keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

UVB

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810554/beneficial-effects-of-dried-pomegranate-juice-concentrated-powder-on-ultraviolet-b-induced-skin-photoaging-in-hairless-mice
#1
Su-Jin Kang, Beom-Rak Choi, Seung-Hee Kim, Hae-Yeon Yi, Hye-Rim Park, Chang-Hyun Song, Sae-Kwang Ku, Young-Joon Lee
The present study investigated the anti-aging effects of pomegranate juice concentrated powder (PCP) in hairless mice following 15 weeks of UVB irradiation (three times a week; 0.18 J/cm(2)). Skin moisturizing effects were evaluated through skin water, collagen type I and hyaluronan contents, as well as collagen type I and hyaluronan synthesis-related transcript levels. Wrinkle formation and edema scores (skin weights) were also assessed, along with skin matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, MMP-9 and MMP-13 transcript levels...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801907/light-responsive-promoters
#2
Maximilian Hörner, Konrad Müller, Wilfried Weber
Recent advances in the development of light-inducible transgene expression systems have overcome many inherent drawbacks of conventional chemically regulated systems. The latest generation of those light-regulated systems that are specifically responsive to different wavelengths allows spatiotemporal control of gene expression in a so far unprecedented manner.In this chapter, we first describe the available light-inducible gene expression systems compatible with mammalian cells and explain their underlying mechanisms...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798932/lycium-barbarum-polysaccharides-protect-rat-corneal-epithelial-cells-against-ultraviolet-b-induced-apoptosis-by-attenuating-the-mitochondrial-pathway-and-inhibiting-jnk-phosphorylation
#3
Shaobo Du, Biao Han, Kang Li, Xuan Zhang, Xueli Sha, Lan Gao
Lycium barbarum polysaccharides (LBPs) have been shown to play a key role in protecting the eyes by reducing the apoptosis induced by certain types of damage. However, it is not known whether LBPs can protect damaged corneal cells from apoptosis. Moreover, no reports have focused on the role of LBPs in guarding against ultraviolet B- (UVB-) induced apoptosis. The present study aimed to investigate the protective effect and underlying mechanism of LBPs against UVB-induced apoptosis in rat corneal epithelial (RCE) cells...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793178/ultraviolet-and-infrared-induced-11-beta-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase-type-1-activating-skin-photoaging-is-inhibited-by-red-ginseng-extract-containing-high-concentrations-of-ginsenoside-rg3-s
#4
Jin-Ju Nam, Ji-Eun Min, Min-Ho Son, Jin-Hwan Oh, Seunghyun Kang
BACKGROUND: Sun irradiation is one of major extrinsic stressors responsible for premature skin aging through activation and expression of 11 beta hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1), which converts inactive cortisone to active cortisol. The aim of this study was to evaluate the inhibitory effects of red ginseng extract containing high concentrations of ginsenoside Rg3(S) (GERg3) on 11β-HSD1-induced skin photoaging. METHODS: To evaluate the inhibitory effects of GERg3 on ultraviolet (UV) or infrared (IR)-induced skin photoaging, human dermal fibroblasts or a normal human 3D skin model were exposed to UV or an IR...
August 9, 2017: Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780296/effect-of-uvb-radiation-exposure-in-the-expression-of-genes-and-proteins-related-to-apoptosis-in-freshwater-prawn-embryos
#5
Heloísa Schramm, Michael L Jaramillo, Thaline de Quadros, Eliane C Zeni, Yara M R Müller, Dib Ammar, Evelise M Nazari
Our previous studies showed that embryos of the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium olfersii exposed to ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation exhibited DNA damage, excessive ROS production, mitochondrial dysfunction and increased hsp70 expression, which are able, independently or together, to induce apoptosis. Thus, we attempted to elucidate some key apoptosis-related genes (ARG) and apoptosis-related proteins (ARP) and their expression during different stages of embryonic development, as well as to characterize the chronology of ARG expression and ARP contents after UVB radiation insult...
