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Histrionic personality disorder

Hongying Fan, Qisha Zhu, Guorong Ma, Chanchan Shen, Bingren Zhang, Wei Wang
BACKGROUND: Cultural and personality factors might contribute to the clinical differences of psychiatric patients all over the world including China. One cultural oriented Chinese Adjective Descriptors of Personality (CADP) designed to measure normal personality traits, might be specifically associated with different personality disorder functioning styles. METHODS: We therefore have invited 201 healthy volunteers and 67 personality disorder patients to undergo CADP, the Parker Personality Measure (PERM), and the Plutchik-van Praag Depression Inventory (PVP) tests...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
Lorenzo Pelizza, Simona Pupo
The term "brittle" is used to describe an uncommon subgroup of patients with type I diabetes whose lives are disrupted by severe glycaemic instability with repeated and prolonged hospitalization. Psychosocial problems are the major perceived underlying causes of brittle diabetes. Aim of this study is a systematic psychopathological and personological assessment of patients with brittle diabetes in comparison with subjects without brittle diabetes, using specific parameters of general psychopathology and personality disorders following the multi-axial format of the current DSM-IV-TR (Diagnostic and Statistical manual of Mental Disorders - IV Edition - Text Revised) diagnostic criteria for mental disorders...
November 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
YanYan Wei, TianHong Zhang, Annabelle Chow, YingYing Tang, LiHua Xu, YunFei Dai, XiaoHua Liu, Tong Su, Xiao Pan, Yi Cui, ZiQiang Li, KaiDa Jiang, ZePing Xiao, YunXiang Tang, JiJun Wang
BACKGROUND: The reported rates of personality disorder (PD) in subjects with schizophrenia (SZ) are quite varied across different countries, and less is known about the heterogeneity of PD among subjects with SZ. We examined the co-morbidity of PD among patients who are in the stable phase of SZ. METHOD: 850 subjects were randomly sampled from patients diagnosed with SZ in psychiatric and psycho-counseling clinics at Shanghai Mental Health Center. Co-morbidity of PDs was assessed through preliminary screening and patients were administered several modules of the SCID-II...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
Mitra Hakim Shooshtari, Seyyed Kazem Malakouti, Leili Panaghi, Shohreh Mohseni, Naghmeh Mansouri, Afarin Rahimi Movaghar
CONTEXT: Suicide prevention is a health service priority. Some surveys have assessed suicidal behaviors and potential risk factors. OBJECTIVES: The current paper aimed to gather information about etiology of suicide attempts in Iran. DATA SOURCES: Pubmed, ISI web of science, PsychInfo, IranPsych, IranMedex, IranDoc as well as gray literature were searched. STUDY SELECTION: By electronic and gray literature search, 128 articles were enrolled in this paper...
March 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Shae E Quirk, Michael Berk, Julie A Pasco, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, Andrew M Chanen, Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen, Lisa M Burke, Henry J Jackson, Carol Hulbert, Craig A Olsson, Paul Moran, Amanda L Stuart, Lana J Williams
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to describe the prevalence and age distribution of personality disorders and their comorbidity with other psychiatric disorders in an age-stratified sample of Australian women aged ⩾25 years. METHODS: Individual personality disorders (paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal, histrionic, narcissistic, borderline, antisocial, avoidant, dependent, obsessive-compulsive), lifetime mood, anxiety, eating and substance misuse disorders were diagnosed utilising validated semi-structured clinical interviews (Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR Axis I Disorders, Research Version, Non-patient Edition and Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Personality Disorders)...
May 30, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Younes Aatti, Raymund Schwan, Louis Maillard, Aileen McGonigal, Jean-Arthur Micoulaud-Franchi, Bertrand de Toffol, Wissam El-Hage, Coraline Hingray
OBJECTIVE: The principal aim of the study was two-fold: to determine French psychiatrists' level of general knowledge of psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) and to evaluate their perceptions of this condition in a standardized way. The secondary aim was to describe the relationship between level of education and knowledge of PNES and level of experience of case management and perceptions of PNES. METHODS: In this study, psychiatrists were invited by email to answer an online survey...
