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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534472/evidence-for-robots
#1
Ravikiran Shenoy, Dinesh Nathwani
Robots have been successfully used in commercial industry and have enabled humans to perform tasks which are repetitive, dangerous and requiring extreme force. Their role has evolved and now includes many aspects of surgery to improve safety and precision. Orthopaedic surgery is largely performed on bones which are rigid immobile structures which can easily be performed by robots with great precision. Robots have been designed for use in orthopaedic surgery including joint arthroplasty and spine surgery. Experimental studies have been published evaluating the role of robots in arthroscopy and trauma surgery...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534332/-efficacy-comparison-of-robotic-and-laparoscopic-radical-surgery-in-the-treatment-of-middle-low-rectal-cancer
#2
Hairong Zhang, Weitang Yuan, Quanbo Zhou, Xiaoming Gu, Fuqi Wang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical efficacy of robotic and laparoscopic radical surgery in the treatment of middle-low rectal cancers. METHODS: From January 2015 to March 2016, intra-operative and postoperative follow-up data of 30 patients with middle-low rectal cancers who underwent robotic radical resection(robot group) and 32 patients with middle-low rectal cancers who underwent laparoscopic radical resection (laparoscopy group)n in our department were retrospectively collected...
May 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534325/-choice-of-the-mode-of-laparoscopic-right-hemicolectomy
#3
Changqing Jing
Laparoscopy has become the standard surgery mode of right hemicolectomy, including conventional laparoscopy, hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS), single-port laparoscopic surgery (SPLS), natural orifices translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) and robotic laparoscopy. How to select reasonable laparoscopic mode could be confusing sometimes. For patients, safety, cost-effectiveness and radical cure of the surgery are very important. For doctors, advance and convenience of the surgery must be considered as well...
May 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534232/spontaneous-dislocation-of-the-posterior-chamber-intraocular-lens
#4
Azusa Fujikawa, Yasser Helmy Mohamed, Hirofumi Kinoshita, Eiko Tsuiki, Takashi Kitaoka
AIM: To evaluate the possible risk factors for posterior chamber intraocular lens dislocation either in-the-bag (ITB) dislocation or out-of-the-bag (OOTB) dislocation. METHODS: All subjects who sustained late intraocular lens dislocation from January 2011 until May 2014 and presented to the Nagasaki University Hospital were included in the study. This study is a retrospective evaluation of all cases of posterior chamber intraocular lens dislocation in this defined period...
May 22, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533989/iatrogenic-spinal-subdural-extra-arachnoid-hygroma-following-uncomplicated-lumbar-decompression
#5
Benjamin D Elder, Wataru Ishida, Rory C Goodwin, Ali Bydon
Intradural spinal arachnoid cysts (ISACs) have been reported in the current literature as either an idiopathic disease or exceedingly rare sequelae after lumbar puncture, spinal trauma, or meningitis. Other studies have more appropriately termed the iatrogenic pathology as a spinal subdural extra-arachnoid hygroma (SSEH), as there is not often a clear cyst wall as in a true arachnoid cyst. However, to the best of our knowledge, none of the previous studies described an SSEH following uncomplicated posterior lumbar surgery, as they have previously involved clear durotomies during the initial operation...
April 17, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532896/healing-of-fracture-nonunions-treated-with-low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-lipus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Ross Leighton, J Tracy Watson, Peter Giannoudis, Costas Papakostidis, Andrew Harrison, R Grant Steen
INTRODUCTION: Bone fractures fail to heal and form nonunions in roughly 5% of cases, with little expectation of spontaneous healing thereafter. We present a systematic review and meta-analysis of published papers that describe nonunions treated with low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS). METHODS: Articles in PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, CINAHL, AMED, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Scopus databases were searched, using an approach recommended by the Methodological Index for Non-Randomized Studies (MINORS), with a Level of Evidence rating by two reviewers independently...
May 15, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531789/do-picu-patients-meet-technical-criteria-for-performing-indirect-calorimetry
#7
Megan R Beggs, Gonzalo Garcia Guerra, Bodil M K Larsen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Indirect calorimetry (IC) is considered gold standard for assessing energy needs of critically ill children as predictive equations and clinical status indicators are often unreliable. Accurate assessment of energy requirements in this vulnerable population is essential given the high risk of over or underfeeding and the consequences thereof. The proportion of patients and patient days in pediatric intensive care (PICU) for which energy expenditure (EE) can be measured using IC is currently unknown...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530628/-mini-laparoscopic-pyeloplasty
#8
Enrique Ramos Barselo, Ernesto Herrero Blanco, Mario Domínguez Esteban, José Luis Gutiérrez Baños
Continued progresses in the field of laparoscopy have been introduced in urological surgery. With the development of smaller instrumental minilaparoscopy was born seeking to reduce abdominal trauma and improve cosmetic scars, obtaining similar or better results than conventional laparoscopy. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to evaluate the results and reproducibility of mini-laparoscopic pyeloplasty. METHODS: A literature review and a bibliographic search in PubMed were performed...
