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Postoperation analgesia

Ru-Sen Zhu, Yi-Ming Ren, Jian-Jun Yuan, Zi-Jian Cui, Jun Wan, Bao-You Fan, Wei Lin, Xian-Hu Zhou, Xue-Li Zhang
Lumbar disc herniation (LDH) is a common disease and lumbar discectomy is the most common surgical procedure carried out for patients with low back pain and leg symptoms. Although most researchers are focusing on the surgical techniques during operation, the aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of local intervertebral lavage during microdiscectomy.In this retrospective study, 410 patients were operated on by microdiscectomy for LDH during 2011 to 2014. Retrospectively, 213 of them (group A) accepted local intervertebral irrigation with saline water before wound closure and 197 patients (group B) only had their operative field irrigated with saline water...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yang-Zi Zhu, Rui Yao, Zhe Zhang, Hui Xu, Li-Wei Wang
BACKGROUND: Trial design neuroinflammation and postoperative pain after surgery are increasingly reported in association with postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD). Parecoxib, a selective cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitor, is used for postoperative analgesia for its potent anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. This study aimed to evaluate parecoxib's effects on POCD in elderly patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: Around 134 elderly patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty were randomly divided into parecoxib (group P) and control (group C) groups, and treated with parecoxib sodium and saline, respectively, shortly after induction of general anesthesia and 12-h postsurgery, respectively...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ebru Gelici Oral, Ayse Hanci, Gulcihan Ulufer Sivrikaya, Hale Dobrucali, Leyla Turkoglu Kilinc
BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic knee surgery is commonly performed as an outpatient procedure and is often associated with postoperative pain. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to compare the effects of intra-articular levobupivacaine-tenoxicam-tramadol and levobupivacaine-tenoxicam-morphine combinations on postoperative pain in patients undergoing elective arthroscopic knee surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 90 ASA I-II patients undergoing elective arthroscopic meniscectomy under general anesthesia were enrolled...
June 2015: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Min Zhu, Haiyun Wang, Ai Zhu, Kaijun Niu, Guolin Wang
The objective of this article is to evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine on emergence agitation (EA) and recovery profiles in children after sevoflurane anesthesia and its pharmacological mechanisms. Standard bibliographic databases, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFP, Springer and ISI Web of Knowledge, were artificially searched to identify all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the impact of dexmedetomidine with placebo, fentanyl and midazolam on EA and recovery profiles after sevoflurane anesthesia in post-anesthesia care unit (PACU)...
2015: PloS One
Alexander Schnabel, Sylvia U Reichl, Christine Meyer-Frießem, Peter K Zahn, Esther Pogatzki-Zahn
BACKGROUND: According to current recommendations a multimodal approach is believed to be the gold standard for postoperative pain treatment in children. However, several surveys in the last few years demonstrated that postoperative pain in children is still a serious problem, mainly because opioids are avoided. One of the reasons for this is the fear of severe adverse events following opioid administration. Tramadol is a weak mu-opioid agonist and inhibits reuptake of noradrenaline and serotonin (5HT)...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Weiqing Zhang, Zhengzuo Wan, Rong Zhou, Ke Xu, Ping Xiao, Zhipeng Liang, Yanan Li, Shuai Ding, Lifeng Wang, Kai Lu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of continuous paravertebral nerve block after nephrectomy. METHODS: 60 cases receiving simple nephrectomy,American Society of Anesthesiologists(ASA) grading status I or II, aged from 30 to 65 years, weighing from 45 to 80 kg, male or female, were randomly divided into 2 groups: control group (CEA group ) and continuous paravertebral nerve block group (PVB group ), 30 patients in each one. Both groups were performed with 0.2% ropivacaine 250 ml in continuous infusion, assisted with intravenous morphine patient-controlled analgesia...
June 17, 2014: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
B He, L Mou, K Sharpe, R Swaminathan, J Hamdorf, L Delriviere
The aim of this study is to develop a novel laparoscopic surgery by extra-peritoneal approach for kidney transplant and pave the way of safe transition from laboratory to the clinic. The study was established to explore the feasibility and safety of human laparoscopic kidney transplant. The experiment was first conducted on the deceased animals, then live animals and human cavader before human kidney transplant was approved. The study patient was a 49-year-old male who received the kidney for laparoscopic kidney transplant by extra-peritoneal approach...
