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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330592/genomic-characterization-of-key-bacteriophages-to-formulate-the-potential-biocontrol-agent-to-combat-enteric-pathogenic-bacteria
#1
Krupa M Parmar, Nishant A Dafale, Hitesh Tikariha, Hemant J Purohit
Combating bacterial pathogens has become a global concern especially when the antibiotics and chemical agents are failing to control the spread due to its resistance. Bacteriophages act as a safe biocontrol agent by selectively lysing the bacterial pathogens without affecting the natural beneficial microflora. The present study describes the screening of prominent enteric pathogens NDK1, NDK2, NDK3, and NDK4 (Escherichia, Klebsiella, Enterobacter, and Serratia) mostly observed in domestic wastewater; against which KNP1, KNP2, KNP3, and KNP4 phages were isolated...
January 12, 2018: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327464/the-expression-of-an-exogenous-acc-deaminase-by-the-endophyte-serratia-grimesii-bxf1-promotes-the-early-nodulation-and-growth-of-common-bean
#2
Maria J Tavares, Francisco X Nascimento, Bernard R Glick, Márcio J Rossi
Ethylene acts as an inhibitor of the nodulation process of leguminous plants. However, some bacteria can decrease deleterious ethylene levels by the action of the enzyme 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase which degrades ACC, the ethylene precursor in all higher plants. Co-inoculation of rhizobia with endophytes enhances the rhizobial symbiotic efficiency with legumes, improving both nodulation and nitrogen fixation. However, not much is understood about the mechanisms employed by these endophytic bacteria...
January 11, 2018: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320234/influence-of-soap-characteristics-and-food-service-facility-type-on-the-degree-of-bacterial-contamination-of-open-refillable-bulk-soaps
#3
Donald W Schaffner, Dane Jensen, Charles P Gerba, David Shumaker, James W Arbogast
Concern has been raised regarding the public health risks from refillable bulk-soap dispensers because they provide an environment for potentially pathogenic bacteria to grow. This study surveyed the microbial quality of open refillable bulk soap in four different food establishment types in three states. Two hundred ninety-six samples of bulk soap were collected from food service establishments in Arizona, New Jersey, and Ohio. Samples were tested for total heterotrophic viable bacteria, Pseudomonas, coliforms and Escherichia coli, and Salmonella...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311457/-intestinal-microbiota-in-migrating-barn-swallows-around-osaka
#4
Takehiko Kenzaka, Kenji Kataoka, Takashi Fujimitsu, Katsuji Tani
 Migratory birds are considered as vectors of infectious diseases, owing to their potential for transmitting pathogens over large distances. The populations of barn swallow (Hirundo rustica) migrate from Southeast Asia to the Japanese mainland during spring and migrate back to Southeast Asia during autumn. This migratory population is estimated to comprise approximately hundreds to thousands of individuals per year. However, to date, not much is known about the gastrointestinal microbiota of the barn swallow...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310851/enantioselective-synthesis-of-r-phenylephrine-by-serratia-marcescens-bcrc10948-cells-that-homologously-express-sm_sdr
#5
Yi-Chia Kuan, Yue-Bin Xu, Wen-Ching Wang, Ming-Te Yang
A short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase from Serratia marcescens BCRC10948, SM_SDR, has been cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli for the bioconversion of 1-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-2-(methylamino) ethanone (HPMAE) to (R)-phenylephrine[(R)-PE]. However, only 5.11mM (R)-PE was obtained from 10mM HPMAE after a 9h conversion in the previous report. To improve the biocatalytic efficiency, the homologous expression of the SM_SDR in S. marcescens BCRC10948 was achieved using the T5 promoter for expression. By using 2% glycerol as carbon source, we found that 8...
