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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635439/social-and-occupational-factors-associated-with-psychological-wellbeing-among-occupational-groups-affected-by-disaster-a-systematic-review
#1
Samantha K Brooks, Rebecca Dunn, Richard Amlôt, G James Rubin, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: The psychological impact of disasters has been well-documented; less attention has been paid to factors affecting the wellbeing of those exposed to disasters as occupational groups. AIMS: To conduct a systematic literature review identifying social and occupational factors affecting the wellbeing of disaster-exposed employees; to use these factors to identify recommendations for potential interventions. METHOD: Four electronic literature databases were searched; reference lists of relevant papers were hand-searched...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626126/conduct-of-occupational-health-during-major-disasters-a-comparison-of-literature-on-occupational-health-issues-in-the-world-trade-center-terrorist-attack-and-the-fukushima-nuclear-power-plant-accident
#2
Hiroyuki Toyoda, Koji Mori
Workers who respond to large-scale disasters can be exposed to health hazards that do not exist in routine work. It is assumed that learning from past cases is effective for preparing for and responding to such problems, but published information is still insufficient. Accordingly, we conducted a literature review about the health issues and occupational health activities at the World Trade Center (WTC) terrorist attack and at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant accident to investigate how occupational health activities during disasters should be conducted...
2017: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625230/health-care-student-knowledge-and-willingness-to-work-in-infectious-disease-outbreaks
#3
Rima Patel, Kapil Wattamwar, Jaya Kanduri, Meghan Nahass, Jennifer Yoon, Justin Oh, Parth Shukla, Clifton R Lacy
OBJECTIVE: Health care workers are critical first responders. Understanding which factors motivate their willingness to work (WTW) during infectious disease outbreaks may guide improvements in preparedness. The perspective of health care students, the future workforce, remains largely unexplored. This study compared factors influencing WTW among medical, nursing, and pharmacy students. METHODS: A printed survey was administered to 631 medical, nursing, and pharmacy students...
June 19, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612689/evaluation-of-flood-preparedness-in-government-healthcare-facilities-in-eastern-province-sri-lanka
#4
Jessica M Farley, Inoka Suraweera, W L S P Perera, Jeremy Hess, Kristie L Ebi
BACKGROUND: Sri Lanka is vulnerable to floods and other hydro-meteorological disasters. Climate change is projected to increase the intensity of these events. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the flood preparedness in healthcare facilities in Eastern Province. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive, mixed methods study conducted in Trincomalee District. Surveys were conducted in 31 government healthcare facilities, using a pre-tested, structured questionnaire covering the last 5 years...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610649/enhancing-resiliency-for-elderly-populations-shelter-in-place-planning-and-training-at-facilities-serving-elderly-populations-through-the-rhode-island-senior-resiliency-project
#5
Richard Smith, Michael Mozzer, Joseph Albanese, James Paturas, Julia Gold
Elderly populations are disproportionately affected by disasters. In part, this is true because for many older adults, special assistance is needed to mitigate the consequences of disasters on their health and wellbeing. In addition, many older adults may reside in diverse living complexes such as long-term care facilities, assisted living facilities and independent-living senior housing complexes. Planning for each type of facility is different and the unique features of these facilities must be considered to develop readiness to deal with disasters...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610644/gaining-efficiency-by-centralising-the-corporate-business-resiliency-process
#6
Robert Martinez
Organisations have compiled many business continuity plans over the years in response to uncontrollable events and natural disasters. As the types of threats increase, even more plans are being created. Unfortunately, many corporations do not communicate the existence of these various plans outside of their centre of excellence. Creating a centralised oversight of your business resiliency process brings many benefits, including greater awareness, a bigger pool of expertise, common terminology and reducing the chances of redundant efforts...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606199/basic-disaster-life-support-bdls-training-improves-first-responder-confidence-to-face-mass-casualty-incidents-in-thailand
#7
Deborah A Kuhls, Paul J Chestovich, Phillip Coule, Dale M Carrison, Charleston M Chua, Nopadol Wora-Urai, Tavatchai Kanchanarin
BACKGROUND: Medical response to mass-casualty incidents (MCIs) requires specialized training and preparation. Basic Disaster Life Support (BDLS) is a course designed to prepare health care workers for a MCI. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the confidence of health care professionals in Thailand to face a MCI after participating in a BDLS course. METHODS: Basic Disaster Life Support was taught to health care professionals in Thailand in July 2008. Demographics and medical experience were recorded, and participants rated their confidence before and after the course using a five-point Likert scale in 11 pertinent MCI categories...
