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Yoshihiro Suzuki, Kouki Niina, Tomonori Matsuwaki, Kei Nukazawa, Atsushi Iguchi
The aim of this study was to rapidly and effectively analyze coliforms, which are the most fundamental indicators of water quality for fecal pollution, using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). Coliform bacteria were isolated from municipal sewage, river water, and groundwater. For each sample, 100 isolates were determined by MALDI-TOF MS. In addition, these same 100 isolates were also identified via 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. Obtained MALDI-TOF MS data were compared with the 16S rRNA sequencing analysis, and the validity of MALDI-TOF MS for classification of coliform bacteria was examined...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
Sarah Lepuschitz, Sieglinde Sorschag, Burkhard Springer, Franz Allerberger, Werner Ruppitsch
The occurrence of multidrug-resistant Serratia marcescens strains producing metallo-β-lactamases or extended-spectrum β-lactamases represents a serious public health threat. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of a multidrug-resistant carbapenemase-producing Serratia marcescens isolate recovered from the bronchoalveolar lavage specimen of a patient suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
November 16, 2017: Genome Announcements
Tripti Singh, Neha Srivastava, A K Bhatiya, P K Mishra
This study evaluated the capability of Serratia marcescens ABHI001 to effectively degrade p-cresol through different techniques. The molecular identity of the laboratory isolate S. marcescens ABHI001 was confirmed through the 16S ribosomal DNA gene pattern, and its morphological features were investigated through field-emission scanning electron microscopy. In addition, the degradation behavior of the isolate for cresol was verified using several techniques, including UV-visible spectroscopy, followed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), gas chromatography, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy...
December 2017: 3 Biotech
Xiaolan Zhang, Defeng Wu, Tengfei Guo, Tingting Ran, Weiwu Wang, Dongqing Xu
ArcAB is a two-component regulatory system that can help bacteria respond to and survive in a changing environment. To identify the function of ArcAB homologues in Serratia marcescens FS14, in-frame deletion mutants of the arcA, arcB and arcAB genes were constructed. Surprisingly, ArcB affects the motility of FS14, but ArcA does not. These results are the reverse of those found in Escherichia coli. Further studies demonstrated that ArcB could promote bacterial motility by activating the synthesis of flagella and particularly by activating the expression of the biosurfactant serrawettin W1...
November 14, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
Josiane Ferreira Pires, Larissa de Souza Cardoso, Rosane Freitas Schwan, Cristina Ferreira Silva
Cultivable microbiota presents in a coffee semi-dry processing wastewater treatment plant (WTP) was identified. Thirty-two operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were detected, these being 16 bacteria, 11 yeasts and 4 filamentous fungi. Bacteria dominated the microbial population (11.61 log CFU mL(- 1)), and presented the highest total diversity index when observed in the WTP aerobic stage (Shannon = 1.94 and Simpson = 0.81). The most frequent bacterial species were Enterobacter asburiae, Sphingobacterium griseoflavum, Chryseobacterium bovis, Serratia marcescens, Corynebacterium flavescens, Acetobacter orientalis and Acetobacter indonesiensis; these showed the largest total bacteria populations in the WTP, with approximately 10 log CFU mL(- 1)...
November 13, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Xia Tang, Bingxin Liu, Qiusui Deng, Ruitao Zhang, Xue Li, Heng Xu
To develop an efficient and environmental-friendly approach to detoxicate nickel (Ni) and fluoranthene co-contaminated soil, the combined application of Coprinus comatus (C. comatus) with Serratia sp. FFC5 and/or Enterobacter sp. E2 was investigated. The pot experiment tested the influences of bacterial inoculation on the growth of C. comatus, content of Ni in C. comatus, Ni speciation in soil, fluoranthene dissipation, soil enzymatic activities, bacterial population and community structure. With the inoculation of bacteria, the fresh weights of C...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
Douglas C Woodhams, Brandon C LaBumbard, Kelly L Barnhart, Matthew H Becker, Molly C Bletz, Laura A Escobar, Sandra V Flechas, Megan E Forman, Anthony A Iannetta, Maureen D Joyce, Falitiana Rabemananjara, Brian Gratwicke, Miguel Vences, Kevin P C Minbiole
Symbiotic bacteria can produce secondary metabolites and volatile compounds that contribute to amphibian skin defense. Some of these symbionts have been used as probiotics to treat or prevent the emerging disease chytridiomycosis. We examined 20 amphibian cutaneous bacteria for the production of prodigiosin or violacein, brightly colored defense compounds that pigment the bacteria and have characteristic spectroscopic properties making them readily detectable, and evaluated the antifungal activity of these compounds...
