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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691944/developmental-performance-of-5-year-old-bulgarian-children-an-example-of-translational-neuroscience-in-practice
#1
Ralitsa Yordanova, Ivan Ivanov
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Developmental testing is essential for early recognition of the various developmental impairments. The tools used should be composed of items that are age specific, adapted, and standardized for the population they are applied to. The achievements of neurosciences, medicine, psychology, pedagogy, etc. are applied in the elaboration of a comprehensive examination tool that should screen all major areas of development. The key age of 5 years permits identification of almost all major developmental disabilities leaving time for therapeutic intervention before school entrance...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691650/first-unitary-then-divided-the-temporal-dynamics-of-dividing-attention
#2
Lisa N Jefferies, Joseph B Witt
Whether focused visual attention can be divided has been the topic of much investigation, and there is a compelling body of evidence showing that, at least under certain conditions, attention can be divided and deployed as two independent foci. Three experiments were conducted to examine whether attention can be deployed in divided form from the outset, or whether it is first deployed as a unitary focus before being divided. To test this, we adapted the methodology of Jefferies, Enns, and Di Lollo (Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 40: 465, 2014), who used a dual-stream Attentional Blink paradigm and two letter-pair targets...
April 24, 2018: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690877/the-effect-of-depression-on-quality-of-life-in-infertile-couples-an-actor-partner-interdependence-model-approach
#3
Saman Maroufizadeh, Mostafa Hosseini, Abbas Rahimi Foroushani, Reza Omani-Samani, Payam Amini
BACKGROUND: Infertility can cause psychological distress and has a negative impact on quality of life (QoL). There have been no studies investigating the effect of depression on QoL in infertile couples at the dyadic level. This study aimed to investigate the effects of actors' and partners' depression on QoL in male-female dyads experiencing infertility using an innovative dyadic analysis approach, the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (APIM). METHODS: We conducted this cross-sectional study on 180 infertile couples in Tehran, Iran, during August-September 2017...
April 24, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689719/the-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-in-down-syndrome-bpsd-ds-scale-comprehensive-assessment-of-psychopathology-in-down-syndrome
#4
Alain D Dekker, Silvia Sacco, Angelo Carfi, Bessy Benejam, Yannick Vermeiren, Gonny Beugelsdijk, Mieke Schippers, Lyanne Hassefras, José Eleveld, Sharina Grefelman, Roelie Fopma, Monique Bomer-Veenboer, Mariángeles Boti, G Danielle E Oosterling, Esther Scholten, Marleen Tollenaere, Laura Checkley, André Strydom, Gert Van Goethem, Graziano Onder, Rafael Blesa, Christine Zu Eulenburg, Antonia M W Coppus, Anne-Sophie Rebillat, Juan Fortea, Peter P De Deyn
People with Down syndrome (DS) are prone to develop Alzheimer's disease (AD). Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are core features, but have not been comprehensively evaluated in DS. In a European multidisciplinary study, the novel Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia in Down Syndrome (BPSD-DS) scale was developed to identify frequency and severity of behavioral changes taking account of life-long characteristic behavior. 83 behavioral items in 12 clinically defined sections were evaluated...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688853/gender-difference-in-health-related-quality-of-life-and-associated-factors-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-attending-anti-retroviral-therapy-at-public-health-facilities-western-ethiopia-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#5
Delelegn Yilma Gebremichael, Kokeb Tesfamariam Hadush, Ermiyas Mulu Kebede, Robel Tezera Zegeye
BACKGROUND: Though HIV/AIDS has multidimensional consequences on quality of life, there is a gap in measuring and monitoring health related quality of life of HIV/AIDS patients. Hence, this study intended to measure health related quality of life domains and associated determinants among people living with HIV/AIDS in western Ethiopia. METHODS: A comparative cross-sectional study was conducted among 520 HIV/AIDS patients on anti-retroviral therapy in public health facilities in West Shoa Zone, Western Ethiopia from April to May, 2016...
April 23, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687342/predictors-of-preoperative-program-non-completion-in-adolescents-referred-for-bariatric-surgery
#6
Cassie Brode, Megan Ratcliff, Jennifer Reiter-Purtill, Sanita Hunsaker, Michael Helmrath, Meg Zeller
BACKGROUND: Factors contributing to adolescents' non-completion of bariatric surgery, defined as self-withdrawal during the preoperative phase of care, independent of program or insurance denial, are largely unknown. Recent adolescent and adult bariatric surgery literature indicate that psychological factors and treatment withdrawal play a role; however, for adolescents, additional age-salient (family/caregiver) variables might also influence progression to surgery. OBJECTIVES: The present study examined demographic, psychological, and family/caregiver variables as predictors of whether adolescents completed surgery ("completers") or withdrew from treatment ("non-completers")...
