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trauma orthopaedic

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328797/does-a-dedicated-orthopaedic-day-surgery-list-improve-delivery-of-trauma-services
#1
Jagmeet Singh Bhamra, Baljinder S Dhinsa, Sohil Patel, Chi Davies, Matthew OLiver
Our aim was to implement a 23-hour pathway for uncomplicated trauma to overcome delays and improve efficiency. A retrospective review of a single surgeon series of 105 consecutive patients operated on between July 2010 and July 2011 was performed. With recently revised trauma tariffs, we believe an efficient day surgery trauma list improves theatre utilisation, reduces inpatient bed demands, prioritises major and sub-specialist trauma and delivers patient satisfaction.
November 2017: Journal of Perioperative Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322907/-turn-laterally-to-the-left-the-need-for-uniform-c-arm-communication-terminology-during-orthopaedic-trauma-surgery
#2
R-J De Muinck Keizer, D S Klei, P J Van Koperen, C N Van Dijk, J C Goslings
To avoid disturbed teamwork, unnecessary radiation exposure, and procedural delays, we designed and tested a uniform communication language for use in fluoroscopy-assisted surgical procedures. Input of surgeons and radiographers was used to create a set of commands. The potential benefit of this terminology was explored in an experimental setting. There was a tremendous diversity in the currently used terminology. Use of the newly designed terminology showed a reduction of procedural time and amount of images needed...
March 2017: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318349/-imaging-diagnostics-of-the-foot-what-the-orthopaedic-surgeon-expects-from-the-radiologist
#3
REVIEW
C Putz, S Hagmann, T Dreher
CLINICAL/METHODICAL ISSUE: Foot pain is in the case of long-term congenital, acquired or posttraumatic foot deformities a relevant clinical problem. STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL METHODS: On the basis of the clinical findings and the orthopaedic question, radiographs of the foot while standing in two planes are supplemented by radiographs of the ankle in an anterior-posterior plane. The imaging diagnostics of the foot are based on the conventional X‑ray diagnostic workup and becomes even more precise and differentiated by the possibility of intersecting imaging procedures...
January 9, 2018: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318088/hoffa-fragments-in-the-geriatric-distal-femur-fracture-myth-or-reality
#4
Brian W Hill, Lisa K Cannada
Background: Previous research reported the frequency of coronal plane (Hoffa) fractures in high-energy supracondylar femur fractures in a relatively young population. It is the purpose of this study to identify the frequency of coronal plane fractures seen in elderly patients. Methods: All patients over the age of 18 years treated for supracondylar femur fractures at 2 level I trauma centers were reviewed over a 4-year period. The patients were stratified (≥60 years and <60 years) and compared to determine differences in injury characteristics and fracture patterns with special attention to the prevalence of coronal plane fractures...
December 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315035/does-a-daily-consultant-ward-round-affect-the-outcomes-of-orthopaedic-patients
#5
Kwaku W Baryeh, David Elliott, Ziad Harb, Radcliffe Lisk
INTRODUCTION: In the UK, more than 60 000 patients present with a fractured neck of femur each year. These patients represent a huge financial cost. This study looks at the 30-day readmissions and total length of hospital stay of patients presenting with a fractured neck of femur, as well as length of stay in non-hip fracture trauma patients, following the change to a daily consultant-led ward round. METHODS: A total of 200 records of patients with fractured neck of femur were reviewed with data collected retrospectively and prospectively following the introduction of the daily consultant-led ward round...
January 2, 2018: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306971/trauma-care-in-german-speaking-countries-have-changes-in-the-curricula-led-to-changes-in-practice-after-10%C3%A2-years
#6
Sarah Kuhn-Régnier, Michael Stickel, Björn-Christian Link, Henning Fischer, Reto Babst, Frank J P Beeres
PURPOSE: Traditionally, in the German-speaking countries, trauma patients are treated by general surgeons specialized in trauma surgery known as the Unfallchirurg. Over the last decade, a trend towards a lower influence of surgeons and a higher influence of subspecialties in the emergency department has been noted. With additional transformations in the health care system towards highly specialized medicine and the arising of new (sub-) specialties, diversification in the management of the trauma patient appears to occur...
January 6, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301794/surgical-trauma-induces-overgrowth-in-lower-limb-gigantism-regulation-with-use-of-rapamycin-is-promising
#7
Rohan Sebastian Pinto, William David Harrison, Kenneth Graham, Durai Nayagam
We describe an unclassified overgrowth syndrome characterised by unregulated growth of dermal fibroblasts in the lower limbs of a 35-year-old woman. A PIK3CA gene mutation resulted in lower limb gigantism. Below the waist, she weighed 117 kg with each leg measuring over 100 cm in circumference. Her total adiposity was 50% accounted for by her legs mainly. Liposuction and surgical debulking were performed to reduce the size of the limbs but had exacerbated the overgrowth in her lower limbs. Systemic sepsis from an infected foot ulcer necessitated treatment by an above-knee amputation...
