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National Health insurance research database

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932514/long-term-therapy-with-wu-ling-san-a-popular-antilithic-chinese-herbal-formula-did-not-prevent-subsequent-stone-surgery-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#1
San-Yuan Wu, Huey-Yi Chen, Kao-Sung Tsai, Jen-Huai Chiang, Chih-Hsin Muo, Fung-Chang Sung, Yung-Hsiang Chen, Wen-Chi Chen
Traditional Chinese herbal medicine (CHM), which is widely used to treat pain and urolithiasis, is a promising therapy for urinary stone prevention. This study investigated the clinical efficacy of a popular CHM, Wu-Ling-San (WLS), in Taiwan for the prophylaxis of recurrent nephrolithiasis as assessed by surgical stone treatment via a nationwide population-based cohort study. The National Health Insurance Research Database, 2000-2010, which included one million patient records. All patients diagnosed with stone disease at the beginning of the study...
2016: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930829/diabetes-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-mortality-in-hepatitis-c-infected-patients-a-population-based-cohort-study
#2
Ting-Shuo Huang, Chih-Lang Lin, Yu-Chiau Shyu, Chau-Ting Yeh, Kung-Hao Liang, Chi-Chin Sun, Mu-Jie Lu, Rong-Nan Chien
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The effect of diabetes mellitus (DM) on the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and all-cause mortality after HCC development in chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infected patients remains inconclusive. This cohort study aimed to investigate these issues using the Taiwanese National Health Insurance Research Database. METHODS: We retrieved and enrolled newly diagnosed DM patients with HCV from the Longitudinal Cohort of Diabetes Patients database...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930581/associations-between-interventions-for-urolithiasis-and-urinary-tract-cancer-among-patients-in-taiwan-the-effect-of-early-intervention
#3
Chien-Liang Lin, Wen-Tsung Huang, Wen-Chou Fan, Yin-Hsun Feng, Chia-Ho Lin, Chian-Shiung Lin, Chih-Cheng Lu, Tse-Chou Cheng, Chao-Jung Tsao, Sheng-Hsiang Lin
The aim of this study was to investigate cancer risk in patients with a history of urolithiasis and to determine whether intervention for calculi attenuated the risk of subsequent urinary tract cancer (UTC).Using data from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan, we performed a nationwide cohort study enrolling participants (n = 42,732) aged > 30 years who were diagnosed with urinary tract calculi between 2000 and 2009. Age- and gender-matched insured individuals (n = 213,660) found in the health service records over the same period were recruited as the control group...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923178/aplastic-anemia-and-risk-of-deep-vein-thrombosis-and-pulmonary-embolism-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#4
Chun-Liang Lin, Cheng-Li Lin, Shu-Ling Tzeng, Wei-Sheng Chung
OBJECTIVES: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) constitute venous thromboembolism (VTE), which is not fully known in aplastic anemia (AA). Therefore, we investigated the incidence and risk of VTE in AA patients. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide cohort study to investigate the risk of DVT and PE in patients with AA. We identified patients with newly diagnosed AA as the AA cohort between 2000 and 2010 from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD)...
