keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

African surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326504/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-following-third-molar-surgery-in-an-african-population
#1
Adebayo Aremu Ibikunle, Wasiu Lanre Adeyemo
Introduction: Surgical extraction of impacted mandibular third molars is often associated with sequelae such as postoperative pain, facial edema, and limitation in mouth opening ability. These sequelae may result in changes in the patients' lifestyle and quality of life (QoL). Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of surgical extraction of impacted mandibular third molars on patients' QoL in the immediate postoperative period (7 days). Materials and Methods: Ethical approval for this study was obtained from the Health Research and Ethics committee of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321256/race-preoperative-risk-factors-and-death-after-surgery
#2
Oguz Akbilgic, Max Raymond Langham, Robert Lowell Davis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: African American children are more than twice as likely to die after surgery compared with white children. In this study, we evaluated whether risk factors for death after surgery differ for African American and white children, and we also assessed whether race-specific risk stratification models perform better than non-race-specific models. METHODS: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Pediatric Participant Use Data File contains clinical data on operations performed on children at participating institutions in the United States...
January 10, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318080/race-and-rehabilitation-destination-after-elective-total-hip-arthroplasty-analysis-of-a-large-regional-data-set
#3
Ernest R Vina, Michael J Kallan, Aliya Collier, Charles L Nelson, Said A Ibrahim
Background: Three-quarters of patients who undergo total hip replacement (THR) receive postsurgical rehabilitation care in an inpatient rehabilitation facility (IRF), a skilled nursing facility (SNF), or through a home health agency. The objectives of this study are to examine racial differences where THR recipients receive postsurgical rehabilitation care and determine whether discharge destination is associated with hospital readmission. Methods: Using the Pennsylvania Health Care Cost Containment Council database, we selected African American (AA) or white adults who underwent THR surgery (n = 68,016)...
December 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313288/mixed-adenoneuroendocrine-carcinoma-of-the-gallbladder
#4
Yi-Xin Lin, Qian-Bin Jia, Yi-Yun Fu, Nan-Sheng Cheng
Mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma rarely occurs in the gallbladder. Most cases of cholecystic mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma have been reported from Asia, North American, and Europe; however, there is scarce literature available on this tumor in other populations. Here, we report a case of mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma in a Melanoderm woman who was initially suspected to have gallbladder cancer. No specific symptoms or abnormal blood test results were observed preoperatively. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 7-cm hypointense mass in the gallbladder fossa, which invaded the surrounding liver segments...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306587/perioperative-patient-outcomes-in-the-african-surgical-outcomes-study-a-7-day-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#5
Bruce M Biccard, Thandinkosi E Madiba, Hyla-Louise Kluyts, Dolly M Munlemvo, Farai D Madzimbamuto, Apollo Basenero, Christina S Gordon, Coulibaly Youssouf, Sylvia R Rakotoarison, Veekash Gobin, Ahmadou L Samateh, Chaibou M Sani, Akinyinka O Omigbodun, Simbo D Amanor-Boadu, Janat T Tumukunde, Tonya M Esterhuizen, Yannick Le Manach, Patrice Forget, Abdulaziz M Elkhogia, Ryad M Mehyaoui, Eugene Zoumeno, Gabriel Ndayisaba, Henry Ndasi, Andrew K N Ndonga, Zipporah W W Ngumi, Ushmah P Patel, Daniel Zemenfes Ashebir, Akwasi A K Antwi-Kusi, Bernard Mbwele, Hamza Doles Sama, Mahmoud Elfiky, Maher A Fawzy, Rupert M Pearse
BACKGROUND: There is a need to increase access to surgical treatments in African countries, but perioperative complications represent a major global health-care burden. There are few studies describing surgical outcomes in Africa. METHODS: We did a 7-day, international, prospective, observational cohort study of patients aged 18 years and older undergoing any inpatient surgery in 25 countries in Africa (the African Surgical Outcomes Study). We aimed to recruit as many hospitals as possible using a convenience sampling survey, and required data from at least ten hospitals per country (or half the surgical centres if there were fewer than ten hospitals) and data for at least 90% of eligible patients from each site...
January 3, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304834/evolutionary-aspects-of-non-metastatic-breast-cancer-after-primary-treatment-in-a-sub-saharan-african-setting-a-16-year-retrospective-review-at-the-douala-general-hospital-cameroon
#6
Bibiana Ateh Nzeangung, Martin Essomba Biwole, Benjamin Momo Kadia, Ndemazie Nkafu Bechem, Christian Akem Dimala, Albert Mouelle Sone
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer has a high case fatality rate in sub-Saharan Africa, and this is chiefly because of late detection and inadequate treatment resources. Progressive renovations in diagnostic and management modalities of non-metastatic breast cancer (NMBC) have been noted in the region but there is paucity of data describing the clinical progress of patients with NMBC. This study sought to determine the rates of local relapse, distant metastasis and sequelae and the time span from initial treatment to the occurrence of these adverse events among patients with NMBC...
