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Emotional Injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140262/influence-of-professional-affiliation-on-expert-s-view-on-welfare-measures
#1
Nina Dam Otten, Tine Rousing, Björn Forkman
The present study seeks to investigate the influence of expert affiliation in the weighing procedures within animal welfare assessments. Experts are often gathered with different backgrounds with differing approaches to animal welfare posing a potential pitfall if affiliation groups are not balanced in numbers of experts. At two time points (2012 and 2016), dairy cattle and swine experts from four different stakeholder groups, namely researchers (RES), production advisors (CONS), practicing veterinarians (VET) and animal welfare control officers (AWC) were asked to weigh eight different welfare criteria: Hunger, Thirst, Resting comfort, Ease of movement, Injuries, Disease, Human-animal bond and Emotional state...
November 15, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139308/the-impact-of-deployment-and-traumatic-brain-injury-on-the-health-and-behavior-of-children-of-us-military-service-members-and-veterans
#2
Tracey A Brickell, Louis M French, Sara M Lippa, Rael T Lange
This study examined the impact of service member/veteran (SMV) combat deployment and traumatic brain injury (TBI) on the health and behavior of his or her children. Participants were 104 female spouse caregivers of US SMVs who had sustained a mild, severe, or penetrating TBI. Participants completed the Children's Health and Behavior Questionnaire (CHBQ; r = .758 to .881) that evaluates school grades, behavior, medical health, emotional health, and social participation: (a) prior to the first combat deployment, (b) in the month prior to the TBI, (c) within 2 years after the TBI, and (d) 2 or more years after the TBI...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135838/characteristics-of-compensation-claimants-reporting-an-occupational-injury-associated-with-disability-benefits-in-the-subsequent-year-a-follow-up-study
#3
Marianne Rudbeck, Jens Peter Johansen, Øyvind Omland
OBJECTIVE: To describe characteristics of claimants reporting an occupational injury associated with disability benefits for income independently granted by the municipality the subsequent year. METHOD: Multivariate logistic regression was used on self-reported data and register data. Primary outcome was long-term disability benefits. RESULTS: We found that perceived low work ability, high emotional stress, perceived low health, and expected recognition increased the risk of disability benefits...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135639/sleep-and-athletic-performance
#4
Andrew M Watson
Sleep is an essential component of health and well-being, with significant impacts on physical development, emotional regulation, cognitive performance, and quality of life. Along with being an integral part of the recovery and adaptive process between bouts of exercise, accumulating evidence suggests that increased sleep duration and improved sleep quality in athletes are associated with improved performance and competitive success. In addition, better sleep may reduce the risk of both injury and illness in athletes, not only optimizing health but also potentially enhancing performance through increased participation in training...
November 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132272/traumatic-brain-injury-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-conceptual-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-considerations-in-the-context-of-co-occurrence
#5
Jennifer J Vasterling, Shawna N Jacob, Ann Rasmusson
The events leading to traumatic brain injury (TBI) are often psychologically traumatic (e.g., motor vehicle accidents) or occur within a broader context of psychological trauma, such as military combat or recurrent interpersonal violence. In such cases, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may develop and serve to complicate TBI recovery. Likewise, brain trauma may impede emotional resolution following psychological trauma exposure. This article addresses comorbid PTSD and TBI, including the epidemiology of PTSD following TBI; the clinical presentation of the comorbidity; potential mechanisms that complicate recovery from psychological trauma and TBI when they co-occur; and considerations for the clinical management of PTSD in the context of TBI, including implications for both psychosocial and psychopharmacological PTSD treatments...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130023/anxiety-and-mood-clinical-profile-following-sport-related-concussion-from-risk-factors-to-treatment
#6
Natalie Sandel, Erin Reynolds, Paul E Cohen, Brandon L Gillie, Anthony P Kontos
Conceptual models for assessing and treating sport-related concussion (SRC) have evolved from a homogenous approach to include different clinical profiles that reflect the heterogeneous nature of this injury and its effects. There are six identified clinical profiles, or subtypes from SRC, and one such clinical profile is the anxiety/mood profile. Athletes with this profile experience predominant emotional disturbance and anxiety following SRC. The purpose of this targeted review was to present an overview of the empirical evidence to support factors contributing to the anxiety/mood profile, along with methods of evaluation and treatment of this clinical profile following SRC...
