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Emotional Damages

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626799/acute-ischemic-lesions-associated-with-impairments-in-expression-and-recognition-of-affective-prosody
#1
Amy E Wright, Cameron Davis, Yessenia Gomez, Joseph Posner, Christopher Rorden, Argye E Hillis, Donna C Tippett
PURPOSE: We aimed to: (a) review existing data on the neural basis of affective prosody;(b) test the hypothesis that there are double dissociations in impairments of expression and recognition of affective prosody; and (c) identify areas of infarct associated with impaired expression and/or recognition of affective prosody after acute right hemisphere (RH) ischemic stroke. METHODS: Participants were tested on recognition of emotional prosody in content-neutral sentences...
July 2016: Perspectives of the ASHA special interest groups
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616394/new-method-of-sudomotor-function-measurement-to-detect-microvascular-disease-and-sweat-gland-nerve-or-unmyelinated-c-fiber-dysfunction-in-adults-with-retinopathy
#2
John E Lewis, Steven E Atlas, Ammar Rasul, Ashar Farooqi, Laura Lantigua, Oscar L Higuera, Andrea Fiallo, Lianette Laria, Renata Picciani, Ken Wals, Zohar Yehoshua, Armando Mendez, Janet Konefal, Sharon Goldberg, Judi Woolger
BACKGROUND: Diabetes-associated microvascular complications such as retinopathy and neuropathy often lead to end-organ and tissue damage. Impaired skin microcirculation often precedes the detection of other advanced diabetic complications. The ANS-1 system contains a redesigned sympathetic skin response (ANS-1 SSR) device that measures sudomotor function, a photoplethysmography sensor, and a blood pressure device to comprehensively assess cardiac autonomic neuropathy and endothelial dysfunction...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614919/-effects-of-developmental-exposure-to-dehp-on-learning-and-memory-of-mice
#3
D J Wu, B B Luo, Q W Feng, Q N Wang
Objective: To investigate the effects of developmental exposure to DEHP on learning and memory of mice. Methods: Male littermates of ICR mice randomly assigned to five experimental groups (n=14 for each condition) on PND4 to receive distilled water, vehicle and 10, 50 and 200 mg/ (kg·d) DEHP from PND5 to PND38 by gavage, weighing and recording body weight of mice. Open field task were conducted on PND 26 and Morris water maze task were begun from PND30 to PND 37 to evaluate spontaneous exploration activity and emotion, spatial learning and memory performance of pubertal mice, respectively...
April 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606950/pathophysiology-of-takotsubo-syndrome
#4
REVIEW
Francesco Pelliccia, Juan Carlos Kaski, Filippo Crea, Paolo G Camici
Originally described by Japanese authors in the 1990s, Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) generally presents as an acute myocardial infarction characterized by severe left ventricular dysfunction. TTS, however, differs from an acute coronary syndrome because patients have generally a normal coronary angiogram and left ventricular dysfunction, which extends beyond the territory subtended by a single coronary artery and recovers within days or weeks. The prognosis was initially thought to be benign, but subsequent studies have demonstrated that both short-term mortality and long-term mortality are higher than previously recognized...
June 13, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602112/the-role-of-social-cognitive-and-emotional-factors-on-exclusive-breastfeeding-duration
#5
Lee Shepherd, Cherokee Walbey, Brian Lovell
BACKGROUND: Previous research has suggested that exclusive breastfeeding is likely to be predicted by social-cognitive variables and fear. However, there is little research assessing the role of regret and self-conscious emotions (e.g., pride and guilt) in promoting exclusive breastfeeding. Research aim: The primary aim of this research was to determine whether social-cognitive variables, fear, regret, and self-conscious emotions predict exclusive breastfeeding duration. The secondary aim of this research was to assess whether these factors predict infant-feeding choice (i...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596464/-music-processing-in-the-brain-neuropsychological-approach-through-findings-of-patients-with-amusia
#6
Masayuki Satoh
Less than 100 cases of amusia have been reported. The sites of lesion in these patients have been located in the right, left, and bilateral cerebral hemisphere(s); therefore the lateralization of amusia is not as clear as that of aphasia. Among them, pure amusia, the selective loss of musical ability due to acquired brain damage, was observed only in nine cases. The cases of pure amusia included right superior and middle temporal gyrus lesion involvement. By comparing the lesion sites and symptoms of pure amusia, it might be assumed that the right superior/middle temporal gyrus participates in the perception and expression of melody...
