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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561923/dapagliflozin-enhances-fat-oxidation-and-ketone-production-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#1
Giuseppe Daniele, Juan Xiong, Carolina Solis-Herrera, Aurora Merovci, Roy Eldor, Devjit Tripathy, Ralph A DeFronzo, Luke Norton, Muhammad Abdul-Ghani
OBJECTIVE: Insulin resistance is associated with mitochondrial dysfunction and decreased ATP synthesis. Treatment of individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with sodium-glucose transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) improves insulin sensitivity. However, recent reports have demonstrated development of ketoacidosis in subjects with T2DM treated with SGLT2i. The current study examined the effect of improved insulin sensitivity with dapagliflozin on 1) mitochondrial ATP synthesis and 2) substrate oxidation rates and ketone production...
August 25, 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26919068/revitalization-of-pioglitazone-the-optimum-agent-to-be-combined-with-a-sodium-glucose-co-transporter-2-inhibitor
#2
R A DeFronzo, R Chilton, L Norton, G Clarke, R E J Ryder, M Abdul-Ghani
The recently completed EMPA-REG study showed that empagliflozin significantly decreased the major adverse cardiac events (MACE) endpoint, which comprised cardiovascular death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke, in patients with high-risk type 2 diabetes (T2DM), primarily through a reduction in cardiovascular death, without a significant decrease in either MI or stroke. In the PROactive study, pioglitazone decreased the MACE endpoint by a similar degree to that observed in the EMPA-REG study, through a marked reduction in both recurrent MI and stroke and a modest reduction in cardiovascular death...
May 2016: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26794613/the-effect-of-temperature-on-postprandial-metabolism-of-yellowfin-tuna-thunnus-albacares
#3
Dane H Klinger, Jonathan J Dale, Adrian C Gleiss, Tyler Brandt, Ethan E Estess, Luke Gardner, Benjamin Machado, Alex Norton, Luis Rodriguez, James Stiltner, Charles Farwell, Barbara A Block
Specific dynamic action (SDA), the increase in metabolic expenditure associated with consumption of a meal, represents a substantial portion of fish energy budgets and is highly influenced by ambient temperature. The effect of temperature on SDA has not been studied in yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares, Bonnaterre 1788), an active pelagic predator that occupies temperate and subtropical waters. The energetic cost and duration of SDA were calculated by comparing routine and post-prandial oxygen consumption rates...
May 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26354881/renal-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-inhibition-in-the-management-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#4
REVIEW
Muhammad A Abdul-Ghani, Luke Norton, Ralph A DeFronzo
Hyperglycemia is the primary factor responsible for the microvascular, and to a lesser extent macrovascular, complications of diabetes. Despite this well-established relationship, approximately half of all type 2 diabetic patients in the US have a hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) ≥7.0%. This is associated in part with the side effects, i.e., weight gain and hypoglycemia, of currently available antidiabetic agents and in part with the failure to utilize medications that reverse the basic pathophysiological defects present in patients with type 2 diabetes...
December 1, 2015: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25830378/transcriptomic-identification-of-adh1b-as-a-novel-candidate-gene-for-obesity-and-insulin-resistance-in-human-adipose-tissue-in-mexican-americans-from-the-veterans-administration-genetic-epidemiology-study-vages
#5
Deidre A Winnier, Marcel Fourcaudot, Luke Norton, Muhammad A Abdul-Ghani, Shirley L Hu, Vidya S Farook, Dawn K Coletta, Satish Kumar, Sobha Puppala, Geetha Chittoor, Thomas D Dyer, Rector Arya, Melanie Carless, Donna M Lehman, Joanne E Curran, Douglas T Cromack, Devjit Tripathy, John Blangero, Ravindranath Duggirala, Harald H H Göring, Ralph A DeFronzo, Christopher P Jenkinson
