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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340516/markers-of-dietary-protein-intake-are-associated-with-successful-weight-loss-in-the-pounds-lost-trial
#1
G A Bray, D H Ryan, W Johnson, C M Champagne, C M Johnson, J Rood, D A Williamson, F M Sacks
To assess the association of markers for dietary protein intake, measures of dietary adherence and demographic variables with weight loss in the POUNDS Lost study over the first 6 months and again between 6 and 24 months using data from those who completed each period. This is a secondary analysis of pooled data on completers assigned to one of four diets: 65%C/15%P/20%F (AP/LF), 55%C/25%P/20%F (HP/LF), 45%C/15%P/40%F (AP/HF) or 35%C/25%P40%F (HP/HF) in the POUNDS Lost study. Urinary nitrogen excretion, dietary adherence measured by 24-h recall and attendance at sessions, age (above and below 50 years), gender, race/ethnicity and activity by pedometry were analysed...
March 24, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340000/effects-of-feeding-original-xpc%C3%A2-to-broilers-with-a-live-coccidiosis-vaccine-under-industry-conditions-part-1-growth-performance-and-salmonella-inhibition
#2
S M Roto, S H Park, S I Lee, P Kaldhone, H O Pavlidis, S B Frankenbach, D R McIntyre, K Striplin, L Brammer, S C Ricke
Supplementation of poultry diets with Diamond V Original XPC™ (XPC) has been proposed as a means to ameliorate the commonly observed loss of appetite and depression of growth in birds given a live coccidiosis vaccine. A study was conducted to compare the effects on bird performance of a live coccidiosis vaccine in broilers, with and without the dietary inclusion of XPC (1.25 g/kg). Ross 708 male broilers (n = 1,280) were allocated to one of 4 feed treatments: cocci-vaccine (T1), cocci-vaccine + XPC (T2), cocci-vaccine + salinomycin in the grower diet only, (T3), and cocci-vaccine + salinomycin in the grower diet + XPC (T4)...
March 3, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339778/effects-of-an-induced-molt-using-cassava-meal-on-body-weight-loss-blood-physiology-ovarian-regression-and-postmolt-egg-production-in-late-phase-laying-hens
#3
N Gongruttananun, P Kochagate, K Poonpan, N Yu-Nun, J Aungsakul, N Sopa
This study was conducted to determine the effect of an induced molt using cassava meal on body weight, blood physiology, ovary, and postmolt performance in late-phase (74 wk old) H&N Brown laying hens. Hens were randomly assigned to 3 treatments of 90 birds each: 1) Controls withno induced molt (CONT); 2) molted by full feeding with cassava meal for 3 wk (FP3); and 3) molted by full feeding with cassava meal for 4 wk (FP4). Groups 2 and 3 were fed a pullet developer diet for 3 wk following treatment. During the molt period, the birds were exposed to an 8L:16D photoperiod and had access to drinking water at all times...
February 23, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339708/effects-of-dietary-methyl-sulfonyl-methane-msm-supplementation-on-growth-performance-nutrient-digestibility-meat-quality-excreta-microbiota-excreta-gas-emission-and-blood-profiles-in-broilers
#4
Y Jiao, J H Park, Y M Kim, I H Kim
A 29-d trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary methyl sulfonyl methane (MSM) supplementation on growth performance, meat quality, nutrient digestibility, excreta microbiota, excreta gas emission, and blood profiles in broilers. A total of 816 1-day-old male Ross 308 broilers (44 ± 0.44 g) were assigned to 4 dietary treatments, composed of 12 replicates with 17 birds per replicate. The 4 treatments were: 1) CON, basal diet; 2) S1, CON + 0.05% MSM; 3) S2, CON + 0.10% MSM; 4) S3, CON + 0.20% MSM...
