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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224232/physical-activity-and-family-based-obesity-treatment-a-review-of-expert-recommendations-on-physical-activity-in-youth
#1
REVIEW
C Foster, J B Moore, C R Singletary, J A Skelton
Targeting physical inactivity in children is pertinent to aiding in the decrease of childhood obesity rates. Only 33% of adolescents are obtaining the recommended goal of at least 60 min of physical activity per day. The objectives of this review are to summarize professional recommendations for physical activity and exercise in children and adolescents, and identify family-centred strategies that can be implemented by weight management clinicians. Clinically oriented recommendations and policy statements from professional organizations were identified through literature and internet searches, summarized using rubrics of aerobic, muscle strengthening and bone strengthening exercise, then examined for details on family-based focus, inclusion of child developmental stage and age, and application to the prevention and treatment of obesity...
December 10, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223750/choosing-pre-conception-planning-for-women-families-counselling-and-informed-consent-part-2-pre-conception-reproductive-planning-lifestyle-immunization-and-psychosocial-issues
#2
REVIEW
R Douglas Wilson
OBJECTIVE: To inform reproductive and other health care providers about pre-conception evaluation, including considerations for reproductive planning, lifestyle modification, immunization status and attitudes, and psychosocial issues. OPTIONS: This counselling information can be used for patient education and planning and possible pre-conception and/or prenatal testing. OUTCOMES: This information may allow for improved risk assessment when pre-conception counselling for individual patients and their families is used...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223186/willingness-of-firefighting-program-students-to-work-in-disasters-turkey
#3
Edip Kaya, Hakan Altintas
Introduction Firefighting is an important profession during disasters. Firefighters are on duty for many vital functions, including fire extinguishing, search and rescue work, and evacuation of disaster victims to a safe zone. In case of a disaster situation, it is vital to have willing personnel to work in disasters. In the literature, type of disaster, individual demographic factors, family factors, and workplace factors have been identified as factors that influence health care personnel's willingness to work during a disaster...
December 10, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221852/captive-bred-neotropical-birds-diagnosed-with-cryptosporidium-avian-genotype-iii
#4
Ricardo Silva Novaes, Marcus Sandes Pires, Adriana Pittella Sudré, Teresa Cristina Bergamo do Bomfim
Currently, there are only three valid species of Cryptosporidium infecting avian hosts, namely, Cryptosporidium meleagridis, Cryptosporidium baileyi, and Cryptosporidium galli, in addition to 13 genotypes of unknown species status, such as Avian genotypes I-VI, the black duck genotype, the Eurasian woodcock genotype, and goose genotypes I-V. The objectives of this study were to microscopically diagnose the presence of Cryptosporidium in birds from a commercial aviary located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; genotypically characterize species and/or genotypes of genus Cryptosporidum; and conduct sequencing and phylogenetic analyses to compare the obtained DNA sequences with those deposited in GenBank...
December 5, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220485/funricegenes-dataset-for-comprehensive-understanding-and-application-of-rice-functional-genes
#5
Wen Yao, Guangwei Li, Yiming Yu, Yidan Ouyang
Background: As a main staple food, rice is also a model plant for functional genomic studies of monocots. Decoding of every DNA element of the rice genome is essential for genetic improvement to address increasing food demands. The past 15 years have witnessed extraordinary advances in rice functional genomics. Systematic characterization and proper deposition of every rice gene are vital for both functional studies and crop genetic improvement. Findings: We built a comprehensive and accurate dataset of ∼2,800 functionally characterized rice genes and ∼5,000 members of different gene families, by integrating data from available databases and reviewing of every publication on rice functional genomic studies...
December 4, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220180/securamine-derivatives-from-the-arctic-bryozoan-securiflustra-securifrons
#6
Kine Ø Hansen, Johan Isaksson, Annette Bayer, Jostein A Johansen, Jeanette H Andersen, Espen Hansen
Bryozoans belonging to the Flustridae family have proven to be a rich source of structurally unique secondary metabolites. As part of our continuing search for bioactive secondary metabolites from Arctic marine invertebrates, the organic extract of Securiflustra securifrons was examined. This resulted in the isolation of three new halogenated, hexacyclic indole-imidazole alkaloids, securamines H-J (1-3), together with the previously reported compounds securamines C (4) and E (5). The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by spectroscopic methods including 1D and 2D NMR and analysis of HRMS data...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219875/ehealth-interventions-for-parents-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units-a-systematic-review
#7
Justine Dol, Alannah Delahunty-Pike, Sheren Anwar Siani, Marsha Campbell-Yeo
BACKGROUND: As technology becomes increasingly more advanced, particularly video technology and interactive learning platforms, some neonatal intensive care units are embracing electronic health (eHealth) technologies to enhance and expand their family-centered care environments. Despite the emergence of eHealth, there has been a lack of systematic evaluation of its effectiveness thus far. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of eHealth interventions used in neonatal intensive care units on parent-related and infant outcomes...