August 2014: American Journal of Transplantation
Ee-Yuee Chan, Yee-Hong Teo, Pryseley N Assam, Marlene Fransen
OBJECTIVE: To determine if functional discharge readiness and mobility following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for osteoarthritis is delayed after femoral nerve block (FNB) with or without patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) opioid compared with PCA opioid alone. METHODS: We analyzed secondary outcomes from a randomized controlled trial with 200 patients undergoing unilateral TKA. Experimental group 1 received single-injection FNB with intravenous PCA opioid, experimental group 2 received continuous FNB, and the control group received PCA opioid alone...
November 2014: Arthritis Care & Research
So Young Yang, Hyun Kang, Geun Joo Choi, Hwa Yong Shin, Chong Wha Baek, Yong Hun Jung, Yoo Shin Choi
OBJECTIVES: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial evaluated intraperitoneal (IP) lidocaine administration and intravenous (IV) lidocaine infusion for postoperative pain control after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). METHODS: Patients who underwent LC were randomized to either group IV (intravenous lidocaine infusion), group IP (intraperitoneal lidocaine administration), or group C (control, IP and IV saline). Outcome measures were total postoperative pain severity (TPPS), total fentanyl consumption (TFC), frequency of administering patient-controlled analgesia (FPB), and a pain control satisfaction score (PCSS)...
April 2014: Journal of International Medical Research
Khosrou Naghibi, Hamid Saryazdi, Parviz Kashefi, Farnaz Rohani
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the postoperative pain scores and morphine requirements between spinal anesthesia (SA) with hyperbaric bupivacaine 0.5% and general anesthesia (GA) with 1 Minimal alveolar concentration minimal alveolar concentration (MAC) of isoflurane in 50% N2O and O2 after elective lower abdominal surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized clinical trial, 68 patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) I or II undergoing lower abdominal surgery were randomly assigned to have elective lower abdominal surgery under SA (n = 34) or GA (n = 34)...
July 2013: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Xi-Bo Zhao, Qun-Zhi Xing, Xue-Chang Han
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effectiveness and safety of electroacupuncture (EA) at Neimadian (Extra) and Neiguan (PC 6) for analgesia after thoracic surgery. METHODS: One hundred and twenty cases of thoracic surgery were randomly divided into an electroacupuncture (EA) group (60 cases) and a medication group (60 cases). EA was applied at Neimadian (Extra) and Neiguan (PC 6) for postoperation analgesia in the EA group, while patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) was applied in the medication group...
September 2013: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Jing-zhu Li, Xiao-zheng Li, Xiao-min Wang, Ming-shan Wang, Hai-fang Yu, Fei Shi, Dan Miao, Yan-lin Bi
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of parecoxib sodium analgesia on serum concentrations of neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and S-100β and postoperative cognitive function of elderly patients undergoing acute replacement of femoral head. METHODS: After the approval of institutional review board and the provision of informed consent, 80 patients over 70 years old, undergoing acute replacement of femoral head under combined spinal and epidural anesthesia and midazolam sedation at Qingdao Municipal Hospital and Qingdao Hiser Medical Center from January 2011 to May 2012, were randomly assigned into control group (group C, n = 40) and parecoxib group (group P, n = 40)...
July 16, 2013: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Xuezheng Zhang, Ying Zhou, Limei Chen, Quanguang Wang, Jianwu Ni, Le Liu, Chenggang Hu, Xuzhong Xu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effects of anesthesia and postoperative analgesia for patients with unilateral lower-extremity fracture between multiple injections through catheters beside the lumbar plexus or sciatic nerve and continuous epidural analgesia. METHODS: Seventy patients with unilateral lower-extremity fracture scheduled for internal fixation were randomly divided into group N (n = 35) and group E (n = 35). Patients in group N received combined lumbar plexus and sciatic nerve block, then a catheter was inserted into the psoas compartment or beside the sciatic nerve, according to the surgical site, and 25 mL 0...