February 22, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339172/maternal-high-fat-diet-consumption-enhances-offspring-susceptibility-to-dss-induced-colitis-in-mice
#5
Shima Bibi, Yifei Kang, Min Du, Mei-Jun Zhu
OBJECTIVE: Maternal high-fat diet (HFD) may alter the offspring intestinal immune system, thereby enhancing susceptibility toward inflammatory bowel disease. The objective of the current study was to investigate the impact of maternal HFD on offspring intestinal health using a mouse model of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis. METHODS: Dams were provided with either HFD (60%) or control diet. After weaning, female offspring from both groups were kept on 45% HFD...
March 24, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338608/impact-of-high-carbohydrate-diet-on-metabolic-parameters-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#6
REVIEW
Chan-Hee Jung, Kyung Mook Choi
In patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), whether dietary carbohydrates have beneficial or detrimental effects on cardiometabolic risk factors has drawn attention. Although a high-carbohydrate (HC) diet and a low-carbohydrate (LC) diet have gained popularity for several decades, there is scarce review focusing on the effects of HC diet on glucose, lipids and body weight in patients with T2DM. In this review, we examined recently-published literature on the effects of HC diets on metabolic parameters in T2DM...
March 24, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337027/obesity-induced-decreases-in-muscle-performance-are-not-reversed-by-weight-loss
#7
F Seebacher, J Tallis, K McShea, R S James
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Obesity can affect muscle phenotypes, and may thereby constrain movement and energy expenditure. Weight loss is a common and intuitive intervention for obesity, but it is not known whether the effects of obesity on muscle function are reversible by weight loss. Here we tested whether obesity-induced changes in muscle metabolic and contractile phenotypes are reversible by weight loss. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We used zebrafish (Danio rerio) in a factorial design to compare energy metabolism, locomotor capacity, muscle isometric force and work-loop power output, and myosin heavy chain composition between lean fish, diet-induced obese fish, and fish that were obese and then returned to lean body mass following diet restriction...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335489/effects-of-the-mediterranean-diet-before-and-after-weight-loss-on-eating-behavioral-traits-in-men-with-metabolic-syndrome
#8
Élise Carbonneau, Marie-Michelle Royer, Caroline Richard, Patrick Couture, Sophie Desroches, Simone Lemieux, Benoît Lamarche
The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) consumed before and after weight loss on eating behavioral traits as measured by the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ) in men with metabolic syndrome (MetS). In this fixed sequence study, 19 men with MetS (National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATPIII) criteria), aged between 24 and 62 years, first consumed a five-week standardized North American control diet followed by a five-week MedDiet, both under weight-maintaining controlled-feeding conditions...
March 19, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332246/weight-management-in-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-two-dietary-approaches
#9
Lauren T Ptomey, Richard R Saunders, Muriel Saunders, Richard A Washburn, Matthew S Mayo, Debra K Sullivan, Cheryl A Gibson, Jeannine R Goetz, Jeff J Honas, Erik A Willis, Jessica C Danon, Ron Krebill, Joseph E Donnelly
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity among individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) is equal to or greater than the general population. METHODS: Overweight/obese adults (BMI ≥25 kg/m(2) ) with mild-to-moderate intellectual and developmental disabilities were randomized to an enhanced stop light diet (eSLD = SLD + portion-controlled meals, n = 78) or a conventional diet (CD, n = 72) for an 18 months trial (6 months weight loss, 12 months maintenance)...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330732/racial-ethnic-differences-in-weight-loss-strategies-among-us-adults-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2007-2012
#10
Becky Marquez, Rosenda Murillo
BACKGROUND: Dieting, exercising, and seeking professional help have been associated with intentional weight loss among adults. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the use of diet (eg, ate less, ate less fat, or switched to low-calorie foods), exercise, diet and exercise, and professional help (eg, weight-loss program or prescribed diet pills) for weight loss among non-Hispanic whites, Mexican Americans, and non-Hispanic blacks. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data from the 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used...