January 4, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290537/assessment-of-variability-in-turkish-spine-surgeons-trauma-practices
#8
Engin Çetin, Alpaslan Şenköylü, Emre Acaroğlu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyse the variability among Turkish spinal surgeons in the management of thoracolumbar fractures by carrying out a web survey. METHODS: An invitation text and web-link of the survey were sent to the members of the Turkish Spine Society mail group. A fictitious spine trauma vignette, a 23 year-old male with a L1 burst fracture, was presented and 25 questions were asked to participants. Variability of answers in a given question was assessed with the Index of Qualitative Variation (IQV)...
December 28, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287752/do-orthopaedic-resident-and-fellow-case-logs-accurately-reflect-surgical-case-volume
#9
Kanu Okike, Peter Z Berger, Carrie Schoonover, Robert V O Toole
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine whether orthopedic resident and fellow case logs accurately reflect trainee case volume. DESIGN: For each orthopedic case performed at our institution between 7/1/14 and 10/31/14, the names of trainees who participated were obtained from the chart. The trainee Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education case logs were queried to determine if the procedure in question was logged and, if so, which current procedural terminology (CPT) codes were reported...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287221/ankle-fractures-getting-it-right-first-time
#10
Anna S Walsh, Victoria Sinclair, Patrick Watmough, Alistair A Henderson
INTRODUCTION: Ankle fractures are common injuries presenting to trauma departments and ankle open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF2) is one of the first procedures targeted in early orthopaedic training. Failure to address the fracture pattern with the appropriate surgical technique and hardware may lead to early failure, resulting in revision procedures or premature degenerative change. Patients undergoing revision ORIF are known to be at much greater risk of complications and many of these secondary procedures may be preventable...
November 28, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286972/delayed-bone-infarct-in-the-ilium-following-a-pelvic-crush-injury-and-embolization-a-case-report
#11
Paul W Millhouse, Andrew J Miller, Jonathan Paul, Theodore D Conliffe, Alexander R Vaccaro, Zach Broyer
CASE: We present a case of delayed osteonecrosis of the ilium. After receiving embolization and multiple orthopaedic procedures following a complex pelvic crush injury, the patient subsequently developed posterior pelvic pain and tenderness over the posterior superior iliac spine, along with pain on sacroiliac joint compression. Magnetic resonance imaging of the pelvis demonstrated a bone infarction in the left ilium adjacent to the sacroiliac joint. CONCLUSION: The symptoms from osteonecrosis of the ilium may simulate sacroiliitis or other conditions...
October 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259067/retrospective-evaluation-of-140-dogs-involved-in-road-traffic-accidents
#12
Sigal Klainbart, Uri Bibring, Dalia Strich, Orit Chai, Tali Bdolah-Abram, Itamar Aroch, Efrat Kelmer
This study has retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 140 dogs sustaining road traffic accident (RTA), and has examined the population characteristics, medical history, injury type, physical examination, emergency laboratory tests and radiography findings, the animal trauma triage (ATT) score, the length of hospitalisation, the complications and the outcome. The survival rate was 83.2 per cent. Younger dogs sustained more frequently lung contusions and limb fractures, while larger dogs more frequently suffered limb fractures, and smaller dogs and older ones sustained more frequently pelvic fractures and sacroiliac luxation (P<0...
December 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249534/preexisting-psychiatric-illness-worsens-acute-care-outcomes-after-orthopaedic-trauma-in-obese-patients
#13
Heather K Vincent, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Laura Ann Zdziarski-Horodyski, Kalia K Sadasivan, Jennifer Hagen, Robert Guenther, JoAnna McClelland, MaryBeth Horodyski
PURPOSE: Pre-existing psychiatric illness, illicit drug use, and alcohol abuse adversely impact patients with orthopaedic trauma injuries. Obesity is an independent factor associated with poorer clinical outcomes and discharge disposition, and higher hospital resource use. It is not known whether interactions exist between pre-existing illness, illicit drug use and obesity on acute trauma care outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cohort study is from orthopaedic trauma patients prospectively measured over 10 years (N = 6353)...
