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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352652/commentary-on-predictors-of-change-in-the-ankle-brachial-index-with-exercise
#1
Pere Altes, Secundino Llagostera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352579/informed-consent-in-physiotherapy-practice-it-is-not-what-is-said-but-how-it-is-said
#2
G Copnell
This paper discusses the concept of informed consent in the context of contemporary biomedical ethics. A change in UK law regarding what information should be provided to patients has brought to the fore the role of physiotherapists in the process of gaining informed consent. It is important that physiotherapists are aware of how this change in the law will affect their practice. For an individual to consent, they need to have both the capacity and freedom to exercise rational thought. These concepts are challenged in contemporary biomedical ethics...
August 7, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352578/a-physiotherapist-led-exercise-and-education-program-for-preventing-recurrence-of-low-back-pain-a-randomised-controlled-pilot-trial
#3
Matthew L Stevens, Chung-Wei C Lin, Mark J Hancock, Trish Wisby-Roth, Jane Latimer, Chris G Maher
BACKGROUND: Before beginning a large and complex trial it is considered good practice to run a pilot study to assess the feasibility and acceptability so that quality is maintained and resources are not wasted. OBJECTIVE: To assesses the feasibility and acceptability of procedures for TOPS: Trial Of Prevention Strategies for low back pain. DESIGN: Randomised controlled pilot trial. METHODS: This is a trial of an 8 week, physiotherapist-led group exercise and education program for preventing recurrence of low back pain (LBP) in those recently recovered from LBP...
September 1, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352373/sleep-interventions-designed-to-improve-athletic-performance-and-recovery-a-systematic-review-of-current-approaches
#4
REVIEW
Daniel Bonnar, Kate Bartel, Naomi Kakoschke, Christin Lang
BACKGROUND: Athletes experience various situations and conditions that can interfere with their sleep, which is crucial for optimal psychological and physiological recovery as well as subsequent performance. Conventional sleep screening and intervention approaches may not be efficacious for athletes given their lifestyle, the demands of training and travel associated with interstate/international competition. OBJECTIVES: The present systematic review aimed to summarize and evaluate sleep intervention studies targeting subsequent performance and recovery in competitive athletes...
January 20, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352196/hyper-hippocampal-glycogen-induced-by-glycogen-loading-with-exhaustive-exercise
#5
Mariko Soya, Takashi Matsui, Takeru Shima, Subrina Jesmin, Naomi Omi, Hideaki Soya
Glycogen loading (GL), a well-known type of sports conditioning, in combination with exercise and a high carbohydrate diet (HCD) for 1 week enhances individual endurance capacity through muscle glycogen supercompensation. This exercise-diet combination is necessary for successful GL. Glycogen in the brain contributes to hippocampus-related memory functions and endurance capacity. Although the effect of HCD on the brain remains unknown, brain supercompensation occurs following exhaustive exercise (EE), a component of GL...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352073/right-ventricular-myofilament-functional-differences-in-humans-with-systemic-sclerosis-associated-versus-idiopathic-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#6
Steven Hsu, Kristen M Kokkonen-Simon, Jonathan A Kirk, Todd M Kolb, Rachel L Damico, Stephen C Mathai, Monica Mukherjee, Ami A Shah, Fredrick M Wigley, Kenneth B Margulies, Paul M Hassoun, Marc K Halushka, Ryan J Tedford, David A Kass
Background -Patients with systemic sclerosis-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (SSc-PAH) have a far worse prognosis than those with idiopathic PAH (IPAH). In the intact heart, SSc-PAH exhibits depressed rest and reserve right ventricular (RV) contractility as compared to IPAH. We tested whether this disparity involves underlying differences in myofilament function. Methods -Cardiac myocytes were isolated from RV septal endomyocardial biopsies from patients with SSc-PAH, IPAH, or SSc with exertional dyspnea but no resting PAH (SSc-d); control RV septal tissue was obtained from non-diseased donor hearts (6-7/group)...
January 19, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351959/diagnosis-and-significance-of-pulmonary-microvascular-disease-in-diabetes
#7
Timothy J Roberts, Andrew T Burns, Richard J MacIsaac, Andrew I MacIsaac, David L Prior, André La Gerche
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether pulmonary microvascular disease is detectable in subjects with diabetes and associated with diminished exercise capacity using a novel echocardiographic marker quantifying the pulmonary transit of agitated contrast bubbles (PTAC). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Sixty participants (40 with diabetes and 20 control subjects) performed cardiopulmonary (maximal oxygen consumption [VO2peak]) and semisupine bicycle echocardiography exercise tests within a 1-week period...
January 19, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351756/disability-due-to-knee-pain-and-somatising-tendency-in-japanese-adults
#8
Tomoko Fujii, Hiroyuki Oka, Junji Katsuhira, Juichi Tonosu, Satoshi Kasahara, Sakae Tanaka, Ko Matsudaira
BACKGROUND: Knee pain is common and related to knee osteoarthritis. However, there is a discrepancy between knee pain and radiographic osteoarthritis. In the general population, knee pain is associated with psychological and cognitive factors, which would be one explanation for the discrepancy. Limited evidence demonstrates that somatization is associated with knee pain. This study examined the association between disability due to knee pain and a high somatising tendency. METHODS: Japanese adults (aged 20-64 years) who had experienced knee pain in the past four weeks were included in this study (n = 14,695, 50% women)...
