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Emotional Damages

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220025/management-of-cancer-in-the-older-age-person-an-approach-to-complex-medical-decisions
#1
Maria Vallet-Regí, Miguel Manzano, Leocadio Rodriguez-Mañas, Marta Checa López, Matti Aapro, Lodovico Balducci
The management of cancer in older aged people is becoming a common problem due to the aging of the population. There are many variables determining the complex situation that are interconnected. Some of them can be assessed, such as risk of mortality and risk of treatment complications, but many others are still unknown, such as the course of disease, the host-related factors that influence cancer aggressiveness, and the phenotype heralding risk of permanent treatment-related damage.This article presents a dynamic and personalized approach to older people with cancer based on our experience on aging, cancer, and their biological interactions...
February 20, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211817/post-stroke-acquired-amusia-a-comparison-between-right-and-left-brain-hemispheric-damages
#2
Zahra Jafari, Mahdiye Esmaili, Ahmad Delbari, Masoud Mehrpour, Majid H Mohajerani
BACKGROUND: Although extensive research has been published about the emotional consequences of stroke, most studies have focused on emotional words, speech prosody, voices, or facial expressions. The emotional processing of musical excerpts following stroke has been relatively unexplored. OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of chronic stroke on the recognition of basic emotions in music. METHODS: Seventy persons, including 25 normal controls (NC), 25 persons with right brain damage (RBD) from stroke, and 20 persons with left brain damage (LBD) from stroke between the ages of 31-71 years were studied...
February 15, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202502/narrative-empathy-and-illness-memoirs-arthur-frank-s-at-the-will-of-the-body-and-kathlyn-conway-s-ordinary-life
#3
Rosalia Baena
This article analyses the concept of narrative empathy in illness memoirs. These texts negotiate the narrative identity of an autobiographer as he or she recounts the disruptive experience of illness, an experience in which physical and emotional traces dramatically and definitively shape our sense of self. While narrative emotions are certainly deployed in these autobiographies in order to connect with the readers and promote social change, this empathic connection is not so much aimed at arousing compassion but rather more positive emotions on the experience of illness...
February 15, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182139/assessing-behavioral-patterns-of-internet-addiction-and-drug-abuse-among-high-school-students
#4
Zeinab Nemati, Hossein Matlabi
BACKGROUND: Internet addiction and drug abuse isolate adolescents from their family and friends and cause damage to their health, relations, emotions, and spirit. In the society, adolescents' addiction extracts high cost on health care, educational failure and mental health services. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the behavioral patterns of Internet and drug addiction among urban and rural students in Urmia, Iran. METHODS: A sectional and descriptive-analytical approach with stratified sampling method was employed to recruit 385 high school students from urban and rural areas...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159434/-and-if-it-happened-to-children-adapting-medical-care-during-terrorist-attacks-with-multiple-pediatric-victims
#5
L Alix-Séguin, N Lodé, G Orliaguet, E Chamorro, F Kerroué, C Lorge, A Moreira
In light of the recent terrorist attacks in Europe, we need to reconsider the organization of rescue and medical management and plan for an attack involving multiple pediatric victims. To ensure quick surgical management, but also to minimize risk for on-site teams (direct threats from secondary terrorist attacks targeting deployed emergency services), it is crucial to evacuate patients in a swift but orderly fashion. Children are vulnerable targets in terrorist attacks. Their anatomical and physiological characteristics make it likely that pediatric victims will suffer more brain injuries and require more, often advanced, airway management...
January 31, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148697/updating-the-psoriatic-arthritis-psa-core-domain-set-a-report-from-the-psa-workshop-at-omeract-2016
#6
Ana-Maria Orbai, Maarten de Wit, Philip J Mease, Kristina Callis Duffin, Musaab Elmamoun, William Tillett, Willemina Campbell, Oliver FitzGerald, Dafna D Gladman, Niti Goel, Laure Gossec, Pil Hoejgaard, Ying Ying Leung, Chris Lindsay, Vibeke Strand, Désirée M van der Heijde, Bev Shea, Robin Christensen, Laura Coates, Lihi Eder, Neil McHugh, Umut Kalyoncu, Ingrid Steinkoenig, Alexis Ogdie
OBJECTIVE: To include the patient perspective in accordance with the Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) Filter 2.0 in the updated Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) Core Domain Set for randomized controlled trials (RCT) and longitudinal observational studies (LOS). METHODS: At OMERACT 2016, research conducted to update the PsA Core Domain Set was presented and discussed in breakout groups. The updated PsA Core Domain Set was voted on and endorsed by OMERACT participants...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120160/the-effects-of-continuities-in-parent-and-peer-aggression-on-relational-intimate-partner-violence-in-the-transition-to-young-adulthood
#7
Bonnie J Leadbeater, Paweena Sukhawathanakul, Brett Holfeld, Jeffery R Temple
Past research suggests that exposure to parent psychological control and peer relational aggression and victimization experienced during adolescence is associated with relational intimate partner violence (IPV) in young adults (ages 22 to 29). However, the effects of continuities in these concerns across young adulthood have not been assessed. Relational IPV is characterized by behaviors intended to damage partner's emotional well-being and security in a romantic relationship (e.g., threatening to break up, purposefully ignoring, or causing jealousy)...
