keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Exercise

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431408/the-effects-of-exercise-modality-during-additional-high-intensity-interval-training-upon-aerobic-fitness-and-strength-in-powerlifting-and-strongman-athletes
#1
Patroklos Androulakis-Korakakis, Louis Langdown, Adam Lewis, James Fisher, Paulo Gentil, Antonio Paoli, James Steele
Powerlifters and strongman athletes have a necessity for optimal levels of muscular strength whilst maintaining sufficient aerobic capacity to perform and recover between events. HIIT has been popularized for its efficacy in improving both aerobic fitness and strength but never assessed within the aforementioned population group. The present study looked to compare the effect of exercise modality, e.g. a traditional aerobic mode (AM), and strength mode, (SM), during HIIT upon aerobic fitness and strength. Sixteen well resistance trained male participants, currently competing in powerlifting and strongman events, completed 8 weeks of approximately effort- and volume-matched HIIT in 2 groups: AM (cycling, n=8) and SM (resistance training, n=8)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431174/opportunities-for-exercise-during-pullet-rearing-part-ii-long-term-effects-on-bone-characteristics-of-adult-laying-hens-at-the-end-of-lay
#2
T M Casey-Trott, D R Korver, M T Guerin, V Sandilands, S Torrey, T M Widowski
Osteoporosis in laying hens has been a production and welfare concern for several decades. The objective of this study was to determine whether differing opportunities for exercise during pullet rearing influences long-term bone quality characteristics in end-of-lay hens. A secondary objective was to assess whether differing opportunities for exercise in adult housing systems alters bone quality characteristics in end-of-lay hens. Four flock replicates of 588 Lohmann Selected Leghorn-Lite pullets were reared in either conventional cages (Conv) or an aviary rearing system (Avi) and placed into conventional cages (CC), 30-bird furnished cages (FC-S), or 60-bird furnished cages (FC-L) for adult housing...
April 18, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431117/seeking-certainty-judicial-approaches-to-the-non-treatment-of-minimally-conscious-patients
#3
Richard Huxtable, Giles Birchley
A modest, but growing, body of case law is developing around the (non-)treatment of patients in the minimally conscious state. We sought to explore the approaches that the courts take to these decisions. Using the results of a qualitative analysis, we identify five key features of the rulings to date. First, the judges appear keen to frame the cases in such a way that these are rightly matters for judicial determination. Secondly, the judges appraise the types and forms of expertise that enter the courtroom, seeming to prefer the 'objective' and 'scientific', and particularly the views of the doctors...
April 18, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431068/self-reported-physical-activity-and-major-adverse-events-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-a-report-from-the-eurobservational-research-programme-pilot-survey-on-atrial-fibrillation-eorp-af-general-registry
#4
Marco Proietti, Giuseppe Boriani, Cécile Laroche, Igor Diemberger, Mircea I Popescu, Lars H Rasmussen, Gianfranco Sinagra, Gheorghe-Andrei Dan, Aldo P Maggioni, Luigi Tavazzi, Deirdre A Lane, Gregory Y H Lip
Aims: Physical activity is protective against cardiovascular (CV) events, both in general population and in high-risk CV cohorts. However, the relationship between physical activity with major adverse outcomes in atrial fibrillation (AF) is not well-established. Our aim was to analyse this relationship in a 'real-world' AF population. Second, we investigated the influence of physical activity on arrhythmia progression. Methods and Results: We studied all patients enrolled in the EURObservational Research Programme on AF (EORP-AF) Pilot Survey...
April 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431057/quantitative-analysis-of-pkp2-and-neighbouring-genes-in-a-patient-with-arrhythmogenic-right-ventricular-cardiomyopathy-caused-by-heterozygous-pkp2-deletion
#5
Keiko Sonoda, Seiko Ohno, Sou Otuki, Koichi Kato, Nobue Yagihara, Hiroshi Watanabe, Takeru Makiyama, Tohru Minamino, Minoru Horie
Aims: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a disease mainly caused by desmosome gene mutations. The genetic culprit, however, remains elusive in ∼50% of ARVC patients. One of the reasons for missing genetic abnormalities is the difficulty in detecting large deletions/duplications, which are called as copy number variation (CNV) by the Sanger sequencing method. This study aimed to identify CNVs in PKP2 and a part of other desmosome genes in ARVC patients. Methods and Results: The study cohort consisted of 71 ARVC probands who were diagnosed as definite or borderline cases based on 2010 Task Force Criteria...
