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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905966/rapid-assessment-of-disability-in-the-philippines-understanding-prevalence-well-being-and-access-to-the-community-for-people-with-disabilities-to-inform-the-w-dare-project
#1
Manjula Marella, Alexandra Devine, Graeme Ferdinand Armecin, Jerome Zayas, Ma Jesusa Marco, Cathy Vaughan
BACKGROUND: International recognition that people with disabilities were excluded from the Millennium Development Goals has led to better inclusion of people with disabilities in the recently agreed Global Goals for Sustainable Development (SDGs) 2015-2030. Given the current global agenda for disability inclusion, it is crucial to increase the understanding of the situation of people with disabilities in the Philippines. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of disability and compare the well-being and access to the community between people with and without disabilities...
August 2, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900935/rumination-in-posttraumatic-stress-and-growth-after-a-natural-disaster-a-model-from-northern-chile-2014-earthquakes
#2
Francisco Leal-Soto, Marcos Carmona-Halty, Rodrigo Ferrer-Urbina
BACKGROUND: Traumatic experiences, such as natural disasters, produce multiple and serious impacts on people. Despite the traditional focus on negative consequences, in many cases there are also positive consequences, such as posttraumatic growth. Tedeschi and Calhoun proposed a model of posttraumatic growth that emphasizes the role of rumination after the basic beliefs breakdown due to the occurrence of a traumatic experience. METHOD: A total of 238 volunteers affected by two major earthquakes and tsunami alerts in northern Chile on April 1 and 2, 2014, responded to an online survey measuring subjective severity, basic beliefs change, social share of emotion, rumination, posttraumatic stress, and posttraumatic growth...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898554/a-history-of-pas-in-the-us-public-health-service
#3
Mark F McKinnon, Epifanio Elizondo, Susan M Bonfiglio, Robin N Hunter-Buskey, Frances P Placide, Rebecca A Bunnell
Since 1798, the men and women of the Commissioned Corps of the US Public Health Service (USPHS), one of the seven US uniformed services, have served on the front lines of public health. Two hundred years after the start of the USPHS, the first physician assistant (PA) entered the service to carry on the tradition of protecting, promoting, and advancing the health and safety of the nation. These dedicated clinicians are involved in healthcare delivery to underserved and vulnerable populations, disease control and prevention, biomedical research, food and drug regulation, and national and international response efforts for natural and man-made disasters...
December 2016: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895097/mass-media-communication-of-emergency-issues-and-countermeasures-in-a-nuclear-accident-fukushima-reporting-in-european-newspapers
#4
Eduardo Gallego, Marie Claire Cantone, Deborah H Oughton, Tanja Perko, Iztok Prezelj, Yevgeniya Tomkiv
This paper presents the results of a large study of 1340 articles published by two major newspapers in six European countries (Belgium, Italy, Norway, Slovenia, Spain and Russia) in the first 2 months after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. The focus of the analysis is on the application and overall impact of protective actions, both during the emergency phase and later, how the newspapers describe those actions, which differences were apparent between countries and what recommendations can be extracted in order to improve general communication about these issues...
November 28, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890030/longitudinal-emergency-medical-technician-attributes-and-demographic-study-leads-design-and-methodology
#5
Roger Levine
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to describe the Longitudinal Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) Attributes and Demographic Study (LEADS) design, instrument development, pilot testing, sampling procedures, and data collection methodology. Response rates are provided, along with results of follow-up surveys of non-responders (NRs) and a special survey of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) professionals who were not nationally certified. METHODS: Annual surveys from 1999 to 2008 were mailed out to a random, stratified sample of nationally registered EMT-Basics and Paramedics...
