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ultrasound fracture reduction

Robert P Olympia, Robert Wilkinson, Jennifer Dunnick, Brendan J Dougherty, Debra Zauner
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to describe pediatric emergency department (ED) referrals from urgent care centers and to determine the percentage of referrals considered essential and serious. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted between April 2013 and April 2015 on patients younger than 21 years referred directly to an ED in central Pennsylvania from surrounding urgent care centers. Referrals were considered essential or serious based on investigations/procedures performed or medications/consultations received in the ED...
October 8, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Won Soek Chae, Sang Hyun Kim, Sung Hwan Cho, Joon Ho Lee, Mi Sun Lee
The superficial peroneal nerve is vulnerable to damage from ankle sprain injuries and fractures as well as surgery to this region. And it is also one of the most commonly involved nerves in complex regional pain syndrome type II in the foot and ankle region. We report two cases of ultrasound-guided pulsed radiofrequency treatment of superficial peroneal nerve for reduction of allodynia in CRPS patients.
October 2016: Korean Journal of Pain
Mustafa Avcı, Nalan Kozacı, İnan Beydilli, Fevzi Yılmaz, Arif Onur Eden, Sadullah Turhan
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to compare the efficacy of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) and computed tomography (CT) in the diagnosis of the fracture of the bones that form the elbow joint and the determination of treatment method in elbow injuries. METHODS: Forty-nine patients aged 5 to 65 years, who were admitted with low-energy elbow injuries, had at least 1 fracture of the elbow joint bones, and underwent CT scanning, were included in this study...
August 27, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Yahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati Salman, Erdem Cevik, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-Bordomás, Mustafa Z Mahmoud, Abdelmoneim Sulieman, Abbas Ali, Alrayah Mustafa, Ihab Abdelrahman, Mustafa Bahar, Osama Ali, H Lester Kirchner, Gregor Prosen, Ajda Anzic, Paul Leeson, Maryam Bahreini, Fatemeh Rasooli, Houman Hosseinnejad, Gabriel Blecher, Robert Meek, Diana Egerton-Warburton, Edina Ćatić Ćuti, Stanko Belina, Tihomir Vančina, Idriz Kovačević, Nadan Rustemović, Ikwan Chang, Jin Hee Lee, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun Kim, Chi-Yung Cheng, Hsiu-Yung Pan, Chia-Te Kung, Ela Ćurčić, Ena Pritišanac, Ivo Planinc, Marijana Grgić Medić, Radovan Radonić, Abiola Fasina, Anthony J Dean, Nova L Panebianco, Patricia S Henwood, Oliviero Fochi, Moreno Favarato, Ezio Bonanomi, Ivan Tomić, Youngrock Ha, Hongchuen Toh, Elizabeth Harmon, Wilma Chan, Cameron Baston, Gail Morrison, Frances Shofer, Angela Hua, Sharon Kim, James Tsung, Isa Gunaydin, Zeynep Kekec, Mehmet Oguzhan Ay, Jinjoo Kim, Jinhyun Kim, Gyoosung Choi, Dowon Shim, Ji-Han Lee, Jana Ambrozic, Katja Prokselj, Miha Lucovnik, Gabrijela Brzan Simenc, Asta Mačiulienė, Almantas Maleckas, Algimantas Kriščiukaitis, Vytautas Mačiulis, Andrius Macas, Sharad Mohite, Zoltan Narancsik, Hugon Možina, Sara Nikolić, Jan Hansel, Rok Petrovčič, Una Mršić, Simon Orlob, Markus Lerchbaumer, Niklas Schönegger, Reinhard Kaufmann, Chun-I Pan, Chien-Hung Wu, Sarah Pasquale, Stephanie J Doniger, Sharon Yellin, Gerardo Chiricolo, Maja Potisek, Borut Drnovšek, Boštjan Leskovar, Kristine Robinson, Clara Kraft, Benjamin Moser, Stephen Davis, Shelley Layman, Yusef Sayeed, Joseph Minardi, Irmina Sefic Pasic, Amra Dzananovic, Anes Pasic, Sandra Vegar Zubovic, Ana Godan Hauptman, Ana Vujaklija Brajkovic, Jaksa Babel, Marina Peklic, Vedran Radonic, Luka Bielen, Peh Wee Ming, Nur Hafiza Yezid, Fatahul Laham Mohammed, Zainal Abidin Huda, Wan Nasarudin Wan Ismail, W Yus Haniff W Isa, Hashairi Fauzi, Praveena Seeva, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan
A1 Point-of-care ultrasound examination of cervical spine in emergency departmentYahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati SalmanA2 A new technique in verifying the placement of a nasogastric tube: obtaining the longitudinal view of nasogastric tube in addition to transverse view with ultrasoundYahya Acar, Necati Salman, Onur Tezel, Erdem CevikA3 Pseudoaneurysm of the femoral artery after cannulation of a central venous line. Should we always use ultrasound in these procedures?Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA4 Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular subclavian vein catheterization...
