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Post operative analgesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741191/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-epidural-analgesia-versus-different-analgesic-regimes-following-oesophagogastric-resection
#1
REVIEW
Michael Hughes, Ivan Yim, D A Christopher Deans, Graeme W Couper, Peter J Lamb, Richard J E Skipworth
INTRODUCTION: Effective analgesia following open oesophagogastric (OG) resection is considered a key determinant of recovery. This review aimed to compare epidural to alternative analgesic techniques in patients undergoing major open resection for OG cancer. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted of randomized controlled trials comparing epidural with alternative analgesic methods in open OG surgery. Primary outcome was the overall post-operative morbidity rate...
July 24, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727706/opioids-for-ocular-pain-a-narrative-review
#2
Vinicius Bp Pereira, Renato Garcia, Andre Am Torricelli, Samir J Bechara
BACKGROUND: Refractive surgery is a common procedure, but may be associated with severe post-operative pain. OBJECTIVES: To describe studies addressing the use of opioids for control of pain after ocular surgery, with an emphasis on refractive surgery. STUDY DESIGN: This is a narrative review of relevant articles on the physiology of corneal pain and the use of opioids for its treatment after surgery. SETTING: Single tertiary center...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727703/intrathecal-morphine-improves-hemodynamic-parameters-and-analgesia-in-patients-undergoing-aortic-valve-replacement-surgery-a-prospective-double-blind-randomized-trial
#3
Hamed Elgendy, Hatem A R Helmy
BACKGROUND: Intrathecal morphine (ITM) has been used in hopes of providing good postoperative analgesia in cardiac surgery. Little is known about its use in isolated aortic valve replacement surgery. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of 7 µ/kg ITM administration in aortic valve replacement in regards to hemodynamics, pain score, and postoperative complications when compared to general anesthesia alone. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, double-blind trial...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702841/comparison-of-ketamine-and-ketofol-for-deep-sedation-and-analgesia-in-children-undergoing-laser-procedure
#4
Marija Stevic, Nina Ristic, Ivana Budic, Nebojsa Ladjevic, Branislav Trifunovic, Ivan Rakic, Marko Majstorovic, Ivana Burazor, Dusica Simic
The aim of our study was to research and evaluate cardiovascular and respiratory stability, clinical efficacy, and safety of two different anesthetic agents in pediatric patients who underwent Pulse dye (wavelength 595 nm, pulse duration 0-40 ms, power 0-40 J) and CO2 (wavelength 10,600 nm, intensity-fraxel mod with SX index 4 to 8, power 0-30 W) laser procedure. This prospective non-blinded study included 203 pediatric patients ASA I-II, aged between 1 month and 12 years who underwent short-term procedural sedation and analgesia for the laser procedure...
July 12, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697780/local-infiltration-of-analgesia-and-sciatic-nerve-block-provide-similar-pain-relief-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#5
Hidenori Tanikawa, Kengo Harato, Ryo Ogawa, Tomoyuki Sato, Shu Kobayashi, So Nomoto, Yasuo Niki, Kazunari Okuma
BACKGROUND: Although femoral nerve block provides satisfactory analgesia after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), residual posterior knee pain may decrease patient satisfaction. We conducted a randomized controlled trial to clarify the efficacy of the sciatic nerve block (SNB) and local infiltration of analgesia with steroid (LIA) regarding postoperative analgesia after TKA, when administrated in addition to femoral nerve block (FNB). METHODS: Seventy-eight patients were randomly allocated to the two groups: concomitant administration of FNB and SNB or FNB and LIA...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693439/combatting-pain-after-orthopedic-trauma-surgery-perioperative-oral-extended-release-tapentadol-vs-extended-release-oxycodone-naloxone
#6
Gertrud Haeseler, Dirk Schaefers, Natalie Prison, Jörg Ahrens, Xiaofei Liu, Annika Karch
BACKGROUND: High post-operative pain scores after "minor" orthopedic/trauma surgery are in part attributed to inadequate prescription of opioid analgesics. Novel concepts aiming to achieve sufficient analgesia while minimizing opioid-related side effects by avoiding fluctuating plasma levels are based on perioperative oral administration of extended-release opioids beginning with the first dose pre-operatively. This is the first study to evaluate analgesic efficacy and side effect rates of extended-release tapentadol compared to oxycodone/naloxone following orthopedic/trauma surgery...
July 11, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687982/adductor-canal-block-in-combination-with-posterior-capsular-infiltration-on-the-pain-control-after-tka
#7
M Zhou, H Ding, J Ke
BACKGROUND: Adductor canal block (ACB) and local infiltration anesthesia (LIA) are both widely accepted techniques for postoperative pain control without quadriceps weakness after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, the above techniques are insufficient in efficacy or duration. AIMS: The aim of our study was to address whether ACB plus posterior capsular infiltration (PCI) result in improved analgesia compared with ACB or LIA in patients underwent TKA during 48 h after operation...
