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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898852/horse-species-symposium-biomechanics-of-the-exercising-horse
#1
Hilary M Clayton
In spite of having large height and body mass, horses are cursorial animals with an extensive gait repertoire and considerable athletic abilities. The limbs have evolved so that the heavy musculature is confined to the proximal limbs while the distal limbs are light in weight with a single functional digit and long, lightweight tendons to move and support the distal joints. These adaptations reduce the moment of inertia and decrease the energy expended to protract and retract the limbs during locomotion. There is a division of labor between the forelimbs, which have a pillar-like construction specialized for weight bearing, and the hind limbs, in which the more angulated joints provide leverage for the generation of propulsion...
October 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882408/-evidence-based-recommendations-on-diagnostics-and-therapy-of-axial-spondyloarthritis-s3-guidelines-of-the-german-society-of-rheumatology-dgrh-in-cooperation-with-the-association-of-the-scientific-medical-societies-in-germany-awmf
#2
REVIEW
U Kiltz, M Rudwaleit, J Sieper, J Braun
The clinical course of axial spondyloarthritis (SpA) is variable and characterized by chronic back pain and extraspinal manifestations, such as asymmetrical arthritis, dactylitis and enthesitis. Extra-articular manifestations in the eyes (anterior uveitis), skin (psoriasis) and intestines (chronic inflammatory bowel disease) are also frequent manifestations in patients with SpA. Due to the heterogeneity of disease manifestations and the partial concentration on structural alterations in the sacroiliac joints visible in X‑ray images, the diagnosis is often delayed for many years...
November 23, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817235/-psoriasis-and-oxidative-stress
#3
Iván Péter, Anna Jagicza, Zénó Ajtay, István Kiss, Balázs Németh
Psoriasis is among the most common dermatological diseases worldwide. Its significance is emphasized by adverse effects on quality of life, caused by chronic pain, physical and psychical disability due to psoriatic plaques. Besides the development of psoriatic arthritis, which often causes permanent joint damage, former studies revealed an increased risk of inflammatory bowel disease, cardiovascular disease and certain types of cancer. Genetic predisposition and oxidative stress caused by exogenous and endogenous factors can contribute to abnormal differentiation and hyperproliferation of keratinocytes, accordingly the development and maintenance of psoriasis...
November 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709035/opening-wedge-proximal-tibial-osteotomy
#4
Michael O'Malley, Patrick J Reardon, Ayoosh Pareek, Aaron Krych, Michael J Stuart
Varus knee malalignment caused by medial compartment arthritis results in progressive asymmetric wear of the tibiofemoral joint. This wear can cause progressively painful gonarthrosis. Surgical methods to address varus knee malalignment include lateral closing-wedge proximal tibial osteotomy, medial opening-wedge osteotomy, and arthroplasty. Medial opening-wedge proximal tibial osteotomy is an effective procedure for restoring proper coronal alignment and reducing knee pain. In this technical note, we present a reproducible technique for proximal tibial osteotomy...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562569/arterial-calcification-due-to-cd73-deficiency-acdc-imaging-manifestations-of-ectopic-mineralization
#5
Luis Balmore Gutierrez, Thomas Link, Krishna Chaganti, Daria Motamedi
Arterial calcification due to CD73 deficiency (ACDC) is a recently identified rare and debilitating adult-onset disorder caused by autosomal recessive NT5E gene mutations. ACDC is characterized by progressive and painful arterial calcifications primarily affecting the lower extremities, as well as calcifications affecting small joint capsules of the hands and feet. In this case report, the authors provide clinical follow-up for one of the first individuals identified by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) as having ACDC, focusing mainly on the imaging manifestations of periarticular joint mineralization, which are bilateral but slightly asymmetric, bulky up to the levels of the metacarpophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joints, but smaller and more capsular in distribution at the proximal and distal interphalangeal joints, without erosive change or intra-articular mineralization...
November 2016: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190666/clostridium-difficile-enterocolitis-and-reactive-arthritis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Michela Cappella, Fabrizio Pugliese, Andrea Zucchini, Federico Marchetti
Reactive arthritis is a rare complication of Clostridium difficile enterocolitis, especially in children. We review the 6 pediatric cases published in the English and non-English literature and discuss their clinical presentation, outcome, treatment, and pathophysiology. We also report the seventh case of Clostridium difficile reactive arthritis in a 6-year-old boy who was treated with amoxicillin-clavulanate for 10 days because of an upper respiratory infection. After the antibiotic course, the child developed at the same time diarrhea with positive stool culture for Clostridium difficile and an asymmetric polyarthritis...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26915775/the-use-of-tibial-osteotomy-ankle-plafondplasty-for-joint-preservation-of-ankle-deformity-and-early-arthritis
#7
REVIEW
Shafic Said Al-Nammari, Mark S Myerson
Asymmetric ankle osteoarthritis (OA) is an increasingly recognized condition. It is imperative to differentiate between extraarticular and intraarticular deformity and to address these appropriately. Any associated instability and multilevel deformity must be recognized and addressed. Patients with intraarticular varus or valgus asymmetric OA have poorer outcomes and higher rates of recurrence when treated with standard techniques targeted at correction with traditional supramalleolar or inframalleolar techniques...
