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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821164/cape-gooseberry-physalis-peruviana-juice-as-a-modulator-agent-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-linked-apoptosis-and-cell-cycle-arrest
#1
Hanaa A Hassan, Hanaa M Serag, Makwan S Qadir, Mohamed Fawzy Ramadan
BACKGROUND: Cape gooseberry (Physalis peruviana) fruit is highly nutritious with high content of health-promoting compounds including minerals, phenolic compounds, as well as vitamins A and C. Physalis peruviana fruits were used as mutagenic, antispasmodic, anticoagulant, and antileucemis agents. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present work was to study the role of cape gooseberry juice (CG) as a natural modulator agent for adverse aspects associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)...
August 14, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821148/a-pectic-polysaccharide-from-ligusticum-chuanxiong-promotes-intestine-antioxidant-defense-in-aged-mice
#2
Chao Huang, Xiyue Cao, Xingfu Chen, Yuping Fu, Yingguo Zhu, Zhengli Chen, Qihui Luo, Lixia Li, Xu Song, Renyong Jia, Zhongqiong Yin, Bin Feng, Yuanfeng Zou
The extensive prospects of polysaccharides in medicine and pharmaceuticals have elicited much interest. Ligusticum chuanxiong polysaccharides, previously extracted as neutral polysaccharides, exhibit antioxidant, anticancer, andantibacterial capacities in vitro. Here we show one pectic polysaccharide extracted from rhizome of L. chuanxiong(LCP-II-I). Structural analysis indicated its long homogalacturonan region is interrupted by rhamnogalacturonan type I, with arabinan and arabinogalactan type I as side chains...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821031/surface-deacetylated-chitin-nanofibers-reinforced-with-a-sulfobutyl-ether-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-gel-loaded-with-prednisolone-as-potential-therapy-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#3
Ryo Tabuchi, Makoto Anraku, Daisuke Iohara, Takako Ishiguro, Shinsuke Ifuku, Tomone Nagae, Kaneto Uekama, Shoko Okazaki, Keizo Takeshita, Masaki Otagiri, Fumitoshi Hirayama
Surface-deacetylated chitin nanofibers (SDACNFs) reinforced with a sulfobutyl ether β-cyclodextrin (SBE-β-CD) (NFs-CDs) gel were developed to obtain a controlled release carrier of prednisolone (PD) for the treatment of colitis. PD was released slowly from the gel at both pH 1.2 and 6.8. The in vitro slow release of PD from the NFs-CDs gel was reflected in the in vivo absorption of the drug after oral administration to rats. These results suggest that a simple gel composed of a mixture of SDACNFs and SBE-β-CD has the potential for use in the controlled release of PD...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821006/adherence-to-antiepileptic-drugs-in-children-and-adolescents-a-retrospective-study-in-primary-care-settings-in-germany
#4
Louis Jacob, Hajo M Hamer, Karel Kostev
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to analyze adherence to antiepileptic drugs (AED) in children and adolescents treated in pediatric practices in Germany. METHODS: The present study included patients aged between 2 and 17years who were diagnosed with epilepsy (ICD-10: G40) and had received at least two prescriptions of AED between January 2006 and December 2015 in 243 pediatric practices in Germany. The medication possession ratio (MPR) was used to estimate adherence, and patients with a MPR greater than 80% were considered adherent...
August 15, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820986/an-ultrasensitive-sandwich-type-electrochemical-immunosensor-based-on-the-signal-amplification-strategy-of-echinoidea-shaped-au-ag-cu2o-nanoparticles-for-prostate-specific-antigen-detection
#5
Yuying Yang, Qin Yan, Qing Liu, Yongpeng Li, Hui Liu, Ping Wang, Lei Chen, Daopeng Zhang, Yueyun Li, Yunhui Dong
Highly sensitive determination of tumor markers plays an important role in early diagnosis of cancer. Herein, a novel and ultrasensitive sandwich-type electrochemical immunosensor was fabricated for quantitative detection of prostate specific antigen (PSA). In this process, gold nanoparticles functionalized nitrogen-doped graphene quantum dots (Au@N-GQDs) was synthesized through a simple and green hydrothermal procedure to enhance conductivity, specific electrode surface area and quantity of immobilized primary antibodies (Ab1)...
