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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793192/how-did-older-adults-respond-to-challenges-after-an-earthquake-results-from-a-qualitative-study-in-iran
#1
Shokoufeh Ahmadi, Hamidreza Khankeh, Robab Sahaf, Asghar Dalvandi, Seyed Ali Hosseini, Fardin Alipour
OBJECTIVES: In many areas, natural disasters are a major challenge for life and property of people. Earthquake is one of the most devastating natural disasters. This study aimed to explore how older adults responded to challenges after the earthquake in Iran. METHODS: This study was based on qualitative analysis. Data were collected through in-depth and semi-structured interviews. 29 participants including 18 older adult survivors of the earthquake-stricken areas, four lay caregivers, and three health professionals in disasters, one social worker, two relief worker and one disaster psychologist were interviewed...
May 17, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792462/extreme-teams-toward-a-greater-understanding-of-multiagency-teamwork-during-major-emergencies-and-disasters
#2
Nicola Power
Major emergencies are extreme team decision making environments. They are complex, dynamic, high-stakes and fast paced events, wherein successful resolution is contingent upon effective teamwork. Not only do emergency teams coordinate at the intrateam level (e.g., police team), but they are increasingly required to operate at the interteam level (e.g., police, fire and ambulance teams). This is in response to the desire for networked and cost-effective practice and due to the evolving nature of modern threats, such as extreme weather events and terrorist attacks, which require a multi- rather than single-agency response...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791967/global-emergency-medicine-a-review-of-the-literature-from-2017
#3
Torben K Becker, Indi Trehan, Alison Schroth Hayward, Braden J Hexom, Sean M Kivlehan, Kevin M Lunney, Payal Modi, Maxwell Osei-Ampofo, Amelia Pousson, Daniel K Cho, Adam C Levine
OBJECTIVES: The Global Emergency Medicine Literature Review (GEMLR) conducts an annual search of peer-reviewed and gray literature relevant to global emergency medicine (EM) to identify, review, and disseminate the most important new research in this field to a global audience of academics and clinical practitioners. METHODS: This year, 17,722 articles written in three languages were identified by our electronic search. These articles were distributed among 20 reviewers for initial screening based on their relevance to the field of global EM...
May 23, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791006/examining-the-influence-of-professional-emergency-management-coordinators-driving-preparedness-and-resilience-on-university-campuses
#4
Stephen A Murphy, Maureen Lichtveld
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the compliance with disaster management recommendations of ensuring a full-time, dedicated professional is responsible for coordinating disaster management programs. This research targets a subset of institutions of higher education (IHEs) in the United States at risk of annual hurricane threats or having experienced an active shooter incident near campus. DESIGN: A comprehensive Web-based assessment was conducted to determine the Web presence of emergency management of 265 IHEs with student enrollment greater than 2,000 in coastal states at risk of annual Atlantic Hurricane landfalls...
March 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789458/flying-real-time-network-to-coordinate-disaster-relief-activities-in-urban-areas-%C3%A2
#5
Matias Micheletto, Vinicius Petrucci, Rodrigo Santos, Javier Orozco, Daniel Mosse, Sergio F Ochoa, Roc Meseguer
While there have been important advances within wireless communication technology, the provision of communication support during disaster relief activities remains an open issue. The literature in disaster research reports several major restrictions to conducting first response activities in urban areas, given the limitations of telephone networks and radio systems to provide digital communication in the field. In search-and-rescue operations, the communication requirements are increased, since the first responders need to rely on real-time and reliable communication to perform their activities and coordinate their efforts with other teams...
May 22, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781774/a-perfect-storm-challenges-encountered-by-family-caregivers-of-persons-with-alzheimer-s-disease-during-natural-disasters
#6
Allison Gibson, Jessica Walsh, Lisa M Brown
Since Hurricane Katrina there has been a movement across the U.S. to examine best practice for disaster response within the aging population. However, little is known about the experience of natural disasters from the perspective of family caregivers of persons with Alzheimer's disease and related dementia (ADRD). In this exploratory, qualitative study, family caregivers (n=27) were interviewed about their experience with the historic 2015 South Carolina flood. By using thematic analysis, themes were identified to better understand what unique challenges caregivers of person with ADRD experienced...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781406/analysis-of-emergency-health-care-workforce-and-service-readiness-for-a-mass-casualty-event-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#7
Tener Goodwin Veenema, Fiona Boland, Declan Patton, Tom O'Connor, Zena Moore, Sarah Schneider-Firestone
OBJECTIVE: Ultimately, a country's capacity for a large-scale major emergency response will be directly related to the competence of its health care provider (HCP) workforce and communication between emergency responders and hospitals. The purpose of this study was to assess HCP preparedness and service readiness for a major emergency involving mass casualties (mass casualty event or MCE) in Ireland. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using a 53-item survey was administered to a purposive sample of emergency responders and HCPs in the Republic of Ireland...
