keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

humanitarian surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411067/american-college-of-surgeons-member-involvement-in-global-surgery-results-from-the-2015-operation-giving-back-survey
#1
Marissa A Boeck, Laura F Goodman, Yihan Lin, Brittanie Wilczak, Girma Tefera
BACKGROUND: Five billion people worldwide lack access to safe surgery. American College of Surgeons (ACS) members have a strong history of humanitarian and volunteer work. Since its founding in 2004, Operation Giving Back (OGB) has served as a volunteer resource portal. This study sought to understand current activities, needs, and barriers to ACS member volunteerism, and to re-assess the role of OGB. METHODS: A 25-question electronic survey was sent to ACS members in August 2015...
February 6, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340725/decision-making-in-management-of-the-complex-trauma-patient-changing-the-mindset-of-the-non-trauma-surgeon
#2
Linda Sonesson, Kenneth Boffard, Lars Lundberg, Martin Rydmark, Klas Karlgren
BACKGROUND: European surgeons are frequently subspecialized and trained primarily in elective surgical techniques. As trauma leaders, they may occasionally have to deal with complex polytrauma, advanced management techniques, differing priorities, and the need for multidisciplinary care. There is a lack of expertise, experience, and a low trauma volume, as well as a lack of research, with limited support as to the decision-making and teaching challenges present. We studied what experienced trauma experts describe as the challenges that are specific to the advanced surgical decision-making required, whether civilian, humanitarian, or military...
January 16, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310562/programmatic-changes-to-reduce-mortality-and-morbidity-in-humanitarian-congenital-cardiac-surgery
#3
Tyler J Wallen, George J Arnaoutakis, Randa Blenden, Rodrigo Soto
BACKGROUND: This report documents the outcomes of cardiac surgical mission trips organized by the International Children's Heart Foundation (ICHF), a nongovernmental organization that provides congenital heart surgery services to the developing world, and discusses factors associated with a reduction of mortality and morbidity in this setting. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database was conducted to identify any patient who underwent surgical intervention during the course of an ICHF mission trip...
January 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283950/evaluating-resident-perspectives-on-international-humanitarian-missions
#4
Matthew D Chetta, Afaaf Shakir, Laurence S Paek, Gordon K Lee
BACKGROUND: Opportunities for international missions are highly sought after by medical students, residents, and attending plastic surgeons. The educational benefits and ethical considerations of trainees participating in these ventures have been extensively debated. At the time of this writing, many surgical training programs lack the necessary infrastructure or funds to support missions of this sort. Despite the increasing interest, the perceived benefit of international work has not yet been well studied...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192866/frontoethmoidal-meningoencephalocele-appraisal-of-a-craniofacial-surgical-teaching-program-in-cambodia
#5
Franck-Emmanuel Roux, Cheng Ngiep Ou, Ratha Soum, James Gollogly, Imène Djidjeli, Frédéric Lauwers
OBJECTIVE The treatment of frontoethmoidal meningoencephaloceles (fMECs) in Cambodia was not possible before the development of a program that taught some Khmer surgeons (working at the Children's Surgical Centre in Phnom Penh) how to surgically correct these deformities without any foreign help. The results of that teaching program are discussed in this paper. METHODS Between 2004 and 2009, both local and visiting foreign neurosurgical and craniofacial surgeons (the visitors coming twice a year) worked together to operate on 200 patients, and a report on those cases was published in 2010...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189278/reducing-maternal-mortality-in-papua-new-guinea-contextualizing-access-to-safe-surgery-and-anesthesia
#6
Alicia T Dennis
Papua New Guinea has one of the world's highest maternal mortality rates with approximately 215 women dying per 100,000 live births. The sustainable development goals outline key priority areas for achieving a reduction in maternal mortality including a focus on universal health coverage with safe surgery and anesthesia for all pregnant women. This narrative review addresses the issue of reducing maternal mortality in Papua New Guinea by contextualizing the need for safe obstetric surgery and anesthesia within a structure of enabling environments at key times in a woman's life...