March 15, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330731/diabetes-self-management-education-and-medical-nutrition-therapy-improve-patient-outcomes-a-pilot-study-documenting-the-efficacy-of-registered-dietitian-nutritionist-interventions-through-retrospective-chart-review
#11
Patricia Z Marincic, Amie Hardin, Maria V Salazar, Susan Scott, Shirley X Fan, Philippe R Gaillard
BACKGROUND: Diabetes self-management education (DSME) and medical nutrition therapy (MNT) improve patient outcomes; poor reimbursement limits access to care. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to develop methodology for tracking patient outcomes subsequent to registered dietitian nutritionist interventions, document outcomes for patients with type 2 diabetes attending an American Diabetes Association-recognized program, and obtain outcome data to support reimbursement and public policy initiatives to improve patient access to DSME and MNT...
March 16, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330702/-exploratory-population-study-of-overweight-and-obese-subjects-perceptions-searching-for-improved-management-practices
#12
C Crutze, B Pétré, N Dardenne, A-F Donneau, S Streel, A Albert, A Scheen, E Husson, M Guillaume
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are major public health problems of growing concern. Few studies have investigated the representations and perceptions of subjects with overweight and obesity, especially in the general population, as compared to people in a medical weight loss process. The objective of this study was to fill this gap by enabling participants to express their feelings and experience about their overweight, and to assess the extent of the body mass index (BMI) as a determinant of these perceptions...
March 19, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329121/very-low-calorie-diets-for-weight-loss-in-obese-older-adults-a-randomized-trial
#13
Cilla J Haywood, Luke A Prendergast, Katrina Purcell, Lauren Le Fevre, Wen Kwang Lim, Mary Galea, Joseph Proietto
Background: Obesity contributes to disability in older adults, and this is offset by weight loss and exercise. Very Low Calorie Diets (VLCDs) achieve rapid weight loss; however, these have not been rigorously evaluated in older people. Methods: A randomized trial was conducted from August 2012 through December 2015. The intervention was 12 weeks of thrice weekly exercise combined with either healthy eating advice (Ex/HE), hypocaloric diet (Ex/Diet), or VLCD (Ex/VLCD)...
February 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325732/whey-protein-effects-on-energy-balance-link-the-intestinal-mechanisms-of-energy-absorption-with-adiposity-and-hypothalamic-neuropeptide-gene-expression
#14
Kanishka N Nilaweera, Raul Cabrera-Rubio, John R Speakman, Paula M O' Connor, AnneMarie McAuliffe, Caitriona M Guinane, Elaine Lawton, Fiona Crispie, Mònica Aguilera, Maurice Stanley, Serena Boscaini, Susan Joyce, Silvia Melgar, John F Cryan, Paul D Cotter
We tested the hypothesis that dietary whey protein isolate (WPI) affects the intestinal mechanisms related to energy absorption and that the resulting energy deficit is compensated by changes in energy balance to support growth. C57BL/6 mice were provided a diet enriched with WPI with varied sucrose content, and the impact on energy balance related parameters were investigated. As part of a high sucrose diet, WPI reduced the hypothalamic expression of pro-opiomelanocortin gene expression and increased energy intake...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325338/physicochemical-properties-and-antidiabetic-effects-of-a-polysaccharide-from-corn-silk-in-high-fat-diet-and-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-mice
#15
Yuxiang Pan, Cong Wang, Zhongqin Chen, Weiwei Li, Guoqi Yuan, Haixia Chen
This study aimed to investigate the physicochemical properties and antidiabetic effects of a polysaccharide obtained from corn silk (PCS2). PCS2 was isolated and the physicochemical properties were characterized. The hypoglycemic effects were determined using the high-fat diet and streptozocin induced type 2 diabetic mellitus (T2DM) insulin resistance mice. The results showed that PCS2 was a heteropolysaccharide with the average molecular weight of 45.5kDa. PCS2 was composed of d-galactose, d-mannose, d-(+)-glucose, d-(+)-xylose, l-arabinose and l-rhamnose...
