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Emotional Injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222689/family-centred-interventions-by-primary-healthcare-services-for-indigenous-early-childhood-wellbeing-in-australia-canada-new-zealand-and-the-united-states-a-systematic-scoping-review
#1
Janya McCalman, Marion Heyeres, Sandra Campbell, Roxanne Bainbridge, Catherine Chamberlain, Natalie Strobel, Alan Ruben
BACKGROUND: Primary healthcare services in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States have embraced the concept of family-centred care as a promising approach to supporting and caring for the health of young Indigenous children and their families. This scoping review assesses the quality of the evidence base and identifies the published literature on family- centred interventions for Indigenous early childhood wellbeing. METHODS: Fourteen electronic databases, grey literature sources and the reference lists of Indigenous maternal and child health reviews were searched to identify relevant publications from 2000 to 2015...
February 21, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222143/antidepressive-and-antinociceptive-effects-of-ethanolic-extract-and-fruticuline-a-from-salvia-lachnostachys-benth-leaves-on-rodents
#2
Joyce Alencar Santos, Ana Claudia Piccinelli, Maira Dante Formagio, Cristhian Santos Oliveira, Elide Pereira Dos Santos, Maria Élida Alves Stefanello, Ubirajara Lanza Junior, Rodrigo Juliano Oliveira, Mário Mateus Sugizaki, Cândida Aparecida Leite Kassuya
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the antidepressant and antinociceptive effects of ethanolic extract (SLEE) and pure fruticuline A obtained from Salvia lachnostachys leaves on rats and mice. METHODS: In this study, SLEE (100 mg/kg, p.o. route) was evaluated for its effects on spared nerve injury (SNI) in rats. The animals were submitted to mechanical sensitivity, forced swim (FST) and cold sensitivity tests 10 and 15 days after surgery. SLEE (100 mg/kg, p.o.) and fruticuline A (3 mg/kg, p...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221666/applying-the-unified-protocol-transdiagnostic-treatment-to-nonsuicidal-self-injury-and-co-occurring-emotional-disorders-a-case-illustration
#3
Kate H Bentley
This article presents the use of a transdiagnostic, emotion-focused treatment with a young woman with nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), social anxiety disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder. The patient also presented with subclinical depressive, posttraumatic stress, and eating disorder symptoms. The Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders (Barlow et al., 2011), a cognitive-behavioral intervention designed to be applicable across anxiety, depressive, and related disorders with strong emotional components, was used to address the range of Laura's presenting concerns...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220084/interactive-family-dynamics-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-in-psychiatric-adolescent-patients-a-single-case-study
#4
Michela Gatta, Marina Miscioscia, Marta Sisti, Ilaria Comis, Pier Antonio Battistella
Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) is a common, multifaceted phenomenon among adolescents. Recent researchers have shown that a number of psychological and psychiatric correlates are implicated in the onset/repetition of NSSI, but those previous studies did not directly observe the family interaction patterns of this clinical population. In this paper, the quality of family interactions was observed using the Lausanne Trilogue Play procedure to deepen the specific interactive dimensions associated with NSSI in adolescents...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211825/multiple-mediation-path-model-of-pain-s-cascading-influence-on-physical-disability-in%C3%A2-individuals-with-sci-from-colombia-south-america
#5
Paul B Perrin, Alejandra Morlett Paredes, Silvia Leonor Olivera, Juan Esteban Lozano, Wendy Tatiana Leal, Usman F Ahmad, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla
BACKGROUND: Research has begun to document the bivariate connections between pain in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) and various aspects of health related quality of life (HRQOL), such as fatigue, social functioning, mental health, and physical functioning. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to construct and test a theoretical path model illuminating the stage-wise and sequential (cascading) HRQOL pathways through which pain increases physical disability in individuals with SCI in a sample from Colombia, South America...
February 13, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207508/concussion-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-related-chronic-pain-in-males-and-females-a-diagnostic-modelling-study
#6
Tatyana Mollayeva, J David Cassidy, Colin M Shapiro, Shirin Mollayeva, Angela Colantonio
Pain is an unpleasant, complex, and perceived experience that places a significant burden on patients and clinicians. Its severity may be mediated by emotion, attitude, and environmental influences, and pain may be expressed differently in males and females. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is frequently associated with chronic pain. This diagnostic modeling study examined sex differences in the construct of chronic pain in patients with delayed recovery from concussion/mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).Data were collected from standardized questionnaires, neuroimaging records, and comprehensive clinical assessments...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196717/perinatal-programming-by-inflammation
#7
Sarah J Spencer, Urs Meyer
Since Levine and then Barker's seminal work mid to late last century demonstrating the importance of early life environment, intensive research has revealed the plasticity, vulnerability and resilience of the developing brain to environmental challenges. In particular, early exposure to infectious pathogens and inflammatory stimuli has a lasting impact on brain and behavior. These data establish clear effects on vulnerability to later disease and neuroinflammatory injury, cognitive function and emotionality, and even responses to pain and susceptibility to metabolic disorders...
