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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161944/a-structured-process-description-of-a-pragmatic-implementation-project-improving-integrated-care-for-older-persons-in-residential-care-homes
#1
Antonius J Poot, Claudia S de Waard, Annet W Wind, Monique A A Caljouw, Jacobijn Gussekloo
Evaluation of the implementation of integrated care can differ from trial-based research due to complexity. Therefore, we examined whether a theory-based method for process description of implementation can contribute to improvement of evidence-based care. MOVIT, a Dutch project aimed at implementing integrated care for older vulnerable persons in residential care homes, was used as a case study. The project activities were defined according to implementation taxonomy and mapped in a matrix of theoretical levels and domains...
January 2017: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160190/far-below-replacement-fertility-in-urban-china
#2
Zhongwei Zhao, Qinzi Xu, Xin Yuan
China's urban population has experienced rapid fertility decline over the past six decades. This drastic change will have a significant impact on China's demographic, social and economic future. However, the patterns and characteristics of urban China's fertility decline have not been systematically examined. This study analyses the trends and age patterns of fertility in urban China since the 1950s, and summarizes the major characteristics of reproductive behaviours into four 'lows': extremely 'low' level of fertility; 'low' proportion of two and higher parity births; 'low' mean age at birth; and 'low' level of childlessness...
November 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159908/twenty-years-later-the-cognitive-portrait-of-openness-to-reconciliation-in-rwanda
#3
Serge Caparos, Sara-Valérie Giroux, Eugène Rutembesa, Emmanuel Habimana, Isabelle Blanchette
With this work, we intended to draw a cognitive portrait of openness to reconciliation. No study had yet examined the potential contribution of high-level cognitive functioning, in addition to psychological health, to explaining attitudes towards reconciliation in societies exposed to major trauma such as post-genocide Rwanda. We measured the contribution of general cognitive capacity, analytical thinking, and subjective judgements. Our results show that higher cognitive capacity is not associated with greater openness to reconciliation...
November 21, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159317/the-impact-of-dark-tetrad-traits-on-political-orientation-and-extremism-an-analysis-in-the-course-of-a-presidential-election
#4
Boris Duspara, Tobias Greitemeyer
Previous research on personality and political attitudes has been conducted in countries where political parties from the center dominate the political system. In the present research (N = 675), we focus on the relationship between the dark side of human personality and political orientation and extremism, respectively, in the course of a presidential election where the two candidates represent either left-wing or right-wing political policies. Narcissism, Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and everyday sadism were associated with right-wing political orientation, whereas narcissism and psychopathy were associated with political extremism...
October 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158863/south-south-cooperation-as-a-mechanism-to-strengthen-public-health-services-in-africa-experiences-challenges-and-a-call-for-concerted-action
#5
Olushayo Olu, Amos Petu, Martin Ovberedjo, Diane Muhongerwa
Implementation of new models of development cooperation have been on the increase lately. Coupled with this are calls for use of horizontal development cooperation mechanisms such as South-South Cooperation (SSC) as a way to enhance aid effectiveness in the health sector of developing countries. In this case series, we review recent experiences in the application of SSC initiatives to two public health situations in Africa to demonstrate the veracity of this new paradigm. Our review highlight the immense benefits associated with the use of SSC for health and provide evidence for increasing use of horizontal development coordination mechanisms to strengthen public health services delivery and socioeconomic development among African countries...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157274/evaluating-implementation-of-the-world-health-organization-s-strategic-approach-to-strengthening-sexual-and-reproductive-health-policies-and-programs-to-address-unintended-pregnancy-and-unsafe-abortion
#6
Shusmita Rashid, Julia E Moore, Caitlyn Timmings, Joshua P Vogel, Bela Ganatra, Dina N Khan, Radha Sayal, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Sharon E Straus
BACKGROUND: We conducted a process evaluation to assess how the World Health Organization's (WHO) Strategic Approach to strengthening sexual and reproductive health policies and programs ("the SA") was used in 15 countries that requested WHO's technical support in addressing unintended pregnancy and unsafe abortion. The SA is a three-stage planning, policy, and program implementation process. We used the social ecological model (SEM) to analyze the contextual factors that influenced SA implementation...
November 21, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151398/disaster-risk-reduction-in-myanmar-a-need-for-focus-on-community-preparedness-and-improved-evaluation-of-initiatives
#7
Andrew D Smith, Emily Y Y Chan
Myanmar is a country in political and economic transition. Facing a wide-variety of natural hazards and ongoing conflict, the country's under-developed infrastructure has resulted in high disaster risk. Following the devastation of Cyclone Nargis in 2008 and increased global focus on disaster management and risk reduction, Myanmar has begun development of national disaster policies. Myanmar's Action Plan for Disaster Risk Reduction addressed multiple stages of disaster development and has made progress towards national projects, however, has struggled to implement community-based preparedness and response initiatives...
