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Emotional Injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778052/self-reported-nonsuicidal-self-injury-nssi-and-sex-as-self-injury-sasi-relationship-to-abuse-risk-behaviors-trauma-symptoms-self-esteem-and-attachment
#1
Maria Zetterqvist, Carl Göran Svedin, Cecilia Fredlund, Gisela Priebe, Marie Wadsby, Linda S Jonsson
This study focuses on a conceptually unexplored behavior among adolescents who report deliberately using sex as a means of self-injury. In a large high school-based sample (n = 5743), adolescents who engaged in sex as self-injury (SASI, n = 43) were compared to adolescents who reported direct nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI, n = 933) and those who reported both NSSI and SASI (n = 82). Results showed that significantly more adolescents with SASI had experience of penetrating sexual abuse, as well as more sexual partners compared to those with NSSI...
May 7, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776480/concussion-symptom-prevalence-severity-and-trajectory-implications-for-nursing-practice
#2
Gail Macartney, Valérie Simoncic, Kristian Goulet, Mary Aglipay
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the symptom severity and trajectory in concussed children who were followed during a one year period at a concussion clinic. DESIGN AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was completed to describe the symptom trajectory up to three months during the recovery. RESULTS: One hundred and thirty-six patients were included (74 female, 62 male) with a median age of 15.4years (range 13-17). The most common mechanisms of injury included: falls (19...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775872/adolescents-motives-for-selling-sex-in-a-welfare-state-a-swedish-national-study
#3
Cecilia Fredlund, Örjan Dahlström, Carl Göran Svedin, Marie Wadsby, Linda S Jonsson, Gisela Priebe
In addition to money or other compensation, other motives for selling sex may be important in a welfare country such as Sweden. The aim of this study was to carry out an exploratory investigation of adolescents' motives for selling sex in a population-based survey in Sweden. A total of 5839 adolescents from the third year of Swedish high school, mean age 18.0 years, participated in the study. The response rate was 59.7% and 51 students (0.9%) reported having sold sex. Exploratory factor analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis were used to identify groups of adolescents according to underlying motives for selling sex...
May 15, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771763/recognizing-diagnosing-and-preventing-child-maltreatment-an-update-for-pediatric-clinicians
#4
Fiona Danaher, Andrea Vandeven, Aine Blanchard, Alice W Newton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite an increasing understanding of the impact of emotional trauma and physical abuse on children, clinicians and hospitals still sometimes miss the diagnosis of abuse. The literature in 2017 focused on creating standardized approaches to recognition and diagnosis of physical abuse and occult injury, including using the electronic medical record to provide triggers for consultation of the hospital Child Protection Program. The American College of Radiology updated their standardized approach to the evaluation of physical abuse in the child, and other authors gave us screening tools for commercial exploitation, as well as guidance about how to recognize risks for emotional abuse in families...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767229/usability-of-world-health-organization-disability-assessment-schedule-in-chronic-traumatic-brain-injury
#5
Sinikka Tarvonen-Schröder, Olli Tenovuo, Anne Kaljonen, Katri Laimi
OBJECTIVES: To investigate functioning measured with the 12-item World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0) in patients with mild, moderate and severe traumatic brain injury, and to compare patients' experiences with assessments made by their significant others and by consultant neurologists. METHODS: A total of 112 consecutive patients with traumatic brain injury (29 mild, 43 moderate, 40 severe) and their significant others completed a 12-item WHODAS 2...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761112/takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-mimicking-stent-thrombosis-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#6
Furqan Khattak, Muhammad Khalid, Ghulam Murtaza, Timir K Paul
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, also known as "broken heart syndrome," is a transient left ventricular dysfunction associated with stress (usually emotional) induced myocardial injury and stunning. It often presents as myocardial infarction on surface electrocardiogram (EKG). Diagnosis is made by coronary angiography, which rules out coronary artery disease and shows pathognomonic apical ballooning. In this article, we present a case of a 72-year-old woman who initially presented with an ST segment elevation myocardial infarction on EKG...
