keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Judson brewer

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230614/translating-predictions-of-zoonotic-viruses-for-policymakers
#1
Seth D Judson, Matthew LeBreton, Trevon Fuller, Risa M Hoffman, Kevin Njabo, Timothy F Brewer, Elsa Dibongue, Joseph Diffo, Jean-Marc Feussom Kameni, Severin Loul, Godwin W Nchinda, Richard Njouom, Julius Nwobegahay, Jean Michel Takuo, Judith N Torimiro, Abel Wade, Thomas B Smith
Recent outbreaks of Ebola virus disease and Zika virus disease highlight the need for disseminating accurate predictions of emerging zoonotic viruses to national governments for disease surveillance and response. Although there are published maps for many emerging zoonotic viruses, it is unknown if there is agreement among different models or if they are concordant with national expert opinion. Therefore, we reviewed existing predictions for five high priority emerging zoonotic viruses with national experts in Cameroon to investigate these issues and determine how to make predictions more useful for national policymakers...
December 11, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169033/mapping-complex-mind-states-eeg-neural-substrates-of-meditative-unified-compassionate-awareness
#2
Poppy L A Schoenberg, Andrea Ruf, John Churchill, Daniel P Brown, Judson A Brewer
Specific mental training cultivates diminished self-reference, encompassing non-duality, emptiness, awakened-awareness, and compassionate experiences. We aimed to elucidate the neural substrates of four distinct, interdependent Essence-of-Mind states: (1) timelessness, (2) non-preference, non-duality, non-conceptualization, (3) the view of luminosity and limitlessness, (4) unified compassionate experience of oneness (stable awakened-awareness). EEG data were collected from 30 advanced meditators concomitant to eyes-open/eyes-closed resting baseline, followed by 60-min of instructed practice...
November 20, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918456/testing-a-mobile-mindful-eating-intervention-targeting-craving-related-eating-feasibility-and-proof-of-concept
#3
Ashley E Mason, Kinnari Jhaveri, Michael Cohn, Judson A Brewer
Theoretically driven smartphone-delivered behavioral interventions that target mechanisms underlying eating behavior are lacking. In this study, we administered a 28-day self-paced smartphone-delivered intervention rooted in an operant conditioning theoretical framework that targets craving-related eating using mindful eating practices. At pre-intervention and 1-month post-intervention, we assessed food cravings among adult overweight or obese women (N = 104; M age = 46.2 ± 14.1 years; M BMI = 31...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663069/meditation-is-associated-with-increased-brain-network-integration
#4
Remko van Lutterveld, Edwin van Dellen, Prasanta Pal, Hua Yang, Cornelis Jan Stam, Judson Brewer
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to identify novel quantitative EEG measures associated with mindfulness meditation. As there is some evidence that meditation is associated with higher integration of brain networks, we focused on EEG measures of network integration. METHODS: Sixteen novice meditators and sixteen experienced meditators participated in the study. Novice meditators performed a basic meditation practice that supported effortless awareness, which is an important quality of experience related to mindfulness practices, while their EEG was recorded...
September 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990326/brain-mechanisms-of-change-in-addictions-treatment-models-methods-and-emerging-findings
#5
Tammy Chung, Antonio Noronha, Kathleen M Carroll, Marc N Potenza, Kent Hutchison, Vince D Calhoun, John D E Gabrieli, Jon Morgenstern, Sara Jo Nixon, Bruce E Wexler, Judson Brewer, Lara Ray, Francesca Filbey, Timothy J Strauman, Hedy Kober, Sarah W Feldstein Ewing
Increased understanding of "how" and "for whom" treatment works at the level of the brain has potential to transform addictions treatment through the development of innovative neuroscience-informed interventions. The 2015 Science of Change meeting bridged the fields of neuroscience and psychotherapy research to identify brain mechanisms of behavior change that are "common" across therapies, and "specific" to distinct behavioral interventions. Conceptual models of brain mechanisms underlying effects of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, mindfulness interventions, and Motivational Interviewing were discussed...
September 2016: Current Addiction Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903561/keeping-weight-off-study-protocol-of-an-rct-to-investigate-brain-changes-associated-with-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction
#6
Carl Fulwiler, Julia A Siegel, Jeroan Allison, Milagros C Rosal, Judson Brewer, Jean A King
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a growing epidemic fuelled by unhealthy behaviours and associated with significant comorbidities and financial costs. While behavioural interventions produce clinically meaningful weight loss, weight loss maintenance is challenging. This may partially be due to failure to target stress and emotional reactivity. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) reduces stress and emotional reactivity and may be a useful tool for behaviour change maintenance. This study seeks to provide a mechanistic understanding for clinical trials of the benefits of MBSR for weight loss maintenance by examining changes in functional connectivity (FC) and the association of these changes with clinical outcomes...