July 26, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771503/narrowband-uvb-treatment-is-highly-effective-and-causes-a-strong-reduction-in-the-use-of-steroid-and-other-creams-in-psoriasis-patients-in-clinical-practice
#6
John Foerster, Kirsty Boswell, Jonathan West, Heather Cameron, Colin Fleming, Sally Ibbotson, Robert Dawe
BACKGROUND: Narrowband NB-UVB phototherapy (NB-UVB) is an effective treatment for psoriasis, as demonstrated by clinical trials. However, due to required infrastructure and need for treatment attendance opinions on the value of offering this treatment in routine practice vary. AIMS: To provide high quality large-scale and long-term data on the efficacy of NB-UVB for psoriasis under real-world conditions in order to assist in management decisions. METHODS: The following resources were employed: (1) complete and prospectively recorded prescription drug records for a population of 420,000 marked by low demographic mobility, (2) prospectively recorded clinical treatment outcomes for all NB-UVB treatment episodes occurring in the local population; (3) complete dermatology electronic treatment records of all psoriasis patients, allowing cross-validation of diagnoses and treatment records...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768192/time-restricted-feeding-shifts-the-skin-circadian-clock-and-alters-uvb-induced-dna-damage
#7
Hong Wang, Elyse van Spyk, Qiang Liu, Mikhail Geyfman, Michael L Salmans, Vivek Kumar, Alexander Ihler, Ning Li, Joseph S Takahashi, Bogi Andersen
The epidermis is a highly regenerative barrier protecting organisms from environmental insults, including UV radiation, the main cause of skin cancer and skin aging. Here, we show that time-restricted feeding (RF) shifts the phase and alters the amplitude of the skin circadian clock and affects the expression of approximately 10% of the skin transcriptome. Furthermore, a large number of skin-expressed genes are acutely regulated by food intake. Although the circadian clock is required for daily rhythms in DNA synthesis in epidermal progenitor cells, RF-induced shifts in clock phase do not alter the phase of DNA synthesis...
August 1, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764904/photosensitized-methyl-paraben-induces-apoptosis-via-caspase-dependent-pathway-under-ambient-uvb-exposure-in-human-skin-cells
#8
Divya Dubey, Deepti Chopra, Jyoti Singh, Ajeet K Srivastav, Smita Kumari, Ankit Verma, Ratan Singh Ray
Methyl paraben (MP), is a widely used preservative in pharmaceutical, food and cosmetic products. Its molecular mechanism under ambient ultraviolet radiation is not well understood. We investigated photosensitizing mechanism of MP under ambient UVB (0.6 mW/cm(2)) intensity. MP showed dose dependent decrease in cell viability of human keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT) by MTT and NRU assays. Study showed 40% reduction in antimicrobial activity of UVB irradiated MP through E. coli culture. Photosensitized MP (25 μg/ml) significantly enhanced lipid peroxidation, intracellular ROS generation and disrupted mitochondrial membrane integrity...
July 29, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757910/curcumin-protects-skin-against-uvb-induced-cytotoxicity-via-the-keap1-nrf2-pathway-the-use-of-a-microemulsion-delivery-system
#9
Maya Ben Yehuda Greenwald, Marina Frušić-Zlotkin, Yoram Soroka, Shmuel Ben Sasson, Ronit Bitton, Havazelet Bianco-Peled, Ron Kohen
Curcumin was found to be beneficial in treating several skin pathologies and diseases, providing antioxidant protection due to its reducing properties and its electrophilic properties (the ability to activate the Nrf2 pathway and induce phase II cytoprotective enzymes). Nevertheless, clinical applications of curcumin are being hampered by its insufficient solubility, chemical instability, and poor absorption, leading to low efficacy in preventing skin pathologies. These limitations can be overcome by using a nanotechnology-based delivery system...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756616/parp-1-par-activity-in-cultured-human-lens-epithelial-cells-exposed-to-two-levels-of-uvb-light
#10
Caroline S Cencer, Shravan K Chintala, Tenira J Townsend, Daniel P Feldmann, Mirna A Awrow, Nahrain A Putris, Mason E Geno, Maria G Donovan, Frank J Giblin
This study investigated poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) activation in cultured human lens epithelial cells exposed to two levels of UVB light (312 nm peak wavelength), 0.014 and 0.14 J/cm(2) ("low" and "high" dose, respectively). At the low dose, PARP-1 and poly (ADP-ribose) (PAR) polymers acted to repair DNA strand breaks rapidly with no subsequent major effects on either cell morphology or viability. However, following the high UVB dose, there was a dramatic second phase of PARP-1 activation, 90 min later, which included a sudden reappearance of DNA strand breaks, bursts of reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation both within the mitochondria and nucleus, a translocation of PAR from the nucleus to the mitochondria, and an ultimate 70% loss of cell viability occurring after 24 hrs...
