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Hepatocellular carcinoma surgery

Satoshi Nagayama, Suguru Hasegawa, Koya Hida, Kenji Kawada, Etsuro Hatano, Kojiro Nakamura, Satoru Seo, Kojiro Taura, Kentaro Yasuchika, Takashi Matsuo, Masazumi Zaima, Akiyoshi Kanazawa, Hiroaki Terajima, Masaharu Tada, Yukihito Adachi, Ryuta Nishitai, Dai Manaka, Tsunehiro Yoshimura, Koji Doi, Takahiro Horimatsu, Akira Mitsuyoshi, Kenichi Yoshimura, Miyuki Niimi, Shigemi Matsumoto, Yoshiharu Sakai, Shinji Uemoto
BACKGROUND: Although liver resection combined with preoperative chemotherapy is expected to improve outcomes of patients with resectable colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM), there is as yet insufficient clinical evidence supporting the efficacy of preoperative systemic chemotherapy. The aim of this phase II study was to assess the feasibility and efficacy of preoperative FOLFOX systemic chemotherapy for patients with initially resectable CRLM. METHODS: A prospective multi-institutional phase II study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of preoperative chemotherapy for resectable CRLM (ClinicalTrials...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
Michiro Susa, Kazutaka Kikuta, Robert Nakayama, Kazumasa Nishimoto, Keisuke Horiuchi, Sota Oguro, Masanori Inoue, Hideki Yashiro, Seishi Nakatsuka, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Kazuhiro Chiba, Hideo Morioka
BACKGROUND: Historically, local control of recurrent sarcomas has been limited to radiotherapy when surgical re-resection is not feasible. For metastatic carcinomas to the bone or soft tissue, radiotherapy and some interventional radiology treatment along with other systemic therapies have been widely advocated due to the possibility of disseminated disease. These techniques are effective in alleviating pain and achieving local control for some tumor types, but it has not been effective for prolonged local control of most tumors...
October 13, 2016: BMC Cancer
Takaaki Higashi, Hiromitsu Hayashi, Yuki Kitano, Kensuke Yamamura, Takayoshi Kaida, Kota Arima, Katsunobu Taki, Shigeki Nakagawa, Hirohisa Okabe, Hidetoshi Nitta, Katsunori Imai, Daisuke Hashimoto, Akira Chikamoto, Toru Beppu, Hideo Baba
Diabetes and obesity are associated with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and an increased incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). TAZ and YAP are equivalently placed downstream effectors of the Hippo pathway with oncogenic roles in human cancers. Statins are commonly used to patients with metabolic problems as hypercholesterolemia. Statins also have anti-cancer properties, and the cross-talk between mevalonate pathway and Hippo pathway was known. The aim of this study is to confirm the statin's anti-cancer effects on HCC cells and its survival benefits in HCC patients with curative surgery...
November 2016: Medical Oncology
Mineto Ohta, Chikashi Nakanishi, Naoki Kawagishi, Yasuyuki Hara, Kai Maida, Toshiaki Kashiwadate, Koji Miyazawa, Satoru Yoshida, Shigehito Miyagi, Yukihiro Hayatsu, Shunsuke Kawamoto, Yasushi Matsuda, Yoshinori Okada, Yoshikatsu Saiki, Noriaki Ohuchi
BACKGROUND: Recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma accompanied by a right atrial tumor thrombus is rare. No standard treatment modality has been established. Surgical treatment may be the only curative treatment; however, surgery has been considered high risk. We herein describe a patient who underwent resection of a recurrent right atrial tumor thrombus under normothermic cardiopulmonary bypass on a beating heart. CASE PRESENTATION: A 60-year-old man underwent a right hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma with diaphragm invasion...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
Hsiao-Tien Liu, Yi-Chia Huang, Shao-Bin Cheng, Yin-Tzu Huang, Ping-Ting Lin
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that higher levels of oxidative stress and inflammation play a key role in the progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after surgery. Coenzyme Q10 is an endogenous lipid-soluble antioxidant. To date, no intervention study has investigated coenzyme Q10 supplementation in HCC patients after surgery. The purpose of this study was to investigate oxidative stress, antioxidant enzymes activity, and inflammation levels in HCC patients after surgery following administration of coenzyme Q10 (300 mg/day)...
