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Medical supply industry

Anna J Simon, Andrew D Ellington
Synthetically engineered organisms hold promise for a broad range of medical, environmental, and industrial applications. Organisms can potentially be designed, for example, for the inexpensive and environmentally benign synthesis of pharmaceuticals and industrial chemicals, for the cleanup of environmental pollutants, and potentially even for biomedical applications such as the targeting of specific diseases or tissues. However, the use of synthetically engineered organisms comes with several reasonable safety concerns, one of which is that the organisms or their genes could escape their intended habitats and cause environmental disruption...
2016: F1000Research
Kaori Nomura, Yuki Kitagawa, Yasukatsu Yuda, Hiromi Takano-Ohmuro
OBJECTIVES: Japan has actively reclassified substances ranging from prescription drugs to over-the-counter (OTC) drugs in recent years. The sale of most OTC drugs was deregulated several times and pharmacists' supervision was deemed no longer mandatory. Japan established a new OTC evaluation system in 2015 to hear opinions from various stakeholders regarding medicine types to be reclassified. This study aimed to examine the new framework to identify candidate substances for reclassification...
2016: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
Loren Israelsen, Frank Lampe
The use of safe and beneficial dietary supplements remains an important part of your patients' healthy lifestyle-and supplements are likely an important part of your integrative medicine practice. Although issues surrounding potency, ingredient identification, adulteration, and the enforcement of existing laws are legitimate concerns for medical professionals and consumers, the responsible industry is actively working to raise quality standards for its products through a number of self-regulatory measures. These include education about and adoption of additional quality assurance initiatives, such as GMPs for botanical ingredients; better supply-chain management; adoption of improved identification and testing methodologies; an industry-wide product registry; the use of accredited third-party certifications and seals; and initiatives to promote widespread membership in the industry's trade associations, which is a reliable indicator of a company's support of and adherence to strict quality guidelines...
June 2016: Integrative Medicine
Daniel Catalán-Matamoros, Nuria González-Ochando, Henar Pecharroman-Arribas, Ana Fernández-Muelas, Stella Sandra Bentolila-Benchimol, Manuel IbarraLorente
The illicit trafficking of medicines over the Internet is a growing problem that affects public health. Since 2013, the Spanish Agency of Medicines and Medical Devices (AEMPS) participates in the European project Fakeshare, co-funded by the European Commission and coordinated by the Italian Medicines Agency (Agenzia Italiana del Farmaco, AIFA). This project aims to coordinate initiatives against the illegal supply of medicines, including from purchases through websites engaged in illegal activity, to thefts and other diversions of medicines to the illicit trafficking...
2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
Quinn Grundy
The emphasis on "value" within healthcare institutions has achieved unprecedented priority, particularly around the purchase of medical products and equipment. Health systems and institutions are implementing formal decision-making processes involving clinicians and supply chain professionals to rationalize purchasing and promote cost-effective investment. One particular form of this process is the "Value Analysis" process. Drawing from fieldwork (100 h), interviews (n = 51) and focus groups (n = 4) conducted from January 2012 to October 2014 at 4 acute care hospitals in the western United States, I analyze the ways that committee members constructed and evaluated a case for a product's value...
September 2016: Social Science & Medicine
(no author information available yet)
Prescrire examined the packaging quality of 240 drugs in 2015. No new advances were identified, but drug packaging continues to expose patients to a variety of dangers. Some past advances persist: for example, INNs are often more legible, and recent patient leaflets tend to be clearer and more informative. But these measures are not applied to all drugs, and are rarely applied retroactively to older drugs. The overall picture in 2015 is that many drugs are difficult to identify, risky or downright dangerous to prepare, or supplied with patient leaflets that fail to correctly inform patients about their medication...
June 2016: Prescrire International
Jean Spinks, John Jackson, Carl M Kirkpatrick, Amanda J Wheeler
Pharmacy workforce planning has been relatively static for many decades. However, like all industries, health care is exposed to potentially disruptive technological changes. Automated dispensing systems have been available to pharmacy for over a decade and have been applied to a range of repetitive technical processes which are at risk of error, including record keeping, item selection, labeling and dose packing. To date, most applications of this technology have been at the local level, such as hospital pharmacies or single-site community pharmacies...
May 14, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Matthew J Eckelman, Jodi Sherman
The U.S. health care sector is highly interconnected with industrial activities that emit much of the nation's pollution to air, water, and soils. We estimate emissions directly and indirectly attributable to the health care sector, and potential harmful effects on public health. Negative environmental and public health outcomes were estimated through economic input-output life cycle assessment (EIOLCA) modeling using National Health Expenditures (NHE) for the decade 2003-2013 and compared to national totals...
2016: PloS One
Elisa B Kepner, Rachel Spencer
Determining staff and space requirements for military medical centers can be challenging. Changing patient populations change the caseload requirements. Deployment and assignment rotations change the experience and education of clinicians and support staff, thereby changing the caseload capacity of a facility. During wartime, planning becomes increasingly more complex. What will the patient mix and caseload volume be by location? What type of clinicians will be available and when? How many beds are needed at each facility to meet caseload demand and match clinician supply? As soon as these factors are known, operations are likely to change and planning factors quickly become inaccurate...
April 2016: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
Tingxi Wen, Zhongnan Zhang, Kelvin K L Wong
Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) has been widely used in many industries. In the medical environment, especially in some emergency situations, UAVs play an important role such as the supply of medicines and blood with speed and efficiency. In this paper, we study the problem of multi-objective blood supply by UAVs in such emergency situations. This is a complex problem that includes maintenance of the supply blood's temperature model during transportation, the UAVs' scheduling and routes' planning in case of multiple sites requesting blood, and limited carrying capacity...