February 11, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195956/group-based-trajectory-analysis-of-emotional-symptoms-among-survivors-after-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
Dianxu Ren, Jun Fan, Ava M Puccio, David O Okonkwo, Sue R Beers, Yvette Conley
OBJECTIVES: Depressive symptoms and anxiety are fairly common emotional outcomes after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Life satisfaction is a main factor in the general construct of subjective well-being. However, there is limited literature available on the interrelationship between emotional outcomes and life satisfaction post-severe TBI over time. The purpose of this study was to characterize distinct patterns of change in depressive symptoms, anxiety, and life satisfaction over 24 months after severe TBI and evaluate the interrelationship of different trajectory groups among them as well as associated subject characteristics...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195954/test-retest-reliability-of-traumatic-brain-injury-outcome-measures-a-traumatic-brain-injury-model-systems-study
#9
Jennifer A Bogner, Gale G Whiteneck, Jessica MacDonald, Shannon B Juengst, Allen W Brown, Angela M Philippus, Jennifer H Marwitz, Jeannie Lengenfelder, Dave Mellick, Patricia Arenth, John D Corrigan
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the test-retest reliability of measures that comprise the Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems follow-up data set. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 224 persons with a moderate-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) enrolled in the Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems National Database. DESIGN: Following standard administration of the follow-up interview, a second interview was administered 14 to 28 days later using the same interviewer and the same mode of administration...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168171/psychogenic-illness-following-vaccination-exploratory-study-of-mass-vaccination-against-pandemic-influenza-a-h1n1-in-2009-in-south-korea
#10
Tae Un Yang, Hee Jung Kim, Yeon Kyeong Lee, Young-Joon Park
PURPOSE: Adverse events during mass vaccination campaigns have had a profoundly negative impact on vaccine coverage rates. The objective of the study was to identify the characteristics of reported psychogenic illness cases following mass vaccination that needed further interventions of the national immunization program. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We collected documents that were submitted to the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for vaccine injury compensation, and analyzed cases of psychogenic illness following pandemic influenza A (H1N1) vaccination in 2009 which were confirmed by the Korean Advisory Committee on Vaccine Injury Compensation...
January 2017: Clinical and Experimental Vaccine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167305/self-reported-driving-difficulty-in-veterans-with-traumatic-brain-injury-its-central-role-in-psychological-well-being
#11
Laraine Winter, Helene J Moriarty, Thomas H Short
BACKGROUND: The ability to drive is a core function supporting independent living. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) may impair driving capacity in numerous ways. Previous research has documented that individuals with TBI have more driving-related problems than other people and has identified predictors of driving status or capacity, mostly among civilians. But no research has examined the implications of driving limitations for the well-being of individuals with TBI. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between self-reported difficulty in driving with important domains of psychological well-being in veterans with TBI, adjusting for PTSD and years since most recent TBI...
February 3, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159434/-and-if-it-happened-to-children-adapting-medical-care-during-terrorist-attacks-with-multiple-pediatric-victims
#12
L Alix-Séguin, N Lodé, G Orliaguet, E Chamorro, F Kerroué, C Lorge, A Moreira
In light of the recent terrorist attacks in Europe, we need to reconsider the organization of rescue and medical management and plan for an attack involving multiple pediatric victims. To ensure quick surgical management, but also to minimize risk for on-site teams (direct threats from secondary terrorist attacks targeting deployed emergency services), it is crucial to evacuate patients in a swift but orderly fashion. Children are vulnerable targets in terrorist attacks. Their anatomical and physiological characteristics make it likely that pediatric victims will suffer more brain injuries and require more, often advanced, airway management...
January 31, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155317/the-pattern-and-correlates-of-intimate-partner-violence-among-women-in-kano-nigeria
#13
Tanko S Tanimu, Stephen Yohanna, Suleiman Y Omeiza
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) has been increasingly recognised as a major public health and human rights problem that cuts across all populations, irrespective of social, economic, religious or cultural groups. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence, pattern and correlates of IPV among women attending the General Out Patient Clinic of Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria. It was also designed to determine the pattern of health complications associated with IPV as well as the perception of women on intimate partner violence...
