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trauma orthopaedic

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915523/-biologic-reconstruction-of-full-sized-cartilage-defects-of-the-hip-a-guideline-from-the-dgou-group-clinical-tissue-regeneration-and-the-hip-committee-of-the-aga
#1
Stefan Fickert, Matthias Aurich, Dirk Albrecht, Peter Angele, Lorenz Büchler, Michael Dienst, Christoph Erggelet, Jürgen Fritz, Christoph Gebhart, Hans Gollwitzer, Moritz Kindler, Christoph Lampert, Henning Madry, Gregor Möckel, Phillip Niemeyer, Jörg Schröder, Christian Sobau, Gunter Spahn, Wolfgang Zinser, Stefan Landgraeber
Background Symptomatic pre-arthritic deformities such as femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) or hip dysplasia often lead to localised cartilage defects and subsequently to osteoarthritis. The present review of the working group "Clinical Tissue Regeneration" of the German Society of Orthopaedics and Trauma (DGOU) and the hip committee of the AGA (German speaking Society for Arthroscopy and Joint Surgery) provides an overview of current knowledge of the diagnosis and surgical treatment of cartilage defects, in order to infer appropriate therapy recommendations for the hip...
September 15, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913381/is-it-fractured-or-broken-a-patient-survey-study-to-assess-injury-comprehension-after-orthopaedic-trauma
#2
Mohammad Ghorbanhoseini, Matthew D Riedel, Tyler Gonzalez, Poopak Hafezi, John Y Kwon
BACKGROUND: Patients who sustain orthopaedic trauma in the form of fractures commonly ask treating providers whether the bone is "fractured" or "broken". While orthopaedic surgeons consider these terms synonymous, patients appear to comprehend the terms as having different meanings. Given the commonality of this frequently posed question, it may be important for providers to assess patients' level of understanding in order to provide optimal care. The purpose of this study is to evaluate patients' comprehension and understanding regarding the use of the terms fractured and broken...
July 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911888/postoperative-imaging-of-orthopaedic-hardware-in-the-hand-and-wrist-is-there-an-added-value-for-tomosynthesis
#3
A De Silvestro, K Martini, A S Becker, T D L Kim-Nguyen, R Guggenberger, M Calcagni, T Frauenfelder
AIM: To prospectively investigate digital tomosynthesis (DTS) as an alternative to digital radiography (DR) for postoperative imaging of orthopaedic hardware after trauma or arthrodesis in the hand and wrist. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six consecutive patients (12 female, median age 36 years, range 19-86 years) were included in this institutional review board approved clinical trial. Imaging was performed with DTS in dorso-palmar projection and DR was performed in dorso-palmar, lateral, and oblique views...
September 11, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904652/-role-of-trauma-damage-control-orthopaedic-in-polytraumas-a-case-of-pelvic-disjunction-associated-with-hip-dislocation-with-vascular-injury
#4
Tarik Madani, El Mehdi El Alouani, Younes Mhammdi, Mohammed Kharmaz, Mohamed El Ouadghiri, Abdou Lahlou, Lamrani Moulay Omar, Ahmed El Bardouni, Mustapha Mahfoud, Mohamed Saleh Berrada
The knowledge of the pathophysiology of patients with severe trauma and the hemodynamic and inflammatory consequences of initial surgical management has led many surgeons to change their approach to the treatment of patients with severe polytraumas associated with lesions of the pelvis or of limbs by integrating the principles of sequential treatment or Trauma Damage Control Orthopaedic (TDCO). We report the case of a patient involved in a public road accident, admitted to hospital in a state of shock with pelvic disjunction and hip dislocation complicated by vascular injury in the same limb...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898722/influence-of-gamma-and-electron-beam-sterilization-on-the-stability-of-a-premixed-injectable-calcium-phosphate-cement-for-trauma-indications
#5
Kieran A Murray, Maurice N Collins, Regina P O'Sullivan, Guang Ren, Declan M Devine, Alan Murphy, Jarosław Sadło, Carol O'Sullivan, Brian McEvoy, Olivier Vrain, Cathriona O'Neill, Gerard Insley
Premixed calcium phosphate cements (CPC's) are becoming the material of choice for injectable cements as a result of their effective delivery to the target implantation site. For orthopaedic use, it is of vital importance that the attributes of these CPC's are not compromised by irradiation sterilization. Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine the influence of irradiation sterilization on a range of premixed CPC's, with an emphasis on improving product shelf life through the use of optimal packaging configurations and annealing steps...
