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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203271/a-review-of-the-epidemiology-and-treatment-of-orthopaedic-injuries-after-earthquakes-in-developing-countries
#1
REVIEW
James S MacKenzie, Bibek Banskota, Norachart Sirisreetreerux, Babar Shafiq, Erik A Hasenboehler
BACKGROUND: Earthquakes in developing countries are devastating events. Orthopaedic surgeons play a key role in treating earthquake-related injuries to the extremities. We describe orthopaedic injury epidemiology to help guide response planning for earthquake-related disasters. METHODS: Several databases were searched for articles reporting primary injury after major earthquakes from 1970 to June 2016. We used the following key words: "earthquake" AND "fracture" AND "injury" AND "orthopedic" AND "treatment" AND "epidemiology...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197401/lack-of-cultural-competency-in-international-aid-responses-the-ebola-outbreak-in-liberia
#2
Hannah Grace Southall, Sarah E DeYoung, Curt Andrew Harris
A cornerstone of effective disaster management is that response should always begin and end at the local level (1). The response to the Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in Liberia, West Africa, was a combination of independent efforts by many nations and organizations. Many of these independent efforts ignored or were not able to work with the local levels of emergency management in Liberia. This oversight occurred because of the Liberian's mistrust of both their government and foreign aid groups, as well as the lack of cultural competency demonstrated by the aid groups...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193883/correction-for-slovic-et-al-iconic-photographs-and-the-ebb-and-flow-of-empathic-response-to-humanitarian-disasters
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192055/a-community-checklist-for-health-sector-resilience-informed-by-hurricane-sandy
#4
Eric S Toner, Meghan McGinty, Monica Schoch-Spana, Dale A Rose, Matthew Watson, Erin Echols, Eric G Carbone
This is a checklist of actions for healthcare, public health, nongovernmental organizations, and private entities to use to strengthen the resilience of their community's health sector to disasters. It is informed by the experience of Hurricane Sandy in New York and New Jersey and analyzed in the context of findings from other recent natural disasters in the United States. The health sector is defined very broadly, including-in addition to hospitals, emergency medical services (EMS), and public health agencies-healthcare providers, outpatient clinics, long-term care facilities, home health providers, behavioral health providers, and correctional health services...
January 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192053/ensuring-local-capacity-for-public-health-disaster-response-and-recovery-a-national-imperative
#5
Laura Hanen, Meghan McGinty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190410/the-effect-of-older-age-on-ems-use-for-transportation-to-an-emergency-department
#6
Courtney M C Jones, Erin B Wasserman, Timmy Li, Ashley Amidon, Marissa Abbott, Manish N Shah
: Introduction Previous studies have found that older adults are more likely to use Emergency Medical Services (EMS) than younger adults, but the reasons for this remain understudied. Hypothesis/Problem This study aimed to determine if older age is associated with using EMS for transportation to an emergency department (ED) after controlling for confounding variables. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey study was conducted at a large academic medical center. Data on previous medical history, chief complaint, self-perceived illness severity, demographic information, and mode of arrival to the ED were collected on all subjects...
February 13, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184099/guidance-for-the-model-user-on-representing-human-behavior-in-egress-models
#7
Erica D Kuligowski, Steven M V Gwynne, Michael J Kinsey, Lynn Hulse
Structures are currently designed and constructed in accordance with prescriptive and performance-based (PBD) methodologies to ensure a certain level of occupant safety during fire emergencies. The performance-based approach requires the quantification of both ASET (Available Safe Egress Time) and RSET (Required Safe Egress Time) to determine the degree of safety provided. This article focuses on the RSET side of the equation, for which a fire protection or fire safety engineer would use some type of egress modelling approach to estimate evacuation performance...