November 20, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149295/implementation-of-health-2015-public-health-program-in-finland-a-welfare-state-in-transition
#8
Lauri Kokkinen, Carles Muntaner, Patricia O'Campo, Alix Freiler, Golda Oneka, Ketan Shankardass
Our study sought to examine the implementation of Health 2015 [a public health programme prepared following the principles of Health in All Policies (HiAP)] between 2001 and 2015 in the context of welfare state restructuring. We used data from the realist multiple explanatory case study by HARMONICS, which focused on political factors (processes) that lead to the (un)successful implementation of programmes following the principles of HiAP. We analyzed data-key informant interviews, grey and scholarly literature-from our Finnish case to examine how Health 2015 implementation has been affected by the changing role of the state...
November 14, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148353/uses-of-population-health-rankings-in-local-policy-contexts-a-multisite-case-study
#9
Jonathan Purtle, Rachel Peters, Jennifer Kolker, Ana V Diez Roux
Population health rankings are a common strategy to spur evidence-informed health policy making, but little is known about their uses or impacts. The study aims were to (1) understand how and why the County Health Rankings (CH-Rankings) are used in local policy contexts, (2) identify factors that influence CH-Rankings utilization, and (3) explore potentially negative impacts of the CH-Rankings. Forty-four interviews were conducted with health organization officials and public policy makers in 15 purposively selected counties...
August 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147112/do-changes-in-welfare-and-health-policy-affect-life-satisfaction-of-older-citizens-in-europe
#10
Marinela Olaroiu, Ioana Dana Alexa, Wim J A van den Heuvel
Objectives: Ageing of societies causes serious political concerns on well-being of old citizens and care for the (frail) old. These concerns increased with the economic crisis of 2008. In European countries policy measures were taken to deal with the consequences of this crisis. This study explores the possible effects of these measures on life satisfaction of older citizens. Methods: Life satisfaction was assessed through international surveys in 2007 and 2013 and changes in societal conditions, using eight indicators on demography, welfare, and health, are assessed in 31 European countries in 2006 and in 2014...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147107/debated-agronomy-public-discourse-and-the-future-of-biotechnology-policy-in-ghana
#11
Joseph A Braimah, Kilian N Atuoye, Siera Vercillo, Carrie Warring, Isaac Luginaah
This paper examines the highly contested and ongoing biotechnology (Bt) policy-making process in Ghana. We analyse media content on how Bt is viewed in the context of Ghana's parliamentary debate on the Plant Breeders Bill and within the broader public policy-making literature. This paper does not seek to take a position on Bt or the Bill, but to understand how policy actors influence the debate with political and scientific rhetoric in Ghana. The study reveals that in the midst of scientific uncertainties of Bt's potential for sustainable agriculture production and food security, policy decisions that encourage its future adoption are heavily influenced by health, scientific, economic, environmental and political factors dictated by different ideologies, values and norms...
2017: Global Bioethics, Problemi di Bioetica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146104/an-innovative-approach-to-participatory-health-policy-development-in-bulgaria-the-conception-and-first-achievements-of-the-partnership-for-health
#12
Antoniya Dimova, Maria Rohova, Stanimir Hasardzhiev, Anne Spranger
The Bulgarian Partnership for Health was established in 2015 as a new forum for health policy formulation and discussion. The Partnership presents a new approach of structured and sustained stakeholder involvement to overcome the lack of public participation in health policy development and implementation. Constituted as a permanent consultative body to the Council of Ministers, the Partnership engages a wide variety of stakeholders and professionals to shape and improve health policies. The shared governance of the Partnership between the Minister of Health and a patient organisation supports the elaboration of legislative acts based on the stakeholders' collaboration in priority areas...
November 11, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144971/gender-equality-from-a-european-perspective-myth-and-reality
#13
Patricia C Salinas, Claudia Bagni
In the past 50 years, significant progress in women's equality has been made worldwide. Western countries, particularly European countries, have implemented initiatives to attain a more gender-balanced workforce with the introduction of family friendly policies, by trying to narrow the gender pay gap and by promoting women's career progression. In academia, however, fewer women reach top leadership positions than those in the political arena. These findings suggest that academia needs to carefully evaluate why these new policies have not been very effective...
