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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436297/health-impact-assessment-hia-of-political-proposals-at-the-local-level-successful-introduction-but-what-has-happened-15-years-later
#1
Karin Berensson, Per Tillgren
Health impact assessments (HIAs) were first introduced in Sweden in the mid-to-late 1990s, with the aim of placing health issues on the political agenda and helping to reduce health inequalities. In the early 2000s, HIAs entered a second phase and the Swedish Parliament adopted a national public health policy. A national survey conducted in 2001 showed that 10/289 municipalities had begun to use HIA and 55/289 had decided to use HIA or had initiated an adoption process. In a 2013 follow-up study based on a strategic sample of municipalities, 9/36 municipalities reported using HIA and/or similar tools...
April 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435081/a-multiple-streams-analysis-of-the-decisions-to-fund-gender-neutral-hpv-vaccination-in-canada
#2
REVIEW
Gilla K Shapiro, Juliet Guichon, Gillian Prue, Samara Perez, Zeev Rosberger
In Canada, the human papillomavirus (HPV.) vaccine is licensed and recommended for females and males. Although all Canadian jurisdictions fund school-based HPV vaccine programs for girls, only six jurisdictions fund school-based HPV vaccination for boys. The research aimed to analyze the factors that underpin government decisions to fund HPV vaccine for boys using a theoretical policy model, Kingdon's Multiple Streams framework. This approach assesses policy development by examining three concurrent, but independent, streams that guide analysis: Problem Stream, Policy Stream, and Politics Stream...
April 20, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434417/health-technology-assessment-in-central-eastern-and-south-europe-countries-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#3
Vladimir Guzvic, Tarik Catic, Marina Kostic
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe the healthcare system and health financing in Bosnia and Herzegovina and recent trends in health technology assessment (HTA) placement in the system. METHODS: A short review of PubMed published literature has been conducted using key words related to reimbursement, HTA, and health policy. We also revised legislation in Bosnia and Herzegovina published in Official Gazettes related to healthcare financing and organization...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433965/national-health-policy-2017-a-cautious-welcome
#4
T Sundararaman
On March 15, 2017 the union cabinet approved the new National Health Policy. The next day a 28-page policy text and an accompanying 13-page situational analysis were placed in Parliament and in the public domain. To have, at all times, a health policy in place that shows a road map on how a nation would show "progressive realization" of health as a basic human right is an obligation under the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. This is an international treaty adopted in 1976, to which India became a signatory in 1979, and this was one of the catalysts for the adoption of the first National Health Policy in 1 983...
April 4, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433324/stakeholder-views-on-criteria-and-processes-for-priority-setting-in-norway-a-qualitative-study
#5
Jeremy M Aidem
Since 2013, Norway has engaged in political processes to revise criteria for priority setting. These processes have yielded key efficiency and equity criteria, but excluded potentially relevant social values. This study describes the views of 27 stakeholders in Norway's health system regarding a wider set of priority-setting criteria and procedural characteristics. Between January and February 2016, semi-structured interviews and focus groups were conducted with a purposive sample of policymakers, hospital administrators, practitioners, university students and seniors...
April 12, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429990/medicaid-waivers-and-negotiated-federalism-in-the-us-is-there-relevance-to-other-federal-systems
#6
Carol S Weissert, William G Weissert
Medicaid waivers have been a principal tool of innovation in health policy in the US since at least the mid 1970s. As Republicans seek to give the states more flexibility in their implementation and management of both Medicaid and the Affordable Care Act or its replacement, waiver authority is likely to be one of the key work arounds for avoiding political barriers in the US Senate. While block-granting Medicaid may require 60 senate votes, waiver authority already exists in both Medicaid law and the Affordable Care Act...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425103/remains-of-care-opioid-substitution-treatment-in-the-post-welfare-state
#7
Anna Leppo, Riikka Perälä
This article examines how the amplified role of pharmaceutical substances in addiction treatment affects the everyday realisation of care, particularly the relationship between workers and patients, in so called austere environments. Theoretically the article draws firstly on the literature that links pharmaceuticalisation to the neoliberal undoing of central public structures and institutions of care, and secondly on Anne-Marie Mol's concept of the logic of care. Based on an ethnographic analysis of the everyday life at a Finnish opioid substitution treatment clinic we show the mechanisms through which the realisation of pharmacotherapy can, in the current political climate, result in a very narrow understanding of drug problems and minimal human contact between patients and professionals...