July 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Roger T Mulder, John Horwood, Peter Tyrer, Janet Carter, Peter R Joyce
AIM: The ICD-11 Personality Disorders Committee has proposed five personality domains: Detached, Anankastic, Negative Affective, Dissocial and Disinhibited. We attempted to validate these proposed domains in a large sample of patients with major depression. METHODS: Participants from five treatment studies received a SCID assessment interview to assess DSM-5 personality disorder symptoms. Personality disorder symptoms were assigned to the five proposed domains. Confirmatory factor analysis in an exploratory framework was used to test the hypothesized domain structure...
May 2016: Personality and Mental Health
Nina A Cooperman, Shou-En Lu, Kimber P Richter, Steven L Bernstein, Jill M Williams
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate how psychiatric and personality disorders influence smoking cessation goals and attempts among people with opiate dependence who smoke. This information could aid the development of more effective cessation interventions for these individuals. METHODS: Participants (N = 116) were recruited from two methadone clinics, completed the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III, and were asked about their smoking behavior and quitting goals...
April 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
Joseph E Beeney, Aidan G C Wright, Stephanie D Stepp, Michael N Hallquist, Sophie A Lazarus, Julie R S Beeney, Lori N Scott, Paul A Pilkonis
Though researchers have attended to disorganized attachment in infants and children, they have infrequently focused on the character of disorganized attachment in adults. In this study, we aimed to identify clusters of participants based on attachment levels and styles, seeking to better delineate severity and stylistic differences in disorganized attachment than has been previously articulated. We used a new assessment approach focused on a hierarchy of attachment organization, including secure, insecure (dismissive and preoccupied), rigid-controlling (hostile control and compulsive caregiving), and disorganized (contradictory, impoverished, and unresolved) levels of attachment...
March 17, 2016: Personality Disorders
I Muñoz, M S Hernández, S Santos, C Jurado, L Ruiz, E Toribio, E M Sotelo, A L Guerrero, V Molina, F Uribe, M L Cuadrado
BACKGROUND: Cluster headache (CH) has been associated with certain personality traits and lifestyle features, but there are few studies assessing personality profiles in CH. We aimed to analyze personality traits in patients with CH, and to compare them with those found in migraine. METHODS: We included all consecutive patients with CH attending 5 outpatient offices between January and December 2013. Personality traits were evaluated using the Salamanca screening test, a validated inventory assessing 11 personality traits grouped in 3 clusters...
2016: Journal of Headache and Pain
Daria Piacentino, Massimo Pasquini, Lorenzo Tarsitani, Isabella Berardelli, Valentina Roselli, Annalisa Maraone, Massimo Biondi
BACKGROUND: Despite the theoretical and clinical relevance of psychopathological dimensions in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), no studies to date have investigated their possible association with obsession subtypes. Thus, we aimed to examine whether, in OCD patients, anger and other psychopathological dimensions are associated with specific obsession subtypes. METHODS: We consecutively recruited 57 first-visit OCD patients (66.7% female, mean age 34 years) at our Psychiatric Outpatient Clinic...
2016: Psychopathology
Fatih Kayhan, Adem Küçük, Yılmaz Satan, Erdem İlgün, Şevket Arslan, Faik İlik
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the current prevalence of sexual dysfunction (SD), mood, anxiety, and personality disorders in female patients with fibromyalgia (FM). METHODS: This case-control study involved 96 patients with FM and 94 healthy women. The SD diagnosis was based on a psychiatric interview in accordance with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition criteria. Mood and anxiety disorders were diagnosed using the Structured Clinical Interview...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Cristina Crego, Chelsea E Sleep, Thomas A Widiger
Proposed for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5) was a five-domain, 25-dimensional trait model that would have constituted a significant part of the diagnostic criteria for each personality disorder. A primary concern with respect to the proposal was that clinicians might find such an approach to be unacceptable. This study provides results from three independent data collections that compared clinicians' clinical utility ratings for each iteration of the DSM-5 dimensional trait assignments, along with an alternative list of traits derived from the Five Factor Form (FFF)...
