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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149316/use-of-information-and-communication-technologies-in-the-formal-and-informal-health-system-responses-to-the-2015-nepal-earthquakes
#1
Olivia Crane, Julie Balen, Bhimsen Devkota, Sudha Ghimire, Simon Rushton
Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) are increasingly recognized for their potential contributions to health service delivery in Low-and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs). As well as playing a role in improving the provision of health services under everyday 'normal' circumstances, ICTs can also be important in preparing for, mitigating, responding to and recovering from disasters. This research explores the use of ICTs in a natural disaster situation in Nepal, a country affected by a series of strong earthquakes in 2015...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144432/climate-change-and-schools-environmental-hazards-and-resiliency
#2
Perry E Sheffield, Simone A M Uijttewaal, James Stewart, Maida P Galvez
The changing climate is creating additional challenges in maintaining a healthy school environment in the United States (U.S.) where over 50 million people, mostly children, spend approximately a third of their waking hours. Chronic low prioritization of funds and resources to support environmental health in schools and lack of clear regulatory oversight in the U.S. undergird the new risks from climate change. We illustrate the extent of risk and the variation in vulnerability by geographic region, in the context of sparse systematically collected and comparable data particularly about school infrastructure...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136338/the-perspectives-of-medical-specialists-from-different-disciplines-on-the-management-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-an-interview-study
#3
David J Tunnicliffe, Davinder Singh-Grewal, Jonathan C Craig, Shilpanjali Jesudason, Peter Tugwell, Ming-Wei Lin, Sean G O'Neill, Daniel Sumpton, Allison Tong
OBJECTIVES: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex autoimmune disease that can affect multiple organ systems, with specialists from many disciplines often involved, which may lead to inconsistent care. We aimed to describe the attitudes and perspectives of specialists from different medical disciplines on the management of people with SLE. METHODS: Face-to-face, semi-structured interviews were conducted with rheumatologists (n=16), nephrologists (n=16), and immunologists (n=11) providing care to adults with SLE from 19 centers across Australia in 2015...
November 14, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133217/association-between-sleep-disturbance-and-new-onset-subjective-knee-pain-in-great-east-japan-earthquake-survivors-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-the-miyagi-prefecture
#4
Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Takuya Sekiguchi, Yumi Sugawara, Yutaka Yabe, Masashi Koide, Nobuyuki Itaya, Shinichiro Yoshida, Yasuhito Sogi, Masahiro Tsuchiya, Ichiro Tsuji, Eiji Itoi
BACKGROUND: The Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) and Tsunami devastated the northeastern coast of Japan on March 11, 2011. This study aimed to determine whether sociopsychological factors, such as sleep disturbance and psychological distress, influenced new-onset subjective knee pain in survivors during the post-disaster phase of the GEJE. METHODS: From November 2012 to February 2013 (2 years after the GEJE) and from November 2013 to February 2014 (3 years after the GEJE), survivors (≥18 years) completed self-reported questionnaires...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132277/legal-responses-to-hiv-and-aids-lessons-from-swaziland
#5
Musa N Shongwe
Since 1999, the HIV and AIDS epidemic in Swaziland has been declared a national disaster, and today HIV and AIDS still pose a great threat to the survival and development of Swaziland and its people. The impact of the pandemic necessitated a multi-faceted response from the government. This paper critically evaluates the Swaziland legal response to HIV and AIDS. The objective is to assess whether and to what extent Swazi law addresses human rights issues related to HIV and AIDS. Through the application of a human rights based theory, the paper analyses the domestication of Swaziland's treaty commitments, and the constitutional and the statutory frameworks...
December 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130037/posttraumatic-psychiatric-disorders-and-resilience-in-healthcare-providers-following-a-disastrous-earthquake-an-interventional-study-in-taiwan
#6
Ya-Ting Ke, Hsiu-Chin Chen, Chien-Ho Lin, Wen-Fu Kuo, An-Chi Peng, Chien-Chin Hsu, Chien-Cheng Huang, Hung-Jung Lin
Background: Posttraumatic psychiatric disorders (PTPDs) are common in disaster workers; however, their incidence and resilience in healthcare providers (HCPs) following a disastrous earthquake are still unclear. Therefore, we conducted an interventional study to clarify this issue. Methods: After a medical response to the scene of a collapsed huge building, we conducted an assessment of the HCPs using an immediate self-administered questionnaire and a follow-up questionnaire 1 month later...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129187/developing-the-fourth-evaluation-dimension-a-protocol-for-evaluation-of-video-from-the-patient-s-perspective-during-major-incident-exercises
#7
J J Mark Haverkort, Luke P H Leenen
OBJECTIVE: Presently used evaluation techniques rely on 3 traditional dimensions: reports from observers, registration system data, and observational cameras. Some of these techniques are observer-dependent and are not reproducible for a second review. This proof-of-concept study aimed to test the feasibility of extending evaluation to a fourth dimension, the patient's perspective. METHODS: Footage was obtained during a large, full-scale hospital trauma drill. Two mock victims were equipped with point-of-view cameras filming from the patient's head...
