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Emotional Injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748496/huperzine-a-alleviates-neuroinflammation-oxidative-stress-and-improves-cognitive-function-after-repetitive-traumatic-brain-injury
#1
Zhengrong Mei, Peiying Zheng, Xiangping Tan, Ying Wang, Bing Situ
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) may trigger secondary injury cascades including endoplasmic reticulum stress, oxidative stress, and neuroinflammation. Unfortunately, there are no effective treatments targeting either primary or secondary injuries that result in long-term detrimental consequences. Huperzine A (HupA) is a potent acetylcholinesterase inhibitor (AChEI) that has been used treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). This study aimed to explore the neuroprotective effects of HupA in TBI and its possible mechanisms...
July 26, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745388/suicidal-ideation-and-self-injurious-behavior-in-adolescents-with-eating-disorders
#2
Olalla Varela-Besteiro, Eduardo Serrano-Troncoso, Virginia Rodríguez-Vicente, Marta Curet-Santisteban, Gemma Conangla-Roselló, Raquel Cecilia-Costa, Marta Carulla-Roig, Josep L Matalí-Costa, Montserrat Dolz-Abadia
INTRODUCTION: The presence of suicidal thoughts and self-injurious behaviors in patients with eating disorders (ED) is well-known; however, this association is currently not defined empirically. The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence of suicidal ideation and self-harm in adolescents with eating disorders. A second objective is to study the association between self-injurious behavior and suicidal ideation, severity of eating disorder symptoms and symptoms of depression and anxiety, motivation to change and perfectionism...
July 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738210/neural-activity-and-emotional-processing-following-military-deployment-effects-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#3
Daniel V Zuj, Kim L Felmingham, Matthew A Palmer, Ellie Lawrence-Wood, Miranda Van Hooff, Andrew J Lawrence, Richard A Bryant, Alexander C McFarlane
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) are common comorbidities during military deployment that affect emotional brain processing, yet few studies have examined the independent effects of mTBI and PTSD. The purpose of this study was to examine distinct differences in neural responses to emotional faces in mTBI and PTSD. Twenty-one soldiers reporting high PTSD symptoms were compared to 21 soldiers with low symptoms, and 16 soldiers who reported mTBI-consistent injury and symptoms were compared with 16 soldiers who did not sustain an mTBI...
July 21, 2017: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736544/non-suicidal-self-injury-in-eating-disordered-patients-associations-with-heart-rate-variability-and-state-trait-anxiety
#4
Cristina Giner-Bartolome, Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Iris Tolosa-Sola, Trevor Steward, Susana Jimenez-Murcia, Roser Granero, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda
Background: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is commonly present in individuals with eating disorders (EDs) and is often employed as a maladaptive emotion regulation strategy to avoid or abate negative emotions. One of the most prevalent negative emotions experienced by self-injurers is anxiety; however, this emotion has not been extensively studied in this population. Thus, the aim of our study was to investigate the influence of anxiety on NSSI in patients with ED from two different dimensions: state anxiety and trait anxiety...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729114/altered-intrinsic-functional-connectivity-in-the-latent-period-of-epileptogenesis-in-a-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-model
#5
Hyoin Lee, Seungmoon Jung, Peter Lee, Yong Jeong
The latent period, a seizure-free phase, is the duration between brain injury and the onset of spontaneous recurrent seizures (SRSs) during epileptogenesis. The latent period is thought to involve several progressive pathophysiological events that lead to the evolution of the chronic epilepsy phase. Hence, it is vital to investigate the changes in the latent period during epileptogenesis in order to better understand temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), and to achieve early diagnosis and appropriate management of the condition...
July 17, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726543/differences-in-brain-architecture-in-remote-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
Aishwarya Rajesh, Gillian E Cooke, Jim M Monti, Andrew Jahn, Ana M Daugherty, Arthur Kramer
Mild TBI (mTBI) is brain trauma from an external impact with a loss of consciousness less than 30 minutes. MTBI results in several biopsychosocial impairments with pronounced cognitive deficits, thought to resolve within three months of injury. Previous research suggests that these impairments are due to a temporary inability to appropriately allocate neural resources in response to cognitive demands. Our study questioned this assumption and instead hypothesized that mTBI was associated with long-term neural disruptions and compromised brain structure integrity...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714151/resilience-as-a-moderator-of-the-indirect-effects-of-conflict-and-workload-on-job-outcomes-among-nurses
#7
Julie Jean Lanz, Valentina Bruk-Lee
AIM: To examine the relative effects of interpersonal conflict and workload on job outcomes (turnover intentions, burnout, injuries) and examine if resilience moderates the indirect effects of conflict and workload on job outcomes via job-related negative affect. BACKGROUND: There is interest in understanding resilience in the nursing profession. Placing resilience in the context of the Emotion-Centered Model of Occupational Stress (Spector, 1998) is a novel approach to understanding how resilience ameliorates the negative effects of workplace stressors...