May 21, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779724/the-emerging-use-of-social-media-for-health-related-purposes-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-scoping-review
#8
Emily Hagg, V Susan Dahinten, Leanne M Currie
BACKGROUND: Social media allows for instant access to, and dissemination of, information around the globe. Access to social media in low- and middle-income countries has increased exponentially in recent years due to technological advances. Despite this growth, the use of social media in low- and middle-income countries is less well-researched than in high-income countries. OBJECTIVE: To identify, explore and summarize the current state of the literature on the use of social media for health in low- and middle-income countries...
July 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773778/a-collaboration-to-teach-us-mph-students-about-cuba-s-health-care-system
#9
Joan O'Connell, Ana María Gálvez-González, Jean Scandlyn, María R Sala-Adam, Xiomara Martín-Linares
In 2011, the US Department of the Treasury changed its regulations to allow US students to participate in short-term education programs in Cuba. Beginning in 2012, and each year thereafter, Cuba's National School of Public Health and the Colorado School of Public Health have jointly taught a class on the Cuban public health system. The program goals are to provide US students with an opportunity to learn about the Cuban national health system's focus on 1) prevention and primary health care services; 2) financial and geographic access to services and health equity; 3) continuum of care across the home, family doctor-and-nurse offices, polyclinics and hospitals; 4) data collection at all levels to understand health risks, including outbreaks, and to guide resource allocation; 5) assessing patients' health and risks using a comprehensive definition of health; 6) multisectoral collaborations between the Ministry of Public Health and other Cuban agencies and organizations to address population health risks; 7) disaster preparedness, response and recovery; and 8) provision of international health assistance...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773480/must-i-respond-if-my-health-is-at-risk
#10
Kenneth V Iserson
BACKGROUND: Widespread epidemics, pandemics, and other risk-prone disasters occur with disturbing regularity. When such events occur, how should, and will, clinicians respond? The moral backbone of medical professionals-a duty to put the needs of patients first-may be sorely tested. DISCUSSION: It is incumbent on health care professionals to ask what we must do and what we should do if a dangerous health care situation threatens both ourselves and our community...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772681/global-asbestos-disaster
#11
Sugio Furuya, Odgerel Chimed-Ochir, Ken Takahashi, Annette David, Jukka Takala
Introduction : Asbestos has been used for thousands of years but only at a large industrial scale for about 100⁻150 years. The first identified disease was asbestosis, a type of incurable pneumoconiosis caused by asbestos dust and fibres. The latest estimate of global number of asbestosis deaths from the Global Burden of Disease estimate 2016 is 3495. Asbestos-caused cancer was identified in the late 1930's but despite today's overwhelming evidence of the strong carcinogenicity of all asbestos types, including chrysotile, it is still widely used globally...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771200/disaster-preparedness-networks-in-rural-midwest-communities-organizational-roles-collaborations-and-support-for-older-residents
#12
Sato Ashida, Xi Zhu, Erin L Robinson, Audrey Schroer
This study investigated the roles and interconnections among community organizations belonging to local disaster coalitions in Midwest in supporting older residents. Representatives from 44 organizations participated in one-time survey. Most were non-profit (68%) or federal/state/local government agencies (23%). The analyses of 761 relationships showed stronger collaborations in assessment (average strength=2.88 on a 5-point scale), emergency response (2.72), and planning (2.61); and weaker collaborations in co-sponsoring programs (1...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766312/posttraumatic-growth-as-a-response-to-natural-disasters-in-children-and-adolescents
#13
REVIEW
Melissa Bernstein, Betty Pfefferbaum
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review examines factors thought to be associated with posttraumatic growth (PTG) (demographic variables, exposure, and family and social processes) among youth exposed to natural disasters, describes the relationship between PTG and posttraumatic stress, and discusses psychological processes (rumination and coping) linked to PTG. RECENT FINDINGS: Guided by PTG theory and the literature on PTG in adults, research has revealed relationships between PTG and child, environmental, and family and social factors among youth though the results are mixed...
May 16, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766223/does-wildfire-open-a-policy-window-local-government-and-community-adaptation-after-fire-in-the-united-states
#14
Miranda H Mockrin, Hillary K Fishler, Susan I Stewart
Becoming a fire adapted community that can coexist with wildfire is envisioned as a continuous, iterative process of adaptation, but it is unclear how communities may pursue adaptation. Experience with wildfire and other natural hazards suggests that disasters may open a "window of opportunity" leading to local government policy changes. We examined how destructive wildfire affected progress toward becoming fire adapted in eight locations in the United States. We found that community-level adaptation following destructive fires is most common where destructive wildfire is novel and there is already government capacity and investment in wildfire regulation and land use planning...