March 2018: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305504/an-igaa-umob-family-protein-from-serratia-marcescens-regulates-motility-capsular-polysaccharide-and-secondary-metabolite-production
#6
Nicholas A Stella, Kimberly M Brothers, Jake D Callaghan, Angelina M Passerini, Cihad Sigindere, Preston J Hill, Xinyu Liu, Daniel J Wozniak, Robert M Q Shanks
Secondary metabolites are an important source of pharmaceuticals and key modulators of microbe-microbe interactions. The bacterium Serratia marcescens is part of the Enterobacteriaceae family of eubacteria and produces a number of biologically active secondary metabolites. In this study, we screened for novel regulators of secondary metabolites synthesized by a clinical isolate of S. marcescens and found mutations in a gene for an uncharacterized UmoB/IgaA family member here named gumB Mutation of gumB conferred a severe loss of secondary metabolites prodigiosin and serratamolide...
January 5, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301899/complete-genome-sequence-of-bacteriophage-sm9-3y-infecting-serratia-marcescens
#7
Yuchong Hao, Hongyan Shi, Jinghua Li, Chunyan Zhao, Honglan Huang, Yanbo Sun
Serratia marcescens is an important opportunistic organism that causes nosocomial infections. Bacteriophage therapy has the potential to control S. marcescens infection. We present here the complete genome sequence of a lytic S. marcescens bacteriophage, SM9-3Y, which is a linear double-stranded DNA genome of 39,631 bp with 50.7% G+C content.
January 4, 2018: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291515/biodegradation-of-azure-b-dye-by-serratia-liquefaciens-and-its-validation-by-phytotoxicity-genotoxicity-and-cytotoxicity-studies
#8
Izharul Haq, Abhay Raj, Markandeya
The azo dyes in textile industry are a major source of environmental pollution and cause serious threat to aquatic flora and fauna. The present study aims to evaluate the potential of previously isolated lignin peroxidase (LiP) enzyme producing Serratia liquefaciens in degradation of Azure-B (AB) dye. S. liquefaciens showed rapid decolourisation of AB dye (100 mg L-1) in mineral salt medium (MSM) supplemented with 0.2% glucose and yeast extract, and more than 90% dye decolourisation was observed at 48 h when incubated at 30 °C...
December 27, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288646/bacteria-induce-autophagy-in-a-human-ocular-surface-cell-line
#9
Kimberly M Brothers, Regis P Kowalski, Shenghe Tian, Paul R Kinchington, Robert M Q Shanks
Autophagy protects cells from intracellular pathogens, but can be exploited by some infectious agents to their benefit. Currently it is not known if bacteria induce autohpagy in cells of the cornea. The goal of this study was to develop an ocular surface autophagy reporter cell line and determine whether ocular bacterial pathogens influence host responses through autophagy induction. The cell line was made using lentivirus transduction of an LC3-GFP fusion protein in human corneal limbal epithelial (HCLE) cells...
December 27, 2017: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288300/biogenic-synthesis-of-silver-nanoparticles-using-piper-betle-aqueous-extract-and-evaluation-of-its-anti-quorum-sensing-and-antibiofilm-potential-against-uropathogens-with-cytotoxic-effects-an-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-approach
#10
Ramanathan Srinivasan, Loganathan Vigneshwari, Tamilselvam Rajavel, Ravindran Durgadevi, Arunachalam Kannappan, Krishnaswamy Balamurugan, Kasi Pandima Devi, Arumugam Veera Ravi
Urinary tract infections are the utmost common bacterial infections caused by Proteus mirabilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, and Serratia marcescens. These uropathogens resist the action of several antibiotics due to their ability to form biofilms. Most of these bacterial pathogens use the quorum sensing (QS) machinery to co-ordinate their cells and regulate several virulence factors and biofilm formation. On the other hand, the anti-quorum sensing (anti-QS) and antibiofilm potential of silver nanoparticles have been well reported against certain bacterial pathogens, but to the best of our knowledge, no report is available against the pathogenicity of uropathogens in particular S...
December 29, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284535/bacterial-diversity-of-wild-caught-lutzomyia-longipalpis-a-vector-of-zoonotic-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-brazil-under-distinct-physiological-conditions-by-metagenomics-analysis
#11
Ana Clara Araújo Machado Pires, Luís Eduardo Martinez Villegas, Thaís Bonifácio Campolina, Alessandra Silva Orfanó, Paulo Filemon Paolucci Pimenta, Nágila Francinete Costa Secundino
BACKGROUND: The leishmaniases are a group of diseases caused by protozoans of the genus Leishmania, which are transmitted by the bite of phlebotomine sand flies. In the New World, Lutzomyia longipalpis is the most important vector of visceral leishmaniasis and is a proven vector for Leishmania infantum chagasi in Brazil. During development within the vector, Leishmania can interact with a variety of microorganisms such as fungi and bacteria. The presence of bacteria in the midgut of sand flies can influence the development and survival of the parasite...