October 6, 2016: Nutrition Journal
Yu-Li Jia, Meng Xu, Chang-Wei Dou, Zhi-Kui Liu, Yu-Mo Xue, Bo-Wen Yao, Ling-Long Ding, Kang-Sheng Tu, Xin Zheng, Qing-Guang Liu
Aberrant autophagic processes have been found to have fundamental roles in the pathogenesis of different kinds of tumors, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). P300/CBP-associated factor (PCAF), a histone acetyltransferase (HAT), performs its function by acetylating both histone and non-histone proteins. Our previous studies showed that PCAF was downregulated in HCC tissues and its high expression was significantly associated with patient survival after surgery, serving as a prognostic marker. In this study we found that overexpression of PCAF induced autophagy of HCC cells and its knockdown depressed autophagy...
October 6, 2016: Cell Death & Disease
Stergios A Polyzos, Jannis Kountouras, Christos S Mantzoros
The association of obesity with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been established. Obesity has been linked not only to initial stages of the disease, i.e., simple steatosis (SS), but also to its severity. Form an epidemiologic point of view, both diseases has an increasing prevalence worldwide. From a pathogenetic point of view, obesity and its associate IR contribute to the initial fat accumulation in the hepatocyte (SS), but also to the progression of SS to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), NASH-related cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)...
October 6, 2016: Minerva Endocrinologica
Georgios C Sotiropoulos, Nikolaos Machairas, Paraskevas Stamopoulos, Ioannis D Kostakis, Dimitrios Dimitroulis, Dimitrios Mantas, Gregory Kouraklis
BACKGROUND: Liver resection represents the treatment of choice for a small proportion of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), amenable to surgery. The remarkable evolution in surgical techniques during the last decades introduced laparoscopic hepatectomy in the operative management of HCC, even in the presence of liver cirrhosis. No comparative study on laparoscopic or open liver resection for HCC has been conducted in Greece yet. METHODS: Patients undergoing liver resection for HCC by one senior hepatobiliary surgeon in our Institution during the period 11/2011-02/2016 were prospectively sampled and retrospectively analyzed for the purposes of this study...
October 2016: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
Ran Tao, Xiaodan Li, Ruizhi Ran, Zhihua Xiao, Hongyue Zhang, Hongyan Kong, Qiqin Song, Yu Huang, Likui Wang, Jiaquan Huang
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is usually managed by the transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE). However, this technique has been challenged since severe complications have been observed in clinical practices. As a result, clinicians have started to seek other minimally invasive surgeries with equivalent efficacy. The corresponding surgeries were assessed by the five outcomes: complete response (CR), partial response (PR), stable disease (SD), progression disease (PD) and objective response rate (ORR)...
September 29, 2016: Oncotarget
Z Li, Q Zhou, J Zhou, X Duan, J Zhu, T D Wang
Minimally-invasive surgery of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) can be limited by poor tumor visualization with white light. We demonstrate systemic administration of a Cy5.5-labeled peptide specific for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) to target HCC in vivo in a mouse xenograft model. We attached a compact imaging module to the proximal end of a medical laparoscope to collect near-infrared fluorescence and reflectance images concurrently at 15 frames/sec. We measured a mean target-to-background ratio of 2...
September 1, 2016: Biomedical Optics Express
Carlo Sposito, Stefano Di Sandro, Federica Brunero, Vincenzo Buscemi, Carlo Battiston, Andrea Lauterio, Marco Bongini, Luciano De Carlis, Vincenzo Mazzaferro
AIM: To develop a prognostic scoring system for overall survival (OS) of patients undergoing liver resection (LR) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent curative LR for HCC between 2000 and 2013 were identified. The series was randomly divided into a training and a validation set. A multivariable Cox model for OS was fitted to the training set. The beta coefficients derived from the Cox model were used to define a prognostic scoring system for OS...
September 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Y Q Yao, Y H Liu, Z Y Fan, J H Chen, C J Dong
Objective: To evaluate the clinical effect and safety of oxycodone hydrochloride in the anesthesia for percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (PRFA) in hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: Between March and December 2015, 60 cases of hepatocellular carcinoma patients undergoing percutaneous radiofrequency ablation surgery in Peking University Cancer Hospital were randomly divided into three groups: oxycodone group (group Q), fentanyl group (group F) and dezocine group (group D), 20 cases in each group. Respectively intravenously injection oxycodone 0...
October 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Sung Hoon Choi, Gi Hong Choi, Dai Hoon Han, Sung Won Kwon, Jin Sub Choi
BACKGROUND: Major hurdles for laparoscopic right hepatectomy (LapRH) include difficulties in (1) mobilization and (2) applying hanging maneuver and (3) lack of experienced assistants. We discuss the protocolization of lapRH, introducing our simplified technique. METHODS: The procedure was disassembled into six steps: (1) curtailed mobilization of the right liver so as to align the resection plane with the laparoscopic camera view, (2) inflow vascular control, (3) setting up the parenchymal resection applying the rubber band retraction method, (4) parenchymal resection approaching the caudate lobe, (5) a lifting-up maneuver using a laparoscopic grasper or retractor instead of the hanging maneuver, and (6) completion of resection dividing the caudate lobe, right hepatic vein, and remaining ligament...
