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Society for pediatric anesthesia

Kirsten C Odegard, Robert Vincent, Rahul G Baijal, Suanne M Daves, Robert G Gray, Alexander J Javois, Barry A Love, Philip Moore, David Nykanen, Lori Q Riegger, Scott G Walker, Elizabeth C Wilson
Current practice of sedation and anesthesia for patients undergoing pediatric and congenital cardiac catheterization laboratory (PCCCL) procedures is known to vary among institutions, a multi-society expert panel with representatives from the Congenital Heart Disease Council of the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, the Society for Pediatric Anesthesia and the Congenital Cardiac Anesthesia Society was convened to evaluate the types of sedation and personnel necessary for procedures performed in the PCCCL...
October 3, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Mineto Kamata, Corey Stiver, Aymen Naguib, Dmitry Tumin, Joseph D Tobias
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effect of ventricular morphology on perioperative outcomes during Fontan surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Single standing, not-for-profit pediatric hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 72 patients who underwent Fontan surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass without aortic cross-clamp between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2014. INTERVENTIONS: None...
July 19, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
David Schnell, Elie Azoulay, Dominique Benoit, Benjamin Clouzeau, Pierre Demaret, Stéphane Ducassou, Pierre Frange, Matthieu Lafaurie, Matthieu Legrand, Anne-Pascale Meert, Djamel Mokart, Jérôme Naudin, Frédéric Pene, Antoine Rabbat, Emmanuel Raffoux, Patricia Ribaud, Jean-Christophe Richard, François Vincent, Jean-Ralph Zahar, Michael Darmon
Neutropenia is defined by either an absolute or functional defect (acute myeloid leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome) of polymorphonuclear neutrophils and is associated with high risk of specific complications that may require intensive care unit (ICU) admission. Specificities in the management of critically ill neutropenic patients prompted the establishment of guidelines dedicated to intensivists. These recommendations were drawn up by a panel of experts brought together by the French Intensive Care Society in collaboration with the French Group for Pediatric Intensive Care Emergencies, the French Society of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, the French Society of Hematology, the French Society for Hospital Hygiene, and the French Infectious Diseases Society...
December 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
Yiquan Lin, Ying Chen, Jingxia Huang, Hongbin Chen, Weihua Shen, Wenjun Guo, Qianru Chen, Hongfeng Ling, Xiaoliang Gan
STUDY OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to test the hypothesis that premedication with a single dose of intranasal dexmedetomidine (DEX) could not only reduce preoperative anxiety but also minimize the emergence agitation in children undergoing cataract surgery with sevoflurane anesthesia. DESIGN: Single-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical comparison study. SETTING: Academic medical center. PATIENTS: Ninety American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status 1 and 2 children scheduled for cataract surgery...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Madhankumar Sathyamoorthy, Jerrold Lerman, Victoria I Okhomina, Alan D Penman
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to characterize the current practice patterns with cuffed tracheal tubes (CTT) in neonates, infants, and children among members of the Society of Pediatric Anesthesia (SPA). DESIGN AND SETTING: An electronic mail survey was distributed using Survey Monkey to members of SPA between December 2013 and February 2014. Each member was permitted one response. PATIENTS/INTERVENTION/MEASUREMENTS: Not applicable as this is a practice survey study...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Elizabeth K Landry, Rodney A Gabriel, Sascha Beutler, Richard P Dutton, Richard D Urman
BACKGROUND: Currently, there are only a few retrospective, single-institution studies that have addressed the prevalence and risk factors associated with unplanned admissions to the pediatric intensive care unit (ICU) after surgery. Based on the limited amount of studies, it appears that airway and respiratory complications put a child at increased risk for unplanned ICU admission. A more extensive and diverse analysis of unplanned postoperative admissions to the ICU is needed to address risk factors that have yet to be revealed by the current literature...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Carmen Sulton, Courtney McCracken, Harold K Simon, Kiran Hebbar, Jason Reynolds, Joseph Cravero, Michael Mallory, Pradip Kamat
OBJECTIVES: Dexmedetomidine (DEX) is widely used in pediatric procedural sedation (PPS) by a variety of pediatric subspecialists. The objective of our study was to describe the overall rates of adverse events and serious adverse events (SAEs) when DEX is used by various pediatric subspecialists. METHODS: Patients from the Pediatric Sedation Research Consortium (PSRC) database were retrospectively reviewed and children that received DEX as their primary sedation agent for elective PPS were identified...
September 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
Bahar Colpan, Seza Apiliogullari, Omer Erdur, Jale Bengi Celik, Ates Duman, Hakan Senaran, Kayhan Ozturk
OBJECTIVES: Persistent or transient hearing loss (HL) is a less-recognized complication of spinal anesthesia (SA) in the pediatric population, although it has been previously reported in adults. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the effects of SA on auditory function in the pediatric population. METHODS: After gaining institutional approval and parental consent, 30 American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-II children between 4 and 15 years undergoing lower extremity orthopedic surgery were enrolled in this prospective study...
September 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Eyyup Sabri Ozden, Basak Ceyda Meco, Zekeriyya Alanoglu, Neslihan Alkıs
We aimed to compare cuffed and uncuffed endotracheal tubes (ETTs) with ProSealTM laryngeal mask airway (PLMA) in terms of airway security and extubation, starting out from the hypothesis that PLMA will provide alternative airway safety to the endotracheal tubes, and that airway complications will be less observed. After obtaining approval from the local Ethics Committee and parental informed consent, 120 pediatric patients 1-24 months old, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-II, requiring general anesthesia for elective lower abdominal surgery, were randomized into PLMA (Group P, n = 40), cuffed ETT (Group C, n = 40), and uncuffed ETT (Group UC, n = 40) groups...