December 29, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283452/comparative-analysis-of-prodigiosin-isolated-from-endophyte-serratia-marcescens
#12
Bushra Khanam, Ramesh Chandra
Extraction of pigments from endophytes is an uphill task. Up till now, there are no efficient methods available to extract the maximum amount of prodigiosin from Serratia marcescens. This is one of the important endophytes of Beta vulgaris L. The present work was carried out for the comparative study of six different extraction methods such as homogenization, ultrasonication, freezing and thawing, heat treatment, organic solvents and inorganic acids to evaluate the efficiency of prodigiosin yield. Our results demonstrated that highest extraction was observed in ultrasonication (98...
December 28, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276509/anti-biofilm-properties-of-bacterial-di-rhamnolipids-and-their-semi-synthetic-amide-derivatives
#13
Ivana Aleksic, Milos Petkovic, Milos Jovanovic, Dusan Milivojevic, Branka Vasiljevic, Jasmina Nikodinovic-Runic, Lidija Senerovic
A new strain, namely Lysinibacillus sp. BV152.1 was isolated from the rhizosphere of ground ivy (Glechoma hederacea L.) producing metabolites with potent ability to inhibit biofilm formation of an important human pathogens Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1, Staphylococcus aureus, and Serratia marcescens. Structural characterization revealed di-rhamnolipids mixture containing rhamnose (Rha)-Rha-C10-C10, Rha-Rha-C8-C10, and Rha-Rha-C10-C12 in the ratio 7:2:1 as the active principle. Purified di-rhamnolipids, as well as commercially available di-rhamnolipids (Rha-Rha-C10-C10, 93%) were used as the substrate for the chemical derivatization for the first time, yielding three semi-synthetic amide derivatives, benzyl-, piperidine-, and morpholine...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259923/exploring-the-anti-quorum-sensing-and-antibiofilm-efficacy-of-phytol-against-serratia-marcescens-associated-acute-pyelonephritis-infection-in-wistar-rats
#14
Ramanathan Srinivasan, Ramar Mohankumar, Arunachalam Kannappan, Veeramani Karthick Raja, Govindaraju Archunan, Shunmugiah Karutha Pandian, Kandasamy Ruckmani, Arumugam Veera Ravi
Quorum Sensing (QS) mechanism, a bacterial density-dependent gene expression system, governs the Serratia marcescens pathogenesis through the production of virulence factors and biofilm formation. The present study demonstrates the anti-quorum sensing (anti-QS), antibiofilm potential and in vivo protective effect of phytol, a diterpene alcohol broadly utilized as food additive and in therapeutics fields. In vitro treatment of phytol (5 and 10 μg/ml) showed decreasing level of biofilm formation, lipase and hemolysin production in S...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259886/batch-growth-kinetic-studies-of-locally-isolated-cyanide-degrading-serratia-marcescens-strain-aq07
#15
Kabiru Ibrahim Karamba, Siti Aqlima Ahmad, Azham Zulkharnain, Nur Adeela Yasid, Salihu Ibrahim, Mohd Yunus Shukor
The evaluation of degradation and growth kinetics of Serratia marcescens strain AQ07 was carried out using three half-order models at all the initial concentrations of cyanide with the values of regression exceeding 0.97. The presence of varying cyanide concentrations reveals that the growth and degradation of bacteria were affected by the increase in cyanide concentration with a total halt at 700 ppm KCN after 72 h incubation. In this study, specific growth and degradation rates were found to trail the substrate inhibition kinetics...