December 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218903/coalitional-game-theory-as-a-promising-approach-to-identify-candidate-autism-genes
#8
Anika Gupta, Min Woo Sun, Kelley Marie Paskov, Nate Tyler Stockham, Jae-Yoon Jung, Dennis Paul Wall
Despite mounting evidence for the strong role of genetics in the phenotypic manifestation of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), the specific genes responsible for the variable forms of ASD remain undefined. ASD may be best explained by a combinatorial genetic model with varying epistatic interactions across many small effect mutations. Coalitional or cooperative game theory is a technique that studies the combined effects of groups of players, known as coalitions, seeking to identify players who tend to improve the performance--the relationship to a specific disease phenotype--of any coalition they join...
2018: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218053/marker-development-for-phylogenomics-the-case-of-orobanchaceae-a-plant-family-with-contrasting-nutritional-modes
#9
Xi Li, Baohai Hao, Da Pan, Gerald M Schneeweiss
Phylogenomic approaches, employing next-generation sequencing (NGS) techniques, have revolutionized systematic and evolutionary biology. Target enrichment is an efficient and cost-effective method in phylogenomics and is becoming increasingly popular. Depending on availability and quality of reference data as well as on biological features of the study system, (semi-)automated identification of suitable markers will require specific bioinformatic pipelines. Here, we established a highly flexible bioinformatic pipeline, BaitsFinder, to identify putative orthologous single copy genes (SCGs) and to construct bait sequences in a single workflow...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216904/technology-for-fostering-intergenerational-connectivity-scoping-review-protocol
#10
Jennifer Boger, Kathryn Mercer
BACKGROUND: The simultaneous increase in geographically dispersed families and general decrease in engagement in local communities is resulting in fewer opportunities for youth and older adults interact in meaningful ways. Technology is becoming increasingly pervasive and flexible and providing new opportunities to foster intergenerational connection that can be implemented and evaluated across a multitude of populations and contexts. What research has been done in this area is spread across disciplines and what aspects of technologies could make them more effective is not well understood...
December 8, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216221/copy-number-variants-in-ebstein-anomaly
#11
Andreas Giannakou, Robert J Sicko, Wei Zhang, Paul Romitti, Marilyn L Browne, Michele Caggana, Lawrence C Brody, Laura Jelliffe-Pawlowski, Gary M Shaw, Denise M Kay, James L Mills
BACKGROUND: Ebstein anomaly (EA) is a rare congenital defect characterized by apical displacement of the septal tricuspid leaflets and atrialization of the right ventricle. The etiology of EA is unclear; however, recurrence in families and the association of EA with genetic syndromes and copy number variants (CNVs) suggest a genetic component. OBJECTIVE: We performed a population-based study to search for recurrent and novel CNVs in a previously unreported set of EA cases...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215880/neuroprotective-effects-of-1-2-diarylpropane-type-phenylpropanoid-enantiomers-from-red-raspberry-against-h2o2-induced-oxidative-stress-in-human-neuroblastoma-sh-sy5y-cells
#12
Le Zhou, Guo-Dong Yao, Xiao-Yu Song, Jie Wang, Bin Lin, Xiao-Bo Wang, Xiao-Xiao Huang, Shao-Jiang Song
Red raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.) is an edible fruit-producing species belonging to the Rosaceae family. In our search for the health-promoting constituents from this fruit, four pairs of enantiomeric phenylpropanoids (1a/1b-4a/4b), including three new compounds (1a and 2a/2b), were isolated from red raspberry. Their structures were elucidated by a combination of the extensive NMR spectroscopic data analyses, HRESIMS and comparison between the experimental measurements of electronic circular dichroism (ECD) and calculated ECD spectra by time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT)...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215036/proteomics-and-antivenomics-of-echis-carinatus-carinatus-venom-correlation-with-pharmacological-properties-and-pathophysiology-of-envenomation
#13
Aparup Patra, Bhargab Kalita, Abhishek Chanda, Ashis K Mukherjee
The proteome composition of Echis carinatus carinatus venom (ECV) from India was studied for the first time by tandem mass spectrometry analysis. A total of 90, 47, and 22 distinct enzymatic and non-enzymatic proteins belonging to 15, 10, and 6 snake venom protein families were identified in ECV by searching the ESI-LC-MS/MS data against non-redundant protein databases of Viperidae (taxid 8689), Echis (taxid 8699) and Echis carinatus (taxid 40353), respectively. However, analysis of MS/MS data against the Transcriptome Shotgun Assembly sequences (87 entries) of conger E...
