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Emotional Damages

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929480/nursing-a-disaster
#1
Stephanie B Turner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the needs of nurses predisaster and postdisaster. DESIGN/METHODS: This study involved an exploratory mixed methods approach, with semistructured in-depth interviews followed by a 10-item survey of resilience. SETTING: The study took place in the PI's office in Tuscaloosa, AL. SUBJECTS: Ten English speaking nurses from an area hospital who were on duty during the April 2011 tornado...
July 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904449/james-wenceslaus-papez-his-circuit-and-emotion
#2
Kalyan B Bhattacharyya
James Papez worked on the anatomical substrates of emotion and described a circuit, mainly composed of the hippocampus, thalamus and cingulum, and published his observations in 1937. However, such an idea existed before him, as evidenced by the rudimentary indications from Paul Broca, and Paul MacLean added some other structures like, septum, amygdala, and hypothalamus in its ambit and called it the limbic system. Paul Ivan Yakovlev, proposed a circuit which also referred to orbitofrontal, insular, anterior temporal lobe, and other nuclei of thalamus...
July 2017: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901281/review-5-ht1-5-ht2-5-ht3-and-5-ht7-receptors-and-their-role-in-the-modulation-of-pain-response-in-the-central-nervous-system
#3
Cortes-Altamirano José Luis, Olmos-Hernández Adriana, Bonilla-Jaime Herlinda, Carrillo-Mora Paul, Bandala Cindy, S Reyes-Long, Alfaro-Rodríguez Alfonso
BACKGROUND: The aim of this review was to identify the mechanisms by which serotonin receptors involved at the central level are able to modulate the nociceptive response. Pain is a defense mechanism of the body that entails physiological, anatomical, neurochemical, and psychological changes, and is defined as an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience with potential risk of tissue damage, comprising the leading cause of appointments with Physicians worldwide. Treatment for this symptom has generated several neuropharmacological lines of research, due to the different types of pain and the various drugs employed to treat this condition...
September 11, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885358/comorbidity-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-anxiety-in-flood-survivors-prevalence-and-shared-risk-factors
#4
Wenjie Dai, Atipatsa C Kaminga, Hongzhuan Tan, Jieru Wang, Zhiwei Lai, Xin Wu, Yuan Xiong, Jing Deng, Aizhong Liu
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and anxiety are both prevalent in trauma-related populations. However, comorbidity of these 2 psychiatric disorders has not been investigated in flood survivors. This study aimed to estimate the extent to which PTSD and anxiety co-occur in flood survivors, and identify shared risk factors for PTSD only and comorbidity of PTSD and anxiety.Individuals who experienced Dongting Lake flood in 1998 were enrolled in this study using stratified and systematic random sampling method...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883803/basic-emotions-in-human-neuroscience-neuroimaging-and-beyond
#5
REVIEW
Alessia Celeghin, Matteo Diano, Arianna Bagnis, Marco Viola, Marco Tamietto
The existence of so-called 'basic emotions' and their defining attributes represents a long lasting and yet unsettled issue in psychology. Recently, neuroimaging evidence, especially related to the advent of neuroimaging meta-analytic methods, has revitalized this debate in the endeavor of systems and human neuroscience. The core theme focuses on the existence of unique neural bases that are specific and characteristic for each instance of basic emotion. Here we review this evidence, outlining contradictory findings, strengths and limits of different approaches...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880103/close-social-ties-and-health-in-later-life-strengths-and-vulnerabilities
#6
Karen S Rook, Susan T Charles
The world is aging at an unprecedented rate, with older adults representing the fastest-growing segment of the population in most economically developed and developing countries. This demographic shift leaves much uncharted territory for researchers who study social relationships and health. Social relationships exert powerful influences on physical health in later adulthood, a critical consideration given age-related increases in the prevalence of chronic health conditions and physical disability. A large body of research indicates that older adults report greater satisfaction with their social networks than do younger adults, and that they often take measures to minimize their exposure to negative social encounters...
September 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879461/perinatal-exposure-to-the-cyanotoxin-%C3%AE-n-m%C3%A3-thylamino-l-alanine-bmaa-results-in-long-lasting-behavioral-changes-in-offspring-potential-involvement-of-dna-damage-and-oxidative-stress
#7
Anthony Laugeray, Asma Oummadi, Clément Jourdain, Justyne Feat, Géraldine Meyer-Dilhet, Arnaud Menuet, Karen Plé, Marion Gay, Sylvain Routier, Stéphane Mortaud, Gilles J Guillemin
We recently demonstrated that perinatal exposure to the glutamate-related herbicide, glufosinate ammonium, has deleterious effects on neural stem cell (NSC) homeostasis within the sub-ventricular zone (SVZ), probably leading to ASD-like symptoms in offspring later in life. In the present study, we aimed to investigate whether perinatal exposure to another glutamate-related toxicant, the cyanobacterial amino acid β-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA), might also trigger neurodevelopmental disturbances. With this aim, female mice were intranasally exposed to low doses of BMAA, 50 mg kg(-1) three times a week from embryonic days 7-10 to postnatal day 21...