January 5, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304820/degloving-injuries-with-versus-without-underlying-fracture-in-a-sub-saharan-african-tertiary-hospital-a-prospective-observational-study
#7
Hervé Monka Lekuya, Rose Alenyo, Isaac Kajja, Alexander Bangirana, Ronald Mbiine, Ater Ngoth Deng, Moses Galukande
BACKGROUND: Degloving injuries are surgical conditions in which an extensive portion of skin and subcutaneous tissue is detached from the underlying fasciae, muscles, or bone surface. Frequently, there is an association of fracture underlying the degloved area. We aimed to compare the short-term outcomes of degloving injuries with and without underlying fracture. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted. We recruited patients with degloving injuries, and followed them up for 30 days to assess the outcomes...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297838/repair-of-a-femoral-fracture-in-a-congo-african-grey-parrot-psittacus-erithacus-erithacus-with-a-paracortical-clamp-cerclage-technique
#8
Pavel Slunsky, Lesley Halter, Svenja Florczak, Alexander Haake, Leo Brunnberg, Kerstin Müller
A 1-yr-old female Congo African grey parrot ( Psittacus erithacus erithacus) was admitted with a lameness of the right pelvic limb. On the radiographs a closed, caudolaterally displaced, comminuted, diaphyseal fracture of the femur was diagnosed. Surgery under general anesthesia was performed in order to repair the fracture with a paracortical-clamp-cerclage technique. This straightforward and effective technique has been developed as a low-cost treatment for simple and comminuted diaphyseal fractures in dogs and cats...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288658/preoperative-scale-to-determine-all-cause-readmission-after-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#9
Aleksander Zywot, Christine Sm Lau, Nina Glass, Stephanie Bonne, Franchesca Hwang, Koren Goodman, Anne Mosenthal, Subroto Paul
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is associated with all-cause readmission rates of approximately 15%. In attempts to reduce readmission rates, the Hospital Readmission Reduction Program expanded to include CABG surgeries in 2015. The aim of this study was therefore to develop a predictive readmission scale that would identify patients at higher risk of readmission after CABG using commonly available administrative data. METHODS: Data on 126,519 patients from California and New York (derivation cohort) and 94,318 patients from Florida and Washington (validation cohort) were abstracted from the State Inpatient Database (2006-2011)...
December 27, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283126/comparison-of-surgical-outcomes-between-canaloplasty-and-trabeculectomy-with-mitomycin-c-at-2-year-follow-up-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#10
Winston J Garris, Crystal Le, David Zurakowski, Ramesh S Ayyala
PURPOSE: To compare operative outcomes of patients after canaloplasty and trabeculectomy with mitomycin C (MMC) through 2-year follow-up. METHODS: We included 31 eyes of 31 patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) who underwent canaloplasty and 37 eyes of 37 patients with POAG who underwent trabeculectomy with MMC with 24 months of postoperative follow-up. All surgeries were performed by a single surgeon between January 2005 and May 2011. Failure was defined as intraocular pressure (IOP> 18 or <4 mmHg at 2 years), second operative procedure, or loss of light perception...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282601/decreased-use-of-sphincter-preserving-procedures-among-african-americans-with-rectal-cancer
#11
Elliot G Arsoniadis, Yunhua Fan, Stephanie Jarosek, Wolfgang B Gaertner, Genevieve B Melton, Robert D Madoff, Mary R Kwaan
BACKGROUND: Improved multimodality rectal cancer treatment has increased the use of sphincter-preserving surgery. This study sought to determine whether African American (AA) patients with rectal cancer receive sphincter-preserving surgery at the same rate as non-AA patients. METHODS: The study used the Nationwide Inpatient Sample for years 1998-2012 to compare AA and non-AA patients with rectal cancer undergoing low anterior resection or abdominoperineal resection...
December 27, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278458/osteologic-analysis-of-ethnic-differences-in-supernumerary-ethmoidal-foramina-implications-for-endoscopic-sinus-and-orbit-surgery
#12
Sarina K Mueller, Benjamin S Bleier
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the position of the ethmoidal arteries is critical to enable safe endoscopic sinus and orbital surgery. The presence of a third or "middle" ethmoid variant has recently become more relevant as endoscopic intraconal surgery continues to advance. The purpose of this study was to quantify the presence of supernumerary (ie, over 2) ethmoid foramina in different ethnicities and genders. METHODS: Morphometric osteologic measurements were performed in 273 orbits...
December 26, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248013/fertility-sparing-surgery-in-advanced-stage-malignant-ovarian-germ-cell-tumor-a-case-report
#13
Montassar Ghalleb, Hatem Bouzaiene, Skander Slim, Achraf Hadiji, Monia Hechiche, Jamel Ben Hassouna, Khaled Rahal
BACKGROUND: Malignant ovarian germ cell tumor is a rare type of disease, which generally has a good prognosis due to the high chemosensitivity of this type of tumor. Fertility preservation is an important issue because malignant ovarian germ cell tumor commonly affects young women. Although conservation is the standard for early stage, it becomes more debatable as the disease progresses to more advanced stages. AIM: Report the case of a patient with an International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics Stage IIIc malignant ovarian germ cell tumor, who had conservative surgery and chemotherapy with a good fertility outcome...
