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Etiology CKD

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775446/-chronic-kidney-disease-in-children-up-to-2-years-of-age-a-single-center-data-analysis
#1
Kinga Musiał, Marta Sałamacha, Sylwia Gralec, Anna Pers, Łukasz Jacheć, Danuta Zwolińska
Although anomalies in the urinary tract are the leading cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the pediatric population, there are few studies focusing on etiological discrepancies between younger and older children. AIM: The aim of the study was to perform a comparative analysis of etiology of CKD in children hospitalized in the Department of Pediatric Nephrology at the Wrocław Medical University, with reference to the patients' age and gender. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The retrospective analysis considered medical records of 174 patients aged 0-18 years, diagnosed with CKD, hospitalized in our Department in the years 2011-2017...
April 23, 2018: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775442/-copeptin-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#2
Piotr Skrzypczyk, Magdalena Okarska-Napierała, Elżbieta Górska, Anna Stelmaszczyk-Emmel, Małgorzata Pańczyk-Tomaszewska
Studies in adult patients suggest that copeptin (C-terminal fragment of antidiuretin propeptide) is related to kidney and cardiovascular diseases. AIM: The aim was to assess copeptin concentration in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a group of 38 children with CKD (age: from 4.70 to 18.00 mean 12.23±4.19 years) we evaluated: serum copeptin concentration [ng/mL], age, sex, etiology of CKD, presence of arterial hypertension (AH), medications, glomerular filtration rate (GFR), hemoglobin, calcium-phosphorus metabolism parameters, and lipids...
April 23, 2018: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725631/kidney-diseases-in-agricultural-communities-a-case-against-heat-stress-nephropathy
#3
REVIEW
Chula Herath, Channa Jayasumana, P Mangala C S De Silva, P H Chaminda De Silva, Sisira Siribaddana, Marc E De Broe
The beginning of the 21st century has seen the emergence of a new chronic tubulo-interstitial kidney disease of uncertain cause among agricultural communities in Central America and Sri Lanka. Despite many similarities in demography, presentation, clinical features, and renal histopathology in affected individuals in these regions, a toxic etiology has been considered mainly in Sri Lanka, whereas the predominant hypothesis in Central America has been that recurrent acute kidney injury (AKI) caused by heat stress leads to chronic kidney disease (CKD)...
March 2018: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693449/a-translational-model-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-swine
#4
Alejandro R Chade, Maxx L Williams, Jason E Engel, Erika Guise, Taylor W Harvey
Animal models of chronic kidney disease (CKD) are critical for understanding its pathophysiology and for therapeutic development. The cardiovascular and renal anatomy and physiology of the pig are virtually identical to humans. This study aimed to develop a novel translational model of CKD that mimics the pathological features of CKD in humans. CKD was induced in 7 domestic pigs by bilateral renal artery stenosis and diet-induced dyslipidemia. Animals were observed for a total of 14 weeks. Renal hemodynamics and function were quantified in vivo using multi-detector CT after 6, 10, and 14 weeks of CKD...
April 25, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686466/nutrition-status-and-helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-patients-receiving-hemodialysis
#5
REVIEW
Mitsushige Sugimoto, Hideo Yasuda, Akira Andoh
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients receiving hemodialysis (HD) often develop gastrointestinal abnormalities over their long treatment period. In general, prognosis in such patients is poor due to the development of protein-energy wasting (PEW). Therefore, it is important to clarify the etiology of PEW and to establish better strategies to deal with this condition. Chronic Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori ) infection in the gastric mucosa has a close association with not only the development of peptic ulcer disease and gastric cancer, but is also associated with abnormal plasma and gastric mucosal ghrelin levels that are seen in malnutrition...
April 21, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657211/etiological-profile-of-chronic-kidney-disease-a-single-center-retrospective-hospital-based-study
#6
Manjuri Sharma, Prodip Doley, Himanab Jyoti Das
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is one of the leading causes of chronic diseases globally, with rising incidence and prevalence. It is a major risk factor for cerebrovascular disease and coronary artery disease, which are the main causes of death in this population. The etiology of CKD is varied. This study was performed to evaluate the various etiologies of CKD among patients presenting to the Department of Nephrology, Guwahati Medical College, a tertiary referral center. A total of 5718 CKD patients were evaluated to identify the cause of CKD...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619487/etiology-ethics-and-outcomes-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-neonates
#7
Jameela A Kari, Sara N Sharief, Sherif M El Desoky, Khalid A Alhasan, Amr S Albanna
OBJECTIVES: To report the epidemiology of chronic kidney disease (CKD)  in neonates at a single tertiary center and the outcomes of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in these patients and discuss ethical considerations regarding RRT in this population. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we reviewed clinical data from all neonates with evidence of CKD who were followed up at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between 2005 and 2015. Follow-up serum creatinine levels were recorded every 6 months...
