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Post operative analgesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148033/4218t-c-polymorphism-associations-with-post-cesarean-patient-controlled-epidural-fentanyl-consumption-and-pain-perception
#1
W Xie, W Zhuang, L Chen, W Xie, C Jiang, N Liu
BACKGROUND: The utilization of intrathecal opioids is an efficacious component of post-cesarean section pain management. Given that growing evidence indicates that calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) plays a key role in the development of peripheral sensitization and is associated with enhanced pain, we hypothesized that CGRP 4218T/C polymorphism is associated with the variability in fentanyl consumption for post-cesarean analgesia. METHODS: We recruited 548 patients who presented for elective cesarean delivery, and used polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method to analyze CGRP 4218T/C polymorphism...
November 17, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144627/laparoscopic-nephrectomy-outside-gerota-fascia-and-en-bloc-ligation-of-the-renal-hilum-for-management-of-inflammatory-renal-diseases
#2
Liang Ma, Yanlan Yu, Guangju Ge, Gonghui Li
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to improve laparoscopic nephrectomy techniques for inflammatory renal diseases (IRD) and to reduce complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three patients underwent laparoscopic nephrectomy for IRD, with a method of outside Gerota fascia dissection and en-bloc ligation and division of the renal pedicle. Operative time, blood loss, complications, analgesia requirement, post-operative recovery of intestinal function and hospital stay were recorded...
November 19, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123664/chronic-post-amputation-pain-peri-operative-management-review
#3
Devjit Srivastava
Study design: Narrative review. Method: Eight bibliographic databases were searched for studies published in the (last five years up until Feb 2017). For the two database searches (Cochrane and DARE), the time frame was unlimited. The review involved keyword searches of the term 'Amputation' AND 'chronic pain'. Studies selected were interrogated for any association between peri-operative factors and the occurrence of chronic post amputation pain (CPAP). Results: Heterogeneity of study populations and outcome measures prevented a systematic review and hence a narrative synthesis of results was undertaken...
November 2017: British Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114415/effect-of-low-dose-remifentanil-on-postoperative-pain-relief-and-heart-rate-variability-in-post-anaesthesia-care-unit
#4
Shynma Uchida, Yuji Kadoi, Shigeru Saito
Objective: Several reports have shown the negligible adverse effects of low-dose remifentanil on the autonomic nervous system. We propose that the administration of low-dose remifentanil would be beneficial without adverse respiratory and hemodynamic effects. This study aimed to examine the effects of low-dose remifentanil on postoperative pain relief and heart rate variability (HRV) after surgery. Methods: In total, 20 patients, who underwent breast cancer surgery, were analysed for HRV in the post-anaesthesia care unit (PACU)...
October 2017: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114414/comparison-between-the-two-injection-technique-and-the-four-injection-technique-in-axillary-brachial-plexus-block-with-articaine
#5
Aysun Ertikin, Güldeniz Argun, Mesut Mısırlıoğlu, Murat Aydın, Murat Arıkan, Nihal Kadıoğulları
Objective: In this study, we aimed to compare axillary brachial plexus block using the two-injection and four-injection techniques assisted with ultrasonography (USG) and nerve stimulator in patients operated for carpal tunnel syndrome with articaine. To evaluate which technique is more effective, we compared the onset time, effectiveness, and duration of block procedures, patient satisfaction, adverse effect of the drug, and complication rates of the motor and sensory blocks. Methods: Sixty patients were randomly divided into two groups...
October 2017: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102751/epidural-steroids-at-closure-post-microdiscectomy-laminectomy-for-reduction-of-post-operative-analgesia-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Ash Wilson-Smith, Nicholas Chang, Victor M Lu, Ralph J Mobbs, Matthew Fadhil, Declan Lloyd, Sara Kim, Kevin Phan
BACKGROUND: This review assessed the efficacy of epidural steroid administration on the reduction of pain, hospital stay time and use of opioid analgesics postoperatively. METHODS: We searched Medline, PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CCRCT) and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) for studies utilizing epidural steroids through any route following lumbar surgery. The primary study outcomes included pre- and postoperative pain as assessed through the use of a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), length of hospital stay and postoperative use of opioid analgesics...
November 1, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101547/oral-pregabalin-for-acute-pain-relief-after-cervicofacial-surgery-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Sara Liébana-Hermoso, Francisco Javier Manzano-Moreno, Manuel Francisco Vallecillo-Capilla, Maria Victoria Olmedo-Gaya
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this systematic review were to unify criteria on the effectiveness of oral pregabalin to treat acute post-operative pain after cervicofacial surgery, to establish the most effective dose regimens, and to determine its effect on rescue medicine consumption and its association with adverse effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed/Medline (National Library of Medicine, Washington, DC), Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane databases were searched for studies in any language published between January 2000 and September 2016...