May 15, 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755045/building-resilience-after-disasters-through-the-youth-leadership-program-the-importance-of-community-and-academic-partnerships-on-youth-outcomes
#15
Howard Osofsky, Joy Osofsky, Tonya Hansel, Beverly Lawrason, Anthony Speier
BACKGROUND: The Youth Leadership Program (YLP) was created as a school community-university partnership after the devastating effects of Hurricane Katrina. The YLP goal was to support youth and improve by engaging them in disaster recovery initiatives. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to describe the development of the St. Bernard Parish YLP and evaluate if the program was associated with increasing self-efficacy and decreasing trauma symptoms. Specifically, this study explored how a mental health intervention related to hurricane recovery influenced students' perceived ability to achieve goals, fostering post-disaster self-efficacy...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753454/response-of-a-local-hospital-to-a-burn-disaster-contributory-factors-leading-to-zero-mortality-outcomes
#16
Eng-Kean Yeong, Ciaran P O'Boyle, Hui-Fu Huang, Hao-Chih Tai, Yen-Chun Hsu, Shu-Yang Chuang, Yu-Feng Wu, Che-Wei Chang, Tom J Liu, Hong-Shiee Lai
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the outcomes of a local healthcare system in managing a burn mass casualty incident (BMCI). METHODS: Thirty-three victims admitted to the National Taiwan University Hospital within 96h of the explosion were included in the study. Data were recorded on: patient demographics, Baux score, laboratory data, management response, treatment strategies, and outcomes. Case notes from June 27, 2015 to November 2015 were reviewed with a focus on fluid resuscitation, ventilation support, nutrition, infection control, sepsis treatment, and wound closure plan...
May 9, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751222/development-of-forensic-medicine-in-post-reform-indonesia
#17
Yoni Fuadah Syukriani, Nita Novita, Deni K Sunjaya
Forensic medicine practice in Indonesia was introduced through the Dutch colonial criminal justice system in the early twentieth century. After more than 70 years of national independence, the development of forensic medicine still faces fundamental challenges, including confusion in the distribution of responsibility with law enforcement agencies, difficulties in managing conflicts of interest, and impediments in scientific practice and professional development. Despite of the golden opportunity from the Indonesian Reform movement in the late 1990s, the impact on forensic medicine development has been less than expected...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747715/an-in-situ-simulation-based-training-approach-to-active-shooter-response-in-the-emergency-department
#18
Mark S Mannenbach, Carol J Fahje, Kharmene L Sunga, Matthew D Sztajnkrycer
ABSTRACTWith an increased number of active shooter events in the United States, emergency departments are challenged to ensure preparedness for these low frequency but high stakes events. Engagement of all emergency department personnel can be very challenging due to a variety of barriers. This article describes the use of an in situ simulation training model as a component of active shooter education in one emergency department. The educational tool was intentionally developed to be multidisciplinary in planning and involvement, to avoid interference with patient care and to be completed in the true footprint of the work space of the participants...
May 11, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747403/development-of-a-wireless-unified-maintenance-system-for-the-structural-health-monitoring-of-civil-structures
#19
Gwanghee Heo, Byungjik Son, Chunggil Kim, Seunggon Jeon, Joonryong Jeon
A disaster preventive structural health monitoring (SHM) system needs to be equipped with the following abilities: First, it should be able to simultaneously measure diverse types of data (e.g., displacement, velocity, acceleration, strain, load, temperature, humidity, etc.) for accurate diagnosis. Second, it also requires standalone power supply to guarantee its immediate response in crisis (e.g., sudden interruption of normal AC power in disaster situations). Furthermore, it should be capable of prompt processing and realtime wireless communication of a huge amount of data...
May 9, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740682/impacts-of-china-s-grain-for-green-program-on-migration-and-household-income
#20
Paul Treacy, Pamela Jagger, Conghe Song, Qi Zhang, Richard E Bilsborrow
In the late 1990s, China's Yangtze and Yellow River Basins suffered devastating natural disasters widely attributed to the degradation of soil and water resources. The Government of China responded with a number of major environmental programs, the most expensive and influential of which, the Grain for Green (GfG) Program, was implemented widely from 1999. Under the GfG Program-also known as the Sloping Land Conversion or Conversion of Cropland to Forest Program-the central government compensates farmers to convert cropland on steep slopes or otherwise ecologically sensitive areas to forest or grassland...
May 8, 2018: Environmental Management
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