keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

policy, politics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103408/functional-planning-units-for-the-management-of-an-endangered-brazilian-titi-monkey
#1
Sidney F Gouveia, João Pedro Souza-Alves, Bruno B de Souza, Raone Beltrão-Mendes, Leandro Jerusalinsky, Stephen F Ferrari
Conservation practices in the tropics often rely on the data available for a few, better-known species and the adoption of an appropriate spatial scale. By defining a set of landscape units that account for critical aspects of the focal species, the information available on these conservation targets can support regional conservation policies. Here, we define and classify adjacent landscapes, termed planning units, to orientate management decisions within and among these landscapes, which are occupied by an endangered flagship primate species (Coimbra-Filho's titi monkey, Callicebus coimbrai) from eastern Brazil...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101730/concepts-for-studying-urban-environmental-justice
#2
REVIEW
Jason Corburn
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper offers research frameworks for understanding and acting to address urban environmental justice. Urban neighborhoods tend to concentrate and colocate vulnerable people and toxic environments. Cities are also where the poor and people of color tend to be disproportionately exposed to environmental hazards, such as air pollution, lead in paint and water, and polluting industries. RECENT FINDINGS: Researchers and government agencies are increasingly recognizing the need to document cumulative exposures that the urban poor and people of color experience in addition to environmental hazards...
January 18, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101328/perceived-health-status-in-a-comparative-perspective-methodological-limitations-and-policy-implications-for-israel
#3
Baruch Levi
BACKGROUND: The perceived health status indicator included in the OECD Health Statistics suffers from severe methodological limitations related to data collection. Furthermore, this indicator is also included in the OECD's Better Life Index, thus distorting the total health score of some OECD countries, among them Israel. The purpose of this paper is to explore the erroneous use of OECD health data in Israel and to warn of its implications. METHODS: Analysis of data from the OECD Health Database, Better Life Index and the Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics, review of media reports and governmental documents concerning health measures, conversations and correspondence held with officials in the relevant organizations...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094587/applying-theories-to-better-understand-socio-political-challenges-in-implementing-evidence-based-work-disability-prevention-strategies
#4
Christian Ståhl, Katia Costa-Black, Patrick Loisel
PURPOSE: This article explores and applies theories for analyzing socio-political aspects of implementation of work disability prevention (WDP) strategies. METHOD: For the analysis, theories from political science are explained and discussed in relation to case examples from three jurisdictions (Sweden, Brazil and Québec). RESULTS: Implementation of WDP strategies may be studied through a conceptual framework that targets: (1) the institutional system in which policy-makers and other stakeholders reside; (2) the ambiguity and conflicts regarding what to do and how to do it; (3) the bounded rationality, path dependency and social systems of different stakeholders; and (4) coalitions formed by different stakeholders and power relations between them...
January 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092758/between-a-rock-and-a-hard-place-economic-expansion-and-social-responsibility-in-uk-media-discourses-on-the-global-alcohol-industry
#5
Mary Thornton, Benjamin Hawkins
CONTEXT: Transnational alcohol corporations (TACs) employ a range of strategies to achieve their business objectives, including attempts to frame perceptions of their activities in media debates. TACs aim to achieve a favourable regulatory environment by presenting themselves as socially responsible actors. However, the need to secure financial investment means they must also emphasise their potential for growth. This article investigates tensions between these objectives in coverage of the global alcohol industry in the UK print media...
January 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088259/integration-for-coexistence-implementation-of-intercultural-health-care-policy-in-ghana-from-the-perspective-of-service-users-and-providers
#6
Razak Mohammed Gyasi, Adjoa Afriyie Poku, Simon Boateng, Padmore Adusei Amoah, Alhassan Abdul Mumin, Jacob Obodai, Williams Agyemang-Duah
OBJECTIVE: In spite of the World Health Organization's recommendations over the past decades, Ghana features pluralistic rather than truly integrated medical system. Policies about the integration of complementary medicine into the national health care delivery system need to account for individual-level involvement and cultural acceptability of care rendered by health care providers. Studies in Ghana, however, have glossed over the standpoint of the persons of the illness episode about the intercultural health care policy framework...