September 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
Richard Amini, Parisa Patricia Javedani, Albert Amini, Srikar Adhikari
Phalanx fractures and interphalangeal joint dislocations commonly present to the emergency department. Although these orthopedic injuries are not complex, the four-point digital block used for anesthesia during the reduction can be painful. Additionally, cases requiring prolonged manipulation or consultation for adequate reduction may require repeat blockade. This case series reports four patients presenting after mechanical injuries resulting in phalanx fracture or interphalangeal joint dislocations. These patients received an ultrasound-guided peripheral nerve block of the forearm with successful subsequent reduction...
2016: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Steve Socransky, Andrew Skinner, Mark Bromley, Andrew Smith, Alexandre Anawati, Jeff Middaugh, Peter Ross, Paul Atkinson
Introduction Closed reduction of distal radius fractures (CRDRF) is a commonly performed emergency department (ED) procedure. The use of point-of-care ultrasound (PoCUS) to diagnose fractures and guide reduction has previously been described. The primary objective of this study was to determine if the addition of PoCUS to CRDRF changed the perception of successful initial reduction. This was measured by the rate of further reduction attempts based on PoCUS following the initial clinical determination of achievement of best possible reduction...
2016: Curēus
Niall M H McLeod, Nadeem R Saeed
Controversy continues about the benefits and disadvantages of open reduction and internal fixation of fractures of the condylar head. Once a decision to treat surgically has been made, an appropriate method of fixation must be chosen. Standard titanium fixation has a number of complications, including the risk of protrusion of the screw beyond the condylar head and the possible need for removal later. Resorbable fixation is an alternative, and ultrasound-activated resorbable pins are a new innovation. We have treated a series of 15 patients with 17 fractures of the condylar head, in which the use of ultrasound-activated resorbable fixation has provided adequate strength and stability during early healing...
October 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Sjoerd Rutten, Michel P J van den Bekerom, Inger N Sierevelt, Petrus A Nolte
BACKGROUND: Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) is frequently used to enhance or to accelerate fracture-healing, but its clinical role and effectiveness as a treatment modality remain uncertain. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to determine the efficiency of LIPUS on bone-healing and/or fracture union, as well as on functional recovery. METHODS: The databases of PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL, Web of Science, and Embase were searched for trials concerning LIPUS stimulation and bone-healing or fracture repair, in any language, published from the inception of the database to January 2, 2015...
March 29, 2016: JBJS Rev
Takahiro Niikura, Sang Yang Lee, Takashi Iwakura, Masahiro Kurosaka
BACKGROUND: The Masquelet technique is a relatively new option in the management of bone defects. It consists of 2-stage surgery. At first surgery, a cement spacer is placed to fill the bone defect. After a waiting period of 6-8 weeks, a pseudo-synovial membrane is formed around the cement. The induced membrane is rich in vascularity and osteogenic activity. At second surgery, the cement is replaced with an autologous bone graft and the graft is packed in the membrane. To harvest large quantities of bone graft, the reamer irrigator aspirator (RIA) is utilized...
August 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Anita Sabzghabaei, Majid Shojaee, Ali Arhami Dolatabadi, Mohammad Manouchehrifar, Mahdi Asadi
INTRODUCTION: Distal radius fractures are a common traumatic injury, particularly in the elderly population. In the present study we examined the effectiveness of ultrasound guidance in the reduction of distal radius fractures in adult patients presenting to emergency department (ED). METHODS: In this prospective case control study, eligible patients were adults older than 18 years who presented to the ED with distal radius fractures. 130 consecutive patient consisted of two group of Sixty-Five patients were prospectively enrolled for around 1 years...
2016: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Christian Fischer, Marion Frank, Pierre Kunz, Michael Tanner, Marc-André Weber, Arash Moghaddam, Gerhard Schmidmaier, Andreas Hug
INTRODUCTION: Closed reduction and locked plate fixation of proximal humerus fractures with the minimally invasive deltoid-splitting approach intends to minimize soft tissue damage although axillary nerve injury has been reported. The aim of this study was to assess the deltoid muscle perfusion with dynamic contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) as novel technique and evaluate its relation to the functional and neurologic outcome after open (ORIF) and minimally invasive (MIPO) fracture fixation...
August 2016: Injury
Sasha J Tharakan, Rushyuan J Lee, Ammie M White, J Todd R Lawrence
Distal humeral epiphyseal separations are rare and treatment strategies are not well defined. The case of a full-term male newborn with a distal humeral epiphyseal separation as the result of a birth trauma was reviewed. A literature review of this topic was undertaken to better understand its occurrence, diagnosis, and treatment options. The patient sustained a distal humeral epiphyseal separation during a vaginal delivery. Deformity and decreased movement in the elbow were observed. Radiographs and subsequent ultrasound were used to make the diagnosis of distal humeral epiphyseal separation...