December 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242749/setting-the-research-and-implementation-agenda-for-equitable-access-to-surgical-care-in-south-africa
#14
REVIEW
Sarah Rayne, Sule Burger, Stephanie Van Straten, Bruce Biccard, Mathume Joseph Phaahla, Martin Smith
South Africa is an upper-middle-income country with widespread social and geographical inequality of surgical provision. The National Forum on Surgery and Anaesthesia in South Africa brought together various stakeholders, including government, societies, academic clinicians and the biomedical industry, to define the core strategy for a national surgical plan. During the forum, presentations and breakaway workshops explored and reported the challenges and opportunities these stakeholders may have in sustaining and improving surgical provision in South Africa...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227854/surgical-intervention-in-a-complicated-persistent-chyle-leak
#15
Bradley Curtis Tenny, Jeko Madjarov, Travis Shipe
INTRODUCTION: Chyle leak following cervical surgery has a reported incidence of around 2% annually, and the injury primarily favors a left sided involvement. Our patient presented with a right sided neck persistent chyle leak status post cervical neck dissection and radiation therapy. Infection complicated the patient's clinical course, and he inevitably required a right sided VATS thoracic duct ligation. PRESENTATION OF CASE: The patient was a 53-year-old African American male, with a past medical history of T1N0 right tonsil carcinoma status post chemo-radiation in 2016...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227054/auditing-surgical-service-provision-at-a-south-african-tertiary-institution-implications-for-the-development-of-district-services
#16
G L Laing, D L Skinner, J L Bruce, C Aldous, V Govindasamy, S R Thomson, D L Clarke
BACKGROUND: The optimal management of resources within South African state hospitals has been hampered by a paucity of data due to a lack of robust auditing information systems. This study reviews the use of a Hybrid Electronic Medical Record (HEMR) system to capture and aggregate data pertaining to the inpatient service demands on a South African tertiary surgical service. This dataset was used to analyse the appropriateness of tertiary surgical resource utilisation. METHOD: The HEMR system was implemented at Greys Hospital, in the city of Pietermaritzburg, Kwa-Zulu Natal, South Africa on 1 January 2013...
November 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221480/prevalence-and-etiologies-of-pulmonary-hypertension-in-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Jean Joel Bigna, Jean Jacques Noubiap, Jobert Richie Nansseu, Leopold Ndemnge Aminde
BACKGROUND: Despite the recent increasing worldwide attention towards pulmonary hypertension (PH), its epidemiology remains poorly described in Africa. Accordingly, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of PH prevalence, incidence and etiologies in Africa. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, African Journals Online, and Africa Index Medicus. Published observational studies until September 20, 2017, including adult participants residing in Africa were considered...
December 8, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214075/air-bubble-technique-for-fundus-visualization-during-vitrectomy-in-aphakia
#18
Mahmoud Mohamed Farouk, Takeshi Naito, Mohammed Elagouz, Hatem Ammar, Alahmady Hamad Alsmman, Engy Mohamed Mostafa
Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of air bubble technique for vitrectomy in aphakia. Study Design: Prospective interventional uncontrolled case series. Methods: This study included 53 eyes of 53 patients who are phakic and indicated for phacovitrectomy (7 eyes, group 1), aphakic and indicated for vitrectomy (22 eyes, group 2), or underwent unplanned vitrectomy for immediate management of a phacoemulsification surgery complicated by rupture posterior capsule with dropped nucleus, fragments, or IOL (24 eyes, group 3)...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210924/intraventricular-hemorrhage-in-moderate-to-severe-congenital-heart-disease
#19
Cynthia M Ortinau, Jagruti S Anadkat, Christopher D Smyser, Pirooz Eghtesady
OBJECTIVES: Determine the prevalence of intraventricular hemorrhage in infants with moderate to severe congenital heart disease, investigate the impact of gestational age, cardiac diagnosis, and cardiac intervention on intraventricular hemorrhage, and compare intraventricular hemorrhage rates in preterm infants with and without congenital heart disease. DESIGN: A single-center retrospective review. SETTING: A tertiary care children's hospital...
January 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209733/quality-of-surgery-in-malawi-comparison-of-patient-reported-outcomes-after-hernia-surgery-between-district-and-central-hospitals
#20
Jakub Gajewski, Ronan Conroy, Leon Bijlmakers, Gerald Mwapasa, Tracey McCauley, Eric Borgstein, Ruairi Brugha
BACKGROUND: District hospitals in Africa could meet the essential surgical needs of rural populations. However, evidence on outcomes is needed to justify investment in this option, given that surgery at district hospitals in some African countries is usually undertaken by non-physician clinicians. METHODS: Baseline and 2-3-month follow-up measurements were undertaken on 98 patients who had undergone hernia repairs at four district and two central hospitals in Malawi, using a modified quality-of-life tool...
December 5, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
keyword
keyword
5257
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"