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Emotional Injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445561/allegations-of-failure-to-obtain-informed-consent-in-spinal-surgery-medical-malpractice-claims
#1
Jennifer Grauberger, Panagiotis Kerezoudis, Asad J Choudhry, Mohammed Ali Alvi, Ahmad Nassr, Bradford Currier, Mohamad Bydon
Importance: Predictive factors associated with increased risk of medical malpractice litigation have been identified, including severity of injury, physician sex, and error in diagnosis. However, there is a paucity of literature investigating informed consent in spinal surgery malpractice. Objective: To investigate the failure to obtain informed consent as an allegation in medical malpractice claims for patients undergoing a spinal procedure. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this retrospective cohort study, a national medicolegal database was searched for malpractice claim cases related to spinal surgery for all years available (ie, January 1, 1980, through December 31, 2015)...
April 26, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442933/drainage-of-malignant-ascites-patient-selection-and-perspectives
#2
REVIEW
Maciej Stukan
Malignant ascites (MA) is a sign of advanced cancer and poor prognosis. MA can result in impairment in quality of life (QOL) and significant symptoms. As a supportive treatment, ascites can be drained by paracentesis (PC), percutaneously implanted catheters (tunneled, untunneled, central venous catheters), or peritoneal ports, or peritoneovenous shunts. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness, safety, and patient-reported outcomes (PRO) of different drainage methods for the management of MA...
2017: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435649/improvement-in-excoriation-skin-picking-with-use-of-risperidone-in-a-patient-with-developmental-disability
#3
Cody Roi, Alessandra Bazzano
Patients with Autism Spectrum Disorder present with a heterogeneous mix of features beyond the core symptoms of the disorder. These features can be emotional, cognitive or behavioral. Behavioral symptoms often include self-injury, and this may take the form of repetitive skin-picking. The prevalence of skin-picking disorder in Autism is unknown. Skin-picking may lead to significant medical and psychosocial complications. Recent data suggest that behavioral interventions may be more effective than medications at reducing skin-picking in neurotypical patients...
March 22, 2017: Pediatric Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431032/neuropsychology-and-rehabilitation-services-in-the-united-states-brief-report-from-a-survey-of-clinical-neuropsychologists
#4
Cady Block, Octavio A Santos, Yvonne Flores-Medina, Diego Fernando Rivera Camacho, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla
Objective: To provide a brief presentation of preliminary data on rehabilitation services provided by clinical neuropsychologists within the United States. Method: This survey utilized data extracted from a larger international research study conducted in 39 countries including N = 173 professionals who reported to engage in neuropsychological rehabilitative services within the past year (63.6% female, 44.36 ± 11.83 years of age) took part in the study. Results: Neuropsychologists providing rehabilitation services in the United States in the past year were more likely to provide individual versus group therapy, likely to employ technology (e...
May 1, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426378/ostracism-and-physiological-arousal-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#5
Michelle Kelly, Skye McDonald, Jacqueline Rushby
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the psychological and physiological effects of ostracism in adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI). RESEARCH DESIGN: A within-subject, counterbalanced design was used. The two conditions, inclusion and ostracism, were examined across two groups (between subjects). METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A group of 21 adults with TBI and 17 matched controls participated in the Cyberball paradigm. This task is a computerised task that exposes participants to a game of catch and throw...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426363/social-risk-and-protective-factors-in-adolescents-reduction-and-cessation-of-alcohol-use
#6
Tyrone C Cheng, Celia C Lo
BACKGROUND: Adolescents' alcohol use is related to many health problems, injuries, and violent acts, some with fatal consequences. A gap exists in the literature discussing risk/protective factors in change from non-heavy drinking to non-drinking, and also for change from heavy drinking to non-heavy drinking or non-drinking. OBJECTIVE: This secondary study examined some risk and protective factors involved when adolescent non-heavy drinkers and adolescent heavy drinkers curb or terminate their drinking...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425776/development-of-the-aboriginal-communication-assessment-after-brain-injury-acaabi-a-screening-tool-for-identifying-acquired-communication-disorders-in-aboriginal-australians
#7
Elizabeth M Armstrong, Natalie Ciccone, Deborah Hersh, Judith Katzenellebogen, Juli Coffin, Sandra Thompson, Leon Flicker, Colleen Hayward, Deborah Woods, Meaghan McAllister
PURPOSE: Acquired communication disorders (ACD), following stroke and traumatic brain injury, may not be correctly identified in Aboriginal Australians due to a lack of linguistically and culturally appropriate assessment tools. Within this paper we explore key issues that were considered in the development of the Aboriginal Communication Assessment After Brain Injury (ACAABI) - a screening tool designed to assess the presence of ACD in Aboriginal populations. METHOD: A literature review and consultation with key stakeholders were undertaken to explore directions needed to develop a new tool, based on existing tools and recommendations for future developments...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424177/developmental-and-behavioural-associations-of-burns-and-scalds-in-children-a-prospective-population-based-study
#8
Alan Emond, Clare Sheahan, Julie Mytton, Linda Hollén
OBJECTIVE: To investigate child developmental and behavioural characteristics and risk of burns and scalds. DESIGN: Data on burns in children up to 11 years from 12 966 participants in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children were linked to developmental profiles measured before the burn injury. MEASURES: Preinjury profiles of the children derived from maternal questionnaires completed in pregnancy, and at 6, 18, 42, 47 and 54 months...