April 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581249/hypoxia-inducible-factor-prolyl-hydroxylase-inhibitor-roxadustat-fg-4592-protects-against-cisplatin-induced-acute-kidney-injury
#8
Yunwen Yang, Xiaowen Yu, Yue Zhang, Guixia Ding, Chunhua Zhu, Songming Huang, Zhanjun Jia, Aihua Zhang
Renal hypoxia occurs in acute kidney injury (AKI) of various etiologies. Activation of hypoxia-inducible transcription factor (HIF) has been identified as an important mechanism of cellular adaptation to low oxygen. Preconditional HIF activation protects against AKI, suggesting a new approach in AKI treatment. HIF is degraded under normoxic conditions mediated by oxygen-dependent hydroxylation of specific prolyl residues of the regulative α-subunits by HIF prolyl hydroxylases (PHD). FG-4592 is a novel, orally active small-molecule HIF PHD inhibitor for the treatment of anemia in patients with CKD...
March 26, 2018: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580865/bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stromal-cell-infusion-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-safety-study-with-18-months-of-follow-up
#9
Atieh Makhlough, Soroosh Shekarchian, Reza Moghadasali, Behzad Einollahi, Mona Dastgheib, Ghasem Janbabaee, Seyedeh Esmat Hosseini, Nasrin Falah, Fateme Abbasi, Hossein Baharvand, Nasser Aghdami
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a progressive loss of kidney function and structure that affects approximately 13% of the population worldwide. A recent meta-analysis revealed that cell-based therapies improve impaired renal function and structure in preclinical models of CKD. We assessed the safety and tolerability of bone marrow-mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) infusion in patients with CKD. METHODS: A single-arm study was carried out at one center with 18-month follow-up in seven eligible patients with CKD due to different etiologies such as hypertension, nephrotic syndrome (NS) and unknown etiology...
March 23, 2018: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578399/mini-review-of-kidney-disease-following-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant
#10
Ramy Sedhom, Daniel Sedhom, Edgar Jaimes
Advancements in hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) have broadened indications for its use and resulted in more long-term survivors. Stem cell transplantation is associated with several well-known toxicities, although renal complications are not well defined. Acute and chronic kidney disease remains a common complication following transplantation itself. Incidence and risk factors for the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is less well understood. Recent estimates suggest that nearly 15% of subjects undergoing HCT will develop CKD, a complication that can progress to end-stage renal disease (ESRD), disrupts overall quality of life, and reduces overall survival...
March 26, 2018: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503620/oxidative-stress-and-renal-fibrosis-recent-insights-for-the-development-of-novel-therapeutic-strategies
#11
REVIEW
Wenshan Lv, George W Booz, Fan Fan, Yangang Wang, Richard J Roman
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a significant worldwide healthcare problem. Regardless of the initial injury, renal fibrosis is the common final pathway leading to end stage renal disease. Although the underlying mechanisms are not fully defined, evidence indicates that besides inflammation, oxidative stress plays a crucial role in the etiology of renal fibrosis. Oxidative stress results from an imbalance between the production of free radicals that are often increased by inflammation and mitochondrial dysfunction, and reduced anti-oxidant defenses...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471290/presence-of-kidney-disease-as-an-outcome-predictor-in-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#12
Laurent Bitker, Florence Sens, Cécile Payet, Ségolène Turquier, Antoine Duclos, Vincent Cottin, Laurent Juillard
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) may lead to right heart failure and subsequently alter glomerular filtration rates (GFR). Chronic kidney disease (CKD, GFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2) may also adversely affect PAH prognosis. This study aimed to assess how right heart hemodynamics was associated with reduced estimated GFR (eGFR) and the association of CKD with survival in PAH patients. METHODS: In a prospective PAH cohort (2003-2012), invasive hemodynamics and eGFR were collected at diagnosis (179 patients) and during follow-up (159 patients)...
2018: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456222/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-cote-d-ivoire-an-analytic-study-conducted-in-the-department-of-internal-medicine
#13
Hubert Kouame Yao, Serge Didier Konan, Sindou Sanogo, Sery Patrick Diopoh, Amadou Demba Diallo
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become a public health problem because of its increasing prevalence. The objective of this study was to describe the current profile of CKD in our working conditions. This is a descriptive retrospective study of patients admitted for CKD during the period from January 2010 to December 2014 in the Internal Medicine Department of the university hospital of Treichville in Abidjan. CKD was defined by a glomerular filtration rate below 60 mL/min lasting for at least three months...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441655/the-importance-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-pediatric-transplantation-and-its-link-to-the-kidneys
#14
REVIEW
Jonathan N Johnson, Guido Filler
Cardiovascular disease is a frequent cause of morbidity and mortality in pediatric patients following solid organ transplant. CKD is also common in pediatric patients after a solid organ transplant, and the link between CKD and cardiovascular morbidity is strong. In this review, we examine potential etiologies to explain the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in pediatric solid organ recipients and identify targets for improving outcomes.
