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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331799/the-deepwater-horizon-oil-spill-coast-guard-cohort-study-a-cross-sectional-study-of-acute-respiratory-health-symptoms
#1
Melannie Alexander, Lawrence S Engel, Nathan Olaiya, Li Wang, John Barrett, Laura Weems, Erica G Schwartz, Jennifer A Rusiecki
INTRODUCTION: Over 8500 United States Coast Guard (USCG) personnel were deployed in response to the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill; however, human respiratory effects as a result of spill-related exposures are relatively unknown. METHODS: USCG personnel who responded to the DWH oil spill were queried via survey on exposures to crude oil and oil dispersant, and acute respiratory symptoms experienced during deployment. Adjusted log binomial regressions were used to calculate prevalence ratios (PRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI), investigating the associations between oil spill exposures and respiratory symptoms...
January 10, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327312/examining-the-prospective-relationship-between-pre-disaster-respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia-and-post-disaster-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-in-children
#2
Amy J Mikolajewski, Michael S Scheeringa
Previous studies have examined the concurrent relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and a range of psychophysiological variables, including respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). However, there is a lack of research examining the prospective development of trauma symptomatology, and the directionality of the association between RSA level and PTSD has yet to be determined. The current study is the first prospective study to examine whether RSA level and RSA reactivity are risk factors for PTSD symptoms in children...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325025/towards-an-understanding-of-resilience-responding-to-health-systems-shocks
#3
Johanna Hanefeld, Susannah Mayhew, Helena Legido-Quigley, Frederick Martineau, Marina Karanikolos, Karl Blanchet, Marco Liverani, Esther Yei Mokuwa, Gillian McKay, Dina Balabanova
The recent outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in West Africa has drawn attention to the role and responsiveness of health systems in the face of shock. It brought into sharp focus the idea that health systems need not only to be stronger but also more 'resilient'. In this article, we argue that responding to shocks is an important aspect of resilience, examining the health system behaviour in the face of four types of contemporary shocks: the financial crisis in Europe from 2008 onwards; climate change disasters; the EVD outbreak in West Africa 2013-16; and the recent refugee and migration crisis in Europe...
January 9, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317004/superstorm-sandy-s-impact-on-the-provision-of-wic-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-services-in-new-york-state
#4
Michelle Wemette, Asante Shipp Hilts, Stephanie R Mack, Yunshu Li, Millicent Eidson, Loretta A Santilli, Trang Nguyen, Guthrie S Birkhead
OBJECTIVE: Services provided by the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) were interrupted in 2012 when Superstorm Sandy struck New York State (NYS). The present study evaluates the impact on WIC providers. DESIGN: A focus group, telephone interviews and anonymous online survey were conducted. Qualitative data were analysed by coding transcribed text into key words and identifying major and minor themes for strengths, challenges and recommendations using national public health preparedness capabilities...
January 10, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316999/using-rapid-improvement-events-for-disaster-after-action-reviews-experience-in-a-hospital-information-technology-outage-and-response
#5
Charles M Little, Christopher McStay, Justin Oeth, April Koehler, Kelly Bookman
The use of after-action reviews (AARs) following major emergency events, such as a disaster, is common and mandated for hospitals and similar organizations. There is a recurrent challenge of identified problems not being resolved and repeated in subsequent events. A process improvement technique called a rapid improvement event (RIE) was used to conduct an AAR following a complete information technology (IT) outage at a large urban hospital. Using RIE methodology to conduct the AAR allowed for the rapid development and implementation of major process improvements to prepare for future IT downtime events...
January 10, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310451/lessons-learned-from-hurricane-maria-pharmacists-perspective
#6
Kyle Melin, Wanda T Maldonado, Angel López-Candales
The destruction in Puerto Rico following Hurricane Maria brought an increased demand for health care services while severely limiting the health care system's ability to provide patient care. Immediately following the hurricane, countless patients found themselves in a situation without their medications for both acute and chronic conditions. Many of these patients turned first to community pharmacies for access to their medications. In this letter, we describe the response of pharmacists to the needs of their communities following the natural disaster, Hurricane Maria, and summarize some lessons learned from the experience that may be useful in future disaster planning...
January 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307042/interpretations-of-resilience-and-change-and-the-catalytic-roles-of-media-a-case-of-canadian-daily-newspaper-discourse-on-natural-disasters
#7
Mahed-Ul-Islam Choudhury, C Emdad Haque
The varied interpretations of the concept of resilience in natural hazards research literature has attracted numerous criticisms. A common criticism centers around a poor understanding of the changes caused by natural disasters by the research stream. Considering resilience as a metaphor of change, and newspaper as a catalyst that often highlights post-disaster opportunities for "forward looking" (rather than bouncing back) changes, we examined some specific aspects of change in Canadian communities by analyzing coverage of natural disasters in daily newspapers...
