement. However, consensus recommendations currently do not exist for STMs in pediatric general surgery and associated perioperative care. METHODS: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Delivery of Surgical Care Subcommittee and American Pediatric Surgical Association (APSA) Global Pediatric Surgery Committee, with the American Pediatric Surgical Nurses Association, Inc...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187151/pediatric-premedication-a-double-blind-randomized-trial-of-dexmedetomidine-or-ketamine-alone-versus-a-combination-of-dexmedetomidine-and-ketamine
#11
Hui Qiao, Zhi Xie, Jie Jia
BACKGROUND: Preoperative anxiety is common in pediatric patients. When dexmedetomidine is used alone for sedation as premedication, children tend to awaken when separated from their parents, and body movements occur during invasive procedures. We tested the hypothesis that the combination of dexmedetomidine and ketamine may be a useful premedication to alleviate preoperative anxiety and improve cooperation during intravenous cannulation in pediatric patients, while producing minimal adverse events...
November 29, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161549/ultrasound-guided-versus-conventional-injection-for-caudal-block-in-children-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-study
#12
Ali Ahiskalioglu, Ahmet Murat Yayik, Elif Oral Ahiskalioglu, Mursel Ekinci, Birzat Emre Gölboyu, Erkan Cem Celik, Haci Ahmet Alici, Akgun Oral, Saban Oguz Demirdogen
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacies of ultrasound guided sacral hiatus injection and conventional sacral canal injection performed for caudal block in children. DESIGN: Randomized controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Operating rooms of university hospital of Erzurum, Turkey. PATIENTS: One hundred-thirty four children, American Society of Anesthesiologists I-II, between the ages of 5 and 12, scheduled for elective phimosis and circumcision surgery...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157882/current-perioperative-care-of-infants-with-pyloric-stenosis-comparison-of-survey-results
#13
Richard S Cartabuke, Joseph D Tobias, Julie Rice, Dmitry Tumin
BACKGROUND: Considerable variation in the perioperative management of infants with pyloric stenosis (PS) led the authors to undertake a survey of pediatric anesthesiologists to determine if consensus-based guidelines could be developed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Physicians who are members of the Society for Pediatric Anesthesia or the Association of Pediatric Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland completed an online questionnaire through SurveyMonkey regarding current management of patients with PS...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033727/ultrasound-assessment-of-cranial-spread-during-caudal-blockade-in-children-effect-of-different-volumes-of-local-anesthetic
#14
Chandni Sinha, Amarjeet Kumar, Shalini Sharma, Akhilesh Kumar Singh, Somak Majumdar, Ajeet Kumar, Nishant Sahay, Bindey Kumar, U K Bhadani
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided caudal block injection is a simple, safe, and effective method of anesthesia/analgesia in pediatric patients. The volume of caudal drug required has always been a matter of debate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This present prospective, randomized, double-blinded study aimed to measure extent of the cranial spread of caudally administered levobupivacaine in Indian children by means of real-time ultrasonography. Ninety American Society of Anesthesiologists I/II children scheduled for urogenital surgeries were enrolled in this trial...
October 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033724/comparison-of-laryngeal-tube-suction-ii-and-proseal-lma%C3%A2-in-pediatric-patients-undergoing-elective-surgery
#15
Saurabh Chandrakar, Deepak Kumar Sreevastava, Sidharth Bhasin, Mridul Dhar
BACKGROUND: Supraglottic airway devices now have an established place in pediatric anesthesia practice. The laryngeal tube suction (LTS) II, a recent revision of the LTS, has very few studies evaluating its use in pediatric patients. The aim of this study was to compare insertion and ventilation profiles of the LTS-II size 2 and the ProSeal™ Laryngeal Mask Airway (PLMA) size 2 in pediatric patients undergoing elective surgeries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized prospective study was conducted in 100 children aged 2-5 years between 12 and 25 kg weight, of the American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I and II scheduled for routine elective surgeries of <90 min duration...
