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Urethral stenosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805298/female-urethral-injuries-associated-with-pelvic-fracture-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#1
REVIEW
Devin N Patel, Cynthia S Fok, George D Webster, Jennifer T Anger
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the literature of female urethral injuries associated with pelvic fracture and determine optimal management of this rare injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using Meta-analysis Of Observational Studies in Epidemiology criteria, we searched Cochrane, Pubmed and OVID databases for all articles available before June 30, 2016 using the terms "female pelvic fracture urethroplasty," "female urethral distraction," "female pelvic fracture urethral injury," "female pelvic fracture urethra girls...
August 14, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801692/-urethral-centralization-and-pseudo-glans-formation-after-partial-penectomy
#2
REVIEW
J Kranz, A Parnham, M Albersen, V Sahdev, M Ziada, R Nigam, A Muneer, J Steffens, P Malone
The management of penile cancer has altered dramatically over the last decade. Confidence to excise lesions safely with smaller margins has led to the adoption of penile-preserving techniques and in turn improved the functional and cosmetic results. Patients undergoing partial penectomy (PP) find that the urethral meatus is located in an abnormal ventral position. In addition, there is a high risk of meatal stenosis. We describe our novel technique that allows the urethral meatus to be centralised after PP and creation of a pseudo-glans and wide meatus and therefore maintain the cosmetic appearance of the penis after split thickness skin grafting...
August 11, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791228/management-of-bladder-neck-stenosis-and-urethral-stricture-and-stenosis-following-treatment-for-prostate-cancer
#3
REVIEW
Helen L Nicholson, Yasser Al-Hakeem, Javier J Maldonado, Vincent Tse
The aim of this review is to examine all urethral strictures and stenoses subsequent to treatment for prostate cancer, including radical prostatectomy (RP), radiotherapy, high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) and cryotherapy. The overall majority respond to endoscopic treatment, including dilatation, direct visual internal urethrotomy (DVIU) or bladder neck incision (BNI). There are adjunct treatments to endoscopic management, including injections of corticosteroids and mitomycin C (MMC) and urethral stents, which remain controversial and are not currently mainstay of treatment...
July 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776126/management-of-urethral-stricture-and-bladder-neck-contracture-following-primary-and-salvage-treatment-of-prostate-cancer
#4
REVIEW
Brendan Michael Browne, Alex J Vanni
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article discusses the incidence, evaluation, and treatment of bladder outlet obstruction from urethral stricture, vesicourethral anastomotic stricture, and bladder neck contracture following primary and salvage treatment of prostate cancer. RECENT FINDINGS: Rates of stenosis after prostate cancer treatment appear similar across all primary treatment modalities including radical prostatectomy, radiation therapy, cryoablation, and high-intensity focused ultrasound in contemporary series...
October 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753858/correlation-between-primary-hypospadias-repair-and-subsequent-urethral-strictures-in-a-series-of-408-adult-patients
#5
Guido Barbagli, Nicola Fossati, Alessandro Larcher, Francesco Montorsi, Salvatore Sansalone, Denis Butnaru, Massimo Lazzeri
BACKGROUND: The correlation between primary hypospadias repair and subsequent urethral strictures in adults has never been addressed. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation between the site of primary hypospadias repair and the site of subsequent strictures and to investigate the predictive factors of failure after urethroplasty. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: An observational, retrospective, descriptive study of adult patients with urethral strictures following hypospadias surgery was carried out in a single centre...
February 21, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735015/preliminary-experience-of-non-transecting-urethroplasty-for-pelvic-fracture-related-urethral-injury
#6
Hong Xie, Chao Li, Yue-Min Xu, Chao Feng, Xiang-Guo Lv, Lei Chen, Hong-Bin Li, Jing-Dong Xue
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the urinary outcomes and preservation of erectile function in patients with pelvic fracture related urethral injury (PFUI) after non-transecting spongiosum anastomotic urethroplasty (NTSAU). METHODS: Fifty-nine male patients with PFUI following traumatic pelvic fracture underwent NTSAU. Inclusion criteria were age 18 to 60 years, posterior urethral stenosis < 2.5 cm without previous urethroplasty, and intact erectile function. Exclusion criteria were previous history of open urethroplasty, long segment posterior urethral stenosis (>2...
July 19, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698753/comparison-of-diagnostic-value-of-sonourethrography-with-retrograde-urethrography-in-diagnosis-of-anterior-urethral-stricture
#7
Reza Shahsavari, Seyed Morteza Bagheri, Hamed Iraji
BACKGROUND: In spite of the advanced imaging methods, MRI and CT-Scan, the role of ultrasonography is still unique in some fields of genitourinary tract diseases. AIM: This study was aimed at assessing this role in the evaluation of male urinary stricture, and comparison with standard retrograde urethrography (SUG). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. The patients include those who were suspected of anterior urethral stricture and were introduced assessed with imaging techniques (RUG)...
