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Postoperation analgesia

K Deng, S J Xu, Y F Qian, G D Chen, X Z Yuan, X Y Zhou, M Yao
Objective: To investigate the application of ultrasound-guided continuous serratus plane block with patient-controlled analgesia on postoperation analgesia after thoracoscopic surgery, and influence on postoperative rehabilitation. Methods: Sixty patients scheduled for thoracoscopic surgery were randomly divided into two groups. PCNA group ( n =30) received ultrasound guided continuous serratus plane block with patient-controlled nerve analgesia, with continuous infusion of 0.2% ropivacaine and 30 ml of 0.3% ropivacaine for the first does...
February 27, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Q B Lou, K Nan, F F Xiang, X Z Chen, W S Zhu, X T Zhang, J Li
Objective: To investigate the effects of multi-day low dose ketamine infusion for postmastectomy pain syndrome (PMPS) after breast cancer surgery. Methods: This study was a prospective randomized controlled trial. From June 2015 to May 2016 in Affiliated Yiwu Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, 66 patients with breast cancer surgery were randomly divided into control group (group C) and ketamine group (group K). Patients in group K were infused with 0.5 mg/kg of ketamine mixed in 250 ml of 0.9% normal saline in 1 h daily for 7 days...
December 12, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Fanglun Zhou, Yingxun Du, Weichun Huang, Junbiao Shan, Guohong Xu
This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of celecoxib 24 hours preoperative, 1 hour preoperative, and 4 hours postoperative administration in patients with arthroscopic knee surgery (AKS).In all, 206 patients who underwent AKS were consecutively recruited and randomized into 3 groups: (1) early preoperative analgesia group (EPEA), celecoxib 400 mg 24 hours preoperative administration; (2) preoperative analgesia group (PEA), celecoxib 400 mg 1 hour preoperative administration; (3) postoperative analgesia group (POA), celecoxib 400 mg 4 hours postoperative administration...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ahmad M Abd El-Rahman, Ashraf A Mohamed, Sahar A Mohamed, Mohamed A M Mostafa
Objective: Effective postoperative pain control reduces postoperative morbidity. In this study, we investigated the effects of intrathecal morphine, ketamine, and their combination with bupivacaine for postoperative analgesia in major abdominal cancer surgery. Study Design: Prospective, randomized, double-blind. Setting: Academic medical center. Patients and Methods: Ninety ASA I-III patients age 30 to 50 years were divided randomly into three groups: the morphine group (group M) received 10 mg of hyperbaric bupivacaine 0...
March 1, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Banghyun Lee, Kidong Kim, Soyeon Ahn, Hyun-Jung Shin, Dong Hoon Suh, Jae Hong No, Yong Beom Kim
PURPOSE: Major open surgery for gynecologic cancer usually involves a long midline skin incision and induces severe postoperative surgical site pain (POSP) that may not be effectively controlled with the conventional management. We investigated whether combining a continuous wound infiltration system (CWIS, ON-Q PainBuster®) and intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV PCA) effectively decreases POSP, compared with IV PCA alone, in gynecologic oncology patients. METHODS: This retrospective study included 62 Korean patients who received a long midline skin incision during gynecologic cancer surgery...
