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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195607/effects-of-cementing-on-ligament-balance-during-total-knee-arthroplasty
#1
Jimmy Chow, Kevin Wang, Leah Elson, Christopher Anderson, Martin Roche
Complications related to joint imbalance may contribute to some of the most predominant modes of failure in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). These complications include instability, aseptic loosening, asymmetric component wear, and idiopathic pain. Fixation may represent a step that introduces unchecked variability into the procedure and may contribute to the incidence of joint imbalance-related complications. The ability to quantify in vivo loading in the medial and lateral compartments would allow for the ability to confirm balance after fixation and prior to wound closure...
February 13, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169098/knee-joint-moments-during-high-flexion-movements-timing-of-peak-moments-and-the-effect-of-safety-footwear
#2
Helen C Chong, Liana M Tennant, David C Kingston, Stacey M Acker
AIM: (1) Characterize knee joint moments and peak knee flexion moment timing during kneeling transitions, with the intent of identifying high-risk postures. (2) Determine whether safety footwear worn by kneeling workers (construction workers, tile setters, masons, roofers) alters high flexion kneeling mechanics. METHODS: Fifteen males performed high flexion kneeling transitions. Kinetics and kinematics were analyzed for differences in ascent and descent in the lead and trail legs...
February 4, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099107/case-238-spontaneous-pneumothorax-secondary-to-intrapulmonary-necrobiotic-rheumatoid-nodule
#3
Ammar A Chaudhry, Maryam Gul, Abbas A Chaudhry, William Moore
History A 54-year-old white woman with a history of rheumatoid arthritis who was taking glucocorticoids and methotrexate presented to the emergency department in December with worsening shortness of breath and chest heaviness for 1 week. She reported additional symptoms of weakness, headache, and arthralgia primarily involving her bilateral hands, wrist, ankles, and feet. She denied experiencing fevers, syncope or presyncope, focal neurologic deficits, chest pain, nausea, vomiting, unintentional weight loss, or recent trauma...
February 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068837/immediate-effects-of-acupuncture-treatment-on-intra-and-inter-limb-contributions-to-body-support-during-gait-in-patients-with-bilateral-medial-knee-osteoarthritis
#4
Yen-Hung Liu, I-Pin Wei, Ting-Ming Wang, Tung-Wu Lu, Jaung-Geng Lin
Knee osteoarthritis (OA) often leads to altered balance control, joint motion and loading patterns during gait. Acupuncture has been proven to be effective in pain relief but its effects on inter-joint load-sharing for body balance have not been reported. The current study bridged the gap by quantifying the immediate effects of acupuncture on the inter-joint and inter-limb load-sharing in patients with knee OA during level walking in terms of the total support moment (Ms) and the contribution of individual joints to the total support moment...
2017: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032224/asymmetric-c7-pedicle-subtraction-osteotomy-for-correction-of-rigid-cervical-coronal-imbalance-secondary-to-post-traumatic-heterotopic-ossification-a-case-report-description-of-a-novel-surgical-technique-and-literature-review
#5
Alexander A Theologis, Kate D Bellevue, Erion Qamirani, Christopher P Ames, Vedat Deviren
PURPOSE: Deformities of the cervical spine are uncommon in the coronal plane. In this report, a unique case of a 31-year-old male with a fixed, 30° left coronal deformity due to heterotopic ossification 3 years status post poly-trauma was treated with an asymmetric C7 pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO). METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: Pre-operatively, the patient had a fixed 45-degree left tilt of his neck and radiographs demonstrated a rigid 30° scoliosis, 7 cm coronal imbalance, and 4 cm negative sagittal balance, diffuse bridging bone between the spinous processes and the facet joints of C5 to T1 bilaterally...
December 28, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027386/paresis-of-the-peroneal-nerve-a-rare-but-severe-long-term-complication-of-polyethylene-wear-in-knee-arthroplasty
#6
Matthias Aurich, Mark Lenz, Norman Best
One of the most important limiting factors in the long-term success of total knee arthroplasty is polyethylene wear. Particles of the polyethylene inserts have been shown to elicit a foreign body response, which produces bone resorption and osteolysis, ultimately leading to loosening and component failure. The authors report on a case of an elderly patient who underwent a total knee arthroplasty almost 2 decades ago. Clinical and radiological checkups of the knee had not been performed recently. He now presented with a painful and swollen knee, recurrent joint effusion and swelling of the lower leg, and paresis of the peroneal nerve...