August 2017: Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125997/non-suicidal-self-injury-emotional-eating-and-insomnia-after-child-sexual-abuse-are-those-symptoms-related-to-emotion-regulation
#7
Esra Demirci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to assess the effects of child sexual abuse (CSA) on emotion regulation (ER) in adolescents and to evaluate the relationships between non suicidal self-injury (NSSI), emotional eating, insomnia and emotion disregulation (ED). METHOD: Fifty two adolescents, aged 10-18 years, without who weren't diagnosed a psychiatric disease before abuse and completed 6-months of follow-up after abuse included the study. Control group consisted of 33 healthy voluntary participants without any known psychiatric disorders...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125015/factors-associated-with-return-to-work-in-patients-with-long-term-disabilities-due-to-neurological-and-neuropsychiatric-disorders
#8
Maura Mitrushina, Robert Tomaszewski
The current study explores factors predicting return to work in a sample of patients with neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders who have attended a prevocational readiness and social skills training programme many years after trauma. Participants were community-dwelling adults with long-term disabilities (N = 67). Results of univariate analyses followed by multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that both pre-injury (prior) and post-injury (current) factors influenced the likelihood of employment in our sample: prior employment, current employment readiness, current cognitive competence (particularly memory and executive functioning) and emotional adjustment...
November 10, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123473/neurobehavioral-abnormalities-associated-with-executive-dysfunction-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#9
REVIEW
Rodger Ll Wood, Andrew Worthington
Objective: This article will address how anomalies of executive function after traumatic brain injury (TBI) can translate into altered social behavior that has an impact on a person's capacity to live safely and independently in the community. Method: Review of literature on executive and neurobehavioral function linked to cognitive ageing in neurologically healthy populations and late neurocognitive effects of serious TBI. Information was collated from internet searches involving MEDLINE, PubMed, PyscINFO and Google Scholar as well as the authors' own catalogs...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121272/chronic-cigarette-smoking-associates-directly-and-indirectly-with-self-reported-olfactory-alterations-analysis-of-the-2011-2014-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes
#10
Sarah-Grace Glennon, Tania Huedo-Medina, Shristi Rawal, Howard J Hoffman, Mark D Litt, Valerie B Duffy
Introduction: Population-based studies show inconsistent effects of cigarette smoking on olfactory function. We aimed to identify direct and indirect associations between measures of smoking exposure/nicotine dependence and altered olfaction in a nationally-representative sample of adults. Methods: NHANES 2011-2014 (n=7,418) participants (mean age=57.8±12.2 years) self-reported olfaction and related health and demographic risks. Affirmative answers to three questions defined altered olfaction (olfactory problems in past year; worse ability since age 25; phantom smells)...
November 7, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120998/quickstats-percentage-of-children-and-teens-aged-6-17-years-who-missed-10-days-of-school-in-the-past-12-months-because-of-illness-or-injury-%C3%A2-by-serious-emotional-or-behavioral-difficulties-status-%C3%A2-and-age-group-national-health-interview-survey-2014-2016-%C3%A2
#11
(no author information available yet)
During 2014-2016, children aged 6-17 years whose parent or guardian indicated the child had serious emotional or behavioral difficulties (EBDs) were almost four times as likely to miss >10 days of school because of illness or injury compared with children without serious EBDs (13.4% compared with 3.5%). Among children with serious EBDs, those aged 6-10 years were less likely (8.0%) to miss >10 days of school compared with children aged 11-14 years (15.6%) and children aged 15-17 years (19.5%). Among children without serious EBDs those aged 15-17 years (4...
November 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120848/is-the-first-cut-really-the-deepest-frequency-and-recency-of-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-relation-to-psychopathology-and-dysregulation
#12
Melissa J Zielinski, Morgan A Hill, Jennifer C Veilleux
Research on nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) has moved beyond examination of factors that associate with the mere presence or absence of the behavior, and into more nuanced examination of which discrete features of NSSI behavior relate to pathology. This study examined two features of NSSI, frequency of occurrence and recency, as cross-sectional predictors of psychopathology in a large community sample of adults with a history of NSSI (N = 315). Results of 2 × 2 factorial ANOVAs testing the interactive effects of NSSI frequency (clinical, subclinical) and recency (current, past) revealed that current NSSI was consistently associated with poorer emotional and behavioral health (e...
October 22, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117923/genital-injuries-acute-evaluation-and-management
#13
REVIEW
Heather N Lopez, Mariel A Focseneanu, Diane F Merritt
Genital trauma may result in external injuries to the labia, vulva or vagina, urethra and anus and internal injuries to the bony pelvis, bladder, bowels and reproductive organs. Worldwide, the most common cause of genital trauma in reproductive age women is injury sustained during childbirth, but in this chapter we will focus on accidental genital injuries as well as those arising from sexual violence, and female genital mutilation. While genital injuries alone rarely result in death; if not properly managed, chronic discomfort, dyspareunia, infertility, or fistula formation may result...
