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Upper gastrointestinal surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212976/functional-lumen-imaging-probe-for-the-management-of-esophageal-disorders-expert-review-from-the-clinical-practice-updates-committee-of-the-aga-institute
#1
REVIEW
Ikuo Hirano, John E Pandolfino, Guy E Boeckxstaens
The functional luminal imaging probe is a Food and Drug Administration-approved measurement tool used to measure simultaneous pressure and diameter to guide management of various upper gastrointestinal disorders. Additionally, this tool is also approved to guide therapy during bariatric procedures and specialized esophageal surgery. Although it has been commercially available since 2009 as the endolumenal functional lumen imaging probe (EndoFLIP), the functional luminal imaging probe has had limited penetrance into clinical settings outside of specialized centers...
March 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205386/nonvariceal-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-the-elderly-clinical-outcomes-and-prognostic-factors
#2
Josè Alberto González-González, Roberto Monreal-Robles, Diego García-Compean, Jonathan Paz-Delgadillo, Martín Wah-Suárez, Héctor Jesús Maldonado-Garza
AIM: To analyze the clinical characteristics, outcomes and prognostic factors in elderly patients with acute nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB). METHODS: From a database prospectively collected from 2006 to 2013, the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients aged 75 years or older consecutively admitted with acute nonvariceal UGIB undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy were compared with those younger than 75 years. RESULTS: There were1136 patients included in the study; 276 (24...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194287/acute-acalculous-cholecystitis-a-rare-presentation-of-primary-epstein-barr-virus-infection-in-adults-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Zuhal Yesilbag, Asli Karadeniz, Fatih Oner Kaya
Primary Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is almost always a self-limited disease characterized by sore throat, fever, and lymphadenopathy. Hepatic involvement is usually characterized by mild elevations of aminotransferases and resolves spontaneously. Although isolated gallbladder wall thickness has been reported in these patients, acute acalculous cholecystitis is an atypical presentation of primary EBV infection. We presented a young women admitted with a 10-day history of fever, nausea, malaise who had jaundice and right upper quadrant tenderness on the physical examination...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191810/gist-institutional-experience-at-srms-ims-india
#4
Shubhanshu Gupta, Keshri Amit, Ashish Gupta, Tanu Argawal
Gastro-Intestinal Stromal Tumors (GIST) is a malignant, non-epithelial, mesenchymal tumor of the digestive tract that is not uncommon in clinical practice nowadays; diagnosis being based upon immuno-histo-chemical analysis of the resected or biopsied (FNAC) specimen. Abdominal lump with or without intra-luminal bleed is a common mode of presentation. Early diagnosis and appropriate management with surgery and/or Imatinib therapy improves recurrence free survival and may impact overall survival. We present here our institutional experience of four patients, admitted in Onco-Surgery Dept...
September 2016: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190369/intra-abdominal-trocar-free-vacuum-liver-retractor-for-upper-gastrointestinal-surgery
#5
Christian Benzing, Helmut Weiss, Felix Krenzien, Matthias Biebl, Johann Pratschke, Ricardo Zorron
BACKGROUND: In laparoscopic upper-gastrointestinal (GI) surgery, an adequate retraction of the liver is crucial. Especially in single-port surgery and obese patients, problems may occur during liver retraction. The current study seeks to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the LiVac trocar-free liver retractor in laparoscopic upper-GI surgery. METHODS: The present study is a nonrandomized dual-center clinical series describing our preliminary results using the LiVac system for liver retraction...
February 1, 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168570/early-enteral-nutrition-in-critically-ill-patients-esicm-clinical-practice-guidelines
#6
REVIEW
Annika Reintam Blaser, Joel Starkopf, Waleed Alhazzani, Mette M Berger, Michael P Casaer, Adam M Deane, Sonja Fruhwald, Michael Hiesmayr, Carole Ichai, Stephan M Jakob, Cecilia I Loudet, Manu L N G Malbrain, Juan C Montejo González, Catherine Paugam-Burtz, Martijn Poeze, Jean-Charles Preiser, Pierre Singer, Arthur R H van Zanten, Jan De Waele, Julia Wendon, Jan Wernerman, Tony Whitehouse, Alexander Wilmer, Heleen M Oudemans-van Straaten
PURPOSE: To provide evidence-based guidelines for early enteral nutrition (EEN) during critical illness. METHODS: We aimed to compare EEN vs. early parenteral nutrition (PN) and vs. delayed EN. We defined "early" EN as EN started within 48 h independent of type or amount. We listed, a priori, conditions in which EN is often delayed, and performed systematic reviews in 24 such subtopics. If sufficient evidence was available, we performed meta-analyses; if not, we qualitatively summarized the evidence and based our recommendations on expert opinion...
