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Diabetes mellitus complication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214842/inhibition-of-methylglyoxal-induced-ages-rage-expression-contributes-to-dermal-protection-by-n-acetyl-l-cysteine
#1
Chun-Tao Yang, Fu-Hui Meng, Li Chen, Xiang Li, Lai-Jian Cen, Yu-Hua Wen, Cai-Chen Li, Hui Zhang
BACKGROUND/AIM: Accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) is a major cause of diabetes mellitus (DM) skin complications. Methylglyoxal (MGO), a reactive dicarbonyl compound, is a crucial intermediate of AGEs generation. N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC), an active ingredient of some medicines, can induce endogenous GSH and hydrogen sulfide generation, and set off a condensation reaction with MGO. However, there is rare evidence to show NAC can alleviate DM-induced skin injury through inhibition of AGEs generation or toxicity...
13, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214642/short-term-results-of-carotid-endarterectomy-and-stenting-after-the-introduction-of-carotid-magnetic-resonance-imaging-a-single-institutional-retrospective-study
#2
Ryu Fukumitsu, Kazumichi Yoshida, Yoshitaka Kurosaki, Koichi Torihashi, Nobutake Sadamasa, Masaomi Koyanagi, Osamu Narumi, Tsukasa Sato, Masaki Chin, Akira Handa, Sen Yamagata, Susumu Miyamoto
OBJECTIVE: While carotid artery stenting (CAS) has been gaining popularity as an alternative to carotid endarterectomy (CEA), the perioperative stroke rate following contemporary CAS remains significantly higher than that in CEA. The purpose of this study was to assess perioperative (within 30-day) therapeutic results in patients with carotid stenosis (CS) after the introduction of preoperative carotid magnetic resonance plaque evaluation in a single center offering both CEA and CAS. METHODS: Based on prospectively collected data for patients with CS who were scheduled for carotid revascularization, retrospective analysis was conducted of 295 consecutive CS patients...
February 15, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213644/circulating-micrornas-and-diabetes-mellitus-a-novel-tool-for-disease-prediction-diagnosis-and-staging
#3
REVIEW
G Sebastiani, L Nigi, G E Grieco, F Mancarella, G Ventriglia, F Dotta
Diabetes is a complex, multifactorial group of metabolic diseases characterized by chronic hyperglycaemia due to pancreatic beta-cell dysfunction and/or loss. It is characterized by an asymptomatic and highly variable prodromic phase, which renders diabetes mellitus difficult to be predicted with sufficient accuracy. Despite several efforts in the identification and standardization of newly trustable. Biomarkers able to predict and follow-up diabetes and to specifically subtype its different forms, few of them have proven of clinical utility...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211788/hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-complicated-by-clostridium-septicum-bacteremia-and-new-onset-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-report-of-a-case%C3%A2
#4
Anna C Iddings, Asha N Shenoi, Alba Morales Pozzo, Stefan G Kiessling
We report the unusual case of a 5-year-old male hospitalized for management of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and new-onset type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) who developed acute renal injury secondary to hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). He was diagnosed with Shiga toxin-producing entero-hemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) 0157:H7-positive HUS 48 hours after being diagnosed with new-onset T1DM/DKA. His hospital course was complicated by Clostridium septicum sepsis with colonic perforation. This patient's diagnosis of new-onset T1DM just prior to HUS is novel...
February 17, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211084/endothelial-cells-biophysical-biochemical-and-chromosomal-aberrancies-in-high-glucose-condition-within-the-diabetic-range
#5
Aysa Rezabakhsh, Elahe Nabat, Mina Yousefi, Soheila Montazersaheb, Omid Cheraghi, Amir Mehdizadeh, Farzaneh Fathi, Ali Akbar Movassaghpour, Nasrin Maleki-Dizaji, Reza Rahbarghazi, Alireza Garjani
To date, many studies have been conducted to find out the underlying mechanisms of hyperglycemia-induced complications in diabetes mellitus, attributed to the cellular pathologies of different cells-especially endothelial cells. However, there are still many ambiguities and unresolved issues to be clarified. Here, we investigated the alteration in biophysical and biochemical properties in human umbilical vein endothelial cells exposed to a high-glucose concentration (30mM), comparable to glucose content in type 2 diabetes mellitus, over a course of 120 hours...
February 17, 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210868/cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-a-new-emerging-complication-of-type-2-diabetes-the-diabetologist-s-perspective
#6
Rafael Simó, Andreea Ciudin, Olga Simó-Servat, Cristina Hernández
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) are two of the most common diseases of aging around the world. Given the frequency with which T2D and AD occur, the notion that people with T2D may be at increased risk for AD has large societal consequences, and understanding the mechanistic links between these diseases is imperative for the development of effective AD prevention and treatment strategies. Apart from being an accelerator of AD, T2D is associated with a progressive cognitive decline...