June 13, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606198/clinical-information-transfer-between-ems-staff-and-emergency-medicine-assistants-during-handover-of-trauma-patients
#8
Seyedeh Almas Fahim Yegane, Ali Shahrami, Hamid Reza Hatamabadi, Seyed-Mostafa Hosseini-Zijoud
Introduction Clinical handover by Emergency Medical Services (EMS) staff, as the first people who have contact with trauma patients, in the emergency department (ED), is very important. Therefore, effective communication to transfer clinical information about patients in a concise, rational, clear, and time-bound manner is essential. In Iran, the transfer of necessary information in clinical handover in EDs was carried out orally and without following standard instructions. This study aimed to audit the current clinical handover according to the Identify, Situation, Background, Assessment, and Recommendation (ISBAR) tool and survey the effect of training the ISBAR tool to Emergency Medicine Assistants (EMAs) and EMS staff on improvement of the clinical handover of patients to the ED...
June 13, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606000/a-controlled-trial-of-trauma-focused-therapy-versus-problem-solving-in-islamic-children-affected-by-civil-conflict-and-disaster-in-aceh-indonesia
#9
Katie Dawson, Amy Joscelyne, Catherine Meijer, Zachary Steel, Derrick Silove, Richard A Bryant
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relative efficacies of trauma-focused cognitive behavior therapy and problem-solving therapy in treating post-traumatic stress disorder in children affected by civil conflict in Aceh, Indonesia. METHOD: A controlled trial of children with post-traumatic stress disorder ( N = 64) randomized children to either five individual weekly sessions of trauma-focused cognitive behavior therapy or problem-solving therapy provided by lay-counselors who were provided with brief training...
June 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562238/the-orthopedic-trauma-symposium-improving-care-of-orthopedic-injuries-in-haiti
#10
Ryan Normore, Helena Greene, Allison DeLong, Andrew Furey
BACKGROUND: Although single-trip volunteer medical teams can provide much-needed acute trauma care following natural disasters, their ability to leave a legacy of improved care in the region is often limited. One way to improve treatment of traumatic injuries is through conference-based teaching, such as the Orthopedic Trauma Symposium (OTS), which took place in Haiti in 2014. However, there is little research evaluating the effectiveness of such teaching tools. We evaluated the OTS and the potential benefits of future iterations of the course...
June 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542012/trends-of-training-courses-conducted-in-the-human-resources-development-center-of-the-national-institute-for-quantum-and-radiological-science-and-technology-after-the-fukushima-dai-ichi-nuclear-power-plant-accident
#11
Yuko Shimizu, Haruzo Iida, Mitsuru Nenoi
Environmental contamination with radioactive materials caused by the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) accident in 2011 raised a serious health concern among residents in Japan, and the demand for radiation experts who can handle the radiation-associated problems has increased. The Human Resources Development Center (HRDC) of the National Institute of for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology in Japan has offered a variety of training programs covering a wide range of technologies associated with radiation since 1959...
July 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528247/china-medical-team-medical-rescue-for-4-25-nepal-earthquake
#12
REVIEW
Xi Lin, Ke-Jia Liu, Yong-Gui Zhang, Yang Dan, Dian-Guo Xing, Li Chen, Ding-Yuan Du
In recent years, global natural disasters have been frequent and resulted in great casualties and property loss. Since Wenchuan earthquake, the disaster emergency rescue system of China has obtained considerable development in various aspects including team construction, task scheduling, personnel training, facilities and equipments, logistics, etc. On April 25, 2015, an earthquake that measured 8.1 on the Richter scale attacked Nepal. Chinese government firstly organized a medical team, named China Medical Team, and sent it to the attacked region in Nepal to implement medical rescue...
April 26, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524371/out-of-hospital-emergency-care-providers-work-and-challenges-in-a-changing-care-environment
#13
Riitta Mikkola, Eija Paavilainen, Mari Salminen-Tuomaala, Päivi Leikkola
Acutely ill patients are often treated on site instead of being transported to hospital, so wide-ranging professional competence is required from staff. The aim of this study was to describe and produce new information about out-of-hospital emergency care providers' competence, skills and willingness to engage in self-development activities, and to uncover challenges experienced by care providers in the midst of changing work practices. A quantitative questionnaire was sent to out-of-hospital emergency care providers (N = 142, response rate 53%) of one Finnish hospital district...
