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ultrasound fracture reduction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026819/the-role-of-dynamic-ultrasound-in-the-immediate-conservative-treatment-of-volar-plate-injuries-of-the-pip-joint-a-series-of-78-patients
#1
Franck Marie Leclère, Lukas Mathys, Bettina Juon, Esther Vögelin
INTRODUCTION: The management of volar plate avulsion fractures in the context of a stable joint and a bony fragment of less than 30% has traditionally been conservative. This study was performed to assess volar plate healing with high-resolution ultrasound in order to provide early full mobilization. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between January 2012 and December 2013, 78 patients with volar plate injuries of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints (42 distortions and 36 dislocations) were treated conservatively in our department for volar plate avulsion fracture associated with stable joint and bony fragment inferior to 30% of the intra-articular surface assessed both by radiography and ultrasound...
August 2017: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022165/a-new-approach-to-treat-bone-gaps-after-midfacial-and-zygomatic-fractures-with-a-collagen-membrane
#2
Matthias Krause, Heike Hümpfner-Hierl, Lutz Völker, Thomas Hierl, Niels Christian Pausch
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to analyze the eligibility of resorbable collagen membrane in the treatment of midfacial fractures to prevent gap formation and subsequent cheek tissue retraction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included nine patients (six males, three females; mean age 51; range 20-73 years; mean bone gap size 8.03 × 13.12 mm) in a retrospective study design. The defect size was assessed by ultrasound. RESULTS: After a healing period of 4 to 55 weeks, treatment resulted in a significant reduction of gap size (residual mean bone gap size 6...
October 11, 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913283/reduction-of-zygomatic-arch-isolated-fracture-using-ultra-sound-and-needle-marking
#3
Jun Sik Kim, Young Ji Park, Yoon Jung Lee, Nam Gyun Kim, Kyung Suk Lee
BACKGROUND: Zygomatic arch is a bony arch constituting the lateral midface, which consists of 25% of all midface fractures. There are a number of ways to evaluate the extent of zygomatic arch fracture. Some authors have reported successful treatment outcomes using ultrasound (U/S). To add to the previous methods, we have considered ways to accurately display the location of the fracture line while using U/S with 23 gauge needle marking. We introduce our method, which provided satisfactory results for reduction using a portable U/S, and it can evaluate the fracture line simultaneously when reduction of an isolated zygomatic arch fracture is necessary, and needle marking, which can easily point out the fracture line on U/S...
December 2016: Arch Craniofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854496/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-combination-therapy-of-low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-stimulation-in-the-treatment-of-unstable-both-radius-and-ulna-fractures-in-children
#4
Tsuyoshi Ota, Soichiro Itoh, Kimihiro Yamashita
BACKGROUND: There are few reports of Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) treatment for fresh forearm fractures in children. OBJECTIVES: LIPUS stimulation was applied after surgery of forearm fractures in children and the efficacy and safety of combination therapy of LIPUS treatment were evaluated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Children with both radius and ulna fracture, twenty-five diaphysis (mid-R&U) and nineteen metaphysis (dist-R&U) fractures, were treated with intramedullary nailing followed by cast and splint mobilization...
2017: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828129/salter-harris-i-fracture-of-the-distal-humerus-in-a-neonate-imaging-appearance-of-radiographs-ultrasound-and-arthrography
#5
Nicholas M Beckmann, Lindsay Crawford
Neonatal Salter-Harris I fractures of the distal humerus are a rare injury. This injury can be easily mistaken for a posterior elbow dislocation, creating a delay in diagnosis. We present a case of a neonate with a distal humerus Salter-Harris I fracture secondary to trauma during delivery. The patient presented with pseudoparesis of the left arm following birth. Posterior displacement of the elbow was identified on radiographs. Ultrasound of the elbow was performed after a gentle closed reduction of the left elbow was unsuccessful...
September 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826727/randomized-comparison-of-femoropopliteal-artery-drug-eluting-balloons-and-drug-eluting-stents-forest-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Hidde Jongsma, Patricia van Mierlo-van den Broek, Farshad Imani, Daniel van den Heuvel, Jean-Paul P M de Vries, Bram Fioole
The optimal endovascular treatment for femoropopliteal arterial occlusive disease has yet to be assessed. Patency rates after uncoated balloon angioplasty are disappointing. Although stents have better outcomes, they also have limitations. Intra-arterial stenting may lead to stent thrombosis and flow pattern disruption, which may result in stent fracture or in-stent restenosis. In the past decade, drug-eluting balloons (DEBs) and drug-eluting stents (DESs) have been introduced, and both have been proven to possess antirestenotic features compared with conventional techniques...
October 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796651/ultrasound-assisted-reduction-of-displaced-and-shortened-fractures-by-pediatric-emergency-physicians
#7
Eric Scheier, Uri Balla
Pediatric emergency physicians at Kaplan Medical Center regularly reduce forearm fractures under point-of-care ultrasound guidance in the pediatric emergency department. We present 3 children who arrived at our department with shortened, angulated forearm fractures within the span of a single week. We report on the successful reduction of these fractures under point-of-care ultrasound and on the maintenance of anatomic alignment at follow-up 1 week postreduction.
