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Urethral injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405064/anatomic-relation-between-single-incision-slings-and-the-obturator-vessels
#1
Amy L O'Boyle, Christopher P Chung, Wilma Larsen
The risk of arterial vascular injury within the retropubic space is a potentially life-threatening complication associated with mid-urethral sling placement for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence. To determine the relationship between the major blood vessels and a single incision sling, these slings were placed in 12 fresh female cadavers. Following the insertion of each sling, the retropubic space was dissected and sling placement was observed relative to the obturator neurovascular bundle bilaterally...
April 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384935/paediatric-post-traumatic-bladder-neck-distraction-injury-case-series
#2
Ajit S Sawant, Lomesh A Kapadnis, Vikash Kumar, Prakash Pawar, Ashwin S Tamhankar
The bladder neck distraction is a rare posterior urethral injury in paediatric age group. It mostly occurs secondary to road traffic accidents. We report three cases of paediatric bladder neck distraction injury. Three paediatric patients aged between 4 to 7 years (mean 5 year), who presented with post traumatic bladder neck distraction injury but no other major injury, they were treated with early urethro-vesical anastomosis. Postoperatively all patients were continent and with good urine flow rates. In paediatric bladder neck distraction injury, immediate urethro-vesical anastomosis gives good results...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366702/finding-nemo-nerve-sparing-midurethral-obstruction-a-pathophysiologically-accurate-model-of-rodent-partial-bladder-outlet-obstruction
#3
Martin Sidler, Karen Aitken, Janet Jiang, Dominika Bijos, Jaques Belik, Darius J Bägli
OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate a novel technique modeling partial bladder outlet obstruction (pBOO) using a Nerve-sparing Mid-urethral Obstruction (NeMO) approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Female unoperated rats were compared to rats after NeMO, NeMO-sham, proximal urethral obstruction (PU), or PU-sham. Residual volume, bladder capacity, voiding volume, and bladder mass were recorded; contractile characteristics of isolated bladder strips were also analyzed. Additionally, we quantitated nerve fibers at the bladder neck as well as extracellular matrix in the bladder wall...
March 30, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360950/management-of-pelvic-fracture-associated-urethral-injuries-a-survey-of-canadian-urologists
#4
Nathan Colin Wong, Christopher B Allard, Shawn Dason, Patricia Farrugia, Mohit Bhandari, Timothy O Davies
INTRODUCTION: The management of pelvic fracture-associated urethral injuries (PFUI) is not standardized and optimal management is controversial. We surveyed Canadian urologists about their experiences and opinions regarding optimal management of PFUI. METHODS: Canadian urologists were surveyed via an anonymous, bilingual, web-based, 12-item questionnaire. A total of 735 Canadian urologists were invited to participate via email distributed by the Canadian Urological Association...
March 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344944/human-bite-injuries-on-the-jos-plateau
#5
B T Ugwu
BACKGROUND: Human bite injuries with the associated morbidity are not uncommon in this environment. OBJECTIVE: To determine the pattern, management modalities and treatment outcome of human bites in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria. DESIGN: A prospective study of all human bite injuries managed at the Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria between January 2012 and December 2014. SETTING: Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria...
April 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291521/the-spectrum-of-injuries-in-buttock-stab-wounds
#6
REVIEW
T Campion, S Cross
Buttock stab wounds are a surprisingly common and increasing source of presentations to emergency departments. These injuries can have a significant impact on quality of life, and there are a number of often subtle, but significant, injuries that the radiologist must be alert to when interpreting computed tomography examinations in these patients. In this review, we will examine briefly the sociological reasons for the increase in these injuries, discuss appropriate imaging techniques, and provide imaging examples of the clinically important injuries that may be encountered in this region...
March 10, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289973/a-novel-laparoscopic-technique-for-anorectal-malformation-with-low-recto-bulbar-fistulae
#7
Mei Diao, Long Li, Kao-Ping Guan, Zhen Zhang, Wei Cheng
BACKGROUND: The repair of anorectal malformation (ARM) with low recto-bulbar fistula (bowel-to-skin distance: 1-1.5 cm) is contraindicated for laparoscopy due to the difficulty in exposing the fistulae. Posterior or anterior sagittal anorectoplasty is thus conventionally carried out for low recto-bulbar fistula repair. However, these procedures carry the potential risk of wound infection/dehiscence and incontinence. We have developed a single-incision laparoscopic-assisted perineal anorectoplasty (SILPARP) technique...