November 9, 2017: Microbial Ecology
Alina S Grigorescu, François Renoz, Ahmed Sabri, Vincent Foray, Thierry Hance, Philippe Thonart
Microorganism communities that live inside insects can play critical roles in host development, nutrition, immunity, physiology, and behavior. Over the past decade, high-throughput sequencing reveals the extraordinary microbial diversity associated with various insect species and provides information independent of our ability to culture these microbes. However, their cultivation in the laboratory remains crucial for a deep understanding of their physiology and the roles they play in host insects. Aphids are insects that received specific attention because of their ability to form symbiotic associations with a wide range of endosymbionts that are considered as the core microbiome of these sap-feeding insects...
November 9, 2017: Microbial Ecology
Ahmed Ali Romeh, Mohamed Yousef Hendawi
Fenamiphos is a systematic nematicide-insecticide used extensively for the control of soil nematodes. Fenamiphos and oxidation products have been known to induce water pollution, soil pollution and ecotoxicological effects on aquatic organisms, as well as heath issues. This contaminant can be removed by phytoremediation. Herein, we tested several strategies to improve the effectiveness of this technology. A combination of G. max plus Pseudomonas fluorescens was more efficient than G. max plus Serratia marcescens or G...
October 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
Yao-Ting Huang, Jan-Fang Cheng, Yi-Ting Liu, Yan-Chiao Mao, Meng-San Wu, Po-Yu Liu
AIM: Serratia marcescens wound infection after snakebite is often associated with aggressive presentations. However, the virulence determinants remain understudied. MATERIALS & METHODS: Whole-genome sequencing was performed on S. marcescens VGH107, an isolate from wound infection secondary to Trimeresurus mucrosquamatus bite. Comparative genomics approach coupled with multivirulent-locus sequencing typing was applied to systematically predict potential virulence factors...
November 6, 2017: Future Microbiology
Sachiko Omotani, Katsuji Tani, Katsuhito Nagai, Yasutoshi Hatsuda, Junji Mukai, Michiaki Myotoku
Peripheral parenteral nutrition (PPN) solutions contain amino acids, glucose, and electrolytes, with or without some water soluble vitamins. Peripheral venous catheters are one of the causes of catheter related blood stream infection (CRBSI), which requires infection control. In Japan, PPN solutions have rarely been prepared under aseptic conditions. However, in recent years, the necessity of adding vitamins to infusions has been reported. Therefore, we investigated the effects of water soluble vitamins on growth of microorganisms in PPN solutions...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
J C Ribeiro Júnior, A M de Oliveira, F de G Silva, R Tamanini, A L M de Oliveira, V Beloti
Refrigerated raw milk may contain psychrotrophic microorganisms that produce thermoresistant exoproteases and lipases, which may compromise the quality of processed fluid milk and dairy products during storage. The aim of this work was to quantify and identify the deteriorating psychrotrophic microbiota in Brazilian refrigerated raw milk using genetic diversity analysis. The mean psychrotrophic count was 1.1 × 10(4) cfu/mL. Of the total isolates, 47.8 and 29.8% showed deteriorating activity at 35°C within 48 h and 7°C within 10 d, respectively...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
Srinivasan Ramanathan, Durgadevi Ravindran, Kannappan Arunachalam, Veera Ravi Arumugam
The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-biofilm and anti-virulence properties of petroselinic acid (PSA) against the environmental pathogen Serratia marcescens. PSA significantly inhibited the quorum sensing (QS)-dependent virulence factors such as prodigiosin, protease productions, and biofilm formation in S. marcescens. The antibiofilm potential of PSA was also confirmed through light, confocal laser scanning, and scanning electron microscopic analyses. Furthermore, PSA effectively inhibited the biofilm-related phenomena such as exopolysaccharide production, hydrophobicity production, swimming, and swarming motility without affecting the bacterial growth...
November 3, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
Lanlan Dong, Simin Zhou, Yuan He, Yan Jia, Qunhua Bai, Peng Deng, Jieying Gao, Yingli Li, Hong Xiao
This study is to investigate the genome sequence of Serratia sp. S2. The genomic DNA of Serratia sp. S2 was extracted and the sequencing library was constructed. The sequencing was carried out by Illumina 2000 and complete genomic sequences were obtained. Gene function annotation and bioinformatics analysis were performed by comparing with the known databases. The genome size of Serratia sp. S2 was 5,604,115 bp and the G+C content was 57.61%. There were 5373 protein coding genes, and 3732, 3614, and 3942 genes were respectively annotated into the GO, KEGG, and COG databases...