September 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710794/ultrasound-assessment-of-the-sural-nerve-in-patients-with-neuropathic-pain-after-ankle-surgery
#8
Nadia Rbia, Tim H J Nijhuis, Gert R Roukema, Ruud W Selles, Cornelis H van der Vlies, Steven E R Hovius
INTRODUCTION: The sural nerve may be damaged after ankle injury. The aim of our study was to determine the diagnostic utility of high-resolution sonography in patients with ankle fractures treated by open reduction and internal fixation in whom there was a clinical suspicion of sural neuropathy. METHODS: We examined the ultrasound (US) characteristics of patients with and without postsurgical sural neuropathic pain and healthy volunteers. Cross-sectional area (CSA), echogenicity, and vascularization of the sural nerves were recorded...
July 15, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688752/comparison-of-effects-of-lllt-and-lipus-on-fracture-healing-in-animal-models-and-patients-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Mohammad Bayat, Amarjit Virdi, Reza Jalalifirouzkouhi, Fatemehalsadat Rezaei
The aim of this paper is to study the in vivo potency of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) and low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) alone, accompanied by bone grafts, or accompanied by other factors on fracture healing in animal models and patients. In this paper, we aim to systematically review the published scientific literature regarding the use of LLLT and LIPUS to accelerate fracture healing in animal models and patients. We searched the PubMed database for the terms LLLT or LIPUS and/or bone, and fracture...
July 5, 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669078/the-incidence-of-life-threatening-iatrogenic-vessel-injury-following-closed-or-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-of-intertrochanteric-femoral-factures
#10
David Segal, Eyal Yaacobi, Niv Marom, Victor Feldman, Elhan Aliev, Ezequiel Palmanovich, Gabriel Bartal, Yaron S Brin
AIM OF THE STUDY: Bleeding due to a vascular injury is a possible life-threatening complication of intertrochanteric femoral fracture internal fixation. Our goals were to find the current incidence of these events, and to describe the reasons, the presentation, and the treatment options. METHOD: We conducted a retrospective record review of 1,469 patients who were operated upon at our institution due to AO31A femoral fractures from 2011 through 2015 and were treated with closed reduction and internal fixation...
July 1, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632663/an-examination-of-the-factors-related-to-a-reduction-in-the-use-of-low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-lipus
#11
Yoshiyasu Uchiyama, Takaaki Tateiwa, Daisuke Nakajima, Naoki Takatori, Masahiko Watanabe
OBJECTIVE: We examined the factors related to a reduction in the use of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) for patients at both our hospital and other affiliated institutions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 350 patients who used LIPUS at our and other affiliated institutions from May 2010 to April 2015, 279 (168 males, 111 females) were evaluated, after excluding mortalities and those with unexplained bone adhesion. Those patients with LIPUS compliance [calculated as: (number of days LIPUS was used/number of days LIPUS was available) × 100] below 80% were defined as the non-compliant group (170 patients), and those patients with a compliance rate of 80% or above were defined as the compliant group (109 patients)...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608239/transnasal-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-reduction-of-maxillary-sinus-wall-fracture
#12
Hyung Chae Yang, Young Yoon Kim, Seoung Min Jin, Hyesu You, Jung Hyun Han, Kwang Il Nam
Surgical morbidity from open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of maxillary sinus wall fracture often surpasses the benefits of ORIF. Hence, the authors devised transnasal endoscopic-assisted reduction of maxillary sinus wall fracture (TERM) without internal fixation as a minimally invasive surgery for maxillary sinus wall fracture. The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of TERM in cadavers and patients. Six cadavers were dissected to evaluate the feasibility of TERM. In addition, 20 patients with maxillary sinus wall fractures who underwent TERM in a tertiary hospital from August of 2013 to December of 2015 were enrolled in this study...
June 12, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460809/ultrasound-guided-interscalene-nerve-block-vs-procedural-sedation-by-propofol-and-fentanyl-for-anterior-shoulder-dislocations
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Esmaeil Raeyat Doost, Mohammad Mehdi Heiran, Mitra Movahedi, Amirhossein Mirafzal
BACKGROUND: Few studies were performed to compare ultrasound guided brachial plexus block with procedural sedation for reduction of shoulder dislocations in the Emergency Department (ED). This study was done to provide further evidence regarding this comparison. METHODS: This was a randomized clinical trial performed on patients presenting with anterior shoulder dislocations to the emergency department of an academic level 2 trauma center. Exclusion criteria were any contraindications to the drugs used, any patient which may not be potentially assigned into both groups because of an underlying medical condition, presence of neurovascular compromise related to the dislocation, presence of concomitant fractures, and patient refusal to participate in the study...
