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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749608/prone-position-ventilation-ppv-support-for-acute-exacerbation-of-interstitial-lung-disease-ild
#1
Yuanda Xu, Qingwen Sun, Yuheng Yu, Weibo Liang, Xuesong Liu, Chun Yang, Yonghao Xu, Lingbo Nong, Sibei Chen, Weiqun He, Xiaoqing Liu, Yimin Li, Nanshan Zhong
INTRODUCTION: Prone position ventilation (PPV) has been shown to improve oxygenation and decrease pulmonary vascular resistance and mortality in patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Whether these benefits of PPV occur similarly in acute exacerbations of interstitial lung disease (ILD) is not clear. We retrospectively explored the use of PPV in acute exacerbation with ILD versus those with severe ARDS. METHODS: Retrospective study of the application of PPV in 17 patients with acute exacerbations of ILD and in 19 patients with severe ARDS...
July 27, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749191/disease-related-autoantibody-profile-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis
#2
Christos Liaskos, Emmanouela Marou, Theodora Simopoulou, Maria Barmakoudi, Georgios Efthymiou, Thomas Scheper, Wolfgang Meyer, Dimitrios P Bogdanos, Lazaros I Sakkas
BACKGROUND: Autoantibodies (autoAbs) help in diagnosis and predicting clinical phenotypes in systemic sclerosis (SSc). AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine the clinical utility of 13 SSc-related autoAbs in SSc patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 131 consecutive patients with SSc (111 female, mean age 58.1 ± 14 years; 49 with diffused cutaneous SSc [dcSSc] and 82 with limited cutaneous SSc [lcSSc]) were analysed by a multiplex line immunoassay (Euroimmun) for autoantibodies (autoAbs) against 13 SSc-related antigens...
July 27, 2017: Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749127/fuzzy-c-means-clustering-based-segmentation-and-cnn-classification-for-accurate-segmentation-of-lung-nodules
#3
Jalal Deen K, Ganesan R, Merline A
Objective: Accurate segmentation of abnormal and healthy lungs is very crucial for a steadfast computer-aided disease diagnostics. Methods: For this purpose a stack of chest CT scans are processed. In this paper, novel methods are proposed for segmentation of the multimodal grayscale lung CT scan. In the conventional methods using Markov–Gibbs Random Field (MGRF) model the required regions of interest (ROI) are identified. Result: The results of proposed FCM and CNN based process are compared with the results obtained from the conventional method using MGRF model...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748893/complication-rate-and-diagnostic-yield-of-percutaneous-native-kidney-biopsies-a-10-year-experience-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-pakistan
#4
Sonia Yaqub, Nayla Ahmed, Urooj Fatima, Ayesha Maqbool, Waqar Ashif, Syed A Hussain
The use of an automated biopsy device, and real-time ultrasound for percutaneous kidney biopsies (PKBs) has improved the likelihood of obtaining adequate tissue for diagnosis and also has reduced the complications associated with the procedure. We aimed to determine the frequency and type of complications associated with PKB and to determine the diagnostic yield. It was a retrospective file-based review of cases who underwent PKB of native kidney between January 2003 and December 2013 at the Aga Khan University Hospital in Karachi, Pakistan...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748886/clinical-and-histological-correlation-of-diabetic-nephropathy
#5
Tameem Afroz, Radha Sagar, Sandeep Reddy, Sridhar Gandhe, K G Rajaram
Renal failure in diabetes is a common cause of renal replacement therapy. The affected kidney goes through various changes in all compartments progressively. The classification of diabetic nephropathy is based on glomerular lesions and displays a heterogeneous morphology. Abnormalities in tubulointerstitial and vascular compartments are important in assessing the outcome of these patients. We applied the new pathologic classification of diabetic nephropathy by Tervaert et al to classify the renal damage in diabetes...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748619/corrigendum-the-interstitial-carbon-of-the-nitrogenase-femo-cofactor-is-far-better-stabilized-than-previously-assumed
#6
Jörg Grunenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748582/extravasal-albumin-concentration-modulates-contractile-responses-of-renal-afferent-arterioles
#7
Xiang Gao, Zhi Zhao Liu, Hayar Mohammed, Zhengbing Zhuge, Ming Liu, En Yin Lai, Leif Jansson, Mattias Carlström, Andreas Patzak, A Erik G Persson
AIM: Afferent arterioles (AA) hold a key position in the regulation of renal blood flow and glomerular filtration rate. Being the effector site of tubuloglomerular feedback the afferent arteriole contributes to the renal handling of sodium and fluid. Dehydration goes along with increased renal interstitial protein concentration. Here, the hypothesis was tested that extravasal protein concentration directly modulates afferent arteriolar tone; a mechanism which may contribute to body fluid volume control...