February 16, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208845/role-of-altered-venous-blood-lactate-and-hba1c-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#7
C S Nagalakshmi, N U Santhosh, N Krishnamurthy, Chethana Chethan, M K Shilpashree
INTRODUCTION: Being a mirror image of metabolic syndrome, Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is associated with significant maternal and fetal morbidity. Increased blood lactate concentration and alterations of substrate utilization are partly involved in development of insulin resistance in GDM. Fetuses born to such mothers have shown low umbilical vein oxygen saturation and low oxygen content and increased lactate concentrations. These changes may certainly reflect enhanced fetal metabolism as a result of hyperglycaemia and hyperinsulinemia and therefore, these fetuses deserve intense surveillance at term and during delivery...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207612/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-executive-function-performance-in-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#8
Melanie M Broadley, Melanie J White, Brooke Andrew
OBJECTIVE: To examine the current evidence for executive function (EF) performance differences between groups with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and non-diabetic control groups during adolescence and early adulthood, and to explore the relationships between EF and diabetes-related risk factors. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature examining EF performance in groups with T1DM was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines. Electronic database searches for published and unpublished literature yielded a final set of 26 articles after application of inclusion and exclusion criteria...
February 16, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203273/synthesis-and-biological-evaluation-of-the-new-1-3-dimethylxanthine-derivatives-with-thiazolidine-4-one-scaffold
#9
Sandra Constantin, Florentina Geanina Lupascu, Maria Apotrosoaei, Ioana Mirela Vasincu, Dan Lupascu, Frederic Buron, Sylvain Routier, Lenuta Profire
BACKGROUND: The xanthine structure has proved to be an important scaffold in the process of developing a wide variety of biologically active molecules such as bronchodilator, hypoglycemiant, anticancer and anti-inflammatory agents. It is known that hyperglycemia generates reactive oxygen species which are involved in the progression of diabetes mellitus and its complications. Therefore, the development of new compounds with antioxidant activity could be an important therapeutic strategy against this metabolic syndrome...
2017: Chemistry Central Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202871/the-dramatic-recovery-of-a-patient-with-biguanide-associated-severe-lactic-acidosis-following-thiamine-supplementation
#10
Shigeo Godo, Yoshitaro Yoshida, Motoo Fujita, Daisuke Kudo, Ryosuke Nomura, Hiroaki Shimokawa, Shigeki Kushimoto
Biguanides are a drug of choice for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Although they can cause lactic acidosis in susceptible patients with predisposing risk factors, the incidence of lactic acidosis is reported to be very low when they are used properly. We herein present a case of biguanide-associated severe lactic acidosis complicated with thiamine deficiency that was provoked without predisposing factors for thiamine deficiency. Diabetic patients taking biguanide may be predisposed to thiamine deficiency, even when there is no evidence of risk factors, and the high-dose administration of thiamine may be essential in the treatment of this otherwise under-recognized disorder...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202074/exendin-4-in-combination-with-adipose-derived-stem-cells-promotes-angiogenesis-and-improves-diabetic-wound-healing
#11
Eunhui Seo, Jae Soo Lim, Jin-Bum Jun, Woohyuk Choi, In-Sun Hong, Hee-Sook Jun
BACKGROUND: Diminished wound healing is a major complication of diabetes mellitus and can lead to foot ulcers. However, there are limited therapeutic methods to treat this condition. Exendin-4 (Ex-4), a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist, is known to have many beneficial effects on diabetes. In addition, mesenchymal stem cells are known to have wound healing effects. We investigated the effects of Ex-4 in combination with human adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) on diabetic wound healing in a diabetic animal model...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193577/tissue-plasminogen-activator-t-pa-and-plasminogen-activator-inhibitor-type-1-pai-1-in-diabetic-foot-syndrome
#12
Arleta Kulwas, Beata Lisewska, Wiesław Jundziłł, Barbara Ruszkowska, Wanda Drewniak, Zofia Ruprecht, Grażyna Gadomska, Danuta Rość
PURPOSE: The aim was to evaluate tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) concentration using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay method (ELISA) in diabetic foot syndrome (DFS) as compared to a group of healthy people and patients with diabetes mellitus without symptomatic vascular complications (DM2T). MATERIAL/METHODS: Venous blood samples were collected from 90 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (30 - DM2T; 60 - DFS)...
