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Erin daniels

Kelly Russell, Michael G Hutchison, Erin Selci, Jeff Leiter, Daniel Chateau, Michael J Ellis
BACKGROUND: Many concussion symptoms, such as headaches, vision problems, or difficulty remembering or concentrating may deleteriously affect school functioning. Our objective was to determine if academic performance was lower in the academic calendar year that students sustain a concussion compared to the previous year when they did not sustain a concussion. METHODS: Using Manitoba Health and Manitoba Education data, we conducted a population-based, controlled before-after study from 2005-2006 to 2010-2011 academic years...
2016: PloS One
Vivian E Strong, Sepideh Gholami, Manish A Shah, Laura H Tang, Yelena Y Janjigian, Mark Schattner, Luke V Selby, Sam S Yoon, Erin Salo-Mullen, Zsofia K Stadler, David Kelsen, Murray F Brennan, Daniel G Coit
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe postoperative outcomes of total gastrectomy at our institution for patients with hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (HDGC). BACKGROUND: HDGC, which is mainly caused by germline mutations in the E-cadherin gene (CDH1), renders a lifetime risk of gastric cancer of up to 70%, prompting a recommendation for prophylactic total gastrectomy. METHODS: A prospective gastric cancer database identified 41 patients with CDH1 mutation who underwent total gastrectomy during 2005 to 2015...
October 17, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Robert Z Tashjian, Daniel T Lilly, Aaron M Isaacson, Cory E Georgopoulos, Stephen P Bettwieser, Robert T Burks, Patrick E Greis, Angela P Presson, Erin K Granger, Yue Zhang
Reported rates of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after shoulder arthroplasty (SA) range from 0.2% to 13%. Few studies have evaluated the incidence of VTE in a large patient population from a single institution. We conducted a study to determine the incidence of VTE (deep venous thrombosis [DVT] and pulmonary embolism [PE]) in a large series of SAs. Cases of SAs performed at our institution between January 1999 and May 2012 were retrospectively reviewed for development of symptomatic VTE within the first 90 days after surgery...
September 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
Naomi H Philip, Alexandra DeLaney, Lance W Peterson, Melanie Santos-Marrero, Jennifer T Grier, Yan Sun, Meghan A Wynosky-Dolfi, Erin E Zwack, Baofeng Hu, Tayla M Olsen, Anthony Rongvaux, Scott D Pope, Carolina B López, Andrew Oberst, Daniel P Beiting, Jorge Henao-Mejia, Igor E Brodsky
Caspases regulate cell death programs in response to environmental stresses, including infection and inflammation, and are therefore critical for the proper operation of the mammalian immune system. Caspase-8 is necessary for optimal production of inflammatory cytokines and host defense against infection by multiple pathogens including Yersinia, but whether this is due to death of infected cells or an intrinsic role of caspase-8 in TLR-induced gene expression is unknown. Caspase-8 activation at death signaling complexes results in its autoprocessing and subsequent cleavage and activation of its downstream apoptotic targets...
October 2016: PLoS Pathogens
Andrés Norambuena, Horst Wallrabe, Lloyd McMahon, Antonia Silva, Eric Swanson, Shahzad S Khan, Daniel Baerthlein, Erin Kodis, Salvatore Oddo, James W Mandell, George S Bloom
A major obstacle to presymptomatic diagnosis and disease-modifying therapy for Alzheimer's disease (AD) is inadequate understanding of molecular mechanisms of AD pathogenesis. For example, impaired brain insulin signaling is an AD hallmark, but whether and how it might contribute to the synaptic dysfunction and neuron death that underlie memory and cognitive impairment has been mysterious. Neuron death in AD is often caused by cell cycle reentry (CCR) mediated by amyloid-β oligomers (AβOs) and tau, the precursors of plaques and tangles...
September 29, 2016: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
Amanda Darekar, Martin Carlsson, Sheila Quinn, Fady Ntanios, Erin Mangan, Daniel Arumi, David Scholfield
The ability to set realistic expectations of treatment response in patients with overactive bladder (OAB) can have an impact on patient engagement and adherence to study medication. In order to help set treatment expectations for OAB, a Physician Predictive Tool has been developed based on predictive modelling. Models have been developed utilizing data from eight Phase 3 and 4 fesoterodine clinical trials and these models enable the prediction of individual treatment response in subjects with OAB, based on various baseline characteristics...