August 10, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820912/impact-of-novel-palmitoylated-prolactin-releasing-peptide-analogs-on-metabolic-changes-in-mice-with-diet-induced-obesity
#6
Veronika Pražienková, Martina Holubová, Helena Pelantová, Martina Bugáňová, Zdenko Pirník, Barbora Mikulášková, Andrea Popelová, Miroslava Blechová, Martin Haluzík, Blanka Železná, Marek Kuzma, Jaroslav Kuneš, Lenka Maletínská
Analogs of anorexigenic neuropeptides, such as prolactin-releasing peptide (PrRP), have a potential as new anti-obesity drugs. In our previous study, palmitic acid attached to the N-terminus of PrRP enabled its central anorexigenic effects after peripheral administration. In this study, two linkers, γ-glutamic acid at Lys11 and a short, modified polyethylene glycol at the N-terminal Ser and/or Lys11, were applied for the palmitoylation of PrRP31 to improve its bioavailability. These analogs had a high affinity and activation ability to the PrRP receptor GPR10 and the neuropeptide FF2 receptor, as well as short-term anorexigenic effect similar to PrRP palmitoylated at the N-terminus...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820908/ribosomopathy-like-properties-of-murine-and-human-cancers
#7
Sucheta Kulkarni, James M Dolezal, Huabo Wang, Laura Jackson, Jie Lu, Brian P Frodey, Atinuke Dosunmu-Ogunbi, Youjun Li, Marc Fromherz, Audry Kang, Lucas Santana-Santos, Panayiotis V Benos, Edward V Prochownik
Ribosomopathies comprise a heterogeneous group of hematologic and developmental disorders, often characterized by bone marrow failure, skeletal and other developmental abnormalities and cancer predisposition. They are associated with mutations and/or haplo-insufficiencies of ribosomal proteins (RPs) and inefficient ribosomal RNA (rRNA) processing. The resulting ribosomal stress induces the canonical p19ARF/Mdm2/p53 tumor suppressor pathway leading to proliferative arrest and/or apoptosis. It has been proposed that this pathway is then inactivated during subsequent neoplastic evolution...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820871/genetic-predisposition-to-fetal-alcohol-syndrome-association-with-congenital-disorders-of-n-glycosylation
#8
María E de la Morena-Barrio, María J Ballesta-Martínez, Raquel López-Gálvez, Ana I Antón, Vanessa López-González, Laia Martínez-Ribot, José Padilla, Antonia Miñano, Oscar García-Algar, Miguel Del Campo, Javier Corral, Encarna Guillén-Navarro, Vicente Vicente
BACKGROUND: Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is caused by maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy, although additional factors must be involved, as development and severity are not directly related to alcohol intake. The abnormal glycosylation caused by alcohol might play a role in FAS according to the clinical similarities shared with congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG). Thus, mutations underlying CDG, affecting genes involved in glycosylation, could also be involved in FAS...
August 18, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820870/controversies-in-the-identification-and-management-of-acute-pulmonary-hypertension-in-preterm-neonates
#9
REVIEW
Regan E Giesinger, Kiran More, Jodie Odame, Amish Jain, Robert P Jankov, Patrick J McNamara
It is increasingly recognized that the abnormal physiologic consequences of pulmonary hypertension (PH) may contribute to poor cardiopulmonary health in premature babies. Conflicting literature has led to clinical uncertainty, pathological misinterpretation and variability in treatment approaches among practitioners. There are several disorders with overlapping and interrelated presentations and other disorders with a similar clinical phenotype but diverse pathophysiological contributors. In this review, we provide a diagnostic approach for acute HRF in the preterm neonate, outline the pathophysiological conditions that may present as acute PH and discuss the implications of high pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) on the cardiovascular system...
