keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Psychological testing

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913052/measure-of-processes-of-care-mpoc-translation-and-validation-for-use-in-korea
#1
M An, J G Kim, J Kim
BACKGROUND: The measure of processes of care (MPOC) is a widely used instrument to assess parents' perception of the extent to which healthcare services they and their child receive are family centred. The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of the Korean translation of the MPOC (Korean MPOC). METHODS: The Korean MPOC was completed by 198 parents of children receiving rehabilitation services in five provinces in South Korea. According to the Canadian validation procedures, analyses for internal consistency, construct and concurrent validity, and test-retest reliability were performed...
July 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912985/the-association-between-pubertal-status-and-depressive-symptoms-and-diagnoses-in-adolescent-females-a-population-based-cohort-study
#2
Gemma Lewis, Konstantinos Ioannidis, Anne-Laura van Harmelen, Sharon Neufeld, Jan Stochl, Glyn Lewis, Peter B Jones, Ian Goodyer
BACKGROUND: There is an association between puberty and depression, but many things remain poorly understood. When assessing puberty in females, most studies combine indicators of breast and pubic hair development which are controlled by different hormonal pathways. The contributions of pubertal timing (age at onset) and pubertal status (stage of development, irrespective of timing) are also poorly understood. We tested the hypothesis that stage of breast development in female adolescents, controlled largely by increased estradiol, would be more strongly associated with depression than pubic hair development which occurs in both males and females, and is controlled by adrenal androgens...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912624/the-effect-of-graphic-warnings-on-sugary-drink-purchasing
#3
Grant E Donnelly, Laura Y Zatz, Dan Svirsky, Leslie K John
Governments have proposed text warning labels to decrease consumption of sugary drinks-a contributor to chronic diseases such as diabetes. However, they may be less effective than more evocative, graphic warning labels. We field-tested the effectiveness of graphic warning labels (vs. text warning labels, calorie labels, and no labels), provided insight into psychological mechanisms driving effectiveness, and assessed consumer sentiment. Study 1 indicated that graphic warning labels reduced the share of sugary drinks purchased in a cafeteria from 21...
June 1, 2018: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912174/impact-of-sliding-window-length-in-indoor-human-motion-modes-and-pose-pattern-recognition-based-on-smartphone-sensors
#4
Gaojing Wang, Qingquan Li, Lei Wang, Wei Wang, Mengqi Wu, Tao Liu
Human activity recognition (HAR) is essential for understanding people’s habits and behaviors, providing an important data source for precise marketing and research in psychology and sociology. Different approaches have been proposed and applied to HAR. Data segmentation using a sliding window is a basic step during the HAR procedure, wherein the window length directly affects recognition performance. However, the window length is generally randomly selected without systematic study. In this study, we examined the impact of window length on smartphone sensor-based human motion and pose pattern recognition...
June 18, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911417/public-reactions-to-male-versus-female-terrorism-experimental-evidence-for-the-male-warrior-hypothesis
#5
Miriam Lindner
One of the most consistent findings in the domain of criminal justice is that female and male offenders are perceived differently, often resulting in milder sentencing of women compared to men. Although previous studies have sought to identify factors that shape public reactions to terrorism and support for harsh interrogation techniques in its aftermath, empirical studies on differential reactions to female (vs. male) terrorist violence remain scarce. Here, it is argued that the often-violent evolutionary history of our species has shaped the way in which we perceive and react to female (vs...
April 2018: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911407/when-the-party-decides-the-effects-of-facial-competence-and-dominance-on-internal-nominations-of-political-candidates
#6
Lasse Laustsen, Michael Bang Petersen
The facial traits and appearance of political candidates have been found to predict election outcomes across countries with different electoral systems and institutions. Research over the last decade has provided two different versions of this overall conclusion. First and most thoroughly studied, candidates who from their mere faces are evaluated as more competent get more votes on Election Day. Second, recent research finds that the ideological leanings of candidates and the voters they cater to also matter: Right-wing and conservative candidates receive more votes if they look more dominant, while liberal candidates lose votes when looking dominant and masculine...
April 2018: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911318/generalized-information-theory-meets-human-cognition-introducing-a-unified-framework-to-model-uncertainty-and-information-search
#7
Vincenzo Crupi, Jonathan D Nelson, Björn Meder, Gustavo Cevolani, Katya Tentori
Searching for information is critical in many situations. In medicine, for instance, careful choice of a diagnostic test can help narrow down the range of plausible diseases that the patient might have. In a probabilistic framework, test selection is often modeled by assuming that people's goal is to reduce uncertainty about possible states of the world. In cognitive science, psychology, and medical decision making, Shannon entropy is the most prominent and most widely used model to formalize probabilistic uncertainty and the reduction thereof...