January 24, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116580/disrupted-face-processing-in-frontotemporal-dementia-a-review-of-the-clinical-and-neuroanatomical-evidence
#8
REVIEW
Rosalind Hutchings, Romina Palermo, Olivier Piguet, Fiona Kumfor
Faces play an integral role in day-to-day functioning, particularly for social interactions where dynamic and rapid processing of information is vital. Analysis of faces allows an individual to ascertain a wide range of information including deciphering mood and identity, with these assessments directing an individual's subsequent response and behaviours. The prominent social and emotional deficits observed in frontotemporal dementia (FTD), a younger-onset dementia syndrome, may in part reflect a breakdown of the face processing network...
January 23, 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103165/burn-wound-healing-present-concepts-treatment-strategies-and-future-directions
#9
A Oryan, E Alemzadeh, A Moshiri
Burns are the most extensive forms of soft tissue injuries occasionally resulting in extensive and deep wounds and death. Burns can lead to severe mental and emotional distress, because of excessive scarring and skin contractures. Treatment of burns has always been a difficult medical problem and many different methods have been used to treat such injuries, locally. Biofilms are a collection of microorganisms that delay wound healing. One of the new methods of prevention and treatment of burn wound infections is application of antimicrobials, which act on biofilms and prevent the wound infection...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088652/convergence-of-interoception-emotion-and-social-cognition-a-twofold-fmri-meta-analysis-and-lesion-approach
#10
Federico Adolfi, Blas Couto, Fabian Richter, Jean Decety, Jessica Lopez, Mariano Sigman, Facundo Manes, Agustín Ibáñez
Guided by indirect evidence, recent approaches propose a tripartite crosstalk among interoceptive signaling, emotional regulation, and low-level social cognition. Here we examined the neurocognitive convergence of such domains. First, we performed three meta-analyses of functional magnetic resonance imaging studies to identify which areas are consistently coactivated by these three systems. Multi-level Kernel Density Analysis (MKDA) revealed major overlaps in the right anterior insular and frontotemporal regions (viz...
December 29, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081348/the-effect-of-basolateral-amygdala-nucleus-lesion-on-memory-under-acute-mid-and-chronic-stress-in-male-rats
#11
Hoda Ranjbar, Maryam Radahmadi, Hojjatallah Alaei, Parham Reisi, Sara Karimi
BACKGROUND/AIM: The basolateral amygdala (BLA) modulates memory for emotional events and is involved in both stress and memory. This study investigated different durations of stress and the role of BLA on serum corticosterone level and spatial and cognitive memory. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Different durations of stress (acute, mid, and chronic stress), with and without BLA lesion were induced in rats by 6 h/day restraint stress for 1, 7, and 21 days. Memory functions were evaluated by novel object recognition (NOR) and object location test (OLT)...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053241/comparative-biology-of-pain-what-invertebrates-can-tell-us-about-how-nociception-works
#12
Brian D Burrell
The inability to adequately treat chronic pain is a worldwide health care crisis. Pain has both an emotional and a sensory component and this latter component, nociception, refers specifically to the detection of damaging or potentially damaging stimuli. Nociception represents a critical interaction between an animal and its environment and exhibits considerable evolutionary conservation across species. Using comparative approaches to understand the basic biology of nociception could promote the development of novel therapeutic strategies to treat pain and studies of nociception in invertebrates can provide especially useful insights towards this goal...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050204/emotional-stress-evaluation-of-patients-with-moderate-and-severe-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#13
Micheli Aparecida Gomes Dos Santos, Tatiana de Cássia Nakano, Felipe Almeida Mendes, Bruno Bernardo Duarte, Silvio Antonio Monteiro Marone
Introduction The scientific literature has shown that the damage caused by sleep fragmentation in people affected by Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) can reflect emotionally, generating not only physical symptoms such as drowsiness and tiredness, but also psychical symptoms, such as stress. Objective This study aimed at comparing symptoms of stress in patients with moderate or severe OSA, before and after two months of treatment (clinical or surgical). Method This isx an Individual, prospective, longitudinal, and interventional study...
January 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043240/being-both-helpers-and-victims-health-professionals-experiences-of-working-during-a-natural-disaster
#14
Karin Hugelius, Annsofie Adolfsson, Per Örtenwall, Mervyn Gifford
BACKGROUND: In November 2013, the Haiyan typhoon hit parts of the Philippines. The typhoon caused severe damage to the medical facilities and many injuries and deaths. Health professionals have a crucial role in the immediate disaster response system, but knowledge of their experiences of working during and in the immediate aftermath of a natural disaster is limited. Aim The aim of this study was to explore health professionals' experiences of working during and in the immediate aftermath of a natural disaster...