September 27, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Zheng Li, Adwoa Commodore, Stella Hartinger, Michael Lewin, Andreas Sjödin, Erin Pittman, Debra Trinidad, Kendra Hubbard, Claudio F Lanata, Ana I Gil, Daniel Mäusezahl, Luke P Naeher
BACKGROUND: Household air pollution (HAP) from indoor biomass stoves contains harmful pollutants, such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and is a leading risk factor for global disease burden. We used biomonitoring to assess HAP exposure and association with self-reported symptoms in 334 non-smoking Peruvian women to evaluate the efficacy of a stove intervention program. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study within the framework of a community randomized control trial...
September 24, 2016: Environment International
Manaki Mimura, Rémi Zallot, Thomas Daniel Niehaus, Ghulam Hasnain, Satinder K Gidda, Thuy Nd Nguyen, Erin M Anderson, Robert T Mullen, Greg Brown, Alexander F Yakunin, Valerié de Crécy-Lagard, Jesse F Gregory, Donald R McCarty, Andrew D Hanson
To synthesize the cofactor thiamin diphosphate (ThDP), plants must first hydrolyze thiamin monophosphate (ThMP) to thiamin, but dedicated enzymes for this hydrolysis step were unknown and widely doubted to exist. The classical thiamin-requiring th2-1 mutation in Arabidopsis was shown to reduce ThDP levels by half and to increase ThMP levels five-fold, implying that the THIAMIN REQUIRING 2 (TH2) gene product could be a dedicated ThMP phosphatase. Genomic and transcriptomic data indicated that TH2 corresponds to At5g32470, encoding a HAD (haloacid dehalogenase) family phosphatase fused to a TenA (thiamin salvage) family protein...
September 27, 2016: Plant Cell
Kristin E Burnum-Johnson, Song Nie, Cameron P Casey, Matthew E Monroe, Daniel J Orton, Yehia M Ibrahim, Marina A Gritsenko, Therese R W Clauss, Anil K Shukla, Ronald J Moore, Samuel O Purvine, Tujin Shi, Weijun Qian, Tao Liu, Erin S Baker, Richard D Smith
Current proteomic approaches are comprised of both broad discovery measurements and quantitative targeted analyses. In many cases, discovery measurements are initially used to identify potentially important proteins (e.g., candidate biomarkers) and then targeted studies are employed to quantify a limited number of selected proteins. Both approaches, however, suffer from limitations. Discovery measurements aim to sample the whole proteome but have lower sensitivity, accuracy, and quantitation precision than targeted approaches, while targeted measurements are significantly more sensitive but only sample a limited portion of the proteome...
September 25, 2016: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
Roby Joehanes, Allan C Just, Riccardo E Marioni, Luke C Pilling, Lindsay M Reynolds, Pooja R Mandaviya, Weihua Guan, Tao Xu, Cathy E Elks, Stella Aslibekyan, Hortensia Moreno-Macias, Jennifer A Smith, Jennifer A Brody, Radhika Dhingra, Paul Yousefi, James S Pankow, Sonja Kunze, Sonia Shah, Allan F McRae, Kurt Lohman, Jin Sha, Devin M Absher, Luigi Ferrucci, Wei Zhao, Ellen W Demerath, Jan Bressler, Megan L Grove, Tianxiao Huan, Chunyu Liu, Michael M Mendelson, Chen Yao, Douglas P Kiel, Annette Peters, Rui Wang-Sattler, Peter M Visscher, Naomi R Wray, John M Starr, Jingzhong Ding, Carlos J Rodriguez, Nicholas J Wareham, Marguerite R Irvin, Degui Zhi, Myrto Barrdahl, Paolo Vineis, Srikant Ambatipudi, André G Uitterlinden, Albert Hofman, Joel Schwartz, Elena Colicino, Lifang Hou, Pantel S Vokonas, Dena G Hernandez, Andrew B Singleton, Stefania Bandinelli, Stephen T Turner, Erin B Ware, Alicia K Smith, Torsten Klengel, Elisabeth B Binder, Bruce M Psaty, Kent D Taylor, Sina A Gharib, Brenton R Swenson, Liming Liang, Dawn L DeMeo, George T O'Connor, Zdenko Herceg, Kerry J Ressler, Karen N Conneely, Nona Sotoodehnia, Sharon L R Kardia, David Melzer, Andrea A Baccarelli, Joyce B J van Meurs, Isabelle Romieu, Donna K Arnett, Ken K Ong, Yongmei Liu, Melanie Waldenberger, Ian J Deary, Myriam Fornage, Daniel Levy, Stephanie J London
BACKGROUND: -DNA methylation leaves a long-term signature of smoking exposure and is one potential mechanism by which tobacco exposure predisposes to adverse health outcomes, such as cancers, osteoporosis, lung, and cardiovascular disorders. METHODS AND RESULTS: -To comprehensively determine the association between cigarette smoking and DNA methylation, we conducted a meta-analysis of genome-wide DNA methylation assessed using the Illumina BeadChip 450K array on 15,907 blood derived DNA samples from participants in 16 cohorts (including 2,433 current, 6,518 former, and 6,956 never smokers)...