April 23, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686600/psychological-distress-and-drawing-tests-among-women-with-breast-cancer
#7
Jiyeon Kim, Soyoung Youn, Byeongil Choi, Kyung Hae Jung, Seung Do Ahn, Sook Yeon Hwang, Seockhoon Chung, Jaedam Lee
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of the Diagnostic Drawing Series (DDS) as a screening tool for the breast cancer patients with psychological distress. Methods: All of 64 patients with breast cancer participated in this study. Patients' depressive and anxiety symptoms were assessed using Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) when the DDS was applied to the partipicants. Results: Depressed patients used more enclosure in the Feeling drawings ( P = 0...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685730/validity-and-reliability-of-functional-assessment-of-chronic-illness-treatment-fatigue-scale-in-turkish-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#8
Derya Çinar, Ayla Yava
BACKGROUND: A long-term diabetic complication, fatigue, which is a direct result of treatment and psychological processes, is a common symptom in diabetic individuals. AIMS: To determine the reliability and validity of Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Treatment-Fatigue Scale in Turkish patients with type 2 diabetes. STUDY DESIGN: A methodological study. METHODS: The sample consisted of 133 patients with type 2 diabetes who agreed to participate in the study and met the criteria for the study...
April 20, 2018: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685560/high-rates-of-psychiatric-disorders-and-below-normal-mental-capacity-associated-with-spastic-peroneal-flatfoot-a-new-relationship
#9
Önder İsmet Kılıçoğlu, Ahmet Salduz, Fevzi Birişik, Fuat Bilgili, Gökhan Polat, İlyas Kaya, Funda Süleyman, Murat Coşkun
Spastic peroneal flatfoot (SPFF) is a rare hindfoot pathology usually seen in the adolescent age group that is characterized by painful spasms in the peroneal muscles. We have clinically observed that patients with SPFF also have some behavioral and emotional difficulties and problems in their academic achievements. Because of these observations, we investigated the prevalence and patterns of psychiatric disorders and intellectual disability among young subjects with SPFF. Our cohort consisted of 16 patients with SPFF...
May 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685153/assessing-self-efficacy-in-type-2-diabetes-management-validation-of-the-italian-version-of-the-diabetes-management-self-efficacy-scale-it-dmses
#10
Rossella Messina, Paola Rucci, Jackie Sturt, Tatiana Mancini, Maria Pia Fantini
BACKGROUND: Being highly self-efficacious is a key factor in successful chronic disease self-management. In the context of measuring self-efficacy in type 2 diabetes management, the Diabetes Management Self-Efficacy Scale (DMSES) is the most widely used scale. The aim of this study was to adapt the English version of the scale to Italian and to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Italian version of DMSES in type 2 diabetes (IT-DMSES). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of people with type 2 diabetes attending the Endocrine-Metabolic Disease Care Unit of the Internal Medicine Department of San Marino State Hospital between October 2016 and February 2017...
April 23, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685123/the-pigeon-project-protocol-of-a-longitudinal-study-examining-psychosocial-and-ethical-issues-and-outcomes-in-germline-genomic-sequencing-for-cancer
#11
Megan Best, Ainsley J Newson, Bettina Meiser, Ilona Juraskova, David Goldstein, Kathy Tucker, Mandy L Ballinger, Dominique Hess, Timothy E Schlub, Barbara Biesecker, Richard Vines, Kate Vines, David Thomas, Mary-Anne Young, Jacqueline Savard, Chris Jacobs, Phyllis Butow
BACKGROUND: Advances in genomics offer promise for earlier detection or prevention of cancer, by personalisation of medical care tailored to an individual's genomic risk status. However genome sequencing can generate an unprecedented volume of results for the patient to process with potential implications for their families and reproductive choices. This paper describes a protocol for a study (PiGeOn) that aims to explore how patients and their blood relatives experience germline genomic sequencing, to help guide the appropriate future implementation of genome sequencing into routine clinical practice...
April 23, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684833/antecedents-mediators-and-outcomes-of-authentic-leadership-in-healthcare-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Bayan Alilyyani, Carol A Wong, Greta Cummings
BACKGROUND: Leaders are essential in every organization to achieve patient safety and healthy work environments. Authentic leadership is a relational leadership style purported to promote healthy work environments that influence staff performance and organizational outcomes. Given recent growth in authentic leadership research in healthcare and the importance of new knowledge to inform leadership development, there is an obligation to determine what is known about the antecedents and outcomes of authentic leadership in healthcare settings and clarify mechanisms by which authentic leadership affects healthcare staff and patient outcomes...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683772/adolescents-perceptions-of-the-quality-of-interpersonal-relationships-and-eating-disorder-symptom-severity-the-mediating-role-of-low-self-esteem-and-negative-mood
#13
Jade Pelletier Brochu, Dominique Meilleur, Giuseppina DiMeglio, Danielle Taddeo, Eric Lavoie, Julius Erdstein, Robert Pauzé, Caroline Pesant, Isabelle Thibault, Jean-Yves Frappier
Few studies have examined how the perceived quality of multiple interpersonal relationships is related to eating disorder (ED) symptom severity in adolescents and how psychological variables might influence these associations. The aim of this study is to determine whether the perceived level of trust, communication, and alienation in the relationship with one's mother, father, and peers are predictive of ED severity in adolescent females and to test the mediating effects of low self-esteem and negative mood on these associations...