November 15, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143571/enabling-positive-change-progress-and-setbacks-in-hiv-and-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-rights
#14
Purnima Mane, Peter Aggleton
At a point in history when the future of sexual and reproductive health including HIV looks particularly uncertain, it is helpful to recognise that many of the challenges currently faced are neither new nor insurmountable. Reflecting on past achievements and lessons learned helps us to have confidence that positive change is feasible. This paper reflects on some of the changes observed in countries like India and Mozambique and identifies a range of factors which need to coalesce to enable these developments, along with specific contextual factors...
November 16, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143456/early-intervention-in-psychosis-from-clinical-intervention-to-health-system-implementation
#15
Claudio Csillag, Merete Nordentoft, Masafumi Mizuno, David McDaid, Celso Arango, Jo Smith, Antonio Lora, Swapna Verma, Teresa Di Fiandra, Peter B Jones
AIM: Early intervention in psychosis (EIP) is a well-established approach with the intention of early detection and treatment of psychotic disorders. Its clinical and economic benefits are well documented. This paper presents basic aspects of EIP services, discusses challenges to their implementation and presents ideas and strategies to overcome some of these obstacles. METHODS: This paper is a narrative review about the evidence supporting EIP, with examples of successful implementation of EIP and of cases where major obstacles still need to be overcome...
November 16, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141197/medical-abortion-reversal-science-and-politics-meet
#16
Khadijah Z Bhatti, Antoinette T Nguyen, Gretchen S Stuart
Medical abortion is a safe, effective, and acceptable option for patients seeking an early non-surgical abortion. In 2014, medical abortion accounted for nearly one-third (31%) of all abortions performed in the United States. State-level attempts to restrict reproductive and sexual health have recently included bills that require physicians to inform women that a medical abortion is reversible. In this commentary, we will review the history, current evidence-based regimen, and regulation of medical abortion...
November 12, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141032/a-qualitative-exploration-of-malaria-operational-research-situation-in-nigeria
#17
IkeOluwapo O Ajayi, Maduka D Ughasoro, Akintayo Ogunwale, Oluwaseun Odeyinka, Obafemi Babalola, Salami Sharafadeen, Al-Mukhtar Y Adamu, Olufemi Ajumobi, Taiwo Orimogunje, Patrick Nguku
BACKGROUND: Malaria, remains one of the leading causes of high morbidity and mortality in Nigeria despite implementation of several public health interventions for its control. Operational limitations and methodological gaps have been associated with malaria control interventions and research, and these have necessitated the need for a well-tailored Malaria Operational Research (MOR) agenda. However, there is paucity of evidence-based information on relevant stakeholders' experience, awareness, perceptions and use of MOR and suggestions on setting MOR agenda...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140658/killing-u-s-slowly-curing-the-epidemic-rise-of-cancer-drug-prices
#18
Emily K White
In August 2015, more than 110 U.S. oncologists published an article detailing the deleterious effects of rising cancer drugs prices and calling for numerous reforms to our prescription drug system. These prices are the result of decades of political maneuvering; they reflect the way our country has chosen to pay for healthcare, to foster and reward innovation, and to promote a national free market system. While these choices have resulted in immense profits for pharmaceutical companies—and subsidized the development of prescription drugs globally—they have also left many cancer patients unable to afford their medications...
2017: Food and Drug Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140503/social-action-among-social-work-practitioners-examining-the-micro-macro-divide
#19
Nicole Olivia Mattocks
Social work is a profession that seeks to enhance the well-being of all people and promote social justice and social change through a range of activities, such as direct practice, community organizing, social and political action, and policy development. However, the current literature suggests that the profession's focus on social justice and social action are weakening, replaced by individualism and therapeutic interventions. This article examines data derived from a survey of 188 National Association of Social Workers members from Maryland; Virginia; and Washington, DC, to explore levels of social action participation among social workers and determine whether identifying as a macro-level practitioner would predict higher levels of social action activity compared with being a micro-level practitioner...
November 13, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137609/a-comparative-content-analysis-of-media-reporting-of-sports-betting-in-australia-lessons-for-public-health-media-advocacy-approaches
#20
Jennifer L David, Samantha L Thomas, Melanie Randle, Steven J Bowe, Mike Daube
BACKGROUND: Harmful gambling is a significant public health issue. There has been widespread discussion in the Australian media about the extent and impact of sports betting on the Australian community, particularly relating to young men and children. Given the role that the media plays in influencing policy change and political agendas, and the acknowledgement that media based advocacy is a fundamental component of successful advocacy campaigns, this research aimed to investigate how different stakeholder groups discuss sports betting within the Australian print media...
November 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
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