2016: PloS One
Daisuke Suzuki, Koji Eto
Platelet transfusion is indispensable for current medical treatments of hematological disorders. However, alternative platelet sources are urgently needed due to the inadequate donor blood supply, particularly of HLA/HPA-matched platelets. The advent of 'iPS cell (iPSC) technology' was considered in light of this problem, which yielded the idea of iPSC-derived platelet production. The safety of iPSC-derived cell therapy is critical, but platelets can be gamma-irradiated prior to their use. Thus, there is an advantage in terms of clinical application...
March 2016: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
Martin J Kelly, Iain H Feeley, John M O'Byrne
BACKGROUND: Direct to consumer (DTC) advertising, targeting the public over the physician, is an increasingly pervasive presence in medical clinics. It is trending toward a format of online interaction rather than that of traditional print and television advertising. METHODS: We analyze patient-focused Web pages from the top 5 companies supplying prostheses for total hip arthroplasties, comparing them to the top 10 independent medical websites. Quantitative comparison is performed using the Journal of American Medical Association benchmark and DISCERN criteria, and for comparative readability, we use the Flesch-Kincaid grade level, the Flesch reading ease, and the Gunning fog index...
October 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Richard Gonzales, Audra L Taylor, Andrew J Atkinson, Wilbur W Malloy, Victor W Macdonald, Andrew P Cap
In preparing to support the Army in 2025 and beyond, the Army Blood Program remains actively engaged with the research and advanced development of blood products and medical technology to improve blood safety and efficacy in conjunction with the US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command. National and International Blood Bank authorities have noted that the US Army research and development efforts in providing new blood products and improving blood safety operate on the cutting edge of technology and are transformational for the global blood industry...
March 2016: Transfusion
Kyu-Hwan Sihn
After the Liberation, the Korean economy was dependent on relief supplies and aid after the ruin of the colonial regime and war. The pharmaceutical business also searched for their share in the delivery of military supplies and the distribution of relief supplies. The supply-side pharmaceutical policy made the pharmaceutical market a wholesale business. The gravity of the situation led to an increased importation of medical supplies, and wholesalers took the lead in establishing the distribution structure, whereas consumers and pharmaceutical business were relatively intimidated...
December 2015: Ŭi Sahak
Mohamed Zgaren, Arash Moradi, Mohamad Sawan
Energy-efficient and high-data rate are desired in biomedical devices transceivers. A high-performance transmitter (Tx) and an ultra-low-power receiver (Rx) dedicated to medical implants communications operating at Industrial, Scientific and Medical (ISM) frequency band are presented. Tx benefits from a new efficient Frequency-Shift Keying (FSK) modulation technique which provides up to 20 Mb/s of data-rate and consumes only 0.084 nJ/b validated through fabrication. The receiver consists of an FSK-to-ASK conversion based receiver with OOK fully passive wake-up device (WuRx)...
2015: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Marla Phillips, Vishal Kashyap, Mee-Shew Cheung
UNLABELLED: Leaders in the pharmaceutical, medical device, and food industries expressed a unilateral concern over product confidence throughout the total product lifecycle, an unsettling fact for these leaders to manage given that their products affect the lives of millions of people each year. Fueled by the heparin incident of intentional adulteration in 2008, initial efforts for increasing product confidence were focused on improving the confidence of incoming materials, with a belief that supplier performance must be the root cause...
November 2015: PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology
John L Ard, Katherine Tobin, Tessa Huncke, Richard Kline, Susan M Ryan, Charlotte Bell
Our planet is in the midst of an environmental crisis. Government and international agencies such as the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change urge radical and transformative change at every level of how we conduct our personal and professional lives. The health care industry contributes to climate change. According to a study from the University of Chicago, the health care sector accounts for 8% of the United States' total greenhouse gas emissions. In an effort to understand the current state of environmental practice, attitudes, and knowledge among anesthesiologists in the United States, we conducted a survey of American anesthesiologists regarding environmental sustainability...
April 1, 2016: A & A Case Reports
Sandeep Gangadharan, Brian Belpanno
BACKGROUND: Anticipating throughput and allocating resources effectively in children's hospitals have unique challenges relative to adult inpatient centers. The seasonal and daily variation can be difficult to anticipate in terms of impact and creating plans for adequate preparation. Discrete event simulation methodology can be helpful in determining appropriate allocation of resources and has been increasingly appropriated in health care from industry. METHODS: A representative sample set was abstracted from the Cohen Children's Medical Center census tracking system to describe the present state...
October 2015: Quality Management in Health Care
V Smith, D Pollard, S Fennell, L Coyne
Until the end of 2012, the Radiological Protection Institute of Ireland (RPII) operated a personal dosimetry service for workers in the medical, industrial, education and research sectors in Ireland. The data recorded by the RPII service were used to generate national dose statistics and as such acted as a National Dose Register (NDR). In preparation for the closure of the RPII dosimetry service in 2012, a formal NDR was introduced for the first time in Ireland and data on all monitored workers are now supplied to it annually by Approved Dosimetry Services...
September 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
Timothy S Anderson, Chester B Good, Walid F Gellad
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence, characteristics, and compensation of members of the boards of directors of healthcare industry companies who hold academic appointments as leaders, professors, or trustees. DESIGN: Cross sectional study. SETTING: US healthcare companies publicly traded on the NASDAQ or New York Stock Exchange in 2013. PARTICIPANTS: 3434 directors of pharmaceutical, biotechnology, medical equipment and supply, and healthcare provider companies...
2015: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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