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Etiology prevalence chronic kidney disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832731/screening-fabry-s-disease-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-not-on-dialysis-a-multicenter-study
#1
Yavuz Yeniçerioğlu, Hakan Akdam, Belda Dursun, Alper Alp, Funda Sağlam Eyiler, Davut Akın, Yelda Gün, Bülent Hüddam, Mehmet Batmazoğlu, Dilek Gibyeli Genek, Serhat Pirinççi, İsmail Rıfkı Ersoy, Atilla Üzüm, Zeki Soypaçacı, Mehmet Tanrısev, Hülya Çolak, Sibel Demiral Sezer, Gökay Bozkurt, Utku Oğan Akyıldız, Ayşe İpek Akyüz Ünsal, Mustafa Ünübol, Meltem Uslu, Ufuk Eryılmaz, Ceren Günel, İbrahim Meteoğlu, İrfan Yavaşoğlu, Alparslan Ünsal, Harun Akar, Pınar Okyay
OBJECTIVES: Fabry's disease is an X-linked inherited, rare, progressive, lysosomal storage disorder, affecting multiple organs due to the deficient activity of α-galactosidase A (α-Gal A) enzyme. The prevalence has been reported to be 0.15-1% in hemodialysis patients; however, the information on the prevalence in chronic kidney disease not on dialysis is lacking. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of Fabry's disease in chronic kidney disease. METHODS: The patients older than 18 years, enclosing KDIGO 2012 chronic kidney disease definitions, not on dialysis, were enrolled...
November 10, 2016: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826732/renin-angiotensin-ii-aldosterone-system-blockers-and-time-to-renal-replacement-therapy-in-children-with-ckd
#2
Alison G Abraham, Aisha Betoko, Jeffrey J Fadrowski, Christopher Pierce, Susan L Furth, Bradley A Warady, Alvaro Muñoz
BACKGROUND: Clinical care decisions to treat chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a growing child must often be made without the benefit of evidence from clinical trials. We used observational data from the Chronic Kidney Disease in Children cohort to estimate the effectiveness of renin-angiotensin II-aldosterone system blockade (RAAS) to delay renal replacement therapy (RRT) in children with CKD. METHODS: A total of 851 participants (median age: 11 years, median glomerular filtration rate [GFR]: 52 ml/min/1...
November 8, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771702/role-of-the-renal-microcirculation-in-progression-of-chronic-kidney-injury-in-obesity
#3
Alejandro R Chade, John E Hall
Obesity is largely responsible for the growing incidence and prevalence of diabetes, cardiovascular and renal diseases. Current strategies to prevent and treat obesity and its consequences have been insufficient to reverse the ongoing trends. Lifestyle modification or pharmacological therapies often produce modest weight loss which is not sustained and recurrence of obesity is frequently observed, leading to progression of target organ damage in many obese subjects. Therefore, research efforts have focused not only on the factors that regulate energy balance, but also on understanding mechanisms of target organ injury in obesity...
2016: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767995/association-of-kidney-function-biomarkers-with-brain-mri-findings-the-brink-study
#4
Prashanthi Vemuri, David S Knopman, Clifford R Jack, Emily S Lundt, Stephen D Weigand, Samantha M Zuk, Kaely B Thostenson, Robert I Reid, Kejal Kantarci, Yelena Slinin, Kamakshi Lakshminarayan, Cynthia S Davey, Anne Murray
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) studies have reported variable prevalence of brain pathologies, in part due to low inclusion of participants with moderate to severe CKD. OBJECTIVE: To measure the association between kidney function biomarkers and brain MRI findings in CKD. METHODS: In the BRINK (BRain IN Kidney Disease) study, MRI was used to measure gray matter volumes, cerebrovascular pathologies (white matter hyperintensity (WMH), infarctions, microhemorrhages), and microstructural changes using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767356/etiology-clinical-profile-and-short-term-outcome-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-children-at-a-tertiary-care-pediatric-nephrology-center-in-pakistan
#5
Vina Tresa, Afshan Yaseen, Ali Asghar Lanewala, Seema Hashmi, Sabeeta Khatri, Irshad Ali, Muhammed Mubarak
BACKGROUND: The reported prevalence rates and etiologies of acute kidney injury (AKI) are quite variable in different regions of the world. The current study was planned to determine the etiology, clinical profile, and short-term outcome of pediatric AKI at our hospital. METHODS: A prospective, observational study was carried out from April 2014 to March 2015. All pediatric patients (1 month to ≤15 years) diagnosed as AKI using modified pRIFLE criteria were studied and followed for 3 months to document short-term outcome...
