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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905346/-creating-enthusiasm-for-surgery-perceptions-of-the-impact-of-undergraduate-practical-education-clerkship-for-occupational-choices
#1
Katrin Werwick, Anke Spura, Marc Gottschalk, Frank Meyer, Felix Walcher, Sarah König, Rüdiger Braun-Dullaeus, Philipp Stieger
Background/Aim Surgical and other disciplines have been noticing difficulties in recruiting junior staff for several years. In response to a decrease in interest within study courses, surgical associations recommend better supervision during undergraduate practical education as "clerkships" in order to increase the attractiveness of surgery. This clerkship has an initiation function, as students for the first time - albeit marginally - can act as physicians. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of clerkships on the disciplinary orientations and preferences of undergraduates' perceptions of specialist training...
September 13, 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776222/-surgical-techniques-for-severe-brain-injury-with-special-emphasis-on-polytrauma
#2
REVIEW
Georg C Clarici
CLINICAL ISSUE: In Austria approximately 2000 people suffer from severe brain injury per year. Brain trauma is the most common cause of death under the age of 45 years. In polytrauma patients the treatment and management of severe brain injury is particularly challenging because the life-threatening injuries of other organ systems significantly influence the timing of surgery and the outcome. The sequence of the necessary surgery is an interdisciplinary decision already made in the emergency room...
August 3, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583587/management-of-multifocal-lung-cancer-results-of%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-survey
#3
Konstantinos Leventakos, Tobias Peikert, David E Midthun, Julian R Molina, Shanda Blackmon, Francis C Nichols, Yolanda I Garces, Christopher L Hallemeier, Stephen J Murphy, George Vasmatzis, Sarah L Kratz, William P Holland, Charles F Thomas, John J Mullon, K Robert Shen, Stephen D Cassivi, Randolph S Marks, Marie Christine Aubry, Alex A Adjei, Ping Yang, Mark S Allen, Eric S Edell, Dennis Wigle, Aaron S Mansfield
INTRODUCTION: Multifocal lung cancer is an increasingly common clinical scenario, but there is lack of high-level evidence for its optimal treatment. Thus, we surveyed members of the interdisciplinary International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer on their therapeutic approaches and analyzed the resultant practice patterns. METHODS: We described the clinical scenario of an otherwise healthy 60-year-old man with bilateral pulmonary nodules and asked the 6373 members of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer whether they would recommend surgery, and if so, the extent of surgery...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574957/-attention-everyone-time-out-safety-attitudes-and-checklist-practices-in-anesthesiology-in-germany-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Christopher Neuhaus, Aline Spies, Henryk Wilk, Markus A Weigand, Christoph Lichtenstern
BACKGROUND: The use of perioperative checklists has generated a growing body of evidence pointing toward reduction of mortality and morbidity, improved compliance with guidelines, reduction of adverse events, and improvements in human factor-related areas. Usual quality management metrics generally fall short in assessing compliance with their perioperative application. Our study assessed application attitudes and compliance with safety measures centered around the World Health Organization (WHO) "Safe Surgery Saves Lives" campaign as perceived by anesthesia professionals in Germany...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286528/evaluation-of-a-pilot-project-to-introduce-simulation-based-team-training-to-pediatric-surgery-trauma-room-care
#5
Markus Lehner, Ellen Heimberg, Florian Hoffmann, Oliver Heinzel, Hans-Joachim Kirschner, Martina Heinrich
Introduction. Several studies in pediatric trauma care have demonstrated substantial deficits in both prehospital and emergency department management. Methods. In February 2015 the PAEDSIM collaborative conducted a one and a half day interdisciplinary, simulation based team-training course in a simulated pediatric emergency department. 14 physicians from the medical fields of pediatric surgery, pediatric intensive care and emergency medicine, and anesthesia participated, as well as four pediatric nurses. After a theoretical introduction and familiarization with the simulator, course attendees alternately participated in six simulation scenarios and debriefings...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240041/credentialing-in-interventional-therapy-in-europe-comparison-of-curricula-including-endovascular-therapy-of-arterial-diseases
#6
REVIEW
Karl-Ludwig Schulte, Pia M Jungmann, Vladimir Makaloski, Lino Goncalves, Markus Steinbauer, Susanne Vonberg, Beatrix B Doerr, Ralf Langhoff, Frederic Baumann
The prevalence of peripheral artery disease (PAD) is continuously increasing. In addition, the treatment of PAD has changed substantially over the last decades. Novel treatment modalities and diagnostic tools were developed and endovascular therapy was established as a first-line therapy. In consequence, vascular medicine has become an interdisciplinary field, involving different specialties such as internal medicine/cardiology, internal medicine/angiology, vascular surgery, and (interventional) radiology. Attributed to the expanding field and to ensure high quality and standardized training, various curricula were developed...