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a complex metabolic disease that is more prevalent in ethnic groups such as Mexican Americans, and is strongly associated with the risk factors obesity and insulin resistance. The goal of this study was to perform whole genome gene expression profiling in adipose tissue to detect common patterns of gene regulation associated with obesity and insulin resistance. We used phenotypic and genotypic data from 308 Mexican American participants from the Veterans Administration Genetic Epidemiology Study (VAGES)...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25740935/drosophila-muller-f-elements-maintain-a-distinct-set-of-genomic-properties-over-40-million-years-of-evolution
#6
Wilson Leung, Christopher D Shaffer, Laura K Reed, Sheryl T Smith, William Barshop, William Dirkes, Matthew Dothager, Paul Lee, Jeannette Wong, David Xiong, Han Yuan, James E J Bedard, Joshua F Machone, Seantay D Patterson, Amber L Price, Bryce A Turner, Srebrenka Robic, Erin K Luippold, Shannon R McCartha, Tezin A Walji, Chelsea A Walker, Kenneth Saville, Marita K Abrams, Andrew R Armstrong, William Armstrong, Robert J Bailey, Chelsea R Barberi, Lauren R Beck, Amanda L Blaker, Christopher E Blunden, Jordan P Brand, Ethan J Brock, Dana W Brooks, Marie Brown, Sarah C Butzler, Eric M Clark, Nicole B Clark, Ashley A Collins, Rebecca J Cotteleer, Peterson R Cullimore, Seth G Dawson, Carter T Docking, Sasha L Dorsett, Grace A Dougherty, Kaitlyn A Downey, Andrew P Drake, Erica K Earl, Trevor G Floyd, Joshua D Forsyth, Jonathan D Foust, Spencer L Franchi, James F Geary, Cynthia K Hanson, Taylor S Harding, Cameron B Harris, Jonathan M Heckman, Heather L Holderness, Nicole A Howey, Dontae A Jacobs, Elizabeth S Jewell, Maria Kaisler, Elizabeth A Karaska, James L Kehoe, Hannah C Koaches, Jessica Koehler, Dana Koenig, Alexander J Kujawski, Jordan E Kus, Jennifer A Lammers, Rachel R Leads, Emily C Leatherman, Rachel N Lippert, Gregory S Messenger, Adam T Morrow, Victoria Newcomb, Haley J Plasman, Stephanie J Potocny, Michelle K Powers, Rachel M Reem, Jonathan P Rennhack, Katherine R Reynolds, Lyndsey A Reynolds, Dong K Rhee, Allyson B Rivard, Adam J Ronk, Meghan B Rooney, Lainey S Rubin, Luke R Salbert, Rasleen K Saluja, Taylor Schauder, Allison R Schneiter, Robert W Schulz, Karl E Smith, Sarah Spencer, Bryant R Swanson, Melissa A Tache, Ashley A Tewilliager, Amanda K Tilot, Eve VanEck, Matthew M Villerot, Megan B Vylonis, David T Watson, Juliana A Wurzler, Lauren M Wysocki, Monica Yalamanchili, Matthew A Zaborowicz, Julia A Emerson, Carlos Ortiz, Frederic J Deuschle, Lauren A DiLorenzo, Katie L Goeller, Christopher R Macchi, Sarah E Muller, Brittany D Pasierb, Joseph E Sable, Jessica M Tucci, Marykathryn Tynon, David A Dunbar, Levent H Beken, Alaina C Conturso, Benjamin L Danner, Gabriella A DeMichele, Justin A Gonzales, Maureen S Hammond, Colleen V Kelley, Elisabeth A Kelly, Danielle Kulich, Catherine M Mageeney, Nikie L McCabe, Alyssa M Newman, Lindsay A Spaeder, Richard A Tumminello, Dennis Revie, Jonathon M Benson, Michael C Cristostomo, Paolo A DaSilva, Katherine S Harker, Jenifer N Jarrell, Luis A Jimenez, Brandon M Katz, William R Kennedy, Kimberly S Kolibas, Mark T LeBlanc, Trung T Nguyen, Daniel S Nicolas, Melissa D Patao, Shane M Patao, Bryan J Rupley, Bridget J Sessions, Jennifer A Weaver, Anya L Goodman, Erica L Alvendia, Shana M Baldassari, Ashley S Brown, Ian O Chase, Maida Chen, Scott Chiang, Avery B Cromwell, Ashley F Custer, Tia M DiTommaso, Jad El-Adaimi, Nora C Goscinski, Ryan A Grove, Nestor Gutierrez, Raechel S Harnoto, Heather Hedeen, Emily L Hong, Barbara L Hopkins, Vilma F Huerta, Colin Khoshabian, Kristin M LaForge, Cassidy T Lee, Benjamin M Lewis, Anniken M Lydon, Brian J Maniaci, Ryan D Mitchell, Elaine V Morlock, William M Morris, Priyanka Naik, Nicole C Olson, Jeannette M Osterloh, Marcos A Perez, Jonathan D Presley, Matt J Randazzo, Melanie K Regan, Franca G Rossi, Melanie A Smith, Eugenia A Soliterman, Ciani J Sparks, Danny L Tran, Tiffany Wan, Anne A Welker, Jeremy N Wong, Aparna Sreenivasan, Jim Youngblom, Andrew Adams, Justin Alldredge, Ashley