January 2018: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238572/management-and-investigation-of-a-serratia-marcescens-outbreak-in-a-neonatal-unit-in-switzerland-the-role-of-hand-hygiene-and-whole-genome-sequencing-r1-aric-d-17-00143
#16
Walter Zingg, Isabelle Soulake, Damien Baud, Benedikt Huttner, Riccardo Pfister, Gesuele Renzi, Didier Pittet, Jacques Schrenzel, Patrice Francois
Background: Many outbreaks due to Serratia marcescens among neonates have been described in the literature but little is known about the role of whole genome sequencing in outbreak analysis and management. Methods: Between February and March 2013, 2 neonates and 2 infants previously hospitalised in the neonatal unit of a tertiary care centre in Switzerland, were found to be colonised with S. marcescens. An investigation was launched with extensive environmental sampling and neonatal screening in four consecutive point prevalence surveys between April and May 2013...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237003/illumina-short-read-and-minion-long-read-wgs-to-characterize-the-molecular-epidemiology-of-an-ndm-1-serratia-marcescens-outbreak-in-romania
#17
H T T Phan, N Stoesser, I E Maciuca, F Toma, E Szekely, M Flonta, A T M Hubbard, L Pankhurst, T Do, T E A Peto, A S Walker, D W Crook, D Timofte
Background and Objectives: Serratia marcescens is an emerging nosocomial pathogen, and the carbapenemase blaNDM has been reported in several surveys in Romania. We aimed to investigate the molecular epidemiology of S. marcescens in two Romanian hospitals over 2010-15, including a neonatal NDM-1 S. marcescens outbreak. Methods: Isolates were sequenced using Illumina technology together with carbapenem-non-susceptible NDM-1-positive and NDM-1-negative Klebsiella pneumoniae and Enterobacter cloacae to provide genomic context...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236574/genetic-diversity-of-kpc-producing-escherichia-coli-klebsiella-oxytoca-serratia-marcescens-and-citrobacter-freundii-isolates-from-argentina
#18
Denise De Belder, Celeste Lucero, Melina Rapoport, Adriana Rosato, Diego Faccone, Alejandro Petroni, Fernando Pasteran, Ezequiel Albornoz, Alejandra Corso, Sonia A Gomez
The predominance of Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-producing K. pneumoniae was caused by the spread of ST258 clone. In Latin America, KPC was reported in 2006, with the isolation of genetically unrelated K. pneumoniae in Colombia. Since then, the expansion of blaKPC in either K. pneumoniae ST258 or other Enterobacteriaceae (ETB) species was increasingly reported. In this study, we characterized 89 KPC-producing Escherichia coli, Klebsiella oxytoca, Serratia marcescens, and Citrobacter freundii that were received between 2010 and 2014...
December 13, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233039/characterization-antibacterial-total-antioxidant-scavenging-reducing-power-and-ion-chelating-activities-of-green-synthesized-silver-copper-and-titanium-dioxide-nanoparticles-using-artemisia-haussknechtii-leaf-extract
#19
Mehran Alavi, Naser Karimi
Recently, major problem related to pathogenic bacteria is augmentation of antibiotic resistance which has been changed treatment and recovery of millions of infectious patients. The present study reports an eco-friendly, rapid and easy method for synthesis of silver (Ag), copper (Cu) and titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles (NPs) using Artemisia haussknechtii leaf aqueous extract with antibacterial activities against multi-drug resistance (MDR) bacteria species. Three different concentrations (0.001, 0.01 and 0...
December 12, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229757/structure-and-activity-of-chix-a-peptidoglycan-hydrolase-required-for-chitinase-secretion-by-serratia-marcescens
#20
Richard A Owen, Paul K Fyfe, Adam Lodge, Jacob Biboy, Waldemar Vollmer, William N Hunter, Frank Sargent
The Gram-negative bacterium Serratia marcescens secretes a number of proteins that are involved in extracellular chitin degradation. This so-called chitinolytic machinery includes three types of chitinase enzymes and a lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase. An operon has been identified in S. marcescens , chiWXYZ , that is thought to be involved in the secretion of the chitinolytic machinery. Genetic evidence points to the ChiX protein being a key player in the secretion mechanism, since deletion of the chiX gene in S...
December 11, 2017: Biochemical Journal
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