May 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002644/a-novel-phased-concept-course-for-the-delivery-of-anatomy-and-orthopedics-training-in-medical-education
#7
Stefan Klima, Pierre Hepp, Sabine Löffler, Jon Cornwall, Niels Hammer
Integration of anatomy and clinical teaching is a theoretical ideal, yet there is a worldwide paucity of such amalgamation. These teaching models provide support for medical trainees, an important element in Germany where orthopedic intern numbers have declined and anecdotal evidence suggests disinterest in orthopedics. The aim of the study was to develop an integrated anatomy-surgical course for undergraduate medical training, assess the model developed, and explore how medical students perceive orthopedics as a career...
December 21, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990092/robotic-surgery-in-gynecology
#8
REVIEW
Ibrahim Alkatout, Liselotte Mettler, Nicolai Maass, Johannes Ackermann
Robotic surgery is the most dynamic development in the sector of minimally invasive operations currently. It should not be viewed as an alternative to laparoscopy, but as the next step in a process of technological evolution. The advancement of robotic surgery, in terms of the introduction of the Da Vinci Xi, permits the variable use of optical devices in all four trocars. Due to the new geometry of the "patient cart," an operation can be performed in all spatial directions without re-docking. Longer instruments and the markedly narrower mechanical elements of the "patient cart" provide greater flexibility as well as access similar to those of traditional laparoscopy...
2016: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673583/kunskap-och-kommunikation-%C3%A3-r-en-ledares-plattform-tv%C3%A3-rvetenskaplig-studie-av-traumateam%C3%A3-vningar-visar-betydelsen-av-verbal-och-icke-verbal-kommunikation
#9
Magnus Hultin, Maritha Jacobsson, Christine Brulin, Maria Härgestam
Leadership in acute care teams based on knowledge and communication - an interdisciplinary analysis of a serie of in-situ trauma team trainings Efficient communication is one of the key features of good teamwork. Call-outs (CO) and Closed-loop communication (CLC), as a component of secure and efficient communication, has been extensively taught in the team training context. This paper reports results from a thesis exploring how trauma teams communicate while working. Eighteen in-situ trauma team training sessions were documented with surveys, audio and video for later analysis...
2016: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413444/effectiveness-of-an-interprofessional-and-multidisciplinary-musculoskeletal-training-program
#10
Michael J Battistone, Andrea M Barker, Marissa P Grotzke, J Peter Beck, Jeffery T Berdan, Jorie M Butler, Caroline K Milne, Tim Huhtala, Grant W Cannon
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal (MSK) problems are common, and a recent US Bone and Joint Initiative calls for new models of education and professional collaboration. Evidence of feasibility and acceptability of innovative methods are needed. OBJECTIVE: We assessed if an experimental immersion interdisciplinary MSK curriculum would be acceptable to residents from different specialties, be feasible within existing rotations, and be effective in strengthening clinical skills...
July 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27125147/interprofessional-training-enhances-collaboration-between-nursing-and-medical-students-a-pilot-study
#11
Florence E Turrentine, Karen M Rose, John B Hanks, Breyette Lorntz, John A Owen, Valentina L Brashers, Erika E Ramsdale
BACKGROUND: Effective collaboration among healthcare providers is an essential component of high-quality patient care. Interprofessional education is foundational to ensuring that students are prepared to engage in optimal collaboration once they enter clinical practice particularly in the care of complex geriatric patients undergoing surgery. STUDY DESIGN: To enhance interprofessional education between nursing students and medical students in a clinical environment, we modeled the desired behavior and skills needed for interprofessional preoperative geriatric assessment for students, then provided an opportunity for students to practice skills in nurse/physician pairs on standardized patients...
May 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27038045/impacts-of-supervised-exercise-training-in-addition-to-interdisciplinary-lifestyle-management-in-subjects-awaiting-bariatric-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-study
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Aurélie Baillot, Warner M Mampuya, Isabelle J Dionne, Emilie Comeau, Anne Méziat-Burdin, Marie-France Langlois
BACKGROUND: Experts recommend physical activity (PA) to optimize bariatric surgery (BS) results. However, evidence on the effect of PA before BS is missing. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of adding a Pre-Surgical Exercise Training (PreSET) to an interdisciplinary lifestyle intervention on physical fitness, quality of life, PA barriers, and anthropometric parameters of subjects awaiting BS. METHODS: Thirty candidates for BS (43.2 ± 9.2 years, 47...
November 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27002707/-interdisciplinary-assessment-criteria-for-rehabilitation-after-injuries-of-the-lower-extremity-a-function-based-return-to-activity-algorithm
#13
M Keller, E Kurz, O Schmidtlein, G Welsch, C Anders
BACKGROUND: In the treatment of patients with lower extremity injuries, a paradigm shift is taking place: Time-dependent concepts are increasingly being replaced by function-based concepts. METHODS: A function-based Return to Activity Algorithm is presented which contains a level classification (I-IV). Qualitative and subsequent quantitative tests are assigned to every level. Within each level, first the respective qualitative test has to be passed before patients are allowed to perform the corresponding quantitative test...