May 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325141/effect-of-intranasal-administration-of-galanin-like-peptide-galp-on-body-weight-and-hepatic-lipids-accumulation-in-mice-with-diet-induced-obesity
#16
Satoshi Hirako, Nobuhiro Wada, Haruaki Kageyama, Fumiko Takenoya, Hyounju Kim, Yuzuru Iizuka, Akiyo Matsumoto, Mai Okabe, Seiji Shioda
Galanin-like peptide (GALP) is a neuropeptide involved in the regulation of food intake behavior, body weight and energy metabolism. In previous studies, we demonstrated that the intranasal administration of GALP has weight loss effects, although the mechanism of this action was not clarified. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the functional significance of GALP on lipid metabolism in the liver. Mice were fed a high fat diet to cause diet-induced obesity (DIO) and then administered GALP intranasally for 2 weeks (experimental), or vehicle (control)...
March 20, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324017/a-novel-selective-bombesin-receptor-subtype-3-agonist-promotes-weight-loss-in-male-diet-induced-obese-rats-with-circadian-rhythm-change
#17
Yasunori Nio, Natsu Hotta, Minoru Maruyama, Kenichi Hamagami, Toshimi Nagi, Masaaki Funata, Junichi Sakamoto, Masanori Nakakariya, Nobuyuki Amano, Tomohiro Okawa, Yasuyoshi Arikawa, Shinobu Sasaki, Shoki Okuda, Shizuo Kasai, Yugo Habata, Yasutaka Nagisa
Bombesin receptor subtype 3 (BRS-3) is an orphan G-protein-coupled receptor. Based on the obese phenotype of male BRS-3-deficient mice, BRS-3 has been considered an attractive target for obesity treatment. Here, we developed a novel selective BRS-3 agonist (Compound-A) and evaluated its anti-obesity effects. Compound-A showed anorectic effects and enhanced energy expenditure in diet-induced obese (DIO)-F344 rats. Moreover, repeated oral administration of Compound-A for 7 days resulted in a significant body weight reduction in DIO-F344 rats...
March 16, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323952/randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-mufa-or-fiber-rich-diet-on-hepatic-fat-in-pre-diabetes
#18
Isabel Errazuriz, Simmi Dube, Michael Slama, Roberto Visentin, Sunita Nayar, Helen O'Connor, Claudio Cobelli, Swapan Kumar Das, Ananda Basu, Walter Karl Kremers, John Port, Rita Basu
Context: Increased prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus and prediabetes worldwide has been attributed, at least in part, to a modern lifestyle, in particular, to an unhealthy diet. Objective: To evaluate whether 12 weeks of high MUFA or fiber-rich weight maintenance diet lowers hepatic fat and improves glucose tolerance in people with prediabetes. Design: Subjects underwent a [6, 6-2H2] labeled 75 g oral glucose tolerance test to estimate hepatic insulin sensitivity (Siliver) along with measurement of liver fat fraction (LFF) using magnetic resonance spectroscopy before and after intervention...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323920/perinatal-exposure-to-low-dose-bisphenol-a-bpa-disrupts-the-structural-and-functional-development-of-the-hypothalamic-feeding-circuitry
#19
Harry MacKay, Zachary R Patterson, Alfonso Abizaid
Bisphenol-A (BPA) is a component of polycarbonate and other plastics to which humans are regularly exposed at low levels. BPA is characterized as an endocrine disruptor due to observations of its estrogenic activity in various experimental models. We have previously shown evidence of disrupted hypothalamic feeding circuitry and leptin sensitivity in adult BPA-exposed animals subject to a high-fat diet, but because these animals were already exhibiting a diet-induced obese phenotype, we could not rule out the possibility that these observations were simply consequences of the obesity, not a pre-existing phenotype produced by BPA exposure...
February 7, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320464/impact-of-different-dietary-approaches-on-glycemic-control-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#20
Lukas Schwingshackl, Anna Chaimani, Georg Hoffmann, Carolina Schwedhelm, Heiner Boeing
BACKGROUND: Dietary advice is one of the cornerstones in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The American Diabetes Association recommended a hypocaloric diet for overweight or obese adults with type 2 diabetes in order to induce weight loss. However, there is limited evidence on the optimal approaches to control hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes patients. The aim of the present study is to assess the comparative efficacy of different dietary approaches on glycemic control and blood lipids in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in a systematic review including a standard pairwise and network meta-analysis of randomized trials...
March 20, 2017: Systematic Reviews
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