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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317001/video-based-learning-vs-traditional-lecture-for-instructing-emergency-medicine-residents-in-disaster-medicine-principles-of-mass-triage-decontamination-and-personal-protective-equipment
#1
Henry A Curtis, Karen Trang, Kevin W Chason, Paul D Biddinger
Introduction Great demands have been placed on disaster medicine educators. There is a need to develop innovative methods to educate Emergency Physicians in the ever-expanding body of disaster medicine knowledge. The authors sought to demonstrate that video-based learning (VBL) could be a promising alternative to traditional learning methods for teaching disaster medicine core competencies. Hypothesis/Problem The objective was to compare VBL to traditional lecture (TL) for instructing Emergency Medicine residents in the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP; Irving, Texas USA) disaster medicine core competencies of patient triage and decontamination...
January 10, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298082/quality-assurance-after-a-natural-disaster-lessons-from-hurricane-sandy
#2
Collin Dickerson, Yanshen Hsu, Sandra Mendoza, Iman Osman, Jennifer Ogilvie, Kepal Patel, Andre L Moreira
Biospecimen quality can vary depending on many pre- and post-collection variables. In this study, we consider a natural disaster as a post-collection variable that may have compromised the quality of frozen tissue specimens. To investigate this possible link, we compared the quality of nucleic acids, the level of antigenicity, and the preservation of histology from frozen specimens collected before and after the power outage caused by Hurricane Sandy. To analyze nucleic acid quality, we extracted both DNA and RNA and performed capillary electrophoresis to compare the quality and concentrations of the nucleic acids...
January 3, 2018: Biopreservation and Biobanking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297321/a-multiple-distributed-representation-method-based-on-neural-network-for-biomedical-event-extraction
#3
Anran Wang, Jian Wang, Hongfei Lin, Jianhai Zhang, Zhihao Yang, Kan Xu
BACKGROUND: Biomedical event extraction is one of the most frontier domains in biomedical research. The two main subtasks of biomedical event extraction are trigger identification and arguments detection which can both be considered as classification problems. However, traditional state-of-the-art methods are based on support vector machine (SVM) with massive manually designed one-hot represented features, which require enormous work but lack semantic relation among words. METHODS: In this paper, we propose a multiple distributed representation method for biomedical event extraction...
December 20, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287974/enhancing-individual-and-community-disaster-preparedness-individuals-with-disabilities-and-others-with-access-and-functional-needs
#4
Judy Kruger, Cynthia F Hinton, Lisa Bundara Sinclair, Brenda Silverman
Preparedness planning is essential to minimizing the impact of disasters on communities and individuals. Attention to the needs of people with disabilities is vital as they have additional needs before, during and after a disaster that are specific to the disabling condition. In this Commentary, we emphasize national guidelines on disability inclusion in emergency preparedness. We examine some potential areas of planning and response that need attention as suggested by preparedness data for people with self-reported disabilities (also referred to as access and functional needs) and highlight selected resources (e...
December 13, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286494/state-institution-%C3%A2-national-research-center-for-radiation-medicine-of-the-national-academy-of-medical-sciences-of-ukraine%C3%A2-research-activities-and-scientific-advance-in-2016
#5
D Bazyka, V Sushko, A Chumak, V Buzunov, V Talko, L Yanovych
Research activities and scientific advance achieved in 2016 at the State Institution «National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine» (NRCRM) concerning medical problems of the Chornobyl disaster, radiation medicine, radiobiology, radiation hygiene and epidemiology in collaboration with the WHO network of medical preparedness and assistance in radiation accidents are outlined in the annual report. The report presents the results of fundamental and applied research works of the study of radiation effects and health effects of the Chornobyl accident; fulfillment of tasks of «State social program for improving safety, occupational health and working environment in 2014-2018 years»...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277063/effect-of-the-2015-nepal-earthquakes-on-symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-among-women-who-are-pregnant
#6
Goma Kumari Khatri, Thach Duc Tran, Sushil Baral, Jane Fisher
BACKGROUND: Antenatal mental health problems are of concern globally not only because of the burden and limits to participation experienced by women but also because of risks for foetal neurocognitive development and adverse birth outcomes. The aim was to describe the indicative prevalence of and risk and protective factors for clinically-significant symptoms of antenatal common mental disorders (CMDs) among women who experienced the 2015 Nepal earthquakes during pregnancy. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study in Bhaktapur, one of 14 districts highly affected by the 2015 Nepal earthquakes...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251703/a-pilot-registry-of-trauma-surgeons-willing-and-ready-to-respond-to-disasters
#7
Daniel Grabo, Aaron Strumwasser, Kyle Remick, Susan Briggs
BACKGROUND: A well-defined means of organizing surgeons based on functional capabilities in disaster response has been lacking. We sought to create a pilot registry of surgeons, organized by functional capacities, available to respond to disasters in conjunction with the American College of Surgeons Operation Giving Back and to better understand their participation in disaster medicine training. METHODS: The authors conducted a survey of the members of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma and the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma aimed at establishing a pilot registry of qualified trauma surgeons available to respond to disasters...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236028/beyond-disaster-preparedness-building-a-resilience-oriented-workforce-for-the-future
