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Urethral injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638819/testosterone-modifies-alterations-to-detrusor-muscle-after-partial-bladder-outlet-obstruction-in-juvenile-mice
#1
Andrew S Flum, Paula R Firmiss, Diana K Bowen, Natalie Kukulka, Grace B Delos Santos, Robert W Dettman, Edward M Gong
Lower urinary tract symptoms secondary to posterior urethral valves (PUV) arise in boys during adolescence. The reasons for this have previously been attributed to increased urine output as boys experience increased growth. Additionally, there are few choices for clinicians to effectively treat these complications. We formed the new hypothesis that increased androgen levels at this time of childhood development could play a role at the cellular level in obstructed bladders. To test this hypothesis, we investigated the role of testosterone on bladder detrusor muscle following injury from partial bladder outlet obstruction (PO) in mice...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637786/the-role-of-capsaicin-sensitive-c-fiber-afferent-pathways-in-the-control-of-micturition-in-spinal-intact-and-spinal-cord-injured-mice
#2
Katsumi Kadekawa, Tsuyoshi Majima, Takahiro Shimizu, Naoki Wada, William C de Groat, Anthony J Kanai, Momokazu Goto, Mitsuharu Yoshiyama, Kimio Sugaya, Naoki Yoshimura
We examined bladder and urethral sphincter activity in mice with or without spinal cord injury (SCI) after C-fiber afferent desensitization induced by capsaicin pretreatment and changes in electrophysiological properties of mouse bladder afferent neurons 4 weeks after SCI. Female C57BL/6N mice were divided into 4 groups; (1) spinal intact (SI)-control, (2) SI-capsaicin pretreatment (Cap), (3) SCI-control and (4) SCI-Cap groups. Continuous cystometry and external urethral sphincter (EUS)-electromyogram (EMG) were conducted under an awake condition...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606774/primary-realignment-for-pelvic-fracture-urethral-injury-is-associated-with-prolonged-time-to-urethroplasty-and-increased-stenosis-complexity
#3
Akio Horiguchi, Masayuki Shinchi, Ayako Masunaga, Kazuki Okubo, Kazuki Kawamura, Kenichiro Ojima, Keiichi Ito, Tomohiko Asano, Ryuichi Azuma
OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical courses of patients with pelvic fracture urethral injury (PFUI) according to initial management strategy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed the clinical courses of 63 patients with PFUI who were initially treated elsewhere and underwent delayed anastomotic urethroplasty by a single surgeon between 2008 and 2015. Patients were grouped according to their initial treatment: by suprapubic tube placement alone (49 patients, SPT group) or primary realignment (14 patients, PR group)...
June 9, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593780/-complications-tension-free-vaginal-tape-surgery
#4
P Piškytlová
OBJECTIVE: A comprehensive overview of the potential complications associated with vaginal tape operations, which are commonly used in the treatment of stress urinary incontinence in women. DESIGN: Review article. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oblastní nemocnice Kolín, a.s. METHODS: Using medical databases were searched articles dealing with complications tension-free vaginal tape procedures. In individual cases, complications were observed their causes and solutions...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589242/surgery-beyond-the-visible-light-spectrum-theoretical-and-applied-methods-for-localization-of-the-male-urethra-during-transanal-total-mesorectal-excision
#5
S Atallah, A Mabardy, A P Volpato, T Chin, J Sneider, J R T Monson
The risk of urethral injury during transanal total mesorectal excision (taTME) is delineated, and potential risk factors for iatrogenic transection are reviewed. A variety of applied and theoretical techniques can be used by surgeons to diminish the risk of injury in males undergoing this operation. Many of the approaches utilize non-optic media and wavelengths beyond the visible light spectrum which can enhance the surgeon's frame of reference. The aim of the present study was to assess the techniques and theoretical approaches to urethral localization during taTME...
June 6, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580635/a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-catheter-management-of-neurogenic-bladder-after-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury
#6
Giulia I Lane, Amy Driscoll, Kyrollos Tawfik, Kristin Chrouser
AIMS: This cross-sectional study describes the catheter management of neurogenic bladder (NGB) in patients with traumatic spinal cord injury (tSCI) with emphasis on the motivations behind transitions between intermittent (IC) and indwelling catheters. METHODS: Patients at the Minneapolis VA with history of tSCI who utilized either intermittent catheterization (IC), urethral (UC) or suprapubic (SP) catheters, participated in a voluntary, anonymous survey regarding their bladder management strategies...
June 5, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580070/isolated-spongy-urethral-rupture-from-abrupt-coital-distractive-force
#7
Brian J McArdle, Mark A Wille, Courtney Mp Hollowell
The classic presentation of penile fracture is a cracking or snap sound, with sharp pain, immediate detumescence, swelling, deformation and ecchymosis. A penile fracture involves rupture of the tunica albuginea of one or both corpora cavernosa. Concomitant urethral rupture is reported to occur in 10% to 20% of penile fracture cases. Isolated urethral injury without penile fracture is extremely rare. We report the first case of isolated pendulous urethral rupture from an abrupt coital distractive force. We include a literature review and discussion of isolated urethral trauma secondary to sexual intercourse...
