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Sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453640/effect-of-semi-rapid-maxillary-expansion-in-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-5-month-follow-up-study
#1
Saimir Hoxha, Ecem Kaya-Sezginer, Filiz Bakar-Ates, Oğuz Köktürk, Ufuk Toygar-Memikoğlu
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of semi-rapid maxillary expansion (SRME) orthodontic treatment on biomarkers and respiratory parameters in children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and maxillary transverse deficiency. METHODS: Thirty children with OSAS were included in this study. Fifteen children were enrolled as control, and 15 children were subjected to SRME orthodontic treatment method for 5 months. Beside respiratory parameters, pharyngeal area, dental arch, and postero-anterior widths and the levels of OSAS biomarkers in serum and urine were measured...
February 17, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453637/cough-hypersensitivity-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#2
Cuiqin Shi, Siwei Liang, Xianghuai Xu, Qiang Chen, Lan Wang, Li Yu, Hanjing Lv, Zhongmin Qiu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate cough hypersensitivity and its potential mechanisms in patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). METHODS: Fifteen OSAHS patients, 12 simple snoring patients, and 15 healthy volunteers received cough sensitivity test and induced sputum cytology. Cough thresholds C2 and C5 (the minimum of capsaicin inducing ≥ 2 and ≥ 5 coughs, respectively), total cell count, cell differentials and the levels of bradykinin, histamine, prostaglandin E 2 , substance P, calcitonin gene-related peptide, pepsin, and interleukin-2 in the induced sputum detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were compared...
February 16, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449609/kinesthetic-stimulation-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-an-on-off-proof-of-concept-trial
#3
Alfredo I Hernández, Diego Pérez, Delphine Feuerstein, Corinne Loiodice, Laurence Graindorge, Gustavo Guerrero, Nadège Limousin, Frédéric Gagnadoux, Yves Dauvilliers, Renaud Tamisier, Arnaud Prigent, Philippe Mabo, Amel Amblard, Lotfi Senhadji, Jean-Louis Pépin
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) occurs when the upper airway narrows or collapses due to the loss of upper airway muscle activation at sleep onset. This study investigated the effectiveness of triggered kinesthetic stimulation in patients with OSA. This proof-of-concept, open-label, multicenter prospective study was conducted on 24 patients with severe OSA. During a one night evaluation, kinesthetic stimulation was intermittently delivered in 30 minute periods. The duration of apneas and hypopneas during Stim on and Stim off periods were compared...
February 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447819/lingual-tonsillectomy-in-children-with-down-syndrome-is-it-safe
#4
Jonathan R Skirko, Emily L Jensen, Norman R Friedman
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate peri-operative course and morbidity in children with Down syndrome (DS) who underwent a lingual tonsillectomy (LT) for residual obstructive sleep apnea (rOSA). METHODS: Retrospective case series for children with DS who underwent LT for rOSA from April 2011 to July 2016. Our primary outcomes were length of stay, readmission and complications. Surgical effectiveness was evaluated by change in the obstructive apnea-hypopnea-index(OAHI) and oxygen saturation nadir...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441807/alterations-of-igf-1-complement-c3-and-superoxide-dismutase-in-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#5
Xiao Wang, Yufeng Wang, Zechuan Cai, Xiaoxia Lu, Zhenxing Li, Yun Chen, Guoliang Zu, Taoping Li
AIM: To evaluate various biomarkers of metabolism, immunity and inflammation in obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). MATERIALS & METHODS: After overnight polysomnography, blood was collected from 292 OSAHS patients or healthy volunteers. Serum content of inflammatory, immune, metabolic biomarkers were investigated. In addition, the effects of 1-month continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) were studied in moderate/severe OSAHS. RESULTS: C3, serum total complement activity, superoxide dismutase, uric acid were significantly higher in moderate/severe OSAHS than that in no/mild OSAHS...
February 14, 2018: Biomarkers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428066/utility-of-bispectrum-in-the-screening-of-pediatric-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-using-oximetry-recordings
#6
Fernando Vaquerizo-Villar, Daniel Álvarez, Leila Kheirandish-Gozal, Gonzalo César Gutiérrez-Tobal, Verónica Barroso-García, Andrea Crespo, Félix Del Campo, David Gozal, Roberto Hornero
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the utility of bispectrum-based oximetry approaches as a complementary tool to traditional techniques in the screening of pediatric sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (SAHS). METHODS: 298 blood oxygen saturation (SpO 2 ) signals from children ranging 0-13 years of age were recorded during overnight polysomnography (PSG). These recordings were divided into three severity groups according to the PSG-derived apnea hypopnea index (AHI): AHI < 5 events per hour (e/h), 5 ≤ AHI < 10 e/h, AHI ≥ 10 e/h...