January 2018: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759920/dysphonia-perceived-control-and-psychosocial-distress-a-qualitative-study
#7
Stephanie Misono, Caroline Haut, Liza Meredith, Patricia A Frazier, Ali Stockness, Deirdre D Michael, Lisa Butcher, Eileen M Harwood
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine relationships between psychological factors, particularly perceived control, and voice symptoms in adults seeking treatment for a voice problem. METHODS: Semistructured interviews of adult patients with a clinical diagnosis of muscle tension dysphonia were conducted and transcribed. Follow-up interviews were conducted as needed for further information or clarification. A multidisciplinary team analyzed interview content using inductive techniques...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757778/a-contemporary-analysis-of-medicolegal-issues-in-obstetric-anesthesia-between-2005-and-2015
#8
Vesela P Kovacheva, Ethan Y Brovman, Penny Greenberg, Ellen Song, Arvind Palanisamy, Richard D Urman
BACKGROUND: Detailed reviews of closed malpractice claims have provided insights into the most common events resulting in litigation and helped improve anesthesia care. In the past 10 years, there have been multiple safety advancements in the practice of obstetric anesthesia. We investigated the relationship among contributing factors, patient injuries, and legal outcome by analyzing a contemporary cohort of closed malpractice claims where obstetric anesthesiology was the principal defendant...
May 10, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752492/novel-antidepressant-effects-of-paeonol-alleviate-neuronal-injury-with-concomitant-alterations-in-bdnf-rac1-and-rhoa-levels-in-chronic-unpredictable-mild-stress-rats
#9
Xiu-Ling Zhu, Jing-Jing Chen, Fei Han, Chuan Pan, Ting-Ting Zhuang, Ya-Fei Cai, Ya-Ping Lu
RATIONALE: Increasing evidence has suggested that major depressive disorder (MDD) is highly associated with brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels, dendrites atrophy, and loss of dendritic spines, especially in emotion-associated brain regions including the hippocampus. Paeonol is a kind of polyphenols natural product with a variety of therapeutic effects. Recent studies have reported its antidepressant effects. However, it is unclear what signaling pathways contribute to improve MDD...
May 12, 2018: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749715/altered-resting-state-hippocampal-and-caudate-functional-networks-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#10
Xiaopeng Song, Bhaswati Roy, Daniel W Kang, Ravi S Aysola, Paul M Macey, Mary A Woo, Frisca L Yan-Go, Ronald M Harper, Rajesh Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Brain structural injury and metabolic deficits in the hippocampus and caudate nuclei may contribute to cognitive and emotional deficits found in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients. If such contributions exist, resting-state interactions of these subcortical sites with cortical areas mediating affective symptoms and cognition should be disturbed. Our aim was to examine resting-state functional connectivity (FC) of the hippocampus and caudate to other brain areas in OSA relative to control subjects, and to relate these changes to mood and neuropsychological scores...
May 10, 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745625/assessment-of-neurogenic-bowel-dysfunction-impact-after-spinal-cord-injury-using-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health
#11
Jennifer M Pires, Ana M Ferreira, Filipa Rocha, Luis G Andrade, Inês Campos, Paulo Margalho, Jorge Laíns
BACKGROUND: Bowel function is frequently compromised after spinal cord injury (SCI). Regardless of this crucial importance in patients' lives, there is still scarce literature on the Neurogenic Bowel Dysfunction (NBD) deleterious impact on SCI patient's lives and only few studies correlating NBD severity with quality of life (QoL). To our knowledge there are no studies assessing the impact of NBD on the context of ICF domains. AIM: To assess NBD after SCI using ICF domains and to assess its impact in QoL...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740365/the-use-of-virtual-reality-to-facilitate-mindfulness-skills-training-in-dialectical-behavioral-therapy-for-spinal-cord-injury-a-case-study
#12
Araceli Flores, Marsha M Linehan, S Rob Todd, Hunter G Hoffman
Introduction: Paralysis from a spinal cord injury (SCI) increases risk of psychological problems including suicide attempts, substance use disorder, negative emotions (e.g., anger), depression, anxiety, ASD/PTSD. Dialectical Behavioral Therapy® (DBT®) has been shown to be effective for treating similar psychological symptoms in non-SCI patient populations. The current study explored for the first time, the feasibility and clinical potential of using Immersive Virtual Reality (VR) enhanced DBT® Mindfulness skills training to help reduce psychological symptoms (negative emotions and anxiety, ASD/PTSD) of two patients with SCI...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738636/executive-function-as-a-risk-factor-for-incisor-trauma
#13
Jillian M Nyquist, Ceib Phillips, Margot Stein, Lorne D Koroluk
BACKGROUND/AIM: Executive function is the ability to guide behavior to achieve goals or complete tasks. This study explored the relationship between executive function, as assessed by the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function Parent Form Questionnaire (BRIEF® ) and incisor trauma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study included children in the mixed dentition with recent incisor trauma (n=28) and a control group (n=30) without recent incisor trauma. Subjects' parents completed the BRIEF® , while a clinical examination assessed subjects' occlusal relationships...