July 30, 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754339/interleukin-1-receptor-knockout-mice-develop-epidermal-cysts-and-show-an-altered-innate-immune-response-following-exposure-to-ultraviolet-b-radiation
#11
Nikhil N Kulkarni, Christopher A Adase, Ling-Juan Zhang, Andrew W Borkowski, Fengwu Li, James A Sanford, Daniel J Coleman, Carlos Aguilera, Arup K Indra, Richard L Gallo
In this study, we observed that mice lacking the interleukin 1 receptor (IL1r(-/-)), or deficient in interleukin 1-beta (IL1-β), developed multiple epidermal cysts after chronic ultraviolet B (UVB) exposure. Cysts that developed in IL1r(-/-) mice were characterized by the presence of the hair follicle marker Sox 9, keratins (K10 and K14) and normal melanocyte distribution and retinoid X receptor α (RXR α) expression. The increased incidence of cysts in IL1r(-/-) mice was associated with less skin inflammation as characterized by decreased recruitment of macrophages, and their skin also maintained epidermal barrier function compared to wild-type mice...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751807/protective-effects-of-astaxanthin-on-skin-deterioration
#12
Kumi Tominaga, Nobuko Hongo, Mayuko Fujishita, Yu Takahashi, Yuki Adachi
Astaxanthin is a carotenoid with potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity. To evaluate the anti-inflammatory effect of astaxanthin on skin deterioration, we confirmed its role in epidermal-dermal interactions in vitro. Astaxanthin treatment suppressed ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced inflammatory cytokine secretion in keratinocytes, and matrix metalloproteinase-1 secretion by fibroblasts cultured in UVB-irradiated keratinocyte medium. To verify these findings, we conducted a 16-week clinical study with 65 healthy female participants...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750320/cellular-mycosporine-like-amino-acids-protect-photosystem-ii-of-the-dinoflagellate-scrippsiella-sweeneyae-from-ultraviolet-radiation-damage
#13
Hitomi Taira, Satoru Taguchi
Photo-damage to photosystem II (PSII) from ultraviolet radiation (UVR) was determined using chlorophyll fluorescence in relation to sunscreen factors on the dinoflagellate Scrippsiella sweeneyae based on the cellular mycosporine-like amino acid contents (CMAAs, cell) and cell diameter (=light path, d). Three different CMAAs, cell were prepared by acclimating cells to three levels (30.8, 15.2, and 7.7Wm(-2)) of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR). PAR-acclimated cells were exposed to PAR (0.64Wm(-2))+UVR (3...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748592/influence-of-narrowband-ultraviolet-b-phototherapy-on-serum-tumour-necrosis-factor-like-weak-inducer-of-apoptosis-tweak-in-patients-with-psoriasis
#14
H Myśliwiec, P Kiluk, P Myśliwiec, B Żelazowska-Rutkowska, A Baran, I Flisiak
Psoriasis is characterized by keratinocyte resistance to apoptosis. We recently demonstrated an increase in serum tumour necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) in patients after topical treatment for psoriasis. We decided to verify whether narrowband ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) has a similar effect. Serum concentration of TWEAK was estimated in patients with exacerbated plaque psoriasis treated with NB-UVB. Baseline TWEAK levels were similar in patients with psoriasis and healthy controls, and Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) correlated inversely with TWEAK levels...
