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Sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443988/efficacy-of-minimally-invasive-tonsil-surgery-for-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-in-children
#1
X-Q Zhang, H Wang, J Zhou, P Zeng, Y Zhao, Y Zhang, C Liu, L-Q Jiang, Y-J Lan
This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of minimally invasive tonsil surgery for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) in children. Tonsil ablation or turbinate reduction was performed on 49 pediatric patients with OSAHS by minimally invasive tonsil surgery. In order to evaluate the efficacy of surgery, a comparison was conducted between pre-operation and post-operation data in terms of the symptoms, signs and polysomnography test. Total effectiveness rate of the surgery was 83...
April 20, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442894/effect-of-adherence-on-daytime-sleepiness-fatigue-depression-and-sleep-quality-in-the-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-patients-undertaking-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-therapy
#2
Yeying Wang, Li Ai, Jiahong Luo, Ran Li, Yanlin Chai, Xiaojie He, Yu Cao, Yongxia Li
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to describe changes in day- and nighttime symptoms and the adherence to nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) during the first 3-month nCPAP therapy among newly diagnosed patients with obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAS) and to identify the effect of adherence on the changes in day- and nighttime symptoms during the first 3 months. METHODS: Newly diagnosed OSAS patients were consecutively recruited from March to August 2013...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440756/type-2-diabetes-risk-of-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-and-quality-of-life-associated-to-sleep-breathing-disorders
#3
Albert Lecube, Enric Sánchez, Carolina López-Cano, Cristina Hernández, Rafael Simó
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427836/adherence-to-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-adults-with-an-intellectual-disability
#4
Kim A Luijks, Nele L Vandenbussche, Dirk Pevernagie, Sebastiaan Overeem, Sigrid Pillen
STUDY OBJECTIVES: This retrospective study evaluated the feasibility of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy in adults with intellectual disabilities (ID). METHODS: CPAP therapy of 24 obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) patients with ID were compared to age- and sex-matched adults with normal cognitive functioning. All ID patients received an intensive in-hospital training protocol to stimulate adherence. Good adherence was defined as a use of >70% of the nights and >4 h/night...
March 30, 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425583/sleep-apnea-syndrome-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-in-hemodialysis-patients
#5
Olga Nikitidou, Euphemia Daskalopoulou, Aikaterini Papagianni, Vassilios Liakopoulos, Aikaterini Michalaki, Foteini Christidou, Paraskevi Argyropoulou, Dimitrios Kirmizis, Georgios Efstratiadis, Pavlos Nikolaidis, Michail Daniilidis, Nicholas Dombros
INTRODUCTION: Sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) is an established cardiovascular risk factor in the general population related to inflammation and oxidative stress and is very common among hemodialysis patients. Cardiovascular disease and its complications is the main cause of death among hemodialysis patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of SAS in the promotion of inflammation and oxidative stress and thus in the augmentation of cardiovascular risk in hemodialysis patients...
April 20, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422847/correlation-between-calpain-10-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnoea-syndrome-with-ischemic-stroke-in-a-chinese-population-a-population-based-study
#6
Wei Zhang, Zhi-Ru Zhao, Chang-Fei Dai, Rong Zhang, Jie Chen, Hui-Juan Tian, Yun-Long Wang, Ji-Hong Sun, Qiu-Fang Lian
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a common chronic disorder which is followed by various complications. Calpain-10 belongs to a commonly expressed member of the Calpain-like cysteine protease family, which acts as risk marker for some diseases. The purpose of this study is to elucidate correlation between Calpain-10 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and the incidence of OSAHS followed by ischemic stroke (IS). METHODS: OSAHS patients were divided as OSAHS + IS, OSAHS, and control groups, respectively...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422345/therapeutic-efficacy-of-twin-block-and-fixed-oral-appliances-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#7
George Umemoto, Hideo Toyoshima, Yuji Yamaguchi, Naoko Aoyagi, Chikara Yoshimura, Kouta Funakoshi
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of twin-block (i.e., allows mouth opening) and fixed (i.e., maintains mouth closure) mandibular advancement splints (MASs) for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2011 to 2013, 23 patients with OSA in the twin-block group, and from 2013 to 2015, 29 patients in the fixed MAS group were included. All patients underwent polysomnography before and after 3 months of treatment. The two sets of polysomnographic and cephalometric variables were compared...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417683/tracheostomy-for-severe-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-indications-and-outcomes
#8
Christopher J Rizzi, Julian D Amin, Amal Isaiah, Tulio A Valdez, Anita Jeyakumar, Suzanne E Smart, Kevin D Pereira