September 5, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893227/damage-control-surgery-experiences-from-a-level-i-trauma-center
#6
Bernhard Gasser, Thomas M Tiefenboeck, Sandra Boesmueller, Danijel Kivaranovic, Adam Bukaty, Patrick Platzer
BACKGROUND: There is still no evidence in literature for damage control orthopaedics (DCO), early total care (ETC) or using external fixation solely in fractures of the long bones in multi-system-trauma. The aim of this study was to determine parameters influencing the choice of treatment in clinical routine (DCO, ETC, or EF) in femoral or tibial shaft fractures in combination with multi-system-trauma, severe soft tissue damage or both. METHODS: Data of 236 patients with 280 fractures of long bones of the lower extremities treated at a level I trauma center were analysed...
September 11, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888718/the-frail-fail-increased-mortality-and-post-operative-complications-in-orthopaedic-trauma-patients
#7
CatPhuong Cathy L Vu, Robert P Runner, William M Reisman, Mara L Schenker
OBJECTIVE: The burgeoning elderly population calls for a robust tool to identify patients with increased risk of mortality and morbidity. This paper investigates the utility of the MFI as a predictor of morbidity and mortality in orthopaedic trauma patients. DESIGN: Retrospective review of the NSQIP database to identify patients age 60 and above who underwent surgery for pelvis and lower extremity fractures between 2005 and 2014. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: For each patient, an MFI score was calculated using NSQIP variables...
August 18, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882905/cost-comparison-of-orthopaedic-fracture-pathways-using-discrete-event-simulation-in-a-glasgow-hospital
#8
Gillian H Anderson, Paul J Jenkins, David A McDonald, Robert Van Der Meer, Alec Morton, Margaret Nugent, Lech A Rymaszewski
OBJECTIVE: Healthcare faces the continual challenge of improving outcome while aiming to reduce cost. The aim of this study was to determine the micro cost differences of the Glasgow non-operative trauma virtual pathway in comparison to a traditional pathway. DESIGN: Discrete event simulation was used to model and analyse cost and resource utilisation with an activity-based costing approach. Data for a full comparison before the process change was unavailable so we used a modelling approach, comparing a virtual fracture clinic (VFC) with a simulated traditional fracture clinic (TFC)...
September 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882380/differences-between-orthopaedic-evaluation-and-radiological-reports-of-conventional-radiographs-in-patients-with-minor-trauma-admitted-to-the-emergency-department
#9
Michele Catapano, Domenico Albano, Grazia Pozzi, Riccardo Accetta, Sergio Memoria, Fabrizio Pregliasco, Carmelo Messina, Luca Maria Sconfienza
INTRODUCTION: During night and on weekends, in our emergency department there is no radiologist on duty or on call: thus, X-ray examinations (XR) are evaluated by the orthopaedic surgeon on duty and reported the following morning/monday by radiologists. The aim of our study was to examine the discrepancy rate between orthopaedists and radiologists in the interpretation of imaging examinations performed on patients in our tertiary level orthopaedic institution and the consequences of delayed diagnosis in terms of patient management and therapeutic strategy...
September 1, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879556/we-are-operating-too-much
#10
EDITORIAL
Nicola Maffulli
With the increase of superspecialisation, there has been a recent trend for a rising number of operations for both trauma and orthopaedic ailments. This flies against the results of properly planned, well performed, adequately powered, with clinically relevant outcome measures and long enough follow-up level I studies which challenge the received wisdom that surgery is actually superior to conservative management or even supervised neglect. This editorial outlines some of these issues, and suggests that orthopaedic and trauma surgeons should actually think twice before operating on anything that comes our way...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876277/improving-pain-management-and-long-term-outcomes-following-high-energy-orthopaedic-trauma-pain-study-erratum
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876146/effects-of-concomitant-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-on-resuming-work-after-suffering-from-an-isolated-limb-fracture-a-cohort-study
#12
Marianne Jodoin, Dominique M Rouleau, Camille Larson-Dupuis, Benoit Benoit, Stéphane Leduc, G-Yves Laflamme, Nadia Gosselin, Meriem Sabir, Louis De Beaumont
BACKGROUND: The objective is to explore the effects of concomitant mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) on return to work (RTW), among patients suffering from an isolated limb fracture. This follow-up study included a total of 170 working age subjects with an isolated limb fracture, and was conducted in a phone interview approximately 1-year post trauma. 41 had experienced an mTBI and 129 did not. METHODS: Data were obtained through a phone interview conducted on average 20...