July 1, 2016: Orthopedics
D Williams, J Singh, N Heidari, M Ahmad, A Noorani, L Di Mascio
INTRODUCTION: Volar locking plates are used to treat unstable and displaced fractures of the distal radius. Potential advantages of stable anatomical reduction (eg early mobilisation) can be limited by penetration of dorsal screws, leading to synovitis and potential rupture of extensor tendons. Despite intraoperative imaging, penetration of dorsal screws continues to be a problem in volar plating of the distal radius. Ultrasound is a well recognised, readily available, diagnostic tool used to assess soft-tissue impingement by orthopaedic hardware...
February 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Giancarlo Caruso, Andrea Vitali, Ferdinando del Prete
A 62-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital after a bicycle accident with a displaced left (non-dominant) distal radius fracture. After closed reduction a long cast was applied. Due to loss of reduction, twenty-four days later open reduction internal fixation with locking compression plate (LCP) was performed. The patient returned to her normal activities but nineteen months after surgery showed functional impairment of the left thumb for Extensor Pollicis Longus (EPL) injury for which she necessitated transposition surgery...
December 2015: Injury
Seung Uk Bang, Yee Suk Kim, Woo Jin Kwon, Sang Mook Lee, Soo Hyang Kim
General anesthesia and central neuraxial blockades in patients with severe Duchenne muscular dystrophy are associated with high risks of complications, including rhabdomyolysis, malignant hyperthermia, hemodynamic instability, and postoperative mechanical ventilation. Here, we describe peripheral nerve blocks as a safe approach to anesthesia in a patient with severe Duchenne muscular dystrophy who was scheduled to undergo surgery. A 22-year-old male patient was scheduled to undergo reduction and internal fixation of a left distal femur fracture...
April 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
Bobby M Wellsh, Jerzy M Kuzma
BACKGROUND: Pediatric forearm fractures are a common presentation in emergency departments in Papua New Guinea. Often these children undergo "blind" closed reduction with reduction adequacy assessed by standard radiographs. This study aims to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of ultrasound (US) in guiding closed reduction of pediatric forearm fractures in a resource-limited setting. METHODS: We recruited consecutive children with closed forearm fractures requiring reduction...
January 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Yoshimune Osaka, Naho Shimada, Rie Saito, Ikue Saito, Yuki Kozono, Takeshi Ando, Muneaki Shimada
BACKGROUND: Epidural analgesia provides good pain relief for patients with fracture of the foot Ultrasound-guided peripheral nerve block offers safety and efficacy without affecting the leg. METHODS: We compared the continuous sciatic nerve block with the continuous epidural anesthesia regarding postoperative pain after the open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of the ankle fracture or calcaneal bone fracture. RESULTS: Fifteen patients were included in the epidural group (group E), and 17 patients in the sciatic nerve block group (group S)...
April 2015: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Martin Dennis, Peter Sandercock, Catriona Graham, John Forbes, J Smith
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common cause of death and morbidity in stroke patients. There are few data concerning the effectiveness of intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) in treating patients with stroke. OBJECTIVES: To establish whether or not the application of IPC to the legs of immobile stroke patients reduced their risk of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). DESIGN: Clots in Legs Or sTockings after Stroke (CLOTS) 3 was a multicentre, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial which allocated patients via a central randomisation system to IPC or no IPC...
September 2015: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Waleed Kishta, Fahad H Abduljabbar, Marie Gdalevitch, Frank Rauch, Reggie Hamdy, François Fassier
BACKGROUND: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a heritable skeletal disorder characterized by bone fragility and short stature that is usually due to mutations in 1 of the 2 genes that code for collagen type I α-chains. The association between hip dysplasia and OI has not been systematically investigated. In this single-center study, we retrospectively reviewed all cases of OI associated with hip dysplasia to describe clinical characteristics and the effect of therapy. METHODS: We reviewed the charts of 687 patients with OI who were seen at the Shriners Hospital for Children in Montreal between 1999 and 2013 to identify patients with a diagnosis of hip dysplasia...
September 18, 2015: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
M Scaglione, L Fabbri, F Casella, G Guido
UNLABELLED: This randomized and controlled study evaluated the effect of therapy with strontium ranelate on callus formation in wrist fractures and its incidence in wrist recovery. Radiographic healing, progression of clinical recovery, and callus quality with ultrasound were evaluated. No statistically significant benefit of therapy was found. INTRODUCTION: Fracture prevention is the main goal of any therapy for osteoporosis. Various drugs used in osteoporosis treatment have the theoretical premises to promote fracture healing and osseointegration...
January 2016: Osteoporosis International
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