July 27, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748302/effect-of-combination-of-fractional-co2-laser-and-narrow-band-ultraviolet-b-versus-narrow-band-ultraviolet-b-in-the-treatment-of-non-segmental-vitiligo
#15
Mohamed Bakr El-Zawahry, Naglaa Sameh Zaki, Marian Youssry Wissa, Marwah Adly Saleh
The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of combining fractional CO2 laser with narrow-band ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) versus NB-UVB in the treatment of non-segmental vitiligo. The study included 20 patients with non-segmental stable vitiligo. They were divided into two groups. Group I received a single session of fractional CO2 laser therapy on the right side of the body followed by NB-UVB phototherapy twice per week for 8 weeks. Group II received a second session of fractional CO2 laser therapy after 4 weeks from starting treatment with NB-UVB...
July 26, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747733/non-ionising-uv-light-increases-the-optical-density-of-hygroscopic-self-assembled-dna-crystal-films
#16
Alexandria E Gasperini, Susy Sanchez, Amber L Doiron, Mark Lyles, Guy K German
We report on ultraviolet (UV) light induced increases in the UV optical density of thin and optically transparent crystalline DNA films formed through self assembly. The films are comprised of closely packed, multi-faceted and sub micron sized crystals. UV-Vis spectrophotometry reveals that DNA films with surface densities up to 0.031 mg/mm(2) can reduce the transmittance of incident UVC and UVB light by up to 90%, and UVA transmittance by up to 20%. Subsequent and independent film irradiation with either UVA or UVB dosages upwards of 80 J/cm(2) both reduce UV transmittance, with reductions scaling monotonically with UV dosage...
July 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745643/isolation-and-culture-of-primary-mouse-keratinocytes-from-neonatal-and-adult-mouse-skin
#17
Fengwu Li, Christopher A Adase, Ling-Juan Zhang
The keratinocyte (KC) is the predominant cell type in the epidermis, the outermost layer of the skin. Epidermal KCs play a critical role in providing skin defense by forming an intact skin barrier against environmental insults, such as UVB irradiation or pathogens, and also by initiating an inflammatory response upon those insults. Here we describe methods to isolate KCs from neonatal mouse skin and from adult mouse tail skin. We also describe culturing conditions using defined growth supplements (dGS) in comparison to chelexed fetal bovine serum (cFBS)...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743058/oral-nanotherapeutics-redox-nanoparticles-attenuate-ultraviolet-b-radiation-induced-skin-inflammatory-disorders-in-kud-hr-hairless-mice
#18
Chitho P Feliciano, Yukio Nagasaki
The active participation of an anti-inflammatory drug in the biological pathways of inflammation is crucial for the achievement of beneficial and therapeutic effects. This study demonstrated the development of redox nanoparticles that can circulate in the blood at significantly high levels, thus increasing their efficacy as an oral treatment against the deleterious effects of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in an in vivo inflammatory skin model. To confirm the blood bioavailability of the nanoparticles, mice were injected with the nanoparticles solution (RNP(N)) via oral gavage...
October 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739550/nivolumab-induced-vitiligo-successfully-treated-with-narrowband-uvb-phototherapy
#19
Takuya Miyagawa, Takafumi Kadono, Yuri Masui, Daisuke Yamada, Ryosuke Saigusa, Hiroko Numajiri, Jun Omatsu, Yoshihide Asano, Shinichi Sato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735741/apigenin-prevents-ultraviolet-b-radiation-induced-cyclobutane-pyrimidine-dimers-formation-in-human-dermal-fibroblasts
#20
S Mary Britto, D Shanthakumari, B Agilan, T Radhiga, G Kanimozhi, N Rajendra Prasad
Exposure to solar ultraviolet-B (UVB) radiation leads to the formation of cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPDs). We investigated the protective effect of apigenin against UVB-induced CPDs formation in human dermal fibroblasts cells (HDFa). For this purpose, HDFa cells were treated with apigenin (15μM) prior to UVB irradiation (20mJ/cm(2)); DNA damage and subsequent molecular end points were observed. Exposure to UVB radiation increased significant CPDs formation in HDFa cells and the frequencies of CPDs were reduced by treatment with apigenin (15μM)...
September 2017: Mutation Research
keyword
keyword
52606
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"