May 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Y Deng, T L Jiang, X X Yang, M Li, J Wang, X Y Guo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of early rehabilitation training after total knee arthroplasty surgery by continuous femoral nerve block (CFNB) with or without periarticular local infiltration analgesia (PLIA). METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind, controlled study, 100 patients under-going primary unilateral total knee arthroplasty in patients with knee osteoarthritis were enrolled. All the patients received CFNB for postoperative analgesia before combined spinal epidural anesthesia...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Ru-Sen Zhu, Yi-Ming Ren, Jian-Jun Yuan, Zi-Jian Cui, Jun Wan, Bao-You Fan, Wei Lin, Xian-Hu Zhou, Xue-Li Zhang
Lumbar disc herniation (LDH) is a common disease and lumbar discectomy is the most common surgical procedure carried out for patients with low back pain and leg symptoms. Although most researchers are focusing on the surgical techniques during operation, the aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of local intervertebral lavage during microdiscectomy.In this retrospective study, 410 patients were operated on by microdiscectomy for LDH during 2011 to 2014. Retrospectively, 213 of them (group A) accepted local intervertebral irrigation with saline water before wound closure and 197 patients (group B) only had their operative field irrigated with saline water...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yang-Zi Zhu, Rui Yao, Zhe Zhang, Hui Xu, Li-Wei Wang
BACKGROUND: Trial design neuroinflammation and postoperative pain after surgery are increasingly reported in association with postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD). Parecoxib, a selective cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitor, is used for postoperative analgesia for its potent anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. This study aimed to evaluate parecoxib's effects on POCD in elderly patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: Around 134 elderly patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty were randomly divided into parecoxib (group P) and control (group C) groups, and treated with parecoxib sodium and saline, respectively, shortly after induction of general anesthesia and 12-h postsurgery, respectively...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ebru Gelici Oral, Ayse Hanci, Gulcihan Ulufer Sivrikaya, Hale Dobrucali, Leyla Turkoglu Kilinc
BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic knee surgery is commonly performed as an outpatient procedure and is often associated with postoperative pain. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to compare the effects of intra-articular levobupivacaine-tenoxicam-tramadol and levobupivacaine-tenoxicam-morphine combinations on postoperative pain in patients undergoing elective arthroscopic knee surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 90 ASA I-II patients undergoing elective arthroscopic meniscectomy under general anesthesia were enrolled...
June 2015: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Min Zhu, Haiyun Wang, Ai Zhu, Kaijun Niu, Guolin Wang
The objective of this article is to evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine on emergence agitation (EA) and recovery profiles in children after sevoflurane anesthesia and its pharmacological mechanisms. Standard bibliographic databases, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFP, Springer and ISI Web of Knowledge, were artificially searched to identify all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the impact of dexmedetomidine with placebo, fentanyl and midazolam on EA and recovery profiles after sevoflurane anesthesia in post-anesthesia care unit (PACU)...
2015: PloS One
Alexander Schnabel, Sylvia U Reichl, Christine Meyer-Frießem, Peter K Zahn, Esther Pogatzki-Zahn
BACKGROUND: According to current recommendations a multimodal approach is believed to be the gold standard for postoperative pain treatment in children. However, several surveys in the last few years demonstrated that postoperative pain in children is still a serious problem, mainly because opioids are avoided. One of the reasons for this is the fear of severe adverse events following opioid administration. Tramadol is a weak mu-opioid agonist and inhibits reuptake of noradrenaline and serotonin (5HT)...
March 18, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Weiqing Zhang, Zhengzuo Wan, Rong Zhou, Ke Xu, Ping Xiao, Zhipeng Liang, Yanan Li, Shuai Ding, Lifeng Wang, Kai Lu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of continuous paravertebral nerve block after nephrectomy. METHODS: 60 cases receiving simple nephrectomy,American Society of Anesthesiologists(ASA) grading status I or II, aged from 30 to 65 years, weighing from 45 to 80 kg, male or female, were randomly divided into 2 groups: control group (CEA group ) and continuous paravertebral nerve block group (PVB group ), 30 patients in each one. Both groups were performed with 0.2% ropivacaine 250 ml in continuous infusion, assisted with intravenous morphine patient-controlled analgesia...
June 17, 2014: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
B He, L Mou, K Sharpe, R Swaminathan, J Hamdorf, L Delriviere
The aim of this study is to develop a novel laparoscopic surgery by extra-peritoneal approach for kidney transplant and pave the way of safe transition from laboratory to the clinic. The study was established to explore the feasibility and safety of human laparoscopic kidney transplant. The experiment was first conducted on the deceased animals, then live animals and human cavader before human kidney transplant was approved. The study patient was a 49-year-old male who received the kidney for laparoscopic kidney transplant by extra-peritoneal approach...
August 2014: American Journal of Transplantation
Ee-Yuee Chan, Yee-Hong Teo, Pryseley N Assam, Marlene Fransen
OBJECTIVE: To determine if functional discharge readiness and mobility following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for osteoarthritis is delayed after femoral nerve block (FNB) with or without patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) opioid compared with PCA opioid alone. METHODS: We analyzed secondary outcomes from a randomized controlled trial with 200 patients undergoing unilateral TKA. Experimental group 1 received single-injection FNB with intravenous PCA opioid, experimental group 2 received continuous FNB, and the control group received PCA opioid alone...
