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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631089/targeted-temperature-management-in-the-icu-guidelines-from-a-french-expert-panel
#1
REVIEW
Alain Cariou, Jean-François Payen, Karim Asehnoune, Gerard Audibert, Astrid Botte, Olivier Brissaud, Guillaume Debaty, Sandrine Deltour, Nicolas Deye, Nicolas Engrand, Gilles Francony, Stéphane Legriel, Bruno Levy, Philippe Meyer, Jean-Christophe Orban, Sylvain Renolleau, Bernard Vigue, Laure De Saint Blanquat, Cyrille Mathien, Lionel Velly
Over the recent period, the use of induced hypothermia has gained an increasing interest for critically ill patients, in particular in brain-injured patients. The term "targeted temperature management" (TTM) has now emerged as the most appropriate when referring to interventions used to reach and maintain a specific level temperature for each individual. TTM may be used to prevent fever, to maintain normothermia, or to lower core temperature. This treatment is widely used in intensive care units, mostly as a primary neuroprotective method...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625557/-more-than-3-hours-and-less-than-3-years-safety-of-anaesthetic-procedures-in-infants-less-than-3-years-old-subected-to-surgery-for-more-the-3-hours
#2
Julián Álvarez Escudero, Rosa María Paredes Esteban, Francisco José Cambra Lasaosa, Máximo Vento, Maite López Gil, Juan Carlos de Agustín Asencio, María Teresa Moral Pumarega
An FDA alert in December 2016 on the safety of general anesthesia and sedations in patients less than 3 years of age and pregnant women has raised doubts in relation to the attitude that professionals implicated in these procedures should adopt in relation to these specific group of patients. Confronted with this situation, the following medical scientific societies: Sociedad Española de Anestesia y Reanimación (SEDAR), Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica (SECP), Sociedad Española de Cuidados Intensivos Pediátricos (SECIP) y Sociedad Española de Neonatología (SENeo), have established a working group to analyze and clarify the safety of these techniques...
June 15, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593682/interactive-pediatric-emergency-checklists-to-the-palm-of-your-hand-how-the-pedi-crisis-app-traveled-around-the-world
#3
Jorge A Gálvez, Justin L Lockman, Laura E Schleelein, Allan F Simpao, Luis M Ahumada, Bryan A Wolf, Maully J Shah, Eugenie Heitmiller, Mohamed Rehman
BACKGROUND: Cognitive aids help clinicians manage critical events and have been shown to improve outcomes by providing critical information at the point of care. Critical event guidelines, such as the Society of Pediatric Anesthesia's Critical Events Checklists described in this article, can be distributed globally via interactive smartphone apps. From October 1, 2013 to January 1, 2014, we performed an observational study to determine the global distribution and utilization patterns of the Pedi Crisis cognitive aid app that the Society for Pediatric Anesthesia developed...
June 7, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525513/an-observational-assessment-of-anesthesia-capacity-in-madagascar-as-a-prerequisite-to-the-development-of-a-national-surgical-plan
#4
Linden S Baxter, Vaonandianina A Ravelojaona, Hasiniaina N Rakotoarison, Alison Herbert, Emily Bruno, Kristin L Close, Vanessa Andean, Hery H Andriamanjato, Mark G Shrime, Michelle C White
BACKGROUND: The global lack of anesthesia capacity is well described, but country-specific data are needed to provide country-specific solutions. We aimed to assess anesthesia capacity in Madagascar as part of the development of a Ministry of Health national surgical plan. METHODS: As part of a nationwide surgical safety quality improvement project, we surveyed 19 of 22 regional hospitals, representing surgical facilities caring for 75% of the total population. The assessment was divided into 3 areas: anesthesia workforce density, infrastructure and equipment, and medications...
June 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494878/factors-influencing-postoperative-pain-following-discharge-in-pediatric-ambulatory-surgery-patients
#5
Yi Cai, Lindsay Lopata, Arthur Roh, Mary Huang, Matthew A Monteleone, Shuang Wang, Lena S Sun
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To identify demographic, intraoperative, and parental factors that influence the postoperative pain experience in ambulatory surgery pediatric patients. We also monitored postoperative maladaptive behavior changes (PMBCs) to investigate the relationship between pain and PMBCs. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Discharge period after ambulatory surgery. PATIENTS: 204 patients ages 1-6years undergoing ambulatory orthopedic, urology, general surgery, and otolaryngology surgical procedures who were American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I or II...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437787/a-comparison-of-three-different-volumes-of-levobupivacaine-for-caudal-block-in-children-undergoing-orchidopexy-and-inguinal-hernia-repair
#6
Vesna Marjanovic, Ivana Budic, Marija Stevic, Dusica Simic
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of three different volumes of 0.25% levobupivacaine caudally administered on the effect of intra- and post-operative analgesia in children undergoing orchidopexy and inguinal hernia repair. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty children, aged 1 to 7 years, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I and II, were randomized into 3 different groups according to the applied volumes of 0.25% levobupivacaine: group 1 (n=13): 0...