July 27, 2017: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748423/impact-of-interstitial-lung-disease-on-mortality-of-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#8
Dam Kim, Soo-Kyung Cho, Chan-Bum Choi, Jung-Yoon Choe, Won Tae Chung, Seung-Jae Hong, Jae-Bum Jun, Young Ok Jung, Tae-Hwan Kim, Tae-Jong Kim, Hye-Soon Lee, Joo-Hyun Lee, Jisoo Lee, Shin-Seok Lee, Dae-Hyun Yoo, Bo Young Yoon, Jin Woo Song, Sang-Cheol Bae, Yoon-Kyoung Sung
To identify the prevalence of interstitial lung disease (ILD) in Korean patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and assess its effect on mortality. A total of 3555 patients with RA, with chest X-ray or chest computed tomography (CT) data at enrollment were extracted from the KORean Observational study Network for Arthritis cohort, a nationwide prospective cohort for patients with RA in Korea. The patients were classified into two groups: (1) an ILD group by chest X-ray or chest CT scan, and (2) a non-ILD group by these modalities...
July 26, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748093/pathological-features-of-explant-lungs-with-fibrosis-in-autoimmune-pulmonary-alveolar-proteinosis
#9
Manabu Ono, Ryoko Saito, Junya Tominaga, Yoshinori Okada, Shinya Ohkouchi, Tamiko Takemura
Association of fibrosis with autoimmune pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (aPAP) is rare. However, prognoses of such cases are poor and the process of the formation of fibrosis is still unknown. In this study, we report a case of aPAP with progressive fibrosis occurring in a 46-year-old woman. She had undergone several repetitions of whole lung lavage (WLL) for 7 years and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) inhalation for 3 months; however, the progression of fibrosis was not hindered...
September 2017: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748022/-primary-congenital-lymphedema-milroy-disease-the-first-case-observed-in-the-department-of-pediatrics-at-the-university-hospital-yalgado-ouedraogo-ouagadougou
#10
Chantal Zoungrana Ouattara, Angèle Kalmogho, Caroline Yonaba, Chantal Gabrielle Bouda, Ghislaine Yaméogo, Ludovic Kam
Congenital lymphedema is the accumulation of lymphatic fluid in the child's interstitial spaces. Milroy disease is a rare, hereditary, autosomal dominant condition showing incomplete penetrance. We report the case of a 7-year old little girl with Milroy disease examined for erysipelas on congenital big right leg. A family history of large congenital member existed. Physical examination showed big oedematous right leg painful to palpation, with skin lichenification and erysipelas. Paraclinical assessment objectified cutaneous lymphedema with vascular involvement suggestive of ectasia of the right saphenous vein...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747976/immunohistochemical-localization-of-glucose-transporter-1-and-3-in-the-scrotal-and-abdominal-testes-of-a-dog
#11
Kyu Ri Hahn, Hyo Young Jung, Dae Young Yoo, Jong Whi Kim, Yang Hee Kim, Young Kwang Jo, Geon A Kim, Jin Young Chung, Jung Hoon Choi, In Koo Hwang, Goo Jang, Yeo Sung Yoon
Glucose is essential for testicular function; the uptake of carbohydrate-derived glucose by cells is mediated by glucose transporters (GLUTs). In the present study, we investigated the activity of GLUT1 and GLUT3, the two main isoforms of GLUTs found in testes, in the left scrotal and right abdominal testes of a German Shepherd dog. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that GLUT1 immunoreactivity was absent in the scrotal and abdominal testes. In contrast, weak to moderate GLUT3 immunoreactivity was observed in mature spermatocytes as well as spermatids in the scrotal testis...
