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Psychological testing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027730/psychological-distress-in-post-partum-women-after-non-invasive-prenatal-testing-nipt-in-japan
#1
Eri Takeda, Nobuhiro Suzumori, Takeshi Ebara, Junko Yotsumoto, Kyoko Kumagai, Kumiko Oseto, Hironao Numabe, Mayumi Sugiura-Ogasawara
AIM: The purpose of this study was to clarify the characteristics of psychological mental distress in post-partum women after non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) in Japan. METHODS: Psychological mental distress was assessed using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6). We compared patients with (i) low pre-NIPT K6 and low post-partum K6 scores (control group), and (ii) low pre-NIPT K6 and a high post-partum K6 scores (case group). RESULTS: Among the 697 women who underwent NIPT, 29 (4...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026591/irritable-bowel-syndrome-diagnosis-and-management-a-simplified-algorithm-for-clinical-practice
#2
REVIEW
Paul Moayyedi, Fermín Mearin, Fernando Azpiroz, Viola Andresen, Giovanni Barbara, Maura Corsetti, Anton Emmanuel, A Pali S Hungin, Peter Layer, Vincenzo Stanghellini, Peter Whorwell, Frank Zerbib, Jan Tack
BACKGROUND: Effective management of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a common functional gastrointestinal disorder, can be challenging for physicians because of the lack of simple diagnostic tests and the wide variety of treatment approaches available. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to outline a simple algorithm for day-to-day clinical practice to help physicians navigate key stages to reaching a positive IBS diagnosis and guidance on how to prioritise the use of specific management strategies...
October 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026438/mental-health-assessments-in-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-evaluation-of-a-tablet-assisted-screening-software
#3
Naser Morina, Simon M Ewers, Sandra Passardi, Ulrich Schnyder, Christine Knaevelsrud, Julia Müller, Richard A Bryant, Angela Nickerson, Matthis Schick
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems resulting from persecution and forced migration are very common among refugees and asylum seekers and evolve into a major public health challenge in hosting societies. Language barriers often prevent timely access to appropriate health care, leading to chronic trajectories and abortive social integration. Tools for multilingual screening and assessment could be of great benefit for this particularly vulnerable population as well as for policy makers...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026329/pharmacogenomic-testing-aiding-in-the-management-of-psychotropic-therapy-for-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#4
Seuli Bose-Brill, Jinming Xing, Debra J Barnette, Christopher Hanks
Adolescents with autism have higher rates of anxiety than the general adolescent population. They often struggle to express psychological symptoms verbally where their symptoms may manifest as withdrawal and agitation. Adolescent patients with autism have higher rates of polypharmacy and high-risk psychiatric medication use (eg, atypical antipsychotics) than other patients with psychiatric illness. Primary care pediatricians are at the front lines of psychiatric management for patients with autism. Yet, they have inadequate access to pediatric psychiatry for complex medication management...
2017: Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025824/development-of-an-evidence-based-complex-intervention-for-community-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-hip-fracture-using-realist-review-survey-and-focus-groups
#5
Jessica Louise Roberts, Nafees Ud Din, Michelle Williams, Claire A Hawkes, Joanna M Charles, Zoe Hoare, Val Morrison, Swapna Alexander, Andrew Lemmey, Catherine Sackley, Phillipa Logan, Clare Wilkinson, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Nefyn H Williams
OBJECTIVES: To develop an evidence and theory-based complex intervention for improving outcomes in elderly patients following hip fracture. DESIGN: Complex-intervention development (Medical Research Council (MRC) framework phase I) using realist literature review, surveys and focus groups of patients and rehabilitation teams. SETTING: North Wales. PARTICIPANTS: Surveys of therapy managers (n=13), community and hospital-based physiotherapists (n=129) and occupational therapists (n=68) throughout the UK...
October 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024074/comparison-of-subjective-wellbeing-in-substance-users-and-the-parents-or-partners-of-substance-users
#6
Robert J Tait
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: There is growing interest in the impact of substance use on both the individual consumer's subjective wellbeing (SWB) and the reduced SWB of those closely connected to him or her. The study aimed to compare SWB among substance users ('consumers') and the parents or partners affected by another's substance use, and to evaluate the effect of counselling on changed SWB to 6 months. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study used longitudinal data from a not-for-profit treatment service based in Perth, Australia...
October 12, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023080/depression-is-linked-to-dementia-in-older-adults
#7
COMMENT
Vyara Valkanova, Klaus P Ebmeier, Charlotte L Allan
Depression and dementia are both common conditions in older people, and they frequently occur together. Late life depression affects about 3.0-4.5% of adults aged 65 and older. Depression occurs in up to 20% of patients with Alzheimer’s disease and up to 45% of patients with vascular dementia. Rather than a risk factor, depression with onset in later life is more likely to be either prodromal to dementia or a condition that unmasks pre-existing cognitive impairment by compromising cognitive reserve. Depression can be a psychological response to receiving a diagnosis of dementia...