September 6, 2017: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877120/life-experiences-of-patients-with-glaucoma-a-phenomenological-study
#8
Emine Iyigun, Sevinc Tastan, Hatice Ayhan, Halise Coskun, Gulsah Kose, Tarkan Mumcuoglu
BACKGROUND: Studies that describe the experiences of patients with glaucoma from different cultures may help health professionals gain a broader perspective on this issue. Currently, few qualitative studies describe how patients with glaucoma in Turkey cope with daily life. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of patients with glaucoma. METHOD: This descriptive phenomenological study used purposive sampling to enroll 20 patients with glaucoma...
October 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866901/anxiety-and-psychosomatic-symptoms-in-palliative-care-from-neuro-psychobiological-response-to-stress-to-symptoms-management-with-clinical-hypnosis-and-meditative-states
#9
Anirudh Kumar Satsangi, Maria Paola Brugnoli
Psychosomatic disorder is a condition in which psychological stresses adversely affect physiological (somatic) functioning to the point of distress. It is a condition of dysfunction or structural damage in physical organs through inappropriate activation of the involuntary nervous system and the biochemical response. In this framework, this review will consider anxiety disorders, from the perspective of the psychobiological mechanisms of vulnerability to extreme stress in severe chronic illnesses. Psychosomatic medicine is a field of behavioral medicine and a part of the practice of consultation-liaison psychiatry...
August 9, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866131/increased-emotional-reactivity-to-affective-pictures-in-patients-with-skin-picking-disorder-evidence-from-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#10
Albert Wabnegger, Sonja Übel, Gerald Suchar, Anne Schienle
The predominant symptom of skin-picking disorder (SPD) is the recurrent picking of one's own skin, leading to tissue damage and discomfort. Psychological disorder models suggest an enhanced emotional reactivity in patients with SPD, which contributes to the maintenance of symptoms. This functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) experiment analyzed both subjective and neuronal responses to affective pictures (categories: fear, disgust, happiness, neutral) in 19 women with SPD and 16 healthy controls. Also, affective traits (disgust, anxiety, depression) were assessed...
September 1, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860723/self-care-management-strategies-used-by-black-women-who-self-report-consistent-adherence-to-antihypertensive-medication
#11
Willie M Abel, Jessica S Joyner, Judith B Cornelius, Danice B Greer
BACKGROUND: Black women in the USA have the highest prevalence rate of hypertension (HTN) contributing to a higher risk of organ damage and death. Research has focused primarily on poorly controlled HTN, negative belief systems, and nonadherence factors that hinder blood pressure control. No known research studies underscore predominantly Black women who report consistent adherence to their antihypertensive medication-taking. The purpose of this study was to describe self-care management strategies used by Black women who self-report consistent adherence to their antihypertensive medication and to determine the existence of further participation in lifestyle modifications, such as eating a healthy diet and increasing physical activity...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831313/emotion-processing-by-erp-combined-with-development-and-plasticity
#12
REVIEW
Rui Ding, Ping Li, Wei Wang, Wenbo Luo
Emotions important for survival and social interaction have received wide and deep investigations. The application of the fMRI technique into emotion processing has obtained overwhelming achievements with respect to the localization of emotion processes. The ERP method, which possesses highly temporal resolution compared to fMRI, can be employed to investigate the time course of emotion processing. The emotional modulation of the ERP component has been verified across numerous researches. Emotions, described as dynamically developing along with the growing age, have the possibility to be enhanced through learning (or training) or to be damaged due to disturbances in growth, which is underlain by the neural plasticity of emotion-relevant nervous systems...
2017: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830002/the-prosocial-functions-of-early-social-emotions-the-case-of-guilt
#13
REVIEW
Amrisha Vaish
To safeguard human cooperation, it is vital that when cooperative relationships break down, they are repaired. This requirement is met by the social emotion of guilt, at two levels: the experience of guilt motivates transgressors to repair the damage they have caused, and transgressors' displays of guilt appease victims and bystanders and elicit cooperation toward the transgressor. I review recent evidence that guilt functions in both of these ways from early in development. The experience of guilt motivates reparative behavior in children 2-3 years of age, and transgressors' displays of guilt appease and elicit cooperation in children 4-5 years of age...