November 21, 2016: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915077/how-do-government-regulations-influence-the-ability-to-practice-chinese-herbal-medicine-in-western-countries
#5
Tom Fleischer, Yi-Chang Su, Sunny Jui-Shan Lin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The regulation policies of substances used in Chinese Herbal Medicine (CHM), have a direct influence on the ability of health providers to practice in the clinic. AIM OF THE STUDY: We set out to assess the truth behind the assumption that practice of CHM in the west is constrained by the regulations imposed by authorities in western countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For the first part of our study we surveyed and compiled lists of banned and restricted Chinese Materia Medica (CMM) from six countries: USA, UK, Germany, Israel, Canada and Australia...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913699/risk-and-association-of-hla-with-oxcarbazepine-induced-cutaneous-adverse-reactions-in-asians
#6
Chun-Bing Chen, Yi-Hsin Hsiao, Tony Wu, Mo-Song Hsih, Wichittra Tassaneeyakul, Teekayu P Jorns, Chonlaphat Sukasem, Chien-Ning Hsu, Shih-Chi Su, Wan-Chun Chang, Rosaline Chung-Yee Hui, Chia-Yu Chu, Yi-Ju Chen, Ching-Ying Wu, Chao-Kai Hsu, Tsu-Man Chiu, Pei-Lun Sun, Hua-En Lee, Chin-Yi Yang, Pei-Han Kao, Chih-Hsun Yang, Hsin-Chun Ho, Jing-Yi Lin, Ya-Ching Chang, Ming-Jing Chen, Chun-Wei Lu, Chau Yee Ng, Kang-Ling Kuo, Chien-Yio Lin, Ching-Sheng Yang, Ding-Ping Chen, Pi-Yueh Chang, Tsu-Lan Wu, Yu-Jr Lin, Yi-Ching Weng, Tseng-Tong Kuo, Shuen-Iu Hung, Wen-Hung Chung
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk and genetic association of oxcarbazepine-induced cutaneous adverse reactions (OXC-cADRs), including Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis (SJS/TEN), in Asian populations (Chinese and Thai). METHODS: We prospectively enrolled patients with OXC-cADRs in Taiwan and Thailand from 2006 to 2014, and analyzed the clinical course, latent period, drug dosage, organ involvement, complications, and mortality. We also investigated the carrier rate of HLA-B*15:02 and HLA-A*31:01 of patients with OXC-cADRs and compared to OXC-tolerant controls...
December 2, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906991/association-between-history-of-dental-amalgam-fillings-and-risk-of-parkinson-s-disease-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#7
Yung-Chuang Hsu, Cheng-Wei Chang, Hsin-Lin Lee, Chuan-Chung Chuang, Hsien-Chung Chiu, Wan-Yun Li, Jorng-Tzong Horng, Earl Fu
The impact of dental amalgam on the development of Parkinson's disease (PD) is still uncertain, although a positive association between dental amalgam and PD has been found in a few case-control studies. The patients with amalgam fillings restored between 2000 and 2008 were identified by using the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) in Taiwan. The same number of patients who had no new amalgam filling restored was matched by sex, age, and treatment date. Both cohorts were followed up from the treatment date until the date of diagnosis of PD, death, or the end of the year 2008...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906842/spironolactone-and-the-risk-of-urinary-tract-cancer-in-patients-with-hypertension-a-nationwide-population-based-retrospective-case-control-study
#8
Ya-Wen Chuang, Mei-Ching Yu, Shih-Ting Huang, Cheng-Kuang Yang, Cheng-Hsu Chen, Ying-Chih Lo, Cheng-Li Lin, Kuo-Hsiung Shu, Tung-Min Yu, Chia-Hung Kao
AIM: This was a nationwide study by National Health Insurance Research Database to investigate the risk of urinary tract cancers (UTCs) for renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors including spironolactone. METHODS: A total of 32 167 UTC patients with hypertension were enrolled in the National Health Insurance program between 2005 and 2011. RESULTS: Among different subclasses of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors, the adjusted odds ratio (OR) for UTC risk was 1...
January 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895064/risk-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-nationwide-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Te-Chun Shen, Liang-Wen Hang, Shinn-Jye Liang, Chien-Chung Huang, Cheng-Li Lin, Chih-Yen Tu, Te-Chun Hsia, Chuen-Ming Shih, Wu-Huei Hsu, Fung-Chang Sung
OBJECTIVE: Sleep disorders are prevalent medical disorders in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, whether patients with RA are at an increased risk of developing obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is unclear. DESIGN: Using population-based retrospective cohort study to examine the risk of OSA in patients with RA. SETTING: We used claims data of the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) of Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: We identified a RA cohort with 33 418 patients newly diagnosed in 2000-2010 and a randomly selected non-RA comparison cohort with 33 418 individuals frequency matched by sex, age and diagnosis year...
