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Emotional Injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646684/the-relationship-between-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-alexithymia-in-borderline-personality-disorder-actions-instead-of-words
#1
Ellen Sleuwaegen, Marlies Houben, Laurence Claes, Ann Berens, Bernard Sabbe
INTRODUCTION: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a serious mental illness that centers on the inability to effectively regulate emotions. A large amount of BPD patients engage in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Given the NSSI contributes to serious health risks, it is important to know why some BPD patients engage in NSSI and others do not. A possible associated factor of NSSI in BPD may be alexithymia, which reflects difficulties in identifying and communicating feelings. Therefore the aim of the present study was to investigate whether NSSI was associated with alexithymia and whether this association still stood when controlling for gender and depression...
June 15, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644927/testing-an-integrative-model-of-affect-regulation-and-avoidance-in-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-disordered-eating
#2
Nicholas L Anderson, Kathryn E Smith, Tyler B Mason, Janis H Crowther
This research tested a model that integrates risk factors among NSSI and eating disorder (ED) behaviors to elucidate possible shared and unique mechanisms underlying both behaviors. Emotional distress, limited access to emotion regulation (ER) strategies, avoidance, and NSSI/ED frequency were examined in a sample of 230 female undergraduates. Structural equation modeling indicated that emotional distress had direct and positive associations with limited access to ER strategies and avoidance, and limited access to ER strategies mediated the relationship between emotional distress and avoidance...
June 23, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637150/family-matters-compensable-injury-and-the-effect-on-family
#3
Agnieszka Kosny, Sharon Newnam, Alex Collie
PURPOSE: It is well acknowledged that involvement in injury compensation processes can have a substantial impact on the recovery of the injured person. However, little attention has been given to the social or family consequences of compensable injury. The aims of this study were to better understand both the impact of compensable injury on the family and the role that families play after an injury, throughout the compensation process, and during return to work. METHODS: Eighteen injured persons and nine family members recruited through three compensation authorities in Victoria (Australia) were interviewed...
February 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637138/psychometric-properties-of-persian-version-of-the-caregiver-burden-scale-in-iranian-caregivers-of-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury
#4
Ata Farajzadeh, Malahat Akbarfahimi, Saman Maroufizadeh, Hamid Reza Rostami, Amir Hassan Kohan
PURPOSE: To investigate the psychometric properties of the Persian version of Caregiver Burden Scale (CBS) in caregivers of patients with spinal cord injury. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. After a forward-backward translation, the CBS was administered to 110 caregivers of patients with spinal cord injury (men = 60, women = 50). Factor structure was evaluated by confirmatory factor analysis. The Internal consistency and test-retest reliability of the CBS were examined using Cronbach's α and the intraclass correlation coefficient, respectively...
February 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628767/multi-modal-neuroimaging-of-adolescents-with-non-suicidal-self-injury-amygdala-functional-connectivity
#5
Melinda Westlund Schreiner, Bonnie Klimes-Dougan, Bryon A Mueller, Lynn E Eberly, Kristina M Reigstad, Patricia A Carstedt, Kathleen M Thomas, Ruskin H Hunt, Kelvin O Lim, Kathryn R Cullen
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a significant mental health problem among adolescents. Research is needed to clarify the neurobiology of NSSI and identify candidate neurobiological targets for interventions. Based on prior research implicating heightened negative affect and amygdala hyperactivity in NSSI, we pursued a systems approach to characterize amygdala functional connectivity networks during rest (resting-state functional connectivity [RSFC)]) and a task (task functional connectivity [TFC]) in adolescents with NSSI...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622486/the-physiological-basis-of-cervical-facet-mediated-persistent-pain-basic-science-and-clinical-challenges
#6
Meagan E Ita, Sijia Zhang, Timothy P Holsgrove, Sonia Kartha, Beth A Winkelstein
Synopsis Chronic neck pain is common and a primary clinical symptom of whiplash and other spinal injuries. Loading-induced neck injuries produce abnormal kinematics between the vertebrae, with the potential to injure facet joints and the afferent fibers that innervate the specific joint tissues, including the capsular ligament. Mechanoreceptive and nociceptive afferents that innervate the facet have their peripheral terminals in the capsule, cell bodies in the dorsal root ganglia, and terminal processes in the spinal cord...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602116/rehabilitation-goal-setting-with-community-dwelling-adults-with-acquired-brain-injury-a-theoretical-framework-derived-from-clinicians-reflections-on-practice
#7
Sarah Prescott, Jennifer Fleming, Emmah Doig
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore clinicians' experiences of implementing goal setting with community dwelling clients with acquired brain injury, to develop a goal setting practice framework. METHOD: Grounded theory methodology was employed. Clinicians, representing six disciplines across seven services, were recruited and interviewed until theoretical saturation was achieved. A total of 22 clinicians were interviewed. RESULTS: A theoretical framework was developed to explain how clinicians support clients to actively engage in goal setting in routine practice...