April 19, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423117/-recommendations-for-a-multisectorial-national-policy-to-promote-breastfeeding-in-mexico-position-of-the-national-academy-of-medicine
#8
Teresita González de Cosío-Martínez, Sonia Hernández-Cordero, Juan Rivera-Dommarco, Mauricio Hernández-Ávila
Evidence strongly supports that to improve breastfeeding practices it is needed to strengthen actions of promotion, protection and support. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to establish a multisectoral national policy that includes elements such as design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of programs and policies, funding research, advocacy to develop political willingness, and the promotion of breastfeeding from the national to municipal level, all coordinated by a central level. It is until now that Mexico has initiated a reform process to the establish a National Strategy for Breastfeeding Action...
January 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422123/role-of-lifestyle-factors-in-the-epidemic-of-diabetes-lessons-learnt-from-india
#9
REVIEW
M Deepa, R M Anjana, V Mohan
The prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is increasing steadily globally with the largest increases occurring in developing countries like India. This is attributed to the changes in the lifestyle factors, including physical inactivity and unhealthy diet, both of which are modifiable. Existing evidence suggests that increasing physical activity reduces the risk of T2D. Improving the built environment can make it more conducive to people to increase physical activity. There is also a rapid nutrition transition with consumption of diets with higher intake of refined grains, higher fat, increased consumption of sugar and sweetened beverages, and lower intake of fruits and vegetables...
April 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421127/using-agent-based-models-to-develop-public-policy-about-food-behaviours-future-directions-and-recommendations
#10
REVIEW
Philippe J Giabbanelli, Rik Crutzen
Most adults are overweight or obese in many western countries. Several population-level interventions on the physical, economical, political, or sociocultural environment have thus attempted to achieve a healthier weight. These interventions have involved different weight-related behaviours, such as food behaviours. Agent-based models (ABMs) have the potential to help policymakers evaluate food behaviour interventions from a systems perspective. However, fully realizing this potential involves a complex procedure starting with obtaining and analyzing data to populate the model and eventually identifying more efficient cross-sectoral policies...
2017: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420391/interactive-open-source-travel-time-scenario-modelling-tools-to-facilitate-participation-in-health-service-access-analysis
#11
Rohan Fisher, Jonatan Lassa
BACKGROUND: Modelling travel time to services has become a common public health tool for planning service provision but the usefulness of these analyses is constrained by the availability of accurate input data and limitations inherent in the assumptions and parameterisation. This is particularly an issue in the developing world where access to basic data is limited and travel is often complex and multi-modal. Improving the accuracy and relevance in this context requires greater accessibility to, and flexibility in, travel time modelling tools to facilitate the incorporation of local knowledge and the rapid exploration of multiple travel scenarios...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419659/making-visible-the-politics-and-ethics-of-alcohol-policy-research
#12
David Moore
Although research on alcohol policy has produced a huge international literature, alcohol research and policy itself-its cultural assumptions, methods, politics and ethics-has rarely been subject to critical analysis. In this article, I provide an appreciative review of an exception to this trend: Joseph Gusfield's 1981 classic, The Culture of Public Problems: Drinking-Driving and the Symbolic Order. I first outline Gusfield's argument that the 'problem of drinking-driving' is constructed as a 'drama of individualism' centring on the 'killer drunk'...
April 16, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419529/critical-discourse-analysis-of-social-justice-in-nursing-s-foundational-documents
#13
Claire P Valderama-Wallace
OBJECTIVE: Social inequities threaten the health of the global population. A superficial acknowledgement of social justice by nursing's foundational documents may limit the degree to which nurses view injustice as relevant to nursing practice and education. The purpose was to examine conceptualizations of social justice and connections to broader contexts in the most recent editions. DESIGN: Critical discourse analysis examines and uncovers dynamics related to power, language, and inequality within the American Nurses Association's Code of Ethics, Scope and Standards of Practice, and Social Policy Statement...
