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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232539/how-to-identify-and-manage-cognitive-dysfunction-after-breast-cancer-treatment
#1
Marie Lange, Florence Joly
Attention and memory dysfunction is a common complaint among patients with breast cancer that can be reported during and up to several years after treatment. It can negatively affect patients' quality of life and their ability to work. This phenomenon has mainly been studied in patients with breast cancer who are treated with adjuvant chemotherapy. Women describe concentration problems and difficulties with word finding, multitasking, or remembering new information, as well as more effort and time needed to accomplish these tasks...
December 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231159/facet-joint-injections-for-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-feasibility-rct
#2
Saowarat Snidvongs, Rod S Taylor, Alia Ahmad, Simon Thomson, Manohar Sharma, Angela Farr, Deborah Fitzsimmons, Stephanie Poulton, Vivek Mehta, Richard Langford
BACKGROUND: Pain of lumbar facet-joint origin is a common cause of low back pain in adults and may lead to chronic pain and disability, with associated health and socioeconomic implications. The socioeconomic burden includes an inability to return to work resulting in loss of productivity in addition to direct and indirect health-care utilisation costs. Lumbar facet-joints are paired synovial joints between the superior and inferior articular processes of consecutive lumbar vertebrae and between the fifth lumbar vertebra and the sacrum...
December 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230699/predictive-psychiatric-genetic-testing-in-minors-an-exploration-of-the-non-medical-benefits
#3
Arianna Manzini, Danya F Vears
Predictive genetic testing for susceptibility to psychiatric conditions is likely to become part of standard practice. Because the onset of most psychiatric diseases is in late adolescence or early adulthood, testing minors could lead to early identification that may prevent or delay the development of these disorders. However, due to their complex aetiology, psychiatric genetic testing does not provide the immediate medical benefits that current guidelines require for testing minors. While several authors have argued non-medical benefits may play a crucial role in favour of predictive testing for other conditions, little research has explored such a role in psychiatric disorders...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230314/testing-the-effectiveness-of-a-transdiagnostic-treatment-approach-in-reducing-violence-and-alcohol-abuse-among-families-in-zambia-study-protocol-of-the-violence-and-alcohol-treatment-vatu-trial
#4
J C Kane, S Skavenski Van Wyk, S M Murray, P Bolton, F Melendez, C K Danielson, P Chimponda, S Munthali, L K Murray
Background: Violence against women and girls (VAWG) is an urgent global health problem. Root causes for VAWG include the individual- and family-level factors of alcohol abuse, mental health problems, violence exposure, and related adverse experiences. Few studies in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) have assessed the effectiveness of psychological interventions for reducing VAWG. This randomized controlled trial, part of the What Works to Prevent Violence Against Women and Girls consortium, examines the effectiveness of a common elements treatment approach (CETA) for reducing VAWG and comorbid alcohol abuse among families in Zambia...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230046/bullying-incidences-identification-within-an-immersive-environment-using-hd-eeg-based-analysis-a-swarm-decomposition-and-deep-learning-approach
#5
Vasileios Baltatzis, Kyriaki-Margarita Bintsi, Georgios K Apostolidis, Leontios J Hadjileontiadis
Bullying is an everlasting phenomenon and the first, yet difficult, step towards the solution is its detection. Conventional approaches for bullying incidence identification include questionnaires, conversations and psychological tests. Here, unlike the conventional approaches, two experiments are proposed that involve visual stimuli with cases of bullying- and non-bullying- related ones, set within a 2D (simple video preview) and a Virtual Reality (VR) (immersive video preview) context. In both experimental settings, brain activity is recorded using high density (HD) (256 channels) electroencephalogram (EEG), and analyzed to identify the bullying stimuli type (bullying/non-bullying) and context (2D/VR)...
