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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158721/knowledge-of-community-pharmacists-about-the-risks-of-medication-use-during-pregnancy-in-central-region-of-saudi-arabia
#1
Ziyad Alrabiah, Mohamed N Al-Arifi, Sultan M Alghadeer, Syed Wajid, Ali AlQahtani, Naif Almotari, AbdAllh AlHwerani, Salmeen D Babelghaith
Background: Community pharmacists (CPs) are the most accessible health care provider to the public, and they have huge duties to improve medication use especially among the pregnant women in their community. The objective of this study was to evaluate knowledge of CPs about the medication safety during pregnancy. Methods: A prospective cross-sectional survey was carried out over practicing community pharmacists in a capital of Saudi Arabia (SA). Pharmacists were asked about the safety of each medicine during pregnancy...
November 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137795/cerium-substituted-magnetite-fabrication-characterization-and-sonocatalytic-activity-assessment
#2
Alireza Khataee, Ramin Hassandoost, Shima Rahim Pouran
The present paper reports the sonocatalytic activity of cerium-substituted-magnetite for removal of oxytetracycline (OTC). The catalyst was prepared through a chemical route (co-precipitation, Fe3-xCexO4) and a mechanical procedure (CeO2/Fe3O4). Subsequently, the physico-chemical characteristics of both samples were determined using XRD, BET, SEM, EDX, TEM, Dot-mapping, FT-IR, DRS, and VSM analysis and compared to pristine magnetite and ceria. Afterwards, the effects of various operational conditions were assessed on sonocatalytic performance of Fe2...
March 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122535/limited-output-transcranial-electrical-stimulation-lotes-2017-engineering-principles-regulatory-statutes-and-industry-standards-for-wellness-over-the-counter-or-prescription-devices-with-low-risk
#3
Marom Bikson, Bhaskar Paneri, Andoni Mourdoukoutas, Zeinab Esmaeilpour, Bashar W Badran, Robin Azzam, Devin Adair, Abhishek Datta, Xiao Hui Fang, Brett Wingeier, Daniel Chao, Miguel Alonso-Alonso, Kiwon Lee, Helena Knotkova, Adam J Woods, David Hagedorn, Doug Jeffery, James Giordano, William J Tyler
We present device standards for low-power non-invasive electrical brain stimulation devices classified as limited output transcranial electrical stimulation (tES). Emerging applications of limited output tES to modulate brain function span techniques to stimulate brain or nerve structures, including transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS), and transcranial pulsed current stimulation (tPCS), have engendered discussion on how access to technology should be regulated...
October 17, 2017: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108459/comparison-of-medication-history-accuracy-between-nurses-and-pharmacy-personnel
#4
Connor Bowman, Jennifer McKenna, Phil Schneider, Brian Barnes
PURPOSE: To evaluate the differences in medication history errors made by pharmacy technicians, students, and pharmacists compared to nurses at a community hospital. METHODS: One hundred medication histories completed by either pharmacy or nursing staff were repeated and evaluated for errors by a fourth-year pharmacy student. The histories were analyzed for differences in the rate of errors per medication. Errors were categorized by their clinical significance, which was determined by a panel of pharmacists, pharmacy students, and nurses...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107746/how-many-deficits-in-the-same-dyslexic-brains-a-behavioural-and-fmri-assessment-of-comorbidity-in-adult-dyslexics
#5
Laura Danelli, Manuela Berlingeri, Gabriella Bottini, Nunzio A Borghese, Mirko Lucchese, Maurizio Sberna, Cathy J Price, Eraldo Paulesu
Dyslexia can have different manifestations: this has motivated different theories on its nature, on its underlying brain bases and enduring controversies on how to best treat it. The relative weight of the different manifestations has never been evaluated using both behavioural and fMRI measures, a challenge taken here to assess the major systems called into play in dyslexia by different theories. We found that adult well-compensated dyslexics were systematically impaired only in reading and in visuo-phonological tasks, while deficits for other systems (e...
September 22, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094226/aminoacidopathies-prevalence-etiology-screening-and-treatment-options
#6
REVIEW
Muhammad Wasim, Fazli Rabbi Awan, Haq Nawaz Khan, Abdul Tawab, Mazhar Iqbal, Hina Ayesha
Inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs) are a group of inherited metabolic disorders which are caused by mutations in the specific genes that lead to impaired proteins or enzymes production. Different metabolic pathways are perturbed due to the deficiency or lack of enzymes. To date, more than 500 IEMs have been reported with most of them being untreatable. However, fortunately 91 such disorders are potentially treatable, if diagnosed at an earlier stage of life. IEMs have been classified into different categories and one class of IEMs, characterized by the physiological disturbances of amino acids is called as aminoacidopathies...
