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Emotional Injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925716/differential-neural-activation-when-voluntarily-regulating-emotions-in-service-members-with-chronic-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#1
Michael N Dretsch, Thomas A Daniel, Adam M Goodman, Jeffrey S Katz, Thomas Denney, Gopikrishna Deshpande, Jennifer L Robinson
The objective of this study was to characterize the functional activation of the neural correlates of voluntary regulation of emotion in soldiers both with and without chronic mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and a battery of cognitive and psychological health measures, we assessed differences between active-duty U.S. soldiers with chronic mTBI (n = 37) and without (Controls, n = 35). Participants were instructed to maintain (passively view), enhance, and suppress emotions associated with negative and neutral visual stimuli...
September 19, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924493/evaluating-emotional-and-biological-sensitivity-to-maternal-behavior-among-self-injuring-and-depressed-adolescent-girls-using-nonlinear-dynamics
#2
Sheila E Crowell, Jonathan E Butner, Travis J Wiltshire, Ascher K Munion, Mona Yaptangco, Theodore P Beauchaine
High sensitivity and reactivity to behaviors of family members characterizes several forms of psychopathology, including self-inflicted injury (SII). We examined mother-daughter behavioral and psychophysiological reactivity during a conflict discussion using nonlinear dynamics to assess asymmetrical associations within time-series data. Depressed, SII, and control adolescents and their mothers participated (n=76 dyads). We expected that (1) mothers' evocative behaviors would affect behavioral and psychophysiological reactivity among depressed and, especially, SII adolescents, (2) adolescents' behaviors would not evoke mothers' behavioral or physiological reactivity, and (3) control teens and mothers would be less reactive, with no dynamic associations in either direction...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904153/imaging-and-diagnosis-of-physical-child-abuse
#3
Marlene M Johnson
Child abuse involves grave and disturbing acts of violence that can have lasting physical and emotional consequences for children and their families. The diagnosis of child abuse is emotionally difficult for those involved, and an error in judgment either way can have a detrimental effect on the health and safety of the child. Physicians rely on the skills of the imaging team to produce high-quality images that assist in differentiating inflicted injuries from accidental trauma. This article explores the significance of imaging in child abuse by discussing the types of injuries that occur and the imaging studies that aid in diagnosing physical child abuse...
September 2017: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891909/improving-emotion-regulation-following-web-based-group-intervention-for-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Theodore Tsaousides, Lisa Spielman, Maria Kajankova, Gabrielle Guetta, Wayne Gordon, Kristen Dams-OʼConnor
OBJECTIVE: Preliminary evaluation of the efficacy of a Web-based group intervention (Online EmReg) to improve emotion regulation (ER) in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: Pre-/post-within-subject design with baseline, end-of-treatment, and 12-week follow-up assessments. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-one individuals with TBI and deficits in ER. INTERVENTION: Twenty-four sessions of training in ER skills delivered by group videoconference...
September 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891907/treatments-for-emotional-issues-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#5
Dawn Neumann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890049/psychological-processes-in-chronic-pain-influences-of-reward-and-fear-learning-as-key-mechanisms-behavioral-evidence-neural-circuits-and-maladaptive-changes
#6
Frauke Nees, Susanne Becker
In the understanding of chronic pain, hypotheses derived from psychological theories, together with insights from physiological assessments and brain imaging, highlight the importance of mechanistically driven approaches. Physical system changes, for example following injury, can result in alterations of psychological processes and are accompanied by changes in corticolimbic circuits, which have been shown to be essential in emotional learning and memory, as well as reward processing and related behavior. In the present review, we thus highlight the importance of motivational, reward/pain relief, and fear learning processes in the context of chronic pain and discuss the potential of a mechanistic understanding of chronic pain within a clinical perspective, for example for the development of therapeutic strategies...
September 7, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890034/use-of-regional-scalp-block-for-pain-management-after-craniotomy-review-of-literature-and-critical-appraisal-of-evidence
#7
REVIEW
T Akhigbe, A Zolnourian
BACKGROUND: The effective management of postoperative pain have the tendency to reduce morbidity and mortality. According to International Association for the Study of Pain (I.A.S.P), pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with existing or potential tissue injury. Post-operative pain is most severe during the first 72h following surgery and is usually of limited time frame mostly. METHODS: Literature search conducted using EMBASE (1980 onwards), MEDLINE (1946 onwards) and Cochrane Central register of Controlled Trials database for systematic reviews...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888313/aftercare-survivorship-and-peer-support
#8
REVIEW
Karen Badger, Amy Acton, Pam Peterson
Burn recovery includes addressing any emotional, psychological, and social needs of the survivor and family. Providing support and resources is essential for a smooth transition from the acute phase of injury to rehabilitation and successful social and community reintegration. Priority psychosocial target areas are developing social skills, addressing body image concerns, and providing peer support. Peer support provides a unique perspective of shared experience that can instill hope and assist coping efforts of survivors and family...
