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Radiofrequency lesioning

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792146/use-of-bipolar-radiofrequency-catheter-ablation-in-treatment-of-cardiac-arrhythmias
#1
Filip Soucek, Zdenek Starek
Background Arrhythmia management is a complex process involving both pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches. Radiofrequency ablation is the pillar of non-pharmacological arrhythmia treatment. Unipolar ablation is considered to be the gold standard in the treatment of the majority of arrhythmias; however, its efficacy is limited to specific cases. In particular, the creation of deep or transmural lesions to eliminate intramurally originating arrhythmias remains inadequate. Bipolar ablation is proposed as an alternative to overcome unipolar ablation boundaries...
May 23, 2018: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790488/monitoring-after-radiofrequency-ablation-of-liver-tumors-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-ceus-vs-contrast-enhanced-computer-tomography-cect-two-days-after-procedure
#2
Eva Korcakova, Hynek Mirka, Vaclav Liska, Petr Hosek, Kristyna Bajcurova
AIM: Our research evaluated the ability of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and contrast enhanced computer tomography (CECT), performed 48 h after radiofrequency ablation (RFA), to detect residual tumor tissue. As recently published studies have evaluated periprocedural CEUS performed within 24 h after procedure and their results were not satisfactory, it seems that postponing the control test by one day could increase the sensitivity of both methods. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated 33 patients with 37 lesions, who met the criteria for our study...
May 23, 2018: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782256/-radiofrequency-pulmonary-artery-ablation-for-treatment-of-residual-pulmonary-hypertension-after-pulmonary-endarterectomy
#3
A M CHernyavskiy, A G Edemskiy, N V Novikova, A B Romanov, S N Artemenko, B A Rudenko, A R Tarkova
OBJECTIVE: to assess the safety and efficiency of radiofrequency pulmonary artery ablation for treatment of residual pulmonary hypertension after pulmonary endarterectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Radiofrequency pulmonary artery denervation (PADN) was performed in 16 patients (10 men, mean age 39 years [26; 51]). Indication for PADN was mean pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) >25 mm Hg with absence of proximal pulmonary artery lesion according to computer tomography...
April 2018: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777897/robot-assisted-radiofrequency-ablation-of-a-sacral-s1-s2-aggressive-hemangioma
#4
A Kaoudi, C Capel, L Chenin, J Peltier, M Lefranc
Aggressive vertebral hemangiomas are rare tumors of the spine. The treatment management strategy usually consists of vertebroplasty, radiation therapy or in rare cases of surgical strategy. We present a case of a bulging sacral S1-S2 hemangioma in the spinal canal that could not be managed in the usual manner. Here, we demonstrate the usefulness of radiofrequency ablation technique as an alternative treatment as well as robotic assistance for optimal placement of the ablation probe within the lesion.
May 16, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777548/higher-contact-force-during-radiofrequency-ablation-leads-to-a-much-larger-increase-in-edema-as-compared-to-chronic-lesion-size
#5
Samuel Thomas, Josh Silvernagel, Nathan Angel, Eugene Kholmovski, Elyar Ghafoori, Nan Hu, John Ashton, Derek J Dosdall, Rob MacLeod, Ravi Ranjan
INTRODUCTION: Reversible edema is a part of any radiofrequency ablation but its relationship with contact force is unknown. The goal of this study was to characterize through histology and MRI, acute and chronic ablation lesions and reversible edema with contact force. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a canine model (n = 14), chronic ventricular lesions were created with a 3.5 mm tip ThermoCool SmartTouch (Biosense Webster) catheter at 25W or 40W for 30 sec. Repeat ablation was performed after 3 months to create a second set of lesions (acute)...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773567/balanced-steady-state-free-precession-sequence-ciss-fiesta-3d-driven-equilibrium-radiofrequency-reset-pulse-increases-the-diagnostic-yield-for-spinal-drop-metastases-in-children-with-brain-tumors
#6
K Buch, P Caruso, D Ebb, S Rincon
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Identification of spinal drop metastases is important in the staging and management of pediatric patients with primary brain tumors. Our aim was to assess the diagnostic utility of the balanced steady-state free precession (bSSFP) sequence (CISS/FIESTA/3D driven equilibrium radiofrequency reset pulse) for the detection of spinal drop metastases in pediatric patients with primary intracranial tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 44 pediatric patients with primary intracranial tumors undergoing MR imaging spine evaluation for drop metastases before radiation treatment...
May 17, 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770769/ct-fluoroscopy-guided-percutaneous-osteoplasty-with-or-without-radiofrequency-ablation-in-the-treatment-of-painful-extraspinal-and-spinal-bone-metastases-technical-outcome-and-complications-in-29-patients
#7
Caroline A Burgard, Julien Dinkel, Frederik Strobl, Philipp M Paprottka, Nicolai Schramm, Maximilian Reiser, Christoph G Trumm
PURPOSE: We aimed to assess the safety and technical outcome of computed tomography (CT) fluoroscopy-guided osteoplasty with or without prior percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in patients with painful osteolyses. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 29 patients with painful extraspinal and spinal osteolyses (16 women, 13 men; 63.1±14.4 years) who underwent CT fluoroscopy-guided osteoplasty (10-20 mAs tube current) with or without RFA (26 and 14 lesions, respectively), in 33 consecutive procedures from 2002 to 2016...