January 6, 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301235/factors-associated-with-maintaining-the-mental-health-of-employees-after-the-fukushima-nuclear-disaster-findings-from-companies-located-in-the-evacuation-area
#8
Masatsugu Orui, Yuriko Suzuki, Aya Goto, Seiji Yasumura
After the nuclear disaster in Fukushima on 11 March 2011, some businesses were permitted to continue operating even though they were located in the evacuation area designated by the Japanese government. The aim of this study was to examine differences in the mental health status, workplace, living environment, and lifestyle of employees in the evacuation and non-evacuation areas. We also investigated factors related to their mental health status. Data for this cross-sectional study were collected from the questionnaire responses of 647 employees at three medium-sized manufacturing companies in the evacuation and non-evacuation areas...
December 31, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297764/development-and-validation-of-telemedicine-for-disaster-response-the-north-atlantic-treaty-organization-multinational-system
#9
Charles R Doarn, Rifat Latifi, Ronald K Poropatich, Natasa Sokolovich, Donald Kosiak, Filip Hostiuc, Claudiu Zoicas, Adrian Buciu, Raed Arafat
BACKGROUND: Disasters, whether natural or manmade, are unpredictable. While there may be some forewarning as in natural disasters like a hurricane, response is often suboptimal. There is a need for an integrated and structured action for all three well defined phases of disaster management (pre-, during, and postdisaster) that must be addressed to ameliorate the impact on life and the necessary steps for recovery. Over the past several decades, telemedicine has been integrated in some form of disaster response...
January 3, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291572/application-of-fuzzy-weight-of-evidence-and-data-mining-techniques-in-construction-of-flood-susceptibility-map-of-poyang-county-china
#10
Haoyuan Hong, Paraskevas Tsangaratos, Ioanna Ilia, Junzhi Liu, A-Xing Zhu, Wei Chen
In China, floods are considered as the most frequent natural disaster responsible for severe economic losses and serious damages recorded in agriculture and urban infrastructure. Based on the international experience prevention of flood events may not be completely possible, however identifying susceptible and vulnerable areas through prediction models is considered as a more visible task with flood susceptibility mapping being an essential tool for flood mitigation strategies and disaster preparedness. In this context, the present study proposes a novel approach to construct a flood susceptibility map in the Poyang County, JiangXi Province, China by implementing fuzzy weight of evidence (fuzzy-WofE) and data mining methods...
December 29, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291243/resilience-and-efficiency-in-transportation-networks
#11
Alexander A Ganin, Maksim Kitsak, Dayton Marchese, Jeffrey M Keisler, Thomas Seager, Igor Linkov
Urban transportation systems are vulnerable to congestion, accidents, weather, special events, and other costly delays. Whereas typical policy responses prioritize reduction of delays under normal conditions to improve the efficiency of urban road systems, analytic support for investments that improve resilience (defined as system recovery from additional disruptions) is still scarce. In this effort, we represent paved roads as a transportation network by mapping intersections to nodes and road segments between the intersections to links...
December 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287974/enhancing-individual-and-community-disaster-preparedness-individuals-with-disabilities-and-others-with-access-and-functional-needs
#12
Judy Kruger, Cynthia F Hinton, Lisa Bundara Sinclair, Brenda Silverman
Preparedness planning is essential to minimizing the impact of disasters on communities and individuals. Attention to the needs of people with disabilities is vital as they have additional needs before, during and after a disaster that are specific to the disabling condition. In this Commentary, we emphasize national guidelines on disability inclusion in emergency preparedness. We examine some potential areas of planning and response that need attention as suggested by preparedness data for people with self-reported disabilities (also referred to as access and functional needs) and highlight selected resources (e...
December 13, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284548/validation-of-a-photographic-seafood-portion-guide-to-assess-fish-and-shrimp-intakes
#13
Anne E Mathews, Ali Al-Rajhi, Andrew S Kane
OBJECTIVE: To validate a novel photographic portion guide as a tool to estimate consumption of fish and shrimp. Application of such a validated tool can facilitate accurate individual and community seafood intake assessments and provide meaningful data relative to health benefits and hazard assessment, particularly in response to environmental contamination and disasters. DESIGN: A photographic fish and shrimp portion guide presenting a stepped range of cooked portion sizes was used by participants to estimate their typical portion sizes...
