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Upper gastrointestinal surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137169/pancreatic-exocrine-insufficiency-after-bariatric-surgery
#1
REVIEW
Miroslav Vujasinovic, Roberto Valente, Anders Thorell, Wiktor Rutkowski, Stephan L Haas, Urban Arnelo, Lena Martin, J-Matthias Löhr
Morbid obesity is a lifelong disease, and all patients require complementary follow-up including nutritional surveillance by a multidisciplinary team after bariatric procedures. Pancreatic exocrine insufficiency (PEI) refers to an insufficient secretion of pancreatic enzymes and/or sodium bicarbonate. PEI is a known multifactorial complication after upper gastrointestinal surgery, and might constitute an important clinical problem due to the large number of bariatric surgical procedures in the world. Symptoms of PEI often overlap with sequelae of gastric bypass, making the diagnosis difficult...
November 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133255/high-prevalence-of-barrett-s-esophagus-and-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-after-repair-of-esophageal-atresia
#2
Floor W T Vergouwe, Hanneke IJsselstijn, Katharina Biermann, Nicole S Erler, René M H Wijnen, Marco J Bruno, Manon C W Spaander
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Esophageal atresia is rare, but improved surgical and intensive care techniques have increased rates of survival in children, so there are now many adults with this disorder. Many patients with esophageal atresia develop gastroesophageal reflux (GER), raising concerns about increased risk of Barrett's esophagus (BE; prevalence of 1.3%-1.6% in general population) and esophageal carcinoma. We assessed the prevalence of BE and esophageal carcinoma in this population. METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 289 patients with esophageal atresia at the Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology at Erasmus MC University Medical Center in The Netherlands, from May 2012 through March 2017...
November 10, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124121/patients-comorbidities-reduce-the-clinical-value-of-emergency-colonoscopy-results-of-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Cristiano Cremone, Anouk Esch, Charlotte Gagniere, Alessandro Fugazza, Faria Mesli, Michael Levy, Aurelien Amiot, Alexis Laurent, Yann LeBaleur, Francois Hemery, Nicolas De'Angelis, Francesco Brunetti, Iradj Sobhani
Background and study aims:  Urgent endoscopy is often used to diagnose and sometimes treat acute upper gastrointestinal syndromes (hemorrhage, toxic ingestion, and occlusion). However, its suitability concerning the management of lower gastrointestinal conditions in emergency circumstances is controversial. Patients and methods:  We studied the role of emergency colonoscopy in diagnosis and treatment of all consecutive patients presenting with acute lower gastrointestinal symptoms referred to our hospital on an emergency basis...
November 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111787/performance-status-prognostic-scoring-and-parenteral-nutrition-requirements-predict-survival-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-receiving-home-parenteral-nutrition
#4
Niamh Keane, Konstantinos C Fragkos, Pinal S Patel, Friderike Bertsch, Shameer J Mehta, Simona Di Caro, Farooq Rahman
We describe a cohort of Home Parenteral Nutrition (HPN) patients with advanced cancer in order to identify factors affecting prognosis. Demographic, anthropometric, biochemical and medical factors, Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS), Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS), and PN requirements were recorded. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed including Kaplan-Meier curves, Cox Regression, and correlation analyses. In total, 107 HPN patients (68 women, 39 men, mean age 57 yr) with advanced cancer were identified...
November 7, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110271/induced-bias-due-to-crossover-within-randomized-controlled-trials-in-surgical-oncology-a-meta-regression-analysis-of-minimally-invasive-versus-open-surgery-for-the-treatment-of-gastrointestinal-cancer
#5
REVIEW
George Garas, Sheraz R Markar, George Malietzis, Hutan Ashrafian, George B Hanna, Emmanouil Zacharakis, Long R Jiao, Athanassios Argiris, Ara Darzi, Thanos Athanasiou
BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) inform clinical practice and have provided the evidence base for introducing minimally invasive surgery (MIS) in surgical oncology. Crossover (unplanned intraoperative conversion of MIS to open surgery) may affect clinical outcomes and the effect size generated from RCTs with homogenization of randomized groups. OBJECTIVES: Our aims were to identify modifiable factors associated with crossover and assess the impact of crossover on clinical endpoints...
November 6, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109348/-a-case-of-gastric-follicular-lymphoma-resected-and-diagnosed-with-laparoscopy-and-endoscopy-cooperative-surgery
#6
Takuya Seike, Katsuhisa Inamura, Noriko Okuno, Yoshihide Asaumi, Yoshiko Takata, Toshiyuki Okamura, Sadaya Matano, Shintaro Terahata, Kohmei Sakatoku, Hiroshi Kawai
A woman in her 70s was diagnosed with a protruding mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma during a secondary health examination. After eradication of Helicobacter pylori, a biopsy revealed gastric follicular lymphoma (FL) and the lesion was still protruding one year later. (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography showed focal nodular hypermetabolic activity, suggesting that FL may have transformed into a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, colonoscopy, and capsule endoscopy showed no other lesions in the gastrointestinal tract, and bone marrow biopsy showed no permeation into the marrow...