October 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123878/investigation-of-japan-disaster-medical-assistance-team-response-guidelines-assuming-catastrophic-damage-from-a-nankai-trough-earthquake
#8
Hideaki Anan, Hisayoshi Kondo, Osamu Akasaka, Kenichi Oshiro, Mitsunobu Nakamura, Tetsuro Kiyozumi, Norihiko Yamada, Masato Homma, Kazuma Morino, Shinichi Nakayama, Yasuhiro Otomo, Yuichi Koido
Aim: Transporting critically ill patients outside of disaster-affected areas for treatment is an important activity of Japan Disaster Medical Assistance Teams (DMATs). We investigated whether this activity is possible after possible catastrophic damage from a Nankai Trough earthquake. Methods: Japan was divided into three areas based on the level of predicted damage (definitely, possibly, and non-affected areas). A survey of DMATs and the locations of emergency base hospitals and intensive care units (ICUs) in each area was carried out, and the ability to support disaster areas was investigated...
July 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121467/nanodisc-based-bioelectronic-nose-using-olfactory-receptor-produced-in-escherichia-coli-for-the-assessment-of-the-death-associated-odor-cadaverine
#9
Heehong Yang, Daesan Kim, Jeongsu Kim, Dongseok Moon, Hyun Seok Song, Minju Lee, Seunghun Hong, Tai Hyun Park
Cadaverine (CV), a death-associated odor, is an important target molecule for various sensor applications, including the evaluation of food spoilage. In this study, we developed an oriented nanodisc (ND)-functionalized bioelectronic nose (ONBN), based on carbon nanotube transistors and nanodiscs embedded with an olfactory receptor produced in Escherichia coli (E. coli) for detection of CV. To fabricate ONBN devices, a trace-amine-associated receptor 13c (TAAR13c) binding to CV was produced in E. coli, purified, reconstituted into NDs, and assembled, in the desired orientation, onto a carbon- nanotube-based field-effect transistor with floating electrodes...
November 13, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115073/assessment-of-competence-in-emergency-medicine-among-healthcare-professionals-in-cameroon
#10
Sang Chul Kim, Young Sun Ro, Sang Do Shin, Dae Han Wi, Joongsik Jeong, Ju Ok Park, Kyong Min Sun, Kwangsoo Bae
Development of a competence-based curriculum is important. This study aimed to develop competence assessment tools in emergency medicine and use it to assess competence of Cameroonian healthcare professionals. This was a cross-sectional, descriptive study. Through literature review, expert survey, and discrimination tests, we developed a self-survey questionnaire and a scenario-based competence assessment tool for assessing clinical knowledge and self-confidence to perform clinical practices or procedures. The self-survey consisted of 23 domains and 94 questionnaires on a 5-point Likert scale...
December 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104368/community-recovery-following-the-deepwater-horizon-oil-spill-toward-a-theory-of-cultural-resilience
#11
Hannah E Clarke, Brian Mayer
Culture plays an important role in communities' abilities to adapt to environmental change and crises. The emerging field of resilience thinking has made several efforts to better integrate social and cultural factors into the systems-level approach to understanding socialecological resilience. However, attempts to integrate culture into structural models often fail to account for the agentic processes that influence recovery at the individual and community levels, overshadowing the potential for agency and variation in community response...
2017: Society & Natural Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097975/the-role-of-the-occupational-therapist-in-disaster-areas-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
M Parente, M Tofani, R De Santis, G Esposito, V Santilli, G Galeoto
Background: Disasters are increasingly more frequent events on our planet. During disaster the role of the occupational therapist will require a more specific operative framework within nongovernmental organizations and community health services. Design: Systematic review. Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the evidence that highlight occupational therapist's role in disaster area through a systematic review. Materials and Methods: Research on MEDLINE was performed...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096237/moderating-effects-of-maternal-emotional-availability-on-language-and-cognitive-development-in-toddlers-of-mothers-exposed-to-a-natural-disaster-in-pregnancy-the-qf2011-queensland-flood-study
#13
Marie-Paule Austin, Bettina Christl, Cathy McMahon, Sue Kildea, Nicole Reilly, Carolyn Yin, Gabrielle Simcock, Guillaume Elgbeili, David P Laplante, Suzanne King
BACKGROUND: Prenatal maternal stress exposure has been linked to sub-optimal developmental outcomes in toddlers, while maternal emotional availability is associated with better cognitive and language abilities. It is less clear whether early care-giving relationships can moderate the impact of prenatal stress on child development. The current study investigates the impact of stress during pregnancy resulting from the Queensland Floods in 2011 on toddlers' cognitive and language development, and examines how maternal emotional availability is associated with these outcomes...
