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trauma orthopaedic

Richard J Napier, Brendan J Gallagher, Darrin S Wilson
Background: The 1994 Northern Ireland ceasefire heralded a new beginning for the region after 30-years of violence. In the 20-years following the cessation of hostilities, paramilitary punishment attacks continue to occur in breach of the ceasefire. The aim of this study was to review trends in these attacks over the 20-years and their impact on orthopaedic services. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of patients admitted under orthopaedic services following paramilitary assault across Northern Ireland over the last 20-years...
May 2017: Ulster Medical Journal
T Liu, F L Bao, S J Kang, T Jiang, D S Huang, W Gao, L J Geng, Y M Hu
Objective: To explore a standard procedure for the treatment of combined dorsal and palmar internal fixation for complex four part distal radius fractures and assess its clinical results. Methods: From May 2009 to October 2016, 38 patients(39 sides)who suffered from complex four part distal radius fractures were performed operatively with open reduction and internal fixation via combined dorsal and palmar approach in Department of Orthopaedic Trauma, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University(Qingdao). The series included 22 males(22 sides) and 16 females(17 sides)...
March 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Lester W M Chan, Antony W Gardner, Merng Koon Wong, Kenon Chua, Ernest B K Kwek
INTRODUCTION: Non-prosthetic peri-implant fractures (NPPIFs) are an under-reported entity. Management is challenging because of alterations in anatomy, the presence of orthopaedic implants and phenomena such as stress shielding, disuse osteopenia and fracture remodeling. The aims of this paper were to review patterns of injury, management and outcomes and to propose a classification system to aid further research. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a multi-centered retrospective case series...
March 12, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Christian Jung, Lena Tepohl, Reina Tholen, Knut Beitzel, Stefan Buchmann, Thomas Gottfried, Casper Grim, Bettina Mauch, Gert Krischak, Hans Ortmann, Christian Schoch, Frieder Mauch
Background: Tears and lesions of the rotator cuff are a frequent cause of shoulder pain and disability. Surgical repair of the rotator cuff is a valuable procedure to improve shoulder function and decrease pain. However, there is no consensus concerning the rehabilitation protocol following surgery. Objectives: To review and evaluate current rehabilitation contents and protocols after rotator cuff repair by reviewing the existing scientific literature and providing an overview of the clinical practice of selected German Society of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery e...
2018: Obere Extremität
Kolja Gelse, Peter Angele, Peter Behrens, Peter Brucker, Jakob Fay, Daniel Günther, Peter Kreuz, Jörg Lützner, Henning Madry, Peter E Müller, Philipp Niemeyer, Geert Pagenstert, Thomas Tischer, Markus Walther, Wolfgang Zinser, Gunter Spahn
BACKGROUND: In clinical practice, there is still no definite treatment algorithm for focal, partial thickness cartilage lesions (grade II - III). It is well-established that debridement (shaving/lavage) of large degenerative cartilage lesions is not recommended, but there is no such recommendation in the case of focal, partial thickness cartilage defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The scientific rationale of cartilage shaving and joint lavage was investigated and a systematic analysis was performed of the literature on the clinical effect of cartilage debridement...
March 9, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Jasmina Sterz, Vanessa Britz, Matthias Münzberg, Martina Kadmon, Iris Schleicher, Adrian Meder, Rainer Kamp, Maren Janko, Ingo Marzi, Miriam Rüsseler
BACKGROUND: The national competence-based catalogue of learning-goals in surgery (NKLC) defines competence levels for each of its 230 goals, including "competence level in 1: factual knowledge" up to "competence level 3: independent action". Aside from the cumulative examinations influencing the learning behaviour of students, those teaching targets do not affect the second state examination. This study analyses the extent to which the questions of the German second medical licensing examination compiled by the IMPP (central German institute for medical and pharmaceutical examinations) are congruent with the trauma-surgical and orthopaedic learning goals in the NKLC, in which this thematic focus is emphasised...
March 9, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Brett D Crist, Troy D Pashuck
OBJECTIVES: To determine the reliability of a condensed computer-based condensed patient-centered outcome score system versus multiple standard uncondensed validated outcome scores used in orthopaedic trauma. DESIGN: Prospective SETTING:: Level I trauma centerPatients/Participants: One hundred patients older than 18 years with various orthopaedic injuries were evaluated at a Level I trauma clinic. INTERVENTION: Study participants were randomly assigned to complete the paper-based and computer-based versions of the EQ-5D and Musculoskeletal Functional Assessment (MFA) at different times during the same visit...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
D S G Scrimgeour, J Higgins, V Bucknall, R Arnett, C R Featherstone, J Cleland, A J Lee, P A Brennan
PURPOSE: The role that human factors (HF) play in contributing to medical error is increasingly being recognised by healthcare professionals. Surprisingly, much less is known about the possible effects of HF including boredom, fatigue and organisational influences, on performance outside of the clinical environment such as examining or assessing candidates in other high stakes situations. METHODS: The authors used a validated 38 response questionnaire based around the HF analysis and classification system (HFACS) to assess factors including stress and pressure, care and support and working within the rules for surgeon interviewers at the UK national trainee selection process in Trauma and Orthopaedic surgery...
March 5, 2018: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
Mohit Bajaj, Giorgio Stefanutti, Haemish Crawford, Vipul Upadhyay
AIM: Pelvic fractures constitute between 0.3% and 4% of all paediatric injuries, with a mortality rate up to 25%. This study aims to review the experience with pelvic fractures at Starship Children's Hospital and demonstrate its role as a marker of severe trauma. METHODS: A retrospective review of children with pelvic fractures managed at our institution in the 20-year period between July 1995 and May 2015 was performed. The search identified 179 consecutive children admitted with a pelvic fracture...