October 2017: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887796/enabling-work-occupational-therapy-interventions-for-persons-with-occupational-injuries-and-diseases-a-scoping-review
#9
REVIEW
Alexa Jane T Blas, Kenneth Matthew B Beltran, Pauline Gail V Martinez, Daryl Patrick G Yao
Purpose This review aims to map the scope of published research on occupational therapy (OT) interventions and pertinent work and work-related outcomes for persons with occupational injuries and diseases. Methods The scoping review adapted Arksey and O'Malley's framework. Six electronic databases were searched. Ancestral search was also done on five systematic reviews. The search was conducted from September 2015 to October 2015. Interventions and outcomes were coded using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health Core Set for Vocational Rehabilitation to plot trends...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885358/comorbidity-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-anxiety-in-flood-survivors-prevalence-and-shared-risk-factors
#10
Wenjie Dai, Atipatsa C Kaminga, Hongzhuan Tan, Jieru Wang, Zhiwei Lai, Xin Wu, Yuan Xiong, Jing Deng, Aizhong Liu
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and anxiety are both prevalent in trauma-related populations. However, comorbidity of these 2 psychiatric disorders has not been investigated in flood survivors. This study aimed to estimate the extent to which PTSD and anxiety co-occur in flood survivors, and identify shared risk factors for PTSD only and comorbidity of PTSD and anxiety.Individuals who experienced Dongting Lake flood in 1998 were enrolled in this study using stratified and systematic random sampling method...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875527/management-of-an-uncomplicated-crown-fracture-by-re-attaching-the-fractured-fragment-case-report
#11
Josué Martos, Karoline Von Ahn Pinto, Tiago Martins Feijó Miguelis, Cristina Braga Xavier
Coronal fractures of the anterior teeth are common sequelae of traumatic dental injuries. Reattachment of fractured tooth fragments using dental adhesive techniques offers some advantages, including restoration of the function, aesthetics, shape, texture and brightness of the surface. The present report describes a clinical case of reattachment with a 4-year clinical and radiographic follow-up in a permanent maxillary central incisor with an uncomplicated crown fracture. Fragment reattachment is a conservative procedure, preserving aesthetics and functionality, and it can provide an immediate positive emotional response from the patient...
September 6, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872439/do-exercisers-with-musculoskeletal-injuries-report-symptoms-of-depression-and-stress
#12
Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Claire Gudex, Kjeld Andersen, Anders Bo Bojesen, Uffe Jørgensen
CONTEXT: Sports injuries in athletes can lead to negative emotional responses in terms of anger, anxiety, confusion, and sadness. Severe injuries can be understood as a stressful life event with increased levels of psychological distress, but injury assessment and rehabilitation typically focuses on somatic symptoms. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of depression and emotional stress, and measure self-rated health in regular exercisers presenting to a sports medicine clinic with musculoskeletal injury...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870419/healthy-body-healthy-mind-a-mixed-methods-study-of-outcomes-barriers-and-supports-for-exercise-by-people-who-have-chronic-moderate-to-severe-acquired-brain-injury
#13
Laura S Lorenz, Ann L Charrette, Therese M O'Neil-Pirozzi, Julia M Doucett, Jeffrey Fong
BACKGROUND: Few people with chronic moderate-to-severe brain injury are following recommended physical activity guidelines. OBJECTIVE: Investigate effects of planned, systematic physical activity while cultivating social and emotional well-being of people with chronic moderate-to-severe brain injury. HYPOTHESIS: Moderate-to-intensive physical activity would be associated with improvements in impairment and activity limitation measures (endurance, mobility, gait speed) immediately post-intervention and six weeks later (study week 12)...
August 24, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861709/a-nociceptive-stress-model-of-adolescent-physical-abuse-induces-contextual-fear-and-cingulate-nociceptive-neuroplasticities
#14
Brent A Vogt, Leslie J Vogt, Robert W Sikes
Adolescent physical abuse impairs emotional development and evokes cingulate pathologies, but its neuronal and circuit substrates are unknown. Conditioning adolescent rabbits with noxious colorectal distension for only 2 h over 3 weeks simulated the human child abuse in amplitude, frequency, and duration. Thermal withdrawal thresholds were unchanged suggesting that sensitized spinal mechanisms may not be operable. Unchanged weight, stools, colorectal histology, and no evidence of abdominal pain argue against tissue injury or irritable bowel syndrome...