2017: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101956/anesthesia-for-routine-and-advanced-upper-gastrointestinal-endoscopic-procedures
#7
REVIEW
Christopher D Sharp, Ezekiel Tayler, Gregory G Ginsberg
This article aims to detail the breadth and depth of advanced upper gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures. It will focus on sedation and airway management concerns pertaining to this emerged and emerging class of minimally invasive interventions. The article will also cover endoscopic hemostasis, endoscopic resection, stenting and Barrett eradication therapy plus endoscopic ultrasound. It additionally will address the nuances of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and new natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery procedures including endoscopic cystgastrostomy and the per-oral endoscopic myotomy procedure...
December 2017: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099778/upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-children-a-tertiary-united-kingdom-children-s-hospital-experience
#8
Omar Nasher, David Devadason, Richard J Stewart
The aim of this study was to review the aetiology, presentation and management of these patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) at a tertiary children's unit in the United Kingdom. This was a retrospective single-institution study on children (<16 years) who presented with acute UGIB over a period of 5 years using known International Classification of Diseases (ICD) codes. A total of 32 children (17 males, 15 females) were identified with a total median age at presentation of 5.5 years. The majority (24/32) of patients presented as an emergency...
November 3, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096338/liver-abscess-and-sepsis-caused-by-clostridium-perfringens-and-klebsiella-oxytoca
#9
Christoph Paasch, Stefan Wilczek, Martin W Strik
INTRODUCTION: Clostridium (C) perfringens and Klebsiella (K) oxytoca are pathogenous human bacteria. Due to the production of several toxins C. perfringens is virulent by causing i.a. the necrotizing fasciitis, gas gangrene and hepatic abscess. K. oxytoca mostly causes infections of the respiratory and gastrointestinal tract. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We are presenting the case of a male patient at the age of 64, who suffered from nausea and progressive pain in the right upper abdomen...
October 26, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082324/left-adrenal-tumor-disappeared-outside-a-field-of-vision-during-laparoscopic-surgery-the-true-identity-was-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor
#10
Hiroshi Ushida, Hirofumi Goto, Satoshi Ishitoya, Hiroyuki Onishi
Background: We report a case of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) mimicking a left adrenal tumor. Case Presentation: A 62-year-old female was referred to our hospital for the treatment of left adrenal tumor of 2.8 × 2.3 cm incidentally found during her annual checkup. The preoperative diagnosis based on upper gastroscopy and imaging complete examinations was nonfunctional left adrenal tumor possessing malignant potential. Transperitoneal laparoscopic left adrenalectomy was performed. However, the tumor was not found in the excised adrenal gland that had been completely removed during surgery...
2017: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078881/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-program-in-patients-from-tibet-plateau-undergoing-surgeries-for-hepatic-alveolar-echinococcosis
#11
Mengchang Yang, Wenjie Su, Xiaofan Deng, Jia Deng, Peng Li, Xiangkui Li
BACKGROUND: Hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (HAE) is a severe and common parasitic disease in Tibetan Plateau of China. The infected patients have to move to plain areas to receive treatments due to the poor medical conditions in plateau areas. Our aim was to investigate the application of Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS) program in perioperative management for HAE patients from Tibet Plateau and the notes for patients with landform changes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 89 HAE patients from Tibet Plateau (altitude: average of 4500 m) prior received adaptive treatments at the cooperative hospital (altitude: 1500-2000 m) and accepted surgery at plain regions (altitude: 200-400 m)...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078625/laparoscopic-techniques-and-strategies-for-gastrointestinal-gists
#12
REVIEW
Chang Min Lee, Sungsoo Park
The laparoscopic approach is widely accepted surgical treatment for gastrointestinal submucosal tumors (SMTs). In this chapter, we will introduce laparoscopic techniques and strategy for gastrointestinal SMTs, in accordance with those for gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). The indication for a laparoscopic approach has been related to tumor size. The upper limit of tumor size has increased, according to recent trends, and there is no established guideline for a lower limit. All patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery receive preoperative examinations including gastrofiberscopy, upper gastrointestinal radiography, computed tomography (CT), and endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS)...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076277/robotic-surgery-for-the-upper-gastrointestinal-tract-current-status-and-future-perspectives
#13
REVIEW
Masaya Nakauchi, Ichiro Uyama, Koichi Suda, Mohamed Mahran, Tetsuya Nakamura, Susumu Shibasaki, Kenji Kikuchi, Shinichi Kadoya, Kazuki Inaba
More than 4000 da Vinci Surgical Systems have been installed worldwide. Robotic surgery using the da Vinci Surgical System has been increasingly performed in the last decade, especially in urology and gynecology. The da Vinci Surgical System has not become standard in surgery of the upper gastrointestinal tract because of a lack of clear benefits in comparison with conventional minimally invasive surgery. We initiated robotic gastrectomy and esophagectomy for patients with upper gastrointestinal cancer in 2009, and we have demonstrated the potential advantages of the da Vinci Surgical System in reducing postoperative local complications after gastrectomy and recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy after esophagectomy...