October 21, 2016: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752002/hypertension-in-hemodialyzed-children
#6
Shatha Hussain Ali, Salman Hussain Assi, Fadhil S Hussien
Hypertension (HTN) is one of the most common sequelae of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in children. Dialysis-related HTN is predominantly caused by chronic volume overload, and as such the blood pressure (BP) can be reduced and/or brought down to normal in a sizable number of patients with improved salt and fluid balance. This study was conducted to assess the prevalence of HTN among children on hemodialysis (HD) and to evaluate the correlation of HTN with some demographic data. This is a prospective study performed on forty pediatric patients with CKD receiving maintenance HD in three centers in Baghdad...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737597/coronary-artery-disease-prevalence-and-outcome-in-patients-hospitalized-with-acute-heart-failure-an-observational-report-from-seven-middle-eastern-countries
#7
Amar Salam, Kadhim Sulaiman, Ibrahim Al-Zakwani, Alawi Alsheikh-Ali, Mohammed Aljaraallah, Husam Al Faleh, Abdelfatah Elasfar, Prasanth Panduranga, Rajvir Singh, Charbel Abi Khalil, Jassim Al Suwaidi
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to report prevalence, clinical characteristics, precipitating factors, management and outcome of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) among patients hospitalized with heart failure (HF) in seven Middle Eastern countries and compare them to non-CAD patients. METHODS: Data were derived from Gulf CARE (Gulf aCute heArt failuRe rEgistry), a prospective multicenter study of 5005 consecutive patients hospitalized with acute HF during February-November 2012 in 7 Middle Eastern countries...
October 13, 2016: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643785/urinary-biomarkers-kim-1-and-ngal-for-detection-of-chronic-kidney-disease-of-uncertain-etiology-ckdu-among-agricultural-communities-in-sri-lanka
#8
Pallagae Mangala C S De Silva, Khaja Shameem Mohammed Abdul, Eakanayake M D V Eakanayake, Sudheera Sammanthi Jayasinghe, Channa Jayasumana, Hewa Bandulage Asanthi, Hettiarachigae S D Perera, Gamage G Tushara Chaminda, Ediriweera P S Chandana, Sisira H Siribaddana
Chronic Kidney Disease of uncertain etiology (CKDu) is an emerging epidemic among farming communities in rural Sri Lanka. Victims do not exhibit common causative factors, however, histopathological studies revealed that CKDu is a tubulointerstitial disease. Urine albumin or albumin-creatinine ratio is still being used as a traditional diagnostic tool to identify CKDu, but accuracy and prevalence data generated are questionable. Urinary biomarkers have been used in similar nephropathy and are widely recognised for their sensitivity, specificity and accuracy in determining CKDu and early renal injury...
September 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591985/quest-to-identify-geochemical-risk-factors-associated-with-chronic-kidney-disease-of-unknown-etiology-ckdu-in-an-endemic-region-of-sri-lanka-a-multimedia-laboratory-analysis-of-biological-food-and-environmental-samples
#9
Keith E Levine, Jennifer Hoponick Redmon, Myles F Elledge, Kamani P Wanigasuriya, Kristin Smith, Breda Munoz, Vajira A Waduge, Roshini J Periris-John, Nalini Sathiakumar, James M Harrington, Donna S Womack, Rajitha Wickremasinghe
The emergence of a new form of chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology (CKDu) in Sri Lanka's North Central Province (NCP) has become a catastrophic health crisis. CKDu is characterized as slowly progressing, irreversible, and asymptomatic until late stages and, importantly, not attributed to diabetes, hypertension, or other known risk factors. It is postulated that the etiology of CKDu is multifactorial, involving genetic predisposition, nutritional and dehydration status, exposure to one or more environmental nephrotoxins, and lifestyle factors...