June 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576335/kuwaiti-teachers-perceptions-of-voice-handicap
#7
Sana A Albustan, Basem S Marie, Yaser S Natour, Wesam B Darawsheh
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to investigate the effects of age, gender, level of education, experience, and class level taught on the perception of voice handicap by Kuwaiti teachers using the Arabic version of the Voice Handicap Index (VHI-Arab). The mean VHI scores of Kuwaiti teachers were compared with those of Jordanian and Emirati teachers. METHODS: The study had a cross-sectional survey design. A total of 460 individuals (100 controls and 360 teachers) participated in this study and completed the paper copy of the VHI-Arab...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574389/-radical-reconstructive-toracoplasty-a-new-method-of-treatment-of-patients-with-choanoid-deformation-of-breast
#8
N Dvaladze
Objective - development of a new method of surgery correction of choanoid deformation of breast, leading to significant improvement of the treatment results of the patients with this pathotology. The new method is being developed based on the analysis of the own long experience of treatment of the patients with choanoid deformation of breast. In total, over than 70 patients have been surged, with the age ranging from 5 to 35. The surgeries have been implemented in Leningrad Pediatric Medical Institute clinic as well as clinics in Georgia...
April 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572007/reading-the-mind-in-the-touch-neurophysiological-specificity-in-the-communication-of-emotions-by-touch
#9
Louise P Kirsch, Charlotte Krahé, Nadia Blom, Laura Crucianelli, Valentina Moro, Paul M Jenkinson, Aikaterini Fotopoulou
Touch is central to interpersonal interactions. Touch conveys specific emotions about the touch provider, but it is not clear whether this is a purely socially learned function or whether it has neurophysiological specificity. In two experiments with healthy participants (N = 76 and 58) and one neuropsychological single case study, we investigated whether a type of touch characterised by peripheral and central neurophysiological specificity, namely the C tactile (CT) system, can communicate specific emotions and mental states...
May 29, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561885/the-mediated-amplification-of-a-crisis-communicating-the-a-h1n1-pandemic-in-press-releases-and-press-coverage-in-europe
#10
Constanze Rossmann, Lisa Meyer, Peter J Schulz
In the aftermath of the A/H1N1 pandemic, health authorities were criticized for failures in crisis communication efforts, and the media were accused of amplifying the pandemic. Considering these criticisms, A/H1N1 provides a suitable case for examining risk amplification processes that may occur in the transfer of information from press releases to print news media during a health crisis. We integrated the social amplification of risk framework with theories of news decisions (news values, framing) in an attempt to contribute to existing research both theoretically and empirically...
May 31, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558611/self-punishment-promotes-forgiveness-in-the-direct-and-indirect-reciprocity-contexts
#11
Ruida Zhu, Xueyi Shen, Honghong Tang, Peixia Ye, Huagen Wang, Xiaoqin Mai, Chao Liu
Most previous studies regarding self-punishment have focused on the correlation between moral emotion and self-punishment. Only a few studies have attempted to understand self-punishment from the perspective of seeking forgiveness, and no study has yet directly tested whether wrongdoers' self-punishment promotes others to forgive the wrongdoers. In three studies, the participants judged the wrongdoers' self-punishment behaviors following an unfair allocation and reported the extent to which they forgave the wrongdoers...
June 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546660/can-we-deliver-better
#12
REVIEW
Ajay Rane, Jay Iyer, Harsha Ananthram, Thomas Currie
Human childbirth has been described as an "obstetrical dilemma". Evolution favours enlargement of the foetal brain, whilst bipedal locomotion demands a reduction in pelvic breadth for improvements in biomechanical efficiency. The result of this conflict is a human pelvis incongruous with the dynamics of childbirth. Acute genital distortion at delivery can inflict lasting damage to female pelvic function. Pelvic organ prolapse, urinary, faecal incontinence and sexual dysfunction are long-term sequelae rarely discussed at antenatal care, impacting upon the expectant mother's ability to make an informed decision...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515557/dandy-walker-variant-with-schizophrenia-comorbidity-or-cerebellar-cognitive-affective-syndrome
#13
Pallavi Sinha, Jatin Tarwani, Pankaj Kumar, Amit Garg
Dandy-Walker complex (DWC) is a series of neurodevelopmental anomalies involving the posterior cranial fossa. The cerebellum has long been considered to be involved in motor coordination and balance. However, it has now been noted to play an important role in higher order cognitive, emotional, and behavioral functions. The concept of cerebellar cognitive affective syndrome, describing a coherent spectrum of cognitive and behavioral disturbances in adults following cerebellar damage has long been proposed. There have been reported cases of co-occurring psychiatric symptoms and DWC in literature, but the conclusive evidence for an association between the same remains lacking...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504021/the-theory-of-dyadic-morality-reinventing-moral-judgment-by-redefining-harm
#14
Chelsea Schein, Kurt Gray
The nature of harm-and therefore moral judgment-may be misunderstood. Rather than an objective matter of reason, we argue that harm should be redefined as an intuitively perceived continuum. This redefinition provides a new understanding of moral content and mechanism-the constructionist Theory of Dyadic Morality (TDM). TDM suggests that acts are condemned proportional to three elements: norm violations, negative affect, and-importantly-perceived harm. This harm is dyadic, involving an intentional agent causing damage to a vulnerable patient (A→P)...