May 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422900/the-association-between-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-perceptions-of-deployment-related-injury-in-veterans-with-and-without-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#9
Nazanin H Bahraini, Lindsey L Monteith, Holly R Gerber, Jeri E Forster, Trisha A Hostetter, Lisa A Brenner
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether the association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and injury perceptions (ie, consequences, emotional representations, and coherence) differs for Veterans with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) compared with Veterans with non-TBI (ie, orthopedic). PARTICIPANTS: Eighty Veterans injured during post-9/11 deployments. DESIGN: Observational, 2×2 factorial design. MAIN MEASURES: Injury histories ascertained using the Ohio State University TBI-Identification Method and Deployment Injury Questionnaire; Injury Perception Questionnaire-Revised (injury perceptions); Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (PTSD diagnosis); and PTSD Symptom Checklist-Civilian Version (PTSD symptoms)...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421872/role-of-valued-living-and-associations-with-functional-outcome-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Celia Pais Hons, Jennie L Ponsford, Kate R Gould Clin Neuro, Dana Wong
Valued living (VL) is associated with improved enjoyment and engagement with daily activities despite negative emotional state or ongoing pain. However, the role of VL in recovery following traumatic brain injury (TBI) has yet to be investigated. This study aimed to examine changes in VL over the course of recovery and variables associated with VL. Participants with moderate-to-severe TBI were recruited from a rehabilitation hospital in three cohorts: "Early" (n = 25), "Mid" (n = 9) and "Late" (n = 36) post-TBI...
April 19, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417842/blood-injection-injury-b-i-i-specific-phobia-affects-the-outcome-of-hypoxic-challenge-testing
#11
Kristofer J Spurling, Veronica P McGoldrick
BACKGROUND: Blood-injection-injury (B-I-I) phobia is capable of producing inaccurate hypoxic challenge testing results due to anxiety-induced hyperventilation. CASE REPORT: A 69-yr-old woman with a history of hypersensitivity pneumonitis, restrictive spirometry, exercise desaturation requiring supplementary oxygen on mobilizing, reduced DLco, and B-I-I phobia was referred for hypoxic challenge testing (HCT) to assess in-flight oxygen requirements. HCT was performed by breathing a 15% FIo2 gas mixture, simulating the available oxygen in ambient air onboard aircraft pressurized to an equivalent altitude of 8000 ft...
May 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415909/detecting-coached-neuropsychological-dysfunction-a-simulation-experiment-regarding-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
Lily Lau, Michael R Basso, Eduardo Estevis, Ashley Miller, Douglas M Whiteside, Dennis Combs, Timothy J Arentsen
OBJECTIVE: Performance validity tests (PVTs) and symptom validity tests (SVTs) are often administered during neuropsychological evaluations. Examinees may be coached to avoid detection by measures of response validity. Relatively little research has evaluated whether graduated levels of coaching has differential effects upon PVT and SVT performance. Accordingly, the present experiment evaluated the effect of graduated levels of coaching upon the classification accuracy of commonly used PVTs and SVTs and the currently accepted criterion of failing two or more PVTs or SVTs...
April 18, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414503/parents-role-in-early-adolescent-self-injury-an-application-of-self-determination-theory
#13
A Ann Emery, Nancy L Heath, Maria Rogers
OBJECTIVE: We applied self-determination theory to examine a model whereby perceived parental autonomy support directly and indirectly affects nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) through difficulties in emotion regulation. METHOD: 639 participants (53% female) with a mean age of 13.38 years (SD = 0.51) completed the How I Deal with Stress Questionnaire as a screener for NSSI, the Perceptions of Parents Scale, and the Difficulties in emotion Regulation Scale. Participants who indicated having ever hurt themselves on purpose without the intent to die (n = 116, 66% female) were classified in the NSSI lifetime group...