September 28, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Mariateresa Mirarchi, Emilio De Raffele, Francesco Bacci, Dajana Cuicchi, Ferdinando Lecce, Bruno Cola
: Solitary extramedullary plasmacitomas (SEMP) of the liver are very rare. We report the case of an elderly woman with a huge symptomatic SEMP of the liver mimicking hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The patient was a 89-year-old woman who presented with severe abdominal pain and a huge solid mass in the right hypochondrium. The laboratory data on admission revealed normal liver function tests. A multiphasic computed tomography (CT) showed a huge solid mass of the left hemiliver, hypoattenuating on noncontrast images, dishomogeneously hyperenhancing in the late arterial phase, with washout in the portal venous and equilibrium phases...
2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Alessandro Vitale, Markus Peck-Radosavljevic, Edoardo G Giannini, Eric Vibert, Wolfgang Sieghart, Sven Van Poucke, Timothy M Pawlik
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), in its very early stage, is heterogeneous both in terms of liver function (i.e. presence or absence of portal hypertension, Model for End stage Liver Disease score, Child Pugh score 5 or 6, bilirubin level) and tumour characteristics (i.e. location, alpha-fetoprotein values, pathological features such as micro-vascular invasion, tumour grade and satellitosis). Existing evidence in comparing different curative options for patients with very early HCC is poor due to small sample sizes and lack of solid subgroup analyses...
September 24, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
Laura Tariciotti, Stefano D'Ugo, Tommaso Maria Manzia, Valeria Tognoni, Giuseppe Sica, Paolo Gentileschi, Giuseppe Tisone
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a contributor to the global burden of chronic diseases, including non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). NASH cirrhosis is becoming a leading indication for liver transplant (LT). Obese transplanted patients have higher morbidity and mortality rates. One strategy, to improve the outcomes in these patients, includes bariatric surgery at the time of LT. Herein we report the first European combined LT and sleeve gastrectomy (SG)...
September 21, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Imran Khan Jalbani, Syed M Nazim, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Farahat Abbas
Liver transplantation (LT) is the treatment of choice for localized hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) associated with cirrhosis. Extra hepatic metastasis is the most common cause of death in these patients. There is very little evidence regarding the natural history and treatment options for patients developing HCC recurrence after LT. Surgical resection offers a unique opportunity for solitary metastasis. We report a 61 year old male with solitary right adrenal metastasis 15 months post LT which was managed with open adrenalectomy...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Hong-Chuan Zhao, Ruo-Lin Wu, Fu-Bao Liu, Yi-Jun Zhao, Guo-Bin Wang, Zhi-Gong Zhang, Fan Huang, Kun Xie, Xiao-Ping Geng
AIM: The treatment of large (>5 cm) hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to report short and long term outcomes and analyze the factors associated with long term survival for patients who underwent hepatic resection for large HCC. METHODS: All patients who underwent hepatic resection for large HCC at the department of Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University between August 2005 and December 2011 were identified and included for analysis...
September 14, 2016: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
Chase Constant, Silke Hecht, Linden E Craig, Cassie N Lux, Claire M Cannon, Gordon A Conklin
Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most common primary hepatic tumor in dogs and is amenable to surgical resection in many cases. Unfortunately, overlap of sonographic findings between benign and malignant hepatic lesions typically requires more invasive diagnostic tests to be performed (e.g., biopsy for histopathology). The availability of a noninvasive diagnostic test to identify hepatocellular carcinoma would be beneficial. The use of a liver-specific magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent such as gadoxetate disodium (Gd-EOB-DTPA; Eovist® or Primovist®) has improved lesion detection in human patients...
September 15, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Masumi Nishimura, Yasutoshi Murayama, Kyoichi Harada, Yosuke Kamada, Ryo Morimura, Hisashi Ikoma, Daisuke Ichikawa, Hitoshi Fujiwara, Kazuma Okamoto, Eigo Otsuji
UNLABELLED: Backgtound/Aim: Since hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has a high recurrence rate, accurate diagnosis of its location and curative resection is important to improve survival. This study evaluated the utility of photodynamic diagnosis (PDD) using 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) for HCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used two human hepatoma cell lines (HuH-7 and Hep G2). Cells were treated with 5-ALA for 4 h. 5-ALA-induced fluorescence was then examined under a fluorescence microscope...
September 2016: Anticancer Research
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