April 23, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383193/news-from-the-pediatric-anesthesia-societies-the-german-scientific-working-group-for-paediatric-anaesthesia-wissenschaftlicher-arbeitskreis-kinderan%C3%A3-sthesie-wakka
#7
Karin Becke, Christoph Bernhard Eich, Claudia Höhne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265695/pediatric-interventional-radiology-workforce-survey-10-year-follow-up
#8
Claire S Kaufman, Charles A James, Roger K Harned, Bairbre L Connolly, Derek J Roebuck, Anne M Cahill, Josee Dubois, Frank P Morello, Robin K Morgan, Manrita K Sidhu
BACKGROUND: Pediatric interventional radiology is a distinct subspecialty differing from both pediatric diagnostic radiology and adult interventional radiology. We conducted a workforce survey in 2005 to evaluate the state of pediatric interventional radiology at that time. Since then there have been many advancements to the subspecialty, including the founding of the Society for Pediatric Interventional Radiology (SPIR). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the current state of the pediatric interventional radiology workforce and compare findings with those of the initial 2005 workforce survey...
May 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230608/specialized-imaging-and-procedures-in-pediatric-pancreatology-a-north-american-society-for-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-clinical-report
#9
Tom K Lin, David M Troendle, Daniel B Wallihan, Bradley Barth, Victor L Fox, Douglas S Fishman, Veronique D Morinville
OBJECTIVES: An increasing number of children are being diagnosed with pancreatitis and other pancreatic abnormalities. Dissemination of the information regarding existing imaging techniques and endoscopic modalities to diagnose and manage pancreatic disorders in children is sorely needed. METHODS: We conducted a review of the medical literature on the use of the following imaging and procedural modalities in pediatric pancreatology: transabdominal ultrasonography (TUS), computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)/magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP), endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS), and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211198/safety-of-antifibrinolytics-in-cranial-vault-reconstructive-surgery-a-report-from-the-pediatric-craniofacial-collaborative-group
#10
Susan M Goobie, Franklyn P Cladis, Chris D Glover, Henry Huang, Srijaya K Reddy, Allison M Fernandez, David Zurakowski, Paul A Stricker, Heike Gries
BACKGROUND: Antifibrinolytic therapy significantly decreases blood loss and transfusion in pediatric cranial vault reconstructive surgery; however, concern regarding the side effects profile limits clinical use. AIMS: The aim was to utilize the Pediatric Craniofacial Surgery Perioperative Registry database to identify the safety profile of antifibrinolytic therapy for cranial vault reconstructive surgery by reporting the incidence of adverse events as they relate to exposure to tranexamic acid and aminocaproic acid compared to no exposure to antifibrinolytics...
March 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183579/determination-of-insertion-depth-of-flexible-laryngeal-mask-airway-in-pediatric-population-a-prospective-observational-study
#11
Ji-Hyun Lee, Hye-Won Oh, In-Kyung Song, Jin-Tae Kim, Chong-Sung Kim, Hee-Soo Kim
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the ideal insertion depth of the flexible laryngeal mask airway (FLMA) by elucidating the relationships between insertion depth and patient's age, body weight, height, and other parameters. We also evaluated an insertion technique that uses the change in intracuff pressure for proper positioning of the FLMA in cases where it is difficult to sense resistance during FLMA insertion. DESIGN: This study was a prospective observational study...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162162/-application-of-ultrasound-guidance-for-fascia-iliaca-compartment-block-in-pediatric-femoral-surgery
#12
Y Nan, Q Q Yang, X W Li, T Li, J Li
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of ultrasound guidance for fascia iliaca compartment block in pediatric femoral surgery. Methods: This study was a prospective study, thirty children who were American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) statusⅠ with 5-10 years old scheduled for femoral surgery were selected in orthopedics department in Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from May to December in 2014. After induction of general anesthesia, all the children were inserted the laryngeal mask...
January 24, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130755/prevention-and-therapy-of-pediatric-emergence-delirium-a-national-survey
#13
Christopher Huett, Torsten Baehner, Felix Erdfelder, Claudia Hoehne, Christian Bode, Andreas Hoeft, Richard K Ellerkmann
INTRODUCTION: Although pediatric emergence delirium (ED) is common, preventive and therapeutic pharmacological treatment is the matter of an international controversial discussion and evidence on different options is partially vague. OBJECTIVE: We therefore examined clinical routine in prevention strategies and postoperative therapy of ED with respect to clinical experience in pediatric anesthesia. METHODS: A web-based survey was developed investigating routine management (prevention and treatment) of ED, facility structure, and patient population...
