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Male urinary incontinence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937370/clinicopathologic-features-of-four-rare-types-of-chordomas-confirmed-by-brachyury-immunostaining
#1
Bharat Rekhi, Devmalya Banerjee, Mukta Ramadwar, Jyoti Bajpai, Nirmala A Jambhekar
BACKGROUND: A wide clinicopathologic spectrum of a chordoma exists. Brachyury constitutes as its most useful diagnostic immunohistochemical (IHC) marker. METHODS: During a 7-year-period, 4 unusual histopathologic types of chordomas were identified. Immunohistochemistry was performed by polymer technique. RESULTS: Clinicopathologic features of the 4 cases are as follows: Cases 1 and 2: Two tumors occurred in the sacrococcygeal and lumbosacral regions of a 42-year-old male and a 34-year-old female, respectively...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934076/delayed-urinary-symptoms-induced-by-ketamine
#2
María Robles-Martínez, Alfonso C Abad, Violeta Pérez-Rodríguez, Elena Ros-Cucurull, Abderraman Esojo, Carlos Roncero
One of the side-effects of ketamine abuse is genito-urinary damage. This report describes a case of a former ketamine user who presented with urinary symptoms associated with ketamine years after stopping consumption. This was a 26-year-old male with a history of ketamine abuse. He started treatment for alcohol dependence at age 19. He smoked marijuana daily and denied any other drug use. During the follow-up, urinary symptoms were evidenced (dysuria, frequency, urgency, incontinence, nocturia, hematuria, and suprapubic pain)...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904901/artificial-urinary-sphincter
#3
REVIEW
William O Brant, Francisco E Martins
Although currently still the gold standard treatment for post-prostatectomy urinary incontinence, the artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) (AMS800) is an invasive procedure with associated risks factors. In this paper, we aim to outline what the scientific literature and what we personally believe are the factors that are useful and/or necessary to mitigate these risks, including both patient factors and surgeon factors. We also review special populations, including transcorporal (TC) AUS approach, AUS with inflatable penile prosthesis, AUS after male urethral sling, AUS erosion management, and AUS after orthotopic urinary diversion...
August 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904900/advance-male-sling
#4
REVIEW
Amanda S J Chung, Oscar A Suarez, Kurt A McCammon
The AdVance sling (American Medical Systems, Minnetonka, MN, United States of America) is a synthetic transobturator sling, which is a safe and effective minimally invasive treatment for mild to moderate stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in male patients. This article provides a step-by-step description of our technique for placement of the AdVance male sling, including details and nuances gained from surgical experience, advice for avoidance of complications and discussion on management of complications and sling failures...
August 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904899/virtue-quadratic-male-sling-for-stress-incontinence-surgical-guide-for-placement-and-delayed-revision
#5
REVIEW
Rachel S Rubin, Keith R Xavier, Eugene Rhee
The algorithm for surgical management of post prostatectomy incontinence classically includes male slings and artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) placement. The Virtue Quadratic Male Sling was designed to provide both urethral elevation and prepubic compression making it a viable option for a wider spectrum of incontinent men whose symptoms range from mild to severe. With a focus on two key steps of the surgery, (I) sling fixation (II) use of intraoperative retrograde leak point pressure (RLPP), this guide is intended to outline a safe and efficacious treatment for post-prostatectomy incontinence...
August 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892597/adult-male-stress-and-urge-urinary-incontinence-a-review-of-pathophysiology-and-treatment-strategies-for-voiding-dysfunction-in-men
#6
Eric Chung, Darren J Katz, Christopher Love
BACKGROUND: Male urinary incontinence adversely affects health-related quality of life and is associated with significant psychosexual and financial burden. The two most common forms of male incontinence are stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and overactive bladder (OAB) with concomitant urge urinary incontinence (UUI). OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this article are to briefly review the current understandings of the pathophysiological mechanisms in SUI and OAB/UUI, and offer a set of practical, action-based recommendations and treatment strategies...
September 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827697/gait-speed-rather-than-dynapenia-is-a-simple-indicator-for-complex-care-needs-a-cross-sectional-study-using-minimum-data-set
#7
Tzu-Ya Huang, Chih-Kuang Liang, Hsiu-Chu Shen, Hon-I Chen, Mei-Chen Liao, Ming-Yueh Chou, Yu-Te Lin, Liang-Kung Chen
The impact of dynapenia on the complexity of care for residents of long-term care facilities (LTCF) remains unclear. The present study evaluated associations between dynapenia, care problems and care complexity in 504 residents of Veterans Care Homes (VCHs) in Taiwan. Subjects with dynapenia, defined as low muscle strength (handgrip strength <26 kg), were older adults with lower body mass index (BMI), slow gait speed, and higher numbers of Resident Assessment Protocol (RAP) triggers. After adjusting for age, education, BMI, and Charlson's comorbidity index (CCI), only age, education, BMI and gait speed were independently associated with higher numbers of RAP triggers, but not dynapenia or handgrip strength (kg)...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827045/racial-and-ethnic-variation-in-health-related-quality-of-life-scores-prior-to-prostate-cancer-treatment
#8
Stephanie R Reading, Kimberly R Porter, Jeffrey M Slezak, Teresa N Harrison, Joy S Gelfond, Gary W Chien, Steven J Jacobsen
INTRODUCTION: Many men diagnosed with prostate cancer are concerned with how the disease and its course of treatment could affect their health-related quality of life (HRQOL). To aid in the decision-making process on a course of treatment and to better understand how these treatments can affect HRQOL, knowledge of pretreatment HRQOL is essential. AIMS: To assess the racial and ethnic variations in HRQOL scores in men newly diagnosed with prostate cancer before electing a course of treatment...