August 18, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820799/regional-anesthesia-and-analgesia-after-surgery-in-icu
#10
Mathieu Capdevila, Séverin Ramin, Xavier Capdevila
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim is to demonstrate that ICU physicians should play a pivotal role in developing regional anesthesia techniques that are underused in critically ill patients despite the proven facts in perioperative and long-term pain, organ dysfunction, and postsurgery patient health-related quality of life improvement. RECENT FINDINGS: Regional anesthesia and/or analgesia strategies in ICU reduce the surgical and trauma-stress response in surgical patients as well as complications incidence...
August 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820755/sleep-complications-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#11
Natalie A Grima, Jennie L Ponsford, Matthew P Pase
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent research has provided extensive characterization as to the frequency and nature of sleep disturbances following traumatic brain injury (TBI). This review summarizes the current state of knowledge and proposes future directions for research. RECENT FINDINGS: Complaints of sleep disturbance are common following TBI, and objective assessments of sleep largely corroborate these complaints. Sleep is often disturbed in the acute phase postinjury and can persist for decades, with the prevalence of sleep disorders higher in patients with TBI as compared with the general population...
August 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820748/disclosure-of-diagnosis-in-early-recognition-of-psychosis
#12
Andreas Blessing, Anna Studer, Amelie Gross, L Forest Gruss, Roland Schneider, Gerhard Dammann
There is a debate concerning risks and benefits of early intervention in psychosis, especially concerning diagnosis disclosure. The present study reports preliminary findings on self-reported locus of control and psychological distress after the disclosure of diagnosis in an early recognition center. We compared the ratings of the locus of control and psychological distress before and after communication of diagnosis. The study included individuals with an at-risk mental state (ARMS) (n = 10), schizophrenia (n = 9), and other psychiatric disorders (n = 11)...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820746/no-effects-of-d-cycloserine-enhancement-in-exposure-with-response-prevention-therapy-in-panic-disorder-with-agoraphobia-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Mieke Klein Hofmeijer-Sevink, Puck Duits, Marleen M Rijkeboer, Adriaan W Hoogendoorn, Harold J van Megen, Nienke C Vulink, Damiaan A Denys, Marcel A van den Hout, Anton J van Balkom, Danielle C Cath
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: D-cycloserine (DCS) is a partial N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor agonist that potentially augments response to exposure therapy in anxiety disorders by enhancing extinction learning. This randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled augmentation trial examined (1) the effectiveness of adding 125 mg of DCS to exposure therapy (before or directly after the first 6 treatment sessions) in patients with panic disorder with agoraphobia and (2) the effectiveness of DCS augmentation preceding exposure relative to DCS augmentation directly postexposure...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820743/sleep-apnea-a-review-of-diagnostic-sensors-algorithms-and-therapies
#14
Mehdi Shokoueinejad, Chris Fernandez, Emily Carroll, Fa Wang, Jake Levin, Sam Rusk, Nick Glattard, Ashley Mulchrone, Xuan Zhang, Ailiang Xie, Mihaela Teodorescu, Jerome Dempsey, John Webster
While public awareness of sleep related disorders is growing, sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) remains a public health and economic challenge. Over the last two decades, extensive controlled epidemiologic research has clarified the incidence, risk factors including the obesity epidemic, and global prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), as well as establishing a growing body of literature linking OSA with cardiovascular morbidity, mortality, metabolic dysregulation, and neurocognitive impairment. The US Institute of Medicine Committee on Sleep Medicine estimates that 50-70 million US adults have sleep or wakefulness disorders...