April 17, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413442/specific-coping-strategies-moderate-the-link-between-emotion-expression-deficits-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-an-inpatient-sample-of-adolescents
#14
Kristel Thomassin, Camille Guérin Marion, Myriam Venasse, Anne Shaffer
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a behavior of increasing prevalence in adolescents with links to various negative mental health and adjustment outcomes. Poor emotion expression has been linked with NSSI use, whereas the use of adaptive coping strategies has been identified as a protective factor against NSSI. The current study examined whether specific coping strategies moderate the relation between poor emotion expression and NSSI, and whether moderation is conditional on adolescent gender...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412882/effects-of-a-behaviour-management-technique-for-nursing-staff-on-behavioural-problems-after-acquired-brain-injury
#15
Ieke Winkens, Caroline van Heugten, Climmy Pouwels, Anne-Claire Schrijnemaekers, Resi Botteram, Rudolf Ponds
The ABC method is a behaviour management technique for use by nurses. ABC refers to the identification of Antecedent events, target Behaviours, and Consequent events. In this longitudinal intervention study with double baseline measurements we evaluated the effectiveness of the ABC method in patients with behavioural problems after acquired brain injury. Fifty-six patients participated in this study. Outcome was measured in terms of overall neuropsychiatric problem behaviour, aggression, apathy and emotional burden experienced by nurses...
April 17, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410593/comparing-health-related-quality-of-life-of-dutch-and-chinese-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury-do-cultural-differences-play-a-role
#16
Maryse C Cnossen, Suzanne Polinder, Pieter E Vos, Hester F Lingsma, Ewout W Steyerberg, Yanming Sun, Pengpeng Ye, Leilei Duan, Juanita A Haagsma
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in health related quality of life (HRQoL) as an outcome measure in international trials. However, there might be differences in the conceptualization of HRQoL across different socio-cultural groups. The objectives of current study were: (I) to compare HRQoL, measured with the short form (SF)-36 of Dutch and Chinese traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients 1 year after injury and; (II) to assess whether differences in SF-36 profiles could be explained by cultural differences in HRQoL conceptualization...
April 14, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399953/social-behavior-and-impairments-in-social-cognition-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Michelle May, Maarten Milders, Bruce Downey, Maggie Whyte, Vanessa Higgins, Zuzana Wojcik, Sophie Amin, Suzanne O'Rourke
OBJECTIVES: The negative effect of changes in social behavior following traumatic brain injury (TBI) are known, but much less is known about the neuropsychological impairments that may underlie and predict these changes. The current study investigated possible associations between post-injury behavior and neuropsychological competencies of emotion recognition, understanding intentions, and response selection, that have been proposed as important for social functioning. METHODS: Forty participants with TBI and 32 matched healthy participants completed a battery of tests assessing the three functions of interest...
April 12, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397155/does-the-good-schools-toolkit-reduce-physical-sexual-and-emotional-violence-and-injuries-in-girls-and-boys-equally-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Karen M Devries, Louise Knight, Elizabeth Allen, Jenny Parkes, Nambusi Kyegombe, Dipak Naker
We aimed to investigate whether the Good School Toolkit reduced emotional violence, severe physical violence, sexual violence and injuries from school staff to students, as well as emotional, physical and sexual violence between peers, in Ugandan primary schools. We performed a two-arm cluster randomised controlled trial with parallel assignment. Forty-two schools in one district were allocated to intervention (n = 21) or wait-list control (n = 21) arms in 2012. We did cross-sectional baseline and endline surveys in 2012 and 2014, and the Good School Toolkit intervention was implemented for 18 months between surveys...
April 10, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394171/a-functional-analysis-of-two-transdiagnostic-emotion-focused-interventions-on-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#19
Kate H Bentley, Matthew K Nock, Shannon Sauer-Zavala, Bernard S Gorman, David H Barlow
OBJECTIVE: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is prevalent and associated with clinically significant consequences. Developing time-efficient and cost-effective interventions for NSSI has proven difficult given that the critical components for NSSI treatment remain largely unknown. The aim of this study was to examine the specific effects of mindful emotion awareness training and cognitive reappraisal, 2 transdiagnostic treatment strategies that purportedly address the functional processes thought to maintain self-injurious behavior, on NSSI urges and acts...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394146/solace-in-solidarity-disability-friendship-networks-buffer-well-being
#20
Arielle M Silverman, Ivan R Molton, Amanda E Smith, Mark P Jensen, Geoffrey L Cohen
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: To determine whether having friends who share one's disability experiences is associated with higher well-being, and whether these friendships buffer well-being from disability-related stressors. Research Method/Design: In 2 cross-sectional studies, adults with long-term physical disabilities identified close friends who shared their diagnosis. We assessed well-being as a function of the number of friends that participants identified in each group. Study 1 included 71 adults with legal blindness living in the United States, while Study 2 included 1,453 adults in the United States with either muscular dystrophy (MD), multiple sclerosis (MS), post-polio syndrome (PPS), or spinal cord injury (SCI)...
April 10, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
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