May 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530617/-principles-of-urinary-tract-reconstructive-surgery
#9
Juan Gomez Rivas, Jesús Cisneros Ledo
INTRODUCTION: In the last 15 years, the role of laparoscopic surgery has progressively increased to include reconstructive procedures such as pyeloplasty and management of ureteral stricture, in addition to being a field in continuous development, this refers to the improvement of ergonomics, new instruments and new techniques. We present a review on basic features of laparoscopic reconstructive surgery in urology. ACQUISITION OF EVIDENCE: For this review, an exhaustive literature search was performed in PUBMED, MEDILNE, BioMed central and others, with the keywords: reconstructive surgery, urology, laparoscopy...
May 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530250/the-hump-columellar-strut-a-reliable-technique-for-correction-of-nasal-tip-underprojection
#10
P G Giacomini, S Mocella, S Di Girolamo, R De Berardinis, A Boccieri
Nasal tip under projection is often found in rhinoplasty cases both for congenital or post-traumatic deformity. Nasal trauma may result in alteration of the external and internal nasal structures with following aesthetic impairment and difficulties in breathing. Post-traumatic surgery is frequent, but restoration of pre-traumatic form and function remains a challenge. The present paper describes a new method to increase tip projection by a columellar strut harvested from the autologous nasal bone and cartilage of the resected hump...
May 22, 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529865/hyaluronic-acid-and-its-composites-as-a-local-antimicrobial-antiadhesive-barrier
#11
REVIEW
C L Romanò, E De Vecchi, M Bortolin, I Morelli, L Drago
Living in biofilms is probably the most common condition for bacteria and fungi and biofilm-related infections account for the majority of bacterial infectious diseases worldwide. Among others biofilm-related infections, those associated with implanted biomaterials have an enormous and still largely underestimated impact in orthopaedics and trauma, cardio-surgery and several other surgical disciplines. Given the limited efficacy of existing antibiotics in the prevention and treatment of bacterial biofilms, new strategies are needed to protect implants and host tissues, overcoming the striking ability of the microorganisms to adhere on different surfaces and to immediately protect themselves by forming the biofilm matrix...
2017: J Bone Jt Infect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529680/-beyond-saving-lives-current-perspectives-of-interventional-radiology-in-trauma
#12
REVIEW
Anuradha Singh, Atin Kumar, Pawan Kumar, Subodh Kumar, Shivanand Gamanagatti
Interventional radiology (IR) has become an integral part in the management of traumatic injuries. There is an ever-increasing role of IR in traumatic injuries of solid abdominal organs, pelvic and peripheral arteries to control active bleeding by therapeutic embolization or vascular reconstruction using stent grafts. Traditionally, these endovascular treatments have been offered to hemodynamically stable patients. However, in recent times endovascular approach has become preferable to surgery even in hemodynamically unstable patients with injury of surgically difficult-to-access sites...
April 28, 2017: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529538/emergency-surgery-due-to-diaphragmatic-hernia-case-series-and-review
#13
REVIEW
Mario Testini, Antonia Girardi, Roberta Maria Isernia, Angela De Palma, Giovanni Catalano, Angela Pezzolla, Angela Gurrado
BACKGROUND: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a congenital abnormality, rare in adults with a frequency of 0.17-6%. Diaphragmatic rupture is an infrequent consequence of trauma, occurring in about 5% of severe closed thoraco-abdominal injuries. Clinical presentation ranges from asymptomatic cases to serious respiratory or gastrointestinal symptoms. Diagnosis depends on anamnesis, clinical signs and radiological investigations. METHODS: From May 2013 to June 2016, six cases (four females, two males; mean age 58 years) of diaphragmatic hernia were admitted to our Academic Department of General Surgery with respiratory and abdominal symptoms...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529196/the-usage-of-mock-oral-examinations-for-program-improvement
#14
Shari L Meyerson, Stuart Lipnick, Edward Hollinger
OBJECTIVE: Mock oral examinations are often used to prepare residents for the American Board of Surgery certifying examination. Another potential use of these examinations is to identify programmatic weaknesses. Results from a multi-institutional mock oral examination were evaluated to determine if specific areas of weakness within each of the participating programs could be identified to facilitate program development. DESIGN: A mock oral examination was administered annually consisting of 3 examination rooms per resident with 3 cases in each room...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529195/rapid-web-based-platform-for-assessment-of-orthopedic-surgery-patient-care-milestones-a-2-year-validation