Bryant, David Carranza, Alyssa Cifelli, Kevin Coulson, Calise Debow, Noelle Delacruz, Charlene Emerson, Cassandra Farrar, Don Foret, Edgar Garibay, John Gooch, Michelle Heslop, Sukhjit Kaur, Ambreen Khan, Van Kim, Travis Lamb, Peter Lindbeck, Gabi Lucas, Elizabeth Macias, Daniela Martiniuc, Lissett Mayorga, Joseph Medina, Nelson Membreno, Shady Messiah, Lacey Neufeld, San Francisco Nguyen, Zachary Nichols, George Odisho, Daymon Peterson, Laura Rodela, Priscilla Rodriguez, Vanessa Rodriguez, Jorge Ruiz, Will Sherrill, Valeria Silva, Jeri Sparks, Geeta Statton, Ashley Townsend, Isabel Valdez, Mary Waters, Kyle Westphal, Stacey Winkler, Joannee Zumkehr, Randall J DeJong, Arlene J Hoogewerf, Cheri M Ackerman, Isaac O Armistead, Lara Baatenburg, Matthew J Borr, Lindsay K Brouwer, Brandon J Burkhart, Kelsey T Bushhouse, Lejla Cesko, Tiffany Y Y Choi, Heather Cohen, Amanda M Damsteegt, Jess M Darusz, Cory M Dauphin, Yelena P Davis, Emily J Diekema, Melissa Drewry, Michelle E M Eisen, Hayley M Faber, Katherine J Faber, Elizabeth Feenstra, Isabella T Felzer-Kim, Brandy L Hammond, Jesse Hendriksma, Milton R Herrold, Julia A Hilbrands, Emily J Howell, Sarah A Jelgerhuis, Timothy R Jelsema, Benjamin K Johnson, Kelly K Jones, Anna Kim, Ross D Kooienga, Erika E Menyes, Eric A Nollet, Brittany E Plescher, Lindsay Rios, Jenny L Rose, Allison J Schepers, Geoff Scott, Joshua R Smith, Allison M Sterling, Jenna C Tenney, Chris Uitvlugt, Rachel E VanDyken, Marielle VanderVennen, Samantha Vue, Nighat P Kokan, Kwabea Agbley, Sampson K Boham, Daniel Broomfield, Kayla Chapman, Ali Dobbe, Ian Dobbe, William Harrington, Marwan Ibrahem, Andre Kennedy, Chad A Koplinsky, Cassandra Kubricky, Danielle Ladzekpo, Claire Pattison, Roman E Ramirez, Lucia Wande, Sarah Woehlke, Matthew Wawersik, Elizabeth Kiernan, Jeffrey S Thompson, Roxanne Banker, Justina R Bartling, Chinmoy I Bhatiya, Anna L Boudoures, Lena Christiansen, Daniel S Fosselman, Kristin M French, Ishwar S Gill, Jessen T Havill, Jaelyn L Johnson, Lauren J Keny, John M Kerber, Bethany M Klett, Christina N Kufel, Francis J May, Jonathan P Mecoli, Callie R Merry, Lauren R Meyer, Emily G Miller, Gregory J Mullen, Katherine C Palozola, Jacob J Pfeil, Jessica G Thomas, Evan M Verbofsky, Eric P Spana, Anant Agarwalla, Julia Chapman, Ben Chlebina, Insun Chong, I N Falk, John D Fitzgibbons, Harrison Friedman, Osagie Ighile, Andrew J Kim, Kristin A Knouse, Faith Kung, Danny Mammo, Chun Leung Ng, Vinayak S Nikam, Diana Norton, Philip Pham, Jessica W Polk, Shreya Prasad, Helen Rankin, Camille D Ratliff, Victoria Scala, Nicholas U Schwartz, Jessica A Shuen, Amy Xu, Thomas Q Xu, Yi Zhang, Anne G Rosenwald, Martin G Burg, Stephanie J Adams, Morgan Baker, Bobbi Botsford, Briana Brinkley, Carter Brown, Shadie Emiah, Erica Enoch, Chad Gier, Alyson Greenwell, Lindsay Hoogenboom, Jordan E Matthews, Mitchell McDonald, Amanda Mercer, Nicholaus Monsma, Kristine Ostby, Alen Ramic, Devon Shallman, Matthew Simon, Eric Spencer, Trisha Tomkins, Pete Wendland, Anna Wylie, Michael J Wolyniak, Gregory M Robertson, Samuel I Smith, Justin R DiAngelo, Eric D Sassu, Satish C Bhalla, Karim A Sharif, Tenzin Choeying, Jason S Macias, Fareed Sanusi, Karvyn Torchon, April E Bednarski, Consuelo J Alvarez, Kristen C Davis, Carrie A Dunham, Alaina J Grantham, Amber N Hare, Jennifer Schottler, Zackary W Scott, Gary A Kuleck, Nicole S Yu, Marian M Kaehler, Jacob Jipp, Paul J Overvoorde, Elizabeth Shoop, Olivia Cyrankowski, Betsy Hoover, Matt Kusner, Devry Lin, Tijana Martinov, Jonathan Misch, Garrett Salzman, Holly Schiedermayer, Michael Snavely, Stephanie Zarrasola, Susan Parrish, Atlee Baker, Alissa Beckett, Carissa Belella, Julie Bryant, Turner Conrad, Adam Fearnow, Carolina Gomez, Robert A Herbstsomer, Sarah Hirsch, Christen Johnson, Melissa Jones, Rita Kabaso, Eric Lemmon, Carolina Marques Dos Santos Vieira, Darryl McFarland, Christopher McLaughlin, Abbie Morgan, Sepo Musokotwane, William Neutzling, Jana Nietmann, Christina Paluskievicz, Jessica Penn, Emily Peoples, Caitlin Pozmanter, Emily Reed, Nichole Rigby, Lasse Schmidt, Micah Shelton, Rebecca Shuford, Tiara Tirasawasdichai, Blair Undem, Damian Urick, Kayla Vondy, Bryan Yarrington, Todd T Eckdahl, Jeffrey L