November 29, 2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152466/aggressive-behavior-and-self-harm-in-borderline-personality-disorder-the-role-of-impulsivity-and-emotion-dysregulation-in-a-sample-of-outpatients
#14
Laura Terzi, Francesca Martino, Domenico Berardi, Biancamaria Bortolotti, Anna Sasdelli, Marco Menchetti
Impulsivity has often been related to aggressive and self-mutilative behavior in Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). Many authors focused on the key role of emotion dysregulation in explaining vulnerability to dysfunctional behavior in BPD in addition to trait impulsivity. Furthermore, recent works have shed light on a gap in empirical research concerning the specific mechanisms by which a lack of affective regulation produces aggression proneness. The purpose of the study was to investigate the role of impulsivity and emotion dysregulation in determining vulnerability to aggression and deliberate self-harm in a sample of BPD outpatients...
January 20, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152333/experiences-of-self-injury-and-aggression-among-women-admitted-to-forensic-psychiatric-care
#15
Heidi Selenius, Susanne Strand
BACKGROUND: Self-injury and institutional violence are well-known characteristics of female forensic psychiatric patients, but research on patients' experiences of these behaviours is limited. AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate how female forensic psychiatric patients describe their self-injury and aggression. METHODS: The authors performed qualitative in-depth interviews with 13 female forensic psychiatric inpatients. The interviews were analysed using thematic analysis...
February 2, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149091/corpus-callosum-and-neglect-syndrome-clinical-findings-after-meningioma-removal-and-anatomical-review
#16
REVIEW
David Gomes, Madalena Fonseca, Maria Garrotes, Maria Rita Lima, Marta Mendonça, Mariana Pereira, Miguel Lourenço, Edson Oliveira, José Pedro Lavrador
Two types of neglect are described: hemispatial and motivational neglect syndromes. Neglect syndrome is a neurophysiologic condition characterized by a malfunction in one hemisphere of the brain, resulting in contralateral hemispatial neglect in the absence of sensory loss and the right parietal lobe lesion being the most common anatomical site leading to it. In motivational neglect, the less emotional input is considered from the neglected side where anterior cingulate cortex harbors the most frequent lesions...
January 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147424/rehabilitation-after-cardiac-arrest-integration-of-neurologic-and-cardiac-rehabilitation
#17
Liesbeth W Boyce, Paulien H Goossens
Cognitive impairments are common after resuscitation. Severe cognitive impairments are easily recognized. Mild cognitive impairments are much more difficult to spot. Given the influence of cognitive problems in daily functioning, it is important to identify cognitive impairments at an early stage. Also, emotional problems, mainly depression and fear, are common in this group of patients. To optimize the care for patients after an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, rehabilitation should focus on the physical approach through cardiac rehabilitation and on brain injury and associated cognitive impairments...
February 2017: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147423/follow-up-of-cardiac-arrest-survivors-why-how-and-when-a-practical-approach
#18
Gisela Lilja
Cardiac arrest (CA) survivors may experience cognitive, physical, or emotional problems that can affect their return to everyday activities and quality of life. To improve long-term outcomes, interventions after hospital discharge may be needed. A follow-up plan to identify CA survivors with increased risk of residual cognitive, physical, or emotional problems is important to target interventions and support. Current recommendations suggest that follow-up should include screening of potential problems, sharing information, and relevant referrals when needed...
February 2017: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146451/training-effectiveness-of-a-wide-area-virtual-environment-in-medical-simulation
#19
Grady S Wier, Rebekah Tree, Rasha Nusr
INTRODUCTION: The success of war fighters and medical personnel handling traumatic injuries largely depends on the quality of training they receive before deployment. The purpose of this study was to gauge the utility of a Wide Area Virtual Environment (WAVE) as a training adjunct by comparing and evaluating student performance, measuring sense of realism, and assessing the impact on student satisfaction with their training exposure in an immersive versus a field environment. METHODS: This comparative prospective cohort study examined the utility of a three-screen WAVE where subjects were immersed in the training environment with medical simulators...
February 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142632/-dialectical-behavioral-therapy-for-male-adolescents-with-borderline-symptomatology
#20
Jens Heider, Anna Fleck, Christina Peteler, Sabine Anker, Susanne Lieb, Michael Behrens, Annette Schröder, Tina In-Albon, Michael Brünger
Dialectical Behavioral Therapy for Male Adolescents with Borderline Symptomatology The efficacy of Dialectical Behavior Therapy for adolescents (DBT-A) in patients with borderline symptomatology has mainly been shown in female adolescents. However, male adolescents with borderline symptoms are characterized by more aggressive, disruptive, and antisocial behavior. Therefore, the efficacy of the DBT-A has to be investigated in male adolescents. The DBT-A manual was adopted for male adolescents in an inpatient setting...
February 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
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