Objectives (1) To describe characteristics of pediatric patients undergoing tracheostomy for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). (2) To highlight perioperative events and outcomes of the procedure. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Four tertiary care academic children's hospitals. Subjects and Methods Twenty-nine children aged <18 years from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2015, who underwent tracheostomy for severe OSA, defined as an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) >10, were included in the study...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416157/dentoskeletal-sequellae-after-wearing-of-a-mandibular-advancement-device-in-an-osahs-setting
#9
Amélie Laborde, Cyrille Tison, Elodie Drumez, Emilie Garreau, Joël Ferri, Gwenaël Raoul
Mandibular advancement devices (MAD) are recommended in certain cases for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea and hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). The aim of this study was to make a retrospective investigation into the dental and skeletal effects in patients suffering from OSAHS after wearing an MAD, and according to the type of device, rigid or semi-rigid. Cephalometric criteria on lateral cephalograms before and after at least 6 months of treatment were analyzed. Twenty-two patients were included. We observed average labial tipping of the lower incisors (+4...
April 13, 2017: International Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399695/the-effect-of-adenotonsillectomy-on-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#10
Mosaad Abdel-Aziz, Khaled Azooz, Nader Naguib, Ramez Reda, Ahmed Kamel
OBJECTIVE: Children with Down syndrome (DS) are liable to develop obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) due to many anatomical airway abnormalities. The tonsils and adenoid occupy part of the airway space, and their removal may be helpful in relieving airway obstruction. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of adenotonsillectomy in the treatment of OSA in those children. METHODS: Fifty DS children with difficult breathing were recruited, and they were subjected to polysomnographic examination (PSG)...
April 11, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393717/leptin-levels-in-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#11
Ayhan Söğüt, Şerefden Açıkgöz, Lokman Uzun, Mehmet Birol Uğur, Remzi Altın, Elif Dağlı, Athanasios Kaditis, Refika Ersu
Introduction: The aim of this study is to assess the effect of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) severity on leptin levels in children. Patients and Methods: Children with habitual snoring underwent overnight polysomnography. Fasting venous blood samples were obtained between 8 AM and 9 AM, following the night of the sleep study. Children with an apnea-hypopnea index of ≥ 5/h were included in the moderate-to-severe OSAS group while those with an apnea-hypopnea index of < 5/h formed the mild OSAS/primary snoring group...
December 2016: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378061/tongue-surgeries-for-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Macario Camacho, Michael W Noller, Soroush Zaghi, Lauren K Reckley, Camilo Fernandez-Salvador, Erika Ho, Brandyn Dunn, Dylan Chan
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the international literature for studies reporting outcomes for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children undergoing isolated tongue surgeries. METHODS: Two authors searched from inception through November 14, 2016 in four databases including PubMed/MEDLINE. RESULTS: 351 studies were screened. Eleven studies (116 children) met criteria. Most children were syndromic and had craniofacial disorders, co-morbidities, or other serious medical issues...
April 4, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367199/immune-status-of-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#13
Zihe Zhang, Chunguang Wang
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the immune status of children with obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). METHODS: Fifty children with OSAHS having the symptoms of "snoring, mouth breathing and suffocating during sleep", who were admitted in our hospital from May 2014 to May 2016, were randomly selected. Another 52 healthy, age- and gender-matched children were enrolled as control subjects after taking informed consent. After admission, the peripheral venous blood was collected...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366323/effect-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-on-regional-cerebral-blood-flow-in-patients-with-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#14
Jeong Sik Kim, Ji Hye Seo, Mi-Ri Kang, Min Jae Seong, Won Gu Lee, Eun Yeon Joo, Seung Bong Hong
OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is commonly associated with neural and cognitive deficits induced by recurrent hypoxemia and sleep fragment. The aims of this study were to use statistical parametric mapping (SPM) to analyze changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in untreated patients with severe OSA before and after nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment, examine the impact of OSA-related variables on rCBF, and assess the therapeutic effect of nasal CPAP treatment...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366141/-leptin-levels-in-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#15
Ayhan Söğüt, Şerefden Açıkgöz, Lokman Uzun, Mehmet Birol Uğur, Remzi Altın, Elif Dağlı, Athanasios Kaditis, Refika Ersu
Introduction: The aim of this study is to assess the effect of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) severity on leptin levels in children. Patients and Methods: Children with habitual snoring underwent overnight polysomnography. Fasting venous blood samples were obtained between 8 AM and 9 AM, following the night of the sleep study. Children with an apnea-hypopnea index of ≥ 5/h were included in the moderate-to-severe OSAS group while those with an apnea-hypopnea index of < 5/h formed the mild OSAS/primary snoring group...