December 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229502/sodium-butyrate-abolishes-lipopolysaccharide-induced-depression-like-behaviors-and-hippocampal-microglial-activation-in-mice
#6
Yosuke Yamawaki, Norika Yoshioka, Kanako Nozaki, Hikaru Ito, Keisuke Oda, Kana Harada, Satomi Shirawachi, Satoshi Asano, Hidenori Aizawa, Shigeto Yamawaki, Takashi Kanemastu, Hiroyuki Akagi
Patients with major depressive disorder have elevated peripheral inflammation; the degree of this increase correlates with the severity of the disorder. Chronic psychological stress increases pro-inflammatory cytokines and promotes microglial activation, leading to stress vulnerability. Epigenetics, including DNA methylation and histone modification, are also related to the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder. Sodium butyrate (SB), a histone deacetylase inhibitor, exerts an antidepressant effect by altering gene expression in the hippocampus...
December 8, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228806/a-pilot-online-mindfulness-intervention-to-decrease-caregiver-burden-and-improve-psychological-well-being
#7
Rifky Tkatch, Dawn Bazarko, Shirley Musich, Lizi Wu, Stephanie MacLeod, Karen Keown, Kevin Hawkins, Ellen Wicker
Interventions to reduce caregiver burden are of great interest as the number of informal family caregivers continues to grow. The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility of an online mindfulness meditation intervention for community-dwelling older adult caregivers and to evaluate its impact on quality of life, caregiver burden, and psychological well-being. A total of 40 caregivers were recruited from 2 community center support groups to participate in an 8-week online mindfulness intervention. Pre and post surveys were administered...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228605/a-case-control-study-on-risk-factors-of-breast-cancer-in-han-chinese-women
#8
Li-Yuan Liu, Fei Wang, Shu-De Cui, Fu-Guo Tian, Zhi-Min Fan, Cui-Zhi Geng, Xu-Chen Cao, Zhen-Lin Yang, Xiang Wang, Hong Liang, Shu Wang, Hong-Chuan Jiang, Xue-Ning Duan, Hai-Bo Wang, Guo-Lou Li, Qi-Tang Wang, Jian-Guo Zhang, Feng Jin, Jin-Hai Tang, Liang Li, Shi-Guang Zhu, Wen-Shu Zuo, Li-Xiang Yu, Yu-Juan Xiang, Fei Zhou, Liang Li, Qiang Zhang, Qin-Ye Fu, Zhong-Bing Ma, De-Zong Gao, Yu-Yang Li, Lu Liu, Chun-Miao Ye, Yong-Jiu Wang, Wen-Zhong Zhou, Zhi-Gang Yu
This study aimed to investigate risk factors associated with breast cancer among Han Chinese women in northern and eastern China. A matched case-control study involving 1489 patients with breast cancer and 1489 controls was conducted across 21 hospitals in 11 provinces in China, from April 2012 to April 2013. We developed a structured questionnaire to record information from face-to-face interviews with participants. Student's t-tests, Pearson's chi-square tests, and univariate and multivariate conditional logistic regression analyses were used to identify variables with significant differences between the case and control groups...
November 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227733/identifying-patients-with-copd-in-need-for-psychosocial-care-through-screening-with-the-hscl-25-and-the-ccq-mental-state
#9
Gemma A Maters, Grieteke Pool, Robbert Sanderman, Johan B Wempe, Joke Fleer
High levels of psychological distress are documented in patients with COPD. This study investigates the extent to which patients with a high score on the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist-25 (HSCL-25) or with a high score on the Mental State scale of the Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ) endorse a need for psychosocial care, and investigates several characteristics of patients with a need. Outpatients with COPD of the Department of Pulmonary Diseases of a University Medical Center were assessed with the HSCL-25, CCQ and a question on need for psychosocial care...