August 31, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861653/behavioral-phenotype-of-asd-preschoolers-with-gastrointestinal-symptoms-or-food-selectivity
#15
Margherita Prosperi, Elisa Santocchi, Giulia Balboni, Antonio Narzisi, Margherita Bozza, Francesca Fulceri, Fabio Apicella, Roberta Igliozzi, Angela Cosenza, Raffaella Tancredi, Sara Calderoni, Filippo Muratori
This study investigated the prevalence and type of gastrointestinal (GI) and food selectivity (FS) symptoms in 163 preschoolers with ASD, and their possible links with core ASD features and emotional/behavioural problems. 40.5% of children with ASD had at least one severe GI symptom or FS. Preschoolers with and without GI symptoms and with and without FS were significantly different on several emotional/behavioural problems and restrictive/repetitive behaviours, whereas they did not differ significantly on performance IQ and autistic severity...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860331/the-screening-and-management-of-pituitary-dysfunction-following-traumatic-brain-injury-in-adults-british-neurotrauma-group-guidance
#16
REVIEW
Chin Lik Tan, Seyed Alireza Alavi, Stephanie E Baldeweg, Antonio Belli, Alan Carson, Claire Feeney, Anthony P Goldstone, Richard Greenwood, David K Menon, Helen L Simpson, Andrew A Toogood, Mark Gurnell, Peter J Hutchinson
Pituitary dysfunction is a recognised, but potentially underdiagnosed complication of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Post-traumatic hypopituitarism (PTHP) can have major consequences for patients physically, psychologically, emotionally and socially, leading to reduced quality of life, depression and poor rehabilitation outcome. However, studies on the incidence of PTHP have yielded highly variable findings. The risk factors and pathophysiology of this condition are also not yet fully understood. There is currently no national consensus for the screening and detection of PTHP in patients with TBI, with practice likely varying significantly between centres...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851991/upregulation-of-prefrontal-metabotropic-glutamate-receptor-5-mediates-neuropathic-pain-and-negative-mood-symptoms-after-spinal-nerve-injury-in-rats
#17
Geehoon Chung, Chae Young Kim, Yeong-Chan Yun, Sang Ho Yoon, Myoung-Hwan Kim, Yu Kyeong Kim, Sang Jeong Kim
Patients with chronic pain easily accompany the negative mood symptoms such as depression and anxiety, and these disturbances in turn affect the aversive perception of pain. However, the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. We hypothesized that the alteration of metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) in the brain region underlies such a comorbidity of aversive states. We scanned the brain of chronic neuropathic pain model rats using positron emission tomography (PET) technique with an mGluR5-selective radiotracer [11C] ABP688 and found various brain regions with higher or lower level of mGluR5 compared to control rats...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846988/emotional-reactivity-in-a-clinical-sample-of-patients-with-eating-disorders-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#18
Kathryn E Smith, Nicole A Hayes, Denise M Styer, Jason J Washburn
Emotional reactivity is theorized to contribute to both eating disorders (ED) and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). Although EDs and NSSI frequently co-occur, no study has examined emotional reactivity in individuals with both conditions. This study examined the following hypotheses in a large clinical sample (N = 648): (1) patients with co-occurring ED and NSSI would report higher emotional reactivity and more severe clinical characteristics; (2) among those with EDs, patients with bulimia nervosa (BN) would be more likely to report NSSI and evidence higher emotional reactivity compared to those with anorexia nervosa (AN); and (3) higher emotional reactivity would be associated with worse treatment outcomes...
August 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845345/the-deployment-life-study-longitudinal-analysis-of-military-families-across-the-deployment-cycle
#19
Sarah O Meadows, Terri Tanielian, Benjamin Karney, Terry Schell, Beth Ann Griffin, Lisa H Jaycox, Esther M Friedman, Thomas E Trail, Robin Beckman, Rajeev Ramchand, Natalie Hengstebeck, Wendy M Troxel, Lynsay Ayer, Christine Anne Vaughan
In 2009, RAND launched the Deployment Life Study, a longitudinal study of military families across a deployment cycle in order to assess family readiness. Family readiness refers to the state of being prepared to effectively navigate the challenges of daily living experienced in the unique context of military service. The study surveyed families at frequent intervals throughout a complete deployment cycle---before a service member deploys (sometimes months before), during the actual deployment, and after the service member returns (possibly a year or more after she or he redeployed)...
January 2017: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844425/amygdala-activation-as-a-marker-for-selective-attention-toward-neutral-faces-in-a-chronic-traumatic-brain-injury-population
#20
Leanne R Young, Weikei Yu, Michael Holloway, Barry N Rodgers, Sandra B Chapman, Daniel C Krawczyk
There has been great interest in characterizing the response of the amygdala to emotional faces, especially in the context of social cognition. Although amygdala activation is most often associated with fearful or angry stimuli, there is considerable evidence that the response of the amygdala to neutral faces is both robust and reliable. This characteristic of amygdala function is of particular interest in the context of assessing populations with executive function deficits, such as traumatic brain injuries, which can be evaluated using fMRI attention modulation tasks that evaluate prefrontal control over representations, notably faces...
August 24, 2017: Neuropsychologia
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