February 10, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193098/nanoparticle-formulation-increases-syzygium-cumini-antioxidant-activity-in-candida-albicans-infected-diabetic-rats
#13
Paula E R Bitencourt, Lariane O Cargnelutti, Carolina S Stein, Raquel Lautenchleger, Luana M Ferreira, Manuela Sangoi, Laura Denardi, Raphaela M Borges, Aline Boligon, Rafael N Moresco, Letícia Cruz, Régis A Zanette, Sydney H Alves, Maria Beatriz Moretto
CONTEXT: Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels (Myrtaceae) is a medicinal plant widely used in folk medicine for the treatment of diabetes mellitus (DM). However, studies on the use of this plant and of nanoparticle formulations against DM-related fungal infections are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of the treatments with aqueous seed extract of S. cumini (ASc) and ASc-loaded polymeric nanoparticles (NPASc) on biochemical parameters in Candida albicans-infected diabetic rats...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192136/inhibition-of-glycation-and-aldose-reductase-activity-using-dietary-flavonoids-a-lens-organ-culture-studies
#14
Kapil K Patil, Rajesh N Gacche
On the eve of increasing incidence of diabetes mellitus and related complications, the search for novel, safe and alternatives therapeutic approaches are evolving. In the present investigation, a panel of ten dietary flavonoids such as 4'-methoxyflavanone, formononetin, hesperetin, hesperidin, naringenin, naringin, rutin, diadzin, silibinin and silymarin was evaluated as possible inhibitors of sugar induced cataractogenesis using bovine lens organ culture studies. The effect of selected flavonoids was observed on glycation induced lens opacity, AGE fluorescence, carbonyl group formation (a biomarker of glycation), protein aggregation and aldose reductase (AR) inhibition...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192107/gastrointestinal-complications-of-obesity
#15
Michael Camilleri, Harmeet Malhi, Andres Acosta
Obesity is usually associated with morbidity related to diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases. However, there are many gastrointestinal and hepatic diseases for which obesity is the direct cause [e.g. non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD)] or is a significant risk factor, such as reflux esophagitis and gallstones. When obesity is a risk factor, it may interact with other mechanisms and result in earlier presentation or complicated diseases. There are increased odds ratios or relative risks of several gastrointestinal complications of obesity: gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), erosive esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus, esophageal adenocarcinoma, erosive gastritis, gastric cancer, diarrhea, colonic diverticular disease, polyps, cancer, liver disease including NAFLD, cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, gallstones, acute pancreatitis, and pancreatic cancer...
February 9, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191524/renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system-in-insulin-resistance-and-metabolic-syndrome
#16
Undurti N Das
Obesity and its consequent complications such as hypertension and metabolic syndrome are increasing in incidence in almost all countries. Insulin resistance is common in obesity. Renin- angiotensin system (RAS) is an important target in the treatment of hypertension and drugs that act on RAS improve insulin resistance and decrease the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus, explaining the close association between hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus. RAS influences food intake by modulating the hypothalamic expression of neuropeptide Y and orexins via AMPK dephosphorylation...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191333/effects-of-fish-oil-supplementation-on-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-gdm-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Alireza Ostadrahimi, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh, Mozhgan Mirgafourvand, Sina Yaghoubi, Elham Shahrisa, Azizeh Farshbaf-Khalili
CONTEXT: One of the most common complications of pregnancy is gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), which is increasing worldwide. Experimental and epidemiological studies have shown that higher intake of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids may decrease the risk of various diseases such as diabetes. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of fish oil supplementation on the prevention and treatment of GDM. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: This systematic review was performed by searching several databases, including PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, the Cochrane Library, ProQuest, Science Direct SID, Magiran and IranMedex since 1983...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191315/emergency-surgery-for-lung-cancer-with-abscess-formation-after-transbronchial-biopsy
#18
Yusuke Takanashi, Koichi Miyashita, Shogo Tajima, Takamitsu Hayakawa, Hiroshi Neyatani, Kazuhito Funai
Abscess formation in lung cancer after transbronchial biopsy (TBB) is a rare complication with no standard consensus on a coping strategy or prophylaxis. We describe an instructive case of lung cancer which developed into an abscess after TBB. An 80-year-old man with poorly controlled diabetes mellitus underwent TBB for diagnosing a mass lesion in the left upper lobe. The TBB specimen confirmed a diagnosis of lung cancer, and he was scheduled for radical surgery. However, the tumour was revealed to have progressed into an enlarged abscess 24 days after TBB...
March 2017: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188572/gastroparesis-post-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-in-diabetic-patients
#19
Abdulrahman Saleh Al-Mulhim
Impairment of gastric emptying is well recognized in patients with diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to investigate the influencing factors for gastroparesis syndrome development after laparoscopic cholecystectomy in diabetic patients. This is a case-control study. Clinical data were collected retrospectively for 462 diabetic patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy from 2008 to 2013. We retrospectively analyzed the incidence of gastroparesis syndrome, clinical features, course of disease, and risk factors...
February 10, 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188405/success-rates-of-2-site-phacoemulsification-combined-with-fornix-based-trabeculectomy-using-mitomycin-c-for-primary-angle-closure-glaucoma-and-primary-open-angle-glaucoma-in-an-asian-population
#20
Victor Koh, David Chen, Cecilia Maria Aquino, Joel Aduan, Chelvin Sng, Loon Seng Chee, Paul Chew
PURPOSE: To determine the long-term outcomes of 2-site phacoemulsification combined with fornix-based trabeculectomy using mitomycin C (MMC) for primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) and primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) in an Asian population. METHODS: We reviewed the records of all patients with POAG or PACG who underwent phacoemulsification with trabeculectomy using MMC from January 2008 through December 2010 in a tertiary ophthalmology unit in Singapore. The primary outcome measure was cumulative success rates defined as complete [intraocular pressure (IOP) <21, 18, 15 mmHg without medication] and qualified (IOP <21, 18, 15 mmHg with at least 1 medication) success...
February 10, 2017: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
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