December 27, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998301/acute-polyarthritis-in-a-young-patient-caused-by-meningococcal-and-parvovirus-b19-infections-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Virginie Lavoipierre, Anna Dellyes, Camille Aubry, Christine Zandotti, Pierre Lafforgue, Philippe Parola, Jean-Christophe Lagier
BACKGROUND: Meningococcal infection is a multifaceted disease including acute polyarthritis. This presentation should be known by clinicians in order to prevent delay in treatment. We report what we believe to be the first case of an association of parvovirus B19 and meningococcal polyarthritis in a young adult. CASE PRESENTATION: A 19-year-old Caucasian woman presented to our hospital with fever, intense leg pain, and a transient rash. A physical examination showed asymmetric polyarthritis and no neurological abnormalities...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898852/horse-species-symposium-biomechanics-of-the-exercising-horse
#8
Hilary M Clayton
In spite of having large height and body mass, horses are cursorial animals with an extensive gait repertoire and considerable athletic abilities. The limbs have evolved so that the heavy musculature is confined to the proximal limbs while the distal limbs are light in weight with a single functional digit and long, lightweight tendons to move and support the distal joints. These adaptations reduce the moment of inertia and decrease the energy expended to protract and retract the limbs during locomotion. There is a division of labor between the forelimbs, which have a pillar-like construction specialized for weight bearing, and the hind limbs, in which the more angulated joints provide leverage for the generation of propulsion...
October 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882408/-evidence-based-recommendations-on-diagnostics-and-therapy-of-axial-spondyloarthritis-s3-guidelines-of-the-german-society-of-rheumatology-dgrh-in-cooperation-with-the-association-of-the-scientific-medical-societies-in-germany-awmf
#9
REVIEW
U Kiltz, M Rudwaleit, J Sieper, J Braun
The clinical course of axial spondyloarthritis (SpA) is variable and characterized by chronic back pain and extraspinal manifestations, such as asymmetrical arthritis, dactylitis and enthesitis. Extra-articular manifestations in the eyes (anterior uveitis), skin (psoriasis) and intestines (chronic inflammatory bowel disease) are also frequent manifestations in patients with SpA. Due to the heterogeneity of disease manifestations and the partial concentration on structural alterations in the sacroiliac joints visible in X‑ray images, the diagnosis is often delayed for many years...
November 23, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817235/-psoriasis-and-oxidative-stress
#10
Iván Péter, Anna Jagicza, Zénó Ajtay, István Kiss, Balázs Németh
Psoriasis is among the most common dermatological diseases worldwide. Its significance is emphasized by adverse effects on quality of life, caused by chronic pain, physical and psychical disability due to psoriatic plaques. Besides the development of psoriatic arthritis, which often causes permanent joint damage, former studies revealed an increased risk of inflammatory bowel disease, cardiovascular disease and certain types of cancer. Genetic predisposition and oxidative stress caused by exogenous and endogenous factors can contribute to abnormal differentiation and hyperproliferation of keratinocytes, accordingly the development and maintenance of psoriasis...
November 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709035/opening-wedge-proximal-tibial-osteotomy
#11
Michael O'Malley, Patrick J Reardon, Ayoosh Pareek, Aaron Krych, Michael J Stuart
Varus knee malalignment caused by medial compartment arthritis results in progressive asymmetric wear of the tibiofemoral joint. This wear can cause progressively painful gonarthrosis. Surgical methods to address varus knee malalignment include lateral closing-wedge proximal tibial osteotomy, medial opening-wedge osteotomy, and arthroplasty. Medial opening-wedge proximal tibial osteotomy is an effective procedure for restoring proper coronal alignment and reducing knee pain. In this technical note, we present a reproducible technique for proximal tibial osteotomy...
August 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562569/arterial-calcification-due-to-cd73-deficiency-acdc-imaging-manifestations-of-ectopic-mineralization
#12
Luis Balmore Gutierrez, Thomas Link, Krishna Chaganti, Daria Motamedi
Arterial calcification due to CD73 deficiency (ACDC) is a recently identified rare and debilitating adult-onset disorder caused by autosomal recessive NT5E gene mutations. ACDC is characterized by progressive and painful arterial calcifications primarily affecting the lower extremities, as well as calcifications affecting small joint capsules of the hands and feet. In this case report, the authors provide clinical follow-up for one of the first individuals identified by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) as having ACDC, focusing mainly on the imaging manifestations of periarticular joint mineralization, which are bilateral but slightly asymmetric, bulky up to the levels of the metacarpophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joints, but smaller and more capsular in distribution at the proximal and distal interphalangeal joints, without erosive change or intra-articular mineralization...
November 2016: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190666/clostridium-difficile-enterocolitis-and-reactive-arthritis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Michela Cappella, Fabrizio Pugliese, Andrea Zucchini, Federico Marchetti
Reactive arthritis is a rare complication of Clostridium difficile enterocolitis, especially in children. We review the 6 pediatric cases published in the English and non-English literature and discuss their clinical presentation, outcome, treatment, and pathophysiology. We also report the seventh case of Clostridium difficile reactive arthritis in a 6-year-old boy who was treated with amoxicillin-clavulanate for 10 days because of an upper respiratory infection. After the antibiotic course, the child developed at the same time diarrhea with positive stool culture for Clostridium difficile and an asymmetric polyarthritis...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26915775/the-use-of-tibial-osteotomy-ankle-plafondplasty-for-joint-preservation-of-ankle-deformity-and-early-arthritis
#14
REVIEW
Shafic Said Al-Nammari, Mark S Myerson
Asymmetric ankle osteoarthritis (OA) is an increasingly recognized condition. It is imperative to differentiate between extraarticular and intraarticular deformity and to address these appropriately. Any associated instability and multilevel deformity must be recognized and addressed. Patients with intraarticular varus or valgus asymmetric OA have poorer outcomes and higher rates of recurrence when treated with standard techniques targeted at correction with traditional supramalleolar or inframalleolar techniques...