July 16, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712330/the-role-of-abnormalities-in-the-corpus-callosum-in-social-cognition-deficits-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
Skye McDonald, Jacqueline A Rushby, Katie I Dalton, Samantha K Allen, Nicklas Parks
The corpus callosum (CC) is vulnerable to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Social cognition requires integration of non-verbal and verbal information in order to understand social behaviour and may be compromised if the CC is damaged. 17 adults with severe, chronic TBI and 17 control participants underwent structural MRI and Diffusion Tensor Imaging. A region of interest analysis examined fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (MD) across regions of the CC. Performance on The Awareness of Social Inference Test (TASIT): part 1 (emotion recognition) and parts 2 and 3 (social inference), was examined in relation to FA and MD...
July 17, 2017: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708707/lightheadedness-after-concussion-not-all-dizziness-is-vertigo
#9
Geoffrey L Heyer, Julie A Young, Anastasia N Fischer
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the presence and degree of postconcussion lightheadedness in relation to postconcussion vertigo and dizziness, and to determine whether lightheadedness influences overall symptom duration. DESIGN: Prospective, cohort design. SETTING: Nationwide Children's Hospital, Sports Concussion Clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Five hundred ten patients (9-19 years of age) within 30 days of concussion injury. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Patient ratings (scale 0-6) of multiple postconcussion symptoms including lightheadedness, vertigo, and dizziness, reported from the day of clinic evaluation and recalled from the day of concussion...
July 11, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701953/astrocyte-activation-in-locus-coeruleus-is-involved-in-neuropathic-pain-exacerbation-mediated-by-maternal-separation-and-social-isolation-stress
#10
Kazuo Nakamoto, Fuka Aizawa, Megumi Kinoshita, Yutaka Koyama, Shogo Tokuyama
Our previous studies demonstrated that emotional dysfunction associated with early life stress exacerbated nerve injury-induced mechanical allodynia. Sex differences were observed in several anxiety tests, but not in mechanical allodynia. To elucidate the mechanism underlying these findings, we have now investigated the involvement of astrocytes in emotional dysfunction and enhancement of nerve injury-induced mechanical allodynia in mice subjected to maternal separation combined with social isolation (MSSI) as an early life stress...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692627/emotional-intelligence-and-the-occurrence-of-accidents-in-motorcycle-drivers-in-kashan-iran
#11
Fatemeh Sadat Asgarian, Mohammad Aghajani, Negin Masoudi Alavi
There is an inherent risk of death and injury for motorcyclists. Some factors such as personality and psychological characteristics may be contributors of motor vehicle accidents/crashes. This study aimed to determine the relationship between emotional intelligence and its related components and the occurrence of accidents/crashes in motorcycle drivers. In this case-control study, 280 motorcycle drivers with and without a history of motorcycle-related accidents or crashes in Kashan, Iran, were selected for convenience sampling...
July 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691532/is-the-effect-of-coping-styles-disease-specific-relationships-with-emotional-distress-and-quality-of-life-in-acquired-brain-injury-and-multiple-sclerosis
#12
Ingrid Brands, Yvonne Bol, Sven Stapert, Sebastian Köhler, Caroline van Heugten
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the use of coping styles and the relationships linking coping to emotional distress and quality of life in patients with acquired brain injury and multiple sclerosis. METHOD: Cross-sectional cohort study of 143 patients with acquired brain injury and 310 patients with multiple sclerosis in the chronic stage. Quality of life was measured with the Life Satisfaction Questionnaire (LiSat-9), coping styles with the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS-T, task-oriented; CISS-E, emotion-oriented; CISS-A, avoidance), emotional distress with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690665/use-of-integrative-medicine-in-the-united-states-military-health-system
#13
REVIEW
Cathaleen Madsen, Megan Vaughan, Tracey Pérez Koehlmoos
Integrative medicine (IM) is a model of care which uses both conventional and nonconventional therapies in a "whole person" approach to achieve optimum mental, physical, emotional, spiritual, and environmental health, and is increasingly popular among patients and providers seeking to relieve chronic or multifactorial conditions. The US Department of Defense (DoD) shows particular interest in and usage of IM for managing chronic conditions including the signature "polytrauma triad" of chronic pain, traumatic brain injury (TBI), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among its beneficiaries in the Military Health System (MHS)...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686557/the-biopsychosocial-model-40-years-of-application-in-psychiatry
#14
G Papadimitriou