August 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813282/autonomy-promotion-responsiveness-and-emotion-regulation-promote-effective-social-support-in-times-of-stress
#14
REVIEW
Carolyn E Cutrona, Daniel W Russell
Adult attachment theory provides guidance for providing optimal social support in intimate relationships. According to attachment theory, facilitating autonomy (secure base support) sometimes is more important than providing nurturance (safe haven support). In addition, it is important that couples celebrate one another's triumphs and successes (another form of secure base support). A key construct that explains the development of attachment is responsiveness to the individual's needs. Support that is delivered in a responsive manner (i...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769007/the-deletion-of-gpr40-ffar1-signaling-damages-maternal-care-and-emotional-function-in-female-mice
#15
Fuka Aizawa, Yoshihiro Ogaki, Natsuki Kyoya, Takashi Nishinaka, Kazuo Nakamoto, Takashi Kurihara, Akira Hirasawa, Atsuro Miyata, Shogo Tokuyama
The free fatty acid receptor 1 (GPR40/FFAR1) is activated by polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) such as docosahexaenoic acids (DHA). This receptor has been the focus of many studies regarding physiological functions of the central nervous system. PUFAs are essential for neuronal development and maintenance of neuronal function; thus, the decrease of PUFAs in the brain is closely related to the induction of psychiatric diseases associated with emotional disorder, such as anxiety, depression, and schizophrenia...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759598/nurse-in-limbo-a-qualitative-study-of-nursing-in-disasters-in-iranian-context
#16
Negar Pourvakhshoori, Kian Norouzi, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Mohammadali Hosseini, Hamidreza Khankeh
BACKGROUND: An understanding of nurses' experiences in disasters can help to identify their problems in this area. These can be overcome with better planning and preparation. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences and perceptions of disaster nurses regarding their provision of disaster health care services. METHODS: This was a qualitative study using an inductive qualitative content analysis. Participants included 15 Iranian nurses who had experiences of health care delivery in disasters...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731873/health-related-quality-of-life-in-iranian-adult-men-with-severe-hemophilia
#17
Mohammad Faranoush, Ehsan Shahverdi, Raheb Qorbani, Mostafa Moghaddam
: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) assessment should be part of the regular clinical assessment of persons with hemophilia. This study assessed quality of life of severe hemophilia patients (Type A) in Tehran comprehensive hemophilia care center. This cross-sectional study was done in 2016 and 84 men aged over 20 years with severe hemophilia (Type A) were assessed. All patients have been treated over 10 years at the comprehensive hemophilia care center, Iran. The HRQOL assessment includes the A36 Hemophilia-QOL questionnaire, sociodemographical and clinical characteristics...
July 20, 2017: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728507/disease-specific-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-lupus-nephritis
#18
M Jolly, S Toloza, B Goker, A E Clarke, S V Navarra, D Wallace, M Weisman, C C Mok
Background Patient-reported outcomes in lupus nephritis (LN) are not well studied. Studies with disease-targeted PRO tool in LN do not exist. Herein, we describe quality of life (QOL: HRQOL & non-HRQOL) among LN patients using LupusPRO. Methods International, cross-sectional data from 1259 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and LupusPRO were compared, stratified by (a) presence of LN (ACR classification criteria (ACR-LN)) at any time and, (b) active LN (on SLEDAI) at study visit. Damage was assessed by SLICC/ACR-SDI...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725865/the-science-of-empathy
#19
Helen Riess
Empathy plays a critical interpersonal and societal role, enabling sharing of experiences, needs, and desires between individuals and providing an emotional bridge that promotes pro-social behavior. This capacity requires an exquisite interplay of neural networks and enables us to perceive the emotions of others, resonate with them emotionally and cognitively, to take in the perspective of others, and to distinguish between our own and others' emotions. Studies show empathy declines during medical training...
June 2017: Journal of patient experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723344/social-cognition-impairments-after-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-haemorrhage-associations-with-deficits-in-interpersonal-behaviour-apathy-and-impaired-self-awareness
#20
Anne M Buunk, Jacoba M Spikman, Wencke S Veenstra, Peter Jan van Laar, Jan D M Metzemaekers, J Marc C van Dijk, Linda C Meiners, Rob J M Groen
Behavioural disturbances are frequently found after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (aSAH). Social cognition impairments have been suggested as a possible underlying mechanism for behavioural problems. Also, aSAH is likely to result in damage affecting frontal-subcortical circuits underlying social cognition. Therefore, we aimed to investigate social cognition after aSAH and its associations with behavioural problems (deficits in interpersonal behaviour, apathy, and impaired self-awareness) and focal as well as diffuse brain damage...
July 16, 2017: Neuropsychologia
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