November 30, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890474/an-exploratory-study-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-emotional-eating
#7
Emily Levoy, Asimina Lazaridou, Judson Brewer, Carl Fulwiler
Emotional eating is an important predictor of weight loss and weight regain after weight loss. This two part study's primary aim was to explore changes in emotional eating in a general population of individuals taking the Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program, with a secondary aim to explore whether changes in mindfulness predicted changes in emotional eating. Self-reported survey data exploring these questions were collected before and after the intervention for two sequential studies (Study 1 and Study 2)...
February 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693614/neural-stress-reactivity-relates-to-smoking-outcomes-and-differentiates-between-mindfulness-and-cognitive-behavioral-treatments
#8
Hedy Kober, Judson A Brewer, Keri L Height, Rajita Sinha
Stress and negative affect are known contributors to drug use and relapse, and several known treatments for addictions include strategies for managing them. In the current study, we administered a well-established stress provocation during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to 23 participants who completed either mindfulness training (MT; N=11) or the American Lung Association's Freedom From Smoking (FFS; N=12), which is a cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) for smoking cessation. Across the entire sample, we found that stress reactivity in several brain regions including the amygdala and anterior/mid insula was related to reductions in smoking after treatment, as well as at 3-month post-treatment follow-up...
May 1, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26921712/source-space-eeg-neurofeedback-links-subjective-experience-with-brain-activity-during-effortless-awareness-meditation
#9
Remko van Lutterveld, Sean D Houlihan, Prasanta Pal, Matthew D Sacchet, Cinque McFarlane-Blake, Payal R Patel, John S Sullivan, Alex Ossadtchi, Susan Druker, Clemens Bauer, Judson A Brewer
BACKGROUND: Meditation is increasingly showing beneficial effects for psychiatric disorders. However, learning to meditate is not straightforward as there are no easily discernible outward signs of performance and thus no direct feedback is possible. As meditation has been found to correlate with posterior cingulate cortex (PCC) activity, we tested whether source-space EEG neurofeedback from the PCC followed the subjective experience of effortless awareness (a major component of meditation), and whether participants could volitionally control the signal...
May 1, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26535904/development-and-validation-of-the-behavioral-tendencies-questionnaire
#10
Nicholas T Van Dam, Anna Brown, Tom B Mole, Jake H Davis, Willoughby B Britton, Judson A Brewer
At a fundamental level, taxonomy of behavior and behavioral tendencies can be described in terms of approach, avoid, or equivocate (i.e., neither approach nor avoid). While there are numerous theories of personality, temperament, and character, few seem to take advantage of parsimonious taxonomy. The present study sought to implement this taxonomy by creating a questionnaire based on a categorization of behavioral temperaments/tendencies first identified in Buddhist accounts over fifteen hundred years ago. Items were developed using historical and contemporary texts of the behavioral temperaments, described as "Greedy/Faithful", "Aversive/Discerning", and "Deluded/Speculative"...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26482755/mindfulness-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-state-of-the-evidence-plausible-mechanisms-and-theoretical-framework
#11
REVIEW
Eric B Loucks, Zev Schuman-Olivier, Willoughby B Britton, David M Fresco, Gaelle Desbordes, Judson A Brewer, Carl Fulwiler
The purpose of this review is to provide (1) a synopsis on relations of mindfulness with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and major CVD risk factors, and (2) an initial consensus-based overview of mechanisms and theoretical framework by which mindfulness might influence CVD. Initial evidence, often of limited methodological quality, suggests possible impacts of mindfulness on CVD risk factors including physical activity, smoking, diet, obesity, blood pressure, and diabetes regulation. Plausible mechanisms include (1) improved attention control (e...
December 2015: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26046612/the-psychological-benefits-from-reconceptualizing-music-making-as-mindfulness-practice
#12
Matthew Steinfeld, Judson Brewer
While the music psychology and education literatures have devoted considerable attention to how musical instrumentalists practice their instruments, less formal scholarly attention has been given in consideration of what it means to maintain a musical "practice" over time and across context. In this paper, the practice of mindfulness meditation is used as heuristic, arguing for a view of mindfulness meditation as a formalized de-specialization of the infinite number of other activities with which people can achieve mindfulness...
