keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Fibrosis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944952/bypassing-agent-prophylaxis-in-people-with-hemophilia-a-or-b-with-inhibitors
#1
REVIEW
Chatree Chai-Adisaksopha, Sarah J Nevitt, Mindy L Simpson, Maissaa Janbain, Barbara A Konkle
BACKGROUND: People with hemophilia A or B with inhibitors are at high risk of bleeding complications. Infusion of bypassing agents, such as recombinant activated FVII (rFVIIa) and plasma-derived activated prothrombin complex concentrate, are suggested as alternative therapies to factor VIII (haemophilia A) or IX (haemophilia B) for individuals who no longer respond to these treatments because they develop inhibitory antibodies. The ultimate goal of treatment is to preserve the individual's joints, otherwise destroyed by recurrent bleeds...
September 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944926/upregulation-of-long-noncoding-rna-ap003419-16-predicts-high-risk-of-aging%C3%A2-associated-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#2
Xiaoyan Hao, Yufeng Du, Li Qian, Dan Li, Xuejun Liu
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are able to regulate adjacent genes and thus participate in the incidence in the present study has identified lncRNA AP003419.16, adjacent to the protein‑coding gene ribosomal protein S6 kinase B‑2 (RPS6KB2). RPS6KB2 is believed to be involved in the process of aging and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), due to its activation by growth factors and regulation by the protein kinase mTOR signaling pathway. The results of the present study indicated that the expression of AP003419...
September 25, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944921/inhibition-of-microrna%C3%A2-155-ameliorates-cardiac-fibrosis-in-the-process-of-angiotensin-ii%C3%A2-induced-cardiac-remodeling
#3
Yuzhen Wei, Xiaofei Yan, Lianhua Yan, Fen Hu, Wenhan Ma, Ya Wang, Shuai Lu, Qiutang Zeng, Zhaohui Wang
Cardiac fibrosis triggered by pressure overload represents one of the major challenges in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. MicroRNA (miRNA/miR)‑155, a member of the small RNA family, has previously been demonstrated to be associated with cardiac inflammation. However, the effect of miR‑155 on cardiac fibrosis induced by angiotensin II (Ang II), particularly in cardiac fibroblasts, requires further investigation. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of miR‑155 in Ang II‑induced cardiac fibrosis using animal models and cardiac fibroblasts...
September 21, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944900/circulating-mirna%C3%A2-21-is-a-promising-biomarker-for-heart-failure
#4
Jianghua Zhang, Qiang Xing, Xianhui Zhou, Jinxin Li, Yaodong Li, Lin Zhang, Qina Zhou, Baopeng Tang
microRNA 21 (miRNA‑21) promotes the development of cardiac fibrosis, hypertrophy and heart failure. However, whether it can be used as a biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of heart failure remains unclear. The current study assessed circulating miRNA‑21 as a viable indicator for diagnosis and prognosis of heart failure. The levels of miRNA‑21 and brain natriuretic peptide were measured in serum obtained from the peripheral vein (miRNA‑21‑PV) and coronary sinus (miRNA‑21‑CS) of 80 patients with heart failure and 40 control individuals via reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction and ELISA, respectively...
September 21, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944894/glucosylceramide-synthase-regulates-the-proliferation-and-apoptosis-of-liver-cells-in%C3%A2-vitro-by-bcl%C3%A2-2-bax-pathway
#5
Jun-Feng Li, Su-Jun Zheng, Li-Li Wang, Shuang Liu, Feng Ren, Yu Chen, Li Bai, Mei Liu, Zhong-Ping Duan
Our previous study found that glucosylceramide, a type of sphingolipids, was associated with liver inflammation and fibrosis. Glucosylceramide is generated by glucosylceramide synthase (GCS), which is encoded by the UDP‑glucose ceramide glucosyltransferase (UGCG) gene. GCS is a key enzyme to regulate the physiological activity of cells. However, the role of GCS in hepatic cells remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to explore the mechanism of GCS in the proliferation and apoptosis of liver cells...
September 21, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944893/pigment-epithelium%C3%A2-derived-factor-protects-human-glomerular-mesangial-cells-from-diabetes-via-noxo1%C3%A2-inos-suppression
#6
Ling Gao, Yingjie Hu, Jing Li
The authors previously reported that pigment epithelium‑derived factor (PEDF) protects the diabetic kidney from fibrosis via its anti‑oxidative effects. However, the underlying molecular mechanism has never been revealed. The present study aimed to investigate how PEDF protects mesangial cells from diabetes induced damage. Human mesangial cells were exposed to a diabetic environment [30 mmol/l glucose and 200 mg advanced glycation end products (AGEs)] in the absence or presence of PEDF (200 mg/l). The superoxide and peroxynitrite productions were measured by fluorescent assay...
