keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

OTC

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350257/a-new-approach-for-the-extraction-of-tetracyclines-from-soil-matrices-application-of-the-microwave-extraction-technique
#1
Paulina Łukaszewicz, Anna Białk-Bielińska, Joanna Dołżonek, Jolanta Kumirska, Magda Caban, Piotr Stepnowski
The widespread use of tetracyclines (TCs) in animal husbandry is associated with their constant penetration into the environment and the threat they might pose to living organisms. While the literature data on the analysis of these substances in such matrices as food, tissues, or wastewater are quite extensive, there are still only a few methods presented for the determination of these compounds in soil samples. Moreover, among the literature methods for the extraction of TCs from soil samples, microwave-assisted solvent extraction (MAE) was used only once and in combination with liquid chromatography with spectrophotometric detection (LC-UV)...
January 19, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347941/a-five-year-retrospective-study-of-the-epidemiological-characteristics-and-visual-outcomes-of-pediatric-ocular-trauma
#2
Edita Puodžiuvienė, Giedrė Jokūbauskienė, Monika Vieversytė, Kirwan Asselineau
BACKGROUND: Pediatric trauma can lead to serious visual impairment as a result of the trauma itself or secondary to amblyopia. Precise data on epidemiological characteristics and visual outcomes of pediatric ocular injuries are valuable for the prevention of monocular blindness. METHODS: A total of 268 cases of pediatric ocular trauma admitted to the Department of Ophthalmology of the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences Hospital from January 2008 to December 2013 were retrospectively reviewed...
January 18, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345507/ovarian-tissue-cryopreservation-in-young-females-through-the-oncofertility-consortium-s-national-physicians-cooperative
#3
Austin G Armstrong, Bruce F Kimler, Brigid M Smith, Teresa K Woodruff, Mary Ellen Pavone, Francesca E Duncan
AIM: To characterize the clinical indications of females (<15 years old) undergoing ovarian tissue cryopreservation (OTC) through the Oncofertility Consortium's National Physicians Cooperative (OC-NPC). PATIENTS & METHODS: The clinical indications of 114 females who underwent OTC were classified, and their incidence was compared with childhood cancer databases. RESULTS: Leukemias/myeloproliferative diseases/myelodysplastic diseases and hemoglobinopathies were the most prevalent oncologic and nononcologic indications for OTC, respectively...
January 18, 2018: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344916/the-acute-effects-of-erythromycin-and-oxytetracycline-on-enhanced-biological-phosphorus-removal-system-shift-in-bacterial-community-structure
#4
Zhetai Hu, Peide Sun, Jingyi Han, Ruyi Wang, Liang Jiao, Pengfei Yang, Jing Cai
Since extensive application, an increasing amount of antibiotics has been released into wastewater treatment plants. In this study, the enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) system was fed with synthetic wastewater containing erythromycin (ERY) and oxytetracycline (OTC) for 7 days to evaluate the variations of solution ortho-P (SOP), volatile fatty acid (VFA), poly-bhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs), specific oxygen uptake rater (SOUR), and microbial community in the EBPR system. The obtained results showed that the P-removal efficiency decreased to 0...