In 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "TheIn 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "Theneed for a new medical model: A challenge for biomedicine", introducing the term Biopsychosocial Model. This model basedon the results of Engel's studies in ulcerative colitis, depression and psychogenic pain, constituted a challenge for biomedicineand the biomedical model...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684197/adjustment-to-hand-injury-cross-sectional-survey-exploring-adjustment-in-relation-to-illness-perceptions-and-coping-strategies
#15
Catherine Turkington, Martin Dempster, Jennifer Maguire
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive. INTRODUCTION: Hand injuries are highly prevalent, and the impact they have on physical, emotional, and functional adjustment is well recognized. Increasingly, adjustment to health conditions including hand injuries is being understood in terms of psychological variables. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To examine the role of illness beliefs and coping strategies in adjustment to hand injury. Adjustment was considered from a complete perspective including quality of life (QOL) and functional ability as well as mood and trauma symptoms...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681915/17%C3%AE-estradiol-rescues-damages-following-traumatic-brain-injury-from-molecule-to-behavior-in-mice
#16
Huaihai Lu, Kun Ma, Liwei Jin, He Zhu, Ruiqi Cao
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a public health concern, and causes cognitive dysfunction, emotional disorders, and neurodegeration, as well. The currently available treatments are all symptom-oriented with unsatifying efficacy. It is highly demanded to understand its underlying mechanisms. Controlled cortical impact (CCI) was used to induce TBI in aged female mice subjected to ovariectomy. Brain damages were assessed with neurological severity score, brain infarction and edema. Morris water maze and elevated plus maze were applied to evaluate the levels of anxiety...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681048/how-does-dental-trauma-affect-the-quality-of-life-in-turkish-families
#17
Mehmet Bani, Alev Alaçam, Çağdaş Çınar
PURPOSE: To assess the responsiveness of the Family Impact Scale (FIS) to describe changes in quality of life (QoL) after traumatic dental injury (TDI), and compare the efficacy of subscales. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Parents of 110 children aged 7-15 admitted to the Gazi University Faculty of Dentistry Department of Paediatric Dentistry for dental trauma were included in this study. A three-part questionnaire was distributed to the participants: questions regarding personal information, TDI and QoL...
July 4, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678658/description-of-a-multifaceted-intervention-programme-for-fatigue-after-acquired-brain-injury-a-pilot-study
#18
Jan Stubberud, Espen Edvardsen, Anne-Kristine Schanke, Anners Lerdal, Anita Kjeverud, Andreas Schillinger, Marianne Løvstad
The purpose of this pilot study was to describe and explore a group-based multifaceted intervention for patients with fatigue after acquired brain injury (ABI). We hypothesised that post-intervention changes would result in reduced fatigue, in addition to improved emotional health, sleep and attentional control. Eight subjects with traumatic brain injury (n = 3) and cerebrovascular insults (n = 5) were included. Inclusion was based upon the presence of fatigue complaints. The participants received 36 hours of intervention...
July 5, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675465/brain-volumetric-correlates-of-inhibition-and-cognitive-flexibility-16-years-following-childhood-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
Kelleynne Yu, Marc L Seal, Jonathan Reyes, Celia Godfrey, Vicki Anderson, Chris Adamson, Nicholas P Ryan, Stephen J C Hearps, Cathy Catroppa
Executive functions (EFs), such as inhibition and cognitive flexibility, are essential for everyday functioning, including regulation of socially appropriate emotional responses. These skills develop during childhood and continue maturing into early adulthood. The current study aimed to investigate the very long-term impact of childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI) on inhibition and cognitive flexibility, and to examine whether global white matter is associated with these abilities. Twenty-eight young adult survivors of childhood TBI (mean age at 16-year follow-up = 21...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673295/the-impact-of-racial-discrimination-on-the-health-of-australian-indigenous-children-aged-5-10%C3%A2-years-analysis-of-national-longitudinal-data
#20
Carrington C J Shepherd, Jianghong Li, Matthew N Cooper, Katrina D Hopkins, Brad M Farrant
BACKGROUND: A growing body of literature highlights that racial discrimination has negative impacts on child health, although most studies have been limited to an examination of direct forms of racism using cross-sectional data. We aim to provide further insights on the impact of early exposure to racism on child health using longitudinal data among Indigenous children in Australia and multiple indicators of racial discrimination. METHODS: We used data on 1239 Indigenous children aged 5-10 years from Waves 1-6 (2008-2013) of Footprints in Time, a longitudinal study of Indigenous children across Australia...
July 3, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
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