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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906015/validation-of-a-self-reported-hiv-symptoms-list-the-iss-hiv-symptoms-scale
#1
Raffaella Bucciardini, Katherina Pugliese, Daniela Francisci, Andrea Costantini, Elisabetta Schiaroli, Miriam Cognigni, Chiara Tontini, Stefano Lucattini, Luca Fucili, Massimiliano Di Gregorio, Marco Mirra, Vincenzo Fragola, Sara Pompili, Rita Murri, Stefano Vella
BACKGROUND: To describe the development and the psychometric properties of the Istituto Superiore di Sanità-HIV symptoms scale (lSS-HIV symptoms scale). METHODS: The ISS-HIV symptom scale was developed by an Italian working team including researchers, physicians and people living with HIV. The development process went through the following steps: (1) review of HIV/AIDS literature; (2) focus group; (3) pre-test analysis; (4) scale validation. RESULTS: The 22 symptoms of HIV-ISS symptoms scale were clustered in five factors: pain/general discomfort (7 items); depression/anxiety (4 items); emotional reaction/psychological distress (5 items); gastrointestinal discomfort (4 items); sexual discomfort (2 items)...
April 9, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905641/-factors-associated-with-success-of-a-smoking-cessation-program
#2
Pedro Peña, Mónica Zagolin, Mónica Acuña, Sandra Navarrete, Pilar Bustamante, Andrea Canals
BACKGROUND: Smoking cessation therapies include counseling, psychological management and pharmacological therapy. Varenicline is the most effective and safe medication available. AIM: To study risk factors for the failure of pharmacological smoking cessation therapy with varenicline. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 281 patients aged 45 ± 11 years (65% males) with a mean consumption of 31 ± 22 packs/year. They completed a smoking cessation program comprising psychological support and use of varenicline in a private clinic...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902586/neurological-psychological-and-cognitive-disorders-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-on-conservative-and-replacement-therapy
#3
Silvia Lai, Oriano Mecarelli, Patrizia Pulitano, Roberto Romanello, Leonardo Davi, Alessia Zarabla, Amalia Mariotti, Maria Carta, Giorgia Tasso, Luca Poli, Anna Paola Mitterhofer, Massimo Testorio, Nicla Frassetti, Paola Aceto, Alessandro Galani, Carlo Lai
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a highly prevalent condition in the world. Neurological, psychological, and cognitive disorders, related to CKD, could contribute to the morbidity, mortality, and poor quality of life of these patients. The aim of this study was to assess the neurological, psychological, and cognitive imbalance in patients with CKD on conservative and replacement therapy.Seventy-four clinically stable patients affected by CKD on conservative therapy, replacement therapy (hemodialysis (HD), peritoneal dialysis (PD)), or with kidney transplantation (KT) and 25 healthy controls (HC), matched for age and sex were enrolled...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901562/extension-of-the-expiration-date-for-state-disability-examiner-authority-to-make-fully-favorable-quick-disability-determinations-and-compassionate-allowance-determinations-final-rule
#4
(no author information available yet)
We are extending, until December 28, 2018, the expiration date of our disability examiner authority (DEA) rule, which authorizes State agency disability examiners to make fully favorable determinations without the approval of a State agency medical or psychological consultant in claims that we consider under our quick disability determination (QDD) and compassionate allowance (CAL) processes. This is our last extension of this rule because we will phase out the use of DEA during the extension period under section 832 of the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 (BBA)...
October 24, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899904/theory-based-interventions-combining-mental-simulation-and-planning-techniques-to-improve-physical-activity-null-results-from-two-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
Carine Meslot, Aurélie Gauchet, Benoît Allenet, Olivier François, Martin S Hagger
Interventions to assist individuals in initiating and maintaining regular participation in physical activity are not always effective. Psychological and behavioral theories advocate the importance of both motivation and volition in interventions to change health behavior. Interventions adopting self-regulation strategies that foster motivational and volitional components may, therefore, have utility in promoting regular physical activity participation. We tested the efficacy of an intervention adopting motivational (mental simulation) and volitional (implementation intentions) components to promote a regular physical activity in two studies...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899689/herbal-medicine-for-management-of-the-behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-bpsd-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Anna J Hyde, Brian H May, Lin Dong, Mei Feng, Shaonan Liu, Xinfeng Guo, Anthony Lin Zhang, Chuanjian Lu, Charlie Changli Xue
Management of the behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia remains a challenge worldwide. Herbal medicines may play a role in the development of new interventions. To determine effects of herbal medicines for management of the behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia, meta-analysis was conducted of 31 controlled trials (3613 participants). Frequently tested herbal medicines were the Ginkgo biloba leaf extract EGb 761 (seven studies) and the multi-ingredient formula Yokukansan (eight studies)...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897994/disability-physical-inactivity-and-impaired-health-related-quality-of-life-are-not-different-in-metabolically-healthy-vs-unhealthy-obese-subjects
#7
Lorenzo M Donini, Gianluca Merola, Eleonora Poggiogalle, Carla Lubrano, Lucio Gnessi, Stefania Mariani, Silvia Migliaccio, Andrea Lenzi
BACKGROUND: Obesity represents a major health hazard, affecting morbidity, psychological status, physical functionality, quality of life, and mortality. The aim of the present study was to explore the differences between metabolically healthy (MHO) and metabolically unhealthy (MUO) obese subjects with regard to physical activity, disability, and health-related quality of life (HR-QoL). METHODS: All subjects underwent a multidimensional evaluation, encompassing the assessment of body composition, metabolic biomarkers and inflammation, physical activity level (IPAQ questionnaire), disability (TSD-OC test), and HR-QoL (SF-36 questionnaire)...