Poet, Alica B Allen, John E Anderson, Jason M Barnett, Jordan S Baumgardner, Adam D Brown, Jordan E Carney, Ramiro A Chavez, Shelbi L Christgen, Jordan S Christie, Andrea N Clary, Michel A Conn, Kristen M Cooper, Matt J Crowley, Samuel T Crowley, Jennifer S Doty, Brian A Dow, Curtis R Edwards, Darcie D Elder, John P Fanning, Bridget M Janssen, Anthony K Lambright, Curtiss E Lane, Austin B Limle, Tammy Mazur, Marly R McCracken, Alexa M McDonough, Amy D Melton, Phillip J Minnick, Adam E Musick, William H Newhart, Joseph W Noynaert, Bradley J Ogden, Michael W Sandusky, Samantha M Schmuecker, Anna L Shipman, Anna L Smith, Kristen M Thomsen, Matthew R Unzicker, William B Vernon, Wesley W Winn, Dustin S Woyski, Xiao Zhu, Chunguang Du, Caitlin Ament, Soham Aso, Laura Simone Bisogno, Jason Caronna, Nadezhda Fefelova, Lenin Lopez, Lorraine Malkowitz, Jonathan Marra, Daniella Menillo, Ifeanyi Obiorah, Eric Nyabeta Onsarigo, Shekerah Primus, Mahdi Soos, Archana Tare, Ameer Zidan, Christopher J Jones, Todd Aronhalt, James M Bellush, Christa Burke, Steve DeFazio, Benjamin R Does, Todd D Johnson, Nicholas Keysock, Nelson H Knudsen, James Messler, Kevin Myirski, Jade Lea Rekai, Ryan Michael Rempe, Michael S Salgado, Erica Stagaard, Justin R Starcher, Andrew W Waggoner, Anastasia K Yemelyanova, Amy T Hark, Anne Bertolet, Cyrus E Kuschner, Kesley Parry, Michael Quach, Lindsey Shantzer, Mary E Shaw, Mary A Smith, Omolara Glenn, Portia Mason, Charlotte Williams, S Catherine Silver Key, Tyneshia C P Henry, Ashlee G Johnson, Jackie X White, Adam Haberman, Sam Asinof, Kelly Drumm, Trip Freeburg, Nadia Safa, Darrin Schultz, Yakov Shevin, Petros Svoronos, Tam Vuong, Jules Wellinghoff, Laura L M Hoopes, Kim M Chau, Alyssa Ward, E Gloria C Regisford, LaJerald Augustine, Brionna Davis-Reyes, Vivienne Echendu, Jasmine Hales, Sharon Ibarra, Lauriaun Johnson, Steven Ovu, John M Braverman, Thomas J Bahr, Nicole M Caesar, Christopher Campana, Daniel W Cassidy, Peter A Cognetti, Johnathan D English, Matthew C Fadus, Cameron N Fick, Philip J Freda, Bryan M Hennessy, Kelsey Hockenberger, Jennifer K Jones, Jessica E King, Christopher R Knob, Karen J Kraftmann, Linghui Li, Lena N Lupey, Carl J Minniti, Thomas F Minton, Joseph V Moran, Krishna Mudumbi, Elizabeth C Nordman, William J Puetz, Lauren M Robinson, Thomas J Rose, Edward P Sweeney, Ashley S Timko, Don W Paetkau, Heather L Eisler, Megan E Aldrup, Jessica M Bodenberg, Mara G Cole, Kelly M Deranek, Megan DeShetler, Rose M Dowd, Alexandra K Eckardt, Sharon C Ehret, Jessica Fese, Amanda D Garrett, Anna Kammrath, Michelle L Kappes, Morgan R Light, Anne C Meier, Allison O'Rouke, Mallory Perella, Kimberley Ramsey, Jennifer R Ramthun, Mary T Reilly, Deirdre Robinett, Nadine L Rossi, Mary Grace Schueler, Emma Shoemaker, Kristin M Starkey, Ashley Vetor, Abby Vrable, Vidya Chandrasekaran, Christopher Beck, Kristen R Hatfield, Douglas A Herrick, Christopher B Khoury, Charlotte Lea, Christopher A Louie, Shannon M Lowell, Thomas J Reynolds, Jeanine Schibler, Alexandra H Scoma, Maxwell T Smith-Gee, Sarah Tuberty, Christopher D Smith, Jane E Lopilato, Jeanette Hauke, Jennifer A Roecklein-Canfield, Maureen Corrielus, Hannah Gilman, Stephanie Intriago, Amanda Maffa, Sabya A Rauf, Katrina Thistle, Melissa Trieu, Jenifer Winters, Bib Yang, Charles R Hauser, Tariq Abusheikh, Yara Ashrawi, Pedro Benitez, Lauren R Boudreaux, Megan Bourland, Miranda Chavez, Samantha Cruz, GiNell Elliott, Jesse R Farek, Sarah Flohr, Amanda H Flores, Chelsey Friedrichs, Zach Fusco, Zane Goodwin, Eric Helmreich, John Kiley, John Mark Knepper, Christine Langner, Megan Martinez, Carlos Mendoza, Monal Naik, Andrea Ochoa, Nicolas Ragland, England Raimey, Sunil Rathore, Evangelina Reza, Griffin Sadovsky, Marie-Isabelle B Seydoux, Jonathan E Smith, Anna K Unruh, Vicente Velasquez, Matthew W Wolski, Yuying Gosser, Shubha Govind, Nicole Clarke-Medley, Leslie Guadron, Dawn Lau, Alvin Lu, Cheryl Mazzeo, Mariam Meghdari, Simon Ng, Brad Pamnani, Olivia Plante, Yuki Kwan Wa Shum, Roy Song, Diana E Johnson, Mai Abdelnabi, Alexi Archambault, Norma Chamma, Shailly Gaur, Deborah Hammett, Adrese Kandahari, Guzal Khayrullina, Sonali Kumar, Samantha Lawrence, Nigel Madden, Max Mandelbaum, Heather