November 3, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089657/ovariohysterectomy-requires-more-post-operative-analgesia-than-orchiectomy-in-dogs-and-cats
#8
Carolina Quarterone, Stelio Pacca Loureiro Luna, Nadia Crosignani, Flávia Augusta de Oliveira, Carlize Lopes, Alfredo Feio da Maia Lima, Antonio Jose de Araújo Aguiar
The requirement for post-operative analgesia after ovariohysterectomy (OH) versus orchiectomy in dogs and cats was compared. Twelve male and 12 female cats and 12 male and 12 female dogs received meloxicam, 0.1 mg/kg body weight, PO, 2 h before surgery. Eleven female cats and 3 female dogs received rescue analgesia (P = 0.002). No male of either species required rescue analgesia. The number of cats receiving rescue analgesia was greater in females than in males (P < 0.0001). One should not rely solely on preoperative short-acting opioid and preemptive use of NSAIDs to control postoperative pain following OH, in dogs or cats...
November 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075936/local-anesthetic-delivery-via-surgical-drain-provides-improved-pain-control-versus-direct-skin-infiltration-following-axillary-node-dissection-for-breast-cancer
#9
Muska Khpal, James R C Miller, Zika Petrovic, Delilah Hassanally
BACKGROUND: Axillary node dissection has a central role in the surgical management of breast cancer; however, it is associated with a significant risk of lymphoedema and chronic pain. Peri-operative administration of local anesthesia reduces acute and persistent post-surgical pain, but there is currently no consensus on the optimal method of local anesthetic delivery. METHODS: Patients undergoing axillary dissection for breast cancer were randomly assigned to receive a one-off dose of levobupivacaine 0...
October 26, 2017: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063607/spinal-or-general-anaesthesia-for-lower-limb-amputation-in-peripheral-artery-disease-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#10
M Niskakangas, S Dahlbacka, J Liisanantti, M Vakkala, T Kaakinen
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to determine which method of anaesthesia (spinal anaesthesia or general anaesthesia) is better in reducing post-operative analgesic requirements in patients undergoing major limb amputation for lower-limb ischaemia. Another aim was to find out if anaesthesiologists use neuraxial anaesthesia in high-risk patients despite abnormal coagulation profile or use of anticoagulation. METHODS: The study was a retrospective cohort study...
October 24, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055733/qx-oh-levobupivacaine-fixed-dose-combination-to-provide-a-long-acting-postoperative-pain-of-knee-surgery-in-rodents
#11
WenLing Zhao, Jun Yang, YuJun Zhang, Jin Liu, WenSheng Zhang
Although total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a commonly performed procedure, anesthetic efficacy in post-surgical pain remains an issue. Exparel (45mM liposome bupivacaine), a relatively long-acting local anesthetic, has shown efficacy in blocking peripheral nerve or periarticular infiltration to achieve better post-TKA analgesia. In the present work, we tested whether a fixed-dose combination of QX-OH (35mM) and levobupivacaine (10mM) (QX-OH/LB) could confer longer-lasting pain relief and reduce periarticular tissue toxicity compared to liposome bupivacaine (45mM) after TKA operation...
October 18, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043004/efficacy-of-perineural-dexamethasone-with-ropivacaine-in-adductor-canal-block-for-post-operative-analgesia-in-patients-undergoing-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Cun-Jin Wang, Feng-Yun Long, Liu-Qing Yang, You-Jing Shen, Fang Guo, Tian-Feng Huang, Ju Gao
Adductor canal block (ACB) is an effective analgesic alternative to femoral nerve block after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The aim of the present study was to investigate whether addition of dexamethasone to ropivacaine for ACB is able to prolong analgesia and reduce pain. Study participants were randomized into groups receiving ACB with either 0.5% ropivacaine + normal saline (control group; n=93) or 0.5% ropivacaine + 8 mg dexamethasone (dexamethasone group; n=93). All patients were subjected to identical peri-operative management...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040231/continuous-infraclavicular-brachial-block-versus-single-shot-nerve-block-for-distal-radius-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-control-trial
#13
Abhishek Ganta, David Ding, Nina Fisher, Jessica Lavery, Sudheer Jain, Nirmal Tejwani
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of an infraclaviclar single shot nerve block to a continuous infusion through an On Q infusion pump for rebound pain (between 12 to 24 hours post-operatively) and post operative narcotic analgesia requirements in distal radius fractures. DESIGN: Prospective Randomized Control Trial SETTINGS:: Performed at two hospitals affiliated with a large urban academic medical center PATIENTS:: Fifty patients undergoing operative fixation of distal radius fractures (OTA/AO type 23B/C) INTERVENTION:: Patients were randomized to receive either an infraclavicular block as a single shot (SSB group) or a continuous infusion through an On Q pump (On Q group) MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:: Visual analog scale (0-10) pain levels and amount of pain medication taken RESULTS:: At all time points after discharge, mean post-operative pain scores were lower in the On Q group vs the SSB group but did not reach statistical significance...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038874/ultrasound-guided-popliteal-sciatic-block-provides-adequate-analgesia-during-urgent-endovascular-treatment-of-critical-limb-ischemia-with-resting-pain
#14
Derya Tureli, Sinan Deniz, Aytekin Unlukaplan, Levent Oguzkurt
PURPOSE: To demonstrate feasibility and safety of ultrasound-guided popliteal sciatic nerve block for providing analgesia during urgent endovascular treatment of critical limb ischemia with resting pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ultrasound-guided popliteal sciatic blocks were performed by an interventional radiologist in angiography suite immediately prior to commencement of urgent endovascular treatment of 30 critical limb ischemia patients. Subjective pain levels prior to and following sciatic block were assessed using the visual analog scale (VAS)...