January 2017: Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022234/selflessness-as-a-predictor-of-remission-from-an-eating-disorder-1-4%C3%A2-year-outcomes-from-an-adolescent-day-care-unit
#8
Uri Pinus, Laura Canetti, Omer Bonne, Eytan Bachar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the potential role of selflessness in predicting remission from an eating disorder (ED) following discharge from an adolescent day-care unit. METHOD: Participants were 95 female patients (aged 13-19 years) with an ED diagnosis across the spectrum admitted to an adolescent day-care unit for EDs between 2008 and 2012. Forty-one of these participants completed the follow-up assessment, between 12 and 46 months following discharge. No significant differences were found in Time 1 variables between patients who participated in Time 2 and those who did not...
October 11, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021170/a-human-model-for-primate-personality
#9
REVIEW
Alexander Weiss
In this article, I review the literature to determine how successful the latent trait theory model of personality from differential psychology has been for studying personality in non-human primates. The evidence for the success of this model is quite good, and offers insights and directions for personality research in primates and other animals. This, I conclude, stems from (i) the human trait model's simplicity, and (ii) the fact that the human differential model of personality developed in the face of harsh criticism, which led researchers to test and refine their models...
October 11, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020832/cultural-adaptation-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-shirom-melamed-vigor-measure-smvm-with-workers-in-spain
#10
Manuel Pulido-Martos, Montserrat Meléndez-Domínguez, Esther Lopez-Zafra
Shirom's proposal about engagement focuses on vigor. Under this approach, vigor is considered an affect that mediates the relationship between resources, behaviors, and attitudes related to psychological functioning and health. It is important for occupational health professionals to have adequate measures of this construct. The Shirom-Melamed vigor measure (SMVM) was developed to capture this sense of energy comprising three components (physical strength, emotional energy, and cognitive liveliness). In the absence of a Spanish version of the SMVM, our aim is to perform a cultural adaptation and to further analyze its psychometric properties...
January 1, 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020649/neuroendocrine-stress-reactivity-of-male-c57bl-6n-mice-following-chronic-oral-corticosterone-exposure-during-adulthood-or-adolescence
#11
Ziasmin Shahanoor, Razia Sultana, Madelyn R Baker, Russell D Romeo
Adolescence is associated with the maturation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, the major neuroendocrine axis mediating the hormonal stress response. Adolescence is also a period in development marked by a variety of stress-related vulnerabilities, including psychological and physiological dysfunctions. Many of these vulnerabilities are accompanied by a disrupted HPA axis. In adult mice, a model of disrupted HPA function has been developed using oral chronic corticosterone administration via the drinking water, which results in various physiological and neurobehavioral abnormalities, including changes in stress reactivity and anxiety-like behaviors...
October 4, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020085/success-rates-in-smoking-cessation-psychological-preparation-plays-a-critical-role-and-interacts-with-other-factors-such-as-psychoactive-substances
#12
Bertrand Joly, Jean Perriot, Philippe d'Athis, Emmanuel Chazard, Georges Brousse, Catherine Quantin
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with the results of smoking cessation attempts. METHODS: Data were collected in Clermont-Ferrand from a smoking cessation clinic between 1999 and 2009 (1,361 patients). Smoking cessation was considered a success when patients were abstinent 6 months after the beginning of cessation. Multivariate logistic regression was used to investigate the association between abstinence and different factors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019445/the-beneficial-effect-of-contextual-emotion-on-memory-the-role-of-integration
#13
Anthony Macri, Amélie Pavard, Rémy Versace
This study investigates the effects of emotion on the integration mechanism which binds together the components of an event and the relations between these components and encodes them within a memory trace [Versace, R., Vallet, G. T., Riou, B., Lesourd, M., Labeye, É, & Brunel, L. (2014). Act-In: An integrated view of memory mechanisms. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 26(3), 280-306. doi: 10.1080/20445911.2014.892113 ]. Based on the literature, the authors argue that, in a memory task, contextual emotion could strengthen the integration mechanism and, more specifically, the relations between a target item and its contextual features...
October 11, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018043/educational-added-value-unit-development-and-testing-of-a-measure-for-educational-activities
#14
Amy B Guiot, Eric S Kirkendall, Craig H Gosdin, Samir S Shah, Dominick J DeBlasio, Katie A Meier, Jennifer K O'Toole
OBJECTIVES: University-based hospitalists educate health care professionals as an expectation, often lacking time and support for these activities. The purpose of this study was to (1) develop a tracking tool to record educational activities, (2) demonstrate its applicability and ease of completion for faculty members in different divisions, and (3) compare educational efforts of individuals from different professional pathways and divisions by using the educational added value unit (EAVU)...