February 6, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167214/doppler-endoscopic-probe-monitoring-of-blood-flow-improves-risk-stratification-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-severe-non-variceal-upper-gastrointestinal-hemorrhage
#7
Dennis M Jensen, Thomas Og Kovacs, Gordon V Ohning, Kevin Ghassemi, Gustavo A Machicado, Gareth S Dulai, Alireza Sedarat, Rome Jutabha, Jeffrey Gornbein
BACKGROUND & AIMS: For 4 decades, stigmata of recent hemorrhages in patients with non-variceal lesions have been used for risk stratification and endoscopic hemostasis. The arterial blood flow that underlies the stigmata is rarely monitored, but can be used to determine risk for rebleeding. We performed a randomized controlled trial to determine whether Doppler endoscopic probe monitoring of blood flow improves risk stratification and outcomes in patients with severe non-variceal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage...
February 3, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166823/giant-gastric-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-with-severe-peritoneal-dissemination-controlled-by-imatinib-therapy-following-debulking-surgery-a-case-report
#8
Shuichi Fukuda, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Tomoko Wakasa, Kotaro Kitani, Masanori Tsujie, Masao Yukawa, Yoshio Ohta, Masatoshi Inoue
BACKGROUND: At the time of diagnosis, giant gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors are sometimes associated with severe peritoneal dissemination. Unresectable gastrointestinal stromal tumors are considered a systemic disease; therefore, imatinib therapy is currently the primary treatment option in these cases. CASE PRESENTATION: A 49-year-old Japanese woman was referred to our hospital with symptoms of anorexia, abdominal discomfort, and a palpable abdominal mass...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160574/subdiaphragmatic-vagotomy-promotes-tumor-growth-and-reduces-survival-via-tnf%C3%AE-in-a-murine-pancreatic-cancer-model
#9
Lars Ivo Partecke, André Käding, Dung Nguyen Trung, Stephan Diedrich, Matthias Sendler, Frank Weiss, Jens-Peter Kühn, Julia Mayerle, Katharina Beyer, Wolfram von Bernstorff, Claus-Dieter Heidecke, Wolfram Keßler
This study analyses the effects of vagotomy on tumor growth and survival in a murine, pancreatic cancer model in wild-type and TNFα-knockout (-/-) mice.Throughout many operative procedures in the upper gastrointestinal tract the partial or complete transection of the vagus nerve or its local nerve fibers is unavoidable. Thereby its anti-inflammatory effects in residual tumor tissue may get lost. This effect may be mediated by tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) secreting TNFα.In an orthotopic murine pancreatic cancer model subdiaphragmatic vagotomy versus sham surgery was performed...