May 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513404/-a-bomb-attack-in-the-netherlands-how-would-we-provide-hospital-care
#14
J J M Haverkort, M B de Jong, L L van Spengler, L P H Leenen
- There is an ever-present threat of large-scale incidents and disasters, such as terrorism and natural disasters.- Preparation and planning are the key to successful response to major incidents and disasters, which is why education, training sessions and exercises take place in the Netherlands.- Analysis of recent large-scale incidents in Europe and the USA emphasises the importance of adequate distribution of the wounded to centres where the correct care can be provided.- A major step has been taken in the Netherlands to provide for such an eventuality with the introduction of distribution plans for the wounded, and other initiatives such as a regional hospital disaster plan...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505521/short-simulation-exercises-to-improve-emergency-department-nurses-self-efficacy-for-initial-disaster-management-controlled-before-and-after-study
#15
Carl-Oscar Jonson, Jenny Pettersson, Jonas Rybing, Heléne Nilsson, Erik Prytz
INTRODUCTION: Head nurses at emergency departments often assume responsibility for managing the initial response to a major incident, and to create surge capacity. Training is essential to enable these nurses to perform an effective disaster response. Evaluating the effects of such training is however complicated as real skill only can be demonstrated during a real major incident. Self-efficacy has been proposed as an alternative measure of training effectiveness. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine if short, small-scale computer-based simulation exercises could improve head emergency nurses' general and specific self-efficacy and initial incident management skills...
April 29, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501413/managing-traumatic-brain-injury-translating-military-guidelines-to-the-wilderness
#16
REVIEW
Edward J Otten, Warren C Dorlac
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common injury on the battlefield. Much of what medics do to manage these injuries on the battlefield can be translated to other austere environments, such as wilderness or disaster settings. The recognition and diagnosis of TBI can be difficult even in the hospital, but basic understanding of how to define a TBI and prevent secondary injuries can be accomplished with relatively few resources and little training. This article outlines what a TBI is and how to manage it in the field...
June 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486328/japanese-and-korean-nursing-students-motivation-for-joining-disaster-relief-activities-as-nurses-in-the-future
#17
Myoung-Ae Choe, Noriko Kuwano, Kyung-Sook Bang, Mi-Kyoung Cho, Rika Yatsushiro, Yuki Kawata
The purpose of this study was to identify differences in motivation for joining disaster relief activities as a nurse in the future between Japanese and Korean nursing students. A descriptive 2-group comparative study design was used. The participants were 721 first- to fourth-year nursing students (Japanese, n = 324; Korean, n = 397). From June to September 2014, data were collected through a researcher-administered questionnaire and self-reported answers. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, the χ test, and the t test...
May 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480126/the-life-process-of-children-who-survived-the-manjil-earthquake-a-decaying-or-renewing-process
#18
Abbas Shamsalinia, Fatemeh Ghaffari, Nahid Dehghan-Nayeri, Sarieh Poortaghi
INTRODUCTION: Among earthquake survivors, children are more vulnerable than other age groups due to their exposure to harrowing scenes of devastation as well as their drastically new living situations that result from an earthquake disaster. The life process of children survivors undergoes many different changes that are affected by a wide range of factors. Understanding the life process of these children may lead to effective outcomes and interventions. In addition, observing children survivors establishes knowledge and understanding of the challenges that correspond with earthquake disasters...
April 4, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478772/are-dutch-hospitals-prepared-for-chemical-biological-or-radionuclear-incidents-a-survey-study
#19
Luc J M Mortelmans, Menno I Gaakeer, Greet Dieltiens, Kurt Anseeuw, Marc B Sabbe
Introduction Being one of Europe's most densely populated countries, and having multiple nuclear installations, a heavy petrochemical industry, and terrorist targets, the Netherlands is at-risk for chemical, biological, or radionuclear (CBRN) incidents. Recent world and continental events show that this threat is real and that authorities may be underprepared. Hypothesis The hypothesis of this study is that Dutch hospitals are underprepared to deal with these incidents. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was performed...
May 8, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465695/benefits-barriers-and-limitations-on-the-use-of-hospital-incident-command-system
#20
REVIEW
Shahin Shooshtari, Shahram Tofighi, Shirin Abbasi
Hospital Incident Command System (HICS) has been established with the mission of prevention, response, and recovery in hazards. Regarding the key role of hospitals in medical management of events, the present study is aimed at investigating benefits, barriers, and limitations of applying HICS in hospital. Employing a review study, articles related to the aforementioned subject published from 1995 to 2016 were extracted from accredited websites and databases such as PubMed, Google Scholar, Elsevier, and SID by searching keywords such as HICS, benefits, barriers, and limitations...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
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