January 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087545/predictors-of-public-support-for-nutrition-focused-policy-systems-and-environmental-change-strategies-in-los-angeles-county-2013
#7
Brenda Robles, Tony Kuo
BACKGROUND: Since 2010, federal and local agencies have invested broadly in a variety of nutrition-focused policy, systems and environmental change (PSE) initiatives in Los Angeles County (LAC). To date, little is known about whether the public supports such efforts. We address this gap in the literature by examining predictors of support for a variety of PSEs. METHODS: Voters residing in LAC (n=1007) were randomly selected to participate in a cross-sectional telephone survey commissioned by the LAC Department of Public Health...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086837/systemic-and-individual-factors-in-the-buprenorphine-treatment-seeking-process-a-qualitative-study
#8
Valerie M Hewell, Angel R Vasquez, Inna D Rivkin
BACKGROUND: Opioid use is a significant problem in Alaska. Medication-assisted treatment for opioid use, including buprenorphine, reduces withdrawal symptoms and the harm associated with opioid abuse. Understanding consumers' treatment-seeking process is important for addressing barriers to treatment, facilitating effective service utilization, and informing policy. METHODS: To understand treatment-seeking behavior, we examined the attitudes, perceptions, and knowledge of those who would benefit from the medication-assisted treatment (MAT) buprenorphine...
January 11, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080126/know-thy-enemy-education-about-terrorism-improves-social-attitudes-toward-terrorists
#9
Jordan Theriault, Peter Krause, Liane Young
Hatred of terrorists is an obstacle to the implementation of effective counterterrorism policies-it invites indiscriminate retaliation, whereas many of the greatest successes in counterterrorism have come from understanding terrorists' personal and political motivations. Drawing from psychological research, traditional prejudice reduction strategies are generally not well suited to the task of reducing hatred of terrorists. Instead, in 2 studies, we explored education's potential ability to reduce extreme negative attitudes toward terrorists...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078518/public-policy-performance-for-social-development-solar-energy-approach-to-assess-technological-outcome-in-mexico-city-metropolitan-area
#10
Angel Raúl Arenas-Aquino, Y Matsumoto-Kuwabara, M Kleiche-Dray
Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA) is the most populated urban area in the country. In 2010, MCMA required 14.8% of total energy domestic demand, but greenhouse gas emissions accounted for 7.7% of domestic emissions. Mexico has massive renewable energy potential that could be harnessed through solar photovoltaic (PV) technology. The problem to explore is the relationship between local and federal public strategies in MCMA and their stance on energy transition concern, social empowerment, new technology appropriation, and the will to boost social development and urban sustainability...
January 11, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077228/levers-for-addressing-medical-underuse-and-overuse-achieving-high-value-health-care
#11
REVIEW
Adam G Elshaug, Meredith B Rosenthal, John N Lavis, Shannon Brownlee, Harald Schmidt, Somil Nagpal, Peter Littlejohns, Divya Srivastava, Sean Tunis, Vikas Saini
The preceding papers in this Series have outlined how underuse and overuse of health-care services occur within a complex system of health-care production, with a multiplicity of causes. Because poor care is ubiquitous and has considerable consequences for the health and wellbeing of billions of people around the world, remedying this problem is a morally and politically urgent task. Universal health coverage is a key step towards achieving the right care. Therefore, full consideration of potential levers of change must include an upstream perspective-ie, an understanding of the system-level factors that drive overuse and underuse, as well as the various incentives at work during a clinical encounter...
January 6, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077147/the-political-and-scientific-challenges-in-evaluating-compulsory-drug-treatment-centers-in-southeast-asia
#12
Thu Vuong, Nhu Nguyen, Giang Le, Marian Shanahan, Robert Ali, Alison Ritter
BACKGROUND: In Vietnam, like many countries in Southeast Asia, the commonly used approach of center-based compulsory drug treatment (CCT) has been criticized on human rights ground. Meanwhile, community-based voluntary methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has been implemented for nearly a decade with promising results. Reform-minded leaders have been seeking empirical evidence of the costs and effectiveness associated with these two main treatment modalities. Conducting evaluations of these treatments, especially where randomization is not ethical, presents challenges...