December 29, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283953/content-accessibility-and-dissemination-of-disaster-information-via-social-media-during-the-2016-louisiana-floods
#14
Katherine K Scott, Nicole A Errett
CONTEXT: Social media is becoming increasingly integrated into disaster response communication strategies of public health and emergency response agencies. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the content, accessibility, and dissemination of social media communications made by government agencies during a disaster response. DESIGN: A cross-sectional analysis of social media posts made by federal, state, and local government, public health and emergency management agencies before, during, and after the 2016 Louisiana floods was conducted to determine their content, accessibility, and dissemination by level of government and time relative to disaster onset...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280422/health-care-coalitions-as-response-organizations-houston-after-hurricane-harvey
#15
Lori Upton, Thomas D Kirsch, Melissa Harvey, Dan Hanfling
Health care coalitions play an increasingly important role in both preparedness for, response to, and recovery from large scale disaster events occurring across the United States. The actions taken by the South East Texas Regional Advisory Council (SETRAC) in response to the landfall of Hurricane Harvey, and the consequential flooding that ensued, serve as an excellent example of how health care coalitions are increasingly needed to play a unifying role in response. This paper highlights a number of the strategic planning, operational planning and response, information sharing, and resource coordination and management activities that were undertaken for the response to Hurricane Harvey...
December 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275086/a-game-theory-approach-for-assessing-risk-value-and-deploying-search-and-rescue-resources-after-devastating-tsunamis
#16
Cheng-Kuang Wu
The current early-warning system and tsunami protection measures tend to fall short because they always underestimate the level of destruction, and it is difficult to predict the level of damage by a devastating tsunami on uncertain targets. As we know, the key to minimizing the total number of fatalities after a disaster is the deployment of search and rescue efforts in the first few hours. However, the resources available to the affected districts for emergency response may be limited. This study proposes two game theoretic models that are designed for search-and-rescue resource allocation...
December 21, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261748/children-s-emotional-experience-two-years-after-an-earthquake-an-exploration-of-knowledge-of-earthquakes-and-associated-emotions
#17
Daniela Raccanello, Roberto Burro, Rob Hall
OBJECTIVES: We explored whether and how the exposure to a natural disaster such as the 2012 Emilia Romagna earthquake affected the development of children's emotional competence in terms of understanding, regulating, and expressing emotions, after two years, when compared with a control group not exposed to the earthquake. We also examined the role of class level and gender. METHOD: The sample included two groups of children (n = 127) attending primary school: The experimental group (n = 65) experienced the 2012 Emilia Romagna earthquake, while the control group (n = 62) did not...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261697/microbial-cells-can-cooperate-to-resist-high-level-chronic-ionizing-radiation
#18
Igor Shuryak, Vera Y Matrosova, Elena K Gaidamakova, Rok Tkavc, Olga Grichenko, Polina Klimenkova, Robert P Volpe, Michael J Daly
Understanding chronic ionizing radiation (CIR) effects is of utmost importance to protecting human health and the environment. Diverse bacteria and fungi inhabiting extremely radioactive waste and disaster sites (e.g. Hanford, Chernobyl, Fukushima) represent new targets of CIR research. We show that many microorganisms can grow under intense gamma-CIR dose rates of 13-126 Gy/h, with fungi identified as a particularly CIR-resistant group of eukaryotes: among 145 phylogenetically diverse strains tested, 78 grew under 36 Gy/h...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251703/a-pilot-registry-of-trauma-surgeons-willing-and-ready-to-respond-to-disasters
#19
Daniel Grabo, Aaron Strumwasser, Kyle Remick, Susan Briggs
BACKGROUND: A well-defined means of organizing surgeons based on functional capabilities in disaster response has been lacking. We sought to create a pilot registry of surgeons, organized by functional capacities, available to respond to disasters in conjunction with the American College of Surgeons Operation Giving Back and to better understand their participation in disaster medicine training. METHODS: The authors conducted a survey of the members of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma and the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma aimed at establishing a pilot registry of qualified trauma surgeons available to respond to disasters...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249908/parent-physical-and-mental-health-comorbidity-and-adolescent-behavior
#20
Lisa M Gargano, Sean Locke, Robert M Brackbill
The objectives of this study were to ascertain behavioral outcomes 10-11 years after 9/11 in adolescents ages 11-18 years (0-8 years old at the time of 9/11) enrolled in the World Trade Center Health Registry (Registry), and relate these outcomes to their 9/11-exposures and to parent health. Behavioral difficulties among adolescents were assessed using the adolescent-reported Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Parental post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was assessed using a 9/11-specific PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version, a cut-off score of 44 or greater was considered probable PTSD...
2017: International Journal of Emergency Mental Health
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