April 23, 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683720/on-measuring-and-modeling-physiological-synchrony-in-dyads
#14
Jonathan Lee Helm, Jonas G Miller, Sarah Kahle, Natalie R Troxel, Paul D Hastings
Physiological synchrony within a dyad, or the degree of temporal correspondence between two individuals' physiological systems, has become a focal area of psychological research. Multiple methods have been used for measuring and modeling physiological synchrony. Each method extracts and analyzes different types of physiological synchrony, where 'type' refers to a specific manner through which two different physiological signals may correlate. Yet, to our knowledge, there is no documentation of the different methods, how each method corresponds to a specific type of synchrony, and the statistical assumptions embedded within each method...
April 23, 2018: Multivariate Behavioral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683077/workplace-psychological-aggression-job-stress-and-vigor-a-test-of-longitudinal-effects
#15
Omer Farooq Malik, Aaron C H Schat, Asif Shahzad, Muhammad Mustafa Raziq, Rafia Faiz
The purpose of this research was to examine the relationships between supervisor- and customer-initiated psychological aggression and vigor across time, and to determine the mediating role of job stress in these relationships. We also investigated the potential for differential impacts of supervisor and customer aggression on our outcome variables. A two-wave longitudinal study was conducted with a time lag of 6 months. The study sample consisted of 215 branch office employees of five large commercial banks situated in Islamabad, Pakistan...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682494/cognitive-changes-and-brain-volume-reduction-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#16
Branka Filipović, Olivera Marković, Vesna Đurić, Branislav Filipović
Studies of psychological condition of patients suffering from nonalcoholic fatty liver disease are rather equivocal about the results: while some claim that NAFLD patients suffer from anxiety and depression more than non-NAFLD controls, others do not withstand those findings. Lower cognitive potentials have also been reported, both in patient related and in animal model-based investigations, and correlated with assessed brain tissue changes. We hypothesized that NAFLD, as a condition, affects the brain tissue and, subsequently, the cognitive state...
2018: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682236/the-participation-of-early-maladaptive-schemas-emss-in-the-perception-of-pain-in-patients-with-migraine-a-psychological-profile
#17
Ketlin Helenise Dos Santos Ribas, Valdenilson Ribeiro Ribas, Silano Souto Mendes Barros, Valéria Ribeiro Ribas, Maria da Glória Nogueira Filizola, Renata de Melo Guerra Ribas, Paulo César da Silva, Carlos Augusto Cardoso Kucera, Hugo André de Lima Martins
Young's early maladaptive schemas questionnaire (YSQ-S3) is used to understand psychological aspects. Objective: EMSs were evaluated in patients with migraine. Methods: Sixty-five subjects were evaluated using the YSQ-S3 under standard conditions in a room with air conditioning at 22 ± 2°C. The subjects were stratified by morbidity (migraine), gender (male/female) and age (18-29 / 30-39 / 40-55). Controls (without migraine), n = 27 and patients (with migraine), n = 38, men (n = 19) and women (n = 46); participants aged 18-29 years, n = 34, aged 30-39 years, n = 14 and aged 40-55 years, n = 17...
January 2018: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681620/recontacting-or-not-recontacting-a-survey-of-current-practices-in-clinical-genetics-centres-in-europe
#18
Fabio Sirchia, Daniele Carrieri, Sandi Dheensa, Caroline Benjamin, Hülya Kayserili, Christophe Cordier, Carla G van El, Peter D Turnpenny, Bela Melegh, Álvaro Mendes, Tanya F Halbersma-Konings, Irene M van Langen, Anneke M Lucassen, Angus J Clarke, Francesca Forzano, Susan E Kelly
Advances in genomic medicine are improving diagnosis and treatment of some health conditions, and the question of whether former patients should be recontacted is therefore timely. The issue of recontacting is becoming more important with increased integration of genomics in 'mainstream' medicine. Empirical evidence is needed to advance the discussion over whether and how recontacting should be implemented. We administered a web-based survey to genetic services in European countries to collect information about existing infrastructures and practices relevant to recontacting patients...
April 23, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681011/risk-of-disordered-eating-attitudes-and-its-relation-to-mental-health-among-university-students-in-asean
#19
Supa Pengpid, Karl Peltzer
PURPOSE: Since there is a lack of information on eating disorders attitudes in Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the aim of this study was to explore the prevalence of eating disorder attitude and its relation to mental distress among university student populations in Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey and anthropometric measurement were conducted with undergraduate university students that were randomly recruited...
April 21, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681004/religious-and-spiritual-salience-well-being-and-psychosocial-functioning-among-psychotherapy-clients-moderator-effects-for-humility
#20
David R Paine, Steven J Sandage, Elizabeth G Ruffing, Peter C Hill
A number of studies have examined the mediating factors in the relationship between religion and spirituality (R/S) and psychological health. Humility is a virtue that has been positively correlated with R/S variables, measures of well-being, and indicators of psychosocial functioning. In this study, we investigate dispositional humility as a potential moderator in the relationship between religious and spiritual salience and (1) well-being and (2) psychosocial functioning outcomes in a clinical sample. Results indicated that dispositional humility significantly moderated the relationships tested...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
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