September 28, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117647/personality-changes-following-brain-artery-aneurysm-surgery
#14
Ljiljana Pačić-Turk, Tena Šulentić, Ana Havelka Meštrović, Josip Paladino, Goran Mrak
Neuropsychological testing of patients in the course of their recovery from brain injuries enables analysis of cognitive deficiencies and/or emotional changes. The principle study objective was to define organic and/or reactive personality changes and the course of these changes in the function of the time span following brain artery aneurysm surgery in both female and male patients. The study was carried out at the Clinical Department of Neurosurgery, Zagreb University Hospital Center in Zagreb. The data refer to the period from 1989 to 2012 collected in two time intervals, i...
December 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100538/prevalence-and-predictors-of-help-seeking-for-women-exposed-to-spousal-violence-in-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Malin Leonardsson, Miguel San Sebastian
BACKGROUND: Spousal violence against women is prevalent in India (29%). Studies from various countries have shown that few women exposed to intimate partner violence or spousal violence seek help, especially in low-income countries. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence and predictors of help-seeking among women in India who have experienced various types of spousal violence. METHODS: Cross-sectional data on 19,125 married, separated, divorced or widowed women in India who had experienced physical or sexual violence at the hands of their husbands were obtained from the India National Family Health Survey III 2005-2006...
November 3, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099341/exploring-relationships-among-occupational-safety-job-turnover-and-age-among-home-care-aides-in-maine
#16
Sandra S Butler
As the U.S. population ages, the number of people needing personal assistance in the home care setting is increasing dramatically. Personal care aides and home health workers are currently adding more jobs to the economy than any other single occupation. Home health workers face physically and emotionally challenging, and at times unsafe, work conditions, with turnover rates ranging from 44 percent to 65 percent annually. As part of a mixed-method, longitudinal study in Maine examining turnover, interviews with 252 home care aides were analyzed thematically...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097272/use-of-mental-health-services-by-adolescents-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-a
#17
Andrea R S Huebner, Amy Cassedy, Tanya M Brown, H Gerry Taylor, Terry Stancin, Michael W Kirkwood, Shari L Wade
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems are common after pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI). Many patients in need of mental health services do not receive them, but studies have not consistently used prospective and objective methods or followed samples for more than 1 year. OBJECTIVE: To examine adolescents' use of mental health services after TBI. DESIGN: Secondary analysis from multicenter prospective randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Five level 1 US trauma centers...
October 30, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096537/neurodevelopmental-disorders-in-the-picu-population
#18
Sarah A Sobotka, Sarah Peters, Neethi P Pinto
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), affecting 11% of children and adolescents, increases risk for injury and may predispose children to illness. However, the prevalence of ADHD and other developmental disorders in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) has not been previously studied. We performed a single-center, prospective cohort study of children aged 6 to 12 years who were hospitalized in the PICU from May through August 2016. Parents described their child's educational and neurodevelopmental history, and completed ADHD and emotional/behavioral disorder screening on enrollment and 1 month after discharge...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093643/labelling-facial-affect-in-context-in-adults-with-and-without-tbi
#19
Lyn S Turkstra, Sarah G Kraning, Sarah K Riedeman, Bilge Mutlu, Melissa Duff, Sara VanDenHeuvel
Recognition of facial affect has been studied extensively in adults with and without traumatic brain injury (TBI), mostly by asking examinees to match basic emotion words to isolated faces. This method may not capture affect labelling in everyday life when faces are in context and choices are open-ended. To examine effects of context and response format, we asked 148 undergraduate students to label emotions shown on faces either in isolation or in natural visual scenes. Responses were categorised as representing basic emotions, social emotions, cognitive state terms, or appraisals...
March 2017: Brain Impairment: a Multidisciplinary Journal of the Australian Society for the Study of Brain Impairment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091779/towards-a-psychopathology-specific-to-substance-use-disorder-should-emotional-responses-to-life-events-be-included
#20
Angelo G I Maremmani, Marco Maiello, Manuel Glauco Carbone, Alessandro Pallucchini, Francesca Brizzi, Iacopo Belcari, Ciro Conversano, Giulio Perugi, Icro Maremmani
INTRODUCTION: The severity of emotional responses to life events (PTSD spectrum) as part of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Substance Use Disorder (SUD) patients has often been considered from a unitary perspective. Light has also been shed on the possible definition of a specific psychopathology of SUD patients. This psychopathology has been proved to be independent of treatment choice, of being active in using substances, of lifetime psychiatric comorbidity and primary substance of abuse (heroin, alcohol, cocaine)...
October 6, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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