November 2014: Arthritis Care & Research
So Young Yang, Hyun Kang, Geun Joo Choi, Hwa Yong Shin, Chong Wha Baek, Yong Hun Jung, Yoo Shin Choi
OBJECTIVES: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial evaluated intraperitoneal (IP) lidocaine administration and intravenous (IV) lidocaine infusion for postoperative pain control after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). METHODS: Patients who underwent LC were randomized to either group IV (intravenous lidocaine infusion), group IP (intraperitoneal lidocaine administration), or group C (control, IP and IV saline). Outcome measures were total postoperative pain severity (TPPS), total fentanyl consumption (TFC), frequency of administering patient-controlled analgesia (FPB), and a pain control satisfaction score (PCSS)...
April 2014: Journal of International Medical Research
Khosrou Naghibi, Hamid Saryazdi, Parviz Kashefi, Farnaz Rohani
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the postoperative pain scores and morphine requirements between spinal anesthesia (SA) with hyperbaric bupivacaine 0.5% and general anesthesia (GA) with 1 Minimal alveolar concentration minimal alveolar concentration (MAC) of isoflurane in 50% N2O and O2 after elective lower abdominal surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized clinical trial, 68 patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) I or II undergoing lower abdominal surgery were randomly assigned to have elective lower abdominal surgery under SA (n = 34) or GA (n = 34)...
July 2013: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Xi-Bo Zhao, Qun-Zhi Xing, Xue-Chang Han
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effectiveness and safety of electroacupuncture (EA) at Neimadian (Extra) and Neiguan (PC 6) for analgesia after thoracic surgery. METHODS: One hundred and twenty cases of thoracic surgery were randomly divided into an electroacupuncture (EA) group (60 cases) and a medication group (60 cases). EA was applied at Neimadian (Extra) and Neiguan (PC 6) for postoperation analgesia in the EA group, while patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) was applied in the medication group...
September 2013: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Jing-zhu Li, Xiao-zheng Li, Xiao-min Wang, Ming-shan Wang, Hai-fang Yu, Fei Shi, Dan Miao, Yan-lin Bi
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of parecoxib sodium analgesia on serum concentrations of neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and S-100β and postoperative cognitive function of elderly patients undergoing acute replacement of femoral head. METHODS: After the approval of institutional review board and the provision of informed consent, 80 patients over 70 years old, undergoing acute replacement of femoral head under combined spinal and epidural anesthesia and midazolam sedation at Qingdao Municipal Hospital and Qingdao Hiser Medical Center from January 2011 to May 2012, were randomly assigned into control group (group C, n = 40) and parecoxib group (group P, n = 40)...
July 16, 2013: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Xuezheng Zhang, Ying Zhou, Limei Chen, Quanguang Wang, Jianwu Ni, Le Liu, Chenggang Hu, Xuzhong Xu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effects of anesthesia and postoperative analgesia for patients with unilateral lower-extremity fracture between multiple injections through catheters beside the lumbar plexus or sciatic nerve and continuous epidural analgesia. METHODS: Seventy patients with unilateral lower-extremity fracture scheduled for internal fixation were randomly divided into group N (n = 35) and group E (n = 35). Patients in group N received combined lumbar plexus and sciatic nerve block, then a catheter was inserted into the psoas compartment or beside the sciatic nerve, according to the surgical site, and 25 mL 0...
2013: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Wen-Ting Chen, Guo-Qiang Fu, Wei-Dong Shen
A large number of clinical trials and animal experiments have been carried out to focus on neurochemical mechanisms of acupuncture analgesia including postoperation pain relief, which may provide guidance for developing a novel clinical approach for postoperative analgesia. In the present paper, the authors review new progresses of researches on acupuncture analgesia for postoperative pain and side effects in the past few years from thyroidectomy, chest surgery, abdominal surgery, five sense organs (ear, nose, eye and throat) surgery, and others...
February 2013: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
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