June 17, 2018: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910844/comparing-treatment-modalities-for-end-stage-renal-disease-a-meta-analysis
#8
Gilbert L Queeley, Ellen S Campbell
Background: End-stage renal disease (ESRD) imposes significant economic and social burdens on patients and healthcare systems. In the United States alone, more than 600,000 Americans have ESRD, with an estimated annual cost of treatment of more than $30 billion. Peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis are competing renal replacement therapies in ESRD; however, data comparing quality-of-life outcomes between these 2 modalities are limited. Objectives: To compare the effectiveness of peritoneal dialysis with the more common treatment modality of hemodialysis on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with ESRD in the general, physical, and psychological domains; and to determine whether the time of publication and the origin of each study influenced its findings regarding the effectiveness of the 2 modalities...
May 2018: American Health & Drug Benefits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910835/supportive-care-needs-of-multicultural-patients-with-cancer-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#9
Satish Chandrasekhar Nair, Hassan Jaafar, Mohamed Jaloudi, Khaled Qawasmeh, Afra AlMarar, Halah Ibrahim
Despite the high prevalence of cancer in the Middle East, there is limited published data reporting the needs of cancer patients in this region of the world. The purpose of this study is to assess the unmet supportive care needs of oncology patients in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). From December 2014 to December 2016, a cross-sectional survey of cancer patients was conducted at a large tertiary care hospital and an oncology referral centre in the UAE, using a validated Arabic translation of the supportive care needs survey--short form (SCNS-SF34-A), assessing cancer-specific perceived needs across five domains: psychological, health system information, patient care and support, physical and daily living and sexuality...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910755/promoting-well-being-in-old-age-the-psychological-benefits-of-two-training-programs-of-adapted-physical-activity
#10
Antonella Delle Fave, Marta Bassi, Elena S Boccaletti, Carlotta Roncaglione, Giuseppina Bernardelli, Daniela Mari
In the last few decades, the relationship between physical conditions and mental health has increasingly attracted the interest of researchers and professionals across disciplines. This relationship is especially relevant in old age, as the challenges posed by aging at various levels represent crucial concerns for policy makers. Due to the remarkable increase in life expectancy across countries, sustainable prevention strategies are needed to help individuals preserve psychophysical well-being in old age. In particular, the regular practice of a moderately intense physical activity is recommended by the World Health Organization to enhance balance, prevent falls, strengthen muscles, and promote psychophysical well-being...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910352/flourishing-affect-and-relative-autonomy-in-adult-exercisers-a-within-person-basic-psychological-need-fulfillment-perspective
#11
Zişan Kazak Çetinkalp, Marc Lochbaum
Flourishing is a construct used to understand human growth. Exercise psychology research is scant concerning this valuable construct. Hence, our purpose was to examine different levels of flourishing and related constructs within a large group of self-reported exercisers from a basic psychological need profile perspective. Participants were 389 female and 387 male adults attending fitness centers. Hierarchical cluster analyses revealed the presence of three clusters with significantly different psychological need profiles across the three basic needs...
May 25, 2018: Sports (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909738/relationships-between-hoffman-reflex-parameters-trait-stress-and-athletic-performance
#12
Rasool Bagheri, Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi, Rozita Hedayati, Ziaeddin Safavi-Farokhi, Atefeh Aminian-Far, Sadegh Tavakoli, Jafar Bagheri
This study evaluated the relationships between trait stress, Hoffman reflex, and performance among 36 healthy amateur male athletes. We first obtained a trait stress questionnaire from participants and then assigned them to high- and low-stress groups. We next recorded Hoffman reflex data from the soleus and lateral gastrocnemius muscles and then examined their athletic performance on testing protocols separated by a 72-hour washout period. Performance testing utilized vertical jump height, 20 -m sprint time, and standing stork tests...
January 1, 2018: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909480/attitudes-towards-seeking-psychological-help-an-integrative-model-based-on-contact-essentialist-beliefs-about-mental-illness-and-stigma
#13
Alexandra Hantzi, Fotios Anagnostopoulos, Eva Alexiou
Based on intergroup contact theory, a proposed comprehensive model of attitudes towards seeking professional psychological help was tested, including both potential barriers to mental health help-seeking (i.e., public stigma and self-stigma of seeking help, prejudicial and essentialist beliefs about mental illness, intergroup anxiety) and potential facilitators (i.e., direct and extended contact with persons with mental illness). Relevant measures were completed by 119 community-dwelling participants. Path analysis showed that direct (but not extended) contact with mental illness, by reducing intergroup anxiety, led to less negative beliefs about mental illness and weaker essentialist beliefs about mental illness (the latter being directly and positively associated with negative beliefs about mental illness)...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909164/-is-it-possible-to-practice-sports-with-an-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator
#14
Charles Guenancia, Rodrigue Garcia
Why? The potential risks of sport for an ICD recipient include appropriate and inappropriate shocks, device damage and worsening of the underlying cardiopathy. These risks should be compared to the physical and psychological benefits of exercise. Where? Due to different medico-legal contexts and considering the results of recent studies, the new US guidelines are more permissive than the European guidelines regarding sport practice in ICD recipients. Who? The underlying context (structural or electrical cardiopathy, psychological impact) should be assessed before any decision is taken...