April 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430979/effect-of-physical-exercise-and-acute-escitalopram-on-the-excitability-of-brain-monoamine-neurons-in-vivo-electrophysiological-study-in-rats
#6
Eliyahu Dremencov, Kristína Csatlósová, Barbora Durišová, Lucia Lapínová, Lubica Lacinová, Daniela Ježová
Background: The antidepressant effect of physical exercise has been reported in several clinical and animal studies. Since serotonin (5-HT), norepinephrine and dopamine play a central role in depression, it is possible that the beneficial effects of physical exercise are mediated via monoamine pathways. This study investigates the effects of voluntary wheel running (VWR) on the excitability of monoamine neurons. Material and methods: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were used in the study...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430967/associations-of-unhappiness-with-sociodemographic-factors-and-unhealthy-behaviours-in-chinese-adolescents
#7
Jianjiu Chen, Sai Yin Ho, Lok Tung Leung, Man Ping Wang, Tai Hing Lam
Evidence on the effects of lack of physical exercise, alcohol drinking and smoking on happiness is limited and inconsistent. We examined the associations of unhappiness with sociodemographic factors and these unhealthy behaviours in Chinese adolescents. In a school-based survey in 2012-13 in Hong Kong, 45 857 secondary school students (mean age 14.8 years, 54.0% boys) reported their happiness level (not happy at all/not very happy/happy/very happy), frequency of physical exercise, alcohol drinking status, smoking status and sociodemographic factors...
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430930/alcohol-consumption-and-binge-drinking-in-young-men-as-predictors-of-body-composition-changes-during-military-service
#8
Maria P Hagnäs, Jari Jokelainen, Henna Cederberg-Tamminen, Solja Niemelä, Ilona Mikkola, Pirjo Härkönen, Ulla Rajala, Sirkka Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi
Aims: To evaluate the influences of alcohol consumption frequency and binge drinking on changes in the body composition, lifestyle habits and physical fitness of healthy young men during military service. Methods: A population-based study of men performing their military service in the Sodankylä Jaeger Brigade, Finland in 2005. Body composition, fitness and lifestyle habits were evaluated at baseline and 6-12 months follow-up. Alcohol consumption frequency and binge drinking were categorized as: 'not at all', 'at least once a month' and 'at least once a week'...
May 1, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430550/round-table-on-malignant-hyperthermia-in-physically-active-populations-meeting-proceedings
#9
Yuri Hosokawa, Douglas J Casa, Henry Rosenberg, John F Capacchione, Emmanuel Sagui, Sheila Riazi, Luke N Belval, Patricia A Deuster, John F Jardine, Stavros A Kavouras, Elaine C Lee, Kevin C Miller, Sheila M Muldoon, Francis G O'Connor, Scott R Sailor, Nyamkhishig Sambuughin, Rebecca L Stearns, William M Adams, Robert A Huggins, Lesley W Vandermark
CONTEXT:   Recent case reports on malignant hyperthermia (MH)-like syndrome in physically active populations indicate potential associations among MH, exertional heat stroke (EHS), and exertional rhabdomyolysis (ER). However, an expert consensus for clinicians working with these populations is lacking. OBJECTIVE:   To provide current expert consensus on the (1) definition of MH; (2) history, etiology, and pathophysiology of MH; (3) epidemiology of MH; (4) association of MH with EHS and ER; (5) identification of an MH-like syndrome; (6) recommendations for acute management of an MH-like syndrome; (7) special considerations for physically active populations; and (8) future directions for research...
April 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430140/-eat-as-if-you-could-save-the-planet-and-win-sustainability-integration-into-nutrition-for-exercise-and-sport
#10
Nanna Meyer, Alba Reguant-Closa
Today's industrial food production contributes significantly to environmental degradation. Meat production accounts for the largest impact, including greenhouse gas emissions, land and water use. While food production and consumption are important aspects when addressing climate change, this article focuses predominantly on dietary change that promotes both health for planet and people with focus on athletes. Healthy, sustainable eating recommendations begin to appear in various governmental guidelines. However, there remains resistance to the suggested reductions in meat consumption...
