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Gap junction intercellular communication

Chenju Yi, Jérémy Theillon, Annette Koulakoff, Hugues Berry, Christian Giaume
Intercellular communication through gap junction channels plays a key role in cellular homeostasis and in synchronizing physiological functions, a feature that is modified in number of pathological situations. In the brain, astrocytes are the cell population that expresses the highest amount of gap junction proteins, named connexins. Several techniques have been used to assess the level of gap junctional communication in astrocytes, but so far they remain very difficult to apply in adult brain tissue. Here, using specific loading of astrocytes with sulforhodamine 101, we adapted the gap-FRAP (Fluorescence Recovery After Photobleaching) to acute hippocampal slices from 9 month-old adult mice...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
Sara Crespo Yanguas, Tereza C da Silva, Isabel V A Pereira, Joost Willebrords, Michaël Maes, Marina Sayuri Nogueira, Inar Alves de Castro, Isabelle Leclercq, Guilherme R Romualdo, Luís F Barbisan, Luc Leybaert, Bruno Cogliati, Mathieu Vinken
Although a plethora of signaling pathways are known to drive the activation of hepatic stellate cells in liver fibrosis, the involvement of connexin-based communication in this process remains elusive. Connexin43 expression is enhanced in activated hepatic stellate cells and constitutes the molecular building stone of hemichannels and gap junctions. While gap junctions support intercellular communication, and hence the maintenance of liver homeostasis, hemichannels provide a circuit for extracellular communication and are typically opened by pathological stimuli, such as oxidative stress and inflammation...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Annalucia Carbone, Roberto Zefferino, Elisa Beccia, Valeria Casavola, Stefano Castellani, Sante Di Gioia, Valentina Giannone, Manuela Seia, Antonella Angiolillo, Carla Colombo, Maria Favia, Massimo Conese
We previously found that human amniotic mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs) in coculture with CF immortalised airway epithelial cells (CFBE41o- line, CFBE) on Transwell® filters acquired an epithelial phenotype and led to the expression of a mature and functional CFTR protein. In order to explore the role of gap junction- (GJ-) mediated intercellular communication (GJIC) in this rescue, cocultures (hAMSC : CFBE, 1 : 5 ratio) were studied for the formation of GJIC, before and after silencing connexin 43 (Cx43), a major component of GJs...
2018: Stem Cells International
Kateřina Pěnčíková, Lucie Svržková, Simona Strapáčová, Jiří Neča, Iveta Bartoňková, Zdeněk Dvořák, Martina Hýžďalová, Jakub Pivnička, Lenka Pálková, Hans-Joachim Lehmler, Xueshu Li, Jan Vondráček, Miroslav Machala
The mechanisms contributing to toxic effects of airborne lower-chlorinated PCB congeners (LC-PCBs) remain poorly characterized. We evaluated in vitro toxicities of environmental LC-PCBs found in both indoor and outdoor air (PCB 4, 8, 11, 18, 28 and 31), and selected hydroxylated metabolites of PCB 8, 11 and 18, using reporter gene assays, as well as other functional cellular bioassays. We focused on processes linked with endocrine disruption, tumor promotion and/or regulation of transcription factors controlling metabolism of both endogenous compounds and xenobiotics...
March 5, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Bieke Vanslembrouck, Anna Kremer, Benjamin Pavie, Frans van Roy, Saskia Lippens, Jolanda van Hengel
The intercalated disc (ID) contains different kinds of intercellular junctions: gap junctions (GJs), desmosomes and areae compositae, essential for adhesion and communication between adjacent cardiomyocytes. The junctions can be identified based on their morphology when imaged using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), however, only with very limited information in the z-dimension. The application of volume EM techniques can give insight into the three-dimensional (3-D) organization of complex biological structures...
March 5, 2018: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
Pengbin Yin, Yi Li, Houchen Lv, Yuan Deng, Yutong Meng, Licheng Zhang, Peifu Tang
An emerging concept in intercellular communication in mammals is that communication can be mediated by exchange of genetic material, mainly in the form of RNAs. In this review, we discuss recent studies that describe the trafficking of genetic material with a focus on bone cell communication. Three major carriers are discussed: gap junctions, protein-binding complexes, and genetic material exchange mediated by extracellular vesicles. While protein-level exchange has been well documented, no review has summarized the novel paradigm of cell-to-cell communication by genetic information exchange in bone tissues or its biological relevance in terms of bone homeostasis and bone-related diseases...