July 7, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687191/single-anterior-portal-a-better-option-for-arthroscopic-treatment-of-traumatic-anterior-shoulder-instability
#8
Hakan Çiçek, Ümit Tuhanioğlu, Hasan Ulaş Oğur, Fırat Seyfettinoğlu, Osman Çiloğlu, Tahsin Beyzadeoğlu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare single and double anterior portal techniques in the arthroscopic treatment of traumatic anterior shoulder instability. METHODS: A total of 91 cases who underwent arthroscopic Bankart repair for anterior shoulder instability were reviewed. The patients were divided into 2 groups as Group 1 (47 male and 2 female; mean age: 25.8 ± 6.8) for arthroscopic single anterior portal approach and Group 2 (41 male and 1 female; mean age: 25...
July 4, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679199/ultrasound-guided-genitofemoral-nerve-block-for-inguinal-hernia-repair-in-the-male-adult-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#9
Luciano Frassanito, Bruno A Zanfini, Sara Pitoni, Paolo Germini, Miryam Del Vicario, Gaetano Draisci
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided (USG) ilioinguinal/iliohypogastric nerve (II/IHN) block is a widely validated anesthetic technique for inguinal herniorrhaphy. As the spermatic cord, scrotum, and adjacent thigh receive sensory innervation from the genital branch of genitofemoral nerve (GFN), the addition of GFN block has been suggested to improve the quality of perioperative anesthesia and analgesia. The aim of this study is to compare GFN block plus II/IHN block with II/IHN block alone for intraoperative anesthesia and post-operative pain management...
July 5, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677829/intravenous-lignocaine-in-colorectal-surgery-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Wiremu S MacFater, Jamie-Lee Rahiri, Melanie Lauti, Bruce Su'a, Andrew G Hill
BACKGROUND: Colorectal surgery leads to morbidity during recovery including pain and fatigue. Intravenous (IV) lignocaine (IVL) has both analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects that may improve post-operative pain and recovery. The aim of this review is to compare the effectiveness of IVL to other perioperative analgesia regimens for reducing pain and opioid consumption following colorectal surgery. METHODS: Using the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) statement, a literature search was conducted to identify randomized clinical trials that compared IVL with IV placebo or epidural anaesthesia in open or laparoscopic colorectal surgery...
July 5, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674840/a-multimodal-analgesic-protocol-reduces-opioid-related-adverse-events-and-improves-patient-outcomes-in-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#11
Jun Jie Ng, Wei Qi Leong, Chuen Seng Tan, Keah How Poon, Davide Lomanto, Jimmy B Y So, Asim Shabbir
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is one of the most commonly performed procedures for the treatment of obesity. Patients with obesity are more prone to experience opioid-related adverse events (ORAE). OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to determine if a multimodal analgesia protocol (MAP) reduces ORAE and provides effective pain relief for patients after LSG. SETTING: This study was conducted at University Hospital, Singapore...
July 3, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663622/comparative-evaluation-of-continuous-thoracic-paravertebral-block-and-thoracic-epidural-analgesia-techniques-for-post-operative-pain-relief-in-patients-undergoing-open-nephrectomy-a-prospective-randomized-single-blind-study
#12
Sujeet Kumar Singh Gautam, Pravin Kumar Das, Anil Agarwal, Sanjay Kumar, Sanjay Dhiraaj, Abhishek Keshari, Abinash Patro
BACKGROUND: Open surgical procedures are associated with substantial postoperative pain; an alternative method providing adequate pain relief with minimal side effects is very much required. AIM: The aim of this study was a comparative evaluation of the efficacy of continuous thoracic paravertebral block (PVB) and thoracic epidural analgesia (EA) for postoperative pain relief in patients undergoing open nephrectomy. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, and single-blind study...
April 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663617/comparison-between-epidural-ropivacaine-versus-ropivacaine-with-clonidine-in-patients-undergoing-abdominal-hysterectomy-a-randomized-study
#13
Keshav Govind Rao, Shilpi Misra, Aparna Shukla
CONTEXT: Regional anesthesia has emerged as one of the preferred and convenient modes for intra- and post-operative management owing to its advantage of not interfering with the metabolic functions, better tolerability, and decrease in reflex activity. In recent years, ropivacaine has increasingly replaced bupivacaine as a preferred local anesthetic because of its similar analgesic properties, lesser motor blockade, and decreased propensity of cardiotoxicity. Neuraxial adjuvant such as clonidine used in epidural anesthesia offers advantage by augmenting the local anesthetic effect and reducing the anesthetic and analgesic requirement...
April 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663614/to-study-the-efficacy-of-intravenous-dexamethasone-in-prolonging-the-duration-of-spinal-anesthesia-in-elective-cesarean-section
#14
Priyanka Sunil Shalu, Poonam Sachin Ghodki
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Various additives have been evaluated for the purpose of enhancing quality of analgesia and prolonging duration of spinal anesthesia. This randomized, double-blind study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of intravenous dexamethasone in spinal anesthesia. METHODS: A total of sixty patients scheduled for lower segment cesarean section under spinal anesthesia were randomly allocated into two groups, group SD and group SN, including thirty patients each...