November 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062458/bariatric-surgery-and-incidental-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors-a-single-center-study-vsj-competition-1-st-place
#14
Maciej Walędziak, Anna Różańska-Walędziak, Piotr K Kowalewski, Michał R Janik, Jakub Brągoszewski, Krzysztof Paśnik
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), originating from Cajal cells, are most commonly located in the stomach; therefore they can be found in the specimens excised during bariatric operations. The global prevalence of GISTs is about 130 cases per million population. Morbidity differs depending on geographical latitude. Although surgery is the treatment of choice for GISTs, 40-50% of patients after radical surgical treatment will have a relapse or metastases. AIM: To analyze the incidence of GISTs in patients undergoing bariatric surgery and to verify whether an operation performed according to the bariatric protocol is oncologically radical in case of GIST...
September 2017: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061658/the-gastrointestinal-tract-as-an-integrator-of-mechanical-and-hormonal-response-to-nutrient-ingestion
#15
Adrian Vella, Michael Camilleri
Glucose tolerance after meal ingestion in vivo is the result of multiple processes that occur in parallel. Insulin secretion together with reciprocal inhibition of glucagon secretion contributes to glucose tolerance. However, other factors beyond glucose effectiveness and insulin action require consideration. The absorption of ingested nutrients and their subsequent systemic rate of appearance largely depend on the rate of delivery of nutrients to the proximal small intestine. This is determined by the integrated response of the upper gastrointestinal tract to a meal...
November 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054907/secondary-aortoduodenal-fistula-and-the-unrecognised-herald-bleed
#16
Francesc Simó Alari, Esther Molina González, Israel Gutierrez, Aïcha Ahamdanech-Idrissi
A 65-year-old man with history of aortobifemoral surgery 4 years ago was admitted to hospital after sudden abdominal pain. Initially misdiagnosed as renal colic, he was treated with analgesics, and while on observation he started with haematemesis, rapidly responding to volume infusion. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed fresh blood in the stomach with no visible active bleeding. CT scan showed an important contrast extravasation from the aorta to the third duodenal portion, restarting haemodynamic instability and a cardiac arrest...
October 20, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049228/the-efficiency-of-sonography-in-diagnosing-volvulus-in-neonates-with-suspected-intestinal-malrotation
#17
Wenhua Zhang, Hongjun Sun, Fangqiong Luo
This study is to prospectively evaluate the efficiency of sonography for volvulus diagnosis in neonates with clinically suspected intestinal malrotation.A total of 83 patients with suspected intestinal malrotation who underwent detailed abdominal sonography and upper gastrointestinal contrast study were included. Malrotation was characterized by inversion of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and superior mesenteric vein (SMV) in sonographic examination. The "whirlpool sign" of Color Doppler Sonography was recognized as a characteristic for malrotation with volvulus...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039113/a-gastric-glomus-tumor-resected-using-non-exposed-endoscopic-wall-inversion-surgery
#18
Masahide Ebi, Tomoya Sugiyama, Kazuhiro Yamamoto, Takuya Saito, Tadahisa Inoue, Yoshiharu Yamaguchi, Yasuhiro Tamura, Shinya Izawa, Yasutaka Hijikata, Yasushi Funaki, Naotaka Ogasawara, Makoto Sasaki, Kunio Kasugai
Gastric glomus tumors are extremely rare, constituting approximately 1% of gastric mesenchymal tumors. We report the case of a 45-year-old female patient in whom upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a 3-cm submucosal tumor with a bridging fold in the posterior wall of the antrum of the stomach. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed the tumor to be hypervascular in the arterial phase and exhibit continuous enhancement in the post-venous phase. Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging showed that the tumor was hypervascular in the early phase and persistently enhanced in the late phase...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035976/the-impact-of-obesity-on-mortality-and-other-outcomes-in-patients-with-nonvariceal-upper-gastrointestinal-hemorrhage-in-the-united-states
#19
Marwan S Abougergi, Heather Peluso, Chebli Mrad, John R Saltzman
GOALS: To quantify in patients with nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage (NVUGIH) the relationship between obesity and mortality, disease severity, treatment modalities, and resource utilization. BACKGROUND: NVUGIH is the most common gastrointestinal emergency. STUDY: Adults with a principal diagnosis of NVUGIH were selected from the 2014 National Inpatient Sample. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality. Secondary outcomes were hemorrhagic shock, prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV), upper endoscopy [esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD)], radiologic treatment, surgery, length of hospital stay (LOS), and total hospitalization costs and charges...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031177/giant-gastric-lipoma-presenting-as-gi-bleed-enucleation-or-resection
#20
Salah Termos, Ossama Reslan, Omar Alqabandi, Abdullah AlDuwaisan, Saud Al-Subaie, Khalifa Alyatama, Mohammad Alali, Ahmad AlSaleh
INTRODUCTION: Gastric lipomas are unusual benign lesions and account for less than 1% of all tumours of the stomach and 5% of all gastrointestinal lipomas (Thompson et al.2003; Fernandez et al. 1983 [1,2]). Although predominantly asymptomatic and indolent; they may present with gastric outlet obstruction and upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding owing to size and ulceration. Only a few cases have been reported, presenting large in size with massive GI bleeding (Alcalde Escribano et al...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
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