August 18, 2017: Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799195/sacral-nerve-stimulation-for-constipation-and-fecal-incontinence-in-children-long-term-outcomes-patient-benefit-and-parent-satisfaction
#9
P L Lu, I J N Koppen, D K Orsagh-Yentis, K Leonhart, E J Ambeba, K J Deans, P C Minneci, S Teich, K A Diefenbach, S A Alpert, M A Benninga, D Yacob, C Di Lorenzo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term efficacy of sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) in children with constipation and describe patient benefit and parent satisfaction. METHODS: Using a prospective patient registry, we identified patients <21 years old with constipation treated with SNS for >2 years. We compared symptoms, medical treatment, PedsQL Gastrointestinal Symptom Scale (GSS), Fecal Incontinence Quality of Life Scale (FIQL), and Fecal Incontinence Severity Index (FISI) before SNS and at follow-up...
August 10, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792796/clinical-response-and-side-effects-associated-with-testosterone-cypionate-for-urinary-incontinence-in-male-dogs
#10
Jean-Sébastien Palerme, Allison Mazepa, Rae G Hutchins, Vincent Ziglioli, Shelly L Vaden
Urethral sphincter mechanism incompetence (USMI) is reported much more seldom in male dogs than in female dogs. The few existing reports evaluating the efficacy of medical therapy in controlling USMI in males have demonstrated limited success. In this case series, we report the effect of testosterone cypionate, given at a median dose of 1.5 mg/kg intramuscularly every 4 wk, in eight male dogs with USMI. Response was evaluated through the review of medical records and telephone interviews with the clients. Based on owners' assessments, a good to excellent response was reported in three of eight dogs (38%), a slight response was reported in one of eight dogs (12%), and a poor response was reported in four of eight dogs (50%)...
August 9, 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791230/contemporary-surgical-devices-for-male-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-review-of-technological-advances-in-current-continence-surgery
#11
REVIEW
Eric Chung
Male stress urinary incontinence (SUI) remains a debilitating condition that adversely impacts all domains of quality of life and is associated with significant social stigma and health economic burden. The incidence of post-prostatectomy urinary incontinence (PPI) depends on the definition of urinary incontinence and the length of patient follow up. In patients with persistent PPI following failure of conservative measures, surgical treatment is recommended although there is no published guideline on when surgery should be performed, and what the best surgical option is...
July 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791229/impact-of-bladder-dysfunction-in-the-management-of-post-radical-prostatectomy-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Derek B Hennessey, Nathan Hoag, Johan Gani
Bladder dysfunction is a relatively common urodynamic finding post radical prostatectomy (RP). It can be the sole cause of post prostatectomy incontinence (PPI) or may be found in association with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The aim of this review is to provide a comprehensive review of the diagnosis and different treatments of post RP bladder dysfunction. A comprehensive literature review using medical search engines was performed. The search included a combination of the following terms, PPI, detrusor overactivity (DO), detrusor underactivity (DU), impaired compliance, anticholinergic, onabotulinumtoxinA (Botox(®)) and sacral neuromodulation (SNM)...