November 25, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897456/estimating-between-person-and-within-person-subscore-reliability-with-profile-analysis
#8
Okan Bulut, Mark L Davison, Michael C Rodriguez
Subscores are of increasing interest in educational and psychological testing due to their diagnostic function for evaluating examinees' strengths and weaknesses within particular domains of knowledge. Previous studies about the utility of subscores have mostly focused on the overall reliability of individual subscores and ignored the fact that subscores should be distinct and have added value over the total score. This study introduces a profile reliability approach that partitions the overall subscore reliability into within-person and between-person subscore reliability...
November 29, 2016: Multivariate Behavioral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897406/integrated-care-for-geriatric-frailty-and-sarcopenia-a-randomized-control-trial
#9
Ding-Cheng Derrick Chan, Hsiao-Hui Tsou, Chirn-Bin Chang, Rong-Sen Yang, Jau-Yih Tsauo, Ching-Yu Chen, Chin-Fu Hsiao, Ya-Ting Hsu, Chia-Hui Chen, Shu-Fang Chang, Chao Agnes Hsiung, Ken N Kuo
BACKGROUND: Exercise, nutrition, and psychological interventions may all have positive impacts on frailty and sarcopenia. However, it is not known whether an integrated care programme with all three components can be beneficial and the intensity of such programme is also not certain. In this study, we aim to determine the effectiveness of two levels of integrated care on frailty and sarcopenia. METHODS: A randomized control trial was conducted at two community hospitals in Taiwan...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896045/barriers-to-physical-activity-as-moderators-of-intervention-effects
#10
Michael E Schoeny, Louis Fogg, Susan W Buchholz, Arlene Miller, JoEllen Wilbur
The impact of interventions to increase physical activity (PA) may vary as a function of participants' barriers to PA. The aim of this paper is to determine whether individual barriers (demographic, physical health, psychological health, neighborhood factors, perceived barriers to PA, social support for PA) moderate treatment effects on increases in PA. Three treatment conditions tested the relative efficacy of a group-based PA intervention alone or supplemented by either personal or automated phone calls made between group meetings...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895699/resilience-and-burnout-status-among-nurses-working-in-oncology
#11
Sevinc Kutluturkan, Elif Sozeri, Nese Uysal, Figen Bay
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify the resilience and burnout status of nurses working in the field of oncology. METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted with 140 oncology nurses. The data were collected using a socio-demographic attributes form, Resilience Scale for Adults, and the Maslach's Burnout Inventory. Percentage ratios, mean and median values, Kruskal-Wallis test, Mann-Whitney U test, correlation analysis, and multiple stepwise linear regression analysis were used to evaluate the data...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894282/health-related-quality-of-life-in-stroke-patients-questionnaire-short-version-hrqolisp-40-validation-for-its-use-in-colombia
#12
Yahira Rossini Guzmán Sabogal, Jorge Pla Vidal, Ricardo Sánchez Pedraza, Felipe Ortuño Sánchez-Pedreño, María Catalina Gómez Guevara
BACKGROUND: The health-related quality of life in stroke patients (HRQOLISP-40, short version) survey was developed in Nigeria and constitutes a 40-item, multidimensional, self-administrated questionnaire. We assessed the validity and reliability of the HRQOLISP-40 Spanish version for stroke patients in Colombia. METHODS: The analysis included factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, Rasch analysis, convergent validity, internal consistency (261 stroke patients), test-retest reliability (73 patients assessed at two different times) and sensitivity to change (46 patients assessed before and after a rehabilitation intervention)...