May 1, 2017: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498095/risk-factors-for-development-of-postoperative-cerebellar-mutism-syndrome-in-children-after-medulloblastoma-surgery
#15
San Y C V Pols, Marie Lise C van Veelen, Femke K Aarsen, Antonia Gonzalez Candel, Coriene E Catsman-Berrevoets
OBJECTIVE Postoperative cerebellar mutism syndrome (pCMS) occurs in 7%-50% of children after cerebellar tumor surgery. Typical features include a latent onset of 1-2 days after surgery, transient mutism, emotional lability, and a wide variety of motor and neurobehavioral abnormalities. Sequelae of this syndrome usually persist long term. The principal causal factor is bilateral surgical damage (regardless of tumor location) to any component of the proximal efferent cerebellar pathway, which leads to temporary dysfunction of cerebral cortical regions as a result of diaschisis...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496426/chronic-pain-as-a-hypothetical-construct-a-practical-and-philosophical-consideration
#16
Daniel M Doleys
Pain has been defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) as "an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage." Chronic pain is usually described as pain that has persisted for 3-6 months and/or beyond the expected time of healing. The numerical pain rating (NPR) is the customary metric and often considered as a proxy for the subjective experience of chronic pain. This definition of pain (chronic) has been of significant heuristic value...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494346/glutamatergic-and-neural-dysfunction-in-postpartum-depression-using-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy
#17
Carlos E Rosa, Jair C Soares, Felipe P Figueiredo, Ricardo C Cavalli, Marco A Barbieri, Maristela S Schaufelberger, Carlos E G Salmon, Cristina M Del-Ben, Antonio C Santos
Although postpartum depression (PPD) is a prevalent subtype of major depressive disorder, neuroimaging studies on PPD are rare, particularly those identifying neurochemical abnormalities obtained by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (¹H-MRS). The dorsolateral prefrontal (DLPF) and the anterior cingulate gyrus (ACG) are part of the neural pathways involved in executive functions and emotional processing, and both structures have been implicated in the neurobiology of depressive disorders. This study aimed to evaluate brain metabolites abnormalities in women with PPD compared with healthy postpartum (HP) women...
April 26, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493751/identity-change-among-smokers-and-ex-smokers-findings-from-the-itc-netherlands-survey
#18
Eline Meijer, Colette van Laar, Winifred A Gebhardt, Marjolein Fokkema, Bas van den Putte, Arie Dijkstra, Geoffrey T Fong, Marc C Willemsen
Successful smoking cessation appears to be facilitated by identity change, that is, when quitting or nonsmoking becomes part of smokers' and ex-smokers' self-concepts. The current longitudinal study is the first to examine how identity changes over time among smokers and ex-smokers and whether this can be predicted by socioeconomic status (SES) and psychosocial factors (i.e., attitude, perceived health damage, social norms, stigma, acceptance, self-evaluative emotions, health worries, expected social support)...
May 11, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492007/colchicine-may-assist-in-reducing-granulation-tissue-in-junctional-epidermolysis-bullosa
#19
Minhee Kim, Swaranjali Jain, Adam G Harris, Dedee F Murrell
Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a rare, inherited blistering genodermatosis. Patients with junctional EB (JEB) due to LAMB3 mutations have widespread blisters and erosions of skin, mucosae, and nails, creating significant physical, emotional, and psychosocial burdens. Here we report the use of colchicine for ameliorating hypergranulating wounds in a 41-year-old female with JEB generalized intermediate. Her skin wounds and granulation tissue gradually exacerbated under silicone dressings such that she became profoundly anemic...
June 2016: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476615/deficits-in-spatial-learning-and-memory-in-adult-mice-following-acute-low-or-moderate-levels-of-prenatal-ethanol-exposure-during-gastrulation-or-neurulation
#20
Uta B Schambra, C Nicole Lewis, Theresa A Harrison
Debate continues on the merits of strictly limiting alcohol consumption during all of pregnancy, and whether "safe" consumption levels and/or times exist. Only a relatively few experimental studies have been conducted that limit the timing of exposure to specific events during development and the exposure level to one that might model sporadic, incidental drinking during pregnancy. In the present study, the effects of two acute gavage exposures to low and moderate levels of ethanol (peak blood ethanol concentrations (BEC) of 104 and 177mg/dl, respectively) either during gastrulation on gestational day (GD) 7 (at GD7:0h and GD7:4h) or during neurulation on GD8 (at GD8:6h and GD8:10h) on the spatial learning and memory abilities of adult mice in the radial arm maze (RAM) were examined...
May 2, 2017: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
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