March 2017: Fire Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179044/translating-battlefield-practices-to-disaster-health
#8
Kandra Strauss-Riggs, Kevin Yeskey, Aubrey Miller, Stacey Arnesen, Craig Goolsby
We review aspects of the recently released National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine report A National Trauma Care System: Integrating Military and Civilian Trauma Systems to Achieve Zero Preventable Deaths After Injury most relevant to disaster health, particularly the concepts of focused empiricism and building a learning health system. The article references battlefield success utilizing these concepts and the emerging Disaster Research Response Program. We call upon disaster health researchers to apply the report's recommendations to their work...
February 9, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164582/the-use-of-lipid-peroxidation-expression-as-a-biomarker-for-the-molecular-damage-in-the-critically-ill-polytrauma-patient
#9
REVIEW
Florin G Horhat, Alexandru F Rogobete, Marius Papurica, Dorel Sandesc, Sonia Tanasescu, Victor Dumitrascu, Monica Licker, Razvan Nitu, Carmen A Cradigati, Mirela Sarandan, Ovidiu Boruga, Ciprian D Crisan, Emil Ungureanu, Daniela M Popa, Sonia E Popovici, Ovidiu H Bedreag
BACKGROUND: The critically ill polytrauma patient, apart from the primary, traumatic injuries and the secondary, port-traumatic injuries, presents with a series of molecular disasters. Dysfunctions of the biochemical pathways and molecular damage add to the worsening of the clinical status of these patients, one of the most well-known molecular phenomena being oxidative stress (OS), responsible for an escalation of the inflammatory status, multiple infections, and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS)...
September 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162118/public-perception-of-extreme-cold-weather-related-health-risk-in-a-cold-area-of-northeast-china
#10
Jie Ban, Li Lan, Chao Yang, Jian Wang, Chen Chen, Ganlin Huang, Tiantian Li
OBJECTIVE: A need exists for public health strategies regarding extreme weather disasters, which in recent years have become more frequent. This study aimed to understand the public's perception of extreme cold and its related health risks, which may provide detailed information for public health preparedness during an extreme cold weather event. METHODS: To evaluate public perceptions of cold-related health risk and to identify vulnerable groups, we collected responses from 891 participants in a face-to-face survey in Harbin, China...
February 6, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162117/setting-foundations-for-developing-disaster-response-metrics
#11
Mahshid Abir, Sue Anne Bell, Neha Puppala, Osama Awad, Melinda Moore
There are few reported efforts to define universal disaster response performance measures. Careful examination of responses to past disasters can inform the development of such measures. As a first step toward this goal, we conducted a literature review to identify key factors in responses to 3 recent events with significant loss of human life and economic impact: the 2003 Bam, Iran, earthquake; the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami; and the 2010 Haiti earthquake. Using the PubMed (National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD) database, we identified 710 articles and retained 124 after applying inclusion and exclusion criteria...
February 6, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154787/survivors-solidarity-and-attachment-in-the-immediate-aftermath-of-the-typhoon-haiyan-philippines
#12
Andrea Bartolucci, Michele Magni
INTRODUCTION: Anti-social behavior and self-preservation are often assumed to be normal responses to threats and disasters; on the contrary, decades of research and empirical studies in social sciences showed that pro-social behaviors are frequently common and that solidarity is the typical response to a variety of threats. The main objective of this study is to investigate and describe survivors' behavior, especially solidarity, according to the presence of familiar persons and to the perception of physical danger, elaborating the framework of Mawson's social attachment theory...
January 9, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153060/how-to-choose-using-the-delphi-method-to-develop-consensus-triggers-and-indicators-for-disaster-response
#13
Rebecca Lis, Vicki Sakata, Onora Lien
OBJECTIVE: To identify key decisions along the continuum of care (conventional, contingency, and crisis) and the critical triggers and data elements used to inform those decisions concerning public health and health care response during an emergency. METHODS: A classic Delphi method, a consensus-building survey technique, was used with clinicians around Washington State to identify regional triggers and indicators. Additionally, using a modified Delphi method, we combined a workshop and single-round survey with panelists from public health (state and local) and health care coalitions to identify consensus state-level triggers and indicators...