2013: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Wen-Ting Chen, Guo-Qiang Fu, Wei-Dong Shen
A large number of clinical trials and animal experiments have been carried out to focus on neurochemical mechanisms of acupuncture analgesia including postoperation pain relief, which may provide guidance for developing a novel clinical approach for postoperative analgesia. In the present paper, the authors review new progresses of researches on acupuncture analgesia for postoperative pain and side effects in the past few years from thyroidectomy, chest surgery, abdominal surgery, five sense organs (ear, nose, eye and throat) surgery, and others...
February 2013: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Y Bao, J Fang, L Peng, Y Yi, K Liu, W Li, H Luo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether preincisional parecoxib administration can reduce postoperative pain and modulate the inflammatory cytokine response to a greater extent than preincisional parecoxib administration in total hip replacement patients. METHODS: Patients were randomized to receive 40 mg parecoxib intravenously either before or after skin incision (preincisional and postincisional groups, respectively). Morphine was administered for postoperative analgesia...
2012: Journal of International Medical Research
Jing-zhu Li, Xiao-zheng Li, Ming-shan Wang, Jie-ping Li, Fei Shi, Hai-fang Yu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of transcutaneous electrical stimulation of auricular Shenmen point on postoperative nausea and vomiting and patient-controlled epidural analgesia in cesarean section. METHODS: After IRB approval and informed consent, one hundred and eighty singleton primiparas undergoing elective cesarean section, in Qingdao Municipal Hospital, and Qingdao Hiser Medical Center, from November 2011 to March 2012, were randomly assigned to three groups: transcutaneous electrical stimulation of auricular Shenmen point group (group A, n = 60), transcutaneous electrical stimulation of auricular Eye point group (group B, n = 60) and control group (group C, n = 60)...
July 17, 2012: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Wen-Chao Fan, Wen Ma, Chuang Zhao, Qiu-Yu Tong, Wei-Dong Shen
OBJECTIVE: To explore different frequency electroacupuncture in acupuncture-drug compound anesthesia on analgesic effect and immune function in the pulmonary resection patients in order to recommend the best electroacupuncture frequency in acupuncture-drug compound anesthesia. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-three patients scheduled for pneumonectomy were randomly divided into group A (n = 31), B (n = 34), C (n = 32), D (n = 34) and E (n = 32). Houxi (SI 3), Zhigou (TE 6), Neiguan (PC 6) and Hegu (LI 4) were selected in the five groups...
August 2012: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Xiaolin Huang, Yu Xu, Yan Mei, Xinyu Wu, Wenshang Yu, Benyuan Pi, Lin Zhou, Wei Li, Chen Li
OBJECTIVE: To observe postoperative analgesia and preemptive analgesia of Tramadol hydrochloride sustained release tablets for nasal endoscopic operation. METHOD: A total of 188 patients undergoing nasal endoscopic operation were randomized into the experimental group and control group, with 94 patients in each group. Each patient in experimental group was gaved on Tramadol hydrochloride sustained release tablets at 12h, 24h, 48h, postoperation and before the cleaning up procession respectively, the control group was not administered...
November 2011: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Nai-Liang Li, Ben-Long Yu, Shiang-Chung Tseng, Che-Chang Hsu, Wei-Ju Lai, Pei-Fang Hsieh, Wen-Ling Peng, Chii-Ming Chen
OBJECTIVES: Paravertebral block (PVB) has the potential to reduce postoperative pain after breast surgery. The aim of the study was to investigate whether PVB performed immediately before surgery could affect the postoperative morbidities in terms of pain and emesis, and improve the quality of recovery (QoR) in patients after surgery for breast cancer. METHODS: Postoperative data were collected prospectively from two groups of patients undergoing unilateral breast surgery during the study period of 1 month...
September 2011: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
Liu-Xin Ding, Qun-Zhi Xing, Jun-Jun Sun, Yu Li
OBJECTIVE: To observe the analgesia effectiveness and safety of electroacupuncture at Neimadian(Extra) for postoperation of abdominal surgery. METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients with routine abdominal surgery were randomly divided into an acupuncture group and a medication group, 60 cases in each group. The acupuncture group was treated with electroacupuncture at Neimadian(Extra), which was located on the inside of lower leg, 7 cun above the internal malleolus and 0...
August 2011: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
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