September 20, 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Genetics
J Thomas Roland, Craig Buchman, Laurie Eisenberg, Lillian Henderson, Shuman He, Jill Firszt, Howard Francis, Camille Dunn, Doug Sladen, Susan Arndt, Bradford May, Daniel Zeitler, John K Niparko, Susan Emmett, Debara Tucci, Joseph Chen, Amy McConkey Robbins, Ernest Schwefler, Ann Geers, Amy Lederberg, Heather Hayes, Michelle Hughes, Julie Bierer, Erin Schafer, Donna Sorkin, Linda Kozma-Spytek, Tina Childress
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Cochlear Implants International
Erin F Spence, Daniel J Kanak, Benjamin R Carlson, Scott H Soderling
UNLABELLED: Dendritic filopodia are actin-rich structures that are thought to contribute to early spine synapse formation; however, the actin regulatory proteins important for early synaptogenesis are poorly defined. Using organotypic hippocampal slice cultures and primary neuron hippocampal cultures from Arp2/3 conditional knock-out mice, we analyze the roles of the Arp2/3 complex, an actin regulator that creates branched actin networks, and demonstrate it is essential for distinct stages of both structural and functional maturation of excitatory spine synapses...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Erin B Styles, Karen J Founk, Lee A Zamparo, Tina L Sing, Dogus Altintas, Cyril Ribeyre, Virginie Ribaud, Jacques Rougemont, David Mayhew, Michael Costanzo, Matej Usaj, Adrian J Verster, Elizabeth N Koch, Daniele Novarina, Marco Graf, Brian Luke, Marco Muzi-Falconi, Chad L Myers, Robi David Mitra, David Shore, Grant W Brown, Zhaolei Zhang, Charles Boone, Brenda J Andrews
A significant challenge of functional genomics is to develop methods for genome-scale acquisition and analysis of cell biological data. Here, we present an integrated method that combines genome-wide genetic perturbation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae with high-content screening to facilitate the genetic description of sub-cellular structures and compartment morphology. As proof of principle, we used a Rad52-GFP marker to examine DNA damage foci in ∼20 million single cells from ∼5,000 different mutant backgrounds in the context of selected genetic or chemical perturbations...
September 7, 2016: Cell Systems
Stavros Garantziotis, Zhuowei Li, Erin N Potts, Koji Kimata, Lisheng Zhuo, Daniel L Morgan, Rashmin C Savani, Paul W Noble, W Michael Foster, David A Schwartz, John W Hollingsworth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 9, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Daniel P Giovenco, Erin J Miller Lo, M Jane Lewis, Cristine D Delnevo
INTRODUCTION: Cigarillo use is prevalent among young adults in the United States. Many young people use cigarillos as "blunts," a term for a cigar emptied of its tobacco and replaced with marijuana. Because cigars in the United States are not subject to the same regulations as cigarettes, they offer a diverse selection of flavors and packaging styles. It is unclear how these and other product attributes facilitate blunt use. METHODS: Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with a sample of 40 young adult cigar or cigarillo users in the United States to assess patterns of use and perceptions about product features...