June 13, 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908926/factors-associated-with-a-discretionary-upper-extremity-surgery
#15
Tom J Crijns, David N Bernstein, David Ring, Ron Gonzalez, Danielle Wilbur, Warren C Hammert
PURPOSE: Surgery for nontraumatic upper-extremity problems is largely discretionary and preference-sensitive. Psychological and social determinants of health correlate with greater symptoms and limitations and might be associated with discretionary operative treatment. METHODS: We used routinely collected patient-reported outcome measures from patients with de Quervain tendinopathy, ganglion cyst, trapeziometacarpal arthritis, trigger digit, and carpal tunnel syndrome to study factors associated with discretionary surgery using multiple logistic regression...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908483/sex-differences-in-nicotine-dependency-and-depressive-tendency-among-smokers
#16
Maki Komiyama, Hajime Yamakage, Noriko Satoh-Asahara, Yuka Ozaki, Tatsuya Morimoto, Akira Shimatsu, Yuko Takahashi, Koji Hasegawa
Depressive tendency and nicotine dependency are factors related to the failure of smoking cessation. Women generally have a higher depressive tendency and difficulty in smoking cessation than men. However, the impact of sex differences on the relationship between nicotine dependency and depressive tendency remains unclear. We evaluated 727 patients (496 men and 231 women) who visited our outpatient clinic for smoking cessation therapy and compared various parameters measured between sexes during consultation...
June 9, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905496/ambulatory-advanced-cancer-patients-and-oncologists-estimates-of-life-expectancy-are-associated-with-patient-psychological-characteristics-but-not-chemotherapy-use
#17
Larry D Cripe, Kevin L Rand, Susan M Perkins, Yan Tong, Karen Krall Schmidt, David G Hedrick, Susan M Rawl
BACKGROUND: Patients with advanced cancer often face distressing decisions about chemotherapy. There are conflicting data on the relationships among perceived prognosis, psychological characteristics, and chemotherapy use, which impair the refinement of decision support interventions. OBJECTIVE: Clarify the relationships among patient and oncologist estimates of life expectancy for 6 and 12 months, chemotherapy use, and patient psychological characteristics. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data from two cross-sectional studies...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904361/leaders-in-interdependent-contexts-suppress-nonverbal-assertiveness-a-multilevel-analysis-of-japanese-university-club-leaders-and-members-rank-signaling
#18
Atsuki Ito, Matthias S Gobel, Yukiko Uchida
Previous research has shown that leadership is signaled through nonverbal assertiveness. However, those studies have been mostly conducted in individualistic cultural contexts, such as in the U.S. Here, we suggest that one important strategy for goal attainment in collectivistic cultures is for leaders to self-regulate their behaviors. Thus, contrary to the previous evidence from individualistic cultural contexts, in collectivistic cultural contexts, leaders might suppress nonverbal assertiveness. To test this possibility, we assessed nonverbal behaviors (NVB) of Japanese leaders and members, and how they were evaluated by observers...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903666/-alusti-test-new-scale-for-assessment-of-physical-performance-in-the-geriatric-population
#19
Juan José Calvo Aguirrey, Josu Alustiza Navarro, Joana Uranga Zaldúa, Cristina Sarasqueta Eizaguirre, Olga Bueno Yáñez
INTRODUCTION: Physical and psychological functional conditions are key factors in the elderly population. Many evaluation tools are available, but they cannot be applied to the whole geriatric population. The use Alusti Test is presented. This test consists of 2versions, which enable it to encompass this wide and complex population spectrum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study with the institutionalised, hospitalised, and community population, was conducted between September and December 2016...
June 11, 2018: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903203/-between-psychological-well-being-and-negative-academic-emotions-in-left-behind-middle-school-student-in-anhui-province-in-2016-the-moderating-role-of-cognitive-reappraisal
#20
Daoyang Wang, Li Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To explore the role of cognitive reappraisal in the relationship between left-behind middle school student's negative academic emotions and psychological well-being. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was conducted among 434 left-behind middle school student aged 11-18 years old from January to February in 2016. In thisstudy, psychological well-being questionnaire, negative academic emotion questionnaire, emotion regulation questionnaire and background information questionnaire were used in team test...
November 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
keyword
keyword
52599
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"