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Mohamed L Ashour, Fadia S Youssef, Haidy A Gad, Michael Wink
BACKGROUND: Herbal medicine is widely used all over the world for treating various health disorders. It is employed either alone or in combination with synthetic drugs or plants to be more effective. OBJECTIVE: The assessment of the effect of both water and methanol extracts of 57 widely used plants from Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) against the main phase I metabolizing enzyme CYP3A4 in vitro for the first time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The inhibition of cytochrome P450 activity was evaluated using a luminescence assay...
April 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Thi Tho Bui, Chun Hua Piao, Chang Ho Song, Hee Soon Shin, Ok Hee Chai
Bupleurum chinense belongs to the Bupleurum spp. family that has been used in traditional herbal medicine for over thousand years. It has been reported to have anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, hepato-protective, antipyretic, analgesic, anti-fibrotic and immunomodulatory effect. However, the effect of B. Chinense on allergic asthma remains unclear. This study investigated the immunomodulatory effects of B. Chinense extracts (BCE) on airway inflammation in asthmatic mice model. In the ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic asthma model, we evaluated the number of total cells, differential inflammatory cells and the production of proinflammatory cytokines in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and lung homogenate as well as histological structure...
May 16, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Amel Achouri, Séverine Derbré, Kamel Medjroubi, Hocine Laouer, Denis Séraphin, Salah Akkal
Chemical investigation of the leaves of Bupleurum lancifolium led to the isolation and identification of two triterpenoid saponins previously undescribed named 3-O-[α-L-rhamnopyranosyl (1 → 4)-β-D-glucopyranosyl] echinocystic acid 28-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl ester (1) and 3-O-[α-L-rhamnopyranosyl (1 → 4)-β-D-glucopyranosyl] oleanolic acid 28-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl ester (2) along with the two known compounds isorhamnetin 3-rutinoside (3) and rutin (4). Their structures were elucidated by different spectroscopic methods, including HRESIMS analysis as well as 1D and 2D NMR experiments...
May 5, 2017: Natural Product Research
Zhi-Gang Mei, Ling-Jing Tan, Jin-Feng Wang, Xiao-Li Li, Wei-Feng Huang, Hua-Jun Zhou
The fermented Chinese formula Shuan-Tong-Ling is composed of radix puerariae (Gegen), salvia miltiorrhiza (Danshen), radix curcuma (Jianghuang), hawthorn (Shanzha), salvia chinensis (Shijianchuan), sinapis alba (Baijiezi), astragalus (Huangqi), panax japonicas (Zhujieshen), atractylodes macrocephala koidz (Baizhu), radix paeoniae alba (Baishao), bupleurum (Chaihu), chrysanthemum (Juhua), rhizoma cyperi (Xiangfu) and gastrodin (Tianma), whose aqueous extract was fermented with lactobacillus, bacillus aceticus and saccharomycetes...
March 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
Rui Li, Wingman Chan, Waikin Mat, Yiucheong Ho, Rigil K Yeung, Shuiying Tsang, Hong Xue
The objective of the present study was to search for medicinal-herb combinations based on Radix Bupleurum chinense DC ("B"), Rhizoma Corydalis yanhusuo WT Wang ("Y"), Caulis Polygonum multiflorum Thunb ("P"), and Flos Albizia julibrissin Durazz ("A") for antiaging, anxiolytic, and sedative effects. Application of the D-galactose induced accelerated-aging model employing male ICR mice showed that oral administration of some combinations of B, Y, P, and A significantly improved spatial memory in Y-maze test and reduced brain levels of tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 based on immunoassays and oxidative stress marker malondialdehyde, based on the thiobarbituric acid test, and the loss of whiskers, indicating antiaging and antineurodegeneration effects...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Gokhan Zengin, Gizem Bulut, Adriano Mollica, Mehmet Zeki Haznedaroglu, Ahmet Dogan, Abdurrahman Aktumsek
This study presents the effects of the Achillea phrygia Boiss. et Bal. and Bupleurum croceum Fenzl. extracts obtained by different solvents (ethyl acetate, methanol and water) on selected enzyme inhibitory effects and antioxidant ability with screening bioactive compounds. Total and individual bioactive compounds were detected by spectrophotometric and HPLC-DAD techniques. Antioxidant abilities were evaluated by different methods including free radical scavenging (ABTS and DPPH), reducing power (CUPRAC and FRAP), phosphomolybdenum and metal chelating...