November 28, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884501/influence-of-living-environment-and-subjective-economic-hardship-on-new-onset-of-low-back-pain-for-survivors-of-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#6
Yutaka Yabe, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Takuya Sekiguchi, Yumi Sugawara, Mari Sato, Kenji Kanazawa, Masashi Koide, Nobuyuki Itaya, Masahiro Tsuchiya, Ichiro Tsuji, Eiji Itoi
BACKGROUND: The Great East Japan Earthquake and subsequent tsunami devastated the northeastern part of Japan. Low back pain is thought to increase after a natural disaster and is related to various factors. The aim of this study was to examine the influencing factors of "Living environment" and "Subjective economic hardship" on new-onset of low back pain in the chronic phase for the survivors of the earthquake evaluated by a self-report questionnaire. METHODS: A panel study was conducted with the Great East Japan Earthquake survivors at 2 and 3 years after the disaster...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884215/public-perception-of-emergency-medical-services-in-the-united-states
#7
Remle P Crowe, Roger Levine, Severo Rodriguez, Ashley D Larrimore, Ronald G Pirrallo
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the public's experience, expectations, and perceptions related to Emergency Medical Services (EMS). METHODS: A population-based telephone interview of adults in the United States was conducted. The survey instrument consisted of 112 items. Demographic variables including age, race, political beliefs, and household income were collected. Data collection was performed by trained interviewers from Kent State University's (Kent, Ohio USA)Social Research Laboratory...
November 25, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881208/the-west-africa-disaster-preparedness-initiative-strengthening-national-capacities-for-all-hazards-disaster-preparedness
#8
Melinda J Morton Hamer, Paul L Reed, Jane D Greulich, Gabor D Kelen, Nicole A Bradstreet, Charles W Beadling
OBJECTIVE: The Ebola outbreak demonstrated the need for improved disaster response throughout West Africa. The West Africa Disaster Preparedness Initiative was a training and assessment effort led by US Africa Command and partners to strengthen capacities among 12 West African partner nations (PNs). METHODS: Series of 3-week training sessions with representatives from each PN were held from 13 July through 20 November 2015 at the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre in Accra, Ghana...
November 24, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873296/emergency-preparedness-of-veterans-and-nonveterans
#9
Joseph F Iii Geiger
This study examined statistical differences in levels of disaster preparedness between former members of the US Armed Forces (veterans) and civilians (nonveterans). It was hypothesized that veterans would exhibit a higher degree of disaster preparedness as compared to their nonveteran counterparts as a consequence of their training and life experience. Furthermore, if this were proven to be valid, the finding would identify this cohort as an ideal target audience for emergency and disaster preparedness education efforts...
September 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866382/immunotoxic-effects-of-in-vitro-exposure-of-dolphin-lymphocytes-to-louisiana-sweet-crude-oil-and-corexit%C3%A2
#10
Natasha D White, Celine Godard-Codding, Sarah J Webb, Gregory D Bossart, Patricia A Fair
The Deepwater Horizon oil spill was one of the worst environmental disasters on record in the United States. Response efforts to reduce the magnitude of the oil slick included the use of thousands of gallons of the chemical dispersant Corexitâ„¢ in surface and deep-water environments. The immunotoxicity of Louisiana sweet crude oil and the chemical dispersant Corexit was examined using lymphocyte proliferation (LP) and natural killer cell (NK) assays as measures of impact on the adaptive (LP) and innate (NK) immune response in bottlenose dolphins...
November 20, 2016: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863583/disaster-planning-preparedness-mitigation-response-and-recovery-a-call-for-all-nurses-to-action
#11
EDITORIAL
Stephen D Krau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863582/vehicle-of-hope-faith-based-disaster-response
#12
REVIEW
Deborah J Persell
In August 2005, the United States experienced one of the most catastrophic and costly disasters in its history: Hurricane Katrina. Faith-based Organizations (FBOs) made a major contribution to the response and recovery efforts. Whereas the activities and skill sets of FBOs vary, their core missions are very similar: they want to provide hope. As a concept, hope has been purported to be essential for health and well-being, is viewed as multidimensional and a life force, as well as is highly individualized. This mixed methods study used interviews of the phenomenology tradition and the Herth Hope Index...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863578/wildfire-disasters-and-nursing
#13
REVIEW
Patricia Frohock Hanes
Multiple factors contribute to wildfires in California and other regions: drought, winds, climate change, and spreading urbanization. Little has been done to study the multiple roles of nurses related to wildfire disasters. Major nursing organizations support disaster education for nurses. It is essential for nurses to recognize their roles in each phase of the disaster cycle: mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery. Skills learned in the US federal all-hazards approach to disasters can then be adapted to more specific disasters, such as wildfires, and issues affecting health care...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863576/federal-emergency-management-agency-response-in-rural-appalachia-a-tale-of-miscommunication-unrealistic-expectations-and-hurt-hurt-hurt