December 2016: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356179/upper-airway-reflexes-are-preserved-during-dexmedetomidine-sedation-in-children-with-down-syndrome-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#16
Mohamed Mahmoud, Stacey L Ishman, Keith McConnell, Robert Fleck, Sally Shott, Goutham Mylavarapu, Ephraim Gutmark, Yuanshu Zou, Rhonda Szczesniak, Raouf S Amin
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The assessment of pharyngeal collapsibility is difficult to perform in children under normal sleep. An alternative is to perform the assessment under an anesthetic, such as dexmedetomidine (DEX), that induces non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. The objectives of this study were to compare critical closing airway pressure (Pcrit) obtained during natural sleep to that obtained under DEX in patients with Down syndrome (DS) and persistent obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and determine whether Pcrit measured under sedation predicts the severity of OSA...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355750/-association-between-subjective-and-objective-sleepiness-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-patients
#17
T M Li, R Ren, L Tan, F Lei, X D Tang
Objective: To examine the association between subjective sleepiness and objective sleepiness in Chinese obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) patients. Methods: A total of 1 660 patients meeting the diagnostic criteria of OSAHS based on overnight polysomnography from West China Hospital, Sichuan University in the period from Jul 2010 to Jul 2014 were enrolled in the study. The Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT) were to evaluate subjective and objective sleepiness, respectively...
March 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350680/airway-and-feeding-outcomes-of-mandibular-distraction-tongue-lip-adhesion-and-conservative-management-in-pierre-robin-sequence-a-prospective-study
#18
Ibrahim Khansa, Courtney Hall, Lauren L Madhoun, Mark Splaingard, Adriane Baylis, Richard E Kirschner, Gregory D Pearson
BACKGROUND: Pierre Robin sequence is characterized by mandibular retrognathia and glossoptosis resulting in airway obstruction and feeding difficulties. When conservative management fails, mandibular distraction osteogenesis or tongue-lip adhesion may be required to avoid tracheostomy. The authors' goal was to prospectively evaluate the airway and feeding outcomes of their comprehensive approach to Pierre Robin sequence, which includes conservative management, mandibular distraction osteogenesis, and tongue-lip adhesion...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345544/retinal-vascular-morphological-changes-in-patients-with-extremely-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#19
Xiao-Yi Wang, Shuang Wang, Xue Liu, Xiu Ding, Meng Li, De-Min Han
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) has been shown to generate hypertension and endothelial dysfunction. Retinal vessel is the only vessel that can be observed directly and noninvasively; retinal vascular abnormalities can serve as a predictive marker for the occurrence, clinical course, and prognosis of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. The objective of this study was to identify the effect of OSAS severity on the morphological changes of retinal vessels. METHODS: Adult patients complained of snoring were included in this study...
April 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343217/contribution-of-hyoid-and-tonsillar-procedures-to-outcome-in-multilevel-surgery-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#20
Nora Tetter, Kurt Tschopp
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: In multilevel surgery for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), the contribution of distinct operative steps is still unclear. The aim of the present study is to retrospectively compare different combinations of multilevel surgeries in order to estimate the contribution of hyoid and tonsillar procedures to the outcome. METHODS: A total of 45 patients were selected in a retrospectively matched case-control study from a database of patients who underwent surgery for OSA at our institution: group A (n = 15) had hyoid suspension, tonsillectomy, and radiofrequency-assisted uvulopalatoplasty (RAUP); group B (n = 15) had hyoid pharyngoplasty with resection of the hyoid body and preepiglottic fat tissue, tonsillectomy, and RAUP; and group C (n = 15) had hyoid suspension and RAUP but no tonsillectomy, because the tonsils had already been removed...
2016: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
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