January 18, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336067/treatment-of-allergic-rhinitis-using-mobile-technology-with-real-world-data-the-mask-observational-pilot-study
#5
REVIEW
J Bousquet, S Arnavielhe, A Bedbrook, G Alexis-Alexandre, M van Eerd, R Murray, G W Canonica, M Illario, E Menditto, G Passalacqua, C Stellato, M Triggiani, P Carreiro-Martins, J Fonseca, M Morais Almeida, L Nogueira-Silva, A M Pereira, A Todo Bom, I Bosse, D Caimmi, P Demoly, P Devillier, J F Fontaine, J Just, G L Onorato, M L Kowalski, P Kuna, B Samolinski, J M Anto, J Mullol, A Valero, P V Tomazic, K C Bergmann, T Keil, L Klimek, R Mösgues, S Shamai, T Zuberbier, E Murphy, Peter McDowall, D Price, D Ryan, A Sheikh, N H Chavannes, W J Fokkens, V Kvedariene, A Valiulis, C Bachert, P W Hellings, I Kull, E Melén, M Wickman, C Bindslev-Jensen, E Eller, T Haahtela, E Valovirta, N G Papadopoulos, I Annesi-Maesano, M Bewick, S Bosnic-Anticevich, A A Cruz, G De Vries, B Gemicioglu, D Larenas-Linnemann, D Laune, E Mathieu-Dupas, R E O'Hehir, F Portejoie, V Siroux, O Spranger, O VandenPlas, A Yorgancioglu
BACKGROUND: Large observational implementation studies are needed to triangulate the findings from randomized control trials (RCTs) as they reflect "real world" everyday practice. In a pilot study, we attempted to provide additional and complementary insights on the real life treatment of allergic rhinitis using mobile technology. METHODS: A mobile phone app (Allergy Diary, freely available Google Play and Apple App stores) collects the data of daily visual analogue scales (VAS) for (i) overall allergic symptoms, (ii) nasal, ocular and asthma symptoms, (iii) work, as well as (iv) medication use using a treatment scroll list including all medications (prescribed and over the counter (OTC)) for rhinitis customized for 15 countries...
January 15, 2018: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332216/characteristics-of-arg-carrying-plasmidome-in-the-cultivable-microbial-community-from-wastewater-treatment-system-under-high-oxytetracycline-concentration
#6
Yanhong Shi, Hong Zhang, Zhe Tian, Min Yang, Yu Zhang
Studies on antibiotic production wastewater have shown that even a single antibiotic can select for multidrug resistant bacteria in aquatic environments. It is speculated that plasmids are an important mechanism of multidrug resistance (MDR) under high concentrations of antibiotics. Herein, two metagenomic libraries were constructed with plasmid DNA extracted from cultivable microbial communities in a biological wastewater treatment reactor supplemented with 0 (CONTROL) or 25 mg/L of oxytetracycline (OTC-25)...
January 13, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319146/prevalence-and-predictors-of-over-the-counter-medication-use-among-adolescents-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#7
Caroline Barakat-Haddad, Ayesha Siddiqua
The patterns of over-the-counter medication (OTC) usage among adolescents living in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) remains largely understudied. The objectives of this study are: (1) to determine the profile of OTC use among UAE adolescents; and (2) to determine the biological or physical, psychological or behavioural, and social predictors of OTC use among the UAE adolescent population. Using a cross-sectional study design, data were collected on the prevalence of OTC use for a sample of 6363 adolescents. Overall, 51% of participants in this study reported OTC use...
January 2, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317921/baseline-knowledge-of-potential-pet-toxins-a-survey-of-pharmacists
#8
Natalie W Young, Kenneth D Royal, Gigi S Davidson
Background: Consumer expenditures on their family pets are rapidly increasing, part of which can be attributed to prescription and OTC medications. In turn, community pharmacies are seeking and receiving an increased number of prescriptions for animals. Community pharmacists' ability to safely care for animal patients is relatively unexplored. Human medications, their normal dosing and even medication excipients could be lethal in some animal patients. Objective: The overarching objective of this study was to assess pharmacists' baseline knowledge of potential pet poisons...
October 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316611/european-ethnopharmaceuticals-for-self-medication-in-japan-review-experience-of-vitis-vinifera-l-folium-extract-and-vitex-agnus-castus-l-fructus-extract-as-otc-drugs
#9
REVIEW
Tatsuro Hoshino, Nanami Muto, Shinsuke Tsukada, Takatoshi Nakamura, Hikoichiro Maegawa
Since the publication of "Application Guideline for Western Traditional Herbal Medicines as OTC Drugs" in 2007, only two European ethnopharmaceuticals, Vitis vinifera L., folium extract (Antistax) and Vitex agnus-castus L., fructus extract (Prefemin), have been approved as OTC drugs in Japan. In this review, we describe the current regulation of Western ethnopharmaceuticals in Japan, summarize our regulatory experiences and discuss the scientific and regulatory issues involved.