March 2016: Foot and Ankle Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26836843/facet-orientation-and-tropism-associations-with-asymmetric-lumbar-paraspinal-and-psoas-muscle-parameters-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#8
W B Xu, S Chen, S W Fan, F D Zhao, X J Yu, Z J Hu
BACKGROUND: Many studies have explored the relationship between facet tropism and facet joint osteoarthritis, disc degeneration and degenerative spondylolisthesis. However, the associations between facet orientation and tropism, and paraspinal muscles have not been studied. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the associations between facet orientation and tropism, and parameters of paraspinal muscles in patients with chronic low back pain. METHODS: Ninety-five patients with chronic low back pain were consecutively enrolled...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26713295/septic-arthritis-in-the-temporomandibular-joint
#9
Hassan Mahdi Al-Khalisy, Ivan Nikiforov, Qurat Mansoora, John Goldman, Pramil Cheriyath
UNLABELLED: Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a rare event that has only been reported a few dozen times worldwide. This case is remarkable for septic arthritis of the TMJ joint in an otherwise healthy male. CASE REPORT: A 24-year-old male presented to the emergency department with periauricular swelling, erythema, fever, myalgia's and generalized joint pain. He had previously sought medical attention and was placed on ciprofloxacin. However, he developed facial swelling and a rash and had to discontinue the antibiotic...
October 2015: North American Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26708936/clinical-predictors-of-temporomandibular-joint-arthritis-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-systematic-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Kasper Dahl Kristensen, Peter Stoustrup, Annelise Küseler, Thomas Klit Pedersen, Marika Twilt, Troels Herlin
AIM: To assess the level of evidence for subjective and objective parameters in clinical orofacial examination and determine if predictors for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) involvement in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients exist in the current literature. METHOD: A comprehensive systematic electronic search strategy was performed in all major medical databases in June 2015. Studies were selected independently by two reviewers in accordance with a prespecified protocol and a risk of bias assessment for all included studies...
June 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26684726/trunk-coordination-in-healthy-and-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain-subjects-during-repetitive-flexion-extension-tasks-effects-of-movement-asymmetry-velocity-and-load
#11
Hamid Reza Mokhtarinia, Mohammad Ali Sanjari, Mahshid Chehrehrazi, Sedigheh Kahrizi, Mohamad Parnianpour
Multiple joint interactions are critical to produce stable coordinated movements and can be influenced by low back pain and task conditions. Inter-segmental coordination pattern and variability were assessed in subjects with and without chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNSLBP). Kinematic data were collected from 22 CNSLBP and 22 healthy volunteers during repeated trunk flexion-extension in various conditions of symmetry, velocity, and loading; each at two levels. Sagittal plane angular data were time normalized and used to calculate continuous relative phase for each data point...
February 2016: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26677159/juvenile-spondyloarthropathy-an-important-clinical-lesson-to-remember
#12
Radhika Sridharan, Chai Soon Ngiu, Syahrul Sazliyana Shaharir, Mohd Shahrir Mohamed Said
Spondyloarthropathy (SpA) is a group of inflammatory conditions that include spondylitis, sacroiliitis, asymmetrical peripheral arthritis and enthesitis. This condition is known as juvenile SpA when the diagnosis is made in patients up to 16 years of age. Enthesitis is a highly specific feature that occurs more often in juvenile SpA than in the adult form. In contrast to adult onset SpA, the initial manifestation of juvenile SpA rarely presents as inflammatory back pain. Peripheral arthritis is the more common presenting feature...
2015: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26601781/similarities-and-differences-between-patients-fulfilling-axial-and-peripheral-asas-criteria-for-spondyloarthritis-results-from-the-esperanza-cohort
#13
Pilar del Río-Martínez, Victoria Navarro-Compán, Consuelo Díaz-Miguel, Raquel Almodóvar, Juan Mulero, Eugenio De Miguel
OBJECTIVES: To describe and compare the characteristics of patients fulfilling the ASAS criteria for axial Spondyloarthritis (SpA) versus peripheral SpA . METHODS: Baseline dataset from the ESPeranza cohort was used. In this programme, patients were referred to rheumatologist in case of (1) age <45 years, (2) symptoms duration 3-24 months and (3) inflammatory back pain (IBP) or asymmetrical arthritis or spinal/joint pain plus ≥1 SpA features. The programme was developed between April 2008 and June 2011...