May 8, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738554/repeated-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-can-cause-acute-neurologic-impairment-without-overt-structural-damage-in-juvenile-rats
#14
Alicia Meconi, Ryan C Wortman, David K Wright, Katie J Neale, Melissa Clarkson, Sandy R Shultz, Brian R Christie
Repeated concussion is becoming increasingly recognized as a serious public health concern around the world. Moreover, there is a greater awareness amongst health professionals of the potential for repeated pediatric concussions to detrimentally alter the structure and function of the developing brain. To better study this issue, we developed an awake closed head injury (ACHI) model that enabled repeated concussions to be performed reliably and reproducibly in juvenile rats. A neurological assessment protocol (NAP) score was generated immediately after each ACHI to help quantify the cumulative effects of repeated injury on level of consciousness, and basic motor and reflexive capacity...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738275/psychiatric-diagnoses-of-children-affected-by-their-parents-traumatic-brain-injury-the-1987-finnish-birth-cohort-study
#15
Lotta Kinnunen, Mika Niemelä, Helinä Hakko, Jouko Miettunen, Marko Merikukka, Vesa Karttunen, Tiina Ristikari, Mika Gissler, Sami Räsänen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether parental TBI increases the overall risk for psychiatric disorders and the risk for specific psychiatric diagnoses in the children affected by parental TBI. METHODS: The 1987 Finnish Birth Cohort (n = 59 476) were followed up through national registers from birth to the end of 2008. The diagnoses of cohort members and their parents were obtained from the Care Register of Health Care, provided by the National Institute of Health and Welfare...
May 8, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733775/what-determines-low-satisfaction-with-life-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury
#16
Sherri L LaVela, Bella Etingen, Scott Miskevics, Allen W Heinemann
OBJECTIVE: To examine variables associated with satisfaction with life (SWL) in individuals with a spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional, national survey to assess SWL, demographic and injury characteristics, health care utilization, chronic conditions (obesity, diabetes, heart problems, lung problems, hypertension, high cholesterol), symptoms (poor sleep, pain, depression), social support, grief/loss, and independence. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling Veterans with SCI...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733268/spiritual-well-being-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-study-from-iran
#17
Marzieh Hajiaghababaei, Hooshang Saberi, Parvin Rahnama, Ali Montazeri
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between spiritual well-being and health-related quality of life (QOL) among patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Brain and SCI Research Center, Neuroscience Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. A sample of patients with SCI participated in the study and completed two questionnaires: the Short-Form 36-Item Health Survey (SF-36) in order to collect data on vitality, social functioning, mental health and role emotional and the Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS) to measure religious and existential well-being...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732237/measuring-acquired-capability-for-suicide-within-an-ideation-to-action-framework
#18
Taylor A Burke, Brooke A Ammerman, Anne C Knorr, Lauren B Alloy, Michael S McCloskey
Objective: Despite the large literature on risk factors for suicide-related outcomes, few studies have examined risk for acting on suicidal thoughts among suicide ideators. The current study aimed to fill this gap by examining the role of acquired capability, as well as its hypothesized facilitator, painful and provocative events (PPEs), as motivators for behavior among individuals along the suicide continuum. Method: Undergraduates reporting suicidal ideation, suicide plans, suicide attempts without intent to die, or suicide attempts with intent to die (N=546) completed a measure of acquired capability for suicide, as well as assessments of exposure to PPEs...
March 2018: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718076/clinical-neuropsychology-in-integrated-rehabilitation-care-teams
#19
Doug Johnson-Greene
Neuropsychologists have been an integral part of rehabilitation-oriented integrated care teams for some time and they provide care that is complimentary to other specialties, such as rehabilitation psychologists. Neuropsychologists are more likely than other specialties to offer objective cognitive data that includes consideration of emotional and behavioral features when assessing patients who have known or suspected brain injury or illness. Objective cognitive data is then often used for treatment and discharge planning as well as anticipating safety issues and impairment of functional skills...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717652/training-in-goal-oriented-attentional-self-regulation-improves-executive-functioning-in-veterans-with-chronic-tbi
#20
Tatjana Novakovic-Agopian, Erica S Kornblith, Gary Abrams, Joaquin Burciaga-Rosales, Fred Loya, Mark D'Esposito, Anthony J-W Chen
Deficits in executive control functions are some of the most common and disabling consequences of both military and civilian brain injury. However, effective interventions are scant. The goal of this study was to assess whether cognitive rehabilitation training that was successfully applied in chronic civilian brain injury would be effective for military Veterans with TBI. In a prior study, participants with chronic acquired brain injury significantly improved after training in goal-oriented attentional self-regulation (GOALS) on measures of attention/executive function, functional task performance, and goal-directed control over neural processing on fMRI...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
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