June 2015: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25904238/meditation-leads-to-reduced-default-mode-network-activity-beyond-an-active-task
#13
Kathleen A Garrison, Thomas A Zeffiro, Dustin Scheinost, R Todd Constable, Judson A Brewer
Meditation has been associated with relatively reduced activity in the default mode network, a brain network implicated in self-related thinking and mind wandering. However, previous imaging studies have typically compared meditation to rest, despite other studies having reported differences in brain activation patterns between meditators and controls at rest. Moreover, rest is associated with a range of brain activation patterns across individuals that has only recently begun to be better characterized. Therefore, in this study we compared meditation to another active cognitive task, both to replicate the findings that meditation is associated with relatively reduced default mode network activity and to extend these findings by testing whether default mode activity was reduced during meditation, beyond the typical reductions observed during effortful tasks...
September 2015: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25884648/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-smartphone-based-mindfulness-training-for-smoking-cessation-a-study-protocol
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Kathleen A Garrison, Prasanta Pal, Rahil Rojiani, Jesse Dallery, Stephanie S O'Malley, Judson A Brewer
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is responsible for the death of about 1 in 10 individuals worldwide. Mindfulness training has shown preliminary efficacy as a behavioral treatment for smoking cessation. Recent advances in mobile health suggest advantages to smartphone-based smoking cessation treatment including smartphone-based mindfulness training. This study evaluates the efficacy of a smartphone app-based mindfulness training program for improving smoking cessation rates at 6-months follow-up...
April 14, 2015: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25221523/a-computational-account-of-borderline-personality-disorder-impaired-predictive-learning-about-self-and-others-through-bodily-simulation
#15
REVIEW
Sarah K Fineberg, Matthew Steinfeld, Judson A Brewer, Philip R Corlett
Social dysfunction is a prominent and disabling aspect of borderline personality disorder. We reconsider traditional explanations for this problem, especially early disruption in the way an infant feels physical care from its mother, in terms of recent developments in computational psychiatry. In particular, social learning may depend on reinforcement learning though embodied simulations. Such modeling involves calculations based on structures outside the brain such as face and hands, calculations on one's own body that are used to make inferences about others...
2014: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25082484/mindfulness-in-the-military
#16
EDITORIAL
Judson Brewer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2014: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24944863/bold-signal-and-functional-connectivity-associated-with-loving-kindness-meditation
#17
Kathleen A Garrison, Dustin Scheinost, R Todd Constable, Judson A Brewer
Loving kindness is a form of meditation involving directed well-wishing, typically supported by the silent repetition of phrases such as "may all beings be happy," to foster a feeling of selfless love. Here we used functional magnetic resonance imaging to assess the neural substrate of loving kindness meditation in experienced meditators and novices. We first assessed group differences in blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) signal during loving kindness meditation. We next used a relatively novel approach, the intrinsic connectivity distribution of functional connectivity, to identify regions that differ in intrinsic connectivity between groups, and then used a data-driven approach to seed-based connectivity analysis to identify which connections differ between groups...
May 2014: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24611853/finding-the-right-match-mindfulness-training-may-potentiate-the-therapeutic-effect-of-nonjudgment-of-inner-experience-on-smoking-cessation
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Zev Schuman-Olivier, Bettina B Hoeppner, A Eden Evins, Judson A Brewer
Mindfulness training (MT) is an emerging therapeutic modality for addictive disorders. Nonjudgment of inner experience, a component of mindfulness, may influence addiction treatment response. To test whether this component influences smoking cessation, tobacco smokers (n = 85) in a randomized control trial of MT vs. Freedom from Smoking (FFS), a standard cognitive-behaviorally-oriented treatment, were divided into split-half subgroups based on baseline Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire nonjudgment subscale...
April 2014: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24244224/why-is-it-so-hard-to-pay-attention-or-is-it-mindfulness-the-factors-of-awakening-and-reward-based-learning
#19
Judson A Brewer, Jake H Davis, Joseph Goldstein
Though relatively new to Western psychological and spiritual cultures, mindfulness training is becoming more widespread in the general public and is beginning to show promise therapeutically for maladies ranging from generalized stress to specific addictions. However, difficulties remain both with individuals being able to learn core concepts and techniques, such as concentration meditation, and more broadly, with treatment interventions not being optimized to helping individuals learn these. In this manuscript, we examine possible contributing factors to these difficulties...
March 1, 2013: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24106472/what-about-the-self-is-processed-in-the-posterior-cingulate-cortex
#20
REVIEW
Judson A Brewer, Kathleen A Garrison, Susan Whitfield-Gabrieli
In the past decade, neuroimaging research has begun to identify key brain regions involved in self-referential processing, most consistently midline structures such as the posterior cingulate cortex (PCC). The majority of studies have employed cognitive tasks such as judgment about trait adjectives or mind wandering, that have been associated with increased PCC activity. Conversely, tasks that share an element of present-centered attention (being "on task"), ranging from working memory to meditation, have been associated with decreased PCC activity...
2013: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
52746
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"