March 22, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Wei Fang, Yin-Jun Yang, Bao-Lin Guo, Shan Cen
This study to investigate antiviral components from the roots of Bupleurum marginatum var. stenophyllum led to the isolation of five novel saikosaponins, namely 6″-O-crotonyl-saikosaponin a (1), tibesaikosaponin I (2), tibesaikosaponin II (3), tibesaikosaponin III (4), tibesaikosaponin IV (5), along with 9 known analogues (6-14). Their structures were established by spectral data analyses (IR, MS, 1D and 2D NMR) and by comparison of spectral data with those of the related known compounds. Antiviral testing of all compounds against influenza A virus A/WSN/33 (H1N1) in 293TGluc cells showed that nepasaikosaponin k (12), saikosaponin n (13) and saikosaponin h (14) behaved more potent inhibitory activity and selectivity than the positive control, Ribavirin...
March 7, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Sun Jichao, Han Xinmin, Ren Xianguo, Yin Dongqi, Zhou Rongyi, Lei Shuang, You Yue, Song Yuchen, Ying Jingnan
The disturbed dopamine availability and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression are due in part to be associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In this study, we investigated the therapeutical effect of saikosaponin a (SSa) isolated from Bupleurum Chinese DC, against spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) model of ADHD. Methylphenidate and SSa were orally administered for 3 weeks. Activity was assessed by open-field test and Morris water maze test. Dopamine (DA) and BDNF were determined in specific brain regions...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Yu-Sheng Wu, Meng-Chou Lee, Cheng-Ting Huang, Tzu-Chi Kung, Chih-Yang Huang, Fan-Hua Nan
This study is investigating the effect of minor bupleurum decoction (Xiao-Chai-Hu decoction) on the non-specific immune response of white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). To determine prophenoloxidase activity (proPO), reactive oxygen species production (ROS), superoxide anion production (O2(-)), nitric oxide production (NO), phagocytic rate (PR), phagocytic index (PI), superoxide dismutase activity (SOD), total haemocyte count (THC) and differential haemocyte count (DHC). In this experiment, treating with different dosages (0, 0...
May 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Meiyu Lin, Weidong Zhang, Juan Su
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 7, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Irene Lorrai, Paola Maccioni, Mauro A M Carai, Alessandro Capra, M Paola Castelli, Antonella Riva, Paolo Morazzoni, Gian Luigi Gessa, Giancarlo Colombo
Recent lines of experimental evidence have indicated that saikosaponin A (SSA) - a bioactive ingredient of the medicinal plant, Bupleurum falcatum L. - suppressed alcohol, morphine, and cocaine self-administration in rats. The present paper was designed to assess whether the protective properties of SSA on addiction-related behaviors generalize to a hyperpalatable food such as a chocolate-flavored beverage (CFB). To this end, rats were initially trained to lever-respond for CFB [5% (w/v) Nesquik(®) powder in water] under fixed ratio (FR) 10 (FR10) schedule of reinforcement...
December 19, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
T Konno, K Ninomiya, M Yoshikawa, H Matsuda, T Morikawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
Bochuan Yuan, Rui Yang, Yongsheng Ma, Shan Zhou, Xiaodong Zhang, Ying Liu
CONTEXT: Radix Bupleuri has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for over 2000 years with functions of relieving exterior syndrome, clearing heat, regulating liver-qi, and lifting yang-qi. More natural active compounds, especially saikosaponins, have been isolated from Radix Bupleuri, which possess various valuable pharmacological activities. OBJECTIVE: To summarize the current knowledge on pharmacological activities, mechanisms and applications of extracts and saikosaponins isolated from Radix Bupleuri, and obtain new insights for further research and development of Radix Bupleuri...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
Xiangfu Song, Ting Ren, Zhou Zheng, Tiancheng Lu, Zhicheng Wang, Fengguo Du, Haibin Tong
Bupleurum chinense is a well-known traditional Chinese medicine. Polysaccharides extracted from medical plants possess multiple healthy benefits. In the present study, an alkali-extracted polysaccharide (BCAP-1) was isolated from Bupleurum chinense, and evaluated its physicochemical features, anti-tumor activities and immunomodulatory effects. BCAP-1 was obtained by alkali-extraction, ethanol precipitation, and fractionation by DEAE-cellulose and Sepharose CL-6B columns. BCAP-1 markedly inhibited Sarcoma 180tumor growth in tumor-bearing mice, and increased the secretion of TNF-α in serum...