May 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436520/insulin-resistance-is-associated-with-interleukin-1%C3%AE-il-1%C3%AE-in-non-diabetic-hemodialysis-patients
#15
Xiao Bi, Honglan Ai, Qiaoming Wu, Qiang Fan, Feng Ding, Chun Hu, Wei Ding
BACKGROUND Insulin resistance (IR) and inflammation are associated with increased risk of complications in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. However, the relationship between IR and the important proinflammatory interleukin-1β (IL-1β) is unclear in CKD patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS We conducted a cross-sectional study including 79 non-diabetic patients who received hemodialysis after the exclusion process. Homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR) and leptin adiponectin ratio (LAR) were used to evaluate IR...
February 13, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396251/glycated-albumin-in-chronic-kidney-disease-pathophysiologic-connections
#16
REVIEW
Alok Raghav, Jamal Ahmad
Nephropathy in diabetes patients is the most common etiology of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Strict glycemic control reduces the development and progression of diabetes-related complications, and there is evidence that improved metabolic control improves outcomes in subjects having diabetes mellitus with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD). Glycemic control in people with kidney disease is complex. Changes in glucose and insulin homoeostasis may occur as a consequence of loss of kidney function and dialysis...
May 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393217/impact-of-recurrent-acute-kidney-injury-on-patient-outcomes
#17
Eva Rodríguez, Carlos Arias-Cabrales, Sheila Bermejo, Adriana Sierra, Carla Burballa, María José Soler, Clara Barrios, Julio Pascual
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recurrent acute kidney injury (AKI) is common among patients after a first hospitalized AKI. However, little is known about the prognosis of recurrent AKI episodes in chronic kidney disease (CKD) development, cardiovascular events and mortality. METHODS: A retrospective study included patients admitted to our Hospital from 2000 to 2010. AKI was defined according to the Acute Dialysis Quality Initiative criteria. In the follow-up period after the first AKI episode, clinical, laboratory data and the number of repeated AKI episodes, etiology and severity were recorded...
2018: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381982/metabolic-acidosis-of-chronic-kidney-disease-and-subclinical-cardiovascular-disease-markers-friend-or-foe
#18
Cristina Căpuşă, Gabriel Ştefan, Simona Stancu, Mariana Lipan, Lilach Daniel Tsur, Gabriel Mircescu
The effect of chronic metabolic acidosis (MA) on cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the setting of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is largely unknown. Therefore, we aimed to study this relationship in nondialysis CKD patients.This cross-sectional, single-center study prospectively enrolled 95 clinically stable CKD patients (median age 61 (58, 65) years, 60% male, median eGFR 27 (22, 32) mL/min). Data on CKD etiology, CVD history, CVD traditional, and nontraditional risk factors were obtained. Also, markers of subclinical CVD were assessed: intima-media thickness (IMT), abdominal aortic calcifications (Kauppila score-AACs), cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI), ankle-brachial index (ABI), ejection fraction, and interventricular septum thickness...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352455/clinical-features-in-a-series-of-258-japanese-pediatric-patients-with-thrombotic-microangiopathy
#19
Akira Ashida, Hideki Matsumura, Toshihiro Sawai, Rika Fujimaru, Yuko Fujii, Akihiko Shirasu, Hyogo Nakakura, Kazumoto Iijima
BACKGROUND: Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) includes hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). This study examined the epidemiological characteristics of pediatric patients with TMA classified according to etiology. METHODS: The survey evaluated 258 Japanese pediatric patients diagnosed with TMA between 2012 and 2015. RESULTS: The primary diseases responsible for TMA were categorized as TTP (15 cases), Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli-associated HUS (STEC-HUS) (166 cases), atypical HUS (aHUS) (40 cases), and secondary TMA (27 cases)...
January 19, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313183/predictors-of-unknown-cancer-in-patients-with-ischemic-stroke
#20
Sonia Quintas, Jacobo Rogado, Pedro Gullón, Vilma Pacheco-Barcia, Julio Dotor García-Soto, Gemma Reig-Roselló, Rebeca Mondéjar, Ramón Colomer, Jose Vivancos
Stroke is the second most frequent neurologic finding in postmortem studies of cancer patients. It has also been described as the first expression of an occult cancer. We have studied patients diagnosed with cancer after an ischemic stroke (IS) and we analyze differences with non-tumor patients. Single cohort longitudinal retrospective study of patients admitted to our center with IS diagnosis from 1 January 2012 to 12 December 2014. All patients were followed for 18 months. Patients with transient ischemic infarction or cerebral hemorrhage, active cancer or in the last 5 years, inability to follow-up or absence of complete complementary study (holter-EKG, echocardiogram, and dupplex/angiography-CT) were excluded...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
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