November 1, 2017: Biochemical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078188/cu-fe3o4-core-shell-nanoparticle-catalyzed-oxidative-degradation-of-the-antibiotic-oxytetracycline-in-pre-treated-landfill-leachate
#7
Van Luan Pham, Do-Gun Kim, Seok-Oh Ko
Novel Cu@Fe3O4 core-shell nanoparticles prepared via a simple reduction method were evaluated for degradation of oxytetracycline (OTC) in pre-treated leachate (Lp-TREA) (leachate treated by conventional methods). Changes in the characteristics of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in the leachate were also investigated to gain a better understanding of the effects of DOM on the performance of Cu@Fe3O4. An excellent OTC degradation of >99% was achieved within 30 min under conditions of 1 g/L Cu@Fe3O4, 20 mg/L OTC, 20 mM H2O2, and initial pH 3...
October 17, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076394/tetracycline-antibiotics-transfer-from-contaminated-milk-to-dairy-products-and-the-effect-of-the-skimming-step-and-pasteurization-process-on-residue-concentrations
#8
Anna Gajda, Ewelina Nowacka-Kozak, Malgorzata Gbylik, Andrzej Posyniak
The presence of antibiotics in raw milk and milk derivatives poses a threat to human health and can negatively affect the dairy industry. Therefore, the main object of this study was to investigate the transfer of oxytetracycline (OTC), tetracycline (TC), chlortetracycline (CTC) and doxycycline (DC) from raw, experimental milk contaminated with tetracyclines (TCs) to different dairy products: cream, butter, buttermilk, sour milk, whey, curd and cheese. Additionally we tested the effect of the skimming process on TCs concentrations, as well as the influence of low-temperature long-time pasteurization...
October 27, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073468/enhanced-escherichia-coli-inactivation-and-oxytetracycline-hydrochloride-degradation-by-a-z-scheme-silver-iodide-decorated-bismuth-vanadate-nanocomposite-under-visible-light-irradiation
#9
Dan-Lin Guan, Cheng-Gang Niu, Xiao-Ju Wen, Hai Guo, Can-Hui Deng, Guang-Ming Zeng
Novel Z-scheme AgI/BiVO4 photocatalysts were fabricated by a chemical deposition-precipitation approach. The photocatalytic activities of the obtained catalysts were evaluated by disinfection of Escherichia coli (E. coli) and degradation of oxytetracycline hydrochloride (OTC-HCl) under visible-light irradiation. The BA3 (contained 9.09% of AgI) exhibited the highest photocatalytic activity and maintained good stability. It could completely inactivate 7.0×10(7) CFU/mL of E. coli in 50 min and degrade 80% of OTC-HCl in 60 min...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069156/effectiveness-of-a-new-non-hydrogen-peroxide-bleaching-agent-after-single-use-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-short-term-study
#10
Mozhgan Bizhang, Julia Domin, Gholamreza Danesh, Stefan Zimmer
INTRODUCTION: Tooth whitening represents perhaps the most common aesthetic procedure in dentistry worldwide. The efficacy of bleaching depends on three aspects: bleaching agent, bleaching method, and tooth color. OBJECTIVE: This in vivo study aimed to examine whitening effects on frontal teeth of the upper and lower jaws using an over-the-counter (OTC) non-hydrogen peroxide bleaching agent in comparison to a placebo after one single use. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty subjects (25 female; 15 male) participated in this double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial...
September 2017: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063436/non-prescription-treatment-options
#11
Sandy François, Kayla Felix, Leah Cardwell, Taylor Edwards, Zakiya Rice
The pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis (AD) is complex and multifactorial. However, recent advancements in the genetics and pathophysiology of AD suggest that epidermal barrier dysfunction is paramount in the development and progression of the condition (Boguniewicz and Leung, Immunol Rev 242(1):233-246, 2011). In addition to standard therapy for AD, there are a plethora of non-prescription treatment modalities which may be employed. Over-the-counter treatments for atopic dermatitis can come in the form of topical corticosteroids, moisturizers/emollients, and oral anti-histamines...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051442/pharmaceutical-wastewater-effluent-source-of-contaminants-of-emerging-concern-phytotoxicity-of-metronidazole-to-soybean-glycine-max
#12
Okhumode H Yakubu
Industrial discharge of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) into the environment in some middle- and low-income countries is not sufficiently regulated. The phytotoxicity of metronidazole (FLAGYL)-one of the most commonly used over the counter (OTC) antibiotics, to soybean (Glycine max) is investigated. Relative growth rate (RGR) expressed in gram per gram per day (gg(-1)d(-1)) was applied to plants destructively harvested at maturity (42 d), to determine the toxicological impact. Differences between mean RGR of the three groups were performed at 0...
April 2, 2017: Toxics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047196/to-what-extent-do-data-from-pharmaceutical-claims-under-estimate-opioid-analgesic-utilisation-in-australia
#13
Natasa Gisev, Sallie-Anne Pearson, Emily A Karanges, Briony Larance, Nicholas A Buckley, Sarah Larney, Timothy Dobbins, Bianca Blanch, Louisa Degenhardt
PURPOSE: Although pharmaceutical claims are an essential data source for pharmacoepidemiological studies, these data potentially under-estimate opioid utilisation. Therefore, this study aimed to quantify the extent to which pharmaceutical claims from Australia's national medicines subsidy programs (Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme [PBS] and Repatriation Schedule of Pharmaceutical Benefits [RPBS]) under-estimate prescription-only and total national opioid utilisation across time and for different opioids...