October 16, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977978/the-effects-of-intra-and-post-operative-anaesthesia-and-analgesia-choice-on-outcome-after-gastric-cancer-resection-a-retrospective-study
#15
Yu Wang, Liping Wang, Hong Chen, Yang Xu, Xiaoyu Zheng, Guonian Wang
BACKGROUND: Epidural use can provide a better short-term outcome and protect patients from the postoperative development of tumour recurrence and metastases. In this study, we sought to assess the effects of intra- and postoperative anaesthesia and analgesia choice on outcome after gastric cancer resection, searched for evidence of interaction between intra-and postoperative epidural use and outcomes of gastric cancer patients. METHODS: Four thousand two hundred and eighteen cases of gastric cancer were identified from the Records of Hospital Patients...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940223/a-descriptive-study-on-the-efficacy-and-complications-of-the-capio-boston-scientific-suturing-device-for-sacrospinous-ligament-fixation
#16
Alex Mowat, Vivien Wong, Judith Goh, Hannah Krause, Anita Pelecanos, Peta Higgs
BACKGROUND: Sacrospinous colpopexy is an effective vaginal apical support operation. Due to morbidity associated with traditional approaches which require wide dissection, slim-line suture delivery devices have been introduced in the hope of reducing morbidity without compromise to outcomes. AIM: The aim of our series was to report outcomes and complications (particularly buttock pain and blood loss) of the sacrospinous colpopexy using the Capio suturing device and evaluate it against published results using the Miya hook...
September 22, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928554/study-to-compare-the-effect-of-oral-rectal-and-intravenous-infusion-of-paracetamol-for-postoperative-analgesia-in-women-undergoing-cesarean-section-under-spinal-anesthesia
#17
Lakshmi Mahajan, Vaishali Mittal, Ruchi Gupta, Himani Chhabra, Jyoti Vidhan, Ashreen Kaur
BACKGROUND: Effective pain relief therapy after caesarean section is essential for the parturient's comfort and early ambulation. Paracetamol has an excellent safety profile when compared to opioids. AIM: To assess and evaluate the effect of oral, rectal, and intravenous infusion of paracetamol for post-operative analgesia in women undergoing caesarean section under spinal anaesthesia. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: We conducted a prospective, randomized controlled study (18-35 years of age) of the ASA- I and II parturient scheduled for lower segment caesarean section were included...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928544/role-of-anesthesiologist-in-the-management-of-a-child-with-cerebral-palsy
#18
REVIEW
Safiya Imtiaz Shaikh, Ganapati Hegade
Cerebral palsy (CP) refers to a spectrum of nonprogressive neurological disorders with disturbances in posture and movement, resulting from perinatal intrauterine insult to developing infant brain. Many conditions associated with CP require surgery. Such cases pose important gastrointestinal, respiratory, and other perioperative considerations. Anesthetic management in these cases is delicate. Intraoperative complications including hypovolemia, hypothermia, muscle spasms, seizures, and delayed recovery might complicate the anesthetic management...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928325/transversus-abdominis-plane-block-for-pain-relief-in-patients-undergoing-in-endoscopic-repair-of-abdominal-wall-hernia-a-comparative-randomised-double-blind-prospective-study
#19
Aparna Sinha, Lakshmi Jayaraman, Dinesh Punhani, Pradeep Chowbey
INTRODUCTION: Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is now a well-established technique in post-operative analgesia for lower abdominal surgeries. We evaluated the effect of ultrasound-guided TAP block on recovery parameters in patients undergoing endoscopic repair of abdominal wall hernia. METHODS: Thirty adults were randomised to receive either ropivacaine with dexmedetomidine (TR) or saline (TP) in TAP block, before emergence from anaesthesia. The patients were assessed for pain relief, sedation, time to ambulate (TA), discharge readiness (DR), postoperative opioid requirement and any adverse events...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920048/continuous-transversus-abdominis-plane-tap-block-and-intraoperative-coeliac-plexus-block-cpb-for-post-operative-analgesia-following-laparotomy-two-case-reports
#20
Vasanth Rao Kadam, George Kiroff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
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