October 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937887/characteristics-and-associated-comorbidities-of-pediatric-dental-patients-treated-under-general-anesthesia
#16
Alexandra Delfiner, Aaron Myers, Christie Lumsden, Steve Chussid, Richard Yoon
OBJECTIVE: To describe characteristics and identify common comorbidities of children receiving dental treatment under general anesthesia at Children's Hospital of New York-Presbyterian. STUDY DESIGN: Electronic medical records of all children that received dental treatment under general anesthesia through the Division of Pediatric Dentistry from 2012-2014 were reviewed. Data describing patient characteristics (age, sex, race/ethnicity, insurance carrier, and American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification system), medical history, and justification for treatment were collected...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922234/consensus-statement-by-the-congenital-cardiac-anesthesia-society-milestones-for-the-pediatric-cardiac-anesthesia-fellowship
#17
Viviane G Nasr, Nina A Guzzetta, Wanda C Miller-Hance, Mark Twite, Gregory J Latham, Luis Zabala, Susan C Nicolson, Emad B Mossad, James A DiNardo
Pediatric cardiac anesthesiology has evolved as a subspecialty of both pediatric and cardiac anesthesiology and is devoted to caring for individuals with congenital heart disease ranging in age from neonates to adults. Training in pediatric cardiac anesthesia is a second-year fellowship with variability in both training duration and content and is not accredited by the Accreditation Council on Graduate Medical Education. Consequently, in this article and based on the Accreditation Council on Graduate Medical Education Milestones Model, an expert panel of the Congenital Cardiac Anesthesia Society, a section of the Society of Pediatric Anesthesiology, defines 18 milestones as competency-based developmental outcomes for training in the pediatric cardiac anesthesia fellowship...
September 14, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858554/office-based-anesthesia-safety-and-outcomes-in-pediatric-dental-patients
#18
Allison L Spera, Mark A Saxen, Juan F Yepes, James E Jones, Brian J Sanders
The number of children with caries requiring general anesthesia to achieve comprehensive dental care and the demand for dentist anesthesiologists to provide ambulatory anesthesia for these patients is increasing. No current published studies examine the safety and outcomes of ambulatory anesthesia performed by dentist anesthesiologists for dental procedures in pediatric patients, and there is no national requirement for reporting outcomes of these procedures. In 2010, the Society for Ambulatory Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry was developed...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817401/challenges-in-the-anesthetic-management-of-ambulatory-patients-in-the-mri-suites
#19
Jasper Deen, Yzabel Vandevivere, Peter Van de Putte
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: MRI is becoming an indispensable diagnostic tool. The need for prolonged motion-free periods has substantially increased the need for deep sedation or anesthesia in a challenging environment. This review summarises recent literature with respect to pharmacological sedative strategies, nonpharmacological alternative approaches, airway management and safety issues in the ambulatory setting. RECENT FINDINGS: Most literature researches the pediatric patient population...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742772/medication-errors-in-pediatric-anesthesia-a-report-from-the-wake-up-safe-quality-improvement-initiative
#20
Lauren M Y Lobaugh, Lizabeth D Martin, Laura E Schleelein, Donald C Tyler, Ronald S Litman
BACKGROUND: Wake Up Safe is a quality improvement initiative of the Society for Pediatric Anesthesia that contains a deidentified registry of serious adverse events occurring in pediatric anesthesia. The aim of this study was to describe and characterize reported medication errors to find common patterns amenable to preventative strategies. METHODS: In September 2016, we analyzed approximately 6 years' worth of medication error events reported to Wake Up Safe. Medication errors were classified by: (1) medication category; (2) error type by phase of administration: prescribing, preparation, or administration; (3) bolus or infusion error; (4) provider type and level of training; (5) harm as defined by the National Coordinating Council for Medication Error Reporting and Prevention; and (6) perceived preventability...
September 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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