April 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430009/evaluating-questionnaires-used-to-assess-self-reported-physical-activity-and-psychosocial-outcomes-among-survivors-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-a-cognitive-interview-study
#11
Amanda Wurz, Jennifer Brunet
Physical activity is increasingly being studied as a way to improve psychosocial outcomes (e.g., quality of life, self-efficacy, physical self-perceptions, self-esteem, body image, posttraumatic growth) among survivors of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer. Assessing levels of and associations between self-reported physical activity and psychosocial outcomes requires clear, appropriate, and relevant questionnaires. To explore how survivors of AYA cancer interpreted and responded to the following eight published questionnaires: Leisure Time Exercise Questionnaire, Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale, Physical Self-Description Questionnaire, Rosenberg Global Self-Esteem Scale, Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire, Posttraumatic Growth Inventory, Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General (FACT-G), RAND 36-Item Health Survey 1...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429998/the-efficacy-of-a-pre-workout-vegan-supplement-on-high-intensity-cycling-performance-in-healthy-college-aged-males
#12
Gabrielle Gallien, David Bellar, Greggory R Davis
There is a limited supply of sport nutrition supplements currently available for vegan or vegetarian athletes. In addition, the efficacy of a vegan or vegetarian pre-workout supplement that does not contain any processed ingredients or stimulants is currently unknown. The purpose of the current study was to examine the effects of an unprocessed vegan pre-workout supplement on high-intensity cycling performance. Participants completed three separate cycling trials following the consumption of a vegan pre-workout supplement, an isocaloric processed supplement, or a zero-calorie placebo supplement...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429967/knee-arthroscopic-surgery-in-middle-aged-patients-with-meniscal-symptoms-a-3-year-follow-up-of-a-prospective-randomized-study
#13
Håkan Gauffin, Sofi Sonesson, Andreas Meunier, Henrik Magnusson, Joanna Kvist
BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment for middle-aged patients with knee pain and meniscal lesions has been extensively debated. Most previous studies have revealed only short-term beneficial results of knee arthroscopic surgery. The authors have previously shown a positive benefit of knee arthroscopic surgery and an exercise program after 1 year when compared with an exercise program alone. PURPOSE: To evaluate if knee arthroscopic surgery combined with an exercise program provided an additional long-term benefit after 3 years compared with an exercise program alone in middle-aged patients with meniscal symptoms...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429924/dietary-choice-and-health-behaviors-in-eastern-chinese-women-a-descriptive-population-based-survey-and-review-of-public-health-data
#14
Feng Wang, Fei Wang, Lixiang Yu, Zhigang Yu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Urbanization in China has increased the prevalence of high-fat and low-fiber diets, and of adverse health behaviors associated with an increased risk of diet-related, non-communicable diseases (DR-NCDs) in eastern Chinese women. This study aimed to characterize the dietary intake and health behaviors in eastern Chinese women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective data of 122,058 women aged 25 to 70 who completed a multi-staged, stratified, cluster sampling epidemiological survey in eastern China in 2008, including self-report of diet and lifestyle information (sleep, physical activity, work, etc...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429777/interleukin-6-increases-the-expression-and-activity-of-insulin-degrading-enzyme
#15
Mirian A Kurauti, José M Costa-Júnior, Sandra M Ferreira, Gustavo J Santos, Carlos H G Sponton, Everardo M Carneiro, Guilherme D Telles, Mara P T Chacon-Mikahil, Cláudia R Cavaglieri, Luiz F Rezende, Antonio C Boschero
Impairment of the insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE) is associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Here, we used 4-mo-old male C57BL/6 interleukin-6 (IL-6) knockout mice (KO) to investigate the role of this cytokine on IDE expression and activity. IL-6 KO mice displayed lower insulin clearance in the liver and skeletal muscle, compared with wild type (WT), due to reduced IDE expression and activity. We also observed that after 3-h incubation, IL-6, 50 and 100 ng ml(-1), increased the expression of IDE in HEPG2 and C2C12 cells, respectively...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429698/coronary-microvascular-dysfunction-equivalent-to-left-main-coronary-artery-disease
#16
Cafer Panç, Mehmet Kocaağa, Onur Erdoğan, Remzi Sarıkaya, Sabahattin Umman
Coronary microvascular dysfunction, also known as cardiac syndrome X, is a clinical syndrome presenting with typical angina and evidence of myocardial ischemia in the absence of flow-limiting stenosis on coronary angiography. Of patients undergoing coronary angiography due to suspected myocardial ischemia, 50% are found to have normal or near-normal coronary arteries. Described in this case report is a patient who developed hypotension and ST segment depressions during treadmill exercise test. Left main coronary artery or multivessel disease was suspected...