October 27, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094662/the-duty-of-mind-ethical-capacity-in-a-time-of-crisis
#14
Caitlin Ryus, Jay Baruch
In a disaster, physicians are forced to make challenging and heartbreaking ethical decisions under conditions of physical and emotional exhaustion. Evidence shows that the conditions of stress that mark disasters can undermine the process of ethical decision-making. This results in biased allocation of scarce resources, fewer utilitarian and altruistic decisions, and a wider variation in decisions. Stress also predisposes clinicians to decision strategy errors, such as premature closure, that lead to poor outcomes...
November 2, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092741/disaster-preparation-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-a-questionnaire-based-cohort-study-from-a-large-united-states-transplant-center%C3%A2
#15
Shimi Sharief, Daniel Freitas, Deborah Adey, James Wiley
BACKGROUND: Few quantitative assessments have assessed disaster preparation in kidney transplant patients. This is a survey-based assessment of disaster preparedness of 200 patients at the University of California San Francisco, USA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients answered questionnaires assessing their level of preparedness as well as barriers to preparation. Preparedness was scored based on response to 7 questions. Univariate analyses compared participant characteristics extracted from the medical chart against three tertiles of preparedness: low (scores 0 - 2), medium (scores 3 - 4), and high (scores 5 - 7)...
October 26, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081715/the-pros-and-cons-of-researching-events-ethnographically
#16
REVIEW
Thijs van Dooremalen
Events (remarkable, disruptive happenings) are important subjects of study for understanding processes of change. In this essay, I reflect upon the issue of what the ethnographic method has to offer for the analysis of this social phenomenon. To do so, I review three recently published ethnographic studies of events. My conclusion is that it is indeed a very useful method for understanding the feelings and ideas of people who are experiencing eventful situations, for instance around protests or natural disasters...
September 2017: Ethnography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076569/assessing-the-impact-of-vulnerability-on-perceptions-of-social-cohesion-in-the-context-of-community-resilience-to-disaster-in-the-blue-mountains
#17
Sarah Redshaw, Valerie Ingham, Marion McCutcheon, John Hicks, Oliver Burmeister
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of network communications, community participation and elements of vulnerability on the perception of social cohesiveness in the Blue Mountains local government area (Blue Mountains LGA). DESIGN: A questionnaire was administered to residents of the Blue Mountains LGA. Econometric analysis of the resulting data was undertaken. SETTING: Blue Mountains LGA, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: One thousand one hundred and three residents of the Blue Mountains LGA responded to the questionnaire...
October 27, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071473/west-africa-2013-ebola-from-virus-outbreak-to-humanitarian-crisis
#18
Daniel G Bausch
The 2013 outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in West Africa constituted a major humanitarian crisis. The outbreak numbered over 28,500 cases, more than 10 times the number cumulatively registered from all previous EVD outbreaks combined, with at least 11,000 deaths, and resulted in billions of dollars of lost economic growth to an already impoverished region. The unprecedented scale of West Africa 2013 took the world by surprise and laid bare deficiencies in our response capacity to complex humanitarian disasters of highly infectious and lethal pathogens...
October 26, 2017: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070085/the-south-dakota-model-health-care-professions-student-disaster-preparedness-and-deployment-training
#19
Matt P Owens, Cheri Buffington, Michael P Frost, Randall J Waldner
OBJECTIVE: The Association of American Medical Colleges recommended an increase in medical education for public health emergencies, bioterrorism, and weapons of mass destruction in 2003. The University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine (USD SSOM) implemented a 1-day training event to provide disaster preparedness training and deployment organization for health professions students called Disaster Training Day (DTD). METHODS: Hospital staff and emergency medical services personnel provided the lecture portion of DTD using Core Disaster Life Support (CDLS; National Disaster Life Support Foundation) as the framework...
October 26, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069108/the-prevalence-characteristics-and-correlates-of-anger-among-survivors-of-the-9-11-world-trade-center-attacks
#20
Duy Vu Tran, Carol S North
BACKGROUND: Anger is a prominent and common emotion in postdisaster settings. However, there has been little systematic investigation of the association of anger with psychopathology or other individual characteristics in disaster survivors. This study examined anger responses reported by disaster survivors and correlates of that anger. METHODS: Structured interviews were conducted with a volunteer sample of 379 employees of 7 agencies that were highly affected by the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in New York City...
November 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
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