August 18, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820736/long-qt-syndrome-diagnosed-in-two-sisters-with-propionic-acidemia-a-case-report
#15
Ensar Duras, Ahmet İrdem, Ozan Özkaya
Propionic acidemia (PA) is a rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorder caused by deficiency of the mitochondrial enzyme propionyl-CoA carboxylase (PCC). This disorder mostly progresses with episodes of metabolic acidosis. Cardiomyopathy is among the cardiac complications known to occur during metabolic decompensation episodes. However, several recent papers emphasized the association of PA and long QT syndrome (LQTS) which may lead to extremely serious and fatal consequences. In this report, we describe two sisters with PA who have prolonged QT duration that were incidentally detected in an outpatient setting...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820733/pubertal-assessment-targeted-educational-intervention-for-pediatric-trainees
#16
Aditi Khokhar, Sairaman Nagarajan, Yagnaram Ravichandran, Sheila Perez-Colon
Background Timely and periodic pubertal assessment in children is vital to identify puberty related disorders. Pediatricians need to have working knowledge of puberty time and tempo. Pediatric residency is an important platform to acquire physical examination skills including pubertal assessment. Objective An educational intervention for teaching pubertal assessment was piloted on pediatric residents at our institution. Methods The intervention comprised of interactive lecture series, ID badge size Tanner stage cards and Tanner posters placed in residents' continuity clinics...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820724/neurologic-complications-in-persons-with-hiv-infection-in-the-era-of-antiretroviral-therapy
#17
Dennis Kolson
Neurologic complications in persons with HIV infection are less severe in the era of potent antiretroviral therapy but remain highly prevalent. Prior to the use of antiretroviral therapy, opportunistic infections of the central nervous system (CNS) and CNS malignancy were common. Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), however, remains a diagnostic challenge in HIV-infected individuals, and no effective antiviral treatment for PML is currently available. Primary neurologic complications of acute HIV infection include aseptic meningitis and acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy...
July 2017: Topics in Antiviral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820708/clinical-spectrum-etiology-and-outcome-of-neurological-disorders-in-the-rural-hospital-of-mosango-the-democratic-republic-of-congo
#18
Deby Mukendi, Jean-Roger Lilo Kalo, Alain Mpanya, Luigi Minikulu, Tharcisse Kayembe, Pascal Lutumba, Barbara Barbé, Philippe Gillet, Jan Jacobs, Harry Van Loen, Cedric P Yansouni, François Chappuis, Raffaella Ravinetto, Kristien Verdonck, Marleen Boelaert, Andrea S Winkler, Emmanuel Bottieau
There is little published information on the epidemiology of neurological disorders in rural Central Africa, although the burden is considered to be substantial. This study aimed to investigate the pattern, etiology, and outcome of neurological disorders in children > 5 years and adults admitted to the rural hospital of Mosango, province of Kwilu, Democratic Republic of Congo, with a focus on severe and treatable infections of the central nervous system (CNS). From September 2012 to January 2015, 351 consecutive patients hospitalized for recent and/or ongoing neurological disorder were prospectively evaluated by a neurologist, subjected to a set of reference diagnostic tests in blood or cerebrospinal fluid, and followed-up for 3-6 months after discharge...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820669/preliminary-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-hamilton-depression-rating-scale-in-methamphetamine-dependence
#19
Tracy Hellem, Lindsay Scholl, Hayden Ferguson, Erin McGlade, Deborah Yurgelun-Todd, Perry Renshaw, Laura Hildreth
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test the initial psychometric properties of the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) in individuals with and without major depressive disorder who use methamphetamine. We used data from two completed studies and two ongoing clinical trials. The HAM-D has well established reliability and validity in a variety of populations. However, there are no published reports of reliability and validity of the HAM-D in a methamphetamine using population...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820656/corrigendum-prestimulus-inhibition-of-saccades-in-adults-with-and-without-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-as-an-index-of-temporal-expectations
#20
(no author information available yet)
Original article: Dankner, Y., Shalev, L., Carrasco, J., & Yuval-Greenberg, S. (2017). Prestimulus inhibition of saccades in adults with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder as an index of temporal expectations. Psychological Science, 28, 835-850. doi:10.1177/0956797617694863.
August 1, 2017: Psychological Science
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