May 2018: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770302/percutaneous-microwave-thermosphere-ablation-of-pancreatic-tumours
#8
Anna Maria Ierardi, Pierpaolo Biondetti, Andrea Coppola, Enrico Maria Fumarola, Alberto Magenta Biasina, Salvatore Alessio Angileri, Gianpaolo Carrafiello
Background: In oncologic field, thermo-ablative procedures have spread more and more. Percutaneous microwave ablation (MWA) showed same benefits and some advantages over radiofrequency ablation (RFA). To date, a disadvantage of both was the not totally predictable size and shape of ablation volume. The aim of this study was to assess feasibility and safety of MWA in nonresectable pancreatic head cancer using a new technology of MW with high power (100 W) and frequency of 2,450 MH. Methods: Five patients with pancreatic head cancer treated with percutaneous MWA under ultrasound guidance were retrospectively reviewed...
April 2018: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765790/direct-posterior-bipolar-cervical-facet-radiofrequency-rhizotomy-a-simpler-and-safer-approach-to-denervate-the-facet-capsule
#9
Ovidiu Palea, Haroon M Andar, Ramon Lugo, Michelle Granville, Robert E Jacobson
Radiofrequency cervical rhizotomy has been shown to be effective for the relief of chronic neck pain, whether it be due to soft tissue injury, cervical spondylosis, or post-cervical spine surgery. The target and technique have traditionally been taught using an oblique approach to the anterior lateral capsule of the cervical facet joint. The goal is to position the electrode at the proximal location of the recurrent branch after it leaves the exiting nerve root and loops back to the cervical facet joint. The standard oblique approach to the recurrent nerve requires the testing of both motor and sensory components to verify the correct position and ensure safety so as to not damage the slightly more anterior nerve root...
March 14, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760980/optimization-of-wavelength-selection-for-multispectral-image-acquisition-a-case-study-of-atrial-ablation-lesions
#10
Huda Asfour, Shuyue Guan, Narine Muselimyan, Luther Swift, Murray Loew, Narine Sarvazyan
In vivo autofluorescence hyperspectral imaging of moving objects can be challenging due to motion artifacts and to the limited amount of acquired photons. To address both limitations, we selectively reduced the number of spectral bands while maintaining accurate target identification. Several downsampling approaches were applied to data obtained from the atrial tissue of adult pigs with sites of radiofrequency ablation lesions. Standard image qualifiers such as the mean square error, the peak signal-to-noise ratio, the structural similarity index map, and an accuracy index of lesion component images were used to quantify the effects of spectral binning, an increased spectral distance between individual bands, as well as random combinations of spectral bands...
May 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759708/intra-atrial-right-coronary-artery-and-its-ablation-implications
#11
Balaji Krishnan, Caroline Cross, Richard Dykoski, David G Benditt, Mackenzie Mbai, Edward McFalls, Jian-Ming Li, Stefan Bertog, Venkatakrishna N Tholakanahalli
OBJECTIVES: The study examined the frequency in which a right coronary artery (RCA) anomaly resulting in intra-atrialization of the vessel might increase risk of RCA damage during routine radiofrequency ablation in the right atrium even with low power or temperature. BACKGROUND: Right coronary artery (RCA) injury with endocardial RF ablation of the right atrium is a rare complication. METHODS: This prospective observational study comprised an analysis of coronary artery anatomies in 331 patients who underwent autopsies at our institution from 2005 to 2014...
September 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759495/in-vitro-validation-of-the-lesion-size-index-to-predict-lesion-width-and-depth-after-irrigated-radiofrequency-ablation-in-a-porcine-model
#12
Vittorio Calzolari, Luca De Mattia, Stefano Indiani, Martino Crosato, Alberto Furlanetto, Claudia Licciardello, Paolo Antonio Maria Squasi, Zoran Olivari
OBJECTIVES: In an in vitro model, the authors tested the hypotheses that: 1) lesion dimensions correlate with lesion size index (LSI); and 2) LSI could predict lesion dimensions better than power, contact force (CF), and force-time integral (FTI). BACKGROUND: When performing radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation for cardiac arrhythmias, reliable predictors of lesion quality are lacking. The LSI is a multiparametric index incorporating time, power, CF, and impedance recorded during ablation...