December 0: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521506/new-pharmacologic-agents-that-target-inflammation-and-fibrosis-in-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-related-kidney-disease
#10
Giovanni Musso, Franco De Michieli, Daria Bongiovanni, Renato Parente, Luciana Framarin, Nicola Leone, Mara Berrutti, Roberto Gambino, Maurizio Cassader, Solomon Cohney, Elena Paschetta
Epidemiologic data show an association between the prevalence and severity of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and the incidence and stage of chronic kidney disease (CKD); furthermore, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)-related cirrhosis has a higher risk of renal failure, a greater necessity for simultaneous liver-kidney transplantation, and a poorer renal outcome than cirrhosis of other etiologies even after simultaneous liver-kidney transplantation. These data suggest that NASH and CKD share common proinflammatory and profibrotic mechanisms of progression, which are targeted incompletely by current treatments...
August 10, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509586/renal-histology-patterns-in-a-prospective-study-of-nephrology-clinics-in-lagos-nigeria
#11
Theophilus I Umeizudike, Jacob O Awobusuyi, Christiana O Amira, Taslim B Bello, Monica O Mabayoje, Adebowale O Adekoya, Olufemi O Adelowo, Mumuni A Amisu
BACKGROUND: The burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Nigeria is quite alarming. The prevalence of CKD ranges from 11 - 23.5%. Hypertension and chronic glomerulonephritis (CGN) remain the two leading causes of CKD in Nigeria. The etiology of CKD in many of these patients remains unknown, as few biopsies are done. In order to demystify the various glomerular diseases that culminate in CGN, performing a kidney biopsy offers a ray of hope. Few studies on renal biopsies have emanated from Nigeria; this study, however, is unique as the histopathological analysis involves light, immunofluorescence, and electron microscopies...
2016: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508628/-op-2b-09-patients-with-advanced-kidney-disease-and-nephroangiosclerosis-might-not-benefit-of-strict-blood-pressure-control
#12
S Vettoretti, L Caldiroli, V Azzini, R Meazza, A Villarini, M Marcucci, C Alfieri, P Messa
OBJECTIVE: Blood pressure (BP) targets in chronic kidney disease (CKD) may differ in accordance with the etiology of CKD. We investigated if BP targets recommended by 2013 ESH guidelines for CKD patients are equally effective in subjects with nephroangiosclerosis (NAS+) respect to those with other nephropathies (NAS-). DESIGN AND METHOD: We analyzed 148 hypertensive patients with CKD (stages 3b-4), NAS+ (n = 66) and NAS- (n = 82). We collected at two visits: anamnesis, BP, blood and 24 h urinary samples...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27469155/chronic-kidney-disease-and-end-stage-renal-disease-in-disadvantaged-communities-of-north-america-an-investigational-challenge-to-limit-disease-progression-and-cardiovascular-risk
#13
Renu Regunathan-Shenk, Farah N Hussain, Anjali Ganda
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are growing public health issues associated with significant morbidity and mortality around the world. In the United States, Black and Hispanic minorities suffer higher rates of CKD and ESRD, mostly attributed to Diabetic Kidney Disease (DKD). DKD is the leading cause of both CKD and ESRD in the developed world and disproportionately affects minority populations such as African Americans, Hispanic Americans, and Aboriginal Americans in comparison with Whites...
2016: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27399161/chronic-kidney-disease-of-unknown-etiology-in-sri-lanka
#14
Senaka Rajapakse, Mitrakrishnan Chrishan Shivanthan, Mathu Selvarajah
INTRODUCTION: In the last two decades, chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology (CKDu) has emerged as a significant contributor to the burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in rural Sri Lanka. It is characterized by the absence of identified causes for CKD. The prevalence of CKDu is 15.1-22.9% in some Sri Lankan districts, and previous research has found an association with farming occupations. METHODS: A systematic literature review in Pubmed, Embase, Scopus, and Lilacs databases identified 46 eligible peer-reviewed articles and one conference abstract...
July 11, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27217391/chronic-kidney-disease-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#15
REVIEW
John W Stanifer, Anthony Muiru, Tazeen H Jafar, Uptal D Patel
Most of the global burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is occurring in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). As a result of rapid urbanization in LMICs, a growing number of populations are exposed to numerous environmental toxins, high infectious disease burdens and increasing rates of noncommunicable diseases. For CKD, this portends a high prevalence related to numerous etiologies, and it presents unique challenges. A better understanding of the epidemiology of CKD in LMICs is urgently needed, but this must be coupled with strong public advocacy and broad, collaborative public health efforts that address environmental, communicable, and non-communicable risk factors...