November 28, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893679/pelvic-inflammatory-disease-increases-the-risk-of-a-second-primary-malignancy-in-patients-with-cervical-cancer-treated-by-surgery-alone
#10
Wen-Yen Chiou, Chien-An Chen, Moon-Sing Lee, Hon-Yi Lin, Chung-Yi Li, Yu-Chieh Su, Shiang-Jiun Tsai, Shih-Kai Hung
As the number of long-term cervical cancer survivors continues to increase because of improvements in treatment, concerns about second primary malignancy have grown. The high-risk area of second primary cancers in cervical cancer survivors is the pelvis. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) could be a useful marker for gynecological cancers. Thus, we designed a large-scale, nationwide, controlled cohort study to investigate whether PID or other risk factors increased the risk of second primary cancers in patients with cervical cancer treated by surgery alone...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884648/dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitors-peripheral-arterial-disease-and-lower-extremity-amputation-risk-in-diabetic-patients
#11
Chun-Chin Chang, Yung-Tai Chen, Chien-Yi Hsu, Yu-Wen Su, Chun-Chih Chiu, Hsin-Bang Leu, Po-Hsun Huang, Jaw-Wen Chen, Shing-Jong Lin
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have elucidated the vascular protective effects of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4 inhibitors). However, to date no large-scale studies have been carried out to determine the impact of DPP-4 inhibitors on the occurrence of peripheral arterial disease, and lower extremity amputation risk in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective registry analysis using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database to investigate the correlation between the use of DPP-4 inhibitors and risk of peripheral arterial disease in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
November 21, 2016: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876245/perioperative-medicine-and-taiwan-national-health-insurance-research-database
#12
REVIEW
C C Chang, C C Liao, T L Chen
"Big data", characterized by 'volume', 'velocity', 'variety', and 'veracity', being routinely collected in huge amounts of clinical and administrative healthcare-related data are becoming common and generating promising viewpoints for a better understanding of the complexity for medical situations. Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), one of large and comprehensive nationwide population reimbursement databases in the world, provides the strength of sample size avoiding selection and participation bias...
November 18, 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873075/increased-risk-of-hip-fractures-in-korean-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-6-year-nationwide-population-based-study
#13
Se Hwa Kim, Yoo Mee Kim, Jeong Seon Yoo, Eun Yeong Choe, Tae Ho Kim, Young Jun Won
We compared the incidence and risk of hip fractures in Korean patients with type 2 diabetes and non-diabetic subjects in a nationwide population-based study. The study included 17,110 patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in 2004 and 34,220 randomly selected age- and sex-matched control subjects drawn from the Korean National Health Insurance Research database. Fracture events occurring between 2004 and 2010 were identified from medical claims data. The adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for fractures associated with diabetes were calculated...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866208/kidney-cancer-linked-to-chronic-hepatitis-in-the-asia-pacific-a-population-based-analysis
#14
Yu-Shan Lin, Chih-Ching Yeh, Yen-Chung Lin, Chien-Tien Su, Fung-Chang Sung, Shih-Ni Chang, Yun-Ru Liu, Fu-Hsiung Su
BACKGROUND: The association of renal cancer with viral hepatitis infection remains unclear. Using an insurance data set, this population-based case-control study evaluated the association of renal cancer with chronic hepatitis virus infection in an endemic area of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. METHODS: We enrolled 17,747 patients with renal cancer during the period from 2000 to 2011 from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan...
November 19, 2016: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865201/increased-risk-of-ventricular-tachycardia-in-patients-with-sarcoidosis-during-the-very-long-term-follow-up
#15
Abigail Louise D Te, Yenn-Jiang Lin, Yun-Yu Chen, Fa-Po Chung, Shih-Lin Chang, Li-Wei Lo, Yu-Feng Hu, Ta-Chuan Tuan, Tze-Fan Chao, Jo-Nan Liao, Chin-Yu Lin, Yao-Ting Chang, Kuo-Liong Chien, Shih-Ann Chen
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is an important diagnostic consideration in patients with ventricular tachycardia (VT) of unknown origin. The clinical course of VT as the primary presentation in patients with sarcoidosis is mostly unknown. This study aimed to investigate the incidence of life-threatening VT and mortality during long term follow-up in patients with sarcoidosis. METHODS: We analyzed the epidemiological features of sarcoidosis in Taiwan using the National Health Insurance Research Database from 2000 to 2004...