October 19, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044911/split-graft-liver-transplantation-from-an-adult-donor-with-an-unrecognized-ucd-to-a-pediatric-and-adult-recipient
#14
C H Lee, C Ellaway, A Shun, G Thomas, P Nair, J O'Neill, N Shakel, M O Stormon
We report the outcomes of an adult and pediatric split liver transplant from an adult male donor who died due to an unrecognized UCD, OTC deficiency. Recognizing inborn errors of metabolism can be challenging, especially in adult centers where such disorders are rarely encountered. Shortage of donors for liver transplantation has led to procedures to maximize donor utilization, such as split and live donor grafts. The cause of death should be ascertained before accepting a cadaveric donor organ.
October 16, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042113/extension-of-golay-plate-height-equation-for-open-tubular-columns
#15
Leonid M Blumberg
Golay plate height equation with its B-term equal to 2Dm/u (Dm is molecular diffusivity of a solute in the carrier gas and u is the gas velocity) has been developed for WCOT (wall-coated open-tubular) GC columns with liquid stationary phases. In a more general case of OTC (open tubular columns) such as the PLOT (porous layer open-tubular) columns and others, the B-term is 2(Dm+kDS)/u (DS and k are the solute net diffusivity in the stationary zone and the retention factor, respectively) which can be substantially larger than 2Dm/u...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036309/chiral-analysis-of-methamphetamine-in-oral-fluid-samples-a-method-to-distinguish-licit-from-illicit-drug-use
#16
Damon Borg, Elizabeth Kolb, Cindy Lantigua, Richard Stripp
Methamphetamine (MAMP) is a popular illicit drug abused for its central nervous system stimulating effects. MAMP is also used therapeutically in the treatment of overeating disorders, narcolepsy, attention deficit disorder, in over-the-counter (OTC) products to ease nasal congestion. MAMP exists in two enantiomeric forms, dextrorotary (d-MAMP) or levorotary (l-MAMP). The compounds are similar in chemical structure, simply differing in the orientation of functional groups around the asymmetric carbon. In part because of the availability of l-MAMP in OTC nasal inhalers, forensic guidelines require a sample to contain greater than 20% d-MAMP to consider illicit drug use when interpreting results...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032255/single-incision-laparoscopic-surgery-sils-for-ovarian-tissue-cryopreservation
#17
Gilad Karavani, Natali Schachter-Safrai, Henry H Chill, Talya Mordechai Daniel, Dvora Bauman, Ariel Revel
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To present single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) as an alternative to standard multi-port laparoscopic surgery (MPLS) for ovarian tissue cryopreservation (OTC). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Tertiary medical center. PATIENTS: Two hundred thirty-one patients referred for oncological fertility preservation. INTERVENTION: Non-inferiority comparison of SILS to MPLS for ovarian cryopreservation for future transplantation...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027092/toxic-effects-of-oxytetracycline-and-copper-separately-or-combined-on-soil-microbial-biomasses
#18
Lanjun Wang, Jinhua Wang, Lusheng Zhu, Jun Wang
The production of commercial livestock and poultry often involves using with antibiotics and feed additives, such as oxytetracycline (OTC) and copper (Cu). These are often excreted into the soil by animal feces; hence, combined pollutants may contaminate the soil. To evaluate single and combined toxic effects of OTC and Cu on the soil ecology, changes in quantities of bacteria, fungi, and actinomycetes in the soil were studied over a 28-d incubation period by a plate count method, microbes numbers counted on days 7, 14, 21, and 28...
October 12, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021756/expression-of-tau-pathology-related-proteins-in-different-brain-regions-a-molecular-basis-of-tau-pathogenesis
#19
Wen Hu, Feng Wu, Yanchong Zhang, Cheng-Xin Gong, Khalid Iqbal, Fei Liu
Microtubule-associated protein tau is hyperphosphorylated and aggregated in affected neurons in Alzheimer disease (AD) brains. The tau pathology starts from the entorhinal cortex (EC), spreads to the hippocampus and frontal and temporal cortices, and finally to all isocortex areas, but the cerebellum is spared from tau lesions. The molecular basis of differential vulnerability of different brain regions to tau pathology is not understood. In the present study, we analyzed brain regional expressions of tau and tau pathology-related proteins...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018977/biodegradation-of-tetracycline-antibiotics-in-a-o-moving-bed-biofilm-reactor-systems
#20
Han-Yu Chen, Yong-De Liu, Bin Dong
An anaerobic/aerobic moving-bed biofilm (A/O-MBBR) reactor system was constructed, and the treatment efficiency of aqueous antibiotics in wastewater was investigated. The effects of antibiotics on the microbial communities in the A/O-MBBR were also investigated. Under the optimized reaction conditions, removal of tetracycline antibiotics (TCs) was studied in a series of experiments. When a low concentration of tetracycline (TC) was added to the reactor system, high removal efficiency of conventional pollutants (TC concentration decreased from 10 turn to 2...
October 10, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
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