January 3, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018207/neural-correlates-for-apathy-frontal-prefrontal-and-parietal-cortical-subcortical-circuits
#15
REVIEW
Rita Moretti, Riccardo Signori
Apathy is an uncertain nosographical entity, which includes reduced motivation, abulia, decreased empathy, and lack of emotional involvement; it is an important and heavy-burden clinical condition which strongly impacts in everyday life events, affects the common daily living abilities, reduced the inner goal directed behavior, and gives the heaviest burden on caregivers. Is a quite common comorbidity of many neurological disease, However, there is no definite consensus on the role of apathy in clinical practice, no definite data on anatomical circuits involved in its development, and no definite instrument to detect it at bedside...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017669/depression-can-be-prevented-by-astaxanthin-through-inhibition-of-hippocampal-inflammation-in-diabetic-mice
#16
Xiao-Yan Zhou, Fang Zhang, Xiao-Tong Hu, Jing Chen, Ren-Xian Tang, Kui-Yang Zheng, Yuan-Jian Song
The critical factor considered in a depression induced by diabetes is the inflammation eliciting hippocampal, amygdala and thalamic neuronal injury. Therefore, inhibiting inflammatory reactions in the brain and reducing neuronal injury can alleviate depression in rodents suffering from diabetes mellitus. The oral administration of astaxanthin has been employed in emotional disorders and diabetic complications due to its anti-depressant, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic functions. However, it has not been reported whether astaxanthin can improve diabetes-related depression-like behavior, and its potential mechanisms have not been elucidated...
December 22, 2016: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013040/affective-speech-prosody-perception-and-production-in-stroke-patients-with-left-hemispheric-damage-and-healthy-controls
#17
Joan H Leung, Suzanne C Purdy, Lynette J Tippett, Sylvia H S Leão
PURPOSE: 'Affective prosody' defines the supra-segmental features of speech that, when manipulated, can change the type and intensity of emotion conveyed by the speaker. Although the right hemisphere is predominantly linked to the processing of affective prosodic cues, existing literature also suggests that damage to the left hemisphere can result in similar deficits. This study aims to demonstrate, and add to the evidence, that patients with left-hemisphere injury experience difficulties with affective prosodic perception and production, measured via a new combination of assessments and analyses...
December 22, 2016: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989327/pathogenesis-of-pain
#18
REVIEW
Pradeep Dinakar, Alexandra Marion Stillman
The pathogenesis of pain sensation includes mechanisms that result in acute or chronic pain. Pain itself is described as an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience beginning with a peripheral stimulus that undergoes a physiological process ultimately resulting in the sensation of pain. Biologists recognize pain to be a common sign of potential tissue damage. Hence, pain sensation is protective in function. However, pathologic states of pain exist secondary to disruption of the nociceptive process both peripherally and centrally or secondary to psychological conditions...
August 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988361/molecular-modifications-by-regulating-camp-signaling-and-oxidant-antioxidant-defence-mechanisms-produce-antidepressant-like-effect-a-possible-mechanism-of-etazolate-aftermaths-of-impact-accelerated-traumatic-brain-injury-in-rat-model
#19
Ankur Jindal, Radhakrishnan Mahesh, Shvetank Bhatt, Dilip Pandey
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the leading cause of psychiatric conditions in patients, amongst which, depression and anxiety are more frequent. Despite the preclinical antidepressant-like effects, clinical development of Phospodiesterase-4 (PDE4) enzyme inhibitors has been hampered due to serious side effect profiles, such as nausea and vomiting. Etazolate (ETZ) is a new generation PDE4 inhibitor with encouraging safety and tolerance profiles. In our previous studies we have addressed that ETZ produces antidepressant-like effects in animal models of depression, however, the underlying mechanism(s) following TBI have not been completely explored...
December 14, 2016: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987387/possible-common-neurological-breakdowns-for-alexithymia-and-humour-appreciation-deficit-a-case-study
#20
Panayiotis Patrikelis, George Konstantakopoulos, Giuliana Lucci, Vasileios K Katsaros, Damianos E Sakas, Stylianos Gatzonis, Giorgos Stranjalis
This brief work is an attempt to point to the possible common neurological breakdowns in giving rise to alexithymia, and impaired appreciation of humour. In particular, we present the case of a patient who lost the ability to enjoy humour after the surgical removal of a frontal groove meningioma, although he was still able to detect it, while at the same time was diagnosed with organic alexithymia. Our results indicate that problems in the affective appreciation of humour and in emotionalizing (alexithymic symptoms) may be the result of damage to the ventral-rostral portions of the ACG/mPFC, which prevent the patient from assessing the salience of emotion and motivational information, and generating emotional reactions; as a result he has trouble experiencing emotions, knowing how he and others feel, and enjoy humour...
February 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
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