February 2017: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578163/efficacy-and-safety-of-urinary-catheters-with-silver-alloy-coating-in-spinal-cord-injured-patients-a-multicentric-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial-the-escale-trial
#8
Xavier Bonfill, David Rigau, Manuel E Fuertes, Juana M Barrera-Chacón, María L Jáuregui-Abrisqueta, Sebastian Salvador, Carolina M Alemán-Sánchez, Albert Borau, Manuel Bea-Muñoz, Begoña Hidalgo, Maria J Andrade, Juan R Espinosa, María José Martínez-Zapata
BACKGROUND: Patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) that carry indwelling urinary catheters have an increased risk of urinary tract infection (UTIs). Antiseptic Silver Alloy-Coated silicone (SAC) urinary catheters prove to be a promising intervention to reduce UTIs; however, current evidence cannot be extrapolated to spinal cord injured patients. PURPOSE: Assess the efficacy of SAC urinary catheters for preventing catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CA-UTI)...
May 31, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571948/intermittent-projectile-urethraggia-an-unusual-sequela-of-a-skateboarding-accident-in-an-adolescent-male
#9
Kai B Dallas, David Guo, Catherine Harris, Christopher Elliott, Jeffrey Sung, Jennifer Abidari
Our patient suffered a perineal straddle injury, resulting in right cavernosal artery pseudoaneurysm in combination with a cavernosal-urethral fistula. The urethra failed to heal after several weeks and the patient presented with severe intermittent urethral bleeding. The pseudoaneurysm was successfully treated by coil embolization, with resolution of the bleeding. The patient recovered completely, with normal erectile and voiding function. This type of injury is very rare in literature: traumatic cavernosal arterial pseudoaneurysm is known to cause high flow priapism, but in this case additional cavernosal-urethral fistula resulted in a severe urethraggia...
May 29, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560481/fluorescence-to-highlight-the-urethra-a-human-cadaveric-study
#10
T G Barnes, M Penna, R Hompes, C Cunningham
BACKGROUND: Urethral injury is a complication feared by surgeons performing transanal TME (TaTME) or abdominoperineal excision (APE) procedures. Injury during TaTME occurs when the prostate is inadvertently mobilised or as a direct injury similar to the direct injury during the perineal dissection of APE procedures. We performed a proof of principle study to assess the feasibility of using indocyanine green (ICG) to fluoresce the urethra in human cadavers. METHODS: Indocyanine green at varying doses was mixed with Instillagel and infiltrated into the urethra of male human cadavers...
May 30, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540222/penile-fracture-epidemiology-diagnosis-and-management-in-iran-a-narrative-review
#11
REVIEW
Majid Mirzazadeh, Morteza Fallahkarkan, Jalil Hosseini
Penile fracture (PF) is considered an emergency in urology. In the literature there are some case series reporting considerable incidence of PF in some parts of Iran. There are no accurate data about the incidence of PF all around Iran. Although it may be uncommon in other parts of the country and in the other countries, it can also be underreported. There are some challenges in diagnosis, management, and also reporting of these cases. In this review of Iranian medical literature, we searched for penile fracture and penile injury keywords in Medline, Scopus, SID, Google and Persian medical journals...
April 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505559/a-two-phased-study-on-health-care-professionals-perceptions-of-single-or-multi-use-of-intermittent-catheters
#12
D McClurg, J Coyle, A Long, K Moore, A Cottenden, C May, M Fader
AIMS: This two phase study aimed to explore health care professionals' teaching and prescribing practice related to intermittent catheterisation and to identify their perceptions about the possible implementation of a mixed (single and multi-use) package for intermittent catheterization. INTRODUCTION: Single-use intermittent catheters are the norm in the UK although multi-use is common in some other countries. A recent Cochrane review found no difference in complications, including urinary tract infection rates, between those using single or multi-use catheters...
May 4, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501111/laparoscopic-dissection-and-division-of-distal-fistula-in-boys-with-rectourethral-fistula
#13
Chen Wang, Mei Diao, Long Li, Shuli Liu, Zheng Chen, Xu Li, Wei Cheng
BACKGROUND: Congenital rectourethral fistula (RUF) is the most common form of anorectal malformations found in boys. The aim of this study is to review our experience with dissection and division of distal fistula using laparoscopic surgery in the management of RUF, especially rectourethral bulbar fistula. METHODS: One hundred and two consecutive boys with congenital RUF who underwent conventional or single-incision laparoscopic surgery between July 2008 and June 2015 were enrolled in the study...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495505/penile-fracture-following-a-fall-in-a-seven-year-old-male
#14
Bhalaajee Meenakshi-Sundaram, Caitlin T Coco, James R Furr, Marshall D Shaw, Dominic C Frimberger
We report a rare case of isolated penile fracture in a prepubescent male caused by an accidental fall. The patient presented with swelling and ecchymosis on the base of the penis and along the penile shaft. A flexible cystoscopy was performed which did not reveal any concomitant urethral injury. The penis was degloved and the corporal tear was closed with absorbable suture. Due to the location of the injury, ventral mobilization of the urethra was required. The pathophysiology of penile fracture as well as the diagnosis and management of this rare injury are discussed in this report...