January 6, 2018: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311458/-adverse-event-trends-associated-with-over-the-counter-combination-cold-remedy-data-mining-of-the-japanese-adverse-drug-event-report-database
#10
Sayaka Sasaoka, Haruna Hatahira, Shiori Hasegawa, Yumi Motooka, Akiho Fukuda, Misa Naganuma, Ryogo Umetsu, Satoshi Nakao, Akari Shimauchi, Natsumi Ueda, Kouseki Hirade, Kazuhiro Iguchi, Mitsuhiro Nakamura
 OTC combination cold remedies are widely used in Japan. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the adverse event profiles of OTC combination cold remedy based on the components using the Japanese Adverse Drug Event Report (JADER) database. The JADER database contained 430587 reports between April 2004 and November 2016. 1084 adverse events associated with the use of OTC combination cold remedy were reported. Reporting odds ratio (ROR) was used to detect safety signals. The ROR values for "skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders", "hepatobiliary disorders", and "immune system disorders" stratified by system organ class of the Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (MedDRA) were 9...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291524/environmental-concentrations-of-antibiotics-impair-zebrafish-gut-health
#11
Li Zhou, Samwel Mchele Limbu, Meilin Shen, Wanying Zhai, Fang Qiao, Anyuan He, Zhen-Yu Du, Meiling Zhang
Antibiotics have been widely used in human and veterinary medicine to both treat and prevent disease. Due to their high water solubility and low bioavailability, many antibiotic residues have been found in aquatic environments. Fish are an indispensable link between the environmental pollution and human health. However, the chronic effects of environmental concentrations of antibiotics in fish have not been thoroughly investigated. Sulfamethoxazole (SMX) and oxytetracycline (OTC) are frequently detected in aquatic environments...
December 29, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290063/removal-mechanism-of-di-n-butyl-phthalate-and-oxytetracycline-from-aqueous-solutions-by-nano-manganese-dioxide-modified-biochar
#12
Minling Gao, Yue Zhang, Xiaolei Gong, Zhengguo Song, Zeyang Guo
In this work, nano-manganese dioxide (nMnO2)-modified biochar (BC) was synthesized in order to improve BC's adsorption capacity for di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) and oxytetracycline (OTC). The results showed that nMnO2 on the BC surface exhibited a poor crystallinity and oxidation state (Mn (IV)). Sorption experiments showed that, compared to BC, DBP sorption capacity of nMnO2-BC (1:20) and OTC sorption capacity of nMnO2-BC (1:10) were 0.0364 and 0.0867 mmol/g, respectively, which are significantly higher than that of BC (0...
December 30, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286743/disentangling-intracycle-interferences-in-photoelectron-momentum-distributions-using-orthogonal-two-color-laser-fields
#13
Xinhua Xie, Tian Wang, ShaoGang Yu, XuanYang Lai, Stefan Roither, Daniil Kartashov, Andrius Baltuška, XiaoJun Liu, André Staudte, Markus Kitzler
We use orthogonally polarized two-color (OTC) laser pulses to separate quantum paths in the multiphoton ionization of Ar atoms. Our OTC pulses consist of 400 and 800 nm light at a relative intensity ratio of 10∶1. We find a hitherto unobserved interference in the photoelectron momentum distribution, which exhibits a strong dependence on the relative phase of the OTC pulse. Analysis of model calculations reveals that the interference is caused by quantum pathways from nonadjacent quarter cycles.
December 15, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282796/disease-causing-mutations-in-the-promoter-and-enhancer-of-the-ornithine-transcarbamylase-gene
#14
Yoon J Jang, Abigail L LaBella, Timothy P Feeney, Nancy Braverman, Mendel Tuchman, Hiroki Morizono, Nicholas Ah Mew, Ljubica Caldovic
The ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) gene is on the X chromosome and its product catalyzes the formation of citrulline from ornithine and carbamylphosphate in the urea cycle. About 10-15% of patients, clinically diagnosed with OTC deficiency (OTCD), lack identifiable mutations in the coding region or splice junctions of the OTC gene on routine molecular testing. We collected DNA from such patients via retrospective review and by prospective enrollment. In nine of 38 subjects (24%), we identified a sequence variant in the OTC regulatory regions...