April 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655957/comparison-of-analgesic-efficacy-of-caudal-dexmedetomidine-versus-caudal-tramadol-with-ropivacaine-in-paediatric-infraumbilical-surgeries-a-prospective-randomised-double-blinded-clinical-study
#15
Savita Gupta, Rashmi Sharma
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Caudal epidural analgesia is commonly practised regional block technique in children undergoing infraumbilical surgeries but has a short duration of action after single shot local anaesthetic injection. The aim of this study was to compare ropivacaine 0.25% with dexmedetomidine and tramadol in caudal anaesthesia in paediatric infraumbilical surgeries. METHODS: In a randomised, prospective, double-blinded study, sixty children (1-8 years) belonging to American Society of Anesthesiologists' physical status I or II scheduled for infraumbilical surgeries were included...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655956/post-operative-analgesic-effect-of-dexmedetomidine-administration-in-wound-infiltration-for-abdominal-hysterectomy-a-randomised-control-study
#16
Swati Singh, Chandrakant Prasad
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Local infiltration of the surgical wound is one of the important components of multimodal analgesia for post-operative pain relief. This study determines the post-operative analgesic effect of addition of dexmedetomidine to bupivacaine for local infiltration of the surgical wound. METHODS: Sixty women belonging to American Society of Anesthesiologists' Grade 1 or 2 posted for abdominal hysterectomy were randomly allocated to Group I (control group) where patients received wound infiltration with 30 mL 0...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638926/-mechanisms-and-applications-of-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-in-analgesia
#17
Zheng-Yu Tang, Hui-Quan Wang, Xiao-Lei Xia, Yi Tang, Wei-Wei Peng, Li Hu
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), as a non-pharmacological and non-invasive analgesic therapy with low-cost, has been widely used to relieve pain in various clinical applications, by delivering current pulses to the skin area to activate the peripheral nerve fibers. Nevertheless, analgesia induced by TENS varied in the clinical practice, which could be caused by the fact that TENS with different stimulus parameters has different biological mechanisms in relieving pain. Therefore, to advance our understanding of TENS in various basic and clinical studies, we discussed (1) neurophysiological and biochemical mechanisms of TENS-induced analgesia; (2) relevant factors that may influence analgesic effects of TENS from the perspectives of stimulus parameters, including stimulated position, pulse parameters (current intensity, frequency, and pulse width), stimulus duration and used times in each day; and (3) applications of TENS in relieving clinical pain, including post-operative pain, chronic low back pain and labor pain...
June 25, 2017: Sheng Li Xue Bao: [Acta Physiologica Sinica]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622694/the-effect-of-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-on-early-pain-hyperalgesia-in-patients-following-elective-laparoscopic-transabdominal-resection-of-rectal-cancer
#18
Min Liang, Chang-Ying Li, Chun-Guang Ren, Zong-Wang Zhang, Zhi-Jian Fu
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy has been associated with hyperalgesia. This prospective study was designed to investigate the effect of intraperitoneal chemotherapy with lobaplatin on post-operative pain intensity and sufentanil requirements after laparoscopic transabdominal resection of rectal cancer. METHODS: Eighty subjects (40 subjects treated with intraperitoneal chemotherapy and 40 subjects without chemotherapy treatment) scheduled for laparoscopic transabdominal resection of rectal cancer were included in this study...
June 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615506/modified-protocol-for-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-is-beneficial-for-chinese-cancer-patients-undergoing-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#19
Xiaxing Deng, Xi Cheng, Zhen Huo, Yuan Shi, Zhijian Jin, Haoran Feng, Yue Wang, Chenlei Wen, Hao Qian, Ren Zhao, Weihua Qiu, Baiyong Shen, Chenghong Peng
Radical surgical resection remains the only effective treatment for advanced pancreatic cancer. Effective protocols for recovery from post-operative complications that result in high rates of morbidity and mortality are therefore essential. The enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol is an interdisciplinary multimodal concept based on modern anesthesia and analgesia combined with other fast rehabilitation parameters. It was first applied in the field of elective colorectal surgery, and eventually extended to several surgical diseases...
May 23, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607283/natural-orifice-transluminal-endoscopic-surgery-hybrid-cholecystectomy-the-dhillon-technique
#20
Kanwarjit Singh Dhillon, Divya Awasthi, Arshbir Singh Dhillon
INTRODUCTION: This study presents a novel technique to perform cholecystectomy and assess its outcome and feasibility. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study presents the novel Dhillon technique and experience of hybrid natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) technique, that is, laparoscopic-assisted transvaginal cholecystectomy. We have evaluated the outcomes in terms of cosmesis, post-operative recovery and analgesic requirement. The study included 257 patients who underwent hybrid NOTES cholecystectomy at single tertiary hospital...
July 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
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