January 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151384/endoscopic-ear-surgery-in-the-ear-camp-setting-forward-thinking-or-folly
#7
M P A Clark
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic ear surgery is becoming an accepted technique in otological surgery, in the management of chronic otitis media. METHODS: The technique was introduced to the humanitarian care setting of an ear camp in Nepal to consider the appropriateness of the technique in this type of clinical setting. RESULTS: Fifteen cases of myringoplasty were successfully completed. CONCLUSION: The apparent advantages of the endoscopic approach over the traditional microscopic one were the ease of transporting the equipment and the optimal view obtained of the tympanic membrane...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111084/a-model-for-humanitarian-outreach-in-today-s-world
#8
REVIEW
James A O'Neill
The traditional model for humanitarian work for surgeons has been a few long-term people and a larger number of volunteers on short-term missions to needy places for one or two weeks with limited opportunity for follow-up. While a great deal of good has resulted from these efforts, in the long term not much has changed. Recent studies like the U.N. Millennium Development Goals and the Lancet Commission Report, Surgery 2030, have pointed out that the burden of surgical disease is the major public health issue in the world, such that an estimated five billion people worldwide do not have access to safe surgery and anesthesia, with the largest number being in Africa where almost half of the population is less than age 18years...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070092/late-management-of-truncus-arteriosus-20-years-of-humanitarian-experience
#9
Marielle Gouton, Vincent Lucet, Olivier Bical, Francine Leca
OBJECTIVES: Early surgical management of common arterial trunk is well established and has good prognosis. Late diagnosis is less common. We reviewed late-diagnosed common arterial trunk management and prognosis for children in developing countries. We also discuss the need for prior catheterisation. Material and methods We reviewed all common arterial trunk patients managed by our humanitarian organization since 1996. RESULTS: A total of 41 children with common arterial trunk were managed at a mean age of 3 years old...
October 26, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973089/us-military-engagement-in-humanitarian-surgery-what-is-the-mandate
#10
Sherry M Wren, John Oh, Eric Elster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910487/remote-dental-surgery-as-a-medical-civilian-assistance-program-medcap-helping-iraqi-kurdish-and-u-s-forces-win-hearts-and-minds-in-the-fight-against-daesh
#11
Bryan Ferreira
Dr Ferreira discusses the work of the Humanitarian Aid and Security Forces (HASF) in providing volunteer dental services to a local Christian militia in Mosul, Iraq.
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887764/humanitarianism-in-surgery
#12
A D Schroeder, G Campanelli, M Cavalli, R Cusick, R Fitzgibbons, A Gilbert, C Lawson, J Manion, B Matthews, W Reinpold, S Roll, L-F Telemaque, J P Wagner, D C Chen, C J Filipi
PURPOSE: Humanitarianism is by definition a moral of kindness, benevolence and sympathy extended to all human beings. In our view as surgeons working in underserved countries, humanitarianism means performing the best operation in the best possible circumstances with high income country (HIC) results and training in-country surgeons to do the same. Hernia Repair for the Underserved (HRFU), a not for profit organization, is developing a long term public health initiative for hernia surgery in Western Hemisphere countries...
September 8, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871660/clinical-echocardiographic-and-therapeutic-aspects-of-congenital-heart-diseases-of-children-at-douala-general-hospital-a-cross-sectional-study-in-sub-saharan-africa
#13
Félicité Kamdem, Danielle Kedy Koum, Ba Hamadou, Mélanie Yemdji, Henry Luma, Marie Solange Doualla, Diomède Noukeu, Esther Barla, Christophe Akazong, Anastase Dzudie, Henry Ngote, Yves Monkam, Sidiki Mouliom, Samuel Kingue
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular diseases in pediatric pathologies have emerged in the recent years in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), with congenital heart diseases (CHDs) being the most frequent. Unfortunately, their diagnosis is usually delayed, thereby increasing childhood morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVES: Describe the clinical, echocardiographic, and therapeutic aspects of CHDs of children at Douala General Hospital. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional descriptive study over a 10-year period, from January 2006 to December 2015...