#8
REVIEW
Jaime Madrigano, Anita Chandra, Tracy Costigan, Joie D Acosta
Enhancing citizens' and communities' resilience is critical to adapt successfully to ongoing challenges faced by communities, as well as acute shocks resulting from disasters. While significant progress has been made in this area, several research and practice gaps remain. A crucial next step to advance resilience is the development of a resilience-oriented workforce. This narrative review examines existing literature to determine key components of a resilience-oriented workforce, with a focus on organizational structures, training and education, and leadership models...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188137/listening-to-the-voices-of-the-people-community-s-assessment-of-disaster-responder-agency-performance-during-disaster-situations-in-rural-northern-ghana
#9
Stephen Apanga, Gregory Titi Addebah, Dennis Chirawurah
Introduction: In Northern Ghana, a combination of torrential rains coupled with the spilling of the Bagre dam in neighboring Burkina Faso in the past few years has resulted in perennial flooding of communities. This has often led to the National Disaster Management Organization (NADMAO) the main disaster responder agency in Ghana, being called upon to act. However affected communities have never had the opportunity to evaluate the activities of the agency. The aim of this study is therefore to assess the performance of the main responder agency by affected community members to improve on future disaster management...
September 20, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165779/resilience-to-post-traumatic-stress-among-world-trade-center-survivors-a-mixed-methods-study
#10
Lisa M Gargano, Sindhushree Hosakote, Qi Zhi, Kristine A Qureshi, Robyn R Gershon
The purpose of this study was to identify individual characteristics, behaviors, and psychosocial factors associated with symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among World Trade Center (WTC) disaster evacuation survivors. The study utilized a mixed-method design. In-depth interviews were conducted using a prepared script. PTSD was assessed using the PTSD checklist-civilian (PCL-C; a score ≥ 50 indicates probable PTSD). Thematic analysis was conducted to identify factors associated with PTSD. A purposive sample of 29 WTC evacuees was recruited using a multimodal recruitment strategy...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161394/managing-anaesthetic-provision-for-global-disasters
#11
R M Craven
The numbers of people affected by large-scale disasters has increased in recent decades. Disasters produce a huge burden of surgical morbidity at a time when the affected country is least able to respond. For this reason an international disaster response is often required. For many years this disaster response was not coordinated. The response consisted of what was available not what was needed and standards of care varied widely producing a healthcare lottery for the affected population. In recent years the World Health organisation has initiated the Emergency Medical Team programme to coordinate the response to disasters and set minimum standards for responding teams...
December 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153550/why-a-disaster-is-not-just-normal-business-ramped-up-disaster-response-among-ed-nurses
#12
Karen S Hammad, Paul Arbon, Kristine Gebbie, Alison Hutton
BACKGROUND: The emergency department (ED) is a familiar place for the emergency nurse who spends their working days inside it. A disaster threatens that familiarity and creates changes that make working in the ED during a disaster response different from the everyday experience of working in the ED. METHODS: This research reports on an aspect of the findings from a larger study about the experience of working as a nurse in the ED during a disaster response. Thirteen nurses from 8 different countries were interviewed about their experience...
November 15, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151402/difference-in-first-aid-activity-during-mass-casualty-training-based-on-having-taken-an-educational-course
#13
Youichi Yanagawa, Kazuhiko Omori, Kouhei Ishikawa, Ikuto Takeuchi, Kei Jitsuiki, Toshihiko Yoshizawa, Jun Sato, Hideyuki Matsumoto, Masaru Tsuchiya, Hiromichi Osaka
BACKGROUND: The Japanese Association for Disaster Medicine developed a mass casualty life support (MCLS) course to improve cooperation among medical practitioners during a disaster, which is essential for reducing the rates of preventable disaster death. We investigated whether there was difference in first aid activity among members of the ambulance service during mass casualty training based on having taken the MCLS course. METHODS: Mass casualty training was held at the fire department of Numazu City...
November 20, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136338/the-perspectives-of-medical-specialists-from-different-disciplines-on-the-management-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-an-interview-study
#14
David J Tunnicliffe, Davinder Singh-Grewal, Jonathan C Craig, Shilpanjali Jesudason, Peter Tugwell, Ming-Wei Lin, Sean G O'Neill, Daniel Sumpton, Allison Tong
OBJECTIVES: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex autoimmune disease that can affect multiple organ systems, with specialists from many disciplines often involved, which may lead to inconsistent care. We aimed to describe the attitudes and perspectives of specialists from different medical disciplines on the management of people with SLE. METHODS: Face-to-face, semi-structured interviews were conducted with rheumatologists (n=16), nephrologists (n=16), and immunologists (n=11) providing care to adults with SLE from 19 centers across Australia in 2015...