December 11, 2017: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227235/drinking-motives-and-alcohol-use-the-serve-study-of-u-s-current-and-former-service-members
#10
Cynthia D Mohr, Cameron T McCabe, Sarah N Haverly, Leslie B Hammer, Kathleen F Carlson
OBJECTIVE: Hazardous drinking in the armed forces is a significant problem. Alcohol use motivations, known risk factors for problem drinking, have been underexplored in this population. Our study extends knowledge about drinking motives among current and former U.S. service members and provides recommendations on their utility in identifying alcohol-related problems by examining the factor structure of multidimensional drinking motives and their association to alcohol use. METHOD: Post-9/11 separated service members and current reservists were recruited from 35 Oregon employers to participate in a workplace study of supervisor support...
January 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227147/-the-investigation-of-attitudes-toward-health-behaviour-among-high-school-and-university-students
#11
Beáta Erika Nagy, Karolina Eszter Kovács
INTRODUCTION: Health awareness plays an important role in our life, which contains attitudes as well behavioural components. Social factors influencing health awareness were the basis of many previous investigations, measuring the effect of demographical and psychological factors. However, investigation of these factors usually happened with separated questions. AIM: The aim of the present study is to test a new questionnaire, which measures health behaviour and attitudes related to health awareness...
November 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226775/corrigendum-the-wisdom-in-virtue-pursuit-of-virtue-predicts-wise-reasoning-about-personal-conflicts
#12
(no author information available yet)
Original Article: Huynh, A. C., Oakes, H., Shay, G. R., & McGregor, I. (2017). The wisdom in virtue: Pursuit of virtue predicts wise reasoning about personal conflicts. Psychological Science, 28, 1848-1856. doi:10.1177/0956797617722621 In this article, results for the Pursuit of Virtue × Conflict Type interaction in Study 2 were incorrectly reported. The final paragraph on page 1854 stated, "As in Study 1, we found a significant Pursuit of Virtue × Conflict Type interaction, F(1, 353) = 4.61, p = .032, η p2 = ...
December 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226316/interpersonal-predictors-of-stress-generation-is%C3%A2-there-a-super-factor
#13
Josephine H Shih, Matthew G Barstead, Nicole Dianno
Hammen's (1991, Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100, 555-561) seminal paper on stress generation highlighted the reciprocal relationship between stress and depression. Not only does stress predict depression, but women with a diagnosis of depression also experienced subsequent increased levels of stress. In the ensuing years, depression researchers have moved beyond clinical predictors and examined whether depression vulnerability factors also contribute to stress generation. This interest has led to a growing focus on interpersonal vulnerability factors that contribute to stress generation...
December 10, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226228/seminar-program-for-postgraduate-specialty-training-in-general-practice-proposal-for-a-5-year-thematic-catalogue
#14
Susanne Sommer, Erika Baum, Julia Magez, Jean-Francois Chenot, Gesine Weckmann, Jost Steinhäuser, Susanne Heim, Dagmar Schneider, Stephan Fuchs
Introduction: In different German regions, seminar programs have been conducted for General practice residents. In each region, selection and teaching of learning content is conducted in a different manner. So far, no structured, standardized curriculum has been implemented nationwide. We have investigated, if the development of a common 5-year program of learning topics is conceivable between the different university departments of General practice in Germany. Method: The seminar program working group of the DEGAM (German College of General Practitioners and Family Physicians) has conducted an online survey based on information gathered via preliminary telephone conference (n=7; physicians with postgraduate teaching experience) among all German university departments of General Practice and two non-university teaching institutions, identified via the internet...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225669/self-regulation-principles-underlying-risk-perception-and-decision-making-within-the-context-of-genomic-testing
#15
Linda D Cameron, Barbara Bowles Biesecker, Ellen Peters, Jennifer M Taber, William M P Klein
Advances in theory and research on self-regulation and decision-making processes have yielded important insights into how cognitive, emotional, and social processes shape risk perceptions and risk-related decisions. We examine how self-regulation theory can be applied to inform our understanding of decision-making processes within the context of genomic testing, a clinical arena in which individuals face complex risk information and potentially life-altering decisions. After presenting key principles of self-regulation, we present a genomic testing case example to illustrate how principles related to risk representations, approach and avoidance motivations, emotion regulation, defensive responses, temporal construals, and capacities such as numeric abilities can shape decisions and psychological responses during the genomic testing process...