March 9, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
Tyson Green, Steven Kavros, Steve Springer, David Drez, Matthew McCabe, Jared Gremillion
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: JBJS Reviews
L Bause, A Niemeier, V Krenn
The German Society of Orthopaedic Rheumatology (DGORh) honored Prof. Dr. med. Veit Krenn (MVZ-ZHZMD-Trier) with the Arthur Vick Prize 2017. With this award, scientific results with high impact on the diagnosis, therapy and pathogenetic understanding of rheumatic diseases are honored. In cooperation with pathologists and colleagues from various clinical disciplines Prof. Dr. med. Veit Krenn developed several histopathologic scoring systems which contribute to the diagnosis and pathogenetic understanding of degenerative and rheumatic diseases...
March 5, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
Volkan Gurkan, Ozgur Erdogan
Foot and ankle osteoid osteomas (OOs) are often cancellous or subperiosteal and rarely present with a periosteal reaction. Additionally, the large number of disorders included in the differential diagnosis and the nonspecific findings on radiographs complicate the diagnosis. We performed a manual search of the senior surgeon's hospitals' operating room records for the terms "benign bone tumor," "foot," "ankle," and "osteoid osteoma" from January 2003 until December 2014...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Elizabeth W Hubbard, Anthony I Riccio
The management of pediatric fractures has evolved over the past several decades, and many injuries that were previously being managed nonoperatively are now being treated surgically. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons has developed clinical guidelines to help guide decision making and streamline patient care for certain injuries, but many topics remain controversial. This article analyzes the evidence regarding management of 5 of the most common and controversial injuries in pediatric orthopedics today...
April 2018: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
Mustafa S Rashid
Following publication of the original article [1], the corresponding author wrote to say that he had missed the names of some of the collaborators in the list he sent to the typesetters. In addition, there was a spelling error in one of the author's names: instead of Nagriz Seyidova it should read Nargiz Seyidova. The complete list of collaborators is as follows.
February 22, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Hannah Hughes, Andrew Hughes, Colin Murphy
Aim Social media (SoMe) platforms have become leading methods of communication and dissemination of scientific information in the medical community. They allow for immediate discussion and widespread engagement around important topics. It has been hypothesized that the activity on Twitter positively correlates with highly cited articles. The purpose of this study was to analyze the prevalence and activity of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery journals on Twitter, with the hypothesis that the impact factor is positively associated with the Twitter usage...
December 10, 2017: Curēus
Benjamin W Hoyt, Gabriel J Pavey, Benjamin K Potter, Jonathan A Forsberg
Heterotopic ossification, the formation of bone in soft tissues, is a common complication of the high-energy extremity trauma sustained in modern armed conflict. In the past 15 years, military treatment facilities and aligned laboratories have been in a unique position to study and treat this process due to the high volume of patients with these injuries secondary to blast trauma. The devastating nature of these wounds has limited traditional therapeutic options, necessitating alternative solutions to prophylaxis and initial treatment producing substantial advances in modeling, prophylaxis, detection, and therapy...
February 17, 2018: Bone
Philip Myers, Patrick Laboe, Kory J Johnson, Peter D Fredericks, Renn J Crichlow, Dean C Maar, Timothy G Weber
OBJECTIVES: To estimate 1-year mortality rates in elderly patients who undergo operative treatment for distal femur fractures and identify potential risk factors for mortality. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Level 1 and Level 2 trauma centers. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred eighty-three elderly patients (average age 76.0 years ± 9.8) who sustained distal femur fractures between 2002 and 2012. INTERVENTION: Fracture fixation of the distal femur...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
William T Obremskey, Thomas F Higgins, Janet Pryu Bettger, Mark S Vrahas, Douglas W Lundy
Over 100 years ago, the orthopaedic surgeon, Ernest Codman, recommended that surgeons and hospitals be paid by the "end result." Healthcare Reform is moving to value over volume, and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are 1 measure of quality and outcomes that are becoming pervasive. In this study, the current status of patient-reported outcomes and their use in orthopaedic trauma was reviewed. The contributors presented the state of PRO measurements at the Basic Science Focus Forum at the OTA Annual Meeting in 2016...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Todd O McKinley, Jean-Claude DʼAlleyrand, Ian Valerio, Seth Schoebel, Kevin Tetsworth, Eric A Elster
In 16 years of conflict, primarily in Iraq and Afghanistan, wounded warriors have primarily been subjected to blast type of injuries. Evacuation strategies have led to unprecedented survival rates in blast-injured soldiers, resulting in large numbers of wounded warriors with complex limb trauma. Bone and soft tissue defects have resulted in increased use of complex reconstructive algorithms to restore limbs and function. In addition, in failed salvage attempts, advances in amputation options are being developed...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Todd O McKinley, Greg E Gaski, Yoram Vodovotz, Benjamin T Corona, Timothy R Billiar
Multiply injured patients with severe extremity trauma are at risk of acute systemic complications and are at high risk of developing longer term orthopaedic complications including soft-tissue infection, osteomyelitis, posttraumatic osteoarthritis, and nonunion. It is becoming increasingly recognized that injury magnitude and response to injury have major jurisdiction pertaining to patient outcomes and complications. The complexities of injury and injury response that affect outcomes present opportunities to apply precision approaches to understand and quantify injury magnitude and injury response on a patient-specific basis...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
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