June 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601695/thoughts-images-and-appraisals-associated-with-acting-and-not-acting-on-the-urge-to-self-injure
#8
Peter M McEvoy, Sarra Hayes, Penelope A Hasking, Clare S Rees
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the frequency, content, and appraisals of thoughts and images occurring during urges to engage in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). METHOD: Undergraduates (N = 154) with a history of NSSI completed an online survey of their thoughts, images, and appraisals when they acted on urges to engage in NSSI as well as when they resisted urges to self-injure. RESULTS: Most (>90%) participants reported experiencing both thoughts and images during urges to engage in NSSI...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589735/prospective-memory-rehabilitation-using-smartphones-in-patients-with-tbi
#9
Lars Evald
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of a prospective memory aid that combines smartphones with Internet-based calendars among community-dwelling patients with traumatic brain injury. METHOD: An uncontrolled pre- and post-assessment design was employed to study the use of unmodified, low-cost, off-the-shelf smartphones combined with Internet-calendars as a compensatory memory strategy in community-dwelling patients with traumatic brain injury...
June 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587863/the-mediating-effect-of-depressive-symptoms-on-the-relationship-between-bullying-victimization-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-among-adolescents-findings-from-community-and-inpatient-mental-health-settings-in-ontario-canada
#10
Philip Baiden, Shannon L Stewart, Barbara Fallon
Although bullying victimization has been linked to a number of behavioral and emotional problems among adolescents, few studies have investigate the mechanism through which bullying victimization affect non-suicidal self-injury. The objectives of this study were to examine the effect of bullying victimization on non-suicidal self-injury and the mediating effect of depressive symptoms on the relationship between bullying victimization and non-suicidal self-injury among adolescents. Data for this study came from the interRAI Child and Youth Mental Health dataset...
May 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584731/experience-based-human-perception-of-facial-expressions-in-barbary-macaques-macaca-sylvanus
#11
Laëtitia Maréchal, Xandria Levy, Kerstin Meints, Bonaventura Majolo
BACKGROUND: Facial expressions convey key cues of human emotions, and may also be important for interspecies interactions. The universality hypothesis suggests that six basic emotions (anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness, and surprise) should be expressed by similar facial expressions in close phylogenetic species such as humans and nonhuman primates. However, some facial expressions have been shown to differ in meaning between humans and nonhuman primates like macaques. This ambiguity in signalling emotion can lead to an increased risk of aggression and injuries for both humans and animals...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582459/traumatic-injury-and-perceived-injustice-fault-attributions-matter-in-a-no-fault-compensation-state
#12
Liane J Ioannou, Peter A Cameron, Stephen J Gibson, Belinda J Gabbe, Jennie Ponsford, Paul A Jennings, Carolyn A Arnold, Stella M Gwini, Nellie Georgiou-Karistianis, Melita J Giummarra
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injury can lead to loss, suffering and feelings of injustice. Previous research has shown that perceived injustice is associated with poorer physical and mental wellbeing in persons with chronic pain. This study aimed to identify the relative association between injury, compensation and pain-related characteristics and perceived injustice 12-months after traumatic injury. METHODS: 433 participants were recruited from the Victorian Orthopedic Trauma Outcomes Registry and Victorian State Trauma Registry, and completed questionnaires at 12-14 months after injury as part of an observational cohort study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581538/from-traumatic-events-and-dissociation-to-body-image-and-depression-symptoms-in-search-of-self-destruction-syndrome-in-adolescents-who-engage-in-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#13
Wioletta Radziwiłłowicz, Magdalena Lewandowska
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to analyze relationships between the variables: severity of depression symptoms, feelings towards one's own body, dissociation, the number and type of traumatic life events experienced by adolescents who engage in deliberate self-injury and are psychiatrically hospitalized. METHODS: We examined 60 patients aged 13-17 (M = 15.48, SD = 1.19). More than a half (55%) were diagnosed with a mixed disturbance of emotions and conduct, 23...