July 12, 2016: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
S M Asida, S S Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is an useful alternative to endotracheal tube for airway management. The risk of life-threatening adverse respiratory events during its use is rare, but we need to know about the risk-adjusted prediction of its insertion failure requiring rescue tracheal intubation and its impact on patient outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five hundred patients; 6 months to 12-year-old, American Society of Anesthesiologists I and II scheduled to undergo elective surgical procedures that require general anesthesia were included in this study...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
R Wang, W H Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of intranasal midazolam premedication on children who undergoing inhaled induction of anesthesia with sevoflurane. METHODS: One hundred American Society of Anesthesiologists(ASA)Ⅰ-Ⅱ children undergoing elective operations in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital from June 2014 to June 2015 were randomly assigned into 2 groups, and 50 cases in each group. Patients received different intranasal premedication giving 30 min before anesthesia: midazolam 0...
June 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Florian Friedmacher, Prem Puri
PURPOSE: The diagnosis of Hirschsprung's disease (HD) was revolutionized by the introduction of rectal suction biopsy (RSB), allowing specimens to be taken without general anesthesia on the ward or as an out-patient procedure. However, insufficient tissue samples are not uncommon, and subsequently histopathologists often remain reluctant to confirm the presence or absence of enteric ganglion cells merely on the basis of submucosal RSBs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the current usage of RSB in the diagnostic work-up of HD based on an international survey...
August 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
Danton Char, Chandra Ramamoorthy, Lisa Wise-Faberowski
As physicians and caregivers of children with congenital heart disease, we are aware of the increasing need for procedures requiring anesthesia. While these procedures may be ideal for medical and cardiac surgical management, the risks and benefits must be assessed carefully. There are well known risks of cardiovascular and respiratory complications from anesthesia and sedation and a potentially under-appreciated risk of neurocognitive dysfunction. Both animal and human studies support the detrimental effects of repeated anesthetic exposure on the developing brain...
May 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
Ravi Bhat, M C B Santhosh, Venkatesh M Annigeri, Raghavendra P Rao
BACKGROUND: Goal of premedication in pediatric anesthesia are relieving pre and postoperative anxiety, good parental separation, and smooth induction of anesthesia. Anxiety can produce aggressive reactions, increased distress, increased postoperative pain and postoperative agitation. The benzodiazepine, midazolam, is the most frequently used premedication in pediatric anesthesia. Midazolam has a number of beneficial effects when used as premedication in children: Sedation, fast onset, and limited duration of action...
May 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Vigya Goyal, Jyotsna Kubre, Krishnaprabha Radhakrishnan
CONTEXT: Postoperative pain management is becoming an integral part of anesthesia care. Various techniques of pediatric pain relief have been designed among which the most commonly practiced is caudal epidural block. Several adjuvants have been used to prolong the duration of caudal analgesia such as clonidine, neostigmine, ketamine, opioids, and ephedrine. We have designed the study using dexmedetomidine as an adjuvant to assess analgesic efficacy, duration of postoperative analgesia, hemodynamic stability, postoperative sedation, and any adverse effects in children...
May 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Laura E Schleelein, Ariel M Vincent, Abbas F Jawad, Eric Y Pruitt, Genna D Kreher, Mohamed A Rehman, Theodora K Goebel, David E Cohen, Scott D Cook-Sather
BACKGROUND: Perioperative pediatric adverse events have been challenging to study within and across institutions due to varying definitions, low event rates, and incomplete capture. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine perioperative adverse event prevalence and to evaluate associated case characteristics and potential contributing factors at an academic pediatric quaternary-care center. METHODS: At the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP), perioperative adverse events requiring rapid response assistance are termed Anesthesia Now (AN!) events...
July 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Rodney A Gabriel, Albert Wu, Chuan-Chin Huang, Richard P Dutton, Richard D Urman
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The operating room suite can be one of the most costly units within the hospital. Some of these costs stem from postoperative unplanned admissions, case cancellations, case delays, and extended recovery room times. The objective is to determine the clinical predictors of these operating room inefficiencies. DESIGN: Retrospective data analysis. SETTING: Operating room, postoperative recovery area. PATIENTS: Surgical patients whose perioperative data were reported to the Anesthesia Quality Institute's National Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry from 2010 to 2015...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Lawrence I Schwartz, Mark Twite, Brian Gulack, Kevin Hill, Sunghee Kim, David F Vener
BACKGROUND: Dexmedetomidine is a selective α-2 receptor agonist with a sedative and cardiopulmonary profile that makes it an attractive anesthetic for pediatric patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). Although several smaller, single-center studies suggest that dexmedetomidine use is gaining traction in the perioperative setting in children with CHD, there are limited multicenter data, with little understanding of the variation in use across age ranges, procedural complexity, and centers...
September 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
N M Solanki, S R Engineer, D B Jansari, R J Patel
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Caudal block is a common technique for pediatric analgesia for infraumblical surgeries. Because of the short duration of analgesia with bupivacaine alone various additive have been used to prolong the action of bupivacaine. The present study was aimed to evaluate the analgesic effect of tramadol or fentanyl added to bupivacaine for infraumblical surgeries in pediatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective, randomized, single-blind controlled trial...
April 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
Matthew K Muffly, Tyler M Muffly, Robbie Weterings, Mark Singleton, Anita Honkanen
BACKGROUND: There is no comprehensive database of pediatric anesthesiologists, their demographic characteristics, or geographic location in the United States. METHODS: We endeavored to create a comprehensive database of pediatric anesthesiologists by merging individuals identified as US pediatric anesthesiologists by the American Board of Anesthesiology, National Provider Identifier registry, database, and the Society for Pediatric Anesthesia membership list as of November 5, 2015...
July 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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