January 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Filipa Novais, Andreia Araújo, Paula Godinho
Histrionic Personality Disorder is one of the most ambiguous diagnostic categories in psychiatry. Hysteria is a classical term that includes a wide variety of psychopathological states. Ancient Egyptians and Greeks blamed a displaced womb, for many women's afflictions. Several researchers from the 18th and 19th centuries studied this theme, namely, Charcot who defined hysteria as a "neurosis" with an organic basis and Sigmund Freud who redefined "neurosis" as a re-experience of past psychological trauma. Histrionic personality disorder (HPD) made its first official appearance in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders II (DSM-II) and since the DSM-III, HPD is the only disorder that kept the term derived from the old concept of hysteria...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
Doris E Payer, Min Tae M Park, Stephen J Kish, Nathan J Kolla, Jason P Lerch, Isabelle Boileau, M M Chakravarty
Personality disorder symptomatology (PD-Sx) can result in personal distress and impaired interpersonal functioning, even in the absence of a clinical diagnosis, and is frequently comorbid with psychiatric disorders such as substance use, mood, and anxiety disorders; however, they often remain untreated, and are not taken into account in clinical studies. To investigate brain morphological correlates of PD-Sx, we measured subcortical volume and shape, and cortical thickness/surface area, based on structural magnetic resonance images...
2015: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Simasadat Noorbakhsh, Zahra Zeinodini, Zeynab Khanjani, Hamid Poorsharifi, Sepideh Rajezi Esfahani
BACKGROUND: Individuals with certain personality disorders, especially the antisocial and borderline personality disorders, are more prone to substance use disorders. OBJECTIVES: Regarding the importance of substance use disorders, this study aimed to explore the association between personality disorders and types of used drugs (narcotics and stimulants) in Iranian male substance users. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The current study was a correlation study...
June 2015: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Leo Sher, Larry J Siever, Marianne Goodman, Margaret McNamara, Erin A Hazlett, Harold W Koenigsberg, Antonia S New
Gender is an important variable in the study of mental health because of the actual and perceived differences between men and women. Relatively little is known how males and females differ in their manifestations of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD). Demographic and clinical features of 323 participants with ASPD were assessed and recorded. Women had fewer episodes of antisocial behavior involving or not involving police, higher scores on the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and on Emotional Abuse and Sexual Abuse subscales of the CTQ compared to men...
October 30, 2015: Psychiatry Research
Howard B Moss, Risë B Goldstein, Chiung M Chen, Hsiao-Ye Yi
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol dependence (AD) presents with substantial clinical heterogeneity, including concurrent use of non-alcohol drugs. Here, we examine specific patterns of concurrent non-alcohol substance use during the previous year among a nationally representative sample of adults with DSM-IV AD, and estimate their population prevalence in the U.S. We then evaluate alcohol use behavior and comorbid psychopathology among respondents with AD according to their patterns of concurrent non-alcohol substance use...
November 2015: Addictive Behaviors
Morounke O Trillini, Kirsten R Müller-Vahl
Only little is known about pathological personality traits in patients with Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS). The aim of this study was to further investigate the prevalence of personality traits in adults with GTS. We used a variety of rating scales to assess not only personality traits, but also severity of tics, quality of life, and comorbidities (obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), depression), in a large group (n=50) of patients. Our major finding was that pathological personality traits are very common in patients with GTS encompassing a wide range of different personality traits, but most typically personality traits related to cluster C...
August 30, 2015: Psychiatry Research
L Holterbach, C Baumann, B Andreani, D Desré, Y Auxéméry
BACKGROUND: The psychotraumatic disorders are often difficult to diagnose because the specific symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (revival, hyperarousal, avoidance) are rarely a direct demand for health care: for reasons determined by the psychopathological structure of trauma, its symptomatology and course, the psychotraumatised subjects seek a care system for nonspecific psychological or somatoform symptoms: depressive episode, cognitive disorders, other anxiety disorders, histrionic and obsessive symptoms, changes in personality, pain disorders and somatization...
October 2015: L'Encéphale
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