April 17, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419478/exposure-to-the-american-flag-polarizes-democratic-republican-ideologies
#14
Eugene Y Chan
Some prior research has suggested that exposure to the American flag tilts Americans towards Republicanism, while others have proffered that it brings outs a common 'together' perspective instead. We explore a third possibility - that it may actually polarize Americans' political ideology. It is generally accepted that exposure to an environmental cue can shift attitudes and behaviours, at least partly or temporarily, in a manner that is consistent with that cue. Yet, the same cue can mean different things to different people...
April 16, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419055/be-the-change-an-interprofessional-team-based-health-advocacy-summit
#15
Melody Eaton, Maria deValpine, Julie Sanford, Jamie Lee, Laura Trull, Kandy Smith
In a complex health care environment, nursing and health care professional graduates should be able to understand and collaboratively advocate for health policy benefitting patients, families, and communities. This study explored the effectiveness of interprofessional team-based learning to improve political astuteness in undergraduate health profession students. This engaging method may prove to enhance health care professionals' likelihood of understanding, involvement, and influencing health policy in the future...
April 17, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417159/endangered-mangroves-in-segara-anakan-indonesia-effective-and-failed-problem-solving-policy-advice
#16
Budi Dharmawan, Michael Böcher, Max Krott
The success of scientific knowledge transfer depends on if the decision maker can transform the scientific advice into a policy that can be accepted by all involved actors. We use a science-policy interactions model called research-integration-utilization to observe the process of scientific knowledge transfer in the case of endangered mangroves in Segara Anakan, Indonesia. Scientific knowledge is produced within the scientific system (research), science-based solutions to problems are practically utilized by political actors (utilization), and important links between research and utilization must be made (integration)...
April 17, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416570/taking-health-into-account-in-all-policies-raising-and-keeping-health-equity-high-on-the-political-agenda
#17
EDITORIAL
Lauri Kokkinen, Ketan Shankardass, Patricia O'Campo, Carles Muntaner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414854/-contextualized-editorial-practices-maria-cec%C3%A3-lia-de-souza-minayo-and-the-journal-ci%C3%A3%C2%AAncia-sa%C3%A3%C2%BAde-coletiva
#18
EDITORIAL
Hugo Spinelli, Viviana Martinovich
This interview forms part of a series of dialogues that Salud Colectiva has been holding with key editors in the field, with the purpose of examining the similar difficulties confronted by Latin American journals and the diverse ways the journals have faced these difficulties as a likely starting point for uncovering contextualized solutions. In this interview, carried out in 2015 in the Instituto de Salud Colectiva of the Universidad Nacional de Lanús, Maria Cecília de Souza Minayo speaks to us about the context in which the journal Ciência & Saúde Coletiva emerged, the political disputes existing within the collective health field, and the relevance of debate as a constitutive process of science itself...
July 2016: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411873/-survey-adaptation-for-bio-behavioural-surveillance-of-hiv-in-chilean-female-sex-workers
#19
Bielka Carvajal, Valeria Stuardo, José Manuel Manríquez, Julieta Belmar, Cinta Folch
OBJECTIVE: To adapt a behavioural questionnaire for second-generation HIV/AIDS surveillance in female sex workers (FSWs) in the Metropolitan Region, Chile. METHODS: Qualitative study of instruments validation. A Spanish instrument adapted in Catalonia was validated through a translation and back-translation of the original version. The content validity was determined through a modified Delphi method, via FSW and HIV experts representing community, political and institutional levels...
April 12, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407108/realizing-the-promise-of-the-partnership-for-maternal-newborn-and-child-health
#20
Hareya Fassil, John Borrazzo, Richard Greene, Troy Jacobs, Maureen Norton, Mary Ellen Stanton, Nana Taona Kuo, K Rogers, Luwei Pearson, Ted Chaiban, Anshu Banerjee, Shyama Kuruvilla, Marta Seaone, Ann Starrs, Betsy McCallon, Stefan Germann, Anshu Mohan, Flavia Bustreo, Helga Fogstad, C K Mishra
Reflecting on Storeng and Béhague ("Lives in the balance": the politics of integration in the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health. Health Policy and Planning Storeng and Béhague (2016).) historical ethnography of the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health (PMNCH), this commentary provides a more current account of PMNCH's trajectory since its inception in 2005. It highlights PMNCH's distinct characteristics and how it is positioned to play an instrumental role in the current global health landscape...
April 12, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
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