April 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560199/emotional-intelligence-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-sci
#14
Hooshang Saberi, Mahsa Ghajarzadeh
BACKGROUND: Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) is a devastating situation. Spinal Cord Injury affects functional, psychological and socioeconomic aspects of patients' lives. The ability to accomplish and explicate the one's own and other's feelings and emotions to spread over appropriate information for confirming thoughts and actions is defined as emotional intelligence (EI). The goal of this study was to evaluate depression and EI in SCI patients in comparison with healthy subjects. METHODS: One-hundred-ten patients with SCI and 80 healthy subjects between Aug 2014 and Aug 2015 were enrolled...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557484/understanding-the-early-support-needs-of-survivors-of-traumatic-events-the-example-of-severe-injury-survivors
#15
Rachel M Brand, Katherine Chisholm, Sonia Terhaag, Winnie Lau, David Forbes, Alex Holmes, Meaghan O'Donnell
OBJECTIVE: In the aftermath of a potentially traumatic event, people may experience a range of mental health outcomes, including subclinical symptoms and distress. There is growing evidence that trauma survivors with subclinical symptoms are at increased risk of developing later psychiatric disorders, and this is especially the case with severe injury survivors. There is a need to develop evidence-based, early, brief interventions for those who are at risk of developing trauma-related psychopathology...
May 29, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557478/assessment-of-emotion-processing-skills-in-acquired-brain-injury-using-an-ability-based-test-of-emotional-intelligence
#16
Sarah E Hall, Joanne M Wrench, Sarah J Wilson
Social and emotional problems are commonly reported after moderate to severe acquired brain injury (ABI) and pose a significant barrier to rehabilitation. However, progress in assessment of emotional skills has been limited by a lack of validated measurement approaches. This study represents the first formal psychometric evaluation of the use of the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT) V2.0 as a tool for assessing skills in perceiving, using, understanding and managing emotions following ABI...
May 29, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555056/functional-coping-dynamics-and-experiential-avoidance-in-a-community-sample-with-no-self-injury-vs-non-suicidal-self-injury-only-vs-those-with-both-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicidal-behaviour
#17
Emma Nielsen, Kapil Sayal, Ellen Townsend
Although emotional avoidance may be a critical factor in the pathway from psychological distress to self-injury and/or suicidality, little is known about the relative importance of differing functional coping dynamics and experiential avoidance between people with self-injury histories of differing intent (e.g., Non-Suicidal Self-Injury only vs. Non-Suicidal Self-Injury plus Suicidal Behaviour; NSSI vs. NSSI + SB). A community-based survey (N = 313; female, 81%; ages 16-49 years, M = 19.78, SD = 3.48) explored self-reported experiential avoidance and functional coping dynamics in individuals with (i) no self-injury history (controls); (ii) a history of NSSI only; and (iii) a history of NSSI + SB...
May 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554343/quantifying-respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia-effects-of-misspecifying-breathing-frequencies-across-development
#18
Tiffany M Shader, Lisa M Gatzke-Kopp, Sheila E Crowell, M Jamila Reid, Julian F Thayer, Michael W Vasey, Carolyn Webster-Stratton, Ziv Bell, Theodore P Beauchaine
Low resting respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), and to a lesser extent excessive RSA reactivity to emotion evocation, are observed in many psychiatric disorders characterized by emotion dysregulation, including syndromes spanning the internalizing and externalizing spectra, and other conditions such as nonsuicidal self-injury. Nevertheless, some inconsistencies exist. For example, null outcomes in studies of RSA-emotion dysregulation relations are sometimes observed among younger participants. Such findings may derive from use of age inappropriate frequency bands in calculating RSA...
May 30, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552292/a-safe-haven-for-the-injured-urban-trauma-care-at-the-intersection-of-healthcare-law-enforcement-and-race
#19
Sara F Jacoby, Therese S Richmond, Daniel N Holena, Elinore J Kaufman
Patients with traumatic injuries often interact with police before and during hospitalization, particularly when their injuries are due to violence. People of color are at highest risk for violent injuries and have the poorest outcomes after injury. The purpose of this study was to describe how injured, Black patients perceived their interactions with police and what these perceptions reveal about police involvement within trauma care systems. We combined data from two qualitative studies to achieve this aim...
May 18, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544943/prevalence-of-nonsuicidal-self-injury-and-its-risk-and-protective-factors-among-adolescents-in-taiwan
#20
Min-Pei Lin, Jianing You, Yaxuan Ren, Jo Yung-Wei Wu, Wei-Hsuan Hu, Cheng-Fang Yen, Xu Zhang
The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in a large representative sample of secondary school students and identified the psychosocial risk and protective factors. Using a cross-sectional design, 2170 participants were recruited from senior high schools throughout Taiwan using both stratified and cluster sampling. The one-year prevalence of NSSI was found to be 20.1%. Results suggested that compared to non-injurers, episodic self-injurers reported higher levels of neuroticism and openness, while repetitive self-injurers reported higher levels of neuroticism, openness, avoidance/emotion-focused coping, and virtual social support, and lower levels of self-esteem and cognitive reconstruction/problem-focused coping...
May 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
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