March 13, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267057/female-pelvic-floor-biomechanics-bridging-the-gap
#8
Deanna C Easley, Steven D Abramowitch, Pamela A Moalli
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The pelvic floor is a complex assembly of connective tissues and striated muscles that simultaneously counteracts gravitational forces, inertial forces, and intra-abdominal pressures while maintaining the position of the pelvic organs. In 30% of women, injury or failure of the pelvic floor results in pelvic organ prolapse. Surgical treatments have high recurrence rates, due, in part, to a limited understanding of physiologic loading conditions. It is critical to apply biomechanics to help elucidate how altered loading conditions of the pelvis contribute to the development of pelvic organ prolapse and to define surgeries to restore normal support...
May 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266818/update-on-complications-of-synthetic-suburethral-slings
#9
Cristiano Mendes Gomes, Fabrício Leite Carvalho, Carlos Henrique Suzuki Bellucci, Thiago Souto Hemerly, Fábio Baracat, Jose de Bessa, Miguel Srougi, Homero Bruschini
Synthetic suburethral slings have become the most widely used technique for the surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence. Despite its high success rates, significant complications have been reported including bleeding, urethral or bladder injury, urethral or bladder mesh erosion, intestinal perforation, vaginal extrusion of mesh, urinary tract infection, pain, urinary urgency and bladder outlet obstruction. Recent warnings from important regulatory agencies worldwide concerning safety issues of the use of mesh for urogynecological reconstruction have had a strong impact on patients as well as surgeons and manufacturers...
March 7, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259378/predictors-for-success-of-internal-urethrotomy-in-patients-with-urethral-contracture-following-perineal-repair-of-pelvic-fracture-urethral-injuries
#10
Young-Kwon Hong, Kyung-Hwa Choi, Young-Tae Lee, Seung-Ryeol Lee
INTRODUCTION: Internal urethrotomy (IU) in patients with urethral contracture following perineal repair of pelvic fracture urethral injuries (PRPFUI) is troublesome. We evaluated the clinical factors affecting the surgical outcome of IU for urethral contracture after PRPFUI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 35 patients who underwent IU for urethral contracture after PRPFUI between March 2004 and June 2013. Ages of patients ranged from 18 to 50, and their follow-up duration was more than 1year after IU...
February 27, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259114/injury-to-perineal-branch-of-pudendal-nerve-in-women-outcome-from-resection-of-the-perineal-branches
#11
Eric L Wan, Andrew T Goldstein, Hillary Tolson, A Lee Dellon
Background This study describes outcomes from a new surgical approach to treat "anterior" pudendal nerve symptoms in women by resecting the perineal branches of the pudendal nerve (PBPN). Methods Sixteen consecutive female patients with pain in the labia, vestibule, and perineum, who had positive diagnostic pudendal nerve blocks from 2012 through 2015, are included. The PBPN were resected and implanted into the obturator internus muscle through a paralabial incision. The mean age at surgery was 49.5 years (standard deviation [SD] = 11...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258528/the-role-of-ultrasound-us-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-mri-in-penile-fracture-mapping-for-modified-surgical-repair
#12
Mohammad Zare Mehrjardi, Mohsen Darabi, Seyed Morteza Bagheri, Koosha Kamali, Bijan Bijan
PURPOSE: To determine the accuracy of ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of penile fracture and preoperative mapping for modified surgical repair. METHODS: Twenty-five consecutive patients were included in the study prospectively over 29 months (from February 2014 to June 2016). US examination and MRI were performed on all patients and interpreted by two expert radiologists independently. The location of the defect in tunica albuginea was mapped onto a designed scheme preoperatively using each imaging modality...
March 3, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254445/new-device-for-intermittent-emptying-of-the-bladder-in-female-children-and-adolescents-a-pilot-study
#13
Salvador V C Lima, Fábio O Vilar, Eugênio S Lustosa, Daniel C C Aragão, Fernanda C F S Calisto, Flávia C M Pinto
INTRODUCTION: Urinary incontinence (UI) is a challenging problem for the urological community. Clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) is the most commonly used method to restore bladder emptying to the state close to the physiological condition. This procedure can cause negative aspects such as pain and possible urethral injury. In addition, there is a negative impact on self-image and decline in quality of patient's life. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a new intraurethral self-retaining device (ISRD), in female children and adolescents, as an attractive alternative to CIC...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229209/cost-effective-management-of-pelvic-fracture-urethral-injuries
#14
Niels V Johnsen, David F Penson, W Stuart Reynolds, Douglas F Milam, Roger R Dmochowski, Melissa R Kaufman
PURPOSE: To compare the cost-effectiveness of various treatment strategies in the management of pelvic fracture urethral injuries using decision analysis. METHODS: Five strategies were modeled from the time of injury to resolution of obstructed voiding or progression to urethroplasty. Management consisted of immediate suprapubic tube (SPT) placement and delayed urethroplasty; primary endoscopic realignment (PER) followed by urethroplasty in failed patients; or PER followed by 1-3 direct vision internal urethrotomies (DVIU), followed by urethroplasty...