September 6, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872535/the-opportunity-awaits-to-lead-orthopaedic-telehealth-innovation-aoa-critical-issues
#13
Montri D Wongworawat, Gary Capistrant, John M Stephenson
Telehealth is a way to provide health-care services to a patient from a provider who is at another location. The most common methods include a live interactive visit with the patient, interpretation of imaging, and monitoring of patient progress. Principally, telehealth is a way of providing a service rather than a type of service. It is about patient care, not data care.Examples of orthopaedic applications include conducting patient examinations, interpreting imaging studies, and providing postoperative care...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870622/how-can-we-influence-the-incidence-of-secondary-fragility-fractures-a-review-on-current-approaches
#14
H-C Pape, H A Bischoff-Ferrari
With the increasing number of elderly patients presenting with fragility fractures, their care has become a focus among trauma and orthopaedic surgeons. Protocols are ever evolving to improve the clinical pathways and treatment modalities targeting a more efficient and patient centred service. In this article, current approaches and their potential to reduce mortality and re-fracture in these patients are discussed.
September 1, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864264/a-self-reported-needs-assessment-survey-of-pediatric-orthopaedic-education-in-haiti
#15
Rameez A Qudsi, Heather J Roberts, Abhiram R Bhashyam, Elena Losina, Donald S Bae, Francel Alexis, George S Dyer
OBJECTIVE: The burden of musculoskeletal disease remains high in low-income countries, with a high rate of pediatric disease. Efforts continue for orthopedic education, but there is little guidance on local needs and desires. Our aim was to determine the specific content and modalities that would be most useful for pediatric orthopedic educational programs abroad, and we demonstrate a practical method of identifying country-specific educational deficits through a self-reported needs survey in Haiti...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842362/determinants-of-short-term-fracture-risk-in-patients-with-a-recent-history-of-low-trauma-non-vertebral-fracture
#16
Aude Deloumeau, Anna Moltó, Christian Roux, Karine Briot
Low-trauma fractures tend to cluster in time, and subsequent fractures have a role in increased morbidity and mortality in osteoporotic patients. The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors of short-term subsequent non-vertebral fracture (NVF). Patients were included from the Fracture Liaison Service (FLS) which provides assessment for osteoporosis to all in-hospital patients admitted for a low-trauma NVF in the Orthopaedics department. Location and date of occurrence of previous fractures, risk factors for osteoporosis and falls were collected...
August 22, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837980/-chances-and-risks-of-telemedicine-in-orthopaedics-and-trauma-surgery
#17
Martin Holderried, Madeleine Schlipf, Ansgar Höper, Reinhard Meier, Ulrich Stöckle, Tobias Maximilian Kraus
Background The use of information technology (IT) in health care has continuously increased. This includes software solutions for digitalisation, data storage and innovative approaches in diagnostics. The facilitation of the access to specific information, even by the patient, has changed daily clinical work. Patients inform themselves about symptoms, diagnostic methods and treatment options. This urge for information and the wish for the best treatment is summarised in the expression "patient empowerment"...
August 24, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832389/prospective-evaluation-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-depression-in-orthopaedic-injury-patients-with-and-without-concomitant-traumatic-brain-injury
#18
Kenleigh Roden-Foreman, Jaicus Solis, Alan Jones, Monica Bennett, Jacob W Roden-Foreman, Evan E Rainey, Michael L Foreman, Ann Marie Warren
OBJECTIVES: Psychological morbidities after injury [eg, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression] are increasingly recognized as a significant determinant of overall outcome. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) negatively impacts outcomes of patients with orthopaedic injury, but the association of concurrent TBI, orthopaedic injury, and symptoms of PTSD and depression has not been examined. This study's objective was to examine symptoms of PTSD and depression in patients with orthopaedic trauma with and without TBI...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832388/general-health-status-after-nonoperative-versus-operative-treatment-for-acute-complete-acromioclavicular-joint-dislocation-results-of-a-multicenter-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Jeffrey M Mah
OBJECTIVE: To assess the general health status of patients after nonoperative (Non-op) versus operative (OP) treatment for acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocations. DESIGN: Multicenter randomized controlled clinical trial conducted in 11 Canadian trauma centers. A total of 83 patients with acute (≤28 days old), complete (Rockwood grades III, IV, or V) dislocations of the AC joint were included in this study. INTERVENTION: Participants were randomized to Non-op treatment or OP treatment with hook plate fixation...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828063/analysis-of-pelvic-fracture-pattern-and-overall-orthopaedic-injury-burden-in-children-sustaining-pelvic-fractures-based-on-skeletal-maturity
#20
M K Shaath, K L Koury, P D Gibson, V M Lelkes, J S Hwang, J A Ippolito, M R Adams, M S Sirkin, M C Reilly
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to review pelvic fractures and concomitant orthopaedic injuries in children who have a patent triradiate cartilage (TRO) compared with children whose triradiate cartilage has closed (TRC). We hypothesise that these injuries will differ, leading to correlated alterations in management. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using a database, we retrospectively reviewed patients aged below 18 years with pelvic fractures presenting to our Level 1 trauma center...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
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