July 20, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Xueyun Zheng, Xing Zhang, Nathaniel S Schocker, Ryan S Renslow, Daniel J Orton, Jamal Khamsi, Roger A Ashmus, Igor C Almeida, Keqi Tang, Catherine E Costello, Richard D Smith, Katja Michael, Erin S Baker
Glycomics has become an increasingly important field of research since glycans play critical roles in biology processes ranging from molecular recognition and signaling to cellular communication. Glycans often conjugate with other biomolecules, such as proteins and lipids, and alter their properties and functions, so glycan characterization is essential for understanding the effects they have on cellular systems. However, the analysis of glycans is extremely difficult due to their complexity and structural diversity (i...
September 7, 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Leila C Kahwati, Cynthia Feltner, Michael Halpern, Carol L Woodell, Erin Boland, Halle R Amick, Rachel Palmieri Weber, Daniel E Jonas
IMPORTANCE: Five to ten percent of individuals with latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) progress to active tuberculosis (TB) disease. Identifying and treating LTBI is a key component of the strategy for reducing the burden of TB disease. OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence about targeted screening and treatment for LTBI among adults in primary care settings to support the US Preventive Services Task Force in updating its 1996 recommendation. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, and trial registries, searched through August 3, 2015; references from pertinent articles; and experts...
September 6, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Erin L Simon, Gregory Griffin, Kseniya Orlik, Zhenyu Jia, Dave Hayslip, Daniel Kobe, Nicholas Jouriles
BACKGROUND: It has been speculated that freestanding emergency departments (FEDs) draw more affluent, better-insured patients away from urban hospital EDs. It is believed that this leaves urban hospital-based EDs less financially secure. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether the distribution of patients with four types of insurance (self-pay, Medicaid, Medicare, and private) at the main ED changed after opening three affiliated FEDs, and whether the insurance type distribution was different between main ED and FEDs and between individual FEDs...
October 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Ken Yamada, Hyi-Man Park, Dean F Rigel, Keith DiPetrillo, Erin J Whalen, Anthony Anisowicz, Michael Beil, James Berstler, Cara Emily Brocklehurst, Debra A Burdick, Shari L Caplan, Michael P Capparelli, Guanjing Chen, Wei Chen, Bethany Dale, Lin Deng, Fumin Fu, Norio Hamamatsu, Kouki Harasaki, Tracey Herr, Peter Hoffmann, Qi-Ying Hu, Waan-Jeng Huang, Neeraja Idamakanti, Hidetomo Imase, Yuki Iwaki, Monish Jain, Jey Jeyaseelan, Mitsunori Kato, Virendar K Kaushik, Darcy Kohls, Vidya Kunjathoor, Daniel LaSala, Jongchan Lee, Jing Liu, Yang Luo, Fupeng Ma, Ruowei Mo, Sarah Mowbray, Muneto Mogi, Flavio Ossola, Pramod Pandey, Sejal J Patel, Swetha Raghavan, Bahaa Salem, Yuka H Shanado, Gary M Trakshel, Gordon Turner, Hiromichi Wakai, Chunhua Wang, Stephen Weldon, Jennifer B Wielicki, Xiaoling Xie, Lingfei Xu, Yukiko I Yagi, Kayo Yasoshima, Jianning Yin, David Yowe, Ji-Hu Zhang, Gang Zheng, Lauren Monovich
The With-No-Lysine (K) (WNK) kinases play a critical role in blood pressure regulation and body fluid and electrolyte homeostasis. Herein, we introduce the first orally bioavailable pan-WNK-kinase inhibitor, WNK463, that exploits unique structural features of the WNK kinases for both affinity and kinase selectivity. In rodent models of hypertension, WNK463 affects blood pressure and body fluid and electro-lyte homeostasis, consistent with WNK-kinase-associated physiology and pathophysiology.
November 2016: Nature Chemical Biology
Daniel H Petroni, Moira L Aitken, Erin Ham, Sarah Chung, Lori Menalia, Matthew C Altman, Andrew G Ayars
BACKGROUND: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) to antibiotics in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) are common and often mislabeled as allergies. The labeling of an antibiotic reaction as an allergy can lead to the use of antibiotics that are less efficacious, are more expensive, or have a greater risk of adverse effects. OBJECTIVE: To establish a safe approach for the evaluation of ADRs to antibiotics in patients with CF to help clarify future use of these medications...
October 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
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