November 28, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893993/mediated-effects-of-perceived-discrimination-on-adolescent-academic-achievement-a-test-of-four-models
#13
William Hood, Graham L Bradley, Samantha Ferguson
Many adolescents feel they are subjected to acts of discrimination. Research shows that discrimination is associated with adverse outcomes including poor psychological adjustment, school adjustment, and academic achievement. This study investigated alternative pathways through which discrimination affects adolescents' academic achievement. A sample of 244 Year 7-10 Australian secondary school students (65% male; Mage = 13.6 years; SD = 1.24) completed questionnaires measuring discrimination, psychological adjustment, and sense of school membership...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893845/meta-heuristics-in-short-scale-construction-ant-colony-optimization-and-genetic-algorithm
#14
Ulrich Schroeders, Oliver Wilhelm, Gabriel Olaru
The advent of large-scale assessment, but also the more frequent use of longitudinal and multivariate approaches to measurement in psychological, educational, and sociological research, caused an increased demand for psychometrically sound short scales. Shortening scales economizes on valuable administration time, but might result in inadequate measures because reducing an item set could: a) change the internal structure of the measure, b) result in poorer reliability and measurement precision, c) deliver measures that cannot effectively discriminate between persons on the intended ability spectrum, and d) reduce test-criterion relations...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893579/the-psychological-impact-of-first-burn-camp-in-nicaragua
#15
Lisa L Tropez-Arceneaux, Arlen Tatiana Castillo Alaniz, Ivette Lucia Icaza, Eevelyn Alejandra Murillo
Asociacion Pro-Ninos Quemados de Nicaragua (APROQUEN) is a comprehensive burn center that provides a holistic and integrated approach to treating burns. APROQUEN has set the standards internationally with acute treatment for burns, intensive care, reconstructive surgeries, nutritional care, rehabilitation, occupational therapy, and psychological treatment. APROQUEN is excelling within Central and South America with life-saving techniques and quality of care. It is imperative that burn centers in Central America recognize that the treatment of a child with a burn injury surpasses physical care to include psychological treatment for the complete well-being of the child...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893258/the-rich-get-richer-and-the-poor-get-poorer-country-and-state-level-income-inequality-moderates-the-job-insecurity-burnout-relationship
#16
Lixin Jiang, Tahira M Probst
Despite the prevalence of income inequality in today's society, research on the implications of income inequality for organizational research is scant. This study takes the first step to explore the contextual role of national- and state- level income inequality as a moderator in the relationship between individual-level job insecurity (JI) and burnout. Drawing from conservation of resource (COR) theory, we argue that income inequality at the country-level and state-level threatens one's obtainment of object (i...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893254/dynamic-interplay-between-merger-process-justice-and-cognitive-trust-in-top-management-a-longitudinal-study
#17
Janne Kaltiainen, Jukka Lipponen, Brian C Holtz
This study examines two fundamental concerns in the context of organizational change: employees' perceptions of merger process justice and cognitive trust in the top management team. Our main purpose is to better understand the nature of reciprocal relations between these important constructs through a significant change event. Previous research, building mainly on social exchange theory, has framed trust as a consequence of justice perceptions. More recently, scholars have suggested that this view may be overly simplistic and that trust-related cognitions may also represent an important antecedent of justice perceptions...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893229/measurement-invariance-of-the-yale-food-addiction-scale-2-0-across-gender-and-racial-groups
#18
Meagan M Carr, Pelin D Catak, Megan C Pejsa-Reitz, Karen K Saules, Ashley N Gearhardt
Food addiction describes a psychological and behavioral eating pattern that is similar to the experience of those compulsively taking drugs of abuse. Recent developments related to food addiction, including the development and validation of an updated measure (Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0; Gearhardt, Corbin, & Brownell, 2016), have increased knowledge as to the prevalence and associated correlates of food addiction. However, less is known about the phenomenological experience of food addiction in diverse samples or how the existing measure of food addiction performs in heterogeneous samples...
November 28, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892761/autonomic-markers-associated-with-generalized-social-phobia-symptoms-heart-rate-variability-and-salivary-alpha-amylase
#19
María J García-Rubio, Laura Espín, Vanesa Hidalgo, Alicia Salvador, Jesús Gómez-Amor
The study of autonomic nervous system changes associated with generalized social phobia (GSP) disorder has increased in recent years, showing contradictory results. The present study aimed to evaluate how young people with GSP reacted before, during, and after exposure to the Trier Stress Social Test (TSST), focusing on their autonomic changes (heart rate variability, HRV, and salivary alpha-amylase, sAA) compared to a control group (non-GSP). Some psychological variables were also considered. Sex was specifically studied as a possible modulator of autonomic fluctuations and psychological state...
November 28, 2016: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891334/life-orientation-test-revised-lot-r-versus-academic-score-in-various-first-year-health-professional-students
#20
Puja Dulloo, Neeraj Vedi, Achleshwar Gandotra
INTRODUCTION: Health field per se requires mental, physical and psychological steadiness and wellbeing. In modern times decline in psychological and physical health has been observed in student after admission in health education program. Factors like perfectionism, self-esteem, personal and professional consequence have affected their academic score directly or indirectly. Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R) instrument measures optimism in relation to self-esteem of individual. A better score will show more confidence level of the student...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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