June 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694573/two-stages-repair-of-proximal-hypospadias-review-of-700-cases
#8
Arvind Kumar Shukla, Aditya Pratap Singh, Pramila Sharma, Jyotsna Shukla
OBJECTIVE: Surgical repair of hypospadias is challenging and problematic even for the most experienced specialists, and this is especially true when severe and complicated case is confronted. Many operations had been described for the management of this deformity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During the period from May 2004 to December 2015, we performed 700 cases with proximal hypospadias, at our institute in the Department of Pediatric Surgery by a single surgeon. Data were collected retrospectively and included patient's age at operation, degree of the hypospadias, degree of associated chordee, complications, and cosmetic outcome...
July 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679191/a-rare-case-of-male-pelvic-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-unknown-primary-origin-presenting-as-perineal-abscess-and-urethral-stenosis
#9
Massimiliano Creta, Vincenzo Mirone, Sergio Di Meo, Roberto Buonopane, Nicola Longo, Ferdinando Fusco, Nicola Rosario Forte, Vittorio Imperatore
Carcinomas of unknown primary origin (CUP) represent a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Squamous cell CUP located in the male pelvis are very rare. We describe a case of a locally advanced squamous cell CUP occurring in the male pelvis presenting as perineal abscess and urethral stenosis and diagnosed by means of transperineal needle biopsy.
June 30, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674586/-epidemiological-clinical-aspects-and-management-of-urethral-stenosis-in-adult-patients-in-a-district-hospital-in-ngaound%C3%A3-r%C3%A3-cameroon
#10
Ngaroua, Ngah Joseph Eloundou, Yaouba Djibrilla, Ousmane Asmaou, Amvene Jérémie Mbo
INTRODUCTION: The aim was to determine the epidemiological, clinical aspects and the management of these patients in Ngaoundere Protestant Hospital (HPN). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of complete medical records of patients hospitalized for urethral stenosis in the Department of Urology at the Protestant Hospital of Ngaoundéré over a one-year period (January 2013 to January 2014). RESULTS: Out of 69 registered medical records, a total of 57 patients files (all male) were identified for review...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670672/anterior-urethral-advancement-as-a-single-stage-technique-for-repair-of-anterior-hypospadias-our-experience
#11
Venkat A Gite, Jayant V Nikose, Sachin M Bote, Saurabh R Patil
PURPOSE: Many techniques have been described to correct anterior hypospadias with variable results. Anterior urethral advancement as one stage technique was first described by Ti Chang Shing in 1984. It was also used for the repair of strictures and urethrocutaneous fistulae involving distal urethra. We report our experience of using this technique with some modification for the repair of anterior hypospadias. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the period between 2013-2015, 20 cases with anterior hypospadias including 2 cases of glanular, 3 cases of coronal, 12 cases of subcoronal and 3 cases of distal penile hypospadias were treated with anterior urethral advancement technique...
July 2, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625592/a-critical-analysis-of-stented-and-unstented-tubularized-incised-plate-urethroplasty-through-a-prospective-randomized-study-and-assessment-of-factors-influencing-the-functional-and-cosmetic-outcomes
#12
Tarek M El-Karamany, Ahmed M Al-Adl, Rabea G Omar, Ashraf M Abdel Aal, Amr S Eldakhakhny, Shabieb A Abdelbaki
OBJECTIVE: To compare, functionally and aesthetically, stented and unstented tubularized incised plate urethroplasty (TIPU). In addition, predictors of repair success were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred ten children with distal hypospadias were included in this study. The length and width of the urethral plate (UP) and transverse glans diameter (TGD) were measured. Patients were randomized into two groups: stented and unstented TIPU. Postoperative assessment of pain was done using Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, Consolability (FLACC) scale, and cosmetic outcome was evaluated using hypospadias objective scoring evaluation...
June 15, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623142/complication-of-newborn-circumcision-meatal-stenosis-or-meatal-web
#13
Mehmet Ali Özen, Gökhan Gündoğdu, Mehmet Taşdemir, Egemen Eroğlu
INTRODUCTION: Meatal stenosis (MS) is a known complication of newborn circumcision. Symptoms are usually masked in young kids with a diaper. Deflation of urinary stream, dysuria, urinary frequency, and incontinence are the most common reported symptoms. Diagnosis of MS is still controversial. A narrow pinpoint urethral meatus is the current accepted diagnostic criteria. OBJECTIVE: In our practice, we observed that our cases do not overlap to the classic definition and presentation of MS...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621639/outcome-of-the-double-j-stent-placement-in-pediatric-kidney-transplant-a-single-center-experience
#14
Hakan Sözen, Onur Özen, Kibriya Fidan, Oğuz Söylemezoğlu, Aydın Dalgıç
OBJECTIVES: Double J stent placement at kidney transplant may reduce stenosis or leakage complication rates. However, placement may also increase risk for early urinary tract infection (ie, < 3 mo after transplant). In children, the usefulness of double J stent placement is not well defined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed retrospective data from children who received transplants at the Gazi University Transplantation Center and Pediatric Nephrology (Ankara, Turkey) for outcomes related to double J stents...