June 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27215235/is-there-an-association-between-vitamin-d-level-and-inflammatory-markers-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Syed Atif Mohiuddin, Mohamed Marie, Mohammad Ashraf, Magdi Hussein, Najlaa Almalki
Vitamin D deficiency is very prevalent among the patients with end-stage renal disease. The etiology of this is multifactorial, including nutritional deficiency, insufficient exposure to sunlight, race, obesity and not the least, impaired Vitamin D synthesis and metabolism in chronic kidney disease patients. We hypothesized that lower Vitamin D level will be associated with higher inflammatory burden and low immunological response to hepatitis B vaccination in hemodialysis (HD) population. The study was carried out in March 2013 among 100 HD patients who were identified to be eligible for the study...
May 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27142134/chronic-kidney-disease-of-uncertain-etiology-in-sri-lanka-are-leptospirosis-and-hantaviral-infection-likely-causes
#17
Chandika Damesh Gamage, Yomani Dilukshi Sarathkumara
Chronic kidney disease of uncertain etiology (CKDu) has been a severe burden and a public health crisis in Sri Lanka over the past two decades. Many studies have established hypotheses to identify potential risk factors although causative agents, risk factors and etiology of this disease are still uncertain. Several studies have postulated that fungal and bacterial nephrotoxins are a possible etiological factor; however, the precise link between hypothesized risk factors and the pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease has yet to be proven in prior studies...
June 2016: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27049361/prevalence-of-chronic-renal-disease-in-adults-attended-by-the-family-health-strategy
#18
Edna Regina Silva Pereira, Aline de Castro Pereira, Guilherme Borges de Andrade, Alessandra Vitorino Naghettini, Fernanda Karolline Melchior Silva Pinto, Sandro Rodrigues Batista, Solomar Martins Marques
INTRODUCTION: Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is an important Brazilian public health issue that has as main etiologies, arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus (DM). The precocious diagnosis is important, because it allows the implementation of preventive measures that retard or interrupt the progression to the most advanced stages of the CKD. OBJECTIVE: Identify the prevalence and the associated factors to the CKD among adults served by the Family Health Strategy (FHS)...
March 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27012243/know-ped-ckd-korean-cohort-study-for-outcomes-in-patients-with-pediatric-ckd-design-and-methods
#19
Hee Gyung Kang, Hyun Jin Choi, Kyung Hee Han, Seong Heon Kim, Hee Yeon Cho, Min Hyun Cho, Jae Il Shin, Joo Hoon Lee, Joongyub Lee, Kook Hwan Oh, Young Seo Park, Hae Il Cheong, Curie Ahn, Il-Soo Ha
BACKGROUND: The global prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing. In children, CKD exhibits unique etiologies and can have serious impacts on children's growth and development. Therefore, an aggressive approach to preventing the progression of CKD and its complications is imperative. To improve the understanding and management of Asian pediatric patients with CKD, we designed and launched KNOW-Ped CKD (KoreaN cohort study for Outcome in patients With Pediatric Chronic Kidney Disease), a nationwide, prospective, and observational cohort study of pediatric CKD with funding from the Korean government...
March 25, 2016: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26981494/insomnia-and-restless-leg-syndrome-in-patients-undergoing-chronic-hemodialysis-in-rafsanjan-ali-ibn-abitaleb-hospital
#20
Roshanak Hasheminasab Zaware, Mohammad Hossein Mahmoodi Meymand, Mohsen Rezaeian, Niloofar Mohammadi Kamalabadi, Seyed-Ali Mostafavi, Mohammad Ali Abdolkarimi Dawarani, Reyhane Jome Yazdian, Reza Bidaki
BACKGROUND: Sleep is one of the most fundamental human needs; without any doubt sleep is even more essential for sick patients, especially for patients with chronic illnesses. Sleep disturbance may lead to anxiety and reduced quality of life. Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is a sensory-motor disorder accompanied by a strong desire to move the legs or other parts of the body, which can cause sleep disturbance. Its etiology is unknown, but increased urea and creatinine levels before dialysis, iron deficiency due to kidney failure and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are mentioned as causes...
January 2016: Nephro-urology Monthly
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