March 2016: Foot and Ankle Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26836843/facet-orientation-and-tropism-associations-with-asymmetric-lumbar-paraspinal-and-psoas-muscle-parameters-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#15
W B Xu, S Chen, S W Fan, F D Zhao, X J Yu, Z J Hu
BACKGROUND: Many studies have explored the relationship between facet tropism and facet joint osteoarthritis, disc degeneration and degenerative spondylolisthesis. However, the associations between facet orientation and tropism, and paraspinal muscles have not been studied. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the associations between facet orientation and tropism, and parameters of paraspinal muscles in patients with chronic low back pain. METHODS: Ninety-five patients with chronic low back pain were consecutively enrolled...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26713295/septic-arthritis-in-the-temporomandibular-joint
#16
Hassan Mahdi Al-Khalisy, Ivan Nikiforov, Qurat Mansoora, John Goldman, Pramil Cheriyath
UNLABELLED: Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a rare event that has only been reported a few dozen times worldwide. This case is remarkable for septic arthritis of the TMJ joint in an otherwise healthy male. CASE REPORT: A 24-year-old male presented to the emergency department with periauricular swelling, erythema, fever, myalgia's and generalized joint pain. He had previously sought medical attention and was placed on ciprofloxacin. However, he developed facial swelling and a rash and had to discontinue the antibiotic...
October 2015: North American Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26708936/clinical-predictors-of-temporomandibular-joint-arthritis-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-systematic-literature-review
#17
REVIEW
Kasper Dahl Kristensen, Peter Stoustrup, Annelise Küseler, Thomas Klit Pedersen, Marika Twilt, Troels Herlin
AIM: To assess the level of evidence for subjective and objective parameters in clinical orofacial examination and determine if predictors for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) involvement in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients exist in the current literature. METHOD: A comprehensive systematic electronic search strategy was performed in all major medical databases in June 2015. Studies were selected independently by two reviewers in accordance with a prespecified protocol and a risk of bias assessment for all included studies...
June 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26684726/trunk-coordination-in-healthy-and-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain-subjects-during-repetitive-flexion-extension-tasks-effects-of-movement-asymmetry-velocity-and-load
#18
Hamid Reza Mokhtarinia, Mohammad Ali Sanjari, Mahshid Chehrehrazi, Sedigheh Kahrizi, Mohamad Parnianpour
Multiple joint interactions are critical to produce stable coordinated movements and can be influenced by low back pain and task conditions. Inter-segmental coordination pattern and variability were assessed in subjects with and without chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNSLBP). Kinematic data were collected from 22 CNSLBP and 22 healthy volunteers during repeated trunk flexion-extension in various conditions of symmetry, velocity, and loading; each at two levels. Sagittal plane angular data were time normalized and used to calculate continuous relative phase for each data point...
February 2016: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26677159/juvenile-spondyloarthropathy-an-important-clinical-lesson-to-remember
#19
Radhika Sridharan, Chai Soon Ngiu, Syahrul Sazliyana Shaharir, Mohd Shahrir Mohamed Said
Spondyloarthropathy (SpA) is a group of inflammatory conditions that include spondylitis, sacroiliitis, asymmetrical peripheral arthritis and enthesitis. This condition is known as juvenile SpA when the diagnosis is made in patients up to 16 years of age. Enthesitis is a highly specific feature that occurs more often in juvenile SpA than in the adult form. In contrast to adult onset SpA, the initial manifestation of juvenile SpA rarely presents as inflammatory back pain. Peripheral arthritis is the more common presenting feature...
2015: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26601781/similarities-and-differences-between-patients-fulfilling-axial-and-peripheral-asas-criteria-for-spondyloarthritis-results-from-the-esperanza-cohort
#20
Pilar del Río-Martínez, Victoria Navarro-Compán, Consuelo Díaz-Miguel, Raquel Almodóvar, Juan Mulero, Eugenio De Miguel
OBJECTIVES: To describe and compare the characteristics of patients fulfilling the ASAS criteria for axial Spondyloarthritis (SpA) versus peripheral SpA . METHODS: Baseline dataset from the ESPeranza cohort was used. In this programme, patients were referred to rheumatologist in case of (1) age <45 years, (2) symptoms duration 3-24 months and (3) inflammatory back pain (IBP) or asymmetrical arthritis or spinal/joint pain plus ≥1 SpA features. The programme was developed between April 2008 and June 2011...
February 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
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