April 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429690/-our-experience-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-postural-orthostatic-tachycardia-syndrome-vasovagal-syncope-and-inappropriate-sinus-tachycardia-in-children
#17
Sezen Ugan Atik, Reyhan Dedeoğlu, Aida Koka, Funda Öztunç
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to share our experience in the diagnosis and treatment of patients who presented at our clinic with syncope, pre-syncope, dizziness, and palpitations. STUDY DESIGN: Patients who were treated at pediatric cardiology clinic for complaints of syncope, dizziness, and palpitations between 2014 and 2016 were enrolled in the study. Detailed history of the patients, physical examination findings, laboratory and electrocardiogram results were recorded...
April 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429555/management-of-mineral-and-bone-disorders-in-renal-transplant-recipients
#18
Matthew J Damasiewicz, Peter R Ebeling
The management of post-transplantation bone disease is a complex problem that remains under-appreciated in clinical practice. In these patients, pre-existing metabolic bone disorder is further impacted by the use of immunosuppressive medications (glucocorticoids and calcineurin-inhibitors), variable post-transplantation renal allograft function and post-transplantation diabetes mellitus. The treatment of post-transplantation bone loss should begin pre-transplantation. All patients active on transplant waiting lists should be screened for bone disease...
March 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429194/photobiomodulation-therapy-associated-with-treadmill-training-in-the-oxidative-stress-in-a-collagen-induced-arthritis-model
#19
Solange Almeida Dos Santos, Marcia Ataize Dos Santos Vieira, Maira Cécilia Brandão Simões, Andrey Jorge Serra, Ernesto Cesar Leal-Junior, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by chronic and systemic inflammation, which leads to the destruction of the cartilage and bone and affects tissues in multiple joints. Oxidative stress has been implicated with regards to involvement in various disease conditions, such as diabetes mellitus and neurodegenerative, respiratory, cardiovascular, and RA diseases. In vivo experimental studies using photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) have shown positive effects in reducing lipid peroxidation and in increasing antioxidant activity...
April 21, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429142/national-clinical-guidelines-for-non-surgical-treatment-of-patients-with-recent-onset-low-back-pain-or-lumbar-radiculopathy
#20
REVIEW
Mette Jensen Stochkendahl, Per Kjaer, Jan Hartvigsen, Alice Kongsted, Jens Aaboe, Margrethe Andersen, Mikkel Ø Andersen, Gilles Fournier, Betina Højgaard, Martin Bach Jensen, Lone Donbæk Jensen, Ture Karbo, Lilli Kirkeskov, Martin Melbye, Lone Morsel-Carlsen, Jan Nordsteen, Thorvaldur Skuli Palsson, Zoreh Rasti, Peter Frost Silbye, Morten Zebitz Steiness, Simon Tarp, Morten Vaagholt
PURPOSE: To summarise recommendations about 20 non-surgical interventions for recent onset (<12 weeks) non-specific low back pain (LBP) and lumbar radiculopathy (LR) based on two guidelines from the Danish Health Authority. METHODS: Two multidisciplinary working groups formulated recommendations based on the GRADE approach. RESULTS: Sixteen recommendations were based on evidence, and four on consensus. Management of LBP and LR should include information about prognosis, warning signs, and advise to remain active...
April 20, 2017: European Spine Journal
keyword
keyword
527
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"