September 20, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944892/-retracted-cathepsin-b-inhibition-attenuates-cardiac-dysfunction-and-remodeling-following-myocardial-infarction-by-inhibiting-the-nlrp3-pathway
#7
Aiguo Liu, Xuan Gao, Qingbin Zhang, Lianqun Cui
An interested reader drew to our attention the fact that Figs. 4 and 5 in the above-mentioned article had already been published as Figs. 4 and  5 in the following paper [Boyle AJ, Kelly DJ, Zhang Y, Cox AJ, Gow RM, Way K, Itescu S, Krum H and Gilbert RE: Inhibition of protein kinase C reduces left ventricular fibrosis and dysfunction following myocardial infarction. J Mol Cell Cardiol 39: 213-221, 2005]. Following an investigation, the Journal was able to confirm that this accusation of plagiarism is well-founded...
September 20, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944823/integrated-strategy-of-differentially-expressed-genes-associated-with-ulcerative-colitis
#8
Juerong Feng, Qian Gao, Qing Liu, Fan Wang, Xue Lin, Qiu Zhao, Jing Liu, Jin Li
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease that is associated with both genetic and environmental factors; however, the underlying pathogenesis of UC remains unclear. The present study aimed to further explore 12 microarray datasets from patients with UC obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus repository, for potential genetic pathogenesis of UC through a global bioinformatics view, which included identification of differentially expressed genes (DEGs), functional enrichments, protein‑protein interactions, transcriptional and post‑transcriptional regulation and drug‑gene associations...
September 18, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944753/asymmetry-of-movements-in-cftr-s-two-atp-sites-during-pore-opening-serves-their-distinct-functions
#9
Ben Sorum, Beáta Töröcsik, László Csanády
CFTR, the chloride channel mutated in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, is opened by ATP binding to two cytosolic nucleotide binding domains (NBDs), but pore-domain mutations may also impair gating. ATP-bound NBDs dimerize occluding two nucleotides at interfacial binding sites; one site hydrolyzes ATP, the other is inactive. The pore opens upon tightening, and closes upon disengagement, of the catalytic site following ATP hydrolysis. Extent, timing, and role of non-catalytic-site movements are unknown. Here we exploit equilibrium gating of a hydrolysis-deficient mutant and apply F value analysis to compare timing of opening-associated movements at multiple locations, from the cytoplasmic ATP sites to the extracellular surface...
September 25, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944684/-r-panaxadiol-by-whole-cells-of-filamentous-fungus-absidia-coerulea-as-3-3382
#10
Yan Song, Sen-Sen Yan, Hai-Jun Lin, Jian-Lin Li, Xu-Guang Zhai, Jie Ren, Guang-Tong Chen
The microbial transformation of 20(R)-panaxadiol (PD) by the fungus Absidia coerulea AS 3.3382 afforded three new and three known metabolites. The structures of the metabolites were characterized as 3-oxo-20(R)-panaxadiol (1), 3-oxo-7β- hydroxyl-20(R)-panaxadiol (2), 3-oxo-22β-hydroxyl-20(R)-panaxadiol (3), 3-oxo- 7β,22β-dihydroxyl-20(R)-panaxadiol (4), 3-oxo-7β,24β-dihydroxyl-20(R)-panaxadiol (5), and 3-oxo-7β,24α-dihydroxyl-20(R)-panaxadiol (6). Among them, 2-4 were new compounds. In addition, compounds 3 and 4 exhibited significant anti-hepatic fibrosis activity...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944189/suppression-of-fibrosis-in-human-pterygium-fibroblasts-by-butyrate-and-phenylbutyrate
#11
Yuka Koga, Noriaki Maeshige, Hiroto Tabuchi, Mikiko Uemura, Michiko Aoyama-Ishikawa, Makoto Miyoshi, Chikako Katakami, Makoto Usami
AIM: To evaluate the antifibrogenic effects of butyrate or phenylbutyrate, a chemical derivative of butyrate, in human pterygium fibroblasts. METHODS: Human pterygium fibroblasts obtained from patient pterygium tissue were treated with butyrate or phenylbutyrate for 48h. Expression of α-smooth muscle actin, collagen I, collagen III and matrix metalloproteinase-1 mRNA was measured by quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, and acetylated histone was evaluated by Western blotting...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944182/right-ventricle-myectomy
#12
Konstantin V Borisov
Right ventricular (RV) hypertrophy is common in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), and is associated with more severe disease. Conventional surgical strategies such as the traditional Morrow procedure pose a particularly high risk to patients with severe hypertrophy and RV obstruction, for whom the most appropriate therapeutic approach has not yet been established. We have proposed a new technique for surgical correction in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy and severe hypertrophy, which involves approaching the area of obstruction by entering through the conal part of the RV...
July 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944141/nationwide-trends-of-hospitalizations-for-cystic-fibrosis-in-the-united-states-from-2003-to-2013
#13
Abhinav Agrawal, Abhishek Agarwal, Dhruv Mehta, Rutuja R Sikachi, Doantrang Du, Janice Wang
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a multisystem autosomal recessive genetic disorder with significant advances in early diagnosis and treatment in the last decade. It is important to provide updated information regarding these changing demographics as they also reflect a considerable improvement in survival. We analyzed the National Inpatient Sample Database (NIS) in the United States for all patients in which CF was the primary discharge diagnosis (ICD-9: 277.0-277.09) from 2003 to 2013 to evaluate the rate of hospitalizations and determine the cost and mortality associated with CF along with other epidemiological findings...