May 8, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490036/fractured-penis-not-so-rare
#15
Ashwin S Tamhankar, Prakash W Pawar, Ajit S Sawant, Gaurav V Kasat, Abhishek Savaliya, Shankar Mundhe, Sunil Patil, Sayalee Narwade
INTRODUCTION: Penile fracture is a relatively common phenomenon. The main problem associated with this condition is the lack of patients' awareness on the urgency of the situation. This study reports the different modes of presentations and treatment results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed 21 cases of penile fracture over 5 years. Parameters were mode of injury, age group, time interval before presentation, management, site of injury, urethral involvement, results, complications and erectile function at follow-up...
May 11, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476482/report-on-the-society-for-fetal-urology-panel-discussion-on-the-selection-criteria-and-intervention-for-fetal-bladder-outlet-obstruction
#16
M K Farrugia, M C Braun, C A Peters, R Ruano, C D Herndon
INTRODUCTION: The Society for Fetal Urology panel section at the 2016 Fall Congress featured a multidisciplinary discussion on appropriate patient selection, the conservative versus surgical management, and postnatal renal outcome of fetuses with lower urinary tract obstruction (LUTO). SELECTION CRITERIA FOR INTERVENTION: Rodrigo Ruano shared his experience of prenatal intervention, presenting the outcome of 111 fetuses with severe LUTO treated with vesicoamniotic shunting (VAS) (n = 16), cystoscopy (n = 34) or no intervention (n = 61) in a non-randomized series...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467736/spinal-transection-alters-external-urethral-sphincter-activity-during-spontaneous-voiding-in-freely-moving-rats
#17
Brandon K LaPallo, Jonathan R Wolpaw, Xiang Yang Chen, Jonathan Carp
The rat is a commonly used model for the study of lower urinary tract function before and after spinal cord injury. We have previously reported that in unanesthetized, freely-moving rats, although phasic external urethral sphincter (EUS) activity (bursting) is most common during micturition, productive voiding can occur in the absence of bursting, which differs from results seen in anesthetized or unanesthetized restrained animals. The purpose of the present study was to characterize EUS behavior in unanesthetized, freely-moving rats before and after mid-thoracic (T8) or thoraco-lumbar (T13-L1) spinal transection to determine how EUS behavior after spinal cord injury differs from that seen in anesthetized or unanesthetized restrained rats...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466072/-hair-in-the-bladder-an-unusual-finding
#18
Luca Cindolo, Maida Bada, Roberto Bellocci, Piergustavo De Francesco, Pietro Castellan, Francesco Berardinelli, Fabio Neri, Luigi Schips
Trichobezoar is a rare condition whereby a hairball is found in the human stomach or gastrointestinal tract, most frequently in young women, mainly in association with a psychiatric disorder. Trichobezoar cases have also been reported in the bladder and represent a rare complication of foreign bodies, called "hair nidus or hair ball," in patients with chronic catheter. Approximately 10% to 15% of patients on long-term urethral catheter or clean intermittent self-catheterization develop urinary tract stones...
2017: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462639/can-laparoscopy-be-part-of-a-paediatric-surgery-outreach-service
#19
R Peeraully, R Hill, D Colliver, A Williams, S Motiwale, B Davies
INTRODUCTION The aim of this study was to assess the outreach laparoscopic service delivered by four paediatric surgeons to a district general hospital (DGH). METHODS A retrospective review was carried out of all laparoscopic procedures performed in a single DGH between January 2004 and November 2014 by the four paediatric surgeons providing the outreach service. All operations were identified from the electronic theatre system and archived correspondence. Demographic and clinical details were obtained from contemporaneous records...
May 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442385/the-immediate-management-of-pelvic-fracture-urethral-injury-endoscopic-realignment-or-cystostomy
#20
Qingsong Zou, Shukui Zhou, Kaile Zhang, Naixing Yang, Qiang Fu
PURPOSE: To determine whether endoscopic realignment or cystostomy provides the best immediate management of pelvic fracture urethral injury (PFUI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 590 patients with PFUI and included 522 cases due to strict criteria: endoscopic realignment group (129 patients) and cystostomy (393 patients). Data regarding stricture formation, stricture length, intervention technique, and long-term functional outcomes were analyzed...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Urology
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