February 2, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157428/incidence-of-biliary-reflux-esophagitis-after-laparoscopic-omega-loop-gastric-bypass-in-morbidly-obese-patients
#10
Tamer M Said Salama, Mohamed Ibrahim Hassan
BACKGROUND: Omega loop gastric bypass is a successful bariatric surgery with numerous favorable circumstances as being basic, effective on weight reduction and treatment of obesity associated metabolic disorder, the short expectation to learn and adapt, and the simplicity of correction and inversion. However, there are arguments about the possibility of biliary reflux and/or the potential danger of gastroesophageal malignancy after the procedure. METHODS: Fifty patients experiencing morbid obesity with body mass index >40 or >35 kg/m(2) with two related comorbidities, for example, diabetes type II, hypertension, or dyslipidemia, underwent omega loop gastric bypass with a follow-up period up to 18 months, investigating for any symptom of reflux infection by upper gastrointestinal tract endoscopy and pH metry...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152779/the-influence-of-a-composite-hospital-volume-of-upper-gastrointestinal-cancer-resections-on-outcomes-of-gastric-cancer-surgery
#11
Johan L Dikken, Mark I van Berge Henegouwen, Vincent K Y Ho, Daniel Henneman, Rob A E M Tollenaar, Michel W J M Wouters, Johanna W van Sandick
: 305 Background: There is a known volume-outcome association for complex surgial procedures such as oncologic gastric resections. The aim of this study was to describe the process of centralization for gastric cancer surgery in the Netherlands in relation to other types of upper gastrointestinal (GI) cancer resections and to investigate whether the quality of gastric cancer surgery is affected by the overall experience with those related complex surgical procedures. METHODS: Data on all patients (n = 4251) who underwent surgical treatment for non metastatic invasive gastric cancer between 2005-2013 were obtained from the Netherlands Cancer Registry...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144127/a-novel-technique-for-duodenal-resection-and-primary-anastomosis-with-robotic-assistance-and-orvil
#12
Abdulkadir Bedirli, Bulent Salman, Mahir Nasirov, Ibrahim Dogan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Benign duodenal neoplasm is a rare occurrence. Minimally invasive tumor resection and anastomosis formation with an OrVil catheter is a novel approach to treating this disease. In this article, we present a new technique for duodenojejunal anastomosis. This technique was applied in 4 patients with benign distal duodenal tumors who were treated with minimally invasive surgery with robotic assistance. METHODS: In 4 patients, after the removal of distal duodenal masses with a robotic technique, an orifice in the duodenum was opened to allow for the passage of a guidewire...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135794/an-incidental-discovery-of-morgagni-hernia-in-an-elderly-patient-presented-with-chronic-dyspepsia
#13
Duk Ki Kim, Hee Seok Moon, Hyeon Yong Jung, Jae Kyu Sung, Sun Hyeong Gang, Myeong Hee Kim
A Morgagni hernia was first described in 1761 by Giovanni Morgagni. In adults, it is accompanied by gastrointestinal- or respiratory-type symptoms. Herein, we report an 84-year-old woman presented to our hospital with nausea and vomiting. After hospitalization, an X-ray revealed a right diaphragmatic hernia. Based on the results of abdominal computed tomography, duodenoscopy, and upper gastrointestinography (gastrografin), we concluded that her symptoms were caused by Morgagni hernia. Our patient underwent laparoscopic surgery, and shortly thereafter, her symptoms resolved...
January 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133297/-a-case-where-rectal-cancer-ileus-caused-perforation-in-the-ascending-colon
#14
Tomohiko Machida, Masayoshi Kobayashi, Kazuki Sakai, Kunihiko Hiraoka, Takao Ichihara
The patient was a 65-year-old man. He had not defecated for a week in early December 2015, and had noticed abdominal pain and abdominaldistension from 4 days prior. The pain and distension worsened, and the patient was rush transported to our hospital. Via abdominal CT we found free air in the upper abdomen, expansion of the small and large intestines, and notably, significant intestinal tract expansion and a gas reservoir in the ascending colon. We found significant narrowing as well as hypertrophy along the entire circumference of the rectum and suspected gastrointestinal perforation due to rectal cancer ileus...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133262/-a-case-of-recurrent-esophagogastric-junction-cancer-responding-to-trastuzumab
#15
Yuta Kobayashi, Motohiro Hirao, Kazuyoshi Yamamoto, Kazuhiro Nishikawa, Sakae Maeda, Mamoru Uemura, Masakazu Miyake, Naoki Hama, Atsushi Miyamoto, Michihiko Miyazaki, Masataka Ikeda, Shoji Nakamori, Mitsugu Sekimoto, Kiyoshi Mori, Masayuki Mano