February 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26493970/acute-management-of-traumatic-knee-dislocations-for-the-generalist
#14
REVIEW
Robert H Boyce, Keerat Singh, William T Obremskey
Acute knee dislocations are an uncommon injury that can result in profound consequences if not recognized and managed appropriately on presentation. Patients presenting with knee pain in the setting of high- or low-energy trauma may have sustained a knee dislocation that spontaneously reduced. Prompt reduction of the dislocated knee and serial neurovascular examinations are paramount. Damage to the popliteal artery is a common associated injury that can be diagnosed on physical examination using ankle brachial indices (ABIs), CT angiography, or standard angiography...
December 2015: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26475223/supporting-the-upper-body-with-the-hand-on-the-thigh-reduces-back-loading-during-lifting
#15
Idsart Kingma, Gert S Faber, Jaap H van Dieën
When picking objects from the floor, low back pain patients often tend to support the upper body by leaning with one hand on a thigh. While this strategy may reduce back load, this has not yet been assessed, probably due to the difficulty of measuring the forces between hand and thigh. Ten healthy male subjects lifted a pencil and a crate from the floor, with four lifting techniques (free, squat, stoop and a Weight Lifters Technique (WLT)), each of which was performed with and without supporting with one hand on the thigh...
April 11, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26450826/quadriceps-strength-asymmetry-predicts-loading-asymmetry-during-sit-to-stand-task-in-patients-with-unilateral-total-knee-arthroplasty
#16
Ali H Alnahdi, Joseph A Zeni, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine interlimb differences in muscle strength and sit-to-stand (STS) kinetics in persons who underwent unilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and to determine whether knee pain, quadriceps or hip abductor weakness contributes to altered STS performance. It was hypothesized that the operated limb would have weaker muscles, lower mechanical loading and that operated knee pain and muscle strength symmetry would predict loading symmetry between limbs during STS...
August 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26441062/joint-involvement-secondary-to-epstein-barr-virus
#17
Carlos Manuel Feced Olmos, Meritxell Fernández Matilla, Montserrat Robustillo Villarino, Isabel de la Morena Barrio, Juan José Alegre Sancho
We describe a group of patients with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection and joint involvement. Between February 2011 and January 2012, there were six cases in our unit. Two presented with a pattern similar to rheumatoid arthritis, three had polyarthralgia with an inflammatory pattern and only one patient had asymmetrical oligoarthritis of large joints. They were all women aged between 25 and 75 (4 were of child-bearing potential). Diagnosis in all the cases was made by exclusion of other possible causes and negative IgM were obtained for the rest of the "Herpesviridae" family viruses...
March 2016: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26378361/degenerative-spinal-deformity
#18
REVIEW
Tamir Ailon, Justin S Smith, Christopher I Shaffrey, Lawrence G Lenke, Darrel Brodke, James S Harrop, Michael Fehlings, Christopher P Ames
Degenerative spinal deformity afflicts a significant portion of the elderly and is increasing in prevalence. Recent evidence has revealed sagittal plane malalignment to be a key driver of pain and disability in this population and has led to a significant shift toward a more evidence-based management paradigm. In this narrative review, we review the recent literature on the epidemiology, evaluation, management, and outcomes of degenerative adult spinal deformity (ASD). ASD is increasing in prevalence in North America due to an aging population and demographic shifts...
October 2015: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26361443/dysplasia-epiphysealis-hemimelica-treated-with-osteochondral-allograft-a-case-report
#19
REVIEW
Chris A Anthony, Brian R Wolf
BACKGROUND: Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica (DEH), or Trevor's disease, is a developmental disorder of the pediatric skeleton characterized by asymmetric osteochondral overgrowth. METHODS: We present the case of a five year old boy with a two year history of right knee pain and evidence of DEH on imaging who underwent initial arthroscopic resection of his lesion with subsequent recurrence. The patient then underwent osteochondral allograft revision surgery and was asymptomatic at two year follow-up with a congruent joint surface...
2015: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26357428/the-effect-of-gait-training-with-shoe-inserts-on-the-improvement-of-pain-and-gait-in-sacroiliac-joint-patients
#20
Byung-Yun Cho, Jung-Gyu Yoon
[Purpose] The purpose of the current research was to identify how gait training with shoe inserts affects the pain and gait of sacroiliac joint dysfunction patients. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty subjects were randomly selected and assigned to be either the experimental group (gait training with shoe insert group) or control group. Each group consisted of 15 patients. Pain was measured by Visual Analogue Scale, and foot pressure in a standing position and during gait was measured with a Gateview AFA-50 system (Alpus, Seoul, Republic of Korea)...
August 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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