#14
REVIEW
Lauren M Oppizzi, Susan Speraw
In spring of 2012, rural southeastern Kentucky was impacted by torrential storms and flooding that activated federal disaster response through Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). This qualitative research study examines the experience of community members affected by the Kentucky floods of 2012 (N=9) and describes their interactions with FEMA representatives, in their own voice, thereby giving insight into gaps in rural disaster response. The principal investigator spent 6 weeks living in the community and conducted open-ended interviews...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863575/complicated-realities-mental-health-and-moral-incongruence-in-disaster-humanitarian-response
#15
REVIEW
Suzanne M Boswell
In the course of disaster/humanitarian response, providers are exposed to chaotic environments riddled with morally complex situations. This article disseminates research findings that highlight the impact of moral incongruence on responder mental health within the disaster/humanitarian setting by focusing on the theme "Everything was gray." The information is extracted from a larger, mixed methods study examining numerous variables considered within relevant literature to be influential in the occurrence of psychological distress among disaster/humanitarian responders...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863573/national-disaster-health-consortium-competency-based-training-and-a-report-on-the-american-nurses-credentialing-center-disaster-certification-development
#16
REVIEW
Sherrill J Smith, Sharon L Farra
As the largest profession of health care providers, nurses are an integral component of disaster response. Having clearly delineated competencies and developing training to acquire those competencies are needed to ensure nurses are ready when disasters occur. This article provides a review of nursing and interprofessional disaster competencies and development of a new interprofessional disaster certification. An overview of a standardized disaster training program, the National Disaster Health Consortium, is provided as an exemplar of a competency-based interprofessional disaster education program...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849509/responding-to-trauma-at-sea-a-case-study-in-psychological-first-aid-unique-occupational-stressors-and-resiliency-self-care
#17
Jeffrey Millegan, Eileen M Delaney, Warren Klam
The U.S. Navy deploys Special Psychiatric Rapid Intervention Teams (SPRINT) to sites of military disasters to assist survivors and the command. SPRINT functions primarily as a consultant to help commands effectively respond to the mental health needs of their service members following a traumatic event. Utilizing the principles of psychological first aid, the overall goal of SPRINT is to mitigate long-term mental health dysfunction and facilitate recovery at both the individual and unit level. We present a case study of a SPRINT mission to a deployed U...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842565/regional-anesthesia-for-painful-injuries-after-disasters-rapid-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Adam C Levine, Carrie Teicher, Adam R Aluisio, Tess Wiskel, Pola Valles, Miguel Trelles, Justin Glavis-Bloom, Rebecca F Grais
BACKGROUND: Lower extremity trauma during earthquakes accounts for the largest burden of disaster-related injuries. Insufficient pain management is common in resource-limited disaster settings, and regional anesthesia (RA) may reduce pain in injured patients beyond current standards of care. To date, no controlled trials have been conducted to evaluate the use of RA for pain management in a disaster setting. METHODS/DESIGN: The Regional Anesthesia for Painful Injuries after Disasters (RAPID) study aims to evaluate whether regional anesthesia (RA), either with or without ultrasound (US) guidance, can reduce pain from earthquake-related lower limb injuries in a disaster setting...
November 14, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835039/public-expectations-of-hospitals-to-provide-resources-and-services-to-the-uninjured-during-disasters-a-qualitative-study
#19
Rachel L Charney, Terri Rebmann, Preeti Dalawari, Amy Endrizal
Hospitals are perceived as stable sources of support and assistance for the community during disasters. Expectations may outstrip hospital plans or ability to provide for the public. The purpose of this project was to explore racial disparities found in prior research and general perceptions related to the public's expectations of hospitals during disasters. Qualitative interviews were conducted with members of the general public. Content analysis was used to analyze the data and identify themes that describe racial differences related to public expectations of hospitals...
November 11, 2016: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834915/opioid-substitution-treatment-planning-in-a-disaster-context-perspectives-from-emergency-management-and-health-professionals-in-aotearoa-new-zealand
#20
Denise Blake, Antonia Lyons
Opioid Substitution Treatment (OST) is a harm reduction strategy enabling opiate consumers to avoid withdrawal symptoms and maintain health and wellbeing. Some research shows that within a disaster context service disruptions and infrastructure damage affect OST services, including problems with accessibility, dosing, and scripts. Currently little is known about planning for OST in the reduction and response phases of a disaster. This study aimed to identify the views of three professional groups working in Aotearoa/New Zealand about OST provision following a disaster...
November 10, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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