February 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Haibin Tong, Guiquan Jiang, Dake Qi, Jingfeng Bi, Dan Tian, Xingang Guan, Sheng Zheng, Xin Sun
Adhesive interaction contributes toward tumor metastasis and the transmembrane glycoprotein receptor, integrin has been recognized to mediate the adhesion to extracellular matrix thus upregulating tumor metastasis. In the current study, we evaluated the anti-adhesive mechanisms of a water-soluble polysaccharide (BCP) extracted from Bupleurum chinense. BCP inhibited integrin-mediated adhesion of human melanoma A375 cells to fibronectin but had no effects on nonspecific adhesion to poly-l-lysine. BCP also reduced β1 integrin ligand affinity for GST-FNIII9-10 proteins...
January 20, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Yeomoon Sim, Gunhyuk Park, Hyeyoon Eo, Eugene Huh, Pil Sung Gu, Seon-Pyo Hong, Youngmi Kim Pak, Myung Sook Oh
Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the progressive neurodegenerative diseases of whose condition is characterized by dopaminergic neuronal cell loss and dysfunction in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) and the striatum. Recent studies have demonstrated that the nuclear receptor-related 1 protein (Nurr1) is critical of dopaminergic phenotype induction in mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons. Further, Nurr1 engages in synthesizing and storing dopamine through regulating levels of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), dopamine transporter (DAT) and vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2)...
January 6, 2017: Neuroscience
Meiyu Lin, Weidong Zhang, Juan Su
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Bupleurum includes approximately 200 species that are widely distributed in the Northern Hemisphere, Eurasia and North Africa. Certain species of this genus have long been used as antiphlogistic, antipyretic and analgesic agents in traditional folk medicine. As described in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, the roots of Bupleurum chinense DC. and B. scorzonerifolium Willd. are the herbal materials that compose Chaihu (Radix Bupleuri), a well-known TCM herb...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Dan-Qi Li, Di Wang, Le Zhou, Ling-Zhi Li, Qing-Bo Liu, Ying-Ying Wu, Jing-Yu Yang, Shao-Jiang Song, Chun-Fu Wu
In the search for biologically active compounds from the roots of Bupleurum chinense D C., phytochemical investigation of its ethanol extract led to the isolation and identification of a new 8-O-4' neolignan glucoside, saikolignanoside A (1), along with eight known lignans (2-9). Their structures were determined on the basis of IR, UV, HRESIMS, and NMR spectroscopic analyses. The antioxidant and cytotoxic effects of isolated compounds were evaluated in vitro. The isolated compounds (IC50 > 200 μM) did not display 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity...
May 2017: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Ya Zhao, Yin-Jie Wang, Rui-Zhi Zhao, Fei-Jun Xiang
BACKGROUND: Bupleuri Radix (in Chinese Chaihu), the dried roots of Bupleurum Chinense DC, is a traditional Chinese medicine widely used to treat fever, hepatitis, jaundice, nephritis, dizziness. When baked with vinegar, its effect is more focused on liver related disease. This paper was undertaken to determine the best vinegar amount in the processing and explore its key efficacy components. METHODS: Hepatoprotective effects of Radix Bupleuri after processing with different amount of vinegar (1:5, 2:5, 3:5) were investigated on liver hurt rats, and the change of constituents were analyzed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS)...
September 6, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Ming-Feng Chen, S Joseph Huang, Chao-Cheng Huang, Pei-Shan Liu, Kun-I Lin, Ching-Wen Liu, Wen-Chuan Hsieh, Li-Yen Shiu, Chang-Han Chen
BACKGROUND: Saikosaponin d (SSd) is one of the main active triterpene saponins in Bupleurum falcatum. It has a steroid-like structure, and is reported to have pharmacological activities, including liver protection in rat, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis induction in several cancer cell lines. However, the biological functions and molecular mechanisms of mammalian cells under SSd treatment are still unclear. METHODS: The cytotoxicity and apoptosis of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) upon SSd treatment were discovered by MTT assay, colony formation assay and flow cytometry...
2016: BMC Cancer
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