November 2, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Xianbo Jia, Xinjian Lin, Jichen Chen
Current genome walking methods are very time consuming, and many produce non-specific amplification products. To amplify the flanking sequences that are adjacent to Tn5 transposon insertion sites in Serratia marcescens FZSF02, we developed a genome walking method based on TAIL-PCR. This PCR method added a 20-cycle linear amplification step before the exponential amplification step to increase the concentration of the target sequences. Products of the linear amplification and the exponential amplification were diluted 100-fold to decrease the concentration of the templates that cause non-specific amplification...
November 2, 2017: AMB Express
Myeong Yeon Yi, Jin Kwon Chung, Kyung Seek Choi
BACKGROUND: To report a case of Serratia marcescens endophthalmitis after pterygium surgery using the bare sclera technique with mitomycin C (MMC). CASE PRESENTATION: A 69-year-old male patient underwent pterygium excision surgery using the bare sclera technique and 0.02% MMC. The patient presented with decreased visual acuity and pain from the day after the operation. Trans pars plana vitrectomy was performed and intravitreal antibiotics were administered. Cultures from the aqueous humor and intraocular lens were all positive for S...
November 2, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
Daichi Murata, Hiroyuki Okano, Clement Angkawidjaja, Masato Akutsu, Shun-Ichi Tanaka, Kenyu Kitahara, Takuya Yoshizawa, Hiroyoshi Matsumura, Yuji Kado, Eiichi Mizohata, Tsuyoshi Inoue, Satoshi Sano, Yuichi Koga, Shigenori Kanaya, Kazufumi Takano
Serratia marcescens secretes a lipase, LipA, through a type I secretion system (T1SS). The T1SS for LipA, the Lip system, is composed of an inner membrane ABC transporter with its nucleotide-binding domains (NBD), LipB, a membrane fusion protein, LipC, and an outer membrane channel protein, LipD. Passenger protein secreted by this system has been functionally and structurally characterized well, but relatively little information about the transporter complex is available. Here, we report the crystallographic studies of LipC without the membrane anchor region, LipC-, and the NBD of LipB (LipB-NBD)...
November 10, 2017: Biochemistry
Karolina Pierzynowska, Marta Skowron Volponi, Grzegorz Węgrzyn
The Apollo butterfly, Parnassius apollo (Linnaeus), was common in Europe over 100 years ago, but currently it is considered as near threatened. Different conservation programs have promoted the persistence of this species, however, it is still endangered. An example of such programs was the action devoted to reestablish the Apollo butterfly population in Pieniny National Park (Poland) from only 20-30 individuals which had survived till the last decade of the 20th century. This reintroduction has been successful, however, unexpected developmental problems appeared...
November 2, 2017: Insect Science
Valérie Denervaud-Tendon, Laurent Poirel, Lynn E Connolly, Kevin M Krause, Patrice Nordmann
Objectives: Plazomicin, a novel aminoglycoside with in vitro activity against MDR Gram-negative organisms, is under development to treat patients with serious enterobacterial infections. We evaluated the activity of plazomicin and comparators against colistin-resistant enterobacterial isolates. Methods: Susceptibility to plazomicin and comparators was tested by broth microdilution for a collection of 95 colistin-resistant enterobacterial isolates collected from 29 hospitals in eight countries...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Akihiko Nakamura, Tomoyuki Tasaki, Yasuko Okuni, Chihong Song, Kazuyoshi Murata, Toshiya Kozai, Mayu Hara, Hayuki Sugimoto, Kazushi Suzuki, Takeshi Watanabe, Takayuki Uchihashi, Hiroyuki Noji, Ryota Iino
Serratia marcescens chitinase A is a linear molecular motor that hydrolyses crystalline chitin in a processive manner. Here, we quantitatively determined the rate constants of elementary reaction steps, including binding (kon), translational movement (ktr), and dissociation (koff) with single-molecule fluorescence imaging. The kon for a single chitin microfibril was 2.1 × 10(9) M(-1) μm(-1) s(-1). The koff showed two components, k (3.2 s(-1), 78%) and k (0.38 s(-1), 22%), corresponding to bindings to different crystal surfaces...
November 1, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
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