January 19, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351748/a-comparative-study-of-three-conservative-treatments-in-patients-with-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-with-acupuncture-and-physical-therapy-study-lap-study
#9
Hiroyuki Oka, Ko Matsudaira, Yuichi Takano, Daichi Kasuya, Masaki Niiya, Juichi Tonosu, Masayoshi Fukushima, Yasushi Oshima, Tomoko Fujii, Sakae Tanaka, Hirohiko Inanami
BACKGROUND: Although the efficiency of conservative management for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) has been examined, different conservative management approaches have not been compared. We have performed the first comparative trial of three types of conservative management (medication with acetaminophen, exercise, and acupuncture) in Japanese patients with LSS. METHODS: Patients with L5 root radiculopathy associated with LSS who visited our hospital for surgical treatment were enrolled between December 2011 and January 2014...
January 19, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351661/estimation-of-measurement-uncertainty-in-quantitation-of-benzoylecgonine-bze-and-11-nor-%C3%AE-9-thc-9-carboxylic-acid-thca
#10
Darryl P Arfsten, Erick Roman Perez, Neal C Goebel
Calculating measurement uncertainty is a helpful exercise for identifying components or steps in a forensic analytical procedure that contribute to measurement variance. In this study, we used a bottom up approach to identify components in our procedures that contribute to measurement variance in our Department of Defense (DoD) Drug Demand Reduction Program (DDRP) Gas Chromatography Mass Spectroscopy (GCMS) analytical procedures for benzoylecgonine (BZE) and the THC metabolite, 11-nor-Δ9-THC-9-carboxylic acid (THCA) at 125% the DDRP concentration threshold (cutoff)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351646/effect-of-a-postpartum-training-program-on-prevalence-of-diastasis-recti-abdominis-in-postpartum-primiparous-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Sandra L Gluppe, Gunvor Hilde, Merete K Tennfjord, Marie E Engh, Kari Bø
Background: Diastasis recti abdominis affects a significant number of women during the prenatal and postnatal period. Objective: The objective was to evaluate the effect of a postpartum training program on prevalence of diastasis recti abdominis. Design: The design was a secondary analysis of an assessor-masked randomized controlled trial. Methods: One hundred and seventy-five primiparous women (mean age 29.8±4.1) were randomized to an exercise or control group...
January 17, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351625/physical-activity-weight-and-functional-limitations-in-elderly-spanish-people-the-national-health-survey-2009-2014
#12
Pedro A Latorre-Román, José A Laredo-Aguilera, Felipe García-Pinillos, Víctor M Soto-Hermoso, Juan M Carmona-Torres
Background: The purpose of this study was to analyze physical activity (PA), functional limitations, weight status, self-perceived health status and disease or chronic health problems in older people aged 65 and over using the European Health Survey in Spain (EHSS) conducted one in 2009 and one in 2014. Methods: This study included 12,546 older people, 6026 [2330 men and 3696 women; age (Mean, SD) =75.61 ± 7.11 years old] in 2009 and 6520 [2624 men and 3896 women; age (Mean, SD) =75...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351551/periodontal-health-status-and-lung-function-in-two-norwegian-cohorts
#13
Antonio Manuel Pérez Barrionuevo, Francisco Gómez Real, Jannicke Igland, Ane Johannessen, Ernst Omenaas, Karl A Franklin, Laura Pérez Barrionuevo, Anne Nordrehaug Åstrøm, Cecilie Svanes, Randi Jacobsen Bertelsen
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The oral cavity is united with the airways, and thus poor oral health may affect respiratory health. However, data on the interaction of periodontal and respiratory health is limited. We aimed to evaluate whether periodontal health status, assessed by the Community Periodontal Index (CPI), was related to lung function among young and middle-aged adults in two Norwegian cohorts. METHODS: Periodontal health status and lung function were measured among 656 participants in the Norwegian part of the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECHRS III) and the RHINESSA offspring study...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351515/understanding-key-mechanisms-of-exercise-induced-cardiac-protection-to-mitigate-disease-current-knowledge-and-emerging-concepts
#14
Bianca C Bernardo, Jenny Y Y Ooi, Kate L Weeks, Natalie L Patterson, Julie R McMullen
The benefits of exercise on the heart are well recognized, and clinical studies have demonstrated that exercise is an intervention that can improve cardiac function in heart failure patients. This has led to significant research into understanding the key mechanisms responsible for exercise-induced cardiac protection. Here, we summarize molecular mechanisms that regulate exercise-induced cardiac myocyte growth and proliferation. We discuss in detail the effects of exercise on other cardiac cells, organelles, and systems that have received less or little attention and require further investigation...