March 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422340/diagnosing-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-in-children-past-present-and-future
#7
Pablo E Brockmann, María Luz Alonso-Álvarez, David Gozal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 5, 2018: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410749/surgical-treatment-of-a-pattern-i-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-individual-clinical-case-report
#8
Christiane Cavalcante Feitoza, Matheus Corrêa da-Silva, Yasmim Lima Nascimento, Elaine Sobral Leite, Corintho Viana Pereira, Lucas Gomes Patrocínio
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSA) is a multifactorial disease that highly alters a persons quality of life. It is characterized by the repeated interruption of breathing during sleep, due to an obstruction or the collapse of the upper airways. Since it is a multifactorial etiological disorder, it requires a thorough diagnosis and treatment with an interdisciplinary team, which comprises several professionals such as a surgical dentist, phonoaudiologist, otorhinolaryngologist, sleep doctor, neurologist and physiotherapist...
October 2017: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410744/sleep-architecture-in-night-shift-workers-police-officers-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#9
Selene Verde-Tinoco, Rafael Santana-Miranda, Romel Gutiérrez-Escobar, Reyes Haro, Joana Miranda-Ortiz, Talia Berruga-Fernandez, Ulises Jimenez-Correa, Adrián Poblano
Introduction: Reduced sleep to increase work hours is common among police officers, when this situation is combined with Obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS), health consequences are greater, therefore we believe there is a need of research for these alterations. The aim of this study was to measure the changes in sleep architecture (SA) in police officers who currently have Night shift work (NSW) and OSAHS. Methods: We compared SA in 107 subjects divided in three groups: the first group included police officers with NSW and severe OSAHS (n = 48); the second group were non-police officers with diurnal work time and severe OSAHS (n = 48) and the third group was formed by healthy controls (n = 11)...
October 2017: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404173/results-of-polysomnographies-and-treatment-strategies-in-elderly-patients-with-symptoms-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#10
Baran Balcan, Aylin Özsancak Uğurlu
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we evaluated data regarding the management of geriatric patients with symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (age, >65 years) who were admitted to our sleep clinic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Symptoms and sleep data of the patients were retrospectively evaluated, and the patients were reevaluated after treatment. RESULTS: A total of 85 patients with a median age of 69 years were included. Snoring and fatigue were the most common symptoms...
October 2017: Turkish Thoracic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404158/is-there-a-link-between-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-and-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#11
Handan İnönü Köseoğlu, Ahmet İnanır, Asiye Kanbay, Sevil Okan, Osman Demir, Osman Çeçen, Sema İnanır
OBJECTIVES: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is characterized by complaints of chronic musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, and difficulty in falling asleep. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is associated with symptoms, such as morning fatigueness and unrefreshing sleep. We aimed to investigate the presence of OSAS and objectively demonstrate changes in sleep pattern in patients with FMS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Polysomnographic investigations were performed on 24 patients with FMS...
April 2017: Turkish thoracic journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390418/evaluation-of-carotid-arterial-elasticity-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-by-two-dimensional-speckle-tracking-imaging
#12
Manjie You, Li Zhang, Lingyun Fang, Jie Li, Mingxing Xie
The objective is to evaluate carotid arterial elasticity in patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) by two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging (2D-STI).Sixty-two hospitalized patients with OSAHS and 20 healthy subjects were studied. The OSAHS patients were divided into 3 subgroups: a mild group, a moderate group, and severe group. All subjects underwent complete left common carotid artery (LCCA) examination by echo-tacking technique and 2D-STI. The stiffness parameter (β), elastic modulus (Eρ), stiffness β single pulse wave velocity (PWVβ), and arterial compliance (AC) were automatically calculated by echo-tracking technique...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387255/comparison-of-positional-and-rapid-eye-movement-dependent-sleep-apnea-syndromes
#13
Fatih Uzer, Asli Bostancı Toptas, Ummuhan Okur, Selen Bozkurt, Ebru Dogrul, Murat Turhan, Aykut Cilli
AIM: We aimed to compare the clinical, epidemiological, and polysomnographic features of rapid eye movement (REM)-dependent obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and positional OSAS which are two separate clinical entities. METHODS: Between January 2014 and December 2015, at the Akdeniz University Medical Faculty Hospital, patients who were diagnosed REM-dependent and positional OSAS with polysomnography were retrospectively studied. RESULTS: In this study, 1727 patients were screened consecutively...