November 7, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863367/prescription-pattern-of-chinese-herbal-products-for-heart-failure-in-taiwan-a-population-based-study
#16
Ming-Yen Tsai, Wen-Long Hu, Che-Chen Lin, Yi-Chiao Lee, Shih-Yu Chen, Yu-Chiang Hung, Yung-Hsiang Chen
BACKGROUND: Certain Chinese herbal products (CHPs) may protect against the progression of heart failure (HF). However, there is a lack of research regarding the use of CHPs in patients with HF. The aims of this study were to analyze CHPs usage patterns in patients with HF and to identify the frequency and combination of CHPs most commonly used for HF. METHODS: This retrospective, nationwide, population-based cohort study was conducted using a randomly sampled cohort of one million patients selected from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) for the years 2000-2010 in Taiwan...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861490/impact-on-survival-on-interval-between-surgery-and-adjuvant-chemotherapy-in-completely-resected-stage-ib-iiia-lung-cancer
#17
Bing-Yen Wang, Jing-Yang Huang, Wei-Heng Hung, Ching-Hsiung Lin, Sheng-Hao Lin, Yung-Po Liaw, Jiunn-Liang Ko
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Complete surgical resection is recommended for early stage lung cancer, and adjuvant chemotherapy is given for stage IB to IIIA disease. No studies have examined the best timing to administer chemotherapy after surgery in lung cancer. This study was to investigate the optimal timing of adjuvant chemotherapy after surgical resection. METHODS: Data collected from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database between January, 2004 and December, 2010 were retrospectively analyzed...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858911/increased-risk-of-depression-in-patients-with-acquired-sensory-hearing-loss-a-12-year-follow-up-study
#18
Wei-Ting Hsu, Chih-Chao Hsu, Ming-Hsun Wen, Hong-Ching Lin, Hsun-Tien Tsai, Peijen Su, Chi-Te Sun, Cheng-Li Lin, Chung-Yi Hsu, Kuang-Hsi Chang, Yi-Chao Hsu
Acquired sensory hearing loss (SHL) is suggested to be associated with depression. However, some studies have reported conflicting results. Our study investigated the relationship between the prevalence of SHL and the incidence of depression over 12 years of follow-up by using data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). We sought to determine the association between SHL and subsequent development of depression and discuss the pathophysiological mechanism underlying the association...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858121/trends-in-hip-fracture-rates-in-taiwan-a-nationwide-study-from-1996-to-2010
#19
T Y Wu, H Y Hu, S Y Lin, W C Chie, R S Yang, C K Liaw
: There was an initial increase and a later decrease in hip fracture rates in Taiwan between 1996 and 2010 (457.9 to 390.0 fractures per 100,000 people per year). Mortality rates decreased but re-emerged later (2.26 to 1.91 deaths per 100 hip fracture admissions). The turning point for change in trends was 2003. INTRODUCTION: Fractures of the proximal femur remain a major cause of mortality and morbidity. We aimed to examine recent trends in hip fracture rates, in-hospital mortality rates, and length of hospital stay (LOS) due to hip fractures in people aged 55 and over in Taiwan...
November 17, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852248/risk-of-asthma-in-patients-with-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Te-Chun Shen, Hsuan-Ju Chen, Chang-Ching Wei, Chia-Hung Chen, Chih-Yen Tu, Te-Chun Hsia, Chuen-Ming Shih, Wu-Huei Hsu, Fung-Chang Sung, Da-Tian Bau
BACKGROUND: Sjögren's syndrome (SS) has been associated with bronchial hyperresponsiveness and asthma; however, no population-based cohort study has been performed. We evaluated the risk of asthma in patients with primary SS in a nationwide population. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using data from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. The primary SS group included 4725 adult patients diagnosed between 2000 and 2006. Each patient was frequency-matched with four people without SS by sex, age and year of diagnosis...
November 16, 2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
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