August 2017: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943682/residual-weighted-learning-for-estimating-individualized-treatment-rules
#14
Xin Zhou, Nicole Mayer-Hamblett, Umer Khan, Michael R Kosorok
Personalized medicine has received increasing attention among statisticians, computer scientists, and clinical practitioners. A major component of personalized medicine is the estimation of individualized treatment rules (ITRs). Recently, Zhao et al. (2012) proposed outcome weighted learning (OWL) to construct ITRs that directly optimize the clinical outcome. Although OWL opens the door to introducing machine learning techniques to optimal treatment regimes, it still has some problems in performance. (1) The estimated ITR of OWL is affected by a simple shift of the outcome...
2017: Journal of the American Statistical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943633/vancomycin-induced-leukocytoclastic-vasculitis-and-acute-renal-failure-due-to-tubulointerstitial-nephritis
#15
Chandra Shekar Pingili, Emmanuel E Okon
BACKGROUND Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia and sepsis are commonly treated with intravenous vancomycin. However, vancomycin treatment is associated adverse reactions, including skin rashes and nephrotoxicity. We present a case of acute renal failure due to acute tubulointerstitial nephritis associated with a diffuse leukocytoclastic vasculitic skin eruption following intravenous vancomycin treatment. CASE REPORT A 79-year-old Caucasian male patient was treated with intravenous vancomycin for MRSA bacteremia...
September 25, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943534/the-activities-of-daily-living-after-an-acute-exacerbation-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#16
Kazuya Koyama, Susumu Sakamoto, Takuma Isshiki, Hiroshige Shimizu, Atsuko Kurosaki, Sakae Homma
Objective An acute exacerbation (AE) of idiopathic pulmonary disease (IPF) represents a life threatening condition. The activities of daily living (ADL) and quality of life of patients who survive an AE of IPF (AE-IPF) are often diminished. However, the association between AE-IPF and the ADL has yet to be evaluated. To evaluate the effect of AE-IPF on the ADL. Methods, Patients Patients treated for AE-IPF from 2010 to 2014 were identified. We retrospectively evaluated their ADL before and after AE-IPF using a modified Barthel index (BI) composed of 6 items...
September 25, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943521/liver-fibrosis-progression-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b-a-prospective-study-with-paired-transient-elastography
#17
V Ws Wong, H Ly Chan, G Lh Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943227/-french-practical-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-2017%C3%A2-update-full-length-update
#18
V Cottin, B Crestani, J Cadranel, J-F Cordier, S Marchand-Adam, G Prévot, B Wallaert, E Bergot, P Camus, J-C Dalphin, C Dromer, E Gomez, D Israel-Biet, S Jouneau, R Kessler, C-H Marquette, M Reynaud-Gaubert, B Aguilaniu, D Bonnet, P Carré, C Danel, J-B Faivre, G Ferretti, N Just, F Lebargy, B Philippe, P Terrioux, F Thivolet-Béjui, B Trumbic, D Valeyre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2017: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943106/at2-receptor-agonist-compound-21-a-silver-lining-for-diabetic-nephropathy
#19
REVIEW
Anuradha Pandey, Anil Bhanudas Gaikwad
The currently available therapies for diabetic nephropathy, one of the leading causes of renal failure globally are based on inhibition of renin angiotensin system. However, recently, the focus has shifted towards activation of its protective arm rather than the inhibition of deteriorative axis, using specific agonists. Compound 21 (C21), a novel non-peptide Angiotensin II type 2 receptor (AT2) agonist, recently granted orphan drug status for the treatment of a rare disease, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis has also shown a potent anti-inflammatory, anti-fibrotic, antioxidant and anti-apoptotic potential in various diseases including heart failure, myocardial infarction, chronic inflammatory diseases, and neurological diseases such as ischemic stroke...
September 21, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943000/histological-and-immunohistochemical-study-of-cardiac-telocytes-in-a-rat-model-of-isoproterenol-induced-myocardial-infarction-with-a-reference-to-the-effect-of-grape-seed-extract
#20
Mai Salah Nour, Nahla Reda Sarhan, Shireen A Mazroa, Salwa A Gawish
INTRODUCTION: Cardiac telocytes (TCs) represent a unique type of cells that make a supportive network for stem cells that contribute in cardiac renewal, but their role during myocardial infarction (MI) is not clear. Grape seed extract (GSE) is a powerful natural antioxidant. AIM OF THE WORK: Quantitative study of cardiac TCs in a rat model of Isoproterenol (ISO)-induced MI, and to evaluate the effect of GSE on TCs and MI progression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy adult male albino rats were assigned into 4 groups; group I; control rats, group II received GSE (100mg/kg/day) dissolved in distilled water orally, group III received 2 intra-peritoneal injections of 85mg/kg ISO dissolved in saline on 14th and 15th day to induce MI, and group IV received GSE and ISO...
September 21, 2017: Acta Histochemica
keyword
keyword
5271
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"