July 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774749/sexual-and-reproductive-health-behaviors-and-experiences-reported-by-young-women-with-cystic-fibrosis
#13
Traci M Kazmerski, Gregory S Sawicki, Elizabeth Miller, Kelley A Jones, Kaleab Z Abebe, Lisa K Tuchman, Sigrid Ladores, Ronald C Rubenstein, Scott D Sagel, Daniel J Weiner, Joseph M Pilewski, David M Orenstein, Sonya Borrero
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of general and disease-specific sexual and reproductive health (SRH) concerns is unknown in the United States (U.S.) female CF population. This study aimed to describe and compare the SRH experiences and behaviors of young women with CF with the general U.S. POPULATION: HASH(0x44d1850) METHODS: Young women with CF ages 15-24years from five geographically diverse U.S. CF centers participated in a survey investigating SRH...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767715/lafora-disease-in-miniature-wirehaired-dachshunds
#14
Lindsay Swain, Gill Key, Anna Tauro, Saija Ahonen, Peixiang Wang, Cameron Ackerley, Berge A Minassian, Clare Rusbridge
Lafora disease (LD) is an autosomal recessive late onset, progressive myoclonic epilepsy with a high prevalence in the miniature Wirehaired Dachshund. The disease is due to a mutation in the Epm2b gene which results in intracellular accumulation of abnormal glycogen (Lafora bodies). Recent breed-wide testing suggests that the carrier plus affected rate may be as high as 20%. A characteristic feature of the disease is spontaneous and reflex myoclonus; however clinical signs and disease progression are not well described...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762672/safety-efficacy-and-persistence-of-long-term-mirabegron-treatment-for-overactive-bladder-in-the-daily-clinical-setting-interim-1-year-report-from-a-japanese-post-marketing-surveillance-study
#15
Daisuke Kato, Hiromi Tabuchi, Satoshi Uno
OBJECTIVES: To report interim 1-year results from a 3-year surveillance study evaluating safety, efficacy, and persistence of long-term mirabegron for overactive bladder (OAB). METHODS: Patients starting treatment with mirabegron for urinary urgency, daytime frequency, and urgency incontinence associated with OAB were registered and followed up for 3 years. Data were collected on adverse drug reactions (ADR), changes in OAB symptoms, changes in Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS), and treatment discontinuations...
August 1, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757770/recent-research-on-the-role-of-urodynamic-study-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-male-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-and-urinary-incontinence
#16
REVIEW
Yuan-Hong Jiang, Hann-Chorng Kuo
Although evidence shows that urodynamic study may not improve outcomes, it can be used to evaluate men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTSs) which have not been adequately delineated and treated. In young men with LUTS not responding to treatment based on clinical examination, or elderly men with LUTS and incontinence, a complete urodynamic evaluation is mandatory to understand the pathophysiology underlying LUTS, such as bladder outlet obstruction (BOO), detrusor overactivity, and detrusor underactivity...
April 2017: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752084/the-long-term-effect-of-superficial-bladder-neck-incision-on-ejaculation-and-incontinence-in-boys-with-primary-and-secondary-bladder-neck-obstruction
#17
Pauline M L Hennus, Esther Hoenjet, Jan H Kieft, Tom P V M de Jong, Laetitia M O de Kort
OBJECTIVE: Superficial bladder neck incision (SBNI) is controversial at young age, with retrograde ejaculation after puberty as main concern. The aim of the study is to investigate the long-term effect of SBNI on ejaculation and incontinence in boys with primary and secondary bladder neck obstruction (BNO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In boys with infravesical obstruction, SBNI was performed in case of a persistent BNO after earlier desobstruction or in case of primary severely obstructive bladder neck...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746360/synergistic-effects-of-cognitive-impairment-on-physical-disability-in-all-cause-mortality-among-men-aged-80-years-and-over-results-from-longitudinal-older-veterans-study
#18
Wan-Chen Yu, Ming-Yueh Chou, Li-Ning Peng, Yu-Te Lin, Chih-Kuang Liang, Liang-Kung Chen
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated effects of the interrelationship between physical disability and cognitive impairment on long-term mortality of men aged 80 years and older living in a retirement community in Taiwan. METHODS: This prospective cohort study enrolled older men aged 80 and older living in a Veterans Care Home. Those with confirmed diagnosis of dementia were excluded. All participants received comprehensive geriatric assessment, including sociodemographic data, Charlson's Comorbidity Index (CCI), geriatric syndromes, activities of daily living (ADL) using the Barthel index and cognitive function using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724322/predictors-of-urinary-incontinence-between-abdominal-obesity-and-non-obese-male-adults
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Dongmei Li, Yi Xu, Qingbin Nie, Yan Li, Gengsheng Mao
OBJECTIVES: To investigate factors that may be associated with urinary incontinence (UI) in abdominal obese and non-obese adult males. METHODS: Data were analyzed for 2671 men (≥40 years of age) who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2005-2008). We define abdominal obesity as a waist circumference >102 cm. Men with Incontinence Severity Index ≥3 were defined as having UI. Logistic regression analyses were used to identify factors associated with stress and urge UI...
September 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723370/evaluation-and-management-of-postprostatectomy-incontinence-a-systematic-review-of-current-literature
#20
REVIEW
Alexander Kretschmer, Wilhelm Hübner, Jaspreet S Sandhu, Ricarda M Bauer
CONTEXT: Radical prostatectomy is the most common reason for male stress urinary incontinence. There is still uncertainty about its diagnostic and therapeutic management. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate current evidence regarding the diagnosis and therapy of postprostatectomy incontinence (PPI). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review of the literature was performed in October 2015 using the Medline database. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Diagnosis and conservative treatment of PPI are currently mostly based on expert opinions...
August 2016: European Urology Focus
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