March 2016: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26652640/determining-the-need-for-team-based-training-in-delirium-management-a-needs-assessment-of-surgical-healthcare-professionals
#14
Sanjeev Sockalingam, Hedieh Tehrani, Anna Kacikanis, Adrienne Tan, Raed Hawa, Ruthie Anderson, Allan Okrainec, Susan Abbey
The high incidence of delirium in surgical units is a serious quality concern, given its impact on morbidity and mortality. While successful delirium management depends upon interdisciplinary care, training needs for surgical teams have not been studied. A needs assessment of surgical units was conducted to determine perceived comfort in managing delirium, and interprofessional training needs for team-based care. We administered a survey to 106 General Surgery healthcare professionals (69% response rate) with a focus on attitudes towards delirium and team management...
2015: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26606785/-low-back-pain-at-new-working-ambient-in-era-of-new-economy-a-systematic-review-about-occupational-risk-factors
#15
REVIEW
Nurka Pranjić, Ljiljana Maleš-Bilić
Low back pain is the second most common symptom-related reason for physician visits and the first reason of working disability. Low back pain is a ubiquitous complaint, with particularly high prevalence among people in their working years (67%). For many individuals, episodes of back pain are self-limited and resolve without specific therapy. For others, however, back pain is recurrent or chronic, causing significant pain that interferes with employment and quality of life. Many occupations have been anecdotally linked to certain low back pain syndrome...
March 2015: Acta Medica Croatica: C̆asopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26324317/-current-state-of-medical-care-of-polytrauma-and-mass-casualty-incidents-in-germany-are-we-well-prepared
#16
L Brodauf, K Heßing, R Hoffmann, B Friemert
The white paper on the medical care of the severely injured published in 2006 is a collection of proposals and recommendations concerning structure, organization and equipment for the medical care of severely injured patients. Since its publication 50 networks ( http://www.dgu-traumanetzwerk.de/index ) have been established as part of the trauma network. This and the trauma register have helped to continuously improve the medical care of severely injured patients since 1993 [26]. Numerous studies have documented the progress made in measures required by the trauma network [4, 6]...
October 2015: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26238074/attrition-from-surgical-residency-training-perspectives-from-those-who-left
#17
Tasce Bongiovanni, Heather Yeo, Julie A Sosa, Peter S Yoo, Theodore Long, Marjorie Rosenthal, David Berg, Leslie Curry, Marcella Nunez-Smith
BACKGROUND: High rates of attrition from general surgery residency may threaten the surgical workforce. We sought to gain further insight regarding resident motivations for leaving general surgery residency. METHODS: We conducted in-depth interviews to generate rich narrative data that explored individual experiences. An interdisciplinary team used the constant comparative method to analyze the data. RESULTS: Four themes characterized experiences of our 19 interviewees who left their residency program...
October 2015: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26143516/surgery-and-medicine-residents-perspectives-of-morbidity-and-mortality-conference-an-interdisciplinary-approach-to-improve-acgme-core-competency-compliance
#18
Katherine T Flynn-O'Brien, Samuel P Mandell, Erik Van Eaton, Anneliese M Schleyer, Lisa K McIntyre
OBJECTIVE: Morbidity and mortality conferences (MMCs) are often used to fulfill the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education practice-based learning and improvement (PBLI) competency, but there is variation among institutions and disciplines in their approach to MMCs. The objective of this study is to examine the trainees' perspective and experience with MMCs and adverse patient event (APE) reporting across disciplines to help guide the future implementation of an institution-wide, workflow-embedded, quality improvement (QI) program for PBLI...
November 2015: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26129626/evaluation-of-the-prostate-interdisciplinary-communication-and-mapping-algorithm-for-biopsy-and-pathology-pic-mabp
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Daniel Junker, Thomas R W Herrmann, Markus Bader, Jasmin Bektic, Gregor Henkel, Stephan Kruck, Markus Sandbichler, David Schilling, Georg Schäfer, Udo Nagele
INTRODUCTION: Experience from interdisciplinary cooperation revealed the need for a prostate mapping scheme to communicate multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) findings between radiologists, urologists, and pathologists, which should be detailed, yet easy to memorize. For this purpose, the 'Prostate interdisciplinary communication and mapping algorithm for biopsy and pathology' (PIC-MABP) was developed. This study evaluated the accuracy of the PIC-MABP system. METHODS: PIC-MABP was tested and validated in findings of 10 randomly selected patients from routine clinical practise with 18 histologically proven cancer lesions...
February 2016: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26019703/utilisation-of-blood-components-in-trauma-surgery-a-single-centre-retrospective-analysis-before-and-after-the-implementation-of-an-educative-pbm-initiative
#20
Raoul Georg Geissler, Clemens Kösters, Dominik Franz, Hubert Buddendick, Matthias Borowski, Christian Juhra, Matthias Lange, Holger Bunzemeier, Norbert Roeder, Walter Sibrowski, Michael J Raschke, Peter Schlenke
BACKGROUND: The aim of our single-centre retrospective study presented here is to further analyse the utilisation of allogeneic blood components within a 5-year observation period (2009-2013) in trauma surgery (15,457 patients) under the measures of an educational patient blood management (PBM) initiative. METHODS: After the implementation of the PBM initiative in January 2012, the Institute of Transfusion Medicine und Transplantation Immunology educates surgeons and nurses at the Department of Trauma Surgery to avoid unnecessary blood transfusions...
March 2015: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
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