February 27, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
Fabien Gava, Lise Rigal, Odile Mondesert, Elise Pesce, Bernard Ducommun, Valérie Lobjois
BACKGROUND: Cancer cell aggregation is a key process involved in the formation of clusters of circulating tumor cells. We previously reported that cell-cell adhesion proteins, such as E-cadherin, and desmosomal proteins are involved in cell aggregation to form clusters independently of cell migration or matrix adhesion. Here, we investigated the involvement of gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) during anchorage-independent clustering of MCF7 breast adenocarcinoma cells. METHODS: We used live cell image acquisition and analysis to monitor the kinetics of MCF7 cell clustering in the presence/absence of GJIC pharmacological inhibitors and to screen a LOPAC® bioactive compound library...
February 27, 2018: BMC Cancer
Deyanira Guadalupe Acuña-Hernández, Laura Arreola-Mendoza, Ramsés Santacruz-Márquez, Sihomara Patricia García-Zepeda, Lyda Yuliana Parra-Forero, Jesús Alberto Olivares-Reyes, Isabel Hernández-Ochoa
In ovarian follicles, cumulus cells communicate with the oocyte through gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC), to nurture the oocyte and control its meiosis arrest and division. Bisphenol A (BPA) is a monomer found in polycarbonate-made containers that can induce functional alterations, including impaired oocyte meiotic division and reduced molecule transfer in GJIC. However, how BPA alters oocyte meiotic division is unclear. We investigated whether BPA effects on oocyte meiotic division were correlated with reduced transfer in GJIC...
February 16, 2018: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Zehe Ge, Haipeng Diao, Xiaoli Ji, Qingping Liu, Xiaoyan Zhang, Qing Wu
Cadmium (Cd), a toxic heavy metal, is known to induce renal toxicity by primarily targeting at renal proximal tubule. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) regulate many pathophysiological processes. Yet, how ER stress and GJIC regulate Cd-induced nephrotoxicity remain elusive. In this study, we treated human proximal tubule (HK-2) cells with 1 μM CdCl2every other day for 12 days and found that Cd significantly increased cell apoptosis at 10 and 12 days. This cytotoxicity correlated with activation of ER stress and apoptotic signaling evidenced by upregulation of inositol-requiring enzyme 1 (IRE1α), splice X-box binding protein-1 (XBP-1s), and apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1) proteins...
February 11, 2018: Toxicology Letters
Yongxian Xu, Luxin Peng, Sicong Wang, Anqi Wang, Ruirui Ma, Ying Zhou, Jiahe Yang, De-En Sun, Wei Lin, Xing Chen, Peng Zou
Membrane voltage is an important biophysical signal that underlies intercellular electrical communications. In this study, we present a novel fluorescent voltage indicator that enables the investigation of electrical signaling at high spatial resolution. Our method is built upon the site-specific modification of microbial rhodopsin proteins with organic fluorophores, resulting in a hybrid indicator scaffold that represents one of the most sensitive and fastest orange-colored voltage indicators developed to date...
February 13, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Zhe Li, Sha Zhang, Liang Cao, Wei Li, Yu-Chen Ye, Zi-Xuan Shi, Zong-Ren Wang, Lian-Xu Sun, Jia-Wei Wang, Lin-Tao Jia, Wen Wang
Tanshinone IIA (Tan IIA) and Astragaloside IV (AGS-IV) were used as therapeutic treatments for coronary heart diseases (CHDs) in ancient China. However, the underlying mechanisms mediating the effects of Tan IIA and AGS-IV in angiogenesis remain unknown. In the present study, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were induced to differentiate into endothelial cell (EC)-like cells in vitro and the effects of Tan IIA and/or AGS-IV on the functions of these cells, including cell proliferation and tube formation, were assessed...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Luigi F Agnati, Manuela Marcoli, Guido Maura, Amina Woods, Diego Guidolin
Investigations of brain complex integrative actions should consider beside neural networks, glial, extracellular molecular, and fluid channels networks. The present paper proposes that all these networks are assembled into the brain hyper-network that has as fundamental components, the tetra-partite synapses, formed by neural, glial, and extracellular molecular networks. Furthermore, peri-synaptic astrocytic processes by modulating the perviousness of extracellular fluid channels control the signals impinging on the tetra-partite synapses...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Neural Transmission
Yimeng Shen, Yanxia Li, Xiaofang Ma, Qiaohao Wan, Zhongmin Jiang, Yixin Liu, Dianying Zhang, Xiaozhi Liu, Wenhan Wu
Connexin 43 (Cx43) can be modified and regulated by small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO)1; however, its role in liver cancer stem cells is poorly understood. In this study, we found a significant difference in the expression of Cx43 and SUMO1 between cancer stem cells and non-cancer stem cells in liver cancer. In liver cancer stem cells, Cx43 was almost absent, although the level of SUMO1 was significantly higher than that in non-cancer stem cells. Further experiments confirmed that the conjugated site of Cx43 by SUMO1 was located in Lys-144 and Lys-237, both of which are highly conserved among species...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Oncology
Xiaoting Li, Lu Yu, Jing Gao, Xukun Bi, Juhong Zhang, Shiming Xu, Meihui Wang, Mengmeng Chen, Fuyu Qiu, Guosheng Fu
Diabetes Mellitus is a common disorder, with increasing risk of cardiac arrhythmias. Studies have shown that altered connexin expression and gap junction remodeling under hyperglycemia contribute to the high prevalence of cardiac arrhythmias and even sudden death. Connexin 43 (Cx43), a major protein that assembles to form cardiac gap junctions, has been found to be downregulated under high glucose conditions, along with inhibition of gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC). While, apelin, a beneficial adipokine, increases Cx43 protein expression in mouse and human embryonic stem cells during cardiac differentiation...
February 2018: Aging and Disease
Abhishek Bose, Rahul Basu, Mahua Maulik, Jayasri Das Sarma
Mouse hepatitis virus (MHV) infection causes meningoencephalitis by disrupting the neuro-glial and glial-pial homeostasis. Recent studies suggest that MHV infection alters gap junction protein connexin 43 (Cx43)-mediated intercellular communication in brain and primary cultured astrocytes. In addition to astrocytes, meningeal fibroblasts also express high levels of Cx43. Fibroblasts in the meninges together with the basal lamina and the astrocyte endfeet forms the glial limitans superficialis as part of the blood-brain barrier (BBB)...
January 11, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
Lijuan Chen, Dongmei Su, Sijia Li, Lina Guan, Cuige Shi, Dianjun Li, Shanshan Hu, Xu Ma
Connexin 46 (Cx46) is important for gap junction channels formation which plays crucial role in the preservation of lens homeostasis and transparency. Previously, we have identified a missense mutation (p.V44M) of Cx46 in a congenital cataract family. This study aims at dissecting the potential pathogenesis of the causative mutant of cataract. Plasmids carrying wild-type (wt) and mutant (V44M) of Cx46 were constructed and expressed in Hela cells respectively.Western blotting and fluorescence microscopy were applied to analyse the expression and subcellular localization of recombinant proteins, respectively...
December 2017: Journal of Genetics
Elizabeth S Yeh, Christina J Williams, Carly Bess Williams, Ingrid V Bonilla, Nancy Klauber-DeMore, Stephanie L Phillips
Connexin 43 (Cx43) is a gap junction protein whose function in the development of breast cancer and in breast cancer progression remains unclear. Evidence suggests that Cx43 (GJA1) mRNA and protein expression is altered in breast tumors. However, reports indicate both increased and decreased Cx43 levels in human breast cancer samples. Studies also suggest that loss of Cx43 regulated gap junction intercellular communication is a common feature of breast malignancies that potentially correlates with histological stage...
December 12, 2017: Oncotarget
Reinhardt Krcek, Pauline Latzer, Irenäus Anton Adamietz, Helmut Bühler, Carsten Theiss
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a highly aggressive glial brain tumor with an unfavorable prognosis despite all current therapies including surgery, radiation and chemotherapy. One characteristic of this tumor is a strong synthesis of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), an angiogenesis factor, followed by pronounced vascularization. VEGF became a target in the treatment of GBM, for example with bevacizumab or the tyrosine kinase inhibitor axitinib, which blocks VEGF receptors. To improve patients' prognosis, new targets in the treatment of GBM are under investigations...
November 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
Devandir Antonio de Souza Junior, Vivian Marino Mazucato, Ana Carolina Santana, Constance Oliver, Maria Celia Jamur
Angiogenesis is a complex process that involves interactions between endothelial cells and various other cell types as well as the tissue microenvironment. Several previous studies have demonstrated that mast cells accumulate at angiogenic sites. In spite of the evidence suggesting a relationship between mast cells and angiogenesis, the association of mast cells and endothelial cells remains poorly understood. The present study aims to investigate the relationship between mast cells and endothelial cells during in vitro angiogenesis...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Yu Qin, Limin Han, Di Yang, Hongying Wei, Yue Liu, Junhui Xu, Herman Autrup, Furong Deng, Xinbiao Guo
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are widely used in health and consumer products that routinely contact skin. However, the biological effects and possible mechanisms of AgNPs on skin remain unclear. Gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) plays a critical role in multicellular organisms to maintain tissue homeostasis. The aim of this study is to examine if non-coated AgNPs affect GJIC in human keratinocytes (HaCaT cells), and to identify the possible molecular mechanisms responsible for the effects. GJIC, connexin (Cx)43 protein and mRNA expression, and the effect of siRNA-mediated knockdown of Cx43 on GJIC were assessed...
April 2018: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
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