October 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460717/the-validity-and-reliability-of-a-pocket-sized-ultrasound-to-diagnose-distal-radius-fracture-and-assess-quality-of-closed-reduction
#14
Brian C Lau, Aaron Robertson, Daria Motamedi, Nicolas Lee
PURPOSE: Handheld ultrasound technology is increasingly used in health care. Its use for fracture care has not been adequately evaluated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate handheld, pocket-sized ultrasound in the diagnosis and assessment of reductions in distal radius fractures. METHODS: A total of 23 patients with distal radius fractures (average age, 53 years; 13 women) and 20 control patients (average age, 53 years; 10 women) were prospectively enrolled...
June 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332172/quantitative-ultrasound-and-dxa-measurements-in-aromatase-inhibitor-treated-breast-cancer-women-receiving-denosumab
#15
A Catalano, A Gaudio, N Morabito, G Basile, R M Agostino, A Xourafa, M Atteritano, E Morini, G Natale, A Lasco
PURPOSE: Denosumab has been proven to reduce fracture risk in breast cancer (BC) women under aromatase inhibitors (AIs). Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) provides information on the structure and elastic properties of bone. Our aim was to assess bone health by phalangeal QUS and by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), and to evaluate bone turnover in AIs-treated BC women receiving denosumab. METHODS: 35 Postmenopausal BC women on AIs were recruited (mean age 61...
August 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288688/postoperative-brachial-artery-entrapment-associated-with-pediatric-supracondylar-fracture-of-the-humerus-a-case-report
#16
David Latz, Jan Grassmann, Erik Schiffner, Sebastian Gehrmann, Mansur Duran, Joachim Windolf, Pascal Jungbluth
BACKGROUND: Severely displaced supracondylar fractures of the humerus in children are frequently associated with complications including neurovascular injuries, non-union, or compartment syndrome. In the current literature, no report exists about postoperative brachial artery entrapment in combination with an inconspicuous preoperative neurovascular examination. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a 6-year-old white boy with a pulseless radial and ulnar artery after open reduction and internal fixation of a severely displaced supracondylar fracture of his right humerus (Gartland type III) using four K-wires...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250682/evaluation-of-bone-mineral-density-among-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-in-south-karnataka
#17
Athulya G Asokan, Jayakumar Jaganathan, Rajeev Philip, Rino Roopak Soman, Shibu Thomas Sebastian, Fawaz Pullishery
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is one of the world's biggest health problems and the disease affects almost all organ systems. The relationship between type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and bone mineral density (BMD) has been controversial. Early identification of reduction in bone mass in a diabetic patient may be helpful in preventing the bone loss and future fracture risks. OBJECTIVE: The aim is to study the effect of T2DM on BMD among patients in South Karnataka. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 150 patients between 40 and 70 years of age which included 75 diabetic and 75 nondiabetic subjects...
January 2017: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126454/ultrasound-guided-retroclavicular-approach-infraclavicular-brachial-plexus-block-for-upper-extremity-emergency-procedures
#18
Josh Luftig, Daniel Mantuani, Andrew A Herring, Arun Nagdev
The America Society of Anesthesiology guidelines recommend multimodal analgesia that combines regional anesthetic techniques with pharmacotherapy to improve peri-procedural pain management and reduce opioid related complications. Commonly performed emergency procedures of the upper extremity such as fracture and dislocation reduction, wound debridement, and abscess incision and drainage are ideal candidates for ultrasound-guided (USG) regional anesthesia of the brachial plexus. However, adoption of regional anesthesia by emergency practitioners has been limited by concerns for potential complications and perceived technical difficulty...
May 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916021/use-of-point-of-care-ultrasound-in-long-bone-fractures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Lucas B Chartier, Laura Bosco, Lauren Lapointe-Shaw, Jordan Chenkin
OBJECTIVES: Long bone fractures (LBFs) are among the most frequent traumatic injuries seen in emergency departments. Reduction and immobilization is the most common form of treatment for displaced fractures. Point-of-care ultrasound (PoCUS) is a promising technique for diagnosing LBFs and assessing the success of reduction attempts. This article offers a comprehensive review of the use of PoCUS for the diagnosis and reduction of LBFs. Data source MEDLINE and EMBASE databases were searched through July 19, 2015...
March 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836784/-clinical-observation-a-safe-alternative-to-radiology-in-infants-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
David Muñoz-Santanach, Victoria Trenchs Sainz de la Maza, Sara Maya Gallego, Adriana Cuaresma González, Carles Luaces Cubells
OBJECTIVE: The protocol for the management of mild cranioencephalic trauma in the emergency department was changed in July 2013. The principal innovation was the replacement of systematic X-ray in infants with clinical observation. The aims of this study were to determine whether there was, 1) a reduction in the ability to detect traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the initial visit to Emergency, and 2) a change in the number of requests for imaging tests and hospital admissions. METHODOLOGY: This was a retrospective, descriptive, observational study...
November 8, 2016: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
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