June 2017: Laboratory Animal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747740/effects-of-ni-doping-on-various-properties-of-nbh-phases-a-first-principles-investigation
#12
Yang Wu, Zhongmin Wang, Dianhui Wang, Zhenzhen Wan, Yan Zhong, Chaohao Hu, Huaiying Zhou
Changes in the stability, hydrogen diffusion, and mechanical properties of the NbH phases from Ni-doping was studied by using first-principles methods. The calculation results reveal that the single H atom adsorption is energetically favorable at the tetrahedral interstitial site (TIS) and octahedral interstitial site (OIS). The preferred path of H diffusion is TIS-to-TIS, followed by TIS-to-OIS in both Nb16H and Nb15NiH. Ni-doping in the Nb15NiH alloy lowers the energy barrier of H diffusion, enhances the H-diffusion coefficient (D) and mechanical properties of the Nb16H phase...
July 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747607/safety-and-effectiveness-of-certolizumab-pegol-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-interim-analysis-of-post-marketing-surveillance
#13
Hideto Kameda, Keiichiro Nishida, Toshihiro Nannki, Akira Watanabe, Yukiya Oshima, Shigaki Momohara
  Objective: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of certolizumab pegol (CZP) in a real-world setting among Japanese patients with rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: Post-marketing surveillance data from 2,579 patients treated with CZP were analyzed. Adverse events (AEs) observed during the 24-week CZP treatment period were recorded. Disease activity was evaluated using DAS28-ESR and DAS28-CRP at baseline, Week 12, Week 24, or at withdrawal. RESULTS: The total period of exposure to CZP was 1313...
2017: Nihon Rinshō Men'eki Gakkai Kaishi, Japanese Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747599/interstitial-pneumonia-with-autoimmune-features
#14
Osamu Nishiyama, Yuji Tohda
  Some patients with idiopathic interstitial pneumonias (IIPs) have clinical features that suggest autoimmune process but not fulfill established criteria for connective tissue disease (CTD). Different terms and criteria have been proposed to describe these patients, which includes undifferentiated connective tissue disease (UCTD), lung dominant connective tissue disease (LD-CTD), and autoimmune-featured interstitial lung disease (AIF-ILD). To marshal these ununiform classification criteria, the "European Respiratory Society/American Thoracic Society Task Force on Undifferentiated Forms of Connective Tissue Disease-associated Interstitial Lung Disease" proposed a consensus regarding the nomenclature and classification criteria for patients with IIP and features of autoimmunity with the term "interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features" (IPAF)...
2017: Nihon Rinshō Men'eki Gakkai Kaishi, Japanese Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746532/effects-of-emissions-from-sugar-cane-burning-on-the-trachea-and-lungs-of-wistar-rats
#15
Verena Sampaio Barbosa Matos, Felipe da Silva Gomes, Tarcio Macena Oliveira, Renata da Silva Schulz, Lídia Cristina Villela Ribeiro, Astria Dias Ferrão Gonzales, Januário Mourão Lima, Marcos Lázaro da Silva Guerreiro
Objective: To evaluate the effects of exposure to emissions from sugar cane burning on inflammatory mechanisms in tissues of the trachea and lung parenchyma in Wistar rats after different periods of exposure. Methods: This was an experimental open randomized study. The animals were divided into four groups: a control group (CG) underwent standard laboratory conditions, and three experimental groups were exposed to emissions from sugar cane burning over different periods of time, in days-1 (EG1), 7 (EG7), and 21 (EG21)...