February 3, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150265/-ethical-debates-related-to-the-allocation-of-medical-resources-during-the-response-to-the-mass-casualty-incident-at-formosa-fun-coast-water-park
#14
Jing-Shia Tang, Chia-Jung Chen, Mei-Chih Huang
Disasters are unpredictable and often result in mass casualties. Limited medical resources often affect the response to mass casualty incidents, undermining the ability of responders to adequately protect all of the casualties. Thus, the injuries of casualties are classified in hopes of fully utilizing medical resources efficiently in order to save the maximum possible number of people. However, as opinions on casualty prioritization are subjective, disagreements and disputes often arise regarding allocating medical resources...
February 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148311/special-considerations-for-mass-violence-events-in-senior-living-facilities-a-case-report-on-the-pinelake-health-and-rehab-center-shooting
#15
Cody Martin, David Powell
The 2009 Pinelake Health and Rehab Center shooting in Carthage, North Carolina, presents a unique case study for examining the specific considerations for mass violence events in senior living facilities. A variety of factors, including reduced sensory perception, reduced mobility, and cognitive decline, may increase the vulnerability of the populations of senior living facilities during mass violence events. Management of response aspects such as evacuation, relocation, and reunification also require special consideration in the context of mass violence at senior living facilities...
February 2, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137997/individual-and-public-interests-in-clinical-research-during-epidemics-a-reply-to-calain-in-response-to-calain-p-the-ebola-clinical-trials-a-precedent-for-research-ethics-in-disasters
#16
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137341/evaluating-the-potential-benefits-of-advanced-automatic-crash-notification
#17
Rebecca E Plevin, Robert Kaufman, Laura Fraade-Blanar, Eileen M Bulger
OBJECTIVE: Advanced Automatic Collision Notification (AACN) services in passenger vehicles capture crash data during collisions that could be transferred to Emergency Medical Services (EMS) providers. This study explored how EMS response times and other crash factors impacted the odds of fatality. The goal was to determine if information transmitted by AACN could help decrease mortality by allowing EMS providers to be better prepared upon arrival at the scene of a collision. METHODS: The Crash Injury Research and Engineering Network (CIREN) database of the US Department of Transportation/National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (USDOT/NHTSA; Washington DC, USA) was searched for all fatal crashes between 1996 and 2012...
January 31, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137323/challenging-assumptions-what-do-we-need-to-address-in-our-disaster-risk-reduction-efforts
#18
Tudor A Codreanu, Hanh Ngo, Andrew Robertson, Antonio Celenza
: Introduction Specific knowledge and skills are required, especially in the first 72 hours post-disaster, to bridge the time gap until essential services are restored and Emergency Medical Services (EMS) can focus on individuals' needs. This study explores disaster knowledge and preparedness in the first 72 hours as a function of the individual's engagement in discussions about disasters, and several other factors (both at personal and community/country level), as well as the entities/organizations perceived by the individual as being responsible for disaster risk reduction (DRR) education...
January 31, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135337/the-promise-and-limitations-of-using-analogies-to-improve-decision-relevant-understanding-of-climate-change
#19
Kaitlin T Raimi, Paul C Stern, Alexander Maki
To make informed choices about how to address climate change, members of the public must develop ways to consider established facts of climate science and the uncertainties about its future trajectories, in addition to the risks attendant to various responses, including non-response, to climate change. One method suggested for educating the public about these issues is the use of simple mental models, or analogies comparing climate change to familiar domains such as medical decision making, disaster preparedness, or courtroom trials...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134070/earthquake-related-orthopedic-injuries-in-adult-population-a-systematic-review
#20
Michelangelo Bortolin, Ilaria Morelli, Amalia Voskanyan, Nina R Joyce, Gregory R Ciottone
: Introduction Earthquake-related trauma results in crush injuries and bony- and soft-tissue trauma. There are no systematic reviews analyzing the typical injury patterns and treatments in "Mega-Mass-Casualty" earthquakes. The characterization of an injury pattern specific to disaster type, be it natural or manmade, is imperative to build an effective disaster preparedness and response system. METHODS: The systematic review was conducted in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA)...
January 30, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
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