January 11, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077072/diabetes-mellitus-medication-use-and-catastrophic-healthcare-expenditure-among-adults-aged-50-years-in-china-and-india-results-from-the-who-study-on-global-ageing-and-adult-health-sage
#13
Shingai Douglas Gwatidzo, Jennifer Stewart Williams
BACKGROUND: Expenditure on medications for highly prevalent chronic conditions such as diabetes mellitus (DM) can result in financial impoverishment. People in developing countries and in low socioeconomic status groups are particularly vulnerable. China and India currently hold the world's two largest DM populations. Both countries are ageing and undergoing rapid economic development, urbanisation and social change. This paper assesses the determinants of DM medication use and catastrophic expenditure on medications in older adults with DM in China and India...
January 11, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077033/governing-health-equity-in-scandinavian-municipalities-the-inter-sectorial-challenge
#14
Christian Elling Scheele, Ingvild Little, Finn Diderichsen
AIMS: Local governments in the Scandinavian countries are increasingly committed to reduce health inequity through 'health equity in all policies' (HEiAP) governance. There exists, however, only very sporadic implementation evidence concerning municipal HEiAP governance, which is the focus of this study. METHODS: Data are based on qualitative thematic network analysis of 20 interviews conducted from 2014 to 2015 with Scandinavian political and administrative practitioners...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076581/-social-determinants-of-health-and-convergence-in-health-agendas-of-regional-agencies-in-south-america
#15
Ximena Pamela Díaz-Bermúdez, Flavia Bueno, Luis Francisco Sánchez Otero, Annela Jean Auer
Objective: Characterize areas of interinstitutional cooperation and converging health agendas of the Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO), the Health Council of the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR), and the Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization (ACTO) in South America based on social determinants of health. Methods: A qualitative study based on official documentary sources from the three organizations, using a comparative analysis of the health agendas of these agencies and the Rio Political Declaration on Social Determinants of Health (2011)...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074577/permanent-patients-hospital-discharge-planning-meets-housing-insecurity
#16
Jennifer L Herbst
Not all hospital inpatients need the level of care (including staffing, testing, monitoring, and treatment) uniquely available in the acute-care setting. In the United States, these longer-term, nonacute inpatients tend to be some combination of chronically ill, poor, homeless, undocumented, uninsured, and disabled-all groups who have struggled for health equity, political recognition, and voice. Even so, these "permanent patients" continue to receive care in one of the most expensive settings. This phenomenon is the result of federal legislation that creates an affirmative duty to care for all able to access our emergency departments without also making safe housing available to all...
January 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074562/the-influence-of-state-level-policy-environments-on-the-activation-of-the-medicaid-sbirt-reimbursement-codes
#17
Jesse Hinde, Jeremy Bray, David Kaiser, Erin Mallonee
AIMS: To examine how institutional constraints, comprising federal actions and states' substance abuse policy environments, influence states' decisions to activate Medicaid reimbursement codes for screening and brief intervention for risky substance use in the United States. METHODS: A discrete-time duration model was used to estimate the effect of institutional constraints on the likelihood of activating the Medicaid reimbursement codes. Primary constraints included federal Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) grant funding, substance abuse priority, economic climate, political climate and interstate diffusion...
February 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073855/the-politics-of-framing-policy-solutions-and-whether-policies-address-problems
#18
Colleen M Grogan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070340/civil-society-engagement-in-multi-stakeholder-dialogue-a-qualitative-study-exploring-the-opinions-and-perceptions-of-meta-members
#19
Gemma L Buckland-Merrett, Catherine Kilkenny, Tim Reed
BACKGROUND: The Medicines Transparency Alliance (MeTA) is an initiative that brings together all stakeholders in the medicines market to create a multi-stakeholder dialogue and improve access, availability and affordability of medicines. Key to this multi-stakeholder dialogue is the participation of Civil Society Organisations. A recent MeTA annual review, identified uneven engagement of civil society organisations in the multi-stakeholder process. This study was designed to explore the engagement of Civil Society Organisations in the MeTA multi-stakeholder process and the factors influencing their participation...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069990/reframing-inequality-the-health-inequalities-turn-as-a-dangerous-frame-shift
#20
Julia Lynch
BACKGROUND: Politicians in many countries have embraced the notion that health inequalities derive from socioeconomic inequalities, but European governments have for the most part failed to enact policies that would reduce underlying social inequalities. METHODS: Data are drawn from 84 in-depth interviews with policy-makers in four European countries between 2012 and 2015, qualitative content analysis of recent health inequalities policy documents, and secondary literature on the barriers to implementing evidence-based health inequalities policies...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Public Health
keyword
keyword
52616
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"