October 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759493/can-we-produce-deeper-radiofrequency-lesions
#13
EDITORIAL
Hiroshi Nakagawa, Fred H M Wittkampf, Warren M Jackman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759492/radiofrequency-ablation-using-an-open-irrigated-electrode-cooled-with-half-normal-saline
#14
Duy T Nguyen, Edward P Gerstenfeld, Wendy S Tzou, Paul T Jurgens, Lijun Zheng, Joseph Schuller, Matthew Zipse, William H Sauer
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the use of half-normal saline (HNS) as the radiofrequency ablation (RFA) cooling irrigant. BACKGROUND: Some instances of ventricular arrhythmia may originate deep within myocardium and can be refractory to standard ablation using open irrigated RFA. Recent data suggest that deeper ablation lesions can be created by decreasing the irrigant ionic concentration delivered through open irrigated RFA than by using normal saline (NS). METHODS: Bovine myocardium was placed in a circulating saline bath...
October 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759491/chamber-specific-radiofrequency-lesion-dimension-estimation-using-novel-catheter-based-tissue-interface-temperature-sensing-a-preclinical-assessment
#15
Jacob S Koruth, Jin Iwasawa, Yoshinari Enomoto, Meir Bar-Tal, Yigal Ultchin, Alona Sigal, Liron Mizrahi, Abraham Berger, Ori Hazan, Srinivas R Dukkipati, Vivek Y Reddy
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare a novel lesion dimension estimation approach to actual measurements of lesion dimensions on necropsy in porcine atria and ventricles. BACKGROUND: An irrigated-tip, force-sensing radiofrequency catheter with 6 temperature (tip-tissue interface) sensors allows for assessment of lesion dimensions based on estimated tissue temperature. Lesion dimension assessment has not been attempted previously in atrial tissue. METHODS: Ablations were performed using this catheter in all chambers...
October 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759490/cooking-a-quality-radiofrequency-ablation-lesion-how-difficult-can-that-be
#16
EDITORIAL
Dhiraj Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740700/the-best-of-two-worlds-pulmonary-vein-isolation-using-a-novel-radiofrequency-ablation-catheter-incorporating-contact-force-sensing-technology-and-56-hole-porous-tip-irrigation
#17
Tilman Maurer, Laura Rottner, Hisaki Makimoto, Bruno Reissmann, Christian-H Heeger, Christine Lemes, Thomas Fink, Johannes Riedl, Francesco Santoro, Peter Wohlmuth, Marius Volkmer, Shibu Mathew, Andreas Metzner, Feifan Ouyang, Karl-Heinz Kuck, Christian Sohns
AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate feasibility and safety as well as 1-year clinical outcome of pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) using a unique radiofrequency ablation catheter ("Thermocool SmartTouch SurroundFlow"; STSF) incorporating both, contact force (CF) sensing technology and enhanced tip irrigation with 56 holes, in one device. METHODS: A total of 110 patients suffering from drug-refractory atrial fibrillation underwent wide area circumferential PVI using either the STSF ablation catheter (75 consecutive patients, study group) or a CF catheter with conventional tip irrigation ("Thermocool SmartTouch", 35 consecutive patients, control group)...
May 8, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737030/transcatheter-electrosurgery-in-bipolar-or-monopolar-modes
#18
EDITORIAL
Jaffar M Khan, Robert J Lederman
Transcatheter electrosurgery has emerging value in a range of other new procedures that require traversing tissue (transcaval access, transcatheter Glenn Shunt) or slicing tissue (LAMPOON slicing of the mitral valve and BASILICA slicing of the aortic valve). This is the first report of bipolar radiofrequency wires used to cross lesions in humans, reported here in seven re-entry CTO cases. The bipolar configuration may provide directionality to charge without need for wire alignment and advancement, but is theoretically disadvantageous for tissue "cutting" because of problems with charge concentration...
May 1, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736557/the-seamless-integration-of-three-dimensional-rotational-angiography-images-into-electroanatomical-mapping-systems-to-guide-catheter-ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation
#19
Satoshi Fujita, Eitaro Fujii, Yoshihiko Kagawa, Katsuhiro Inoue, Tsuyoshi Yamada, Masaaki Ito
It is important to visually confirm radiofrequency ablation lesions during atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation for procedural efficiency, which requires the integration of a three-dimensional (3D) left atrial image reconstructed from computed tomography (CT) or a magnetic resonance imaging. However, an EP Navigator allows seamless integration of 3D anatomy obtained through 3D rotational angiography (3D-ATG) into an electroanatomical mapping system. We hypothesized that 3D-ATG can be used during AF ablation while significantly reducing the effective dose (ED) and without compromising image morphology compared to a 3D-CT image...
May 7, 2018: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727904/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-radiofrequency-ablation-for-management-of-benign-solid-pancreatic-tumors
#20
Jun-Ho Choi, Dong-Wan Seo, Tae Jun Song, Do Hyun Park, Sang Soo Lee, Sung Koo Lee, Myung-Hwan Kim
BACKGROUND:  Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has been increasingly employed in experimental and clinical settings for the management of pancreatic lesions. This study aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided RFA for benign solid pancreatic tumors. METHODS:  In a single-center, prospective study, 10 patients with benign solid pancreatic tumors underwent EUS-RFA. After the RFA electrode had been inserted into the pancreatic mass, the radiofrequency generator was activated to deliver 50 W of ablation power...
May 4, 2018: Endoscopy
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