September 4, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864266/the-colorado-humanitarian-surgical-skills-workshop-a-cadaver-based-workshop-to-prepare-residents-for-surgery-in-austere-settings
#14
Yihan Lin, Swagoto Mukhopadhyay, Robert A Meguid, David P Kuwayama
OBJECTIVE: Interest in humanitarian surgery is high among surgical and obstetric residents. The Colorado Humanitarian Surgical Skills Workshop is an annual 2-day course exposing senior residents to surgical techniques essential in low- and middle-income countries but not traditionally taught in US residencies. We evaluated the course's ability to foster resident comfort, knowledge, and competence in these skills. DESIGN: The cohort of course participants was studied prospectively...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657589/surgical-outreach-for-children-by-international-humanitarian-organizations-a-review
#15
REVIEW
J Matthew Kynes, Laura Zeigler, Kelly McQueen
Low- and middle-income countries carry a disproportionate share of the global burden of pediatric surgical disease and have limited local healthcare infrastructure and human resources to address this burden. Humanitarian efforts that have improved or provided access to necessary basic or emergency surgery for children in these settings have included humanitarian assistance and disaster relief, short-term surgical missions, and long-term projects such as building pediatric specialty hospitals and provider networks...
June 28, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551916/-high-velocity-penetrating-head-and-neck-injuries-of-syrian-civil-war-casualties-treated-in-the-galilee-medical-center
#16
Ohad Ronen, Nidal Assadi, Eyal Sela
INTRODUCTION: For two years the State of Israel has been treating casualties from the Syrian civil war. The Galilee Medical Center in Nahariya is the main hospital for this humanitarian mission. Objectives: To evaluate the demographic and clinical characteristics of the casualties that were treated in our department. METHODS: Information from medical records of all Syrian casualties evacuated to the Galilee Medical Center were evaluated. RESULTS: Between March 2013 and December 2014, 450 casualties were evacuated to the Galilee Medical Center...
May 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538021/global-surgery-current-evidence-for-improving-surgical-care
#17
Jennifer C Fuller, David A Shaye
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The field of global surgery is undergoing rapid transformation, owing to several recent prominent reports positioning it as a cost-effective means of relieving global disease burden. The purpose of this article is to review the recent advances in the field of global surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Efforts to grow the global surgical workforce and procedural capacity have focused on innovative methods to increase surgeon training, enhance international collaboration, leverage technology, optimize existing health systems, and safely implement task-sharing...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446973/bronchoscopic-valves-for-prolonged-air-leak-current-status-and-technique
#18
REVIEW
Amit K Mahajan, Sandeep J Khandhar
Unidirectional airway valves are devices used for the treatment of persistent air leaks (PALs) secondary to alveolar-pleural fistulas (APF) or bronchopleural fistulas (BPFs). These valves were originally developed as a non-surgical alternative to lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Randomized trials investigating the use of valves for bronchoscopic LVRS did not lead to the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) approval, but stemming from these studies a Humanitarian Device Exemption (HDE) was granted to Spiration intrabronchial valves (IBVs) for the treatment of PALs...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431699/denton-a-cooley-august-22-1920-to-november-18-2016
#19
Charles D Fraser
The world lost a medical trailblazer and inspirational humanitarian with the passing of Denton A. Cooley on November 18, 2016. The 28th president of The Society of Thoracic Surgeons, Cooley was an icon of the astounding progress of cardiovascular medicine in the 20th century and a visionary pioneer who shaped modern surgery.
May 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422614/electronic-follow-up-of-developing-world-cleft-patients-a-digital-dream
#20
Tom W M Walker, Ambika Chadha, William Rodgers, Caroline Mills, Peter Ayliffe
OBJECTIVE: To identify potential access to telemedicine follow-up of children with clefts operated on a humanitarian mission. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of parents of children presenting to a humanitarian cleft lip and palate mission in a Provincial Hospital in the Philippines. A purpose designed questionnaire was used to assess access to electronic and digital resources that could be used to aid follow-up. Forty-five (N = 45) parents of children having primary cleft lip and or palate surgery participated...
April 19, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
keyword
keyword
52691
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"