#15
Kenneth R Gundle, Dayne T Mickelson, Arien Cherones, Jason Black, Doug P Hanel
OBJECTIVE: To determine the validity, feasibility, and responsiveness of a new web-based platform for rapid milestone-based evaluations of orthopedic surgery residents. SETTING: Single academic medical center, including a trauma center and pediatrics tertiary hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Forty residents (PG1-5) in an orthopedic residency program and their faculty evaluators. METHODS: Residents and faculty were trained and supported in the use of a novel trainee-initiated web-based evaluation system...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529193/laparoscopy-has-a-therapeutic-role-in-the-management-of-abdominal-trauma-a-matched-pair-analysis
#16
Saurav Chakravartty, Ameet Patel, Diwakar R Sarma, Muhammad Noor, Spyros Panagiotopoulos, Ameet G Patel
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopy is increasingly utilised as a diagnostic tool in management of abdominal trauma; however its role in therapeutic intervention remains unexplored. The aim of this study is to compare laparoscopy with laparotomy in the treatment of abdominal trauma in haemodynamically stable patients. METHODS: A review of patients undergoing surgery for abdominal trauma between January 2004-2014 identified 25 patients who underwent laparoscopy for therapeutic intervention (TL)...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528478/the-diagnosis-and-management-of-a-vertebral-artery-loop-causing-cervical-radiculopathy
#17
L Wood, M Czyz, S Forster, Bronek M Boszczyk
BACKGROUND: Cervical radiculopathies are rarely caused by vertebral artery loop formation, which is estimated to be present in less than 3% of patients. It is uncertain what causes the loop formation: some propose an association with spondylotic changes or trauma, whilst others suggest hypertension and atherosclerosis may be responsible. CASE REPORT 1: A 35-year-old male patient presented with signs and symptoms of cervical radiculopathy that was not improved with anterior cervical discectomy and fusion surgery performed 2 years beforehand...
May 20, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526917/do-we-know-the-outcome-predictors-for-cauda-equine-syndrome-ces-a-retrospective-single-center-analysis-of-60-patients-with-ces-with-a-suggestion-for-a-new-score-to-measure-severity-of-symptoms
#18
Alexander König, Lisa Amelung, Marco Danne, Ullrich Meier, Johannes Lemcke
OBJECTIVE: Despite the awareness and familiarity of almost every medical professional with the cauda equine compression syndrome (CES), risk factors for a poor prognosis of the disease remain elusive. Even the relationship between subsequent outcome and the time elapsed from the time of appearance of symptoms to surgery taking place remain obscure. The aim of our study, therefore, was to analyze a relatively large population of our own patients studied consecutively, to identify outcome predictors for CES and to propose a clinical score for CES symptoms (Berlin CES score)...
May 19, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525411/beta-blockers-and-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-eastern-association-for-the-surgery-of-trauma-guideline
#19
Aziz S Alali, Kaushik Mukherjee, Victoria A McCredie, Eyal Golan, Prakesh S Shah, James M Bardes, Susan E Hamblin, Elliott R Haut, James C Jackson, Kosar Khwaja, Nimitt J Patel, Satish R Raj, Laura D Wilson, Avery B Nathens, Mayur B Patel
OBJECTIVE: To determine if beta-(β)-blockers improve outcomes after acute traumatic brain injury (TBI). BACKGROUND: There have been no new inpatient pharmacologic therapies to improve TBI outcomes in a half-century. Treatment of TBI patients with β-blockers offers a potentially beneficial approach. METHODS: Using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CENTRAL databases, eligible articles for our systematic review and meta-analysis (PROSPERO CRD42016048547) included adult (age ≥ 16 years) blunt trauma patients admitted with TBI...
May 18, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523383/anterior-sacral-meningocele-presenting-as-intracystic-bleeding
#20
Ignacio Javier Gilete-Tejero, Marta Ortega-Martínez, Jacinto Mata-Gómez, María Rico-Cotelo, Luis Miguel Bernal-García, Beatriz Yerga-Lorenzana, Ignacio Casado-Naranjo
PURPOSE: To report a case of anterior sacral meningocele with intralesional bleeding secondary to sacrococcygeal trauma. Likewise, there is a discussion about the physiopathology and the surgical approach to these types of lesions. METHODS: A 43-year-old man diagnosed with Marfan syndrome suffered sacrococcygeal trauma. He was admitted to the emergency room due to symptoms of headache, nausea, and lower limb subjective weakness. CT and MRI showed a large retroperitoneal mass with hemorrhagic content close to the sacrum...
May 18, 2017: European Spine Journal
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