December 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214346/comparative-genomics-reveals-the-presence-of-putative-toxin-antitoxin-system-in-wolbachia-genomes
#14
Kopal Singhal, Sujata Mohanty
Multiple toxin-antitoxin (TA) systems are housed in different locations within the bacterial genome and are known to be associated with various cellular processes and stress-related adaptation. In endosymbionts, although, the TA system has scarce occurrence but studies have highlighted its presence in enhancing host-symbiont interactions. Wolbachia, an obligate endosymbiont, has recently been proposed as a biocontrol agent which may be helpful in controlling vector-borne diseases. There are reports suggesting the role of TA system in inducing cytoplasmic incompatibility in case of Wolbachia, however, the underlying mechanism is still not known...
December 6, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212782/trials-of-transvaginal-mesh-devices-for-pelvic-organ-prolapse-a-systematic-database-review-of-the-us-fda-approval-process
#15
Carl J Heneghan, Ben Goldacre, Igho Onakpoya, Jeffrey K Aronson, Tom Jefferson, Annette Pluddemann, Kamal R Mahtani
INTRODUCTION: Transvaginal mesh devices are approved in the USA by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), through the 510(k) system. However, there is uncertainty about the benefit to harm balance of mesh approved for pelvic organ prolapse. We, therefore, assessed the evidence at the time of approval for transvaginal mesh products and the impact of safety studies the FDA mandated in 2012 because of emerging harms. METHODS: We used FDA databases to determine the evidence for approval of transvaginal mesh...
December 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211930/estimating-the-global-prevalence-of-transthyretin-familial-amyloid-polyneuropathy
#16
Hartmut H Schmidt, Márcia Waddington-Cruz, Marc F Botteman, John A Carter, Avijeet S Chopra, Markay Hopps, Michelle Stewart, Shari Fallet, Leslie Amass
Objective To estimate the global prevalence of transthyretin familial amyloid polyneuropathy (ATTR-FAP). METHODS: Prevalence estimates and information supporting prevalence calculations was extracted from records yielded by reference-databases searches (2005-2016), conference proceedings, and non-peer reviewed sources. Prevalence was calculated as prevalence rate multiplied by general-population size, then extrapolated to countries without prevalence estimates but with reported cases...
December 6, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211171/nursing-team-family-and-hospitalized-child-interaction-an-integrative-review
#17
Adriano Valério Dos Santos Azevêdo, Antônio Carlos Lançoni, Maria Aparecida Crepaldi
This study aims to present an integrative review of national and international scientific papers on nursing team, family, and hospitalized child interaction. Searches have been made to Bireme, Lilacs, Medline, IBECS, Psyc Info, Science Direct and Web of Science (2008-2013) databases, which allowed us to identify 31 papers represented by the following themes: Interpersonal relationship, Communication and Care. The establishment of interpersonal relationships in a technical and formal way causes difficulty in communication and in the actions aimed at providing care...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211040/promoting-long-term-health-among-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-what-s-new
#18
Mary Ann McColl, Shikha Gupta, Karen Smith, Alexander McColl
A key ingredient to successful health promotion is a primary care provider who can offer an informed first response to lifestyle issues, emerging problems and chronic challenges. This article aims to assist family physicians to play their role in promoting the health of people with SCI, by summarizing the latest evidence in the management of spinal cord injury in primary care. This study used a scoping review methodology to survey peer-reviewed journal articles and clinical guidelines published between January 2012 to June 2016...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210501/women-s-experiences-of-seeking-and-receiving-psychological-and-psychosocial-interventions-for-postpartum-depression-a-systematic-review-and-thematic-synthesis-of-the-qualitative-literature
#19
REVIEW
Holly Hadfield, Anja Wittkowski
INTRODUCTION: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a serious maternal disorder that can have adverse effects on maternal and infant health. The importance of offering effective and acceptable treatments is well recognized, particularly given the numerous barriers women in many settings face in accessing interventions for PPD. The aim of this systematic review was to synthesize qualitative research exploring women's experiences of professional psychological and psychosocial support for PPD. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted in April 2017 by searching 5 electronic databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed, Ovid, and Web of Science)...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207891/reluctance-of-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-its-early-stages-and-their-families-to-participate-in-a-partnership-based-self-management-trial-a-search-for-explanation
#20
Helga Jónsdóttir, Thorbjörg Sóley Ingadóttir
Recruitment, the process of accessing, screening, selecting and retaining participants for research remains a challenge. In a randomized controlled trial, partnership-based self-management intervention for patients who have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in its initial stages, and their families, a theoretical framework developed for patients with an advanced COPD and their families was modified and implemented in a primary care context. In contrast to recruitment to the original study where 4% decline participation, in this study 25% of the potential patients declined participation...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
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