April 2017: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099323/anesthesia-and-databases-pediatric-cardiac-disease-as-a-role-model
#14
David F Vener, Sara K Pasquali, Emad B Mossad
Large data sets have now become ubiquitous in clinical medicine; they are particularly useful in high-acuity, low-volume conditions such as congenital heart disease where data must be collected from many centers. These data fall into 2 categories: administrative data arising from hospital admissions and charges and clinical data relating to specific diseases or procedures. In congenital cardiac diseases, there are now over a dozen of these data sets or registries focusing on various elements of patient care...
February 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079584/the-development-and-implementation-of-cognitive-aids-for-critical-events-in-pediatric-anesthesia-the-society-for-pediatric-anesthesia-critical-events-checklists
#15
Anna Clebone, Barbara K Burian, Scott C Watkins, Jorge A Gálvez, Justin L Lockman, Eugenie S Heitmiller
Cognitive aids such as checklists are commonly used in modern operating rooms for routine processes, and the use of such aids may be even more important during critical events. The Quality and Safety Committee of the Society for Pediatric Anesthesia (SPA) has developed a set of critical-event checklists and cognitive aids designed for 3 purposes: (1) as a repository of the latest evidence-based and expert opinion-based information to guide response and management of critical events, (2) as a source of just-in-time information during critical events, and (3) as a method to facilitate a shared understanding of required actions among team members during a critical event...
March 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067703/anesthesia-for-ambulatory-pediatric-surgery-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-pilot-study-in-burkina-faso
#16
Yvette B Kabré, Idriss S S Traoré, Flavien A R Kaboré, Bertille Ki, Alain I Traoré, Isso Ouédraogo, Emile Bandré, Albert Wandaogo, Nazinigouba Ouédraogo
BACKGROUND: Long surgical wait times and limited hospital capacity are common obstacles to surgical care in many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Introducing ambulatory surgery might contribute to a solution to these problems. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of introducing ambulatory surgery into a pediatric hospital in SSA. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study that took place over 6 months. It includes all patients assigned to undergo ambulatory surgery in the Pediatric University Hospital in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso...
February 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901299/first-steps-in-validating-the-pediatric-anesthesia-parent-satisfaction-paps-survey
#17
Sarah J Milliken-Glabe, Jeannie Zuk, Sonja I Ziniel, Kara A Bjur, Monica Alvarez, Judit M Szolnoki, Norah R Janosy
BACKGROUND: In the last few decades, patient satisfaction has become a critical component of quality assessment and is being incorporated into payment for performance plans. However, assessment of satisfaction with anesthesia services is problematic and few validated satisfaction tools have been published. Assessing parent satisfaction with pediatric anesthesia services is even more challenging. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to develop, implement, and start validating a set of survey questions that evaluate parental satisfaction with the pediatric anesthesia services in order to identify strengths and potential areas for improvement...
February 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846126/implementation-of-the-american-society-of-anesthesiology-s-guidelines-to-reduce-prolonged-fasting-times-in-pediatric-preoperative-patients-a-best-practice-implementation-project
#18
Carol M Costello
BACKGROUND: The American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) guidelines for pediatric preoperative fasting have been a standard for well over a decade. However, use of protocols involving an excessive fasting duration exposes patients to the physiological impacts of fluid volume loss. OBJECTIVES: The current project aimed to improve fluid supplementation during presurgical fasting in pediatric patients at an academic medical center. Specific objectives were to increase clinical staff knowledge regarding ASA fasting standards and implement them in specific pediatric patient populations...
October 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833485/toward-competency-based-curriculum-application-of-workplace-based-assessment-tools-in-the-national-saudi-arabian-anesthesia-training-program
#19
Ama Boker
BACKGROUND: The anesthesia training program of the Saudi Commission for health specialties has introduced a developed competency-based anesthesia residency program starting from 2015 with the utilization of the workplace-based assessment (WBA) tools, namely mini-clinical exercises (mini-CEX), direct observation of procedural skills (DOPS), and case-based discussion (CBD). OBJECTIVES: This work aimed to describe the process of development of anesthesia-specific list of mini-CEX, DOPS, and CBD tools within the Saudi Arabian Anesthesia Training Programs...
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831957/a-time-out-checklist-for-pediatric-regional-anesthetics
#20
Anna Clebone, Barbara K Burian, David M Polaner
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although pediatric regional anesthesia has a demonstrated record of safety, adverse events, especially those related to block performance issues, still may occur. To reduce the frequency of those events, we developed a Regional Anesthesia Time-Out Checklist using expert opinion and the Delphi method. METHODS: A content development and review was performed by the authors and the Society for Pediatric Anesthesia Quality and Safety Committee...
January 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
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