Milnthorp, Shiv Mohini, Roshni Patel, Sarah J Peacock, Emily Perling, Amber Quintana, Michael Rahimi, Kristen Ramirez, Rishi Singhal, Corinne Weeks, Tiffany Wong, Aubree T Gillis, Zachary D Moore, Christopher D Savell, Reece Watson, Stephanie F Mel, Arjun A Anilkumar, Paul Bilinski, Rostislav Castillo, Michael Closser, Nathalia M Cruz, Tiffany Dai, Giancarlo F Garbagnati, Lanor S Horton, Dongyeon Kim, Joyce H Lau, James Z Liu, Sandy D Mach, Thu A Phan, Yi Ren, Kenneth E Stapleton, Jean M Strelitz, Ray Sunjed, Joyce Stamm, Morgan C Anderson, Bethany Grace Bonifield, Daniel Coomes, Adam Dillman, Elaine J Durchholz, Antoinette E Fafara-Thompson, Meleah J Gross, Amber M Gygi, Lesley E Jackson, Amy Johnson, Zuzana Kocsisova, Joshua L Manghelli, Kylie McNeil, Michael Murillo, Kierstin L Naylor, Jessica Neely, Emmy E Ogawa, Ashley Rich, Anna Rogers, J Devin Spencer, Kristina M Stemler, Allison A Throm, Matt Van Camp, Katie Weihbrecht, T Aaron Wiles, Mallory A Williams, Matthew Williams, Kyle Zoll, Cheryl Bailey, Leming Zhou, Darla M Balthaser, Azita Bashiri, Mindy E Bower, Kayla A Florian, Nazanin Ghavam, Elizabeth S Greiner-Sosanko, Helmet Karim, Victor W Mullen, Carly E Pelchen, Paul M Yenerall, Jiayu Zhang, Michael R Rubin, Suzette M Arias-Mejias, Armando G Bermudez-Capo, Gabriela V Bernal-Vega, Mariela Colon-Vazquez, Arelys Flores-Vazquez, Mariela Gines-Rosario, Ivan G Llavona-Cartagena, Javier O Martinez-Rodriguez, Lionel Ortiz-Fuentes, Eliezer O Perez-Colomba, Joseph Perez-Otero, Elisandra Rivera, Luke J Rodriguez-Giron, Arnaldo J Santiago-Sanabria, Andrea M Senquiz-Gonzalez, Frank R Soto delValle, Dorianmarie Vargas-Franco, Karla I Velázquez-Soto, Joan D Zambrana-Burgos, Juan Carlos Martinez-Cruzado, Lillyann Asencio-Zayas, Kevin Babilonia-Figueroa, Francis D Beauchamp-Pérez, Juliana Belén-Rodríguez, Luciann Bracero-Quiñones, Andrea P Burgos-Bula, Xavier A Collado-Méndez, Luis R Colón-Cruz, Ana I Correa-Muller, Jonathan L Crooke-Rosado, José M Cruz-García, Marianna Defendini-Ávila, Francheska M Delgado-Peraza, Alex J Feliciano-Cancela, Valerie M Gónzalez-Pérez, Wilfried Guiblet, Aldo Heredia-Negrón, Jennifer Hernández-Muñiz, Lourdes N Irizarry-González, Ángel L Laboy-Corales, Gabriela A Llaurador-Caraballo, Frances Marín-Maldonado, Ulises Marrero-Llerena, Héctor A Martell-Martínez, Idaliz M Martínez-Traverso, Kiara N Medina-Ortega, Sonya G Méndez-Castellanos, Krizia C Menéndez-Serrano, Carol I Morales-Caraballo, Saryleine Ortiz-DeChoudens, Patricia Ortiz-Ortiz, Hendrick Pagán-Torres, Diana Pérez-Afanador, Enid M Quintana-Torres, Edwin G Ramírez-Aponte, Carolina Riascos-Cuero, Michelle S Rivera-Llovet, Ingrid T Rivera-Pagán, Ramón E Rivera-Vicéns, Fabiola Robles-Juarbe, Lorraine Rodríguez-Bonilla, Brian O Rodríguez-Echevarría, Priscila M Rodríguez-García, Abneris E Rodríguez-Laboy, Susana Rodríguez-Santiago, Michael L Rojas-Vargas, Eva N Rubio-Marrero, Albeliz Santiago-Colón, Jorge L Santiago-Ortiz, Carlos E Santos-Ramos, Joseline Serrano-González, Alina M Tamayo-Figueroa, Edna P Tascón-Peñaranda, José L Torres-Castillo, Nelson A Valentín-Feliciano, Yashira M Valentín-Feliciano, Nadyan M Vargas-Barreto, Miguel Vélez-Vázquez, Luis R Vilanova-Vélez, Cristina Zambrana-Echevarría, Christy MacKinnon, Hui-Min Chung, Chris Kay, Anthony Pinto, Olga R Kopp, Joshua Burkhardt, Chris Harward, Robert Allen, Pavan Bhat, Jimmy Hsiang-Chun Chang, York Chen, Christopher Chesley, Dara Cohn, David DuPuis, Michael Fasano, Nicholas Fazzio, Katherine Gavinski, Heran Gebreyesus, Thomas Giarla, Marcus Gostelow, Rachel Greenstein, Hashini Gunasinghe, Casey Hanson, Amanda Hay, Tao Jian He, Katie Homa, Ruth Howe, Jeff Howenstein, Henry Huang, Aaditya Khatri, Young Lu Kim, Olivia Knowles, Sarah Kong, Rebecca Krock, Matt Kroll, Julia Kuhn, Matthew Kwong, Brandon Lee, Ryan Lee, Kevin Levine, Yedda Li, Bo Liu, Lucy Liu, Max Liu, Adam Lousararian, Jimmy Ma, Allyson Mallya, Charlie Manchee, Joseph Marcus, Stephen McDaniel, Michelle L Miller, Jerome M Molleston, Cristina Montero Diez, Patrick Ng, Natalie Ngai, Hien Nguyen, Andrew Nylander, Jason Pollack, Suchita Rastogi, Himabindu Reddy, Nathaniel Regenold, Jon Sarezky, Michael Schultz, Jien Shim, Tara Skorupa, Kenneth