January 1, 2018: Physiological Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351493/test-retest-reliability-of-the-unsupported-upper-limb-exercise-test-uulex-and-6-min-peg-board-ring-test-6pbrt-in-healthy-adult-individuals
#15
Vanessa Pereira Lima, Marcelo Velloso, Fabiana Damasceno Almeida, Bianca Carmona, Giane Amorim Ribeiro-Samora, Tania Janaudis-Ferreira
BACKGROUND: The unsupported upper-limb exercise (UULEX) and 6-min peg board ring tests (6PBRTs) have been developed to measure peak unsupported arm exercise capacity and arm endurance, respectively, in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. These tests are valid and reproducible in this population; however, the reproducibility of healthy adults is currently unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the within-day test-retest reliability of the UULEX and 6PBRT in healthy adults...
January 19, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351488/measurement-of-postprandial-glucose-fluxes-in-response-to-acute-and-chronic-endurance-exercise-in-healthy-humans
#16
Dale J Morrison, Greg M Kowalski, Eleonora Grespan, Andrea Mari, Clinton R Bruce, Glenn D Wadley
The effect of endurance exercise on enhancing insulin sensitivity and glucose flux has been well established with techniques such as the hyperinsulinemic clamp. Although informative, such techniques do not emulate the physiological postprandial state, and it remains unclear how exercise improves postprandial glycaemia. Accordingly, combining mixed meal tolerance testing and the triple-stable isotope glucose tracer approach, glucose fluxes (rates of meal glucose appearance (Ra), disposal (Rd) and endogenous glucose production (EGP)) were determined following acute endurance exercise (1h cycling; ~70% VO2max) and 4 weeks of endurance training (cycling 5d/wk)...
December 19, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351473/sympathetically-mediated-cardiac-responses-to-isolated-muscle-metaboreflex-activation-following-exercise-are-modulated-by-body-position-in-humans
#17
André L Teixeira, Mauricio Daher, Mayara Souza, Plinio Santos Ramos, James P Fisher, Lauro C Vianna
Isolated muscle metaboreflex activation with post-handgrip exercise ischemia (PEI) increases sympathetic nerve activity and partially maintains the exercise-induced increase in blood pressure, but a smaller heart rate (HR) response occurs. The cardiopulmonary baroreceptors, mechanically sensitive receptors that respond to changes in central blood volume and pressure, are strongly associated with changes in body position and upon activation elicit reflex sympathoinhibition. Here, we tested the hypothesis that postural changes modulate the sympathetically-mediated cardiac response to PEI in humans...
December 15, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351468/gabaergic-contribution-to-the-muscle-mechanoreflex-mediated-heart-rate-responses-at-the-onset-of-exercise-in-humans
#18
André L Teixeira, Plinio Santos Ramos, Milena Samora, Jeann L Sabino-Carvalho, Djalma Rabelo Ricardo, Eduardo Colombari, Lauro C Vianna
Previous studies indicated that central GABAergic mechanisms are involved in the heart rate (HR) responses at the onset of exercise. Based on previous research that showed similar increases in HR during passive and active cycling, we reasoned that the GABAergic mechanisms involved in the HR responses at the exercise onset is primarily mediated by muscle mechanoreceptors afferents. Therefore, in this study we sought to determine if central GABA mechanisms are involved in the muscle mechanoreflex-mediated HR responses at the onset of exercise in humans...
December 22, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351462/maximal-strength-training-induced-improvements-in-forearm-work-efficiency-are-associated-with-reduced-blood-flow
#19
Ole Kristian Berg, Stian Kwak Nyberg, Tobias Midtvedt Windedal, Eivind Wang
Maximal strength training (MST) improves work efficiency. However, since blood flow is greatly dictated by muscle contractions in arms during exercise, and vascular conductance is lower, it has been indicated that arms rely more upon adapting oxygen extraction than legs in response to the enhanced work efficiency. Thus, to investigate if metabolic and vascular responses are arm-specific, we utilized Doppler-ultrasound and a catheter placed in the subclavian vein to measure blood flow and a-vO2diff during steady state work in seven young males (24{plus minus}3(SD) years) following six-weeks of handgrip MST...
December 29, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351461/exercise-training-induces-enos-coupling-and-restores-relaxation-in-coronary-arteries-of-heart-failure-rats
#20
Gisele Kruger Couto, Suliana Mesquita Paula, Igor L Gomes-Santos, Carlos Eduardo Negrão, Luciana Venturini Rossoni
Exercise training (ET) has emerged as a non-pharmacological therapy for cardiovascular diseases because of its helpful milieu for improving vascular function. The aim of the present study was to assess whether ET reverses the alterations in vascular reactivity observed in heart failure (HF)-related coronary arteries and to elucidate the molecular mechanisms involved in these adjustments. Male Wistar rats were subjected to either coronary artery ligation or sham operation (SO). Four weeks after the surgery, the rats were divided into two groups: untrained HF (UHF) and exercise-trained HF (THF)...
January 5, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
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