October 10, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017558/stress-health-and-quality-of-life-of-female-migrant-domestic-workers-in-singapore-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
S G Anjara, L B Nellums, C Bonetto, T Van Bortel
BACKGROUND: There is a global increase in migrant workers. In Singapore, there are over 230,000 migrant domestic workers (MDWs). Female MDWs may experience high levels of stress and social isolation, which may negatively impact on their health and quality of life. There have also been documented cases of abuse and exploitation. However, there is a lack of empirical research with this population. This study aimed to investigate factors impacting on the health and quality of life of female MDWs in Singapore, including socio-demographic and job related characteristics, stress, social isolation, and working management style...
October 10, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017481/cognitive-behavioral-group-therapy-for-patients-with-physical-diseases-and-comorbid-depressive-or-adjustment-disorders-on-a-waiting-list-for-individual-therapy-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Miriam Ruesch, Almut Helmes, Juergen Bengel
BACKGROUND: Depressive and adjustment disorders are highly prevalent in patients with physical diseases and are associated with poorer quality of life, increased morbidity and mortality, as well as higher healthcare costs. Access to mental health care holds strong importance for these patients, although waiting times for outpatient individual psychotherapy in Germany are often long. Attending an intervention while waiting for individual therapy could improve this problem. For this purpose, we developed an eight-session cognitive behavioral group therapy (STEpS) and tested its efficacy in a randomized controlled trial...
October 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017190/-factors-influencing-chronic-back-pain-in-care-workers-attending-to-the-elderly-in-germany
#17
Dorothee Frey, Sandra Rieger, Elisabeth Diehl, Luis Carlos Escobar Pinzon
Introduction The present study determined the lifetime prevalence of chronic back pain in care workers attending to the needs of elderly in Rhineland-Palatinate facilities and identified potential influencing factors. Methods In a cross-sectional survey, 155 care workers in 5 institutions for the elderly care were interviewed with a written questionnaire. Questions from different standardised questionnaires were combined with our own questions. We complemented the examination with 2 standardized exercise tests...
October 10, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017160/role-of-molecular-biology-in-diagnosis-and-characterization-of-vulvo-vaginitis-in-clinical-practice
#18
Gilbert G G Donders, Jacques Ravel, Beatrice Vitali, Mihai G Netea, Andres Salumets, Magnus Unemo
The diagnosis of vulvo-vaginal complaints has always been enigmatic in obstetrics and gynecology. Patients with clear, pathognomonic symptoms end up with a proper diagnosis and treatment most of the time, but unfortunately we are now living in a world where women reach out to the Internet and readily get all information as to which disease their symptoms correspond to and also find the appropriate treatment "over-the-counter." Because of this trend, we as specialists are increasingly confronted with patients with complex and combined conditions...
October 10, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017015/a-twelve-week-lifestyle-program-to-improve-cardiometabolic-behavioral-and-psychological-health-in-hispanic-children-and-adolescents
#19
Sami Yli-Piipari, Alison Berg, Emma M Laing, Diane L Hartzell, Kenneth O Parris, Jon Udwadia, Richard D Lewis
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of a 12-week lifestyle program on cardiometabolic, behavioral, and psychological outcomes among overweight Hispanic children and adolescents. DESIGN: A case series study with pre- and post-test analyses. Subjects/Settings/Location: A convenience sample of high-risk pediatric primary care patients (n = 22; 6 girls, 16 boys; M age = 11.73 ± 1.39 years) and their guardians in the Southeast United States. INTERVENTION: Twice per week 60 min (total of 24 h) of moderate-to-vigorous intensity boxing exercise training, 12 h of nutrition education for guardians, and a 30-min pediatrician appointment...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016981/prevalence-of-polysubstance-abuse-and-dual-diagnosis-in-patients-admitted-to-alcohol-rehabilitation-units-for-alcohol-related-problems-in-italy-changes-in-15-years
#20
A Zambon, C Airoldi, G Corrao, M Cibin, D Agostini, F Aliotta, M Movalli, F Biondini, P Bizzi, G Zucchi, G Cerizza, A Dattola, A Marmora, G Vittadini, F Girardi, L Liberto, I M Hinnenthal, A Jaretti Sodano, P Vizzuso, E Majolino, D Mioni, L Pedretti, P Ranaletti, M Forghieri, G Spolaor, I Giorgi
Aims: Alcohol abuse has long been known as a disease with social and economic burden to society. Given the complex nature of alcohol treatment, it is worthwhile to examine the change over time of patients admitted to residential alcohol abuse rehabilitation units. Methods: The data were collected from two Italian projects on alcoholics performed in the mid-1990s (ASSALT) and in 2009 (CORRAL), respectively. Categorical variables were considered in terms of absolute and relative frequencies...
September 13, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
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