February 22, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210838/urinary-ngal-deficiency-in-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections
#15
Catherine S Forster, Kathryn Johnson, Viral Patel, Rebecca Wax, Nancy Rodig, Jonathan Barasch, Richard Bachur, Richard S Lee
INTRODUCTION: Children with recurrent urinary tract infections (rUTI) often show no identifiable cause of their infections. Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is known to be upregulated within the uroepithelium and kidney of patients with UTI and exhibits a localized bacteriostatic effect through iron chelation. We hypothesize that some patients with rUTI without an identifiable cause of their recurrent infections have locally deficient NGAL production. We therefore explored whether a lack of NGAL production may be a factor in the pathogenesis of rUTI...
February 16, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128904/robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-augmentation-ileocystoplasty
#16
Peter A Caputo, Daniel Ramirez, Matthew Maurice, Onder Kara, Ryan Nelson, Ercan Malkoc, Jihad Kaouk
INTRODUCTION: Augmentation ileocystoplasty is a common treatment in adults with low capacity bladders due to neurogenic bladder dysfunction. We describe here our technique for robotic assisted laparoscopic augmentation ileocystoplasty in an adult with a low capacity bladder due to neurogenic bladder dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patient is a 35 years-old man with neurogenic bladder due to a C6 spinal cord injury in 2004. Cystometrogram shows a maximum capacity of 96cc and Pdet at maximum capacity of 97cmH2O...
January 27, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126218/imaging-genitourinary-trauma
#17
REVIEW
Bari Dane, Alexander B Baxter, Mark P Bernstein
Contrast-enhanced multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) has become a critical tool in the evaluation of the trauma patient. MDCT can quickly and accurately assess trauma patients for renal, ureteral, and bladder injuries. Moreover, CT guides clinical management triaging patients to those requiring discharge, observation, angioembolization, and surgery. Recognition of urinary tract trauma on initial scan acquisition should prompt delayed excretory phase imaging to identify urine leaks. Urethral and testicular trauma are imaged with retrograde urethrography and sonography, respectively...
March 2017: Radiologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125311/functional-outcomes-following-immediate-repair-of-penile-fracture-a-tertiary-referral-centre-experience-with-76-consecutive-patients
#18
Francesco De Luca, Giulio Garaffa, Marco Falcone, Amr Raheem, Evangelos Zacharakis, Majed Shabbir, Abdelkareem Aljubran, Asif Muneer, Fiona Holden, Claire Akers, Nim Christopher, David J Ralph
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report surgical and functional outcomes in patients who underwent immediate penile fracture repair following location of the tunical tear with ultrasonography. METHODS: Patients' clinical notes from September 2005 to October 2015 were reviewed. The inclusion criteria were the documented presence of an albugineal laceration at the preoperative ultrasonography and during surgical exploration. In total, 76 patients were enrolled in the study...
January 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124535/does-mri-help-in-the-pre-operative-evaluation-of-pelvic-fracture-urethral-distraction-defect-a-pilot-study
#19
Rajadoss Muthukrishna Pandian, Nirmal Thampi John, Anu Eapen, B Antonisamy, Antony Devasia, Nitin Kekre
OBJECTIVES: To study the usefulness of MRI in preoperative evaluation of PFUDD. Can MRI provide additional information on urethral distraction defect (UDD) and cause of erectile dysfunction (ED)? MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, consecutive male patients presenting with PFUDD were included from Feb 2011 till Dec 2012. Those with traumatic spinal cord injury and pre-existing ED were excluded. Patients were assessed using IIEF questionnaire, retrograde urethrogram and micturating cystourethrogram (RGU+MCU) and MRI pelvis...
January 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123243/to-evaluate-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-the-tvt-secur-procedure-in-the-treatment-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-women
#20
J S Sandhu, S C Karan, G D Maiti, Puja Dudeja
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in the middle-aged Indian women is around 16%. The use of transvaginal tapes (TVTs) has revolutionised the surgical management of SUI. Patients who undergo placement of the tape via the transobturator route often complain of persistent thigh pain at the site of trocar insertion. The use of minimally invasive tapes with a single suburethral incision reduces surgical trauma by eliminating thigh incisions, while maintaining the cure achieved by conventional TVTs...
January 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
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