June 16, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606774/primary-realignment-for-pelvic-fracture-urethral-injury-is-associated-with-prolonged-time-to-urethroplasty-and-increased-stenosis-complexity
#15
Akio Horiguchi, Masayuki Shinchi, Ayako Masunaga, Kazuki Okubo, Kazuki Kawamura, Kenichiro Ojima, Keiichi Ito, Tomohiko Asano, Ryuichi Azuma
OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical courses of patients with pelvic fracture urethral injury (PFUI) according to initial management strategy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed the clinical courses of 63 patients with PFUI who were initially treated elsewhere and underwent delayed anastomotic urethroplasty by a single surgeon between 2008 and 2015. Patients were grouped according to their initial treatment: by suprapubic tube placement alone (49 patients, SPT group) or primary realignment (14 patients, PR group)...
June 9, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559775/post-prostatectomy-vesicourethral-stenosis-or-bladder-neck-contracture-with-concomitant-urinary-incontinence-our-experience-and-recommendations
#16
Shieh L Bang, Sachin Yallappa, Fatima Dalal, Yahia Z Almallah
OBJECTIVES: To present our experience in the management of bladder neck contracture with concomitant post prostatectomy incontinence and to provide our recommendations based on the updated literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between Jan 2010 and June 2015, 37 patients from our cohort of 341 patients with post prostatectomy incontinence were evaluated. Patient data were retrospectively collected. Patients with bladder neck contracture confirmed on flexible cystoscopy underwent subsequent rigid cystoscopy and deep endoscopic bladder neck incision (BNI)...
April 2017: Current Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501419/brachytherapy-for-conservative-treatment-of-invasive-penile-carcinoma-prognostic-factors-and-long-term-analysis-of-outcome
#17
Alexandre Escande, Christine Haie-Meder, Renaud Mazeron, Pierre Maroun, Andrea Cavalcanti, Renaud de Crevoisier, Antoine Schernberg, Fanny Marsolat, Pierre Blanchard, Florent Martinetti, Alberto Bossi, Isabelle Dumas, Eric Deutsch, Cyrus Chargari
PURPOSE: To report the largest experience with brachytherapy as a conservative approach for the treatment of penile carcinoma. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We examined the outcomes of 201 patients treated at our institution over 45 years for invasive squamous cell carcinoma of the glans penis by brachytherapy. RESULTS: With a median follow-up of 10.7 years, local relapse as first failure was reported in 37 patients (18.9%), and 24 of 31 patients (77...
February 28, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466251/establishment-of-the-u-l-t-r-a-measurement-rating-system-for-anterior-urethral-stricture
#18
Lei Chen, Rui Hou, Chao Feng, Xinru Zhang, Diancheng Li, Jie Chen, Bing Hu
PURPOSE: Anterior urethral stricture treatments are various, and comprehensive consideration should be given in selecting individualized treatment programs, which must be combined with the patient's stricture, length, complexity, and other factors. At present, there is no standard for the clinical description of the anterior urethral stricture for the selection of the characteristic index, and most of the indicators are qualitative information. In order to achieve consistent decisions and effective comparisons, it is imperative to establish a standardized description system...
July 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442811/vulvo-vaginal-ano-gingival-syndrome-another-variant-of-mucosal-lichen-planus
#19
Nidhi Sharma, S K Malhotra, Madhu Kuthial, K S Chahal
Vulvo-vagino-gingival syndrome was described as a distinctive pattern of erosive plurimucosal lichen planus (LP), and it is a clinical triad of vulval, vaginal, and gingival LP. It can lead to sequelae such as vaginal and urethral stenosis which can have severe implications on the quality of life. We report a case of a 40-year-old female who developed urethral, vaginal, as well as anal stenosis as a result of long-term exclusive mucosal LP involving vulvo-vaginal and anal mucosa along with oral LP without any other cutaneous involvement...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434634/hypospadias-surgery-in-england-higher-volume-centres-have-lower-complication-rates
#20
David J Wilkinson, Patrick A Green, Shanthi Beglinger, Jessica Myers, Rachel Hudson, David Edgar, Simon E Kenny
INTRODUCTION: Hypospadias surgery has progressed steadily over recent years. There remains considerable variation in the operative management of boys with hypospadias in the UK, and it is therefore difficult to identify acceptable standards with regards to reoperation rates. OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of reoperations and complications from all centres performing hypospadias surgery in England and to identify variables that influence outcome. METHODS: All children undergoing NHS hypospadias surgery in England between 1999 and 2009 were identified using the Hospital Episode Statistics database...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
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