November 14, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136270/60-seconds-to-survival-a-pilot-study-of-a-disaster-triage-video-game-for-prehospital-providers
#15
Mark X Cicero, Travis Whitfill, Kevin Munjal, Manu Madhok, Maria Carmen G Diaz, Daniel J Scherzer, Barbara M Walsh, Angela Bowen, Michael Redlener, Scott A Goldberg, Nadine Symons, James Burkett, Joseph C Santos, David Kessler, Ryan N Barnicle, Geno Paesano, Marc A Auerbach
INTRODUCTION: Disaster triage training for emergency medical service (EMS) providers is not standardized. Simulation training is costly and time-consuming. In contrast, educational video games enable low-cost and more time-efficient standardized training. We hypothesized that players of the video game "60 Seconds to Survival" (60S) would have greater improvements in disaster triage accuracy compared to control subjects who did not play 60S. METHODS: Participants recorded their demographics and highest EMS training level and were randomized to play 60S (intervention) or serve as controls...
April 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091047/instrumental-sensing-of-trace-volatiles-a-new-promising-tool-for-detecting-the-presence-of-entrapped-or-hidden-people
#16
Paweł Mochalski, Vera Ruzsanyi, Helmut Wiesenhofer, Christopher A Mayhew
There is a growing demand for rapid analytical systems for detecting the presence of humans who are either entrapped as a result of a disaster or in particular hidden, as in the case of smuggling or trafficking. The trafficking and smuggling of people to Europe have reached epidemic proportions in recent years. This does not only put a major strain on European resources, but puts at risk the health and lives of the people being trafficked or smuggled. In this context, the early detection and interception of smuggled/trafficked people is of particular importance in terms of saving migrants from life-threatening situations...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074280/premature-brain-aging-in-humans-exposed-to-maternal-nutrient-restriction-during-early-gestation
#17
Katja Franke, Christian Gaser, Susanne R de Rooij, Matthias Schwab, Tessa J Roseboom
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to undernutrition is widespread in both developing and industrialized countries, causing irreversible damage to the developing brain, resulting in altered brain structure and decreased cognitive function during adulthood. The Dutch famine in 1944/45 was a humanitarian disaster, now enabling studies of the effects of prenatal undernutrition during gestation on brain aging in late adulthood. METHODS: We hypothesized that study participants prenatally exposed to maternal nutrient restriction (MNR) would demonstrate altered brain structure resembling premature brain aging in late adulthood, expecting the effect being stronger in men...
October 23, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070085/the-south-dakota-model-health-care-professions-student-disaster-preparedness-and-deployment-training
#18
Matt P Owens, Cheri Buffington, Michael P Frost, Randall J Waldner
OBJECTIVE: The Association of American Medical Colleges recommended an increase in medical education for public health emergencies, bioterrorism, and weapons of mass destruction in 2003. The University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine (USD SSOM) implemented a 1-day training event to provide disaster preparedness training and deployment organization for health professions students called Disaster Training Day (DTD). METHODS: Hospital staff and emergency medical services personnel provided the lecture portion of DTD using Core Disaster Life Support (CDLS; National Disaster Life Support Foundation) as the framework...
October 26, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064115/living-with-disasters-social-capital-for-disaster-governance
#19
Maria de Lourdes Melo Zurita, Brian Cook, Dana C Thomsen, Paul G Munro, Timothy F Smith, John Gallina
This paper explores how social networks and bonds within and across organisations shape disaster operations and strategies. Local government disaster training exercises serve as a window through which to view these relations, and 'social capital' is used as an analytic for making sense of the human relations at the core of disaster management operations. These elements help to expose and substantiate the often intangible relations that compose the culture that exists, and that is shaped by preparations for disasters...
October 24, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051136/using-google-glass-in-nonsurgical-medical-settings-systematic-review
#20
Bryn Dougherty, Sherif M Badawy
BACKGROUND: Wearable technologies provide users hands-free access to computer functions and are becoming increasingly popular on both the consumer market and in various industries. The medical industry has pioneered research and implementation of head-mounted wearable devices, such as Google Glass. Most of this research has focused on surgical interventions; however, other medical fields have begun to explore the potential of this technology to support both patients and clinicians. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to systematically evaluate the feasibility, usability, and acceptability of using Google Glass in nonsurgical medical settings and to determine the benefits, limitations, and future directions of its application...
October 19, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
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