May 2017: Social and Personality Psychology Compass
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225412/identity-victimization-and-support-facebook-experiences-and-mental-health-among-lgbtq-youth
#16
Elizabeth A McConnell, Antonia Clifford, Aaron K Korpak, Gregory Phillips, Michelle Birkett
The rise of social networking sites (SNSs) has created new contexts within which lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) youth and young adults manage their social identities and relationships. On one hand, SNSs provide important social support; on the other, they comprise another realm for victimization and discrimination. Context collapse refers to the ways diverse subgroups (e.g., family, co-workers) are often united in Facebook networks, which presents unique challenges related to outness...
November 2017: Computers in Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224931/transparency-about-the-outcomes-of-mental-health-services-iapt-approach-an-analysis-of-public-data
#17
David M Clark, Lauren Canvin, John Green, Richard Layard, Stephen Pilling, Magdalena Janecka
BACKGROUND: Internationally, the clinical outcomes of routine mental health services are rarely recorded or reported; however, an exception is the English Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) service, which delivers psychological therapies recommended by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence for depression and anxiety disorders to more than 537 000 patients in the UK each year. A session-by-session outcome monitoring system ensures that IAPT obtains symptom scores before and after treatment for 98% of patients...
December 7, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224740/chest-pain-and-mental-stress-induced-myocardial-ischemia-sex-differences
#18
Pratik Pimple, Muhammad Hammadah, Kobina Wilmot, Ronnie Ramadan, Ibhar Al Mheid, Oleksiy Levantsevych, Samaah Sullivan, Ernest V Garcia, Jonathon Nye, Amit J Shah, Laura Ward, Puja Mehta, Paolo Raggi, J Douglas Bremner, Arshed A Quyyumi, Viola Vaccarino
BACKGROUND: Mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia (MSIMI) is a frequent phenomenon in patients with coronary artery disease. Women with coronary artery disease tend to have more MSIMI and more chest pain/anginal symptoms than men, but whether the association between MSIMI and angina burden differs in women and men, is unknown. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with experimental manipulation of 950 individuals with stable coronary artery disease. Chest pain/angina frequency in the previous 4 weeks was assessed with the Seattle Angina Questionnaire's angina-frequency subscale...
December 7, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224417/parental-responses-to-temper-outbursts-in-children-with-adhd-the-role-of-psychological-factors
#19
Sheina A Godovich, Samantha Adelsberg, Amy Krain Roy
OBJECTIVE: Children with ADHD frequently exhibit temper outbursts (TO). One related factor may be parental responses, such as harsh discipline and accommodation. This study tests the hypotheses that these responses will be associated with greater TO, and parental characteristics of higher anger and lower sense of competence, in children with ADHD. METHOD: Participants included 79 5- to 9-year-old children with ADHD (77.22% boys). Regressions were used to determine the association between parental psychological factors and responses to TO while covarying for TO frequency, severity, and duration...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223913/prevalence-of-childhood-trauma-and-correlations-between-childhood-trauma-suicidal-ideation-and-social-support-in-patients-with-depression-bipolar-disorder-and-schizophrenia-in-southern-china
#20
Peng Xie, Kai Wu, Yingjun Zheng, Yangbo Guo, Yuling Yang, Jianfei He, Yi Ding, Hongjun Peng
BACKGROUND: Childhood trauma has long-term adverse effects on physical and psychological health. Previous studies demonstrated that suicide and mental disorders were related to childhood trauma. In China, there is insufficient research available on childhood trauma in patients with mental disorders. METHODS: Outpatients were recruited from a psychiatric hospital in southern China, and controls were recruited from local communities. The demographic questionnaire, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF), and the Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS) were completed by all participants, and the Self-rating Idea of Suicide Scale (SIOSS) were completed only by patients...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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