January 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380238/activating-adenosine-a1-receptor-accelerates-pc12-cell-injury-via-adora1-pkc-katp-pathway-after-intermittent-hypoxia-exposure
#14
Hong-Fang Mei, Neha Poonit, Yi-Chun Zhang, Chu-Yuan Ye, Hui-Lin Cai, Chen-Yi Yu, Yong-Hai Zhou, Bei-Bei Wu, Jun Cai, Xiao-Hong Cai
Obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is associated with the neurocognitive deficits as a result of the neuronal cell injury. Previous studies have shown that adenosine A1 receptor (ADORA1) played an important role against hypoxia exposure, such as controlling the metabolic recovery in rat hippocampal slices and increasing the resistance in the combined effects of hypoxia and hypercapnia. However, little is known about whether ADORA1 takes part in the course of neuronal cell injury after intermittent hypoxia exposure which was the main pathological characteristic of OSAHS...
January 29, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369187/clinical-application-of-mri-respiratory-gating-technology-in-the-evaluation-of-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#15
Guohui Zeng, Yaoshu Teng, Jin Zhu, Darong Zhu, Bin Yang, Linpin Hu, Manman Chen, Xiao Fu
The objective of the present study was to investigate the clinical application of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-respiratory gating technology for assessing illness severity in children with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS).MRI-respiratory gating technology was used to scan the nasopharyngeal cavities of 51 children diagnosed with OSAHS during 6 respiratory phases. Correlations between the ratio of the area of the adenoid to the area of the nasopalatine pharyngeal cavity (Sa/Snp), with the main indexes of polysomnography (PSG), were analyzed...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366867/forestier-syndrome-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-surgical-treatment
#16
D K Ribeiro, J A Pinto, G S Freitas
INTRODUCTION: We report a case of obstructive sleep apnea that occurred as a result of Forestier disease and describe the surgical treatment that was performed. SUMMARY: The patient is a 56-year-old man who presented dysphagia for solids and liquids, snoring (score 10) and excessive daytime sleepiness for 5 years. On fiber optic laryngoscopy examination, there was interarytenoid edema and protrusion of the posterior wall of the larynx. The cervical X-Ray showed protrusion of intervertebral disc between C3-C5 (skeletal hyperostosis) and the polysomnography revealed apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) of 56 events/h...
January 20, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362967/does-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-alter-retrobulbar-blood-flow-a-color-doppler-ultrasound-study
#17
Bülent Çekiç, Ömer Tarık Selçuk, İclal Erdem Toslak, Üstün Osma, Hülya Eyigör, Muhammed Kazım Erol
PURPOSE: To evaluate extraocular orbital vessels with color Doppler ultrasound (CDU) and investigate the effects of severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on retrobulbar blood flow. METHODS: Between February 2014 and September 2015, 30 patients with severe OSA (apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) > 30) and 28 controls were prospectively included in this study. Intraocular pressure (IOP) was measured with a Goldmann applanation tonometer, and CDU was used to evaluate the retrobulbar vessels...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353391/detection-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-with-ambulatory-holter-monitoring
#18
Ian Grasso, Mark Haigney, David Mortara, Jacob F Collen, Jordanna Hostler, Aimee Moores, Karen Sheikh, William Kelly
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome is a common condition that can impact clinical outcomes among patients with cardiovascular disease. Screening all subjects with heart disease via polysomnography (PSG) is costly and resource-limited. We sought to compare a Holter monitor-based algorithm to detect OSA to in-laboratory polysomnography (PSG). METHODS: Prospective cohort study of patients undergoing in-laboratory attended PSG for the evaluation of OSA...
January 20, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351818/obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-patients-with-congenital-central-hypoventilation-syndrome-ventilated-by-diaphragm-pacing-without-tracheostomy
#19
Annie Wang, Sheila Kun, Bonnie Diep, Sally L Davidson Ward, Thomas G Keens, Iris A Perez
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine presence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in patients with congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) ventilated by diaphragm pacing (DP) without tracheostomy, and to determine if OSA can be improved by DP setting changes. METHODS: We reviewed polysomnography (PSG) results of 15 patients with CCHS from October 2001 to April 2014, age 15.4 ± 7.8 years, body mass index 22.0 ± 6.0 kg/m2, and 60% female. RESULTS: Of the 22 PSG results obtained for the 15 patients with CCHS, 9 were performed with tracheostomy capped, and 13 were performed after patients underwent decannulation...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351040/respiratory-polysomnographic-findings-in-patients-treated-primarily-for-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate
#20
Davi Sandes Sobral, Gustavo Juliane Faller, Marcus Vinícius Martins Collares
Cleft lip and palate (CLP) is the most common congenital craniofacial abnormality. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a highly prevalent but underdiagnosed disease and is frequently associated with craniofacial anomalies. There are few studies describing the sleep breathing pattern of children with CLP. This study sought to characterize the respiratory profile of 23 children with unilateral cleft lip and palate, aged 7-12 years, who had undergone cleft lip and nasal repair at age 3-4 months and palatoplasty at 12-15 months, with a particular focus on evaluating the presence of OSAS in children with CLP...
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
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