December 12, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244969/treatment-of-open-upper-limb-injuries-with-infection-prevention-and-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-a-systematic-review
#14
E Ali, M Raghuvanshi
OBJECTIVE: Open upper limb injuries requiring soft reconstruction can pose a dilemma for trauma surgeons when considering the treatment options. The British Orthopaedic Association and British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons Standard for Trauma (BOAST) have addressed the management of severe open lower limb fractures with the creation of the BOAST 4 guidelines. However, no such gold standard exists for the treatment of open injuries of the upper limb. Furthermore, treatment of these injuries is often more difficult and requires complicated strategies...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241361/clinical-and-radiological-outcomes-comparing-percutaneous-chevron-akin-osteotomies-vs-open-scarf-akin-osteotomies-for-hallux-valgus
#15
Mun Chun Lai, Inderjeet Singh Rikhraj, Yew Lok Woo, William Yeo, Yung Chuan Sean Ng, Kevin Koo
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgeries have gained popularity due to less soft tissue trauma and better wound healing. To date, limited studies have compared the outcomes of percutaneous and open osteotomies. This study aims to investigate the clinical and radiological outcomes of percutaneous chevron-Akin osteotomies vs open scarf-Akin osteotomies at 24-month follow-up. METHOD: We reviewed a prospectively collected database in a tertiary hospital hallux valgus registry...
December 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241339/a-novel-model-for-a-hub-and-spoke-spinal-service-and-improvements-in-the-treatment-of-spinal-pathology-in-a-rural-hospital-setting
#16
Erden Ali, Andrew Macdowell, Thomas Pagonis
INTRODUCTION:   We present a unique pathway for care aimed specifically at spinal patients. As a result of the shift of the spoke direction from the existing hub-and-spoke model, patient care is being redirected successfully with great benefit to a rural department. Within the rural community, it is the spoke that is the main locality to which patients present and at which they are treated. Subspecialty procurement is often more central and located in tertiary referral centres outside of a rural position...
December 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240612/extracellular-matrix-applications-in-the-treatment-of-open-fractures-with-complex-wounds-and-large-soft-tissue-defects
#17
Alexander A Fokin, Ivan Puente, Nir Huss, Eugenio Rodriguez, Russell D Weisz
Use of biologic scaffolds such as extracellular matrix (ECM) is a promising 4 trend in the treatment of complex wounds in orthopaedic trauma patients.In this clinical series we describe the technique of the successful application of porcine urinary bladder ECM products in the treatment of open fractures of the extremities with complex wounds and large soft tissue defects. The clinical outcomes demonstrated that even in challenging cases where local flap coverage of bone or neurovascular structures is not possible, sequential xenograft implantation allowed us to achieve a stable soft tissue envelope...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232728/-conjunction-of-orthopaedic-and-trauma-surgery-the-leipzig-model-three-years-experiences-of-o%C3%A2-%C3%A2-u%C3%A2-%C3%A2-p-at-the-university-hospital-leipzig
#18
Christoph Eckhard Heyde, Pierre Hepp, Andreas Roth, Stefan Langer, Christoph Josten
The establishment and implementation of the combined specialisation of orthopaedic and trauma surgery in daily routine was and still is a huge challenge for all stakeholders. In recent years, major efforts have been made by the professional associations, the specialty societies and all parties involved in the implementation of this project. Basically, there is no general recipe for the implementation of such a concept. For each centre or clinic, the local structural, professional and historical circumstances must be meticulously taken into account when considering implementation of this concept...
December 12, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231243/neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-nmes-for-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome
#19
REVIEW
Ana Luiza C Martimbianco, Maria Regina Torloni, Brenda Ng Andriolo, Gustavo Jm Porfírio, Rachel Riera
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral pain syndrome, now generally referred to as patellofemoral pain (PFP), is one of the most common orthopaedic disorders, characterised by pain in the anterior or retropatellar knee region. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) has been proposed generally as a complementary treatment, associated with other interventions such as exercise, or as a single treatment to increase muscle force, reduce knee pain, and improve function. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of neuromuscular electrical stimulation for people with patellofemoral pain...
December 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229219/computer-assisted-navigation-for-intramedullary-nail-fixation-of-intertrochanteric-femur-fractures-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Ryan J Lilly, Denise M Koueiter, Kelly C Graner, Gregory P Nowinski, Jason Sadowski, Kevin D Grant
INTRODUCTION: Lag screw cutout is one of the most commonly reported complications following intramedullary nail fixation of intertrochanteric femur fractures. However, its occurrence can be minimized by a well-positioned implant, with a short Tip-to-Apex Distance (TAD). Computer-assisted navigation systems provide surgeons with the ability to track screw placement in real-time. This could allow for improved lag screw placement and potentially reduce radiation exposure to the patient and surgeon...
December 7, 2017: Injury
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