December 27, 2017: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279777/ornithine-transcarbamylase-deficiency-if-at-first-you-do-not-diagnose-try-and-try-again
#15
Christan D Santos, Robert A Ratzlaff, Jennifer C Meder, Paldeep S Atwal, Nicole E Joyce
Ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) deficiency is well known for its diagnosis in the neonatal period. Presentation often occurs after protein feeding and manifests as poor oral intake, vomiting, lethargy progressing to seizure, respiratory difficulty, and eventually coma. Presentation at adulthood is rare (and likely underdiagnosed); however, OTC deficiency can be life-threatening and requires prompt investigation and treatment. Reports and guidelines are scarce due to its rarity. Here, we present a 59-year-old woman with a past history of irritable bowel syndrome who underwent a reparative operation for rectal prolapse and enterocele...
2017: Case Reports in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260900/trends-in-dextromethorphan-cough-and-cold-products-2000-2015-national-poison-data-system-intentional-abuse-exposure-calls
#16
Sara Karami, Jacqueline M Major, Silvia Calderon, Jana K McAninch
CONTEXT: Recent restrictions in access to and availability of dextromethorphan (DXM) cough and cold medications may correlate with changes in abuse exposures. OBJECTIVE: To extend and update existing knowledge about DXM abuse, we describe recent trends and patterns of calls to poison control centers involving DXM abuse, by demographics, geography, common brands, and medical outcomes. METHODS: We utilized data from the National Poison Data System (NPDS) maintained by the American Association of Poison Control Centers (AAPCC), which captures data on calls to U...
December 20, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260839/safety-and-effectiveness-of-health-care-antiseptics-topical-antimicrobial-drug-products-for-over-the-counter-human-use-final-rule
#17
(no author information available yet)
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA, the Agency, or we) is issuing this final rule establishing that certain active ingredients used in nonprescription (also known as over-the-counter or OTC) antiseptic products intended for use by health care professionals in a hospital setting or other health care situations outside the hospital are not generally recognized as safe and effective (GRAS/GRAE). FDA is issuing this final rule after considering the recommendations of the Nonprescription Drugs Advisory Committee (NDAC); public comments on the Agency's notices of proposed rulemaking; and all data and information on OTC health care antiseptic products that have come to the Agency's attention...
December 20, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259056/socioeconomic-differences-in-self-medication-among-middle-aged-and-older-people-data-from-the-china-health-and-retirement-longitudinal-study
#18
Jie Chang, Qing Wang, Yu Fang
OBJECTIVES: Self-medication with over-the-counter medicines (OTCs) and prescription-only medicines (POMs) are both pervasive in China, although the latter is an inappropriate practice. We examined the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and self-medication with OTCs versus POMs. METHODS: Multivariate logistic regressions based on the Andersen framework were estimated using a subsample of respondents aged 45 years and over from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study collected between 2011 and 2013 (n=23 699)...
December 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258734/interventions-to-enhance-effective-communication-during-over-the-counter-consultations-in-the-community-pharmacy-setting-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Liza J Seubert, Kerry Whitelaw, Laetitia Hattingh, Margaret C Watson, Rhonda M Clifford
BACKGROUND: Easy access to effective over-the-counter (OTC) treatments allows self-management of some conditions, however inappropriate or incorrect supply or use of OTC medicines can cause harm. Pharmacy personnel should support consumers in their health-seeking behaviour by utilising effective communication skills underpinned by clinical knowledge. OBJECTIVE: To identify interventions targeted towards improving communication between consumers and pharmacy personnel during OTC consultations in the community pharmacy setting...
December 13, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258376/the-consumption-of-conventional-and-nonconventional-medicines-in-an-italian-province-the-influence-of-sociodemographic-factors-and-health-beliefs
#20
Davide Galesi, Linda Lombi
Many studies have investigated the factors that influence the consumption of medicines. This article aims to compare how these factors affect both conventional medicines (prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) medicines) and nonconventional ones, also named as complementary and alternative medicines (CAM). A questionnaire was administered to a purposive sample of 4,074 inhabitants of the province of Mantua, Italy. Logical regressions were used to identify the variables influencing frequency of use. The consumption frequency of various types of medicines was associated not only with demographic aspects (such as gender, age, and education level) but also with everyday treatment strategies (such as self-medication habits and use of the Internet for medical aims) and health beliefs...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
keyword
keyword
52647
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"