We report a case of recurrent esophagogastric junction cancer successfully treated with chemotherapy including trastuzumab. A 66-year-old man reporting black stool was examined, and through upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was found to have a tumor at the esophagogastric junction. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery of the esophagus with 3-field lymph node dissection was performed. The final diagnosis was adenocarcinoma(tub1-pap-muc), pT3N3M0, pStage III C. The tumor was at the squamo-columnar junction and classified as Siewert type II ...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133205/-a-case-of-successful-multidisciplinary-therapy-for-advanced-esophagogastric-junction-cancer-with-multiple-lymph-node-metastase
#16
Kohei Murakami, Shigeyuki Tamura, Atsushi Takeno, Tomo Ishida, Ryuichi Kuwahara, Yasuki Akiyama, Takuya Sakamoto, Junichi Inatome, Atsushi Naito, Yoshiteru Katsura, Yoshiaki Ohmura, Yoshinori Kagawa, Chiyomi Egawa, Yutaka Takeda, Takeshi Kato
A 64-year-old man reporting dysphagia was examined. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a type 3 cancer at the esophagogastric junction. Enhanced CT scan showed several swollen mediastinal and abdominal lymph nodes. We diagnosed the patient with advanced adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction with multiple lymph node metastases(Siewert type II , cT3N2M1[LYM], Stage IV ). After 5 courses of chemotherapy(S-1 plus cisplatin), a significant reduction was observed in the size of the tumor and lymph nodes...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133177/-a-case-of-advanced-gastric-cancer-with-extensive-lymph-node-metastases-treated-by-capecitabine-plus-cisplatin-plus-trastuzumab-chemotherapy-followed-by-conversion-surgery
#17
Sho Yasuta, Junichiro Yamauchi, Kento Miyazaki, Mamoru Sato, Tomoya Ikeda, Shota Fujita, Keiichi Shirasaki, Shin Kobayashi, Takashi Ajiki, Katsuo Tsuchihara, Noriko Kondo, Shuichi Ishiyama
An 82-year-old woman underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy to evaluate upper abdominal pain.A type 2 tumor (adenocarcinoma, por, HER2+)was found in the lesser curvature of the gastric antrum.Abdominal CT showed bulky lymph node metastases and pancreatic invasion of lymph node No.6 , resulting in a diagnosis of cT3N3M0, Stage III B.Radical resection was not possible by gastrectomy, and chemotherapy(capecitabine plus cisplatin plus trastuzumab)was administered. The primary lesion and lymph node showed significant regression on CT after the administration of 8 courses of chemotherapy, which also clarified the border between the lymph node and pancreas...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133162/-a-case-of-a-large-gastric-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-with-a-pdgfra-exon-18-mutation
#18
Atsuo Imagawa, Mitsuru Tomizawa, Satoshi Okumura, Sho Toyoda, Hiroshi Kawashima, Kansuke Yamamoto, Aya Ito, Naoto Mizumura, Ken Yoo, Hiromitsu Maehira, Masao Ogawa, Masayasu Kawasaki, Masao Kameyama, Michiko Yoshimura, Seiichi Hirota
A 49-year-old man visited our hospital with a chief complaint of abdominal pain that began 1 day before his visit.An approximately 30 cm tumor that was extensively in contact with the gastric wall in the abdominal cavity was detected on computed tomography(CT).An elevated lesion covered with normal mucosa on the posterior wall of the greater curvature was detected on upper endoscopy.He was diagnosed with a submucosal tumor of the stomach, and he underwent surgery. Surgical findings revealed an elastic soft tumor with a maximal dimension of 38 cm that projected from the posterior wall of the stomach beyond the gastric wall...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133153/-a-case-of-gist-in-the-small-intestine-diagnosed-via-ct-after-repeated-melena-and-removed-by-laparoscopy-assisted-surgery
#19
Hiroyuki Notani, Daisuke Asano, Naoto Fujiwara, Toru Kawamura, Yasushi Sato, Akira Nakashima
A 63-year-old man visited an emergency outpatient unit with the chief complaints of melena and lightheadedness. At the time of the visit, blood tests showed Hb of 4.3 g/dL, suggesting severe anemia, and he exhibited repeated melena, even after hospitalization. Small intestinal bleeding was suspected during endoscopic examination of the lower gastrointestinal tract, and abdominalCT examination suggested a 3.5 cm tumor-like lesion in the jejunum. He was diagnosed as having bleeding of a tumor in the small intestine and consequently underwent laparoscopic surgery...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120276/the-development-application-and-analysis-of-an-enhanced-recovery-programme-for-major-oesophagogastric-resection
#20
Timothy J Underwood, F Noble, N Madhusudan, D Sharland, R Fraser, J Owsley, M Grant, J J Kelly, James P Byrne
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery programmes improve outcomes in surgery, but their implementation after upper gastrointestinal resection has been limited. The aim of this study was to compare short-term outcomes for patients undergoing oesophagogastric surgery in an enhanced recovery programme (EROS). METHODS: EROS was developed after a multidisciplinary meeting by multiple rounds of revision. EROS was applied to all patients undergoing major upper GI resection at a university teaching hospital in the UK from 20/9/13, with data reviewed at 18/09/15...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
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