May 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746448/fatal-toxoplasmosis-in-an-immunosuppressed-domestic-cat-from-brazil-caused-by-toxoplasma-gondii-clonal-type-i
#16
Hilda Fátima de Jesus Pena, Camila Mariellen Evangelista, Renata Assis Casagrande, Giovana Biezus, Claudia Salete Wisser, Paulo Eduardo Ferian, Anderson Barbosa de Moura, Veronica Machado Rolim, David Driemeier, Solange Oliveira, Bruna Farias Alves, Solange Maria Gennari, Sandra Davi Traverso
The objective of the study was to report on a fatal case of feline toxoplasmosis with coinfection with the feline leukemia virus (FeLV). A domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus) presented intense dyspnea and died three days later. In the necropsy, the lungs were firm, without collapse and with many white areas; moderate lymphadenomegaly and splenomegaly were also observed. The histopathological examination showed severe necrotic interstitial bronchopneumonia and mild necrotic hepatitis, associated with intralesional cysts and tachyzoites of Toxoplasma gondii that were positive by anti-T...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744088/igg4-related-disease-simulating-paraneoplastic-syndrome-role-of-18-fdg-pet-ct-imaging
#17
Madhuri S Mahajan, Sudeshna Maitra, Natasha Singh, Melvika Pereira
Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related systemic disease (IgG4-RSD) is a new systemic entity associated with autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP). Other organ involvements take the form of sclerosing cholangitis, sclerosing cholecystitis, sclerosing sialadenitis, retroperitoneal fibrosis, and interstitial nephritis. Recently, lung diseases related to IgG4 have been described to occur with or without other organ involvement. These diseases include interstitial lung disease (ILD), pulmonary inflammatory pseudotumor, and lymphomatoid granulomatosis...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743612/clinical-outcomes-after-interstitial-brachytherapy-for-early-stage-nasal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#18
Warren Bacorro, Alexandre Escande, Stéphane Temam, Isabelle Dumas, Emilie Routier, Marie-Catherine Gensse, Pierre Blanchard, François Janot, Christine Mateus, Yungan Tao, Caroline Robert, Eric Deutsch, Christine Haie-Meder, Cyrus Chargari
PURPOSE: Radiotherapy of nasal carcinomas results in cure rates comparable to surgery, with anatomic preservation and good cosmesis. Brachytherapy (BT) overcomes difficulties with dosimetric coverage and affords a localized and highly conformal irradiation. We report our experience of BT for early-stage nasal squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Clinical data, BT parameters, and outcome of consecutive patients treated by interstitial BT in our institute between December 1982 and April 2015 for a localized nasal SCC were examined...
July 22, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743279/childhood-interstitial-lung-diseases-in-immunocompetent-children-in-australia-and-new-zealand-a-decade-s-experience
#19
Vishal Saddi, Sean Beggs, Bruce Bennetts, Joanne Harrison, Neil Hime, Nitin Kapur, Jill Lipsett, Lawrence M Nogee, Amy Phu, Sadasivam Suresh, André Schultz, Hiran Selvadurai, Stephanie Sherrard, Roxanne Strachan, Julian Vyas, Yvonne Zurynski, Adam Jaffé
BACKGROUND: Childhood interstitial lung disease (chILD) represents a rare heterogeneous group of respiratory disorders. In the absence of randomized controlled clinical trials, global collaborations have utilized case series with an aim to standardising approaches to diagnosis and management. Australasian data are lacking. The aim of this study was to calculate prevalence and report the experience of chILD in Australasia over a decade. METHODS: Paediatric pulmonologists in Australia and New Zealand involved in the care of patients aged 0-18 years with chILD completed a questionnaire on demographics, clinical features and outcomes, over a 10 year period...
July 25, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743127/a-rare-presentation-of-immunoglobulin-a-nephropathy-acute-kidney-injury
#20
Meric Oruc, Haydar Durak, Serkan Feyyaz Yalin, Nurhan Seyahi, Mehmet Rıza Altıparmak, Sinan Trabulus
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is known as an uncommon presentation in immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN). The aim of our study was to analyze the clinical data and biopsy findings in IgAN patients presenting with AKI. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of all subjects who had biopsy-proven IgAN and presented with AKI during June 2002 September 2015. The following data were obtained from medical records. RESULTS: A total of 15 patients of 123 patients (12...
July 26, 2017: Nephron
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