Smith, Sarah J Spencer, Priya Srikanth, Gabriel Stancu, Andrew P Stein, Marshall Strother, Lisa Sudmeier, Mengyang Sun, Varun Sundaram, Noor Tazudeen, Alan Tseng, Albert Tzeng, Rohit Venkat, Sandeep Venkataram, Leah Waldman, Tracy Wang, Hao Yang, Jack Y Yu, Yin Zheng, Mary L Preuss, Angelica Garcia, Matt Juergens, Robert W Morris, Alexis A Nagengast, Julie Azarewicz, Thomas J Carr, Nicole Chichearo, Mike Colgan, Megan Donegan, Bob Gardner, Nik Kolba, Janice L Krumm, Stacey Lytle, Laurell MacMillian, Mary Miller, Andrew Montgomery, Alysha Moretti, Brittney Offenbacker, Mike Polen, John Toth, John Woytanowski, Lisa Kadlec, Justin Crawford, Mary L Spratt, Ashley L Adams, Brianna K Barnard, Martin N Cheramie, Anne M Eime, Kathryn L Golden, Allyson P Hawkins, Jessica E Hill, Jessica A Kampmeier, Cody D Kern, Emily E Magnuson, Ashley R Miller, Cody M Morrow, Julia C Peairs, Gentry L Pickett, Sarah A Popelka, Alexis J Scott, Emily J Teepe, Katie A TerMeer, Carmen A Watchinski, Lucas A Watson, Rachel E Weber, Kate A Woodard, Daron C Barnard, Isaac Appiah, Michelle M Giddens, Gerard P McNeil, Adeola Adebayo, Kate Bagaeva, Justina Chinwong, Chrystel Dol, Eunice George, Kirk Haltaufderhyde, Joanna Haye, Manpreet Kaur, Max Semon, Dmitri Serjanov, Anika Toorie, Christopher Wilson, Nicole C Riddle, Jeremy Buhler, Elaine R Mardis, Sarah C R Elgin
The Muller F element (4.2 Mb, ~80 protein-coding genes) is an unusual autosome of Drosophila melanogaster; it is mostly heterochromatic with a low recombination rate. To investigate how these properties impact the evolution of repeats and genes, we manually improved the sequence and annotated the genes on the D. erecta, D. mojavensis, and D. grimshawi F elements and euchromatic domains from the Muller D element. We find that F elements have greater transposon density (25-50%) than euchromatic reference regions (3-11%)...
March 4, 2015: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25734894/beyond-negative-affectivity-a-hierarchical-model-of-global-and-transdiagnostic-vulnerabilities-for-emotional-disorders
#7
Daniel J Paulus, Alexander M Talkovsky, Luke F Heggeness, Peter J Norton
BACKGROUND: Negative affectivity (NA) has been linked to anxiety and depression (DEP). Identifying the common factors between anxiety and DEP is important when explaining their overlap and comorbidity. However, general factors such as NA tend to have differential relationships with different disorders, suggesting the need to identify mediators in order to explicate these relationships. METHODS: The current study tests a theoretically and empirically derived hierarchical model of emotional disorders including both a general factor (NA) and transdiagnostic risk factors [anxiety sensitivity (AS) and intolerance of uncertainty (IoU)] using structural equation modeling...
2015: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25612140/australian-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-barrett-s-esophagus-and-early-esophageal-adenocarcinoma
#8
REVIEW
David C Whiteman, Mark Appleyard, Farzan F Bahin, Yuri V Bobryshev, Michael J Bourke, Ian Brown, Adrian Chung, Andrew Clouston, Emma Dickins, Jon Emery, Guy D Eslick, Louisa G Gordon, Florian Grimpen, Geoff Hebbard, Laura Holliday, Luke F Hourigan, Bradley J Kendall, Eric Yt Lee, Angelique Levert-Mignon, Reginald V Lord, Sarah J Lord, Derek Maule, Alan Moss, Ian Norton, Ian Olver, Darren Pavey, Spiro Raftopoulos, Shan Rajendra, Mark Schoeman, Rajvinder Singh, Freddy Sitas, B Mark Smithers, Andrew C Taylor, Melissa L Thomas, Iain Thomson, Henry To, Jutta von Dincklage, Christine Vuletich, David I Watson, Ian F Yusoff
Barrett's esophagus (BE), a common condition, is the only known precursor to esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). There is uncertainty about the best way to manage BE as most people with BE never develop EAC and most patients diagnosed with EAC have no preceding diagnosis of BE. Moreover, there have been recent advances in knowledge and practice about the management of BE and early EAC. To aid clinical decision making in this rapidly moving field, Cancer Council Australia convened an expert working party to identify pertinent clinical questions...
May 2015: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25414334/the-mechanisms-of-genome-wide-target-gene-regulation-by-tcf7l2-in-liver-cells
#9
Luke Norton, Xi Chen, Marcel Fourcaudot, Nikhil K Acharya, Ralph A DeFronzo, Sami Heikkinen
In the liver Wnt-signaling contributes to the metabolic fate of hepatocytes, but the precise role of the TCF7L2 in this process is unknown. We employed a temporal RNA-Seq approach to examine gene expression 3-96 h following Tcf7l2 silencing in rat hepatoma cells, and combined this with ChIP-Seq to investigate mechanisms of target gene regulation by TCF7L2. Silencing Tcf7l2 led to a time-dependent appearance of 406 differentially expressed genes (DEGs), including key regulators of cellular growth and differentiation, and amino acid, lipid and glucose metabolism...
December 16, 2014: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24796924/strong-association-between-insulin-mediated-glucose-uptake-and-the-2-hour-not-the-fasting-plasma-glucose-concentration-in-the-normal-glucose-tolerance-range
#10
Diedre Winner, Luke Norton, Mustafa Kanat, Ruth Arya, Marcel Fourcaudot, Andrea Hansis-Diarte, Devjit Tripathy, Ralph A DeFronzo, Christopher P Jenkinson, Muhammad Abdul-Ghani
AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between whole-body insulin-mediated glucose disposal and the fasting plasma glucose concentration in nondiabetic individuals. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Two hundred fifty-three nondiabetic subjects with normal glucose tolerance (NGT), impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance, and combined glucose intolerance received a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test and euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp...
September 2014: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24463448/dapagliflozin-improves-muscle-insulin-sensitivity-but-enhances-endogenous-glucose-production
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Aurora Merovci, Carolina Solis-Herrera, Giuseppe Daniele, Roy Eldor, Teresa Vanessa Fiorentino, Devjit Tripathy, Juan Xiong, Zandra Perez, Luke Norton, Muhammad A Abdul-Ghani, Ralph A DeFronzo
Chronic hyperglycemia impairs insulin action, resulting in glucotoxicity, which can be ameliorated in animal models by inducing glucosuria with renal glucose transport inhibitors. Here, we examined whether reduction of plasma glucose with a sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor could improve insulin-mediated tissue glucose disposal in patients with type 2 diabetes. Eighteen diabetic men were randomized to receive either dapagliflozin (n = 12) or placebo (n = 6) for 2 weeks. We measured insulin-mediated whole body glucose uptake and endogenous glucose production (EGP) at baseline and 2 weeks after treatment using the euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp technique...
February 2014: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24388869/assessing-the-influence-of-compost-and-biochar-amendments-on-the-mobility-and-toxicity-of-metals-and-arsenic-in-a-naturally-contaminated-mine-soil
#12
Luke Beesley, Onyeka S Inneh, Gareth J Norton, Eduardo Moreno-Jimenez, Tania Pardo, Rafael Clemente, Julian J C Dawson
Amending contaminated soils with organic wastes can influence trace element mobility and toxicity. Soluble concentrations of metals and arsenic were measured in pore water and aqueous soil extracts following the amendment of a heavily contaminated mine soil with compost and biochar (10% v:v) in a pot experiment. Speciation modelling and toxicity assays (Vibrio fischeri luminescence inhibition and Lolium perenne germination) were performed to discriminate mechanisms controlling metal mobility and assess toxicity risk thereafter...
March 2014: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24270643/absence-of-a-major-role-for-the-snai1-and-snai3-genes-in-regulating-skeletal-muscle-regeneration-in-mice
#13
Christine R Norton, Ying Chen, Xiang Hua Han, Cara K Bradley, Luke T Krebs, Jeong Kyo Yoon, Thomas Gridley
The Snail gene family encodes DNA-binding zinc finger proteins that function as transcriptional repressors. While the Snai1 and Snai2 genes are required for normal development in mice, Snai3 mutant mice exhibit no obvious abnormalities. The Snai3 gene is expressed at high levels in skeletal muscle. However, we demonstrate by histological analysis that Snai3 null mutant mice exhibit normal skeletal muscle. During hindlimb muscle regeneration after cardiotoxin-mediated injury, the Snai3 null mice exhibited efficient regeneration...
2013: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24065789/novel-hypothesis-to-explain-why-sglt2-inhibitors-inhibit-only-30-50-of-filtered-glucose-load-in-humans
#14
Muhammad A Abdul-Ghani, Ralph A DeFronzo, Luke Norton
Inhibitors of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) are a novel class of antidiabetes drugs, and members of this class are under various stages of clinical development for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It is widely accepted that SGLT2 is responsible for >80% of the reabsorption of the renal filtered glucose load. However, maximal doses of SGLT2 inhibitors fail to inhibit >50% of the filtered glucose load. Because the clinical efficacy of this group of drugs is entirely dependent on the amount of glucosuria produced, it is important to understand why SGLT2 inhibitors inhibit <50% of the filtered glucose load...
October 2013: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24060607/linkage-of-type-2-diabetes-on-chromosome-9p24-in-mexican-americans-additional-evidence-from-the-veterans-administration-genetic-epidemiology-study-vages
#15
Vidya S Farook, Dawn K Coletta, Sobha Puppala, Jennifer Schneider, Geetha Chittoor, Shirley L Hu, Deidre A Winnier, Luke Norton, Thomas D Dyer, Rector Arya, Shelley A Cole, Melanie Carless, Harald H Göring, Laura Almasy, Michael C Mahaney, Anthony G Comuzzie, Joanne E Curran, John Blangero, Ravindranath Duggirala, Donna M Lehman, Christopher P Jenkinson, Ralph A Defronzo
OBJECTIVE: Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is a complex metabolic disease and is more prevalent in certain ethnic groups such as the Mexican Americans. The goal of our study was to perform a genome-wide linkage (GWL) analysis to localize T2DM susceptibility loci in Mexican Americans. METHODS: We used the phenotypic and genotypic data from 1,122 Mexican-American individuals (307 families) who participated in the Veterans Administration Genetic Epidemiology Study (VAGES). GWL analysis was performed using the variance components approach...
2013: Human Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23762348/the-snail-family-gene-snai3-is-not-essential-for-embryogenesis-in-mice
#16
Cara K Bradley, Christine R Norton, Ying Chen, Xianghua Han, Carmen J Booth, Jeong Kyo Yoon, Luke T Krebs, Thomas Gridley
The Snail gene family encodes zinc finger-containing transcriptional repressor proteins. Three members of the Snail gene family have been described in mammals, encoded by the Snai1, Snai2, and Snai3 genes. The function of the Snai1 and Snai2 genes have been studied extensively during both vertebrate embryogenesis and tumor progression and metastasis, and play critically important roles during these processes. However, little is known about the function of the Snai3 gene and protein. We describe here generation and analysis of Snai3 conditional and null mutant mice...
2013: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23746044/review-of-the-management-of-childhood-asthma-in-tasmania
#17
Bonnie J Bereznicki, Lucy C Norton, Sean A Beggs, Peter Gee, Luke R E Bereznicki
AIM: To review the supply of medications to children with asthma and parent-reported management of childhood asthma in Tasmania and highlight evidence-practice gaps for future interventions. METHODS: Participating pharmacies ran a software application that extracted data from dispensing records and helped to identify children with asthma. Parents of identified children were mailed a survey evaluating components of asthma management. Dispensing and survey data were analysed...
August 2013: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23643671/evolution-of-world-cup-soccer-final-games-1966-2010-game-structure-speed-and-play-patterns
#18
Jarryd Luke Wallace, Kevin Ian Norton
OBJECTIVES: There are relatively few performance analysis studies on field sports investigating how they evolve from a structural or tactical viewpoint. Field sports like soccer involve complex, non-linear dynamical systems yet consistent patterns of play are recognisable over time and among different sports. This study on soccer trends helps build a framework of potential causative mechanisms for these patterns. DESIGN: Retrospective correlational study. METHODS: Broadcast footage of World Cup finals between 1966 and 2010 was used to assess patterns of play and stop periods, type and duration of game stoppages, ball speed, player density (congestion) and passing rates...
March 2014: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23316693/independent-and-combined-effects-of-acute-physiological-hyperglycaemia-and-hyperinsulinaemia-on-metabolic-gene-expression-in-human-skeletal-muscle
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Kostas Tsintzas, Luke Norton, Kamal Chokkalingam, Nusrat Nizamani, Scott Cooper, Francis Stephens, Rudolf Billeter, Andrew Bennett
Physiological hyperglycaemia and hyperinsulinaemia are strong modulators of gene expression, which underpins some of their well-known effects on insulin action and energy metabolism. The aim of the present study was to examine whether acute in vivo exposure of healthy humans to hyperinsulinaemia and hyperglycaemia have independent or additive effects on expression of key metabolic genes in skeletal muscle. On three randomized occasions, seven young subjects underwent a 4 h (i) hyperinsulinaemic (50 m-units·m⁻²·min⁻¹) hyperglycaemic (10 mmol/l) clamp (HIHG), (ii) hyperglycaemic (10 mmol/l) euinsulinaemic (5 m-units·m⁻²·min⁻¹) clamp (LIHG) and (iii) hyperinsulinaemic (50 m-units·m⁻²·min⁻¹) euglycaemic (4...
June 2013: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22528597/efficacy-and-safety-of-sglt2-inhibitors-in-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#20
REVIEW
Muhammad A Abdul-Ghani, Luke Norton, Ralph A DeFronzo
In addition to its central role in the development of microvascular complications, hyperglycemia plays an important role in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) by means of glucotoxicity. Thus, effective glycemic control not only reduces the incidence of microvascular complications but also corrects the metabolic abnormalities that contribute to the progression of the disease. Progressive β-cell failure and multiple side effects